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From: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
To: qemu-devel@nongnu.org
Subject: [Qemu-devel] [PULL 07/11] target-arm: support QMP dump-guest-memory
Date: Fri, 15 Jan 2016 15:24:01 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1452871445-4221-8-git-send-email-peter.maydell@linaro.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1452871445-4221-1-git-send-email-peter.maydell@linaro.org>

From: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com>

Add the support needed for creating prstatus elf notes. This
allows us to use QMP dump-guest-memory.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com>
Message-id: 1452542185-10914-6-git-send-email-drjones@redhat.com
Reviewed-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
[PMM: moved setting of cpu::write_elf64_note inside !CONFIG_USER_ONLY
 ifdef to avoid compile failure for linux-user build]
Signed-off-by: Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
---
 target-arm/Makefile.objs |   3 +-
 target-arm/arch_dump.c   | 230 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 target-arm/cpu-qom.h     |   5 ++
 target-arm/cpu.c         |   2 +
 4 files changed, 238 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 target-arm/arch_dump.c

diff --git a/target-arm/Makefile.objs b/target-arm/Makefile.objs
index 9460b40..a80eb39 100644
--- a/target-arm/Makefile.objs
+++ b/target-arm/Makefile.objs
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 obj-y += arm-semi.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += machine.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += machine.o psci.o arch_dump.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_KVM) += kvm.o
 obj-$(call land,$(CONFIG_KVM),$(call lnot,$(TARGET_AARCH64))) += kvm32.o
 obj-$(call land,$(CONFIG_KVM),$(TARGET_AARCH64)) += kvm64.o
@@ -7,6 +7,5 @@ obj-$(call lnot,$(CONFIG_KVM)) += kvm-stub.o
 obj-y += translate.o op_helper.o helper.o cpu.o
 obj-y += neon_helper.o iwmmxt_helper.o
 obj-y += gdbstub.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTMMU) += psci.o
 obj-$(TARGET_AARCH64) += cpu64.o translate-a64.o helper-a64.o gdbstub64.o
 obj-y += crypto_helper.o
diff --git a/target-arm/arch_dump.c b/target-arm/arch_dump.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f7a4873
--- /dev/null
+++ b/target-arm/arch_dump.c
@@ -0,0 +1,230 @@
+/* Support for writing ELF notes for ARM architectures
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Red Hat Inc.
+ *
+ * Author: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include "cpu.h"
+#include "elf.h"
+#include "sysemu/dump.h"
+
+/* struct user_pt_regs from arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h */
+struct aarch64_user_regs {
+    uint64_t regs[31];
+    uint64_t sp;
+    uint64_t pc;
+    uint64_t pstate;
+} QEMU_PACKED;
+
+QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct aarch64_user_regs) != 272);
+
+/* struct elf_prstatus from include/uapi/linux/elfcore.h */
+struct aarch64_elf_prstatus {
+    char pad1[32]; /* 32 == offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_pid) */
+    uint32_t pr_pid;
+    char pad2[76]; /* 76 == offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) -
+                            offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_ppid) */
+    struct aarch64_user_regs pr_reg;
+    uint32_t pr_fpvalid;
+    char pad3[4];
+} QEMU_PACKED;
+
+QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct aarch64_elf_prstatus) != 392);
+
+struct aarch64_note {
+    Elf64_Nhdr hdr;
+    char name[8]; /* align_up(sizeof("CORE"), 4) */
+    struct aarch64_elf_prstatus prstatus;
+} QEMU_PACKED;
+
+QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct aarch64_note) != 412);
+
+static void aarch64_note_init(struct aarch64_note *note, DumpState *s,
+                              const char *name, Elf64_Word namesz,
+                              Elf64_Word type, Elf64_Word descsz)
+{
+    memset(note, 0, sizeof(*note));
+
+    note->hdr.n_namesz = cpu_to_dump32(s, namesz);
+    note->hdr.n_descsz = cpu_to_dump32(s, descsz);
+    note->hdr.n_type = cpu_to_dump32(s, type);
+
+    memcpy(note->name, name, namesz);
+}
+
+int arm_cpu_write_elf64_note(WriteCoreDumpFunction f, CPUState *cs,
+                             int cpuid, void *opaque)
+{
+    struct aarch64_note note;
+    CPUARMState *env = &ARM_CPU(cs)->env;
+    DumpState *s = opaque;
+    uint64_t pstate, sp;
+    int ret, i;
+
+    aarch64_note_init(&note, s, "CORE", 5, NT_PRSTATUS, sizeof(note.prstatus));
+
+    note.prstatus.pr_pid = cpu_to_dump32(s, cpuid);
+
+    if (!is_a64(env)) {
+        aarch64_sync_32_to_64(env);
+        pstate = cpsr_read(env);
+        sp = 0;
+    } else {
+        pstate = pstate_read(env);
+        sp = env->xregs[31];
+    }
+
+    for (i = 0; i < 31; ++i) {
+        note.prstatus.pr_reg.regs[i] = cpu_to_dump64(s, env->xregs[i]);
+    }
+    note.prstatus.pr_reg.sp = cpu_to_dump64(s, sp);
+    note.prstatus.pr_reg.pc = cpu_to_dump64(s, env->pc);
+    note.prstatus.pr_reg.pstate = cpu_to_dump64(s, pstate);
+
+    ret = f(&note, sizeof(note), s);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/* struct pt_regs from arch/arm/include/asm/ptrace.h */
+struct arm_user_regs {
+    uint32_t regs[17];
+    char pad[4];
+} QEMU_PACKED;
+
+QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct arm_user_regs) != 72);
+
+/* struct elf_prstatus from include/uapi/linux/elfcore.h */
+struct arm_elf_prstatus {
+    char pad1[24]; /* 24 == offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_pid) */
+    uint32_t pr_pid;
+    char pad2[44]; /* 44 == offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) -
+                            offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_ppid) */
+    struct arm_user_regs pr_reg;
+    uint32_t pr_fpvalid;
+} QEMU_PACKED arm_elf_prstatus;
+
+QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct arm_elf_prstatus) != 148);
+
+struct arm_note {
+    Elf32_Nhdr hdr;
+    char name[8]; /* align_up(sizeof("CORE"), 4) */
+    struct arm_elf_prstatus prstatus;
+} QEMU_PACKED;
+
+QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct arm_note) != 168);
+
+static void arm_note_init(struct arm_note *note, DumpState *s,
+                          const char *name, Elf32_Word namesz,
+                          Elf32_Word type, Elf32_Word descsz)
+{
+    memset(note, 0, sizeof(*note));
+
+    note->hdr.n_namesz = cpu_to_dump32(s, namesz);
+    note->hdr.n_descsz = cpu_to_dump32(s, descsz);
+    note->hdr.n_type = cpu_to_dump32(s, type);
+
+    memcpy(note->name, name, namesz);
+}
+
+int arm_cpu_write_elf32_note(WriteCoreDumpFunction f, CPUState *cs,
+                             int cpuid, void *opaque)
+{
+    struct arm_note note;
+    CPUARMState *env = &ARM_CPU(cs)->env;
+    DumpState *s = opaque;
+    int ret, i;
+
+    arm_note_init(&note, s, "CORE", 5, NT_PRSTATUS, sizeof(note.prstatus));
+
+    note.prstatus.pr_pid = cpu_to_dump32(s, cpuid);
+
+    for (i = 0; i < 16; ++i) {
+        note.prstatus.pr_reg.regs[i] = cpu_to_dump32(s, env->regs[i]);
+    }
+    note.prstatus.pr_reg.regs[16] = cpu_to_dump32(s, cpsr_read(env));
+
+    ret = f(&note, sizeof(note), s);
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+int cpu_get_dump_info(ArchDumpInfo *info,
+                      const GuestPhysBlockList *guest_phys_blocks)
+{
+    ARMCPU *cpu = ARM_CPU(first_cpu);
+    CPUARMState *env = &cpu->env;
+    GuestPhysBlock *block;
+    hwaddr lowest_addr = ULLONG_MAX;
+
+    /* Take a best guess at the phys_base. If we get it wrong then crash
+     * will need '--machdep phys_offset=<phys-offset>' added to its command
+     * line, which isn't any worse than assuming we can use zero, but being
+     * wrong. This is the same algorithm the crash utility uses when
+     * attempting to guess as it loads non-dumpfile formatted files.
+     */
+    QTAILQ_FOREACH(block, &guest_phys_blocks->head, next) {
+        if (block->target_start < lowest_addr) {
+            lowest_addr = block->target_start;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (arm_feature(env, ARM_FEATURE_AARCH64)) {
+        info->d_machine = EM_AARCH64;
+        info->d_class = ELFCLASS64;
+        info->page_size = (1 << 16); /* aarch64 max pagesize */
+        if (lowest_addr != ULLONG_MAX) {
+            info->phys_base = lowest_addr;
+        }
+    } else {
+        info->d_machine = EM_ARM;
+        info->d_class = ELFCLASS32;
+        info->page_size = (1 << 12);
+        if (lowest_addr < UINT_MAX) {
+            info->phys_base = lowest_addr;
+        }
+    }
+
+    /* We assume the relevant endianness is that of EL1; this is right
+     * for kernels, but might give the wrong answer if you're trying to
+     * dump a hypervisor that happens to be running an opposite-endian
+     * kernel.
+     */
+    info->d_endian = (env->cp15.sctlr_el[1] & SCTLR_EE) != 0
+                     ? ELFDATA2MSB : ELFDATA2LSB;
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+ssize_t cpu_get_note_size(int class, int machine, int nr_cpus)
+{
+    size_t note_size;
+
+    if (class == ELFCLASS64) {
+        note_size = sizeof(struct aarch64_note);
+    } else {
+        note_size = sizeof(struct arm_note);
+    }
+
+    return note_size * nr_cpus;
+}
diff --git a/target-arm/cpu-qom.h b/target-arm/cpu-qom.h
index 25fb1ce..5bd9b7b 100644
--- a/target-arm/cpu-qom.h
+++ b/target-arm/cpu-qom.h
@@ -221,6 +221,11 @@ hwaddr arm_cpu_get_phys_page_debug(CPUState *cpu, vaddr addr);
 int arm_cpu_gdb_read_register(CPUState *cpu, uint8_t *buf, int reg);
 int arm_cpu_gdb_write_register(CPUState *cpu, uint8_t *buf, int reg);
 
+int arm_cpu_write_elf64_note(WriteCoreDumpFunction f, CPUState *cs,
+                             int cpuid, void *opaque);
+int arm_cpu_write_elf32_note(WriteCoreDumpFunction f, CPUState *cs,
+                             int cpuid, void *opaque);
+
 /* Callback functions for the generic timer's timers. */
 void arm_gt_ptimer_cb(void *opaque);
 void arm_gt_vtimer_cb(void *opaque);
diff --git a/target-arm/cpu.c b/target-arm/cpu.c
index 775e0a4..450ef78 100644
--- a/target-arm/cpu.c
+++ b/target-arm/cpu.c
@@ -1421,6 +1421,8 @@ static void arm_cpu_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
     cc->get_phys_page_debug = arm_cpu_get_phys_page_debug;
     cc->vmsd = &vmstate_arm_cpu;
     cc->virtio_is_big_endian = arm_cpu_is_big_endian;
+    cc->write_elf64_note = arm_cpu_write_elf64_note;
+    cc->write_elf32_note = arm_cpu_write_elf32_note;
 #endif
     cc->gdb_num_core_regs = 26;
     cc->gdb_core_xml_file = "arm-core.xml";
-- 
1.9.1

  parent reply	other threads:[~2016-01-15 15:24 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-01-15 15:23 [Qemu-devel] [PULL 00/11] target-arm queue Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:23 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 01/11] target-arm: Use the right MMU index in arm_regime_using_lpae_format Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:23 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 02/11] xlnx-zynqmp: Add support for high DDR memory regions Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:23 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 03/11] qapi-schema: dump-guest-memory: Improve text Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:23 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 04/11] dump: qemunotes aren't commonly needed Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:23 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 05/11] dump: allow target to set the page size Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:24 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 06/11] dump: allow target to set the physical base Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:24 ` Peter Maydell [this message]
2016-01-15 15:24 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 08/11] target-arm: dump-guest-memory: add prfpreg notes for aarch64 Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:24 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 09/11] elf: add arm note types Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:24 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 10/11] target-arm: dump-guest-memory: add vfp notes for arm Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 15:24 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 11/11] ARM: virt: Don't generate RTC ACPI device when using UEFI Peter Maydell
2016-01-15 17:01 ` [Qemu-devel] [PULL 00/11] target-arm queue Peter Maydell

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