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From: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp>
To: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-nilfs <linux-nilfs@vger.kernel.org>,
	Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp>,
	Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH 2/4] fs, nilfs: convert nilfs_root.count from atomic_t to refcount_t
Date: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 21:52:13 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1509367935-3086-3-git-send-email-konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1509367935-3086-1-git-send-email-konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp>

From: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable nilfs_root.count is used as pure reference counter.
Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations.

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp>
---
 fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c | 8 ++++----
 fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h | 5 +++--
 2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c b/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c
index 2dd75bf..afebb50 100644
--- a/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.c
@@ -737,7 +737,7 @@ struct nilfs_root *nilfs_lookup_root(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, __u64 cno)
 		} else if (cno > root->cno) {
 			n = n->rb_right;
 		} else {
-			atomic_inc(&root->count);
+			refcount_inc(&root->count);
 			spin_unlock(&nilfs->ns_cptree_lock);
 			return root;
 		}
@@ -776,7 +776,7 @@ struct nilfs_root *
 		} else if (cno > root->cno) {
 			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
 		} else {
-			atomic_inc(&root->count);
+			refcount_inc(&root->count);
 			spin_unlock(&nilfs->ns_cptree_lock);
 			kfree(new);
 			return root;
@@ -786,7 +786,7 @@ struct nilfs_root *
 	new->cno = cno;
 	new->ifile = NULL;
 	new->nilfs = nilfs;
-	atomic_set(&new->count, 1);
+	refcount_set(&new->count, 1);
 	atomic64_set(&new->inodes_count, 0);
 	atomic64_set(&new->blocks_count, 0);
 
@@ -806,7 +806,7 @@ struct nilfs_root *
 
 void nilfs_put_root(struct nilfs_root *root)
 {
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&root->count)) {
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&root->count)) {
 		struct the_nilfs *nilfs = root->nilfs;
 
 		nilfs_sysfs_delete_snapshot_group(root);
diff --git a/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h b/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h
index b305c6f..883d732 100644
--- a/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h
+++ b/fs/nilfs2/the_nilfs.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
 #include <linux/backing-dev.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
 
 struct nilfs_sc_info;
 struct nilfs_sysfs_dev_subgroups;
@@ -246,7 +247,7 @@ struct nilfs_root {
 	__u64 cno;
 	struct rb_node rb_node;
 
-	atomic_t count;
+	refcount_t count;
 	struct the_nilfs *nilfs;
 	struct inode *ifile;
 
@@ -299,7 +300,7 @@ struct nilfs_root *nilfs_find_or_create_root(struct the_nilfs *nilfs,
 
 static inline void nilfs_get_root(struct nilfs_root *root)
 {
-	atomic_inc(&root->count);
+	refcount_inc(&root->count);
 }
 
 static inline int nilfs_valid_fs(struct the_nilfs *nilfs)
-- 
1.8.3.1

  parent reply	other threads:[~2017-10-30 12:57 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-10-30 12:52 [PATCH 0/4] nilfs2 updates Ryusuke Konishi
2017-10-30 12:52 ` [PATCH 1/4] nilfs2: Fix race condition that causes file system corruption Ryusuke Konishi
2017-10-30 12:52 ` Ryusuke Konishi [this message]
2017-10-30 12:52 ` [PATCH 3/4] nilfs2: align block comments of nilfs_sufile_truncate_range() at * Ryusuke Konishi
2017-10-30 12:52 ` [PATCH 4/4] nilfs2: use octal for unreadable permission macro Ryusuke Konishi

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