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From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
To: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com, Trond Myklebust <trondmy@hammerspace.com>,
	Anna Schumaker <anna.schumaker@netapp.com>,
	Steve French <sfrench@samba.org>,
	Dominique Martinet <asmadeus@codewreck.org>,
	Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>,
	Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Omar Sandoval <osandov@osandov.com>,
	JeffleXu <jefflexu@linux.alibaba.com>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	linux-afs@lists.infradead.org, linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org, ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org,
	v9fs-developer@lists.sourceforge.net,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v2 44/67] cachefiles: Implement key to filename encoding
Date: Thu, 09 Dec 2021 17:03:25 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <163906940529.143852.17352132319136117053.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <163906878733.143852.5604115678965006622.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk>

Implement a function to encode a binary cookie key as something that can be
used as a filename.  Four options are considered:

 (1) All printable chars with no '/' characters.  Prepend a 'D' to indicate
     the encoding but otherwise use as-is.

 (2) Appears to be an array of __be32.  Encode as 'S' plus a list of
     hex-encoded 32-bit ints separated by commas.  If a number is 0, it is
     rendered as "" instead of "0".

 (3) Appears to be an array of __le32.  Encoded as (2) but with a 'T'
     encoding prefix.

 (4) Encoded as base64 with an 'E' prefix plus a second char indicating how
     much padding is involved.  A non-standard base64 encoding is used
     because '/' cannot be used in the encoded form.

If (1) is not possible, whichever of (2), (3) or (4) produces the shortest
string is selected (hex-encoding a number may be less dense than base64
encoding it).

Note that the prefix characters have to be selected from the set [DEIJST@]
lest cachefilesd remove the files because it recognise the name.

Changes
=======
ver #2:
 - Fix a short allocation that didn't allow for a string terminator[1]

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-cachefs@redhat.com
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/bcefb8f2-576a-b3fc-cc29-89808ebfd7c1@linux.alibaba.com/ [1]
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/163819640393.215744.15212364106412961104.stgit@warthog.procyon.org.uk/ # v1
---

 fs/cachefiles/Makefile   |    1 
 fs/cachefiles/internal.h |    5 ++
 fs/cachefiles/key.c      |  138 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 144 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 fs/cachefiles/key.c

diff --git a/fs/cachefiles/Makefile b/fs/cachefiles/Makefile
index d67210ece9cd..6f025940a65c 100644
--- a/fs/cachefiles/Makefile
+++ b/fs/cachefiles/Makefile
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ cachefiles-y := \
 	cache.o \
 	daemon.o \
 	interface.o \
+	key.o \
 	main.o \
 	namei.o \
 	security.o \
diff --git a/fs/cachefiles/internal.h b/fs/cachefiles/internal.h
index ff378171c71d..28e386b5b1f3 100644
--- a/fs/cachefiles/internal.h
+++ b/fs/cachefiles/internal.h
@@ -173,6 +173,11 @@ extern struct cachefiles_object *cachefiles_grab_object(struct cachefiles_object
 extern void cachefiles_put_object(struct cachefiles_object *object,
 				  enum cachefiles_obj_ref_trace why);
 
+/*
+ * key.c
+ */
+extern bool cachefiles_cook_key(struct cachefiles_object *object);
+
 /*
  * main.c
  */
diff --git a/fs/cachefiles/key.c b/fs/cachefiles/key.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bf935e25bdbe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/cachefiles/key.c
@@ -0,0 +1,138 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/* Key to pathname encoder
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ */
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include "internal.h"
+
+static const char cachefiles_charmap[64] =
+	"0123456789"			/* 0 - 9 */
+	"abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"	/* 10 - 35 */
+	"ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"	/* 36 - 61 */
+	"_-"				/* 62 - 63 */
+	;
+
+static const char cachefiles_filecharmap[256] = {
+	/* we skip space and tab and control chars */
+	[33 ... 46] = 1,		/* '!' -> '.' */
+	/* we skip '/' as it's significant to pathwalk */
+	[48 ... 127] = 1,		/* '0' -> '~' */
+};
+
+static inline unsigned int how_many_hex_digits(unsigned int x)
+{
+	return x ? round_up(ilog2(x) + 1, 4) / 4 : 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * turn the raw key into something cooked
+ * - the key may be up to NAME_MAX in length (including the length word)
+ *   - "base64" encode the strange keys, mapping 3 bytes of raw to four of
+ *     cooked
+ *   - need to cut the cooked key into 252 char lengths (189 raw bytes)
+ */
+bool cachefiles_cook_key(struct cachefiles_object *object)
+{
+	const u8 *key = fscache_get_key(object->cookie), *kend;
+	unsigned char ch;
+	unsigned int acc, i, n, nle, nbe, keylen = object->cookie->key_len;
+	unsigned int b64len, len, print, pad;
+	char *name, sep;
+
+	_enter(",%u,%*phN", keylen, keylen, key);
+
+	BUG_ON(keylen > NAME_MAX - 3);
+
+	print = 1;
+	for (i = 0; i < keylen; i++) {
+		ch = key[i];
+		print &= cachefiles_filecharmap[ch];
+	}
+
+	/* If the path is usable ASCII, then we render it directly */
+	if (print) {
+		len = 1 + keylen;
+		name = kmalloc(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!name)
+			return false;
+
+		name[0] = 'D'; /* Data object type, string encoding */
+		memcpy(name + 1, key, keylen);
+		goto success;
+	}
+
+	/* See if it makes sense to encode it as "hex,hex,hex" for each 32-bit
+	 * chunk.  We rely on the key having been padded out to a whole number
+	 * of 32-bit words.
+	 */
+	n = round_up(keylen, 4);
+	nbe = nle = 0;
+	for (i = 0; i < n; i += 4) {
+		u32 be = be32_to_cpu(*(__be32 *)(key + i));
+		u32 le = le32_to_cpu(*(__le32 *)(key + i));
+
+		nbe += 1 + how_many_hex_digits(be);
+		nle += 1 + how_many_hex_digits(le);
+	}
+
+	b64len = DIV_ROUND_UP(keylen, 3);
+	pad = b64len * 3 - keylen;
+	b64len = 2 + b64len * 4; /* Length if we base64-encode it */
+	_debug("len=%u nbe=%u nle=%u b64=%u", keylen, nbe, nle, b64len);
+	if (nbe < b64len || nle < b64len) {
+		unsigned int nlen = min(nbe, nle) + 1;
+		name = kmalloc(nlen, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!name)
+			return false;
+		sep = (nbe <= nle) ? 'S' : 'T'; /* Encoding indicator */
+		len = 0;
+		for (i = 0; i < n; i += 4) {
+			u32 x;
+			if (nbe <= nle)
+				x = be32_to_cpu(*(__be32 *)(key + i));
+			else
+				x = le32_to_cpu(*(__le32 *)(key + i));
+			name[len++] = sep;
+			if (x != 0)
+				len += snprintf(name + len, nlen - len, "%x", x);
+			sep = ',';
+		}
+		goto success;
+	}
+
+	/* We need to base64-encode it */
+	name = kmalloc(b64len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!name)
+		return false;
+
+	name[0] = 'E';
+	name[1] = '0' + pad;
+	len = 2;
+	kend = key + keylen;
+	do {
+		acc  = *key++;
+		if (key < kend) {
+			acc |= *key++ << 8;
+			if (key < kend)
+				acc |= *key++ << 16;
+		}
+
+		name[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
+		acc >>= 6;
+		name[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
+		acc >>= 6;
+		name[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
+		acc >>= 6;
+		name[len++] = cachefiles_charmap[acc & 63];
+	} while (key < kend);
+
+success:
+	name[len] = 0;
+	object->d_name = name;
+	object->d_name_len = len;
+	_leave(" = %s", object->d_name);
+	return true;
+}



  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-12-09 17:04 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 88+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-12-09 16:53 [PATCH v2 00/67] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite David Howells
2021-12-09 16:53 ` [PATCH v2 01/67] fscache, cachefiles: Disable configuration David Howells
2021-12-09 16:53 ` [PATCH v2 02/67] cachefiles: Delete the cachefiles driver pending rewrite David Howells
2021-12-09 16:54 ` [PATCH v2 03/67] fscache: Remove the contents of the fscache driver, " David Howells
2021-12-09 16:54 ` [PATCH v2 04/67] netfs: Display the netfs inode number in the netfs_read tracepoint David Howells
2021-12-09 16:54 ` [PATCH v2 05/67] netfs: Pass a flag to ->prepare_write() to say if there's no alloc'd space David Howells
2021-12-09 16:54 ` [PATCH v2 06/67] fscache: Introduce new driver David Howells
2021-12-09 16:54 ` [PATCH v2 07/67] fscache: Implement a hash function David Howells
2021-12-09 17:12   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-12-09 21:57   ` David Howells
2021-12-09 22:07     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-12-10 14:35     ` David Howells
2021-12-10 14:41     ` David Howells
2021-12-10 17:33       ` Linus Torvalds
2021-12-09 16:54 ` [PATCH v2 08/67] fscache: Implement cache registration David Howells
2021-12-14 18:36   ` Jeff Layton
2021-12-09 16:55 ` [PATCH v2 09/67] fscache: Implement volume registration David Howells
2021-12-09 17:32   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-12-14 18:52   ` Jeff Layton
2021-12-14 19:57   ` David Howells
2021-12-09 16:55 ` [PATCH v2 10/67] fscache: Implement cookie registration David Howells
2021-12-09 17:21   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-12-09 16:55 ` [PATCH v2 11/67] fscache: Implement cache-level access helpers David Howells
2021-12-09 16:55 ` [PATCH v2 12/67] fscache: Implement volume-level " David Howells
2021-12-09 16:55 ` [PATCH v2 13/67] fscache: Implement cookie-level " David Howells
2021-12-09 16:56 ` [PATCH v2 14/67] fscache: Implement functions add/remove a cache David Howells
2021-12-09 16:56 ` [PATCH v2 15/67] fscache: Provide and use cache methods to lookup/create/free a volume David Howells
2021-12-09 16:56 ` [PATCH v2 16/67] fscache: Add a function for a cache backend to note an I/O error David Howells
2021-12-09 16:57 ` [PATCH v2 17/67] fscache: Implement simple cookie state machine David Howells
2021-12-09 16:57 ` [PATCH v2 18/67] fscache: Implement cookie user counting and resource pinning David Howells
2021-12-09 16:58 ` [PATCH v2 19/67] fscache: Implement cookie invalidation David Howells
2021-12-09 16:58 ` [PATCH v2 20/67] fscache: Provide a means to begin an operation David Howells
2021-12-09 16:58 ` [PATCH v2 21/67] fscache: Count data storage objects in a cache David Howells
2021-12-09 16:58 ` [PATCH v2 22/67] fscache: Provide read/write stat counters for the cache David Howells
2021-12-09 16:58 ` [PATCH v2 23/67] fscache: Provide a function to let the netfs update its coherency data David Howells
2021-12-09 16:59 ` [PATCH v2 24/67] netfs: Pass more information on how to deal with a hole in the cache David Howells
2021-12-09 16:59 ` [PATCH v2 25/67] fscache: Implement raw I/O interface David Howells
2021-12-09 16:59 ` [PATCH v2 26/67] fscache: Implement higher-level write " David Howells
2021-12-09 16:59 ` [PATCH v2 27/67] vfs, fscache: Implement pinning of cache usage for writeback David Howells
2021-12-09 17:00 ` [PATCH v2 28/67] fscache: Provide a function to note the release of a page David Howells
2021-12-09 17:00 ` [PATCH v2 29/67] fscache: Provide a function to resize a cookie David Howells
2021-12-09 17:00 ` [PATCH v2 30/67] cachefiles: Introduce rewritten driver David Howells
2021-12-09 17:00 ` [PATCH v2 31/67] cachefiles: Define structs David Howells
2021-12-09 17:00 ` [PATCH v2 32/67] cachefiles: Add some error injection support David Howells
2021-12-09 17:01 ` [PATCH v2 33/67] cachefiles: Add a couple of tracepoints for logging errors David Howells
2021-12-09 17:01 ` [PATCH v2 34/67] cachefiles: Add cache error reporting macro David Howells
2021-12-09 17:01 ` [PATCH v2 35/67] cachefiles: Add security derivation David Howells
2021-12-09 17:01 ` [PATCH v2 36/67] cachefiles: Register a miscdev and parse commands over it David Howells
2021-12-09 17:01 ` [PATCH v2 37/67] cachefiles: Provide a function to check how much space there is David Howells
2021-12-09 17:01 ` [PATCH v2 38/67] vfs, cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-12-09 17:02 ` [PATCH v2 39/67] cachefiles: Implement a function to get/create a directory in the cache David Howells
2021-12-09 17:02 ` [PATCH v2 40/67] cachefiles: Implement cache registration and withdrawal David Howells
2021-12-09 17:02 ` [PATCH v2 41/67] cachefiles: Implement volume support David Howells
2021-12-09 17:03 ` [PATCH v2 42/67] cachefiles: Add tracepoints for calls to the VFS David Howells
2021-12-09 17:03 ` [PATCH v2 43/67] cachefiles: Implement object lifecycle funcs David Howells
2021-12-09 17:03 ` David Howells [this message]
2021-12-09 17:03 ` [PATCH v2 45/67] cachefiles: Implement metadata/coherency data storage in xattrs David Howells
2021-12-09 17:03 ` [PATCH v2 46/67] cachefiles: Mark a backing file in use with an inode flag David Howells
2021-12-09 17:04 ` [PATCH v2 47/67] cachefiles: Implement culling daemon commands David Howells
2021-12-09 17:04 ` [PATCH v2 48/67] cachefiles: Implement backing file wrangling David Howells
2021-12-09 17:05 ` [PATCH v2 49/67] cachefiles: Implement begin and end I/O operation David Howells
2021-12-09 17:05 ` [PATCH v2 50/67] cachefiles: Implement cookie resize for truncate David Howells
2021-12-09 17:05 ` [PATCH v2 51/67] cachefiles: Implement the I/O routines David Howells
2021-12-09 17:06 ` [PATCH v2 52/67] cachefiles: Allow cachefiles to actually function David Howells
2021-12-09 17:06 ` [PATCH v2 53/67] fscache, cachefiles: Display stats of no-space events David Howells
2021-12-09 17:06 ` [PATCH v2 54/67] fscache, cachefiles: Display stat of culling events David Howells
2021-12-09 17:07 ` [PATCH v2 55/67] afs: Handle len being extending over page end in write_begin/write_end David Howells
2021-12-09 17:08 ` [PATCH v2 56/67] afs: Fix afs_write_end() to handle len > page size David Howells
2021-12-09 17:08 ` [PATCH v2 57/67] afs: Convert afs to use the new fscache API David Howells
2021-12-09 17:08 ` [PATCH v2 58/67] afs: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-12-09 17:08 ` [PATCH v2 59/67] afs: Skip truncation on the server of data we haven't written yet David Howells
2021-12-09 17:09 ` [PATCH v2 60/67] 9p: Use fscache indexing rewrite and reenable caching David Howells
2021-12-09 17:09 ` [PATCH v2 61/67] 9p: Copy local writes to the cache when writing to the server David Howells
2021-12-09 17:09 ` [PATCH v2 62/67] nfs: Convert to new fscache volume/cookie API David Howells
2021-12-11 13:22   ` David Wysochanski
2021-12-11 13:37   ` David Howells
2021-12-09 17:10 ` [PATCH v2 63/67] nfs: Implement cache I/O by accessing the cache directly David Howells
2021-12-09 17:10 ` [PATCH v2 64/67] cifs: Support fscache indexing rewrite (untested) David Howells
2021-12-09 17:10 ` [PATCH v2 65/67] ceph: conversion to new fscache API David Howells
2021-12-09 17:10 ` [PATCH v2 66/67] ceph: add fscache writeback support David Howells
2021-12-09 17:11 ` [PATCH v2 67/67] fscache: Rewrite documentation David Howells
2021-12-10 18:38 ` [PATCH v2 00/67] fscache, cachefiles: Rewrite David Wysochanski
2021-12-11 13:44   ` David Wysochanski
2021-12-13 15:41   ` [PATCH] fscache: Need to go round again after processing LRU_DISCARDING state David Howells
2021-12-13 21:05     ` David Wysochanski
2021-12-13 16:22   ` David Howells
2021-12-13 20:03   ` David Howells
2021-12-13 22:39   ` David Howells

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