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From: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
To: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>, "Zhang, Xiantao" <xiantao.zhang@intel.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peter@programming.kicks-ass.net>
Subject: Re: KVM: x86: use smp_send_reschedule in kvm_vcpu_kick
Date: Mon, 9 Mar 2009 20:23:50 -0300	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20090309232350.GA6837@amt.cnet> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1236596946.8389.340.camel@laptop>

On Mon, Mar 09, 2009 at 12:09:06PM +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Mon, 2009-03-09 at 11:58 +0100, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> > * Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com> wrote:
> > 
> > > Looks good.  The only worry I have is that we depend on 
> > > smp_reschedule_interrupt() being a no-op.  I guess that's a 
> > > reasonable assumption though.
> > 
> > It's a reasonable current assumption - but it might change in 
> > the future - so please also put it into the changelog that KVM 
> > will revert it or fix it differently if the scheduler grows some 
> > functionality there.
> 
> Alternatively, do something like the below, then anybody poking at that
> code will know to prod the KVM folks when they change anything.
> 
> [ I suspect other kvm arches will need to a similar comment ]

OK, reworked patch:
- change ia64 in addition to x86
- add comment on smp send reschedule handlers about KVM's usage

Untested on IA64.

KVM: use smp_send_reschedule in kvm_vcpu_kick

KVM uses a function call IPI to cause the exit of a guest running on a
physical cpu. For virtual interrupt notification there is no need to
wait on IPI receival, or to execute any function.

This is exactly what the reschedule IPI does, without the overhead
of function IPI. So use it instead of smp_call_function_single in
kvm_vcpu_kick.

Also change the "guest_mode" variable to a bit in vcpu->requests, and
use that to collapse multiple IPI's that would be issued between the
first one and zeroing of guest mode.

This allows kvm_vcpu_kick to called with interrupts disabled.

Signed-off-by: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>

diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/irq_ia64.c b/arch/ia64/kernel/irq_ia64.c
index 28d3d48..0e8242d 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/irq_ia64.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/irq_ia64.c
@@ -607,6 +607,9 @@ static struct irqaction ipi_irqaction = {
 	.name =		"IPI"
 };
 
+/*
+ * KVM uses this interrupt to force a cpu out of guest mode
+ */
 static struct irqaction resched_irqaction = {
 	.handler =	dummy_handler,
 	.flags =	IRQF_DISABLED,
diff --git a/arch/ia64/kvm/kvm-ia64.c b/arch/ia64/kvm/kvm-ia64.c
index e1984cb..080dcdb 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kvm/kvm-ia64.c
+++ b/arch/ia64/kvm/kvm-ia64.c
@@ -633,7 +633,7 @@ again:
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	vcpu->guest_mode = 1;
+	clear_bit(KVM_REQ_KICK, &vcpu->requests);
 	kvm_guest_enter();
 	down_read(&vcpu->kvm->slots_lock);
 	r = vti_vcpu_run(vcpu, kvm_run);
@@ -645,7 +645,7 @@ again:
 	}
 
 	vcpu->arch.launched = 1;
-	vcpu->guest_mode = 0;
+	set_bit(KVM_REQ_KICK, &vcpu->requests);
 	local_irq_enable();
 
 	/*
@@ -1802,24 +1802,17 @@ void kvm_arch_hardware_unsetup(void)
 {
 }
 
-static void vcpu_kick_intr(void *info)
-{
-#ifdef DEBUG
-	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = (struct kvm_vcpu *)info;
-	printk(KERN_DEBUG"vcpu_kick_intr %p \n", vcpu);
-#endif
-}
-
 void kvm_vcpu_kick(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 {
-	int ipi_pcpu = vcpu->cpu;
-	int cpu = get_cpu();
+	int me = get_cpu();
+	int cpu = vcpu->cpu;
 
 	if (waitqueue_active(&vcpu->wq))
 		wake_up_interruptible(&vcpu->wq);
 
-	if (vcpu->guest_mode && cpu != ipi_pcpu)
-		smp_call_function_single(ipi_pcpu, vcpu_kick_intr, vcpu, 0);
+	if (cpu != me && (unsigned) cpu < nr_cpu_ids && cpu_online(cpu))
+		if (!test_and_set_bit(KVM_REQ_KICK, &vcpu->requests))
+			smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
 	put_cpu();
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smp.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smp.c
index e6faa33..ca4fa7f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smp.c
@@ -173,6 +173,9 @@ void smp_reschedule_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	ack_APIC_irq();
 	inc_irq_stat(irq_resched_count);
+	/*
+	 * KVM uses this interrupt to force a cpu out of guest mode
+	 */
 }
 
 void smp_call_function_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index b556b6a..c68168c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -3133,6 +3133,9 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *kvm_run)
 
 	local_irq_disable();
 
+	clear_bit(KVM_REQ_KICK, &vcpu->requests);
+	smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
+
 	if (vcpu->requests || need_resched() || signal_pending(current)) {
 		local_irq_enable();
 		preempt_enable();
@@ -3140,13 +3143,6 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *kvm_run)
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	vcpu->guest_mode = 1;
-	/*
-	 * Make sure that guest_mode assignment won't happen after
-	 * testing the pending IRQ vector bitmap.
-	 */
-	smp_wmb();
-
 	if (vcpu->arch.exception.pending)
 		__queue_exception(vcpu);
 	else if (irqchip_in_kernel(vcpu->kvm))
@@ -3188,7 +3184,7 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *kvm_run)
 	set_debugreg(vcpu->arch.host_dr6, 6);
 	set_debugreg(vcpu->arch.host_dr7, 7);
 
-	vcpu->guest_mode = 0;
+	set_bit(KVM_REQ_KICK, &vcpu->requests);
 	local_irq_enable();
 
 	++vcpu->stat.exits;
@@ -4429,28 +4425,19 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_runnable(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	       || vcpu->arch.nmi_pending;
 }
 
-static void vcpu_kick_intr(void *info)
-{
-#ifdef DEBUG
-	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = (struct kvm_vcpu *)info;
-	printk(KERN_DEBUG "vcpu_kick_intr %p \n", vcpu);
-#endif
-}
-
 void kvm_vcpu_kick(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 {
-	int ipi_pcpu = vcpu->cpu;
-	int cpu = get_cpu();
+	int me = get_cpu();
+	int cpu = vcpu->cpu;
 
 	if (waitqueue_active(&vcpu->wq)) {
 		wake_up_interruptible(&vcpu->wq);
 		++vcpu->stat.halt_wakeup;
 	}
-	/*
-	 * We may be called synchronously with irqs disabled in guest mode,
-	 * So need not to call smp_call_function_single() in that case.
-	 */
-	if (vcpu->guest_mode && vcpu->cpu != cpu)
-		smp_call_function_single(ipi_pcpu, vcpu_kick_intr, vcpu, 0);
+
+	if (cpu != me && (unsigned)cpu < nr_cpu_ids && cpu_online(cpu))
+		if (!test_and_set_bit(KVM_REQ_KICK, &vcpu->requests))
+			smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
+
 	put_cpu();
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
index 3b91ec9..4d7da7d 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
 #define KVM_REQ_UNHALT             6
 #define KVM_REQ_MMU_SYNC           7
 #define KVM_REQ_KVMCLOCK_UPDATE    8
+#define KVM_REQ_KICK               9
 
 #define KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID	0
 
@@ -72,7 +73,6 @@ struct kvm_vcpu {
 	struct mutex mutex;
 	int   cpu;
 	struct kvm_run *run;
-	int guest_mode;
 	unsigned long requests;
 	unsigned long guest_debug;
 	int fpu_active;

  reply	other threads:[~2009-03-09 23:25 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2009-03-03  0:14 Marcelo Tosatti
2009-03-03  7:53 ` Zhang, Xiantao
2009-03-03 13:25   ` Marcelo Tosatti
2009-03-03 13:25     ` Gleb Natapov
2009-03-03 13:56       ` Marcelo Tosatti
2009-03-09 10:17 ` KVM: " Avi Kivity
2009-03-09 10:58   ` Ingo Molnar
2009-03-09 11:09     ` Peter Zijlstra
2009-03-09 23:23       ` Marcelo Tosatti [this message]
2009-03-10  8:01         ` Avi Kivity
2009-03-12  2:31           ` Zhang, Xiantao
2009-03-12  7:06             ` Avi Kivity
2009-03-12 11:04             ` Gleb Natapov
2009-03-13  2:15               ` Zhang, Xiantao
2009-03-19  7:38                 ` Gleb Natapov
2009-03-19  7:56                   ` Zhang, Xiantao
2009-03-19  8:11                     ` Gleb Natapov

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