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* [PATCH v4 -tip 0/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace
@ 2012-12-26  2:52 Hiraku Toyooka
  2012-12-26  2:52 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 1/3] tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the original tracer's name Hiraku Toyooka
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Hiraku Toyooka @ 2012-12-26  2:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rostedt; +Cc: masami.hiramatsu.pt, linux-kernel, yrl.pp-manager.tt

Hi, Steven,

I updated the patch which replaces static variable 'old_tracer'.

v3->v4:
 [1/3] tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the
       original tracer's name
        - changed to comparison between pointers instead of strcmp

(v3: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/19/35)

---

Hiraku Toyooka (3):
      tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the original tracer's name
      tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace
      tracing: add description of snapshot to Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt


 Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt |   83 +++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/ftrace_event.h   |    3 +
 kernel/trace/Kconfig           |   10 +++
 kernel/trace/trace.c           |  156 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 kernel/trace/trace.h           |    1 
 5 files changed, 228 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

-- 
Hiraku TOYOOKA
Linux Technology Center
Yokohama Research Laboratory
Hitachi Ltd.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 -tip 1/3] tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the original tracer's name
  2012-12-26  2:52 [PATCH v4 -tip 0/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
@ 2012-12-26  2:52 ` Hiraku Toyooka
  2013-02-03 19:23   ` [tip:perf/core] tracing: Replace static old_tracer check of tracer name tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
  2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 2/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
  2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 3/3] tracing: add description of snapshot to Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt Hiraku Toyooka
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Hiraku Toyooka @ 2012-12-26  2:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rostedt
  Cc: masami.hiramatsu.pt, Frederic Weisbecker, Ingo Molnar,
	linux-kernel, yrl.pp-manager.tt

Currently the trace buffer read functions use a static variable
"old_tracer" for detecting if the current tracer changes. This
was suitable for a single trace file ("trace"), but to add a
snapshot feature that will use the same function for its file,
a check against a static variable is not sufficient.

To use the output functions for two different files, instead of
storing the current tracer in a static variable, as the trace
iterator descriptor contains a pointer to the original current
tracer's name, that pointer can now be used to check if the
current tracer has changed between different reads of the trace
file.

Signed-off-by: Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
 kernel/trace/trace.c |   22 +++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index a8ce008..1787304 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -1948,18 +1948,20 @@ void tracing_iter_reset(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu)
 static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
 {
 	struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private;
-	static struct tracer *old_tracer;
 	int cpu_file = iter->cpu_file;
 	void *p = NULL;
 	loff_t l = 0;
 	int cpu;
 
-	/* copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around */
+	/*
+	 * copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around.
+	 * iter->trace is a copy of current_trace, the pointer to the
+	 * name may be used instead of a strcmp(), as iter->trace->name
+	 * will point to the same string as current_trace->name.
+	 */
 	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
-	if (unlikely(old_tracer != current_trace && current_trace)) {
-		old_tracer = current_trace;
+	if (unlikely(current_trace && iter->trace->name != current_trace->name))
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
-	}
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	atomic_inc(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
@@ -3481,7 +3483,6 @@ tracing_read_pipe(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
 		  size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
 {
 	struct trace_iterator *iter = filp->private_data;
-	static struct tracer *old_tracer;
 	ssize_t sret;
 
 	/* return any leftover data */
@@ -3493,10 +3494,8 @@ tracing_read_pipe(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
 
 	/* copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around */
 	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
-	if (unlikely(old_tracer != current_trace && current_trace)) {
-		old_tracer = current_trace;
+	if (unlikely(current_trace && iter->trace->name != current_trace->name))
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
-	}
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	/*
@@ -3652,7 +3651,6 @@ static ssize_t tracing_splice_read_pipe(struct file *filp,
 		.ops		= &tracing_pipe_buf_ops,
 		.spd_release	= tracing_spd_release_pipe,
 	};
-	static struct tracer *old_tracer;
 	ssize_t ret;
 	size_t rem;
 	unsigned int i;
@@ -3662,10 +3660,8 @@ static ssize_t tracing_splice_read_pipe(struct file *filp,
 
 	/* copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around */
 	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
-	if (unlikely(old_tracer != current_trace && current_trace)) {
-		old_tracer = current_trace;
+	if (unlikely(current_trace && iter->trace->name != current_trace->name))
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
-	}
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	mutex_lock(&iter->mutex);


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 -tip 2/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace
  2012-12-26  2:52 [PATCH v4 -tip 0/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
  2012-12-26  2:52 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 1/3] tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the original tracer's name Hiraku Toyooka
@ 2012-12-26  2:53 ` Hiraku Toyooka
  2013-02-03 19:25   ` [tip:perf/core] tracing: Make " tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
  2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 3/3] tracing: add description of snapshot to Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt Hiraku Toyooka
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Hiraku Toyooka @ 2012-12-26  2:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rostedt
  Cc: Frederic Weisbecker, David Sharp, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	yrl.pp-manager.tt, masami.hiramatsu.pt, Jiri Olsa

Ftrace has a snapshot feature available from kernel space and
latency tracers (e.g. irqsoff) are using it. This patch enables
user applictions to take a snapshot via debugfs.

Add "snapshot" debugfs file in "tracing" directory.

  snapshot:
    This is used to take a snapshot and to read the output of the
    snapshot.

     # echo 1 > snapshot

    This will allocate the spare buffer for snapshot (if it is
    not allocated), and take a snapshot.

     # cat snapshot

    This will show contents of the snapshot.

     # echo 0 > snapshot

    This will free the snapshot if it is allocated.

    Any other positive values will clear the snapshot contents if
    the snapshot is allocated, or return EINVAL if it is not allocated.

Signed-off-by: Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: David Sharp <dhsharp@google.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
 include/linux/ftrace_event.h |    3 +
 kernel/trace/Kconfig         |   10 +++
 kernel/trace/trace.c         |  134 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 kernel/trace/trace.h         |    1 
 4 files changed, 136 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ftrace_event.h b/include/linux/ftrace_event.h
index a3d4895..9bebadd 100644
--- a/include/linux/ftrace_event.h
+++ b/include/linux/ftrace_event.h
@@ -84,6 +84,9 @@ struct trace_iterator {
 	long			idx;
 
 	cpumask_var_t		started;
+
+	/* it's true when current open file is snapshot */
+	bool			snapshot;
 };
 
 enum trace_iter_flags {
diff --git a/kernel/trace/Kconfig b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
index 5d89335..82a8ff5 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/Kconfig
+++ b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
@@ -250,6 +250,16 @@ config FTRACE_SYSCALLS
 	help
 	  Basic tracer to catch the syscall entry and exit events.
 
+config TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+	bool "Create a snapshot trace buffer"
+	select TRACER_MAX_TRACE
+	help
+	  Allow tracing users to take snapshot of the current buffer using the
+	  ftrace interface, e.g.:
+
+	      echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/snapshot
+	      cat snapshot
+
 config TRACE_BRANCH_PROFILING
 	bool
 	select GENERIC_TRACER
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 1787304..9522af0 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -709,7 +709,7 @@ update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
 		return;
 
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());
-	if (!current_trace->use_max_tr) {
+	if (!current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
 		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
 		return;
 	}
@@ -739,7 +739,7 @@ update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
 		return;
 
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());
-	if (!current_trace->use_max_tr) {
+	if (!current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
 		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
 		return;
 	}
@@ -1964,7 +1964,11 @@ static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
-	atomic_inc(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
+	if (iter->snapshot && iter->trace->use_max_tr)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		atomic_inc(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
 
 	if (*pos != iter->pos) {
 		iter->ent = NULL;
@@ -2003,7 +2007,11 @@ static void s_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
 {
 	struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private;
 
-	atomic_dec(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
+	if (iter->snapshot && iter->trace->use_max_tr)
+		return;
+
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		atomic_dec(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
 	trace_access_unlock(iter->cpu_file);
 	trace_event_read_unlock();
 }
@@ -2438,7 +2446,7 @@ static const struct seq_operations tracer_seq_ops = {
 };
 
 static struct trace_iterator *
-__tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+__tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, bool snapshot)
 {
 	long cpu_file = (long) inode->i_private;
 	struct trace_iterator *iter;
@@ -2471,10 +2479,11 @@ __tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&iter->started, GFP_KERNEL))
 		goto fail;
 
-	if (current_trace && current_trace->print_max)
+	if ((current_trace && current_trace->print_max) || snapshot)
 		iter->tr = &max_tr;
 	else
 		iter->tr = &global_trace;
+	iter->snapshot = snapshot;
 	iter->pos = -1;
 	mutex_init(&iter->mutex);
 	iter->cpu_file = cpu_file;
@@ -2491,8 +2500,9 @@ __tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	if (trace_clocks[trace_clock_id].in_ns)
 		iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS;
 
-	/* stop the trace while dumping */
-	tracing_stop();
+	/* stop the trace while dumping if we are not opening "snapshot" */
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		tracing_stop();
 
 	if (iter->cpu_file == TRACE_PIPE_ALL_CPU) {
 		for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
@@ -2555,8 +2565,9 @@ static int tracing_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	if (iter->trace && iter->trace->close)
 		iter->trace->close(iter);
 
-	/* reenable tracing if it was previously enabled */
-	tracing_start();
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		/* reenable tracing if it was previously enabled */
+		tracing_start();
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	mutex_destroy(&iter->mutex);
@@ -2584,7 +2595,7 @@ static int tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	}
 
 	if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
-		iter = __tracing_open(inode, file);
+		iter = __tracing_open(inode, file, false);
 		if (IS_ERR(iter))
 			ret = PTR_ERR(iter);
 		else if (trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_LATENCY_FMT)
@@ -3215,7 +3226,7 @@ static int tracing_set_tracer(const char *buf)
 	trace_branch_disable();
 	if (current_trace && current_trace->reset)
 		current_trace->reset(tr);
-	if (current_trace && current_trace->use_max_tr) {
+	if (current_trace && current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
 		/*
 		 * We don't free the ring buffer. instead, resize it because
 		 * The max_tr ring buffer has some state (e.g. ring->clock) and
@@ -3223,6 +3234,8 @@ static int tracing_set_tracer(const char *buf)
 		 */
 		ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, 1, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
 		set_buffer_entries(&max_tr, 1);
+		tracing_reset_online_cpus(&max_tr);
+		current_trace->allocated_snapshot = false;
 	}
 	destroy_trace_option_files(topts);
 
@@ -3235,6 +3248,7 @@ static int tracing_set_tracer(const char *buf)
 						   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
 		if (ret < 0)
 			goto out;
+		t->allocated_snapshot = true;
 	}
 
 	if (t->init) {
@@ -4054,6 +4068,87 @@ static int tracing_clock_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	return single_open(file, tracing_clock_show, NULL);
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+static int tracing_snapshot_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	struct trace_iterator *iter;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
+		iter = __tracing_open(inode, file, true);
+		if (IS_ERR(iter))
+			ret = PTR_ERR(iter);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+tracing_snapshot_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt,
+		       loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	unsigned long val;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = tracing_update_buffers();
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
+
+	if (current_trace && current_trace->use_max_tr) {
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	switch (val) {
+	case 0:
+		if (current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
+			/* free spare buffer */
+			ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, 1,
+					   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+			set_buffer_entries(&max_tr, 1);
+			tracing_reset_online_cpus(&max_tr);
+			current_trace->allocated_snapshot = false;
+		}
+		break;
+	case 1:
+		if (!current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
+			/* allocate spare buffer */
+			ret = resize_buffer_duplicate_size(&max_tr,
+					&global_trace, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+			if (ret < 0)
+				break;
+			current_trace->allocated_snapshot = true;
+		}
+
+		local_irq_disable();
+		/* Now, we're going to swap */
+		update_max_tr(&global_trace, current, smp_processor_id());
+		local_irq_enable();
+		break;
+	default:
+		if (current_trace->allocated_snapshot)
+			tracing_reset_online_cpus(&max_tr);
+		else
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	if (ret >= 0) {
+		*ppos += cnt;
+		ret = cnt;
+	}
+out:
+	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */
+
+
 static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops = {
 	.open		= tracing_open_generic,
 	.read		= tracing_max_lat_read,
@@ -4110,6 +4205,16 @@ static const struct file_operations trace_clock_fops = {
 	.write		= tracing_clock_write,
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+static const struct file_operations snapshot_fops = {
+	.open		= tracing_snapshot_open,
+	.read		= seq_read,
+	.write		= tracing_snapshot_write,
+	.llseek		= tracing_seek,
+	.release	= tracing_release,
+};
+#endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */
+
 struct ftrace_buffer_info {
 	struct trace_array	*tr;
 	void			*spare;
@@ -4901,6 +5006,11 @@ static __init int tracer_init_debugfs(void)
 			&ftrace_update_tot_cnt, &tracing_dyn_info_fops);
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+	trace_create_file("snapshot", 0644, d_tracer,
+			  (void *) TRACE_PIPE_ALL_CPU, &snapshot_fops);
+#endif
+
 	create_trace_options_dir();
 
 	for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu)
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
index c75d798..512afe5 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
@@ -287,6 +287,7 @@ struct tracer {
 	struct tracer_flags	*flags;
 	bool			print_max;
 	bool			use_max_tr;
+	bool			allocated_snapshot;
 };
 
 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 -tip 3/3] tracing: add description of snapshot to Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
  2012-12-26  2:52 [PATCH v4 -tip 0/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
  2012-12-26  2:52 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 1/3] tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the original tracer's name Hiraku Toyooka
  2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 2/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
@ 2012-12-26  2:53 ` Hiraku Toyooka
  2013-02-03 19:26   ` [tip:perf/core] tracing: Add documentation of snapshot utility tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Hiraku Toyooka @ 2012-12-26  2:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: rostedt
  Cc: linux-doc, Frederic Weisbecker, linux-kernel, Ingo Molnar,
	Rob Landley, yrl.pp-manager.tt, masami.hiramatsu.pt

This patch adds snapshot description in ftrace documentation.
This description includes what the snapshot is and how to use it.

Signed-off-by: Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
 Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt |   83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 83 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
index 6f51fed..53d6a3c 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
@@ -1842,6 +1842,89 @@ an error.
  # cat buffer_size_kb
 85
 
+Snapshot
+--------
+CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT makes a generic snapshot feature
+available to all non latency tracers. (Latency tracers which
+record max latency, such as "irqsoff" or "wakeup", can't use
+this feature, since those are already using the snapshot
+mechanism internally.)
+
+Snapshot preserves a current trace buffer at a particular point
+in time without stopping tracing. Ftrace swaps the current
+buffer with a spare buffer, and tracing continues in the new
+current (=previous spare) buffer.
+
+The following debugfs files in "tracing" are related to this
+feature:
+
+  snapshot:
+
+	This is used to take a snapshot and to read the output
+	of the snapshot. Echo 1 into this file to allocate a
+	spare buffer and to take a snapshot (swap), then read
+	the snapshot from this file in the same format as
+	"trace" (described above in the section "The File
+	System"). Both reads snapshot and tracing are executable
+	in parallel. When the spare buffer is allocated, echoing
+	0 frees it, and echoing else (positive) values clear the
+	snapshot contents.
+	More details are shown in the table below.
+
+	status\input  |     0      |     1      |    else    |
+	--------------+------------+------------+------------+
+	not allocated |(do nothing)| alloc+swap |   EINVAL   |
+	--------------+------------+------------+------------+
+	allocated     |    free    |    swap    |   clear    |
+	--------------+------------+------------+------------+
+
+Here is an example of using the snapshot feature.
+
+ # echo 1 > events/sched/enable
+ # echo 1 > snapshot
+ # cat snapshot
+# tracer: nop
+#
+# entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 71/71   #P:8
+#
+#                              _-----=> irqs-off
+#                             / _----=> need-resched
+#                            | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
+#                            || / _--=> preempt-depth
+#                            ||| /     delay
+#           TASK-PID   CPU#  ||||    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
+#              | |       |   ||||       |         |
+          <idle>-0     [005] d...  2440.603828: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper/5 prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=snapshot-test-2 next_pid=2242 next_prio=120
+           sleep-2242  [005] d...  2440.603846: sched_switch: prev_comm=snapshot-test-2 prev_pid=2242 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=kworker/5:1 next_pid=60 next_prio=120
+[...]
+          <idle>-0     [002] d...  2440.707230: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper/2 prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=snapshot-test-2 next_pid=2229 next_prio=120
+
+ # cat trace
+# tracer: nop
+#
+# entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 77/77   #P:8
+#
+#                              _-----=> irqs-off
+#                             / _----=> need-resched
+#                            | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
+#                            || / _--=> preempt-depth
+#                            ||| /     delay
+#           TASK-PID   CPU#  ||||    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
+#              | |       |   ||||       |         |
+          <idle>-0     [007] d...  2440.707395: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper/7 prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=snapshot-test-2 next_pid=2243 next_prio=120
+ snapshot-test-2-2229  [002] d...  2440.707438: sched_switch: prev_comm=snapshot-test-2 prev_pid=2229 prev_prio=120 prev_state=S ==> next_comm=swapper/2 next_pid=0 next_prio=120
+[...]
+
+
+If you try to use this snapshot feature when current tracer is
+one of the latency tracers, you will get the following results.
+
+ # echo wakeup > current_tracer
+ # echo 1 > snapshot
+bash: echo: write error: Device or resource busy
+ # cat snapshot
+cat: snapshot: Device or resource busy
+
 -----------
 
 More details can be found in the source code, in the


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [tip:perf/core] tracing: Replace static old_tracer check of tracer name
  2012-12-26  2:52 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 1/3] tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the original tracer's name Hiraku Toyooka
@ 2013-02-03 19:23   ` tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka @ 2013-02-03 19:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-tip-commits
  Cc: linux-kernel, hpa, mingo, rostedt, hiraku.toyooka.gu, tglx

Commit-ID:  2fd196ec1eab2623096e7fc7e6f3976160392bce
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/2fd196ec1eab2623096e7fc7e6f3976160392bce
Author:     Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
AuthorDate: Wed, 26 Dec 2012 11:52:52 +0900
Committer:  Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
CommitDate: Wed, 30 Jan 2013 11:02:05 -0500

tracing: Replace static old_tracer check of tracer name

Currently the trace buffer read functions use a static variable
"old_tracer" for detecting if the current tracer changes. This
was suitable for a single trace file ("trace"), but to add a
snapshot feature that will use the same function for its file,
a check against a static variable is not sufficient.

To use the output functions for two different files, instead of
storing the current tracer in a static variable, as the trace
iterator descriptor contains a pointer to the original current
tracer's name, that pointer can now be used to check if the
current tracer has changed between different reads of the trace
file.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20121226025252.3252.9276.stgit@liselsia

Signed-off-by: Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 kernel/trace/trace.c | 22 +++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 90a1c71..2c72466 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -1948,18 +1948,20 @@ void tracing_iter_reset(struct trace_iterator *iter, int cpu)
 static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
 {
 	struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private;
-	static struct tracer *old_tracer;
 	int cpu_file = iter->cpu_file;
 	void *p = NULL;
 	loff_t l = 0;
 	int cpu;
 
-	/* copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around */
+	/*
+	 * copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around.
+	 * iter->trace is a copy of current_trace, the pointer to the
+	 * name may be used instead of a strcmp(), as iter->trace->name
+	 * will point to the same string as current_trace->name.
+	 */
 	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
-	if (unlikely(old_tracer != current_trace && current_trace)) {
-		old_tracer = current_trace;
+	if (unlikely(current_trace && iter->trace->name != current_trace->name))
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
-	}
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	atomic_inc(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
@@ -3494,7 +3496,6 @@ tracing_read_pipe(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
 		  size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
 {
 	struct trace_iterator *iter = filp->private_data;
-	static struct tracer *old_tracer;
 	ssize_t sret;
 
 	/* return any leftover data */
@@ -3506,10 +3507,8 @@ tracing_read_pipe(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,
 
 	/* copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around */
 	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
-	if (unlikely(old_tracer != current_trace && current_trace)) {
-		old_tracer = current_trace;
+	if (unlikely(current_trace && iter->trace->name != current_trace->name))
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
-	}
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	/*
@@ -3665,7 +3664,6 @@ static ssize_t tracing_splice_read_pipe(struct file *filp,
 		.ops		= &tracing_pipe_buf_ops,
 		.spd_release	= tracing_spd_release_pipe,
 	};
-	static struct tracer *old_tracer;
 	ssize_t ret;
 	size_t rem;
 	unsigned int i;
@@ -3675,10 +3673,8 @@ static ssize_t tracing_splice_read_pipe(struct file *filp,
 
 	/* copy the tracer to avoid using a global lock all around */
 	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
-	if (unlikely(old_tracer != current_trace && current_trace)) {
-		old_tracer = current_trace;
+	if (unlikely(current_trace && iter->trace->name != current_trace->name))
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
-	}
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	mutex_lock(&iter->mutex);

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [tip:perf/core] tracing: Make a snapshot feature available from userspace
  2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 2/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
@ 2013-02-03 19:25   ` tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka @ 2013-02-03 19:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-tip-commits
  Cc: linux-kernel, hpa, mingo, dhsharp, jolsa, hiraku.toyooka.gu,
	rostedt, tglx

Commit-ID:  debdd57f5145f3c6a4b3f8d0126abd1a2def7fc6
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/debdd57f5145f3c6a4b3f8d0126abd1a2def7fc6
Author:     Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
AuthorDate: Wed, 26 Dec 2012 11:53:00 +0900
Committer:  Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
CommitDate: Wed, 30 Jan 2013 11:02:06 -0500

tracing: Make a snapshot feature available from userspace

Ftrace has a snapshot feature available from kernel space and
latency tracers (e.g. irqsoff) are using it. This patch enables
user applictions to take a snapshot via debugfs.

Add "snapshot" debugfs file in "tracing" directory.

  snapshot:
    This is used to take a snapshot and to read the output of the
    snapshot.

     # echo 1 > snapshot

    This will allocate the spare buffer for snapshot (if it is
    not allocated), and take a snapshot.

     # cat snapshot

    This will show contents of the snapshot.

     # echo 0 > snapshot

    This will free the snapshot if it is allocated.

    Any other positive values will clear the snapshot contents if
    the snapshot is allocated, or return EINVAL if it is not allocated.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20121226025300.3252.86850.stgit@liselsia

Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: David Sharp <dhsharp@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
[
   Fixed irqsoff selftest and also a conflict with a change
   that fixes the update_max_tr.
]
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 include/linux/ftrace_event.h |   3 +
 kernel/trace/Kconfig         |  10 +++
 kernel/trace/trace.c         | 166 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 kernel/trace/trace.h         |   1 +
 4 files changed, 154 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ftrace_event.h b/include/linux/ftrace_event.h
index 6f8d0b7..13a54d0 100644
--- a/include/linux/ftrace_event.h
+++ b/include/linux/ftrace_event.h
@@ -83,6 +83,9 @@ struct trace_iterator {
 	long			idx;
 
 	cpumask_var_t		started;
+
+	/* it's true when current open file is snapshot */
+	bool			snapshot;
 };
 
 enum trace_iter_flags {
diff --git a/kernel/trace/Kconfig b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
index cdc9d28..3656756 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/Kconfig
+++ b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
@@ -253,6 +253,16 @@ config FTRACE_SYSCALLS
 	help
 	  Basic tracer to catch the syscall entry and exit events.
 
+config TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+	bool "Create a snapshot trace buffer"
+	select TRACER_MAX_TRACE
+	help
+	  Allow tracing users to take snapshot of the current buffer using the
+	  ftrace interface, e.g.:
+
+	      echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/snapshot
+	      cat snapshot
+
 config TRACE_BRANCH_PROFILING
 	bool
 	select GENERIC_TRACER
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 2c72466..70dce64 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -710,12 +710,11 @@ update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
 
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());
 
-	/* If we disabled the tracer, stop now */
-	if (current_trace == &nop_trace)
-		return;
-
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!current_trace->use_max_tr))
+	if (!current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
+		/* Only the nop tracer should hit this when disabling */
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(current_trace != &nop_trace);
 		return;
+	}
 
 	arch_spin_lock(&ftrace_max_lock);
 
@@ -743,10 +742,8 @@ update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
 		return;
 
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());
-	if (!current_trace->use_max_tr) {
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!current_trace->allocated_snapshot))
 		return;
-	}
 
 	arch_spin_lock(&ftrace_max_lock);
 
@@ -866,10 +863,13 @@ int register_tracer(struct tracer *type)
 
 		current_trace = type;
 
-		/* If we expanded the buffers, make sure the max is expanded too */
-		if (ring_buffer_expanded && type->use_max_tr)
-			ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, trace_buf_size,
-						RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+		if (type->use_max_tr) {
+			/* If we expanded the buffers, make sure the max is expanded too */
+			if (ring_buffer_expanded)
+				ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, trace_buf_size,
+						   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+			type->allocated_snapshot = true;
+		}
 
 		/* the test is responsible for initializing and enabling */
 		pr_info("Testing tracer %s: ", type->name);
@@ -885,10 +885,14 @@ int register_tracer(struct tracer *type)
 		/* Only reset on passing, to avoid touching corrupted buffers */
 		tracing_reset_online_cpus(tr);
 
-		/* Shrink the max buffer again */
-		if (ring_buffer_expanded && type->use_max_tr)
-			ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, 1,
-						RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+		if (type->use_max_tr) {
+			type->allocated_snapshot = false;
+
+			/* Shrink the max buffer again */
+			if (ring_buffer_expanded)
+				ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, 1,
+						   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+		}
 
 		printk(KERN_CONT "PASSED\n");
 	}
@@ -1964,7 +1968,11 @@ static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
 		*iter->trace = *current_trace;
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
-	atomic_inc(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
+	if (iter->snapshot && iter->trace->use_max_tr)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		atomic_inc(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
 
 	if (*pos != iter->pos) {
 		iter->ent = NULL;
@@ -2003,7 +2011,11 @@ static void s_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
 {
 	struct trace_iterator *iter = m->private;
 
-	atomic_dec(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
+	if (iter->snapshot && iter->trace->use_max_tr)
+		return;
+
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		atomic_dec(&trace_record_cmdline_disabled);
 	trace_access_unlock(iter->cpu_file);
 	trace_event_read_unlock();
 }
@@ -2438,7 +2450,7 @@ static const struct seq_operations tracer_seq_ops = {
 };
 
 static struct trace_iterator *
-__tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+__tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, bool snapshot)
 {
 	long cpu_file = (long) inode->i_private;
 	struct trace_iterator *iter;
@@ -2471,10 +2483,11 @@ __tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&iter->started, GFP_KERNEL))
 		goto fail;
 
-	if (current_trace && current_trace->print_max)
+	if ((current_trace && current_trace->print_max) || snapshot)
 		iter->tr = &max_tr;
 	else
 		iter->tr = &global_trace;
+	iter->snapshot = snapshot;
 	iter->pos = -1;
 	mutex_init(&iter->mutex);
 	iter->cpu_file = cpu_file;
@@ -2491,8 +2504,9 @@ __tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	if (trace_clocks[trace_clock_id].in_ns)
 		iter->iter_flags |= TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS;
 
-	/* stop the trace while dumping */
-	tracing_stop();
+	/* stop the trace while dumping if we are not opening "snapshot" */
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		tracing_stop();
 
 	if (iter->cpu_file == TRACE_PIPE_ALL_CPU) {
 		for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu) {
@@ -2555,8 +2569,9 @@ static int tracing_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	if (iter->trace && iter->trace->close)
 		iter->trace->close(iter);
 
-	/* reenable tracing if it was previously enabled */
-	tracing_start();
+	if (!iter->snapshot)
+		/* reenable tracing if it was previously enabled */
+		tracing_start();
 	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
 
 	mutex_destroy(&iter->mutex);
@@ -2584,7 +2599,7 @@ static int tracing_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	}
 
 	if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
-		iter = __tracing_open(inode, file);
+		iter = __tracing_open(inode, file, false);
 		if (IS_ERR(iter))
 			ret = PTR_ERR(iter);
 		else if (trace_flags & TRACE_ITER_LATENCY_FMT)
@@ -3219,7 +3234,7 @@ static int tracing_set_tracer(const char *buf)
 	if (current_trace && current_trace->reset)
 		current_trace->reset(tr);
 
-	had_max_tr = current_trace && current_trace->use_max_tr;
+	had_max_tr = current_trace && current_trace->allocated_snapshot;
 	current_trace = &nop_trace;
 
 	if (had_max_tr && !t->use_max_tr) {
@@ -3238,6 +3253,8 @@ static int tracing_set_tracer(const char *buf)
 		 */
 		ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, 1, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
 		set_buffer_entries(&max_tr, 1);
+		tracing_reset_online_cpus(&max_tr);
+		current_trace->allocated_snapshot = false;
 	}
 	destroy_trace_option_files(topts);
 
@@ -3248,6 +3265,7 @@ static int tracing_set_tracer(const char *buf)
 						   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
 		if (ret < 0)
 			goto out;
+		t->allocated_snapshot = true;
 	}
 
 	if (t->init) {
@@ -4066,6 +4084,87 @@ static int tracing_clock_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	return single_open(file, tracing_clock_show, NULL);
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+static int tracing_snapshot_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	struct trace_iterator *iter;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
+		iter = __tracing_open(inode, file, true);
+		if (IS_ERR(iter))
+			ret = PTR_ERR(iter);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+tracing_snapshot_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt,
+		       loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	unsigned long val;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = tracing_update_buffers();
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = kstrtoul_from_user(ubuf, cnt, 10, &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
+
+	if (current_trace && current_trace->use_max_tr) {
+		ret = -EBUSY;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	switch (val) {
+	case 0:
+		if (current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
+			/* free spare buffer */
+			ring_buffer_resize(max_tr.buffer, 1,
+					   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+			set_buffer_entries(&max_tr, 1);
+			tracing_reset_online_cpus(&max_tr);
+			current_trace->allocated_snapshot = false;
+		}
+		break;
+	case 1:
+		if (!current_trace->allocated_snapshot) {
+			/* allocate spare buffer */
+			ret = resize_buffer_duplicate_size(&max_tr,
+					&global_trace, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
+			if (ret < 0)
+				break;
+			current_trace->allocated_snapshot = true;
+		}
+
+		local_irq_disable();
+		/* Now, we're going to swap */
+		update_max_tr(&global_trace, current, smp_processor_id());
+		local_irq_enable();
+		break;
+	default:
+		if (current_trace->allocated_snapshot)
+			tracing_reset_online_cpus(&max_tr);
+		else
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	if (ret >= 0) {
+		*ppos += cnt;
+		ret = cnt;
+	}
+out:
+	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */
+
+
 static const struct file_operations tracing_max_lat_fops = {
 	.open		= tracing_open_generic,
 	.read		= tracing_max_lat_read,
@@ -4122,6 +4221,16 @@ static const struct file_operations trace_clock_fops = {
 	.write		= tracing_clock_write,
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+static const struct file_operations snapshot_fops = {
+	.open		= tracing_snapshot_open,
+	.read		= seq_read,
+	.write		= tracing_snapshot_write,
+	.llseek		= tracing_seek,
+	.release	= tracing_release,
+};
+#endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */
+
 struct ftrace_buffer_info {
 	struct trace_array	*tr;
 	void			*spare;
@@ -4921,6 +5030,11 @@ static __init int tracer_init_debugfs(void)
 			&ftrace_update_tot_cnt, &tracing_dyn_info_fops);
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT
+	trace_create_file("snapshot", 0644, d_tracer,
+			  (void *) TRACE_PIPE_ALL_CPU, &snapshot_fops);
+#endif
+
 	create_trace_options_dir();
 
 	for_each_tracing_cpu(cpu)
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.h b/kernel/trace/trace.h
index 04a2c7a..57d7e53 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.h
@@ -287,6 +287,7 @@ struct tracer {
 	struct tracer_flags	*flags;
 	bool			print_max;
 	bool			use_max_tr;
+	bool			allocated_snapshot;
 };
 
 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [tip:perf/core] tracing: Add documentation of snapshot utility
  2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 3/3] tracing: add description of snapshot to Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt Hiraku Toyooka
@ 2013-02-03 19:26   ` tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka @ 2013-02-03 19:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-tip-commits
  Cc: linux-kernel, hpa, mingo, rostedt, hiraku.toyooka.gu, tglx, rob

Commit-ID:  c1043fcda1b9e8e5144cfdaee7be262c50dbdead
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/c1043fcda1b9e8e5144cfdaee7be262c50dbdead
Author:     Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
AuthorDate: Wed, 26 Dec 2012 11:53:09 +0900
Committer:  Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
CommitDate: Wed, 30 Jan 2013 11:02:07 -0500

tracing: Add documentation of snapshot utility

This patch adds snapshot description in ftrace documentation.
This description includes what the snapshot is and how to use it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20121226025309.3252.150.stgit@liselsia

Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
Signed-off-by: Hiraku Toyooka <hiraku.toyooka.gu@hitachi.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
 Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 83 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
index 6f51fed..53d6a3c 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
@@ -1842,6 +1842,89 @@ an error.
  # cat buffer_size_kb
 85
 
+Snapshot
+--------
+CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT makes a generic snapshot feature
+available to all non latency tracers. (Latency tracers which
+record max latency, such as "irqsoff" or "wakeup", can't use
+this feature, since those are already using the snapshot
+mechanism internally.)
+
+Snapshot preserves a current trace buffer at a particular point
+in time without stopping tracing. Ftrace swaps the current
+buffer with a spare buffer, and tracing continues in the new
+current (=previous spare) buffer.
+
+The following debugfs files in "tracing" are related to this
+feature:
+
+  snapshot:
+
+	This is used to take a snapshot and to read the output
+	of the snapshot. Echo 1 into this file to allocate a
+	spare buffer and to take a snapshot (swap), then read
+	the snapshot from this file in the same format as
+	"trace" (described above in the section "The File
+	System"). Both reads snapshot and tracing are executable
+	in parallel. When the spare buffer is allocated, echoing
+	0 frees it, and echoing else (positive) values clear the
+	snapshot contents.
+	More details are shown in the table below.
+
+	status\input  |     0      |     1      |    else    |
+	--------------+------------+------------+------------+
+	not allocated |(do nothing)| alloc+swap |   EINVAL   |
+	--------------+------------+------------+------------+
+	allocated     |    free    |    swap    |   clear    |
+	--------------+------------+------------+------------+
+
+Here is an example of using the snapshot feature.
+
+ # echo 1 > events/sched/enable
+ # echo 1 > snapshot
+ # cat snapshot
+# tracer: nop
+#
+# entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 71/71   #P:8
+#
+#                              _-----=> irqs-off
+#                             / _----=> need-resched
+#                            | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
+#                            || / _--=> preempt-depth
+#                            ||| /     delay
+#           TASK-PID   CPU#  ||||    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
+#              | |       |   ||||       |         |
+          <idle>-0     [005] d...  2440.603828: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper/5 prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=snapshot-test-2 next_pid=2242 next_prio=120
+           sleep-2242  [005] d...  2440.603846: sched_switch: prev_comm=snapshot-test-2 prev_pid=2242 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=kworker/5:1 next_pid=60 next_prio=120
+[...]
+          <idle>-0     [002] d...  2440.707230: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper/2 prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=snapshot-test-2 next_pid=2229 next_prio=120
+
+ # cat trace
+# tracer: nop
+#
+# entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 77/77   #P:8
+#
+#                              _-----=> irqs-off
+#                             / _----=> need-resched
+#                            | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
+#                            || / _--=> preempt-depth
+#                            ||| /     delay
+#           TASK-PID   CPU#  ||||    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
+#              | |       |   ||||       |         |
+          <idle>-0     [007] d...  2440.707395: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper/7 prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=snapshot-test-2 next_pid=2243 next_prio=120
+ snapshot-test-2-2229  [002] d...  2440.707438: sched_switch: prev_comm=snapshot-test-2 prev_pid=2229 prev_prio=120 prev_state=S ==> next_comm=swapper/2 next_pid=0 next_prio=120
+[...]
+
+
+If you try to use this snapshot feature when current tracer is
+one of the latency tracers, you will get the following results.
+
+ # echo wakeup > current_tracer
+ # echo 1 > snapshot
+bash: echo: write error: Device or resource busy
+ # cat snapshot
+cat: snapshot: Device or resource busy
+
 -----------
 
 More details can be found in the source code, in the

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

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2012-12-26  2:52 [PATCH v4 -tip 0/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
2012-12-26  2:52 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 1/3] tracing: replace static old_tracer with trace iterator's pointer to the original tracer's name Hiraku Toyooka
2013-02-03 19:23   ` [tip:perf/core] tracing: Replace static old_tracer check of tracer name tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 2/3] tracing: make a snapshot feature available from userspace Hiraku Toyooka
2013-02-03 19:25   ` [tip:perf/core] tracing: Make " tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka
2012-12-26  2:53 ` [PATCH v4 -tip 3/3] tracing: add description of snapshot to Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt Hiraku Toyooka
2013-02-03 19:26   ` [tip:perf/core] tracing: Add documentation of snapshot utility tip-bot for Hiraku Toyooka

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