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* [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
@ 2016-02-23 17:53 Prarit Bhargava
  2016-02-23 17:53 ` [PATCH 1/2 v6] lib, switch CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME to int Prarit Bhargava
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Prarit Bhargava @ 2016-02-23 17:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Prarit Bhargava, Petr Mladek, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Thomas Gleixner, Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Petr Mladek, Tejun Heo, Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
timestamps that are added in patch 2.

Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.
Additionally he pointed out that no other config option uses a mix of bool and
integers the way CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME would have done after my patch.  This
results in a patch to modify CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME to switch to int (which
includes modifications to config files) and a second patch to
implement the new timestamps.

Additionally, while testing the dmesg utility I noticed a difference in
behaviour between the old CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=n and CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=0
(both of which disabled timestamp on the console).  In the new case
the dmesg output always included 0.000000 timestamp instead of the actual time.
I have fixed this by recording (but not writing to the console) the timestamp
for 0 and 1 in printk_get_ts() so that dmesg behaves as before.

Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
Cc: Xunlei Pang <pang.xunlei@linaro.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Hurley <peter@hurleysoftware.com>
Cc: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>

Prarit Bhargava (2):
  lib, switch CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME to int
  printk, allow different timestamps for printk.time

 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt                |  6 +-
 arch/arm/configs/axm55xx_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/bcm2835_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/bcm_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa270_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa300_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/dove_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/efm32_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/exynos_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/ezx_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/h5000_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/hisi_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/imote2_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/imx_v6_v7_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/keystone_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/lpc18xx_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/magician_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/mmp2_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/moxart_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/multi_v7_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/mvebu_v7_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/mxs_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/omap2plus_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa168_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa3xx_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa910_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/qcom_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/raumfeld_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/shmobile_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/socfpga_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/stm32_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/sunxi_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/tegra_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/u300_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/u8500_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/vt8500_v6_v7_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/xcep_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/zx_defconfig                      |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/configs/defconfig                       |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/bcm47xx_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/bmips_be_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/bmips_stb_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/ci20_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/lemote2f_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/loongson3_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlp_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlr_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/pistachio_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/qi_lb60_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/rt305x_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/xway_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/parisc/configs/generic-64bit_defconfig        |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/40x/virtex_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/44x/virtex5_defconfig         |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/44x/warp_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/cm5200_defconfig         |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/lite5200b_defconfig      |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/motionpro_defconfig      |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/tqm5200_defconfig        |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/gamecube_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/mpc5200_defconfig             |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/pasemi_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/wii_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/default_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/gcov_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/performance_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/zfcpdump_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/edosk7760_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/sdk7786_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/se7722_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/sh7785lcr_32bit_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/urquell_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/sparc/configs/sparc64_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/x86/configs/i386_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/x86/configs/x86_64_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/audio_kc705_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/generic_kc705_defconfig        |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/nommu_kc705_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/smp_lx200_defconfig            |  2 +-
 include/linux/timekeeping.h                        |  1 +
 kernel/printk/printk.c                             | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++--
 kernel/time/timekeeping.c                          | 13 ++++
 lib/Kconfig.debug                                  |  8 ++-
 .../selftests/rcutorture/configs/lock/CFcommon     |  2 +-
 .../selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/CFcommon      |  2 +-
 86 files changed, 177 insertions(+), 89 deletions(-)

-- 
1.8.3.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 1/2 v6] lib, switch CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME to int
  2016-02-23 17:53 [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Prarit Bhargava
@ 2016-02-23 17:53 ` Prarit Bhargava
  2016-02-23 17:54 ` [PATCH 2/2 v6] printk, allow different timestamps for printk.time Prarit Bhargava
  2016-03-08  7:59 ` [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Thomas Gleixner
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Prarit Bhargava @ 2016-02-23 17:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Prarit Bhargava, Petr Mladek, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Thomas Gleixner, Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Petr Mladek, Tejun Heo, Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME is a bool and in order to add timestamp options for
the monotonic and real time clock it must be expanded to an int.

Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
Cc: Xunlei Pang <pang.xunlei@linaro.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Hurley <peter@hurleysoftware.com>
Cc: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>
---
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/axm55xx_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/bcm2835_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/bcm_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa270_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa300_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/dove_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/efm32_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/exynos_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/ezx_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/h5000_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/hisi_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/imote2_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/imx_v6_v7_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/keystone_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/lpc18xx_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/magician_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/mmp2_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/moxart_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/multi_v7_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/mvebu_v7_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/mxs_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/omap2plus_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa168_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa3xx_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa910_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/pxa_defconfig                     |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/qcom_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/raumfeld_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/shmobile_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/socfpga_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/stm32_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/sunxi_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/tegra_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/u300_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/u8500_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/vt8500_v6_v7_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/xcep_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/arm/configs/zx_defconfig                      |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/configs/defconfig                       |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/bcm47xx_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/bmips_be_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/bmips_stb_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/ci20_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/lemote2f_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/loongson3_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlp_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlr_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/pistachio_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/qi_lb60_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/rt305x_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/mips/configs/xway_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/parisc/configs/generic-64bit_defconfig        |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/40x/virtex_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/44x/virtex5_defconfig         |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/44x/warp_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/cm5200_defconfig         |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/lite5200b_defconfig      |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/motionpro_defconfig      |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/tqm5200_defconfig        |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/gamecube_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/mpc5200_defconfig             |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/pasemi_defconfig              |  2 +-
 arch/powerpc/configs/wii_defconfig                 |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/default_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/gcov_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/performance_defconfig            |  2 +-
 arch/s390/configs/zfcpdump_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/edosk7760_defconfig                |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/sdk7786_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/se7722_defconfig                   |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/sh7785lcr_32bit_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/sh/configs/urquell_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/sparc/configs/sparc64_defconfig               |  2 +-
 arch/x86/configs/i386_defconfig                    |  2 +-
 arch/x86/configs/x86_64_defconfig                  |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/audio_kc705_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/generic_kc705_defconfig        |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/nommu_kc705_defconfig          |  2 +-
 arch/xtensa/configs/smp_lx200_defconfig            |  2 +-
 kernel/printk/printk.c                             | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++--
 lib/Kconfig.debug                                  |  7 ++--
 .../selftests/rcutorture/configs/lock/CFcommon     |  2 +-
 .../selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/CFcommon      |  2 +-
 84 files changed, 126 insertions(+), 86 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 9a53c92..a86642c 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3066,7 +3066,7 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
 			default: disabled
 
 	printk.time=	Show timing data prefixed to each printk message line
-			Format: <bool>  (1/Y/y=enable, 0/N/n=disable)
+			Format: <string>  (1/Y/y=enable, 0/N/n=disable)
 
 	processor.max_cstate=	[HW,ACPI]
 			Limit processor to maximum C-state
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/axm55xx_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/axm55xx_defconfig
index d3260d7..55eba35 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/axm55xx_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/axm55xx_defconfig
@@ -232,7 +232,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_FSCACHE=y
 CONFIG_SUNRPC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/bcm2835_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/bcm2835_defconfig
index 72def20..6b7e08f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/bcm2835_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/bcm2835_defconfig
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_BOOT_PRINTK_DELAY=y
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/bcm_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/bcm_defconfig
index 7117662..19710f4 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/bcm_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/bcm_defconfig
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ CONFIG_CONFIGFS_FS=y
 # CONFIG_MISC_FILESYSTEMS is not set
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa270_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa270_defconfig
index 18c311a..ddbba8e 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa270_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa270_defconfig
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa300_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa300_defconfig
index be02fe2..3a0b92b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa300_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/colibri_pxa300_defconfig
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ CONFIG_INOTIFY=y
 CONFIG_NFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V3=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/dove_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/dove_defconfig
index 701677f..d952d3d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/dove_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/dove_defconfig
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_850=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_2=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/efm32_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/efm32_defconfig
index c0dac0f0f..306d156 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/efm32_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/efm32_defconfig
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ CONFIG_EXT2_FS=y
 CONFIG_ROMFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_ROMFS_BACKED_BY_MTD=y
 # CONFIG_NETWORK_FILESYSTEMS is not set
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/exynos_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/exynos_defconfig
index 24dcd2b..59b91c0 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/exynos_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/exynos_defconfig
@@ -228,7 +228,7 @@ CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/ezx_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/ezx_defconfig
index ea316c4..c4bdecd 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/ezx_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/ezx_defconfig
@@ -379,7 +379,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/h5000_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/h5000_defconfig
index 37903e3..e3507cb 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/h5000_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/h5000_defconfig
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ CONFIG_TMPFS=y
 CONFIG_JFFS2_FS=y
 CONFIG_JFFS2_COMPRESSION_OPTIONS=y
 # CONFIG_NETWORK_FILESYSTEMS is not set
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
 # CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/hisi_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/hisi_defconfig
index b2e340b..4dc0a4a 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/hisi_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/hisi_defconfig
@@ -82,7 +82,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V3_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/imote2_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/imote2_defconfig
index 18e59fe..672010d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/imote2_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/imote2_defconfig
@@ -350,7 +350,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/imx_v6_v7_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/imx_v6_v7_defconfig
index 2d5253d..65b8d66 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/imx_v6_v7_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/imx_v6_v7_defconfig
@@ -354,7 +354,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/keystone_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/keystone_defconfig
index 5bcc9cf..d402c59 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/keystone_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/keystone_defconfig
@@ -195,7 +195,7 @@ CONFIG_NFSD_V3=y
 CONFIG_NFSD_V3_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_USER=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/lpc18xx_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/lpc18xx_defconfig
index 2ae00b0..c25ff23 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/lpc18xx_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/lpc18xx_defconfig
@@ -159,7 +159,7 @@ CONFIG_EXT2_FS=y
 # CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER is not set
 CONFIG_JFFS2_FS=y
 # CONFIG_NETWORK_FILESYSTEMS is not set
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/magician_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/magician_defconfig
index a5b4920..accbf10 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/magician_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/magician_defconfig
@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_1251=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
 CONFIG_TIMER_STATS=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/mmp2_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/mmp2_defconfig
index f1cb95e..0385e4a 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/mmp2_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/mmp2_defconfig
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V3=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V3_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/moxart_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/moxart_defconfig
index a3cb76c..32fab5a 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/moxart_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/moxart_defconfig
@@ -124,7 +124,7 @@ CONFIG_EXT3_FS=y
 CONFIG_TMPFS=y
 CONFIG_CONFIGFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_JFFS2_FS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/multi_v7_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/multi_v7_defconfig
index 8e8b2ac..238f730 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/multi_v7_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/multi_v7_defconfig
@@ -798,7 +798,7 @@ CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_LOCKUP_DETECTOR=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/mvebu_v7_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/mvebu_v7_defconfig
index c6729bf..19465c3 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/mvebu_v7_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/mvebu_v7_defconfig
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_850=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_2=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/mxs_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/mxs_defconfig
index b47e7c6..21738c9 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/mxs_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/mxs_defconfig
@@ -166,7 +166,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_850=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=2048
 CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/omap2plus_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/omap2plus_defconfig
index d18d6b4..fa7c950 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/omap2plus_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/omap2plus_defconfig
@@ -454,7 +454,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_SPLIT=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/pxa168_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/pxa168_defconfig
index 74d7e01..5824b89 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/pxa168_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/pxa168_defconfig
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V3=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V3_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/pxa3xx_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/pxa3xx_defconfig
index 5f337d7..e60d656 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/pxa3xx_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/pxa3xx_defconfig
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V3_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/pxa910_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/pxa910_defconfig
index 3bb7771..a2f6f08 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/pxa910_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/pxa910_defconfig
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V3=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V3_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/pxa_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/pxa_defconfig
index 0cb724b..2ff6cb2 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/pxa_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/pxa_defconfig
@@ -733,7 +733,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=0
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/qcom_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/qcom_defconfig
index 7bff7bf..5dfac70 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/qcom_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/qcom_defconfig
@@ -181,7 +181,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/raumfeld_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/raumfeld_defconfig
index 3d833ae..b836f8f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/raumfeld_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/raumfeld_defconfig
@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=y
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=y
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/shmobile_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/shmobile_defconfig
index 9697383..5acb1a9 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/shmobile_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/shmobile_defconfig
@@ -206,7 +206,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4_1=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 # CONFIG_ARM_UNWIND is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/socfpga_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/socfpga_defconfig
index f7f4e2e..1d42a0b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/socfpga_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/socfpga_defconfig
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/stm32_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/stm32_defconfig
index ec52505..b78037d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/stm32_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/stm32_defconfig
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ CONFIG_STM32_DMA=y
 # CONFIG_DNOTIFY is not set
 # CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER is not set
 CONFIG_NLS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/sunxi_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/sunxi_defconfig
index a9a81a7..4ac923b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/sunxi_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/sunxi_defconfig
@@ -133,6 +133,6 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_CRYPTO_DEV_SUN4I_SS=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/tegra_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/tegra_defconfig
index 3a36244..95eaa46 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/tegra_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/tegra_defconfig
@@ -285,7 +285,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/u300_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/u300_defconfig
index aaa95ab..7746006 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/u300_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/u300_defconfig
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ CONFIG_VFAT_FS=y
 CONFIG_TMPFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/u8500_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/u8500_defconfig
index 07055ea..0c1952f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/u8500_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/u8500_defconfig
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/vt8500_v6_v7_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/vt8500_v6_v7_defconfig
index 1bfaa7b..d5a2cc8 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/vt8500_v6_v7_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/vt8500_v6_v7_defconfig
@@ -84,6 +84,6 @@ CONFIG_NFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V3_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 CONFIG_LOCKUP_DETECTOR=y
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/xcep_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/xcep_defconfig
index 721832f..5c8435d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/xcep_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/xcep_defconfig
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V3=y
 CONFIG_NLS=m
 CONFIG_NLS_DEFAULT="utf8"
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is not set
diff --git a/arch/arm/configs/zx_defconfig b/arch/arm/configs/zx_defconfig
index ab683fb..e955730 100644
--- a/arch/arm/configs/zx_defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/configs/zx_defconfig
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ CONFIG_TMPFS_POSIX_ACL=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_936=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
diff --git a/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig b/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig
index 86581f7..ae624bb 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/configs/defconfig
@@ -235,7 +235,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_VIRTUALIZATION=y
 CONFIG_KVM=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/bcm47xx_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/bcm47xx_defconfig
index 0db4eb3..f19fb76 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/bcm47xx_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/bcm47xx_defconfig
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ CONFIG_USB_HCD_BCMA=y
 CONFIG_USB_HCD_SSB=y
 CONFIG_LEDS_TRIGGER_TIMER=y
 CONFIG_LEDS_TRIGGER_DEFAULT_ON=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED=y
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/bmips_be_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/bmips_be_defconfig
index 24dcb90..d065143 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/bmips_be_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/bmips_be_defconfig
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ CONFIG_DEVTMPFS=y
 CONFIG_DEVTMPFS_MOUNT=y
 # CONFIG_STANDALONE is not set
 # CONFIG_PREVENT_FIRMWARE_BUILD is not set
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_BRCMSTB_GISB_ARB=y
 CONFIG_MTD=y
 CONFIG_MTD_CFI=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/bmips_stb_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/bmips_stb_defconfig
index 4eb5d6e..0800662 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/bmips_stb_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/bmips_stb_defconfig
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ CONFIG_DEVTMPFS=y
 CONFIG_DEVTMPFS_MOUNT=y
 # CONFIG_STANDALONE is not set
 # CONFIG_PREVENT_FIRMWARE_BUILD is not set
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_BRCMSTB_GISB_ARB=y
 CONFIG_MTD=y
 CONFIG_MTD_CFI=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/ci20_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/ci20_defconfig
index 4e36b6e..cd161f1 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/ci20_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/ci20_defconfig
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=y
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=y
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/lemote2f_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/lemote2f_defconfig
index 004cf52..2a76426 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/lemote2f_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/lemote2f_defconfig
@@ -405,7 +405,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=1024
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/loongson3_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/loongson3_defconfig
index f8bf915c..e66df9f 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/loongson3_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/loongson3_defconfig
@@ -330,7 +330,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_936=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=1024
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlp_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlp_defconfig
index b3d1d37..efd6877 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlp_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlp_defconfig
@@ -554,7 +554,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_14=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=1024
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlr_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlr_defconfig
index 3d8016d..c913c70 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlr_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/nlm_xlr_defconfig
@@ -514,7 +514,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_14=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=m
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/pistachio_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/pistachio_defconfig
index 8b74291..022907e 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/pistachio_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/pistachio_defconfig
@@ -299,7 +299,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_DEFAULT="utf8"
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ_DEFAULT_ENABLE=0
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/qi_lb60_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/qi_lb60_defconfig
index d7bb8cc..e9dd20a 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/qi_lb60_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/qi_lb60_defconfig
@@ -172,7 +172,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=y
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_R=y
 CONFIG_NLS_KOI8_U=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
 CONFIG_READABLE_ASM=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/rt305x_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/rt305x_defconfig
index d14ae2f..005754c 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/rt305x_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/rt305x_defconfig
@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ CONFIG_JFFS2_COMPRESSION_OPTIONS=y
 CONFIG_SQUASHFS=y
 # CONFIG_SQUASHFS_ZLIB is not set
 CONFIG_SQUASHFS_XZ=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/xway_defconfig b/arch/mips/configs/xway_defconfig
index 8987846..c293c78 100644
--- a/arch/mips/configs/xway_defconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/configs/xway_defconfig
@@ -143,7 +143,7 @@ CONFIG_JFFS2_COMPRESSION_OPTIONS=y
 CONFIG_SQUASHFS=y
 # CONFIG_SQUASHFS_ZLIB is not set
 CONFIG_SQUASHFS_XZ=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
diff --git a/arch/parisc/configs/generic-64bit_defconfig b/arch/parisc/configs/generic-64bit_defconfig
index e945c08..df76193 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/configs/generic-64bit_defconfig
+++ b/arch/parisc/configs/generic-64bit_defconfig
@@ -279,7 +279,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_2=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_STRIP_ASM_SYMS=y
 CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/40x/virtex_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/40x/virtex_defconfig
index bcb0c4d..bb076ef 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/40x/virtex_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/40x/virtex_defconfig
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ CONFIG_CRC_CCITT=y
 CONFIG_FONTS=y
 CONFIG_FONT_8x8=y
 CONFIG_FONT_8x16=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_CRYPTO_ANSI_CPRNG is not set
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/virtex5_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/virtex5_defconfig
index 53d0300..f5cf657 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/virtex5_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/virtex5_defconfig
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ CONFIG_CRC_CCITT=y
 CONFIG_FONTS=y
 CONFIG_FONT_8x8=y
 CONFIG_FONT_8x16=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 # CONFIG_CRYPTO_ANSI_CPRNG is not set
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/warp_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/warp_defconfig
index ee43437..e925959 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/warp_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/44x/warp_defconfig
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
 CONFIG_CRC_CCITT=y
 CONFIG_CRC_T10DIF=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/cm5200_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/cm5200_defconfig
index 19fad0e..3cc0a427 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/cm5200_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/cm5200_defconfig
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK=y
 # CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE is not set
 CONFIG_CRYPTO_ECB=y
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/lite5200b_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/lite5200b_defconfig
index 5f40ba9..5a24f60 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/lite5200b_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/lite5200b_defconfig
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ CONFIG_TMPFS=y
 CONFIG_NFS_FS=y
 CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK=y
 # CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE is not set
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/motionpro_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/motionpro_defconfig
index 909e185..e7ef6c8 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/motionpro_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/motionpro_defconfig
@@ -86,7 +86,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK=y
 # CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE is not set
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/tqm5200_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/tqm5200_defconfig
index efab838..5a91b50 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/tqm5200_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/52xx/tqm5200_defconfig
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK=y
 # CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE is not set
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/gamecube_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/gamecube_defconfig
index 6c6c60f..d4dbe36 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/gamecube_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/gamecube_defconfig
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ CONFIG_CIFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_CRC_CCITT=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES=y
 CONFIG_LATENCYTOP=y
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/mpc5200_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/mpc5200_defconfig
index 9fd041b..4b7dc33 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/mpc5200_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/mpc5200_defconfig
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ CONFIG_NFS_V4=y
 CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
 CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK=y
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/pasemi_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/pasemi_defconfig
index 8f94782..b025444 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/pasemi_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/pasemi_defconfig
@@ -171,7 +171,7 @@ CONFIG_NFSD_V4=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_CRC_CCITT=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/configs/wii_defconfig b/arch/powerpc/configs/wii_defconfig
index 34eaf52..2d9ee18 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/configs/wii_defconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/configs/wii_defconfig
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ CONFIG_CIFS=m
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_CRC_CCITT=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES=y
diff --git a/arch/s390/configs/default_defconfig b/arch/s390/configs/default_defconfig
index 0ac42cc..5e3e73e 100644
--- a/arch/s390/configs/default_defconfig
+++ b/arch/s390/configs/default_defconfig
@@ -534,7 +534,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
 CONFIG_DLM=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=1024
diff --git a/arch/s390/configs/gcov_defconfig b/arch/s390/configs/gcov_defconfig
index a31dcd5..aedc828 100644
--- a/arch/s390/configs/gcov_defconfig
+++ b/arch/s390/configs/gcov_defconfig
@@ -528,7 +528,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
 CONFIG_DLM=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=1024
diff --git a/arch/s390/configs/performance_defconfig b/arch/s390/configs/performance_defconfig
index 7b73bf3..b5e9dc1 100644
--- a/arch/s390/configs/performance_defconfig
+++ b/arch/s390/configs/performance_defconfig
@@ -528,7 +528,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
 CONFIG_DLM=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=1024
diff --git a/arch/s390/configs/zfcpdump_defconfig b/arch/s390/configs/zfcpdump_defconfig
index 1719843..ef2a9b6 100644
--- a/arch/s390/configs/zfcpdump_defconfig
+++ b/arch/s390/configs/zfcpdump_defconfig
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ CONFIG_RAW_DRIVER=y
 # CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER is not set
 CONFIG_CONFIGFS_FS=y
 # CONFIG_MISC_FILESYSTEMS is not set
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
diff --git a/arch/sh/configs/edosk7760_defconfig b/arch/sh/configs/edosk7760_defconfig
index e1077a0..e588da2 100644
--- a/arch/sh/configs/edosk7760_defconfig
+++ b/arch/sh/configs/edosk7760_defconfig
@@ -109,7 +109,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS=y
diff --git a/arch/sh/configs/sdk7786_defconfig b/arch/sh/configs/sdk7786_defconfig
index e7e56a4..2e12997 100644
--- a/arch/sh/configs/sdk7786_defconfig
+++ b/arch/sh/configs/sdk7786_defconfig
@@ -216,7 +216,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=m
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_15=m
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=m
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/sh/configs/se7722_defconfig b/arch/sh/configs/se7722_defconfig
index ae998c7..09aac57 100644
--- a/arch/sh/configs/se7722_defconfig
+++ b/arch/sh/configs/se7722_defconfig
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ CONFIG_EXT3_FS=y
 CONFIG_PROC_KCORE=y
 CONFIG_TMPFS=y
 CONFIG_HUGETLBFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
diff --git a/arch/sh/configs/sh7785lcr_32bit_defconfig b/arch/sh/configs/sh7785lcr_32bit_defconfig
index 9bdcf72..bdb7783 100644
--- a/arch/sh/configs/sh7785lcr_32bit_defconfig
+++ b/arch/sh/configs/sh7785lcr_32bit_defconfig
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ CONFIG_NFSD_V3=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_932=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
diff --git a/arch/sh/configs/urquell_defconfig b/arch/sh/configs/urquell_defconfig
index 1e843db..795afb5 100644
--- a/arch/sh/configs/urquell_defconfig
+++ b/arch/sh/configs/urquell_defconfig
@@ -143,7 +143,7 @@ CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_932=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_MUST_CHECK is not set
 CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
diff --git a/arch/sparc/configs/sparc64_defconfig b/arch/sparc/configs/sparc64_defconfig
index 6b68f12..0ef3f30 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/configs/sparc64_defconfig
+++ b/arch/sparc/configs/sparc64_defconfig
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ CONFIG_EXT3_FS_SECURITY=y
 CONFIG_PROC_KCORE=y
 CONFIG_TMPFS=y
 CONFIG_HUGETLBFS=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
diff --git a/arch/x86/configs/i386_defconfig b/arch/x86/configs/i386_defconfig
index 028be48..f6ba6ca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/configs/i386_defconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/configs/i386_defconfig
@@ -286,7 +286,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 CONFIG_FRAME_WARN=2048
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/x86/configs/x86_64_defconfig b/arch/x86/configs/x86_64_defconfig
index cb5b3ab..9f40186 100644
--- a/arch/x86/configs/x86_64_defconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/configs/x86_64_defconfig
@@ -284,7 +284,7 @@ CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ASCII=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
 CONFIG_NLS_UTF8=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 # CONFIG_ENABLE_WARN_DEPRECATED is not set
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
 # CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS is not set
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/configs/audio_kc705_defconfig b/arch/xtensa/configs/audio_kc705_defconfig
index c4904db..bc0e69f 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/configs/audio_kc705_defconfig
+++ b/arch/xtensa/configs/audio_kc705_defconfig
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_SUNRPC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/configs/generic_kc705_defconfig b/arch/xtensa/configs/generic_kc705_defconfig
index f4b7b38..6adabfa 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/configs/generic_kc705_defconfig
+++ b/arch/xtensa/configs/generic_kc705_defconfig
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_SUNRPC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/configs/nommu_kc705_defconfig b/arch/xtensa/configs/nommu_kc705_defconfig
index 337d5ba..0727336 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/configs/nommu_kc705_defconfig
+++ b/arch/xtensa/configs/nommu_kc705_defconfig
@@ -107,7 +107,7 @@ CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_SUNRPC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 # CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is not set
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/configs/smp_lx200_defconfig b/arch/xtensa/configs/smp_lx200_defconfig
index 22eeacb..fb09f54 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/configs/smp_lx200_defconfig
+++ b/arch/xtensa/configs/smp_lx200_defconfig
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ CONFIG_ROOT_NFS=y
 CONFIG_SUNRPC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_NLS_CODEPAGE_437=y
 CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG=y
 CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
 CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ=y
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index c963ba5..1f4a29b 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -1035,8 +1035,45 @@ static inline void boot_delay_msec(int level)
 }
 #endif
 
-static bool printk_time = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME);
-module_param_named(time, printk_time, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
+static int printk_time = CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME;
+
+static int printk_time_param_set(const char *val,
+				 const struct kernel_param *kp)
+{
+	char *param = strstrip((char *)val);
+
+	if (strlen(param) != 1)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	switch (param[0]) {
+	/* 0/N/n = disabled */
+	case '0':
+	case 'N':
+	case 'n':
+		printk_time = 0;
+		break;
+	/* 1/Y/y = local clock */
+	case '1':
+	case 'Y':
+	case 'y':
+		printk_time = 1;
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_warn("printk: invalid timestamp value\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	pr_info("printk: timestamp set to %d.\n", printk_time);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct kernel_param_ops printk_time_param_ops = {
+	.set = printk_time_param_set,
+	.get = param_get_int,
+};
+
+module_param_cb(time, &printk_time_param_ops, &printk_time, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
 
 static size_t print_time(u64 ts, char *buf)
 {
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 8bfd1ac..d0caf14 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1,7 +1,9 @@
 menu "printk and dmesg options"
 
 config PRINTK_TIME
-	bool "Show timing information on printks"
+	int "Show timing information on printks (0-1)"
+	range 0 1
+	default "0"
 	depends on PRINTK
 	help
 	  Selecting this option causes time stamps of the printk()
@@ -10,7 +12,8 @@ config PRINTK_TIME
 
 	  The timestamp is always recorded internally, and exported
 	  to /dev/kmsg. This flag just specifies if the timestamp should
-	  be included, not that the timestamp is recorded.
+	  be included, not that the timestamp is recorded. 0 disables the
+	  timestamp and 1 uses the local clock.
 
 	  The behavior is also controlled by the kernel command line
 	  parameter printk.time=1. See Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/lock/CFcommon b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/lock/CFcommon
index e372dc2..779f984 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/lock/CFcommon
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/lock/CFcommon
@@ -1,2 +1,2 @@
 CONFIG_LOCK_TORTURE_TEST=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/CFcommon b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/CFcommon
index f824b4c..7461db3 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/CFcommon
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/CFcommon
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST=y
-CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=1
 CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_SLOW_CLEANUP=y
 CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_SLOW_INIT=y
 CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_SLOW_PREINIT=y
-- 
1.8.3.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 2/2 v6] printk, allow different timestamps for printk.time
  2016-02-23 17:53 [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Prarit Bhargava
  2016-02-23 17:53 ` [PATCH 1/2 v6] lib, switch CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME to int Prarit Bhargava
@ 2016-02-23 17:54 ` Prarit Bhargava
  2016-03-08  7:59 ` [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Thomas Gleixner
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Prarit Bhargava @ 2016-02-23 17:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Prarit Bhargava, Cc: Petr Mladek, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Thomas Gleixner, Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman,
	Petr Mladek, Tejun Heo, Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

Over the past years I've seen many reports of bugs that include
time-stamped kernel logs (enabled when CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=y or
print.time=1 is specified as a kernel parameter) that do not align
with either external time stamped logs or /var/log/messages.  This
also makes determining the time of a failure difficult in cases where
/var/log/messages is unavailable.

For example,

[root@intel-wildcatpass-06 ~]# date; echo "Hello!" > /dev/kmsg ; date
Thu Dec 17 13:58:31 EST 2015
Thu Dec 17 13:58:31 EST 2015

which displays

[83973.768912] Hello!

on the serial console.

Running a script to convert this to the stamped time,

[root@intel-wildcatpass-06 ~]# ./human.sh  | tail -1
[Thu Dec 17 13:59:57 2015] Hello!

which is already off by 1 minute and 26 seconds off after ~24 hours of
uptime.

This occurs because the time stamp is obtained from a call to
local_clock() which (on x86) is a direct call to the hardware.  These
hardware clock reads are not modified by the standard ntp or ptp protocol,
while the other timestamps are, and that results in situations external
time sources are further and further offset from the kernel log
timestamps.

This patch introduces printk.time=[0-3] allowing a user to specify an adjusted
clock to use with printk timestamps.  The hardware clock, or the existing
functionality, is preserved by default.

Real clock & 32-bit systems:  Selecting the real clock printk timestamp may
lead to unlikely situations where a timestamp is wrong because the real time
offset is read without the protection of a sequence lock in the call to
ktime_get_log_ts() in printk_get_ts().

[v2]: use NMI safe timekeeping access functions
[v3]: use tglx's ktime_get_log_ts() suggestion to get monotonic & real clocks
[v4]: Fix kernel parameters
[v5]: Modify configs to accept [0-3]
[v6]: Implement Kconfig changes from Petr Mladek, fix CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME=0
and dmesg bug

Cc: Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
Cc: Xunlei Pang <pang.xunlei@linaro.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linaro.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Hurley <peter@hurleysoftware.com>
Cc: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>
---
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |  6 ++++--
 include/linux/timekeeping.h         |  1 +
 kernel/printk/printk.c              | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 kernel/time/timekeeping.c           | 13 +++++++++++++
 lib/Kconfig.debug                   |  7 ++++---
 5 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index a86642c..92e9076 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3065,8 +3065,10 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
 			Format: <bool>  (1/Y/y=enable, 0/N/n=disable)
 			default: disabled
 
-	printk.time=	Show timing data prefixed to each printk message line
-			Format: <string>  (1/Y/y=enable, 0/N/n=disable)
+	printk.time=	Show timestamp prefixed to each printk message line
+			Format: <string>
+				(0/N/n = disable, 1/Y/y = local clock,
+				2 = monotonic clock, 3 = real clock)
 
 	processor.max_cstate=	[HW,ACPI]
 			Limit processor to maximum C-state
diff --git a/include/linux/timekeeping.h b/include/linux/timekeeping.h
index ec89d84..0b99a84 100644
--- a/include/linux/timekeeping.h
+++ b/include/linux/timekeeping.h
@@ -233,6 +233,7 @@ static inline u64 ktime_get_raw_ns(void)
 
 extern u64 ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(void);
 extern u64 ktime_get_raw_fast_ns(void);
+extern u64 ktime_get_log_ts(u64 *offset_real);
 
 /*
  * Timespec interfaces utilizing the ktime based ones
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 1f4a29b..dfe9ab0 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -420,6 +420,8 @@ static u32 truncate_msg(u16 *text_len, u16 *trunc_msg_len,
 	return msg_used_size(*text_len + *trunc_msg_len, 0, pad_len);
 }
 
+static u64 printk_get_ts(void);
+
 /* insert record into the buffer, discard old ones, update heads */
 static int log_store(int facility, int level,
 		     enum log_flags flags, u64 ts_nsec,
@@ -468,7 +470,7 @@ static int log_store(int facility, int level,
 	if (ts_nsec > 0)
 		msg->ts_nsec = ts_nsec;
 	else
-		msg->ts_nsec = local_clock();
+		msg->ts_nsec = printk_get_ts();
 	memset(log_dict(msg) + dict_len, 0, pad_len);
 	msg->len = size;
 
@@ -1037,6 +1039,12 @@ static inline void boot_delay_msec(int level)
 
 static int printk_time = CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME;
 
+/*
+ * Real clock & 32-bit systems:  Selecting the real clock printk timestamp may
+ * lead to unlikely situations where a timestamp is wrong because the real time
+ * offset is read without the protection of a sequence lock in the call to
+ * ktime_get_log_ts() in printk_get_ts() below.
+ */
 static int printk_time_param_set(const char *val,
 				 const struct kernel_param *kp)
 {
@@ -1058,6 +1066,14 @@ static int printk_time_param_set(const char *val,
 	case 'y':
 		printk_time = 1;
 		break;
+	/* 2 = monotonic clock */
+	case '2':
+		printk_time = 2;
+		break;
+	/* 3 = real clock */
+	case '3':
+		printk_time = 3;
+		break;
 	default:
 		pr_warn("printk: invalid timestamp value\n");
 		return -EINVAL;
@@ -1075,6 +1091,21 @@ static struct kernel_param_ops printk_time_param_ops = {
 
 module_param_cb(time, &printk_time_param_ops, &printk_time, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
 
+static u64 printk_get_ts(void)
+{
+	u64 mono, offset_real;
+
+	if (printk_time <= 1)
+		return local_clock();
+
+	mono = ktime_get_log_ts(&offset_real);
+
+	if (printk_time == 2)
+		return mono;
+
+	return mono + offset_real;
+}
+
 static size_t print_time(u64 ts, char *buf)
 {
 	unsigned long rem_nsec;
@@ -1651,7 +1682,7 @@ static bool cont_add(int facility, int level, const char *text, size_t len)
 		cont.facility = facility;
 		cont.level = level;
 		cont.owner = current;
-		cont.ts_nsec = local_clock();
+		cont.ts_nsec = printk_get_ts();
 		cont.flags = 0;
 		cont.cons = 0;
 		cont.flushed = false;
diff --git a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
index 34b4ced..698e1a2 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timekeeping.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ static struct {
 
 static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(timekeeper_lock);
 static struct timekeeper shadow_timekeeper;
+static int timekeeping_active;
 
 /**
  * struct tk_fast - NMI safe timekeeper
@@ -401,6 +402,16 @@ u64 ktime_get_raw_fast_ns(void)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_raw_fast_ns);
 
+u64 ktime_get_log_ts(u64 *offset_real)
+{
+	*offset_real = ktime_to_ns(tk_core.timekeeper.offs_real);
+
+	if (timekeeping_active)
+		return ktime_get_mono_fast_ns();
+	else
+		return local_clock();
+}
+
 /* Suspend-time cycles value for halted fast timekeeper. */
 static cycle_t cycles_at_suspend;
 
@@ -1267,6 +1278,8 @@ void __init timekeeping_init(void)
 
 	write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq);
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags);
+
+	timekeeping_active = 1;
 }
 
 /* time in seconds when suspend began for persistent clock */
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index d0caf14..cb2598f 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1,8 +1,8 @@
 menu "printk and dmesg options"
 
 config PRINTK_TIME
-	int "Show timing information on printks (0-1)"
-	range 0 1
+	int "Show timing information on printks (0-3)"
+	range 0 3
 	default "0"
 	depends on PRINTK
 	help
@@ -13,7 +13,8 @@ config PRINTK_TIME
 	  The timestamp is always recorded internally, and exported
 	  to /dev/kmsg. This flag just specifies if the timestamp should
 	  be included, not that the timestamp is recorded. 0 disables the
-	  timestamp and 1 uses the local clock.
+	  timestamp and 1 uses the local clock, 2 uses the monotonic clock, and
+	  3 uses real clock.
 
 	  The behavior is also controlled by the kernel command line
 	  parameter printk.time=1. See Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
-- 
1.8.3.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-02-23 17:53 [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Prarit Bhargava
  2016-02-23 17:53 ` [PATCH 1/2 v6] lib, switch CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME to int Prarit Bhargava
  2016-02-23 17:54 ` [PATCH 2/2 v6] printk, allow different timestamps for printk.time Prarit Bhargava
@ 2016-03-08  7:59 ` Thomas Gleixner
  2016-03-08 11:03   ` Prarit Bhargava
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2016-03-08  7:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Prarit Bhargava
  Cc: linux-kernel, Petr Mladek, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang, Baolin Wang,
	Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Petr Mladek, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

On Tue, 23 Feb 2016, Prarit Bhargava wrote:

> This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
> changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
> timestamps that are added in patch 2.
> 
> Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
> fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.

How is that solved?

Thanks,

	tglx

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-03-08  7:59 ` [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Thomas Gleixner
@ 2016-03-08 11:03   ` Prarit Bhargava
  2016-03-10 10:00     ` Petr Mladek
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Prarit Bhargava @ 2016-03-08 11:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Gleixner
  Cc: linux-kernel, Petr Mladek, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang, Baolin Wang,
	Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Petr Mladek, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches



On 03/08/2016 02:59 AM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> On Tue, 23 Feb 2016, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> 
>> This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
>> changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
>> timestamps that are added in patch 2.
>>
>> Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
>> fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.
> 
> How is that solved?

Hi Thomas,

Userspace programs can now look at /sys/modules/printk/parameters/time which
will contain [0-3] for the timestamp clock.

The file is globally readable so it shouldn't cause any problems for userspace
programs:

[root@intel-wildcatpass-06 dummy-module]# ls -l /sys/module/printk/parameters/time
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 4096 Mar  8 06:01 /sys/module/printk/parameters/time

P.

> 
> Thanks,
> 
> 	tglx
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-03-08 11:03   ` Prarit Bhargava
@ 2016-03-10 10:00     ` Petr Mladek
  2016-03-10 15:35       ` Thomas Gleixner
  2016-04-18 15:30       ` Prarit Bhargava
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Petr Mladek @ 2016-03-10 10:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Prarit Bhargava
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

On Tue 2016-03-08 06:03:24, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> 
> 
> On 03/08/2016 02:59 AM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> > On Tue, 23 Feb 2016, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> > 
> >> This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
> >> changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
> >> timestamps that are added in patch 2.
> >>
> >> Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
> >> fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.
> > 
> > How is that solved?
> 
> Hi Thomas,
> 
> Userspace programs can now look at /sys/modules/printk/parameters/time which
> will contain [0-3] for the timestamp clock.

But it includes only the current setting that is valid only for
messages printed with this setting. The ring buffer might include
different messages produced with different setting.

I suggest to look how dmesg handles the time stamp. I wonder how it
converts the relative time into an absolute one. I wonder if you
could convert all timestamps to the relative format, so that you
do not need to change all userspace tools at all.

Best regards,
Petr

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-03-10 10:00     ` Petr Mladek
@ 2016-03-10 15:35       ` Thomas Gleixner
  2016-04-18 15:30       ` Prarit Bhargava
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2016-03-10 15:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Petr Mladek
  Cc: Prarit Bhargava, linux-kernel, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

On Thu, 10 Mar 2016, Petr Mladek wrote:
> On Tue 2016-03-08 06:03:24, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> > 
> > 
> > On 03/08/2016 02:59 AM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> > > On Tue, 23 Feb 2016, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> > > 
> > >> This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
> > >> changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
> > >> timestamps that are added in patch 2.
> > >>
> > >> Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
> > >> fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.
> > > 
> > > How is that solved?
> > 
> > Hi Thomas,
> > 
> > Userspace programs can now look at /sys/modules/printk/parameters/time which
> > will contain [0-3] for the timestamp clock.
> 
> But it includes only the current setting that is valid only for
> messages printed with this setting. The ring buffer might include
> different messages produced with different setting.
> 
> I suggest to look how dmesg handles the time stamp. I wonder how it
> converts the relative time into an absolute one. I wonder if you
> could convert all timestamps to the relative format, so that you
> do not need to change all userspace tools at all.

  ctime = system_boot_time + dmesg_stamp

The reason why you see wrong values here is that dmesg_stamp is not based on
clock monotonic. So if printk uses clock monotonic, dmesg does not have to be
changed.

Though you have to know, that the above is a linearized history because
system_boot_time is 

  clock_monotonic_now() + boot_offset

So you can't observe stuff like leap seconds, settimeofday or other things
which result in a non linear behaviour of clock realtime.

Thanks,

	tglx

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-03-10 10:00     ` Petr Mladek
  2016-03-10 15:35       ` Thomas Gleixner
@ 2016-04-18 15:30       ` Prarit Bhargava
  2016-04-19  8:56         ` Petr Mladek
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Prarit Bhargava @ 2016-04-18 15:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Petr Mladek
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches



On 03/10/2016 05:00 AM, Petr Mladek wrote:
> On Tue 2016-03-08 06:03:24, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 03/08/2016 02:59 AM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
>>> On Tue, 23 Feb 2016, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
>>>
>>>> This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
>>>> changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
>>>> timestamps that are added in patch 2.
>>>>
>>>> Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
>>>> fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.
>>>
>>> How is that solved?
>>
>> Hi Thomas,
>>
>> Userspace programs can now look at /sys/modules/printk/parameters/time which
>> will contain [0-3] for the timestamp clock.
> 
> But it includes only the current setting that is valid only for
> messages printed with this setting. The ring buffer might include
> different messages produced with different setting.
> 
> I suggest to look how dmesg handles the time stamp. I wonder how it
> converts the relative time into an absolute one. I wonder if you
> could convert all timestamps to the relative format, so that you
> do not need to change all userspace tools at all.

I looked into this and the only thing I can come up with is that I modify the
patchset to allow users to set the timestamp type at boot but not runtime.
Having to set it at runtime would require additional timestamp information be
added to the output of /dev/kmsg.

Petr -- the dmesg code can be found in the utils-linux package,
sys-utils/dmesg.c.  The timestamping displaying code is this function:

static struct tm *record_localtime(struct dmesg_control *ctl,
                                   struct dmesg_record *rec,
                                   struct tm *tm)
{
        time_t t = ctl->boot_time + rec->tv.tv_sec;
        return localtime_r(&t, tm);
}

If you have any suggestion on how to modify it, I'm more than willing to do it.
 If not, then I suggest I change the code to make the timestamp RO during runtime.

P.
> 
> Best regards,
> Petr
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-04-18 15:30       ` Prarit Bhargava
@ 2016-04-19  8:56         ` Petr Mladek
  2016-04-20 17:09           ` Prarit Bhargava
  2016-04-21 13:20           ` Prarit Bhargava
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Petr Mladek @ 2016-04-19  8:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Prarit Bhargava
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

On Mon 2016-04-18 11:30:52, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> 
> 
> On 03/10/2016 05:00 AM, Petr Mladek wrote:
> > On Tue 2016-03-08 06:03:24, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> >>
> >>
> >> On 03/08/2016 02:59 AM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> >>> On Tue, 23 Feb 2016, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> >>>
> >>>> This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
> >>>> changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
> >>>> timestamps that are added in patch 2.
> >>>>
> >>>> Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
> >>>> fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.
> >>>
> >>> How is that solved?
> >>
> >> Hi Thomas,
> >>
> >> Userspace programs can now look at /sys/modules/printk/parameters/time which
> >> will contain [0-3] for the timestamp clock.
> > 
> > But it includes only the current setting that is valid only for
> > messages printed with this setting. The ring buffer might include
> > different messages produced with different setting.
> > 
> > I suggest to look how dmesg handles the time stamp. I wonder how it
> > converts the relative time into an absolute one. I wonder if you
> > could convert all timestamps to the relative format, so that you
> > do not need to change all userspace tools at all.
> 
> I looked into this and the only thing I can come up with is that I modify the
> patchset to allow users to set the timestamp type at boot but not runtime.
> Having to set it at runtime would require additional timestamp information be
> added to the output of /dev/kmsg.
> 
> Petr -- the dmesg code can be found in the utils-linux package,
> sys-utils/dmesg.c.  The timestamping displaying code is this function:
> 
> static struct tm *record_localtime(struct dmesg_control *ctl,
>                                    struct dmesg_record *rec,
>                                    struct tm *tm)
> {
>         time_t t = ctl->boot_time + rec->tv.tv_sec;
>         return localtime_r(&t, tm);
> }
>
> If you have any suggestion on how to modify it, I'm more than willing to do it.
>  If not, then I suggest I change the code to make the timestamp RO during runtime.

Hmm, If you allow to change the timestamp format only at boot time, it
will make things easier. I just wonder if it would work correctly for
early messages. For example, are there any messages printed before
the real time clock is initialized? Which timestamp will they use?

Also note that you still need to modify the dmesg code. It must
not add boot_time when real time timestamp is used.

And you need to modify also the other tools, e.g. crash.


Best Regards,
Petr

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-04-19  8:56         ` Petr Mladek
@ 2016-04-20 17:09           ` Prarit Bhargava
  2016-04-21 13:20           ` Prarit Bhargava
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Prarit Bhargava @ 2016-04-20 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Petr Mladek
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches



On 04/19/2016 04:56 AM, Petr Mladek wrote:
> On Mon 2016-04-18 11:30:52, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 03/10/2016 05:00 AM, Petr Mladek wrote:
>>> On Tue 2016-03-08 06:03:24, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On 03/08/2016 02:59 AM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, 23 Feb 2016, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>> This patchset adds monotonic and real printk timestamps.  The first patch
>>>>>> changes CONFIG_PRINT_TIME from a bool to an int to allow for the additional
>>>>>> timestamps that are added in patch 2.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Changes from v6: Petr Mladek pointed out that the current patch
>>>>>> fails to indicate to userspace programs which timestamp is being used.
>>>>>
>>>>> How is that solved?
>>>>
>>>> Hi Thomas,
>>>>
>>>> Userspace programs can now look at /sys/modules/printk/parameters/time which
>>>> will contain [0-3] for the timestamp clock.
>>>
>>> But it includes only the current setting that is valid only for
>>> messages printed with this setting. The ring buffer might include
>>> different messages produced with different setting.
>>>
>>> I suggest to look how dmesg handles the time stamp. I wonder how it
>>> converts the relative time into an absolute one. I wonder if you
>>> could convert all timestamps to the relative format, so that you
>>> do not need to change all userspace tools at all.
>>
>> I looked into this and the only thing I can come up with is that I modify the
>> patchset to allow users to set the timestamp type at boot but not runtime.
>> Having to set it at runtime would require additional timestamp information be
>> added to the output of /dev/kmsg.
>>
>> Petr -- the dmesg code can be found in the utils-linux package,
>> sys-utils/dmesg.c.  The timestamping displaying code is this function:
>>
>> static struct tm *record_localtime(struct dmesg_control *ctl,
>>                                    struct dmesg_record *rec,
>>                                    struct tm *tm)
>> {
>>         time_t t = ctl->boot_time + rec->tv.tv_sec;
>>         return localtime_r(&t, tm);
>> }
>>
>> If you have any suggestion on how to modify it, I'm more than willing to do it.
>>  If not, then I suggest I change the code to make the timestamp RO during runtime.
> 
> Hmm, If you allow to change the timestamp format only at boot time, it
> will make things easier. I just wonder if it would work correctly for
> early messages. For example, are there any messages printed before
> the real time clock is initialized? Which timestamp will they use?

0.0000 is printed out before the clock is initialized.   I'll make sure it does
the right thing.

> 
> Also note that you still need to modify the dmesg code. It must
> not add boot_time when real time timestamp is used.
> 

Yep.  It looks like the output of the ctime and iso timestamps need to be verified.

> And you need to modify also the other tools, e.g. crash.

I'm going to talk with anderson@redhat.com about this tomorrow.

P.
> 
> 
> Best Regards,
> Petr
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-04-19  8:56         ` Petr Mladek
  2016-04-20 17:09           ` Prarit Bhargava
@ 2016-04-21 13:20           ` Prarit Bhargava
  2016-04-26 13:00             ` Petr Mladek
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Prarit Bhargava @ 2016-04-21 13:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Petr Mladek
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches



On 04/19/2016 04:56 AM, Petr Mladek wrote:
> On Mon 2016-04-18 11:30:52, Prarit Bhargava wrote:

> Hmm, If you allow to change the timestamp format only at boot time, it
> will make things easier. I just wonder if it would work correctly for
> early messages. For example, are there any messages printed before
> the real time clock is initialized? Which timestamp will they use?
>
> Also note that you still need to modify the dmesg code. It must
> not add boot_time when real time timestamp is used.
>

I've got a util-linux patch in-hand that does this (sorry for the
cut-and-paste) and I've verified that ctime, delta, iso, notime and
reltime all appear to work 1) without my kernel patches applied,
2) with my kernel patches applied, and 3) with printk.time=[0-3]
as kernel parameters.

diff --git a/sys-utils/dmesg.c b/sys-utils/dmesg.c
index cf93331..c49a202 100644
--- a/sys-utils/dmesg.c
+++ b/sys-utils/dmesg.c
@@ -1194,9 +1194,31 @@ static int which_time_format(const char *optarg)
 	errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("unknown time format: %s"), optarg);
 }

-#ifdef TEST_DMESG
+static int needs_boot_time(void)
+{
+	FILE *fd;
+	int ret = 1;
+	int val;
+
+	/*
+	 * Newer kernels have /sys/modules/printk/parameter/time = [0-3]
+	 * where 0 = off, 1 = local clock, 2 = boot time, and 3 = real time.
+	 * If the file isn't present it means the functionality isn't there
+	 * and the boot_time offset is needed.
+	 */
+	fd = fopen("/sys/module/printk/parameters/time", "r");
+	if (!fd)
+		return ret;
+	fscanf(fd, "%d", &val);
+	if (val == 3)
+		ret = 0;
+	fclose(fd);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static inline int dmesg_get_boot_time(struct timeval *tv)
 {
+#ifdef TEST_DMESG
 	char *str = getenv("DMESG_TEST_BOOTIME");
 	uintmax_t sec, usec;

@@ -1205,12 +1227,15 @@ static inline int dmesg_get_boot_time(struct timeval *tv)
 		tv->tv_usec = usec;
 		return tv->tv_sec >= 0 && tv->tv_usec >= 0 ? 0 : -EINVAL;
 	}
+#endif
+
+	if (needs_boot_time())
+		return get_boot_time(tv);

-	return get_boot_time(tv);
+	tv->tv_sec = 0;
+	tv->tv_usec = 0;
+	return 0;
 }
-#else
-# define dmesg_get_boot_time	get_boot_time
-#endif

 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 {
-- 
1.8.3.1

> And you need to modify also the other tools, e.g. crash.
>

I spoke with anderson@redhat.com this morning and he agrees
that no change should be necessary for crash.  A quick test shows that
the logging mechanism (dmesg or log) works after the patches are applied
and printk is in REALTIME mode.

IMO dmesg is the big one and I will modify that after I see acceptance
of this patch.

P.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps
  2016-04-21 13:20           ` Prarit Bhargava
@ 2016-04-26 13:00             ` Petr Mladek
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Petr Mladek @ 2016-04-26 13:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Prarit Bhargava
  Cc: Thomas Gleixner, linux-kernel, John Stultz, Xunlei Pang,
	Baolin Wang, Andrew Morton, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Tejun Heo,
	Peter Hurley, Vasily Averin, Joe Perches

On Thu 2016-04-21 09:20:41, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> 
> 
> On 04/19/2016 04:56 AM, Petr Mladek wrote:
> > On Mon 2016-04-18 11:30:52, Prarit Bhargava wrote:
> 
> > Hmm, If you allow to change the timestamp format only at boot time, it
> > will make things easier. I just wonder if it would work correctly for
> > early messages. For example, are there any messages printed before
> > the real time clock is initialized? Which timestamp will they use?
> >
> > Also note that you still need to modify the dmesg code. It must
> > not add boot_time when real time timestamp is used.
> >
> 
> I've got a util-linux patch in-hand that does this (sorry for the
> cut-and-paste) and I've verified that ctime, delta, iso, notime and
> reltime all appear to work 1) without my kernel patches applied,
> 2) with my kernel patches applied, and 3) with printk.time=[0-3]
> as kernel parameters.
> 
> diff --git a/sys-utils/dmesg.c b/sys-utils/dmesg.c
> index cf93331..c49a202 100644
> --- a/sys-utils/dmesg.c
> +++ b/sys-utils/dmesg.c
> @@ -1194,9 +1194,31 @@ static int which_time_format(const char *optarg)
>  	errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("unknown time format: %s"), optarg);
>  }
> 
> -#ifdef TEST_DMESG
> +static int needs_boot_time(void)
> +{
> +	FILE *fd;
> +	int ret = 1;
> +	int val;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Newer kernels have /sys/modules/printk/parameter/time = [0-3]
> +	 * where 0 = off, 1 = local clock, 2 = boot time, and 3 = real time.
> +	 * If the file isn't present it means the functionality isn't there
> +	 * and the boot_time offset is needed.
> +	 */
> +	fd = fopen("/sys/module/printk/parameters/time", "r");
> +	if (!fd)
> +		return ret;
> +	fscanf(fd, "%d", &val);
> +	if (val == 3)
> +		ret = 0;
> +	fclose(fd);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
>  static inline int dmesg_get_boot_time(struct timeval *tv)
>  {
> +#ifdef TEST_DMESG
>  	char *str = getenv("DMESG_TEST_BOOTIME");
>  	uintmax_t sec, usec;
> 
> @@ -1205,12 +1227,15 @@ static inline int dmesg_get_boot_time(struct timeval *tv)
>  		tv->tv_usec = usec;
>  		return tv->tv_sec >= 0 && tv->tv_usec >= 0 ? 0 : -EINVAL;
>  	}
> +#endif
> +
> +	if (needs_boot_time())
> +		return get_boot_time(tv);
> 
> -	return get_boot_time(tv);
> +	tv->tv_sec = 0;
> +	tv->tv_usec = 0;
> +	return 0;
>  }
> -#else
> -# define dmesg_get_boot_time	get_boot_time
> -#endif
> 
>  int main(int argc, char *argv[])
>  {
> -- 
> 1.8.3.1

This produces the following result. The time stamp jumps when
the timekeeping stuf gets initialized:

dmesg

[    0.000000] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16
[1461600428.402984] Console: colour dummy device 80x25
[1461600428.402984] console [tty0] enabled


dmesg --time-format ctime

[Thu Jan  1 01:00:00 1970] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
[Thu Jan  1 01:00:00 1970] NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16
[Mon Apr 25 18:07:08 2016] Console: colour dummy device 80x25
[Mon Apr 25 18:07:08 2016] console [tty0] enabled


dmesg --time-format iso

1970-01-01T01:00:00,000000+0100 RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
1970-01-01T01:00:00,000000+0100 NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16
2016-04-25T18:07:08,402984+0200 Console: colour dummy device 80x25
2016-04-25T18:07:08,402984+0200 console [tty0] enabled


dmesg --time-format reltime

[  +0.000000] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
[  +0.000000] NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16
[Apr25 18:07] Console: colour dummy device 80x25
[  +0.000000] console [tty0] enabled


I think that it would be better to fallback to the boot time before
the timekeeping stuff is initialized. It is easy to detect because
the timestamp is zero.

I played with it. Please find an alternative patch below. I have got
the following output with it:

dmesg

[    0.000000] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16
[1461600428.402984] Console: colour dummy device 80x25
[1461600428.402984] console [tty0] enabled


dmesg --time-format ctime

[Mon Apr 25 18:07:08 2016]      Build-time adjustment of leaf fanout to 64.
[Mon Apr 25 18:07:08 2016]      RCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=8192 to nr_cpu_ids=4.
[Mon Apr 25 18:07:08 2016] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
[Mon Apr 25 18:07:08 2016] NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16


dmesg --time-format iso

2016-04-25T18:07:08,000000+0200         Build-time adjustment of leaf fanout to 64.
2016-04-25T18:07:08,000000+0200         RCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=8192 to nr_cpu_ids=4.
2016-04-25T18:07:08,000000+0200 RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
2016-04-25T18:07:08,000000+0200 NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16


dmesg --time-format reltime

[  +0.000000]   Build-time adjustment of leaf fanout to 64.
[  +0.000000]   RCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=8192 to nr_cpu_ids=4.
[  +0.000000] RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=64, nr_cpu_ids=4
[  +0.000000] NR_IRQS:524544 nr_irqs:456 16



> 
> > And you need to modify also the other tools, e.g. crash.
> >
> 
> I spoke with anderson@redhat.com this morning and he agrees
> that no change should be necessary for crash.  A quick test shows that
> the logging mechanism (dmesg or log) works after the patches are applied
> and printk is in REALTIME mode.

I see. crash shows the timestamp value as it. It does not have the
ctime or iso modes that would add the boot time.

> 
> IMO dmesg is the big one and I will modify that after I see acceptance
> of this patch.

OK, here is my alternative patch based on your one:

--- sys-utils/dmesg.c.orig	2016-03-16 10:39:39.000000000 +0100
+++ sys-utils/dmesg.c	2016-04-26 14:36:52.403747573 +0200
@@ -170,6 +170,7 @@ struct dmesg_control {
 	struct timeval	lasttime;	/* last printed timestamp */
 	struct tm	lasttm;		/* last localtime */
 	struct timeval	boot_time;	/* system boot time */
+	int		realtime_stamp; /* using realtime stamps */
 
 	int		action;		/* SYSLOG_ACTION_* */
 	int		method;		/* DMESG_METHOD_* */
@@ -800,7 +801,13 @@ static struct tm *record_localtime(struc
 				   struct dmesg_record *rec,
 				   struct tm *tm)
 {
-	time_t t = ctl->boot_time.tv_sec + rec->tv.tv_sec;
+	time_t t = rec->tv.tv_sec;
+	/*
+	 * Use the boot time also when the real time stamp is zero. It was
+	 * generated before the timekeeping stuff was initialized.
+	 */
+	if (!ctl->realtime_stamp || !t)
+		t += ctl->boot_time.tv_sec;
 	return localtime_r(&t, tm);
 }
 
@@ -1194,9 +1201,31 @@ static int which_time_format(const char
 	errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("unknown time format: %s"), optarg);
 }
 
-#ifdef TEST_DMESG
+static int use_realtime_stamp(void)
+{
+	FILE *fd;
+	int ret = 0;
+	int val;
+
+	/*
+	 * Newer kernels have /sys/modules/printk/parameter/time = [0-3]
+	 * where 0 = off, 1 = local clock, 2 = boot time, and 3 = real time.
+	 * If the file isn't present it means the functionality isn't there
+	 * and the boot_time offset is needed.
+	 */
+	fd = fopen("/sys/module/printk/parameters/time", "r");
+	if (!fd)
+		return 0;
+	fscanf(fd, "%d", &val);
+	if (val == 3)
+		ret = 1;
+	fclose(fd);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static inline int dmesg_get_boot_time(struct timeval *tv)
 {
+#ifdef TEST_DMESG
 	char *str = getenv("DMESG_TEST_BOOTIME");
 	uintmax_t sec, usec;
 
@@ -1205,12 +1234,9 @@ static inline int dmesg_get_boot_time(st
 		tv->tv_usec = usec;
 		return tv->tv_sec >= 0 && tv->tv_usec >= 0 ? 0 : -EINVAL;
 	}
-
+#endif
 	return get_boot_time(tv);
 }
-#else
-# define dmesg_get_boot_time	get_boot_time
-#endif
 
 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 {
@@ -1396,6 +1422,7 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 	if (is_timefmt(&ctl, RELTIME) ||
 	    is_timefmt(&ctl, CTIME) ||
 	    is_timefmt(&ctl, ISO8601)) {
+		ctl.realtime_stamp = use_realtime_stamp();
 		if (dmesg_get_boot_time(&ctl.boot_time) != 0)
 			ctl.time_fmt = DMESG_TIMEFTM_NONE;
 	}


> 
> P.
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2016-04-26 13:01 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 12+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2016-02-23 17:53 [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Prarit Bhargava
2016-02-23 17:53 ` [PATCH 1/2 v6] lib, switch CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME to int Prarit Bhargava
2016-02-23 17:54 ` [PATCH 2/2 v6] printk, allow different timestamps for printk.time Prarit Bhargava
2016-03-08  7:59 ` [PATCH 0/2 v6] printk, Add monotonic and real printk timestamps Thomas Gleixner
2016-03-08 11:03   ` Prarit Bhargava
2016-03-10 10:00     ` Petr Mladek
2016-03-10 15:35       ` Thomas Gleixner
2016-04-18 15:30       ` Prarit Bhargava
2016-04-19  8:56         ` Petr Mladek
2016-04-20 17:09           ` Prarit Bhargava
2016-04-21 13:20           ` Prarit Bhargava
2016-04-26 13:00             ` Petr Mladek

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