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* Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
@ 2016-07-26 11:32 Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 14:04 ` Borislav Petkov
  2016-07-26 14:39 ` Josh Poimboeuf
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-26 11:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Borislav Petkov, Josh Poimboeuf, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 720 bytes --]

Hi,

The following commit:

commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600

    x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
    
    do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
    honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
    
    Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.

is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).

I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
need to revert the above I'm afraid.

Thanks,
Rafael

[-- Attachment #2: bugzilla-daemon@bugzilla.kernel.org: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk --]
[-- Type: message/rfc822, Size: 3415 bytes --]

From: bugzilla-daemon@bugzilla.kernel.org
To: rjw@rjwysocki.net
Subject: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
Date: Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:16:29 +0000
Message-ID: <bug-150021-76231@https.bugzilla.kernel.org/>

https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=150021

            Bug ID: 150021
           Summary: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected
                    page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
           Product: Power Management
           Version: 2.5
    Kernel Version: 4.6.x
          Hardware: All
                OS: Linux
              Tree: Mainline
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P1
         Component: Hibernation/Suspend
          Assignee: rjw@rjwysocki.net
          Reporter: shuzzle@mailbox.org
        Regression: No

Created attachment 226381
  --> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/attachment.cgi?id=226381&action=edit
last working .config

Overview: 

When commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f is applied to my kernel
sources my kernel panics when trying to resume from hibernate to disk.


Steps to Reproduce: 

1. have a working hibernate/resume setup
2. compile 4.6.x kernel
3. boot and hibernate to disk
4. test various kernels using "git bisect".


Actual Results: kernel panics when trying to resume from hibernate to disk.

Expected Results: Resume from hibernate to disk like kernels without commit
13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f did.


I attached my working .config of my 4.5.7 kernel.

Any help will be appreciated. Thanks!

-- 
You are receiving this mail because:
You are the assignee for the bug.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 11:32 Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-26 14:04 ` Borislav Petkov
  2016-07-26 20:24   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 14:39 ` Josh Poimboeuf
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Borislav Petkov @ 2016-07-26 14:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Josh Poimboeuf, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle,
	Thomas Garnier, Kees Cook

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> The following commit:
> 
> commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> 
>     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
>     
>     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
>     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
>     
>     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> 
> is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> 
> I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> need to revert the above I'm afraid.

So I can't resume properly from disk too, on the Intel laptop this time. Top
commit is from tip/master:

commit 516f48acf59722429acd323b3d283f74f02891fe (refs/remotes/tip/master)
Merge: a4823bbffc96 dd9506954539
Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Date:   Mon Jul 25 08:39:43 2016 +0200

    Merge branch 'linus'


So I thought it might be Josh's patch above and reverted it. No joy.

Then I remembered that I enabled CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY for the
microcode loader breakage which we've been debugging. Turned that off
and machine resumes fine again.

It looks like

  0483e1fa6e09 ("x86/mm: Implement ASLR for kernel memory regions")

broke a bunch of things. Off the top of my head, we probably should make
suspend to disk and CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY mutually exclusive, like it
was the case with ASLR previously, AFAIR.

Adding more people to CC and leaving in the rest for reference.

> Date: Mon, 25 Jul 2016 21:16:29 +0000
> From: bugzilla-daemon@bugzilla.kernel.org
> To: rjw@rjwysocki.net
> Subject: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute
>  NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
> Message-ID: <bug-150021-76231@https.bugzilla.kernel.org/>
> 
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=150021
> 
>             Bug ID: 150021
>            Summary: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected
>                     page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
>            Product: Power Management
>            Version: 2.5
>     Kernel Version: 4.6.x
>           Hardware: All
>                 OS: Linux
>               Tree: Mainline
>             Status: NEW
>           Severity: normal
>           Priority: P1
>          Component: Hibernation/Suspend
>           Assignee: rjw@rjwysocki.net
>           Reporter: shuzzle@mailbox.org
>         Regression: No
> 
> Created attachment 226381
>   --> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/attachment.cgi?id=226381&action=edit
> last working .config
> 
> Overview: 
> 
> When commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f is applied to my kernel
> sources my kernel panics when trying to resume from hibernate to disk.
> 
> 
> Steps to Reproduce: 
> 
> 1. have a working hibernate/resume setup
> 2. compile 4.6.x kernel
> 3. boot and hibernate to disk
> 4. test various kernels using "git bisect".
> 
> 
> Actual Results: kernel panics when trying to resume from hibernate to disk.
> 
> Expected Results: Resume from hibernate to disk like kernels without commit
> 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f did.
> 
> 
> I attached my working .config of my 4.5.7 kernel.
> 
> Any help will be appreciated. Thanks!
> 
> -- 
> You are receiving this mail because:
> You are the assignee for the bug.


-- 
Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.

ECO tip #101: Trim your mails when you reply.

SUSE Linux GmbH, GF: Felix Imendörffer, Jane Smithard, Graham Norton, HRB 21284 (AG Nürnberg)
--

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 11:32 Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 14:04 ` Borislav Petkov
@ 2016-07-26 14:39 ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-26 20:15   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Josh Poimboeuf @ 2016-07-26 14:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> The following commit:
> 
> commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> 
>     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
>     
>     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
>     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
>     
>     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> 
> is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> 
> I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> need to revert the above I'm afraid.

Hi Rafael,

Is the oops output available somewhere?

-- 
Josh

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 14:39 ` Josh Poimboeuf
@ 2016-07-26 20:15   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 20:31     ` Kees Cook
  2016-07-26 21:53     ` Josh Poimboeuf
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-26 20:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf, Ingo Molnar
  Cc: Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle

On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > Hi,
> > 
> > The following commit:
> > 
> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> > 
> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> >     
> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> >     
> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> > 
> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> > 
> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.

So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.

> Hi Rafael,
> 
> Is the oops output available somewhere?

Not yet, but I've just ask the reporter to attach it to the $subject BZ entry.

In any case, this is nasty stuff and the reason why we made that change was
relatively weak IMO.

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 14:04 ` Borislav Petkov
@ 2016-07-26 20:24   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 20:33     ` Kees Cook
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-26 20:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Borislav Petkov
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Josh Poimboeuf, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle,
	Thomas Garnier, Kees Cook

On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:04:42 PM Borislav Petkov wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > Hi,
> > 
> > The following commit:
> > 
> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> > 
> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> >     
> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> >     
> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> > 
> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> > 
> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> 
> So I can't resume properly from disk too, on the Intel laptop this time. Top
> commit is from tip/master:
> 
> commit 516f48acf59722429acd323b3d283f74f02891fe (refs/remotes/tip/master)
> Merge: a4823bbffc96 dd9506954539
> Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> Date:   Mon Jul 25 08:39:43 2016 +0200
> 
>     Merge branch 'linus'
> 
> 
> So I thought it might be Josh's patch above and reverted it. No joy.
> 
> Then I remembered that I enabled CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY for the
> microcode loader breakage which we've been debugging. Turned that off
> and machine resumes fine again.

Well, I wasn't aware of *another* flavor of ASLR in the works.  And there
was no hope it would not break hibernation if you asked me.

> It looks like
> 
>   0483e1fa6e09 ("x86/mm: Implement ASLR for kernel memory regions")
> 
> broke a bunch of things. Off the top of my head, we probably should make
> suspend to disk and CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY mutually exclusive, like it
> was the case with ASLR previously, AFAIR.

Please no.

First off, it should be perfectly possible to make hibernation work along
with this new variant of ASLR.  Second, quite obviously, the author of these
ASLR changes had not done sufficient research to estimate the possible
impact of them.

Honestly, I don't think it is a good idea to introduce random Kconfig options
for working around cases in which the author of some changes cannot be bothered
with doing things right.  Even if that is security.

So IMO, either we should fix the problem, or that whole new ASLR stuff should
be reverted.

I think I know how to fix it, but I won't be able to get to that before the
next week.  I guess it can wait till then, though.

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 20:15   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-26 20:31     ` Kees Cook
  2016-07-26 20:42       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 21:53     ` Josh Poimboeuf
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Kees Cook @ 2016-07-26 20:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Josh Poimboeuf, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:15 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
>> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> > Hi,
>> >
>> > The following commit:
>> >
>> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
>> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
>> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
>> >
>> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
>> >
>> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
>> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
>> >
>> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
>> >
>> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
>> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
>> >
>> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
>> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
>
> So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
> commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.

To make sure I understand:

There are two separate bugs here that break hibernation?

>> Hi Rafael,
>>
>> Is the oops output available somewhere?
>
> Not yet, but I've just ask the reporter to attach it to the $subject BZ entry.
>
> In any case, this is nasty stuff and the reason why we made that change was
> relatively weak IMO.
>
> Thanks,
> Rafael
>

-Kees

-- 
Kees Cook
Chrome OS & Brillo Security

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 20:24   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-26 20:33     ` Kees Cook
  2016-07-26 20:53       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Kees Cook @ 2016-07-26 20:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Borislav Petkov, Ingo Molnar, Josh Poimboeuf, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle, Thomas Garnier

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:24 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:04:42 PM Borislav Petkov wrote:
>> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> > Hi,
>> >
>> > The following commit:
>> >
>> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
>> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
>> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
>> >
>> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
>> >
>> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
>> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
>> >
>> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
>> >
>> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
>> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
>> >
>> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
>> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
>>
>> So I can't resume properly from disk too, on the Intel laptop this time. Top
>> commit is from tip/master:
>>
>> commit 516f48acf59722429acd323b3d283f74f02891fe (refs/remotes/tip/master)
>> Merge: a4823bbffc96 dd9506954539
>> Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
>> Date:   Mon Jul 25 08:39:43 2016 +0200
>>
>>     Merge branch 'linus'
>>
>>
>> So I thought it might be Josh's patch above and reverted it. No joy.
>>
>> Then I remembered that I enabled CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY for the
>> microcode loader breakage which we've been debugging. Turned that off
>> and machine resumes fine again.
>
> Well, I wasn't aware of *another* flavor of ASLR in the works.  And there
> was no hope it would not break hibernation if you asked me.
>
>> It looks like
>>
>>   0483e1fa6e09 ("x86/mm: Implement ASLR for kernel memory regions")
>>
>> broke a bunch of things. Off the top of my head, we probably should make
>> suspend to disk and CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY mutually exclusive, like it
>> was the case with ASLR previously, AFAIR.
>
> Please no.
>
> First off, it should be perfectly possible to make hibernation work along
> with this new variant of ASLR.  Second, quite obviously, the author of these
> ASLR changes had not done sufficient research to estimate the possible
> impact of them.

I think that's a bit unfair: Thomas did a lot of testing, and it has
been living in -next for a while.

> Honestly, I don't think it is a good idea to introduce random Kconfig options
> for working around cases in which the author of some changes cannot be bothered
> with doing things right.  Even if that is security.

I would agree: let's try to get this fixed soon.

> So IMO, either we should fix the problem, or that whole new ASLR stuff should
> be reverted.
>
> I think I know how to fix it, but I won't be able to get to that before the
> next week.  I guess it can wait till then, though.

Thomas, will you have some time to examine this and estimate the work for a fix?

-Kees

-- 
Kees Cook
Chrome OS & Brillo Security

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 20:31     ` Kees Cook
@ 2016-07-26 20:42       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-26 20:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kees Cook
  Cc: Josh Poimboeuf, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 01:31:00 PM Kees Cook wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:15 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> >> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >> > Hi,
> >> >
> >> > The following commit:
> >> >
> >> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> >> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> >> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> >> >
> >> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> >> >
> >> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> >> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> >> >
> >> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> >> >
> >> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> >> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> >> >
> >> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> >> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> >
> > So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
> > commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.
> 
> To make sure I understand:
> 
> There are two separate bugs here that break hibernation?

Yes, there are.

The first one is the BZ 150021 as reported here.

The second one is the clash with new ASLR-related changes as reported by Boris.

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 20:33     ` Kees Cook
@ 2016-07-26 20:53       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 20:59         ` Kees Cook
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-26 20:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kees Cook
  Cc: Borislav Petkov, Ingo Molnar, Josh Poimboeuf, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle, Thomas Garnier

On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 01:33:02 PM Kees Cook wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:24 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:04:42 PM Borislav Petkov wrote:
> >> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >> > Hi,
> >> >
> >> > The following commit:
> >> >
> >> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> >> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> >> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> >> >
> >> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> >> >
> >> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> >> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> >> >
> >> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> >> >
> >> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> >> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> >> >
> >> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> >> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> >>
> >> So I can't resume properly from disk too, on the Intel laptop this time. Top
> >> commit is from tip/master:
> >>
> >> commit 516f48acf59722429acd323b3d283f74f02891fe (refs/remotes/tip/master)
> >> Merge: a4823bbffc96 dd9506954539
> >> Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> >> Date:   Mon Jul 25 08:39:43 2016 +0200
> >>
> >>     Merge branch 'linus'
> >>
> >>
> >> So I thought it might be Josh's patch above and reverted it. No joy.
> >>
> >> Then I remembered that I enabled CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY for the
> >> microcode loader breakage which we've been debugging. Turned that off
> >> and machine resumes fine again.
> >
> > Well, I wasn't aware of *another* flavor of ASLR in the works.  And there
> > was no hope it would not break hibernation if you asked me.
> >
> >> It looks like
> >>
> >>   0483e1fa6e09 ("x86/mm: Implement ASLR for kernel memory regions")
> >>
> >> broke a bunch of things. Off the top of my head, we probably should make
> >> suspend to disk and CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY mutually exclusive, like it
> >> was the case with ASLR previously, AFAIR.
> >
> > Please no.
> >
> > First off, it should be perfectly possible to make hibernation work along
> > with this new variant of ASLR.  Second, quite obviously, the author of these
> > ASLR changes had not done sufficient research to estimate the possible
> > impact of them.
> 
> I think that's a bit unfair: Thomas did a lot of testing, and it has
> been living in -next for a while.

Well, with all due respect, "a lot of testing" is not quite the same thing as
"sufficient research" IMO.

It should be known (at least from experience) that hibernation on x86-64 doesn't
play well with ASLR quite as a rule, so it would be good to at least check that
particular thing or CC a relevant person (ie. me).

Or even ask me on IRC for that matter.  Give me a heads up ahead of time.

But no.  I'm still on the receiving end of the "hibernation doesn't work with
ASLR" story which was entirely avoidable this time around.  Sigh.

> > Honestly, I don't think it is a good idea to introduce random Kconfig options
> > for working around cases in which the author of some changes cannot be bothered
> > with doing things right.  Even if that is security.
> 
> I would agree: let's try to get this fixed soon.
> 
> > So IMO, either we should fix the problem, or that whole new ASLR stuff should
> > be reverted.
> >
> > I think I know how to fix it, but I won't be able to get to that before the
> > next week.  I guess it can wait till then, though.
> 
> Thomas, will you have some time to examine this and estimate the work for a fix?

FWIW, my hunch ATM is that you need to look at the "Set up the direct mapping
from scratch" loop in set_up_temporary_mappings() and make it do the right
thing when the new ASLR stuff is enabled.

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 20:53       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-26 20:59         ` Kees Cook
  2016-07-26 21:17           ` Thomas Garnier
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Kees Cook @ 2016-07-26 20:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Borislav Petkov, Ingo Molnar, Josh Poimboeuf, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle, Thomas Garnier

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:53 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 01:33:02 PM Kees Cook wrote:
>> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:24 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
>> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:04:42 PM Borislav Petkov wrote:
>> >> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> >> > Hi,
>> >> >
>> >> > The following commit:
>> >> >
>> >> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
>> >> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
>> >> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
>> >> >
>> >> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
>> >> >
>> >> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
>> >> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
>> >> >
>> >> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
>> >> >
>> >> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
>> >> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
>> >> >
>> >> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
>> >> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
>> >>
>> >> So I can't resume properly from disk too, on the Intel laptop this time. Top
>> >> commit is from tip/master:
>> >>
>> >> commit 516f48acf59722429acd323b3d283f74f02891fe (refs/remotes/tip/master)
>> >> Merge: a4823bbffc96 dd9506954539
>> >> Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
>> >> Date:   Mon Jul 25 08:39:43 2016 +0200
>> >>
>> >>     Merge branch 'linus'
>> >>
>> >>
>> >> So I thought it might be Josh's patch above and reverted it. No joy.
>> >>
>> >> Then I remembered that I enabled CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY for the
>> >> microcode loader breakage which we've been debugging. Turned that off
>> >> and machine resumes fine again.
>> >
>> > Well, I wasn't aware of *another* flavor of ASLR in the works.  And there
>> > was no hope it would not break hibernation if you asked me.
>> >
>> >> It looks like
>> >>
>> >>   0483e1fa6e09 ("x86/mm: Implement ASLR for kernel memory regions")
>> >>
>> >> broke a bunch of things. Off the top of my head, we probably should make
>> >> suspend to disk and CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY mutually exclusive, like it
>> >> was the case with ASLR previously, AFAIR.
>> >
>> > Please no.
>> >
>> > First off, it should be perfectly possible to make hibernation work along
>> > with this new variant of ASLR.  Second, quite obviously, the author of these
>> > ASLR changes had not done sufficient research to estimate the possible
>> > impact of them.
>>
>> I think that's a bit unfair: Thomas did a lot of testing, and it has
>> been living in -next for a while.
>
> Well, with all due respect, "a lot of testing" is not quite the same thing as
> "sufficient research" IMO.
>
> It should be known (at least from experience) that hibernation on x86-64 doesn't
> play well with ASLR quite as a rule, so it would be good to at least check that
> particular thing or CC a relevant person (ie. me).

Fair enough: we need to practice considering a wider usage model.

> Or even ask me on IRC for that matter.  Give me a heads up ahead of time.
>
> But no.  I'm still on the receiving end of the "hibernation doesn't work with
> ASLR" story which was entirely avoidable this time around.  Sigh.

I'll be sure to keep you in the loop for future x86 KASLR changes;
sorry for the new pain. :(

>> > Honestly, I don't think it is a good idea to introduce random Kconfig options
>> > for working around cases in which the author of some changes cannot be bothered
>> > with doing things right.  Even if that is security.
>>
>> I would agree: let's try to get this fixed soon.
>>
>> > So IMO, either we should fix the problem, or that whole new ASLR stuff should
>> > be reverted.
>> >
>> > I think I know how to fix it, but I won't be able to get to that before the
>> > next week.  I guess it can wait till then, though.
>>
>> Thomas, will you have some time to examine this and estimate the work for a fix?
>
> FWIW, my hunch ATM is that you need to look at the "Set up the direct mapping
> from scratch" loop in set_up_temporary_mappings() and make it do the right
> thing when the new ASLR stuff is enabled.

Thanks for the pointer!

-Kees

-- 
Kees Cook
Chrome OS & Brillo Security

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 20:59         ` Kees Cook
@ 2016-07-26 21:17           ` Thomas Garnier
  2016-07-27  5:39             ` Borislav Petkov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Garnier @ 2016-07-26 21:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kees Cook
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Borislav Petkov, Ingo Molnar, Josh Poimboeuf,
	Pavel Machek, Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List,
	Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle

I am sorry, there has been parallel work between KASLR memory
randomization and hibernation support. That's why hibernation was not
tested, it was not supported when the feature was created.
Communication will be better next time.

I will work on identifying the problem and pushing a fix.

Thanks for the feedback and pointer,

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:59 PM, Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:53 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
>> On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 01:33:02 PM Kees Cook wrote:
>>> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:24 PM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
>>> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:04:42 PM Borislav Petkov wrote:
>>> >> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>>> >> > Hi,
>>> >> >
>>> >> > The following commit:
>>> >> >
>>> >> > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
>>> >> > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
>>> >> > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
>>> >> >
>>> >> >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
>>> >> >
>>> >> >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
>>> >> >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
>>> >> >
>>> >> >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
>>> >> >
>>> >> > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
>>> >> > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
>>> >> >
>>> >> > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
>>> >> > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
>>> >>
>>> >> So I can't resume properly from disk too, on the Intel laptop this time. Top
>>> >> commit is from tip/master:
>>> >>
>>> >> commit 516f48acf59722429acd323b3d283f74f02891fe (refs/remotes/tip/master)
>>> >> Merge: a4823bbffc96 dd9506954539
>>> >> Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
>>> >> Date:   Mon Jul 25 08:39:43 2016 +0200
>>> >>
>>> >>     Merge branch 'linus'
>>> >>
>>> >>
>>> >> So I thought it might be Josh's patch above and reverted it. No joy.
>>> >>
>>> >> Then I remembered that I enabled CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY for the
>>> >> microcode loader breakage which we've been debugging. Turned that off
>>> >> and machine resumes fine again.
>>> >
>>> > Well, I wasn't aware of *another* flavor of ASLR in the works.  And there
>>> > was no hope it would not break hibernation if you asked me.
>>> >
>>> >> It looks like
>>> >>
>>> >>   0483e1fa6e09 ("x86/mm: Implement ASLR for kernel memory regions")
>>> >>
>>> >> broke a bunch of things. Off the top of my head, we probably should make
>>> >> suspend to disk and CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY mutually exclusive, like it
>>> >> was the case with ASLR previously, AFAIR.
>>> >
>>> > Please no.
>>> >
>>> > First off, it should be perfectly possible to make hibernation work along
>>> > with this new variant of ASLR.  Second, quite obviously, the author of these
>>> > ASLR changes had not done sufficient research to estimate the possible
>>> > impact of them.
>>>
>>> I think that's a bit unfair: Thomas did a lot of testing, and it has
>>> been living in -next for a while.
>>
>> Well, with all due respect, "a lot of testing" is not quite the same thing as
>> "sufficient research" IMO.
>>
>> It should be known (at least from experience) that hibernation on x86-64 doesn't
>> play well with ASLR quite as a rule, so it would be good to at least check that
>> particular thing or CC a relevant person (ie. me).
>
> Fair enough: we need to practice considering a wider usage model.
>
>> Or even ask me on IRC for that matter.  Give me a heads up ahead of time.
>>
>> But no.  I'm still on the receiving end of the "hibernation doesn't work with
>> ASLR" story which was entirely avoidable this time around.  Sigh.
>
> I'll be sure to keep you in the loop for future x86 KASLR changes;
> sorry for the new pain. :(
>
>>> > Honestly, I don't think it is a good idea to introduce random Kconfig options
>>> > for working around cases in which the author of some changes cannot be bothered
>>> > with doing things right.  Even if that is security.
>>>
>>> I would agree: let's try to get this fixed soon.
>>>
>>> > So IMO, either we should fix the problem, or that whole new ASLR stuff should
>>> > be reverted.
>>> >
>>> > I think I know how to fix it, but I won't be able to get to that before the
>>> > next week.  I guess it can wait till then, though.
>>>
>>> Thomas, will you have some time to examine this and estimate the work for a fix?
>>
>> FWIW, my hunch ATM is that you need to look at the "Set up the direct mapping
>> from scratch" loop in set_up_temporary_mappings() and make it do the right
>> thing when the new ASLR stuff is enabled.
>
> Thanks for the pointer!
>
> -Kees
>
> --
> Kees Cook
> Chrome OS & Brillo Security

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 20:15   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 20:31     ` Kees Cook
@ 2016-07-26 21:53     ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-26 22:42       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Josh Poimboeuf @ 2016-07-26 21:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 10:15:39PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > Hi,
> > > 
> > > The following commit:
> > > 
> > > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> > > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> > > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> > > 
> > >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> > >     
> > >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> > >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> > >     
> > >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> > > 
> > > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> > > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> > > 
> > > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> > > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> 
> So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
> commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.

Hm, the code in wakeup_64.S seems quite magical, but I can't figure out
why this change causes a panic.  Is it really causing the panic or is it
uncovering some other bug?  Maybe we should hold off on reverting until
we understand the issue.

-- 
Josh

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 21:53     ` Josh Poimboeuf
@ 2016-07-26 22:42       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-26 23:08         ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-26 22:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf
  Cc: Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle

On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:53:19 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 10:15:39PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > > Hi,
> > > > 
> > > > The following commit:
> > > > 
> > > > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> > > > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> > > > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> > > > 
> > > >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> > > >     
> > > >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> > > >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> > > >     
> > > >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> > > > 
> > > > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> > > > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> > > > 
> > > > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> > > > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> > 
> > So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
> > commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.
> 
> Hm, the code in wakeup_64.S seems quite magical, but I can't figure out
> why this change causes a panic.  Is it really causing the panic or is it
> uncovering some other bug?

It doesn't matter really.

It surely interacts with something in a really odd way, but that only means
that its impact goes far beyond what was expected when it was applied.  Its
changelog is inadequate as a result and so on.

> Maybe we should hold off on reverting until we understand the issue.

Which very well may take forever.

And AFAICS this is a fix for a theoretical issue and it *reliably* triggers a
very practical kernel panic for this particular reporter.  I'd rather live
with the theoretical issue unfixed to be honest.

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 22:42       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-26 23:08         ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-27 17:59           ` Josh Poimboeuf
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-26 23:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 12:42 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:53:19 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
>> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 10:15:39PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
>> > > On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>> > > > Hi,
>> > > >
>> > > > The following commit:
>> > > >
>> > > > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
>> > > > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
>> > > > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
>> > > >
>> > > >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
>> > > >
>> > > >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
>> > > >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
>> > > >
>> > > >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
>> > > >
>> > > > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
>> > > > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
>> > > >
>> > > > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
>> > > > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
>> >
>> > So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
>> > commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.
>>
>> Hm, the code in wakeup_64.S seems quite magical, but I can't figure out
>> why this change causes a panic.  Is it really causing the panic or is it
>> uncovering some other bug?
>
> It doesn't matter really.
>
> It surely interacts with something in a really odd way, but that only means
> that its impact goes far beyond what was expected when it was applied.  Its
> changelog is inadequate as a result and so on.
>
>> Maybe we should hold off on reverting until we understand the issue.
>
> Which very well may take forever.
>
> And AFAICS this is a fix for a theoretical issue and it *reliably* triggers a
> very practical kernel panic for this particular reporter.  I'd rather live
> with the theoretical issue unfixed to be honest.

Well, actually, the best part is that do_suspend_lowlevel() is not
even called during hibernation or resume from it.  It only is called
during suspend-to-RAM.

Question now is how the change made by the commit in question can
affect hibernation which is an unrelated code path.  We know for a
fact that it does affect it, but how?

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 21:17           ` Thomas Garnier
@ 2016-07-27  5:39             ` Borislav Petkov
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Borislav Petkov @ 2016-07-27  5:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Thomas Garnier
  Cc: Kees Cook, Rafael J. Wysocki, Borislav Petkov, Ingo Molnar,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Pavel Machek, Linux PM list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner, shuzzle

On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 02:17:29PM -0700, Thomas Garnier wrote:
> I am sorry, there has been parallel work between KASLR memory
> randomization and hibernation support. That's why hibernation was not
> tested, it was not supported when the feature was created.
> Communication will be better next time.
> 
> I will work on identifying the problem and pushing a fix.

Would you please do me a favor and stop top-posting. It really disrupts
reading the thread.

Thanks.

-- 
Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.

ECO tip #101: Trim your mails when you reply.

SUSE Linux GmbH, GF: Felix Imendörffer, Jane Smithard, Graham Norton, HRB 21284 (AG Nürnberg)
--

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-26 23:08         ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-27 17:59           ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-27 22:12             ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Josh Poimboeuf @ 2016-07-27 17:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 01:08:21AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 12:42 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:53:19 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> >> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 10:15:39PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> >> > > On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >> > > > Hi,
> >> > > >
> >> > > > The following commit:
> >> > > >
> >> > > > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> >> > > > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> >> > > > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> >> > > >
> >> > > >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> >> > > >
> >> > > >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> >> > > >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> >> > > >
> >> > > >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> >> > > >
> >> > > > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> >> > > > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> >> > > >
> >> > > > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> >> > > > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> >> >
> >> > So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
> >> > commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.
> >>
> >> Hm, the code in wakeup_64.S seems quite magical, but I can't figure out
> >> why this change causes a panic.  Is it really causing the panic or is it
> >> uncovering some other bug?
> >
> > It doesn't matter really.
> >
> > It surely interacts with something in a really odd way, but that only means
> > that its impact goes far beyond what was expected when it was applied.  Its
> > changelog is inadequate as a result and so on.
> >
> >> Maybe we should hold off on reverting until we understand the issue.
> >
> > Which very well may take forever.
> >
> > And AFAICS this is a fix for a theoretical issue and it *reliably* triggers a
> > very practical kernel panic for this particular reporter.  I'd rather live
> > with the theoretical issue unfixed to be honest.
> 
> Well, actually, the best part is that do_suspend_lowlevel() is not
> even called during hibernation or resume from it.  It only is called
> during suspend-to-RAM.
> 
> Question now is how the change made by the commit in question can
> affect hibernation which is an unrelated code path.  We know for a
> fact that it does affect it, but how?

Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(), which is involved in suspend, overwrites
several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
variables to their original values after it resumes.

So if a suspend and resume were done before the hibernate, those
variables would presumably have suspend-centric values, and the first
time a CPU is brought up during the hibernation restore operation, it
would jump to wakeup_long64() (the suspend resume function) instead of
start_secondary (which is the normal CPU boot function).

So, if true, that would explain why my patch triggers a bug:
wakeup_long64() always[*] jumps to .Lresume_point, which my patch
affected.  Because of the FRAME_END, it would pop an extra value off the
stack.  So when restore_processor_state() returns, it would return to
whatever random address is on the stack after the real RIP.  Which is
consistent with the oops from the bug.  It had a bad instruction
pointer, which looked like a stack address.

But then again, maybe there's a hole in that theory, because how could
hibernate after suspend/resume possibly even work today if the CPU boot
goes to wakeup_long64() instead of start_secondary?

So I could be missing something, or even completely off base.  But the
missing restore of those variables does seem like a pretty huge
oversight.  I wonder if the following patch would fix it?


diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
index adb3eaf..cd76fc5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
@@ -45,6 +45,12 @@ acpi_status asmlinkage __visible x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(u8 state)
  */
 int x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel(void)
 {
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	unsigned long prev_initial_code;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	unsigned long prev_stack_start, prev_gdt_address, prev_initial_gs;
+#endif
+#endif
 	struct wakeup_header *header =
 		(struct wakeup_header *) __va(real_mode_header->wakeup_header);
 
@@ -99,13 +105,18 @@ int x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel(void)
 	saved_magic = 0x12345678;
 #else /* CONFIG_64BIT */
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	prev_stack_start = stack_start;
+	prev_gdt_address = early_gdt_descr.address;
+	prev_initial_gs = initial_gs;
+
 	stack_start = (unsigned long)temp_stack + sizeof(temp_stack);
 	early_gdt_descr.address =
 			(unsigned long)get_cpu_gdt_table(smp_processor_id());
 	initial_gs = per_cpu_offset(smp_processor_id());
 #endif
+	prev_initial_code = initial_code;
 	initial_code = (unsigned long)wakeup_long64;
-       saved_magic = 0x123456789abcdef0L;
+	saved_magic = 0x123456789abcdef0L;
 #endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
 
 	/*
@@ -115,6 +126,16 @@ int x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel(void)
 	pause_graph_tracing();
 	do_suspend_lowlevel();
 	unpause_graph_tracing();
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	initial_code = prev_initial_code;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+	initial_gs = prev_initial_gs;
+	early_gdt_descr.address = prev_gdt_address;
+	stack_start = prev_stack_start;
+#endif
+#endif
+
 	return 0;
 }
 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-27 17:59           ` Josh Poimboeuf
@ 2016-07-27 22:12             ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-27 22:17               ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-27 22:20               ` Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-27 22:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 01:08:21AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 12:42 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> > > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:53:19 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > >> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 10:15:39PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > >> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > >> > > On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > >> > > > Hi,
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > The following commit:
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> > >> > > > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> > >> > > > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> > >> > > >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> > >> > > > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> > >> > > >
> > >> > > > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> > >> > > > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> > >> >
> > >> > So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
> > >> > commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.
> > >>
> > >> Hm, the code in wakeup_64.S seems quite magical, but I can't figure out
> > >> why this change causes a panic.  Is it really causing the panic or is it
> > >> uncovering some other bug?
> > >
> > > It doesn't matter really.
> > >
> > > It surely interacts with something in a really odd way, but that only means
> > > that its impact goes far beyond what was expected when it was applied.  Its
> > > changelog is inadequate as a result and so on.
> > >
> > >> Maybe we should hold off on reverting until we understand the issue.
> > >
> > > Which very well may take forever.
> > >
> > > And AFAICS this is a fix for a theoretical issue and it *reliably* triggers a
> > > very practical kernel panic for this particular reporter.  I'd rather live
> > > with the theoretical issue unfixed to be honest.
> > 
> > Well, actually, the best part is that do_suspend_lowlevel() is not
> > even called during hibernation or resume from it.  It only is called
> > during suspend-to-RAM.
> > 
> > Question now is how the change made by the commit in question can
> > affect hibernation which is an unrelated code path.  We know for a
> > fact that it does affect it, but how?
> 
> Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),

I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().

> which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> variables to their original values after it resumes.

Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?

If not, then this is not the problem, because hibernation doesn't use it
for the boot CPU anyway.

> So if a suspend and resume were done before the hibernate, those
> variables would presumably have suspend-centric values, and the first
> time a CPU is brought up during the hibernation restore operation, it
> would jump to wakeup_long64() (the suspend resume function) instead of
> start_secondary (which is the normal CPU boot function).
> 
> So, if true, that would explain why my patch triggers a bug:
> wakeup_long64() always[*] jumps to .Lresume_point, which my patch
> affected.  Because of the FRAME_END, it would pop an extra value off the
> stack.  So when restore_processor_state() returns, it would return to
> whatever random address is on the stack after the real RIP.  Which is
> consistent with the oops from the bug.  It had a bad instruction
> pointer, which looked like a stack address.

OK, so why doesn't it break resume from suspend to RAM?  wakeup_long64 is
invoked by the CPU startup code then and doesn't the FRAME_END affect
that too?

> But then again, maybe there's a hole in that theory, because how could
> hibernate after suspend/resume possibly even work today if the CPU boot
> goes to wakeup_long64() instead of start_secondary?

Right.

> So I could be missing something, or even completely off base.  But the
> missing restore of those variables does seem like a pretty huge
> oversight.  I wonder if the following patch would fix it?

We'll need to ask the reporter. :-)

> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
> index adb3eaf..cd76fc5 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
> @@ -45,6 +45,12 @@ acpi_status asmlinkage __visible x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(u8 state)
>   */
>  int x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel(void)
>  {
> +#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
> +	unsigned long prev_initial_code;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> +	unsigned long prev_stack_start, prev_gdt_address, prev_initial_gs;
> +#endif
> +#endif
>  	struct wakeup_header *header =
>  		(struct wakeup_header *) __va(real_mode_header->wakeup_header);
>  
> @@ -99,13 +105,18 @@ int x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel(void)
>  	saved_magic = 0x12345678;
>  #else /* CONFIG_64BIT */
>  #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> +	prev_stack_start = stack_start;
> +	prev_gdt_address = early_gdt_descr.address;
> +	prev_initial_gs = initial_gs;
> +
>  	stack_start = (unsigned long)temp_stack + sizeof(temp_stack);
>  	early_gdt_descr.address =
>  			(unsigned long)get_cpu_gdt_table(smp_processor_id());
>  	initial_gs = per_cpu_offset(smp_processor_id());
>  #endif
> +	prev_initial_code = initial_code;
>  	initial_code = (unsigned long)wakeup_long64;
> -       saved_magic = 0x123456789abcdef0L;
> +	saved_magic = 0x123456789abcdef0L;
>  #endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
>  
>  	/*
> @@ -115,6 +126,16 @@ int x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel(void)
>  	pause_graph_tracing();
>  	do_suspend_lowlevel();
>  	unpause_graph_tracing();
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
> +	initial_code = prev_initial_code;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> +	initial_gs = prev_initial_gs;
> +	early_gdt_descr.address = prev_gdt_address;
> +	stack_start = prev_stack_start;
> +#endif
> +#endif
> +
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-27 22:12             ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-27 22:17               ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-27 23:20                 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-27 22:20               ` Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk Rafael J. Wysocki
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Josh Poimboeuf @ 2016-07-27 22:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 12:12:15AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> > x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),
> 
> I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().

Oops!

> > which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> > several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> > boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> > variables to their original values after it resumes.
> 
> Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?

Yes.

> If not, then this is not the problem, because hibernation doesn't use it
> for the boot CPU anyway.
> 
> > So if a suspend and resume were done before the hibernate, those
> > variables would presumably have suspend-centric values, and the first
> > time a CPU is brought up during the hibernation restore operation, it
> > would jump to wakeup_long64() (the suspend resume function) instead of
> > start_secondary (which is the normal CPU boot function).
> > 
> > So, if true, that would explain why my patch triggers a bug:
> > wakeup_long64() always[*] jumps to .Lresume_point, which my patch
> > affected.  Because of the FRAME_END, it would pop an extra value off the
> > stack.  So when restore_processor_state() returns, it would return to
> > whatever random address is on the stack after the real RIP.  Which is
> > consistent with the oops from the bug.  It had a bad instruction
> > pointer, which looked like a stack address.
> 
> OK, so why doesn't it break resume from suspend to RAM?

Because for suspend to RAM, it enters suspend through
do_suspend_lowlevel(), which has the FRAME_BEGIN which corresponds to
.Lresume_point's FRAME_END.

> wakeup_long64 is invoked by the CPU startup code then and doesn't the
> FRAME_END affect that too?

Yes, I would imagine that any CPU startup operation (after
suspend/resume to RAM) would be affected.

-- 
Josh

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-27 22:12             ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-27 22:17               ` Josh Poimboeuf
@ 2016-07-27 22:20               ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-27 22:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Thursday, July 28, 2016 12:12:15 AM Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 01:08:21AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 12:42 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> > > > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 04:53:19 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > >> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 10:15:39PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > >> > On Tuesday, July 26, 2016 09:39:05 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > >> > > On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 01:32:28PM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > >> > > > Hi,
> > > >> > > >
> > > >> > > > The following commit:
> > > >> > > >
> > > >> > > > commit 13523309495cdbd57a0d344c0d5d574987af007f
> > > >> > > > Author: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> > > >> > > > Date:   Thu Jan 21 16:49:21 2016 -0600
> > > >> > > >
> > > >> > > >     x86/asm/acpi: Create a stack frame in do_suspend_lowlevel()
> > > >> > > >
> > > >> > > >     do_suspend_lowlevel() is a callable non-leaf function which doesn't
> > > >> > > >     honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, which can result in bad stack traces.
> > > >> > > >
> > > >> > > >     Create a stack frame for it when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is enabled.
> > > >> > > >
> > > >> > > > is reported to cause a resume-from-hibernation regression due to an attempt
> > > >> > > > to execute an NX page (we've seen quite a bit of that recently).
> > > >> > > >
> > > >> > > > I'm asking the reporter to try 4.7, but if the problem is still there, we'll
> > > >> > > > need to revert the above I'm afraid.
> > > >> >
> > > >> > So the bug is still there in 4.7 and it goes away after reverting the above
> > > >> > commit.  I guess I'll send a revert then.
> > > >>
> > > >> Hm, the code in wakeup_64.S seems quite magical, but I can't figure out
> > > >> why this change causes a panic.  Is it really causing the panic or is it
> > > >> uncovering some other bug?
> > > >
> > > > It doesn't matter really.
> > > >
> > > > It surely interacts with something in a really odd way, but that only means
> > > > that its impact goes far beyond what was expected when it was applied.  Its
> > > > changelog is inadequate as a result and so on.
> > > >
> > > >> Maybe we should hold off on reverting until we understand the issue.
> > > >
> > > > Which very well may take forever.
> > > >
> > > > And AFAICS this is a fix for a theoretical issue and it *reliably* triggers a
> > > > very practical kernel panic for this particular reporter.  I'd rather live
> > > > with the theoretical issue unfixed to be honest.
> > > 
> > > Well, actually, the best part is that do_suspend_lowlevel() is not
> > > even called during hibernation or resume from it.  It only is called
> > > during suspend-to-RAM.
> > > 
> > > Question now is how the change made by the commit in question can
> > > affect hibernation which is an unrelated code path.  We know for a
> > > fact that it does affect it, but how?
> > 
> > Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> > x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),
> 
> I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().
> 
> > which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> > several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> > boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> > variables to their original values after it resumes.
> 
> Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?
> 
> If not, then this is not the problem, because hibernation doesn't use it
> for the boot CPU anyway.
> 
> > So if a suspend and resume were done before the hibernate, those
> > variables would presumably have suspend-centric values, and the first
> > time a CPU is brought up during the hibernation restore operation, it
> > would jump to wakeup_long64() (the suspend resume function) instead of
> > start_secondary (which is the normal CPU boot function).
> > 
> > So, if true, that would explain why my patch triggers a bug:
> > wakeup_long64() always[*] jumps to .Lresume_point, which my patch
> > affected.  Because of the FRAME_END, it would pop an extra value off the
> > stack.  So when restore_processor_state() returns, it would return to
> > whatever random address is on the stack after the real RIP.  Which is
> > consistent with the oops from the bug.  It had a bad instruction
> > pointer, which looked like a stack address.
> 
> OK, so why doesn't it break resume from suspend to RAM?  wakeup_long64 is
> invoked by the CPU startup code then and doesn't the FRAME_END affect
> that too?

Ah, I see.  wakeup_long64 will restore RSP from saved_rsp and that points
to the right address already.  OK

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-27 22:17               ` Josh Poimboeuf
@ 2016-07-27 23:20                 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-27 23:29                   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-27 23:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 05:17:38 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 12:12:15AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> > > x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),
> > 
> > I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().
> 
> Oops!
> 
> > > which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> > > several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> > > boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> > > variables to their original values after it resumes.
> > 
> > Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?
> 
> Yes.

OK

So it is really interesting why and how that stuff works for everybody.

Basically, CPU online should fail after a suspend-resume cycle, but it
doesn't most of the time AFAICS.

> > If not, then this is not the problem, because hibernation doesn't use it
> > for the boot CPU anyway.
> > 
> > > So if a suspend and resume were done before the hibernate, those
> > > variables would presumably have suspend-centric values, and the first
> > > time a CPU is brought up during the hibernation restore operation, it
> > > would jump to wakeup_long64() (the suspend resume function) instead of
> > > start_secondary (which is the normal CPU boot function).
> > > 
> > > So, if true, that would explain why my patch triggers a bug:
> > > wakeup_long64() always[*] jumps to .Lresume_point, which my patch
> > > affected.  Because of the FRAME_END, it would pop an extra value off the
> > > stack.  So when restore_processor_state() returns, it would return to
> > > whatever random address is on the stack after the real RIP.  Which is
> > > consistent with the oops from the bug.  It had a bad instruction
> > > pointer, which looked like a stack address.
> > 
> > OK, so why doesn't it break resume from suspend to RAM?
> 
> Because for suspend to RAM, it enters suspend through
> do_suspend_lowlevel(), which has the FRAME_BEGIN which corresponds to
> .Lresume_point's FRAME_END.
> 
> > wakeup_long64 is invoked by the CPU startup code then and doesn't the
> > FRAME_END affect that too?
> 
> Yes, I would imagine that any CPU startup operation (after
> suspend/resume to RAM) would be affected.

That would mean that your patch is needed anyway, wouldn't it?

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk
  2016-07-27 23:20                 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-27 23:29                   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-28 15:17                     ` [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption Josh Poimboeuf
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-27 23:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Thursday, July 28, 2016 01:20:53 AM Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 05:17:38 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 12:12:15AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > > Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> > > > x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),
> > > 
> > > I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().
> > 
> > Oops!
> > 
> > > > which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> > > > several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> > > > boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> > > > variables to their original values after it resumes.
> > > 
> > > Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?
> > 
> > Yes.
> 
> OK
> 
> So it is really interesting why and how that stuff works for everybody.
> 
> Basically, CPU online should fail after a suspend-resume cycle, but it
> doesn't most of the time AFAICS.

do_boot_cpu() restores those values, so I think we're safe from that angle.

That should apply to the CPU online during resume from hibernation too.

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption
  2016-07-27 23:29                   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-28 15:17                     ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-28 15:32                       ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-28 21:36                       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Josh Poimboeuf @ 2016-07-28 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 01:29:49AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Thursday, July 28, 2016 01:20:53 AM Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 05:17:38 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 12:12:15AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > > > Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> > > > > x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),
> > > > 
> > > > I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().
> > > 
> > > Oops!
> > > 
> > > > > which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> > > > > several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> > > > > boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> > > > > variables to their original values after it resumes.
> > > > 
> > > > Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?
> > > 
> > > Yes.
> > 
> > OK
> > 
> > So it is really interesting why and how that stuff works for everybody.
> > 
> > Basically, CPU online should fail after a suspend-resume cycle, but it
> > doesn't most of the time AFAICS.
> 
> do_boot_cpu() restores those values, so I think we're safe from that angle.
> 
> That should apply to the CPU online during resume from hibernation too.

Yeah, my theory was bogus.  And as it turns out, the bug reporter made a
mistake in the bisect.  The actual offending commit was apparently:

  ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S")

Amazingly enough, I authored that patch as well.  I think "git bisect"
doesn't like me!

Here's the fix:

----

From: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption

In kernel bug 150021, a kernel panic was reported when restoring a
hibernate image.  Only a picture of the oops was reported, so I can't
paste the whole thing here.  But here are the most interesting parts:

  kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: 0)
  BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff8804615cfd78
  ...
  RIP: ffff8804615cfd78
  RSP: ffff8804615f0000
  RBP: ffff8804615cfdc0
  ...
  Call Trace:
   do_signal+0x23
   exit_to_usermode_loop+0x64
   ...

The RIP is on the same page as RBP, so it apparently started executing
on the stack.

The bug was bisected to commit ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create
stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S"), which in retrospect seems quite
dangerous, since that code saves and restores the stack pointer from a
global variable ('saved_context').

There are a lot of moving parts in the hibernate save and restore paths,
so I don't know exactly what caused the panic.  Presumably, a FRAME_END
was executed without the corresponding FRAME_BEGIN, or vice versa.  That
would corrupt the return address on the stack and would be consistent
with the details of the above panic.

Instead of doing the frame pointer save/restore around the bounds of the
affected functions, instead just do it around the call to swsusp_save().
That has the same effect of ensuring that if swsusp_save() sleeps, the
frame pointers will be correct.  It's also a much more obviously safe
way to do it than the original patch.  And objtool still doesn't report
any warnings.

Fixes: ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S")
Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=150021
Reported-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>
Tested-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
---
 arch/x86/power/hibernate_asm_64.S | 4 +---
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/power/hibernate_asm_64.S b/arch/x86/power/hibernate_asm_64.S
index 3177c2b..8eee0e9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/power/hibernate_asm_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/power/hibernate_asm_64.S
@@ -24,7 +24,6 @@
 #include <asm/frame.h>
 
 ENTRY(swsusp_arch_suspend)
-	FRAME_BEGIN
 	movq	$saved_context, %rax
 	movq	%rsp, pt_regs_sp(%rax)
 	movq	%rbp, pt_regs_bp(%rax)
@@ -48,6 +47,7 @@ ENTRY(swsusp_arch_suspend)
 	movq	%cr3, %rax
 	movq	%rax, restore_cr3(%rip)
 
+	FRAME_BEGIN
 	call swsusp_save
 	FRAME_END
 	ret
@@ -104,7 +104,6 @@ ENTRY(core_restore_code)
 	 /* code below belongs to the image kernel */
 	.align PAGE_SIZE
 ENTRY(restore_registers)
-	FRAME_BEGIN
 	/* go back to the original page tables */
 	movq    %r9, %cr3
 
@@ -145,6 +144,5 @@ ENTRY(restore_registers)
 	/* tell the hibernation core that we've just restored the memory */
 	movq	%rax, in_suspend(%rip)
 
-	FRAME_END
 	ret
 ENDPROC(restore_registers)
-- 
2.7.4

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption
  2016-07-28 15:17                     ` [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption Josh Poimboeuf
@ 2016-07-28 15:32                       ` Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-28 21:36                       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Josh Poimboeuf @ 2016-07-28 15:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 10:17:07AM -0500, Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 01:29:49AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Thursday, July 28, 2016 01:20:53 AM Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 05:17:38 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > > On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 12:12:15AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > > > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > > > > Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> > > > > > x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),
> > > > > 
> > > > > I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().
> > > > 
> > > > Oops!
> > > > 
> > > > > > which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> > > > > > several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> > > > > > boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> > > > > > variables to their original values after it resumes.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?
> > > > 
> > > > Yes.
> > > 
> > > OK
> > > 
> > > So it is really interesting why and how that stuff works for everybody.
> > > 
> > > Basically, CPU online should fail after a suspend-resume cycle, but it
> > > doesn't most of the time AFAICS.
> > 
> > do_boot_cpu() restores those values, so I think we're safe from that angle.
> > 
> > That should apply to the CPU online during resume from hibernation too.
> 
> Yeah, my theory was bogus.  And as it turns out, the bug reporter made a
> mistake in the bisect.  The actual offending commit was apparently:
> 
>   ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S")
> 
> Amazingly enough, I authored that patch as well.  I think "git bisect"
> doesn't like me!
> 
> Here's the fix:
> 
> ----
> 
> From: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption
> 
> In kernel bug 150021, a kernel panic was reported when restoring a
> hibernate image.  Only a picture of the oops was reported, so I can't
> paste the whole thing here.  But here are the most interesting parts:
> 
>   kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: 0)
>   BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff8804615cfd78
>   ...
>   RIP: ffff8804615cfd78
>   RSP: ffff8804615f0000
>   RBP: ffff8804615cfdc0
>   ...
>   Call Trace:
>    do_signal+0x23
>    exit_to_usermode_loop+0x64
>    ...
> 
> The RIP is on the same page as RBP, so it apparently started executing
> on the stack.
> 
> The bug was bisected to commit ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create
> stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S"), which in retrospect seems quite
> dangerous, since that code saves and restores the stack pointer from a
> global variable ('saved_context').
> 
> There are a lot of moving parts in the hibernate save and restore paths,
> so I don't know exactly what caused the panic.  Presumably, a FRAME_END
> was executed without the corresponding FRAME_BEGIN, or vice versa.  That
> would corrupt the return address on the stack and would be consistent
> with the details of the above panic.
> 
> Instead of doing the frame pointer save/restore around the bounds of the
> affected functions, instead just do it around the call to swsusp_save().
> That has the same effect of ensuring that if swsusp_save() sleeps, the
> frame pointers will be correct.  It's also a much more obviously safe
> way to do it than the original patch.  And objtool still doesn't report
> any warnings.
> 
> Fixes: ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S")
> Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=150021

> Reported-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>
> Tested-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>

Actually, Andre gave me his real name and email, so these should be:

Reported-by: Andre Reinke <andre.reinke@mailbox.org>
Tested-by: Andre Reinke <andre.reinke@mailbox.org>

-- 
Josh

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption
  2016-07-28 15:17                     ` [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption Josh Poimboeuf
  2016-07-28 15:32                       ` Josh Poimboeuf
@ 2016-07-28 21:36                       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
  2016-07-29  7:16                         ` Ingo Molnar
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 25+ messages in thread
From: Rafael J. Wysocki @ 2016-07-28 21:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Josh Poimboeuf
  Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki, Ingo Molnar, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle

On Thursday, July 28, 2016 10:17:07 AM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 01:29:49AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Thursday, July 28, 2016 01:20:53 AM Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 05:17:38 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > > On Thu, Jul 28, 2016 at 12:12:15AM +0200, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > > > On Wednesday, July 27, 2016 12:59:18 PM Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> > > > > > Hm... I have a theory, but I'm not sure about it.  I noticed that
> > > > > > x86_acpi_enter_sleep_state(),
> > > > > 
> > > > > I think you mean x86_acpi_suspend_lowlevel().
> > > > 
> > > > Oops!
> > > > 
> > > > > > which is involved in suspend, overwrites
> > > > > > several global variables (e.g, initial_code) which are used by the CPU
> > > > > > boot code in head_64.S.  But surprisingly, it doesn't restore those
> > > > > > variables to their original values after it resumes.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Is the head_64.S code also used to bring up offline CPUs?
> > > > 
> > > > Yes.
> > > 
> > > OK
> > > 
> > > So it is really interesting why and how that stuff works for everybody.
> > > 
> > > Basically, CPU online should fail after a suspend-resume cycle, but it
> > > doesn't most of the time AFAICS.
> > 
> > do_boot_cpu() restores those values, so I think we're safe from that angle.
> > 
> > That should apply to the CPU online during resume from hibernation too.
> 
> Yeah, my theory was bogus.  And as it turns out, the bug reporter made a
> mistake in the bisect.  The actual offending commit was apparently:
> 
>   ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S")
> 
> Amazingly enough, I authored that patch as well.  I think "git bisect"
> doesn't like me!
> 
> Here's the fix:
> 
> ----
> 
> From: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption
> 
> In kernel bug 150021, a kernel panic was reported when restoring a
> hibernate image.  Only a picture of the oops was reported, so I can't
> paste the whole thing here.  But here are the most interesting parts:
> 
>   kernel tried to execute NX-protected page - exploit attempt? (uid: 0)
>   BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff8804615cfd78
>   ...
>   RIP: ffff8804615cfd78
>   RSP: ffff8804615f0000
>   RBP: ffff8804615cfdc0
>   ...
>   Call Trace:
>    do_signal+0x23
>    exit_to_usermode_loop+0x64
>    ...
> 
> The RIP is on the same page as RBP, so it apparently started executing
> on the stack.
> 
> The bug was bisected to commit ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create
> stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S"), which in retrospect seems quite
> dangerous, since that code saves and restores the stack pointer from a
> global variable ('saved_context').
> 
> There are a lot of moving parts in the hibernate save and restore paths,
> so I don't know exactly what caused the panic.  Presumably, a FRAME_END
> was executed without the corresponding FRAME_BEGIN, or vice versa.  That
> would corrupt the return address on the stack and would be consistent
> with the details of the above panic.

One problem that I can see immediately is that the stack pointer may not
be valid any more by the time the FRAME_BEGIN in restore_registers() is
executed.  The memory it points to (which used to be a stack area of the
restore kernel) may have been overwritten by some image memory contents
from before hibernation and that page frame may now be used for whatever
different purpose it had been allocated for before hibernation.  If that
happens, the FRAME_BEGIN will corrupt that memory.

Embarrassingly enough, I have looked at that piece of code for tens of
times recently, but somehow I've never translated that FRAME_BEGIN into
a push instruction. :-/

> Instead of doing the frame pointer save/restore around the bounds of the
> affected functions, instead just do it around the call to swsusp_save().
> That has the same effect of ensuring that if swsusp_save() sleeps, the
> frame pointers will be correct.  It's also a much more obviously safe
> way to do it than the original patch.  And objtool still doesn't report
> any warnings.
> 
> Fixes: ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S")
> Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=150021
> Reported-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>
> Tested-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>

I've queued this up as an urgent fix.  I hope there are no objections.

Thanks,
Rafael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption
  2016-07-28 21:36                       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
@ 2016-07-29  7:16                         ` Ingo Molnar
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 25+ messages in thread
From: Ingo Molnar @ 2016-07-29  7:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Rafael J. Wysocki
  Cc: Josh Poimboeuf, Rafael J. Wysocki, Borislav Petkov, Pavel Machek,
	Linux PM list, Linux Kernel Mailing List, Thomas Gleixner,
	shuzzle


* Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@rjwysocki.net> wrote:

> > Fixes: ef0f3ed5a4ac ("x86/asm/power: Create stack frames in hibernate_asm_64.S")
> > Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=150021
> > Reported-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>
> > Tested-by: <shuzzle@mailbox.org>
> > Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> 
> I've queued this up as an urgent fix.  I hope there are no objections.

Looks good to me too!

Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>

Thanks,

	Ingo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 25+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2016-07-29  7:16 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 25+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2016-07-26 11:32 Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-26 14:04 ` Borislav Petkov
2016-07-26 20:24   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-26 20:33     ` Kees Cook
2016-07-26 20:53       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-26 20:59         ` Kees Cook
2016-07-26 21:17           ` Thomas Garnier
2016-07-27  5:39             ` Borislav Petkov
2016-07-26 14:39 ` Josh Poimboeuf
2016-07-26 20:15   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-26 20:31     ` Kees Cook
2016-07-26 20:42       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-26 21:53     ` Josh Poimboeuf
2016-07-26 22:42       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-26 23:08         ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-27 17:59           ` Josh Poimboeuf
2016-07-27 22:12             ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-27 22:17               ` Josh Poimboeuf
2016-07-27 23:20                 ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-27 23:29                   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-28 15:17                     ` [PATCH] x86/asm/power: Fix hibernation return address corruption Josh Poimboeuf
2016-07-28 15:32                       ` Josh Poimboeuf
2016-07-28 21:36                       ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2016-07-29  7:16                         ` Ingo Molnar
2016-07-27 22:20               ` Fwd: [Bug 150021] New: kernel panic: "kernel tried to execute NX-protected page" when resuming from hibernate to disk Rafael J. Wysocki

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