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From: Brian Foster <bfoster@redhat.com>
To: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
Cc: linux-xfs@vger.kernel.org, Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>,
	Martin Svec <martin.svec@zoner.cz>,
	Christian Affolter <c.affolter@stepping-stone.ch>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/3] xfs: push buffer of flush locked dquot to avoid quotacheck deadlock
Date: Mon, 10 Apr 2017 10:19:34 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20170410141934.GC3991@bfoster.bfoster> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20170407200725.GM4874@birch.djwong.org>

On Fri, Apr 07, 2017 at 01:07:25PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 07, 2017 at 08:06:31AM -0400, Brian Foster wrote:
> > On Thu, Apr 06, 2017 at 03:34:17PM -0700, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > > On Fri, Feb 24, 2017 at 02:53:20PM -0500, Brian Foster wrote:
> > > > Reclaim during quotacheck can lead to deadlocks on the dquot flush
> > > > lock:
> > > > 
> > > >  - Quotacheck populates a local delwri queue with the physical dquot
> > > >    buffers.
> > > >  - Quotacheck performs the xfs_qm_dqusage_adjust() bulkstat and
> > > >    dirties all of the dquots.
> > > >  - Reclaim kicks in and attempts to flush a dquot whose buffer is
> > > >    already queud on the quotacheck queue. The flush succeeds but
> > > >    queueing to the reclaim delwri queue fails as the backing buffer is
> > > >    already queued. The flush unlock is now deferred to I/O completion
> > > >    of the buffer from the quotacheck queue.
> > > 
> > > <typing aloud here, trying to follow along...>
> > > 
> > > If I'm reading this correctly, this is the _buf_delwri_queue call
> > > towards the end of the _DQ_IS_DIRTY clause in _qm_dquot_isolate?  Once
> > > the dquot is flushed we fail to add it to isol->buffers because it's
> > > already on quotacheck's buffer_list, which means that the
> > > _buf_delwri_submit call in _qm_shrink_scan never sees our dirty dquot.
> > > 
> > > Therefore, the dquot doesn't get written and the flush lock stays
> > > locked...
> > > 
> > 
> > Yes, exactly.
> > 
> > > >  - The dqadjust bulkstat continues and dirties the recently flushed
> > > >    dquot once again.
> > > >  - Quotacheck proceeds to the xfs_qm_flush_one() walk which requires
> > > >    the flush lock to update the backing buffers with the in-core
> > > >    recalculated values. It deadlocks on the redirtied dquot as the
> > > >    flush lock was already acquired by reclaim, but the buffer resides
> > > >    on the local delwri queue which isn't submitted until the end of
> > > >    quotacheck.
> > > 
> > > ...until quotacheck tries to relock it and deadlocks, like you said.
> > > Ok, I think I understand the deadlock...
> > > 
> > 
> > Yep.
> > 
> > > > This is reproduced by running quotacheck on a filesystem with a
> > > > couple million inodes in low memory (512MB-1GB) situations. This is
> > > > a regression as of commit 43ff2122e6 ("xfs: on-stack delayed write
> > > > buffer lists"), which removed a trylock and buffer I/O submission
> > > > from the quotacheck dquot flush sequence.
> > > > 
> > > > Quotacheck first resets and collects the physical dquot buffers in a
> > > > delwri queue. Then, it traverses the filesystem inodes via bulkstat,
> > > > updates the in-core dquots, flushes the corrected dquots to the
> > > > backing buffers and finally submits the delwri queue for I/O. Since
> > > > the backing buffers are queued across the entire quotacheck
> > > > operation, dquot reclaim cannot possibly complete a dquot flush
> > > > before quotacheck completes.
> > > > 
> > > > Therefore, quotacheck must submit the buffer for I/O in order to
> > > > cycle the flush lock and flush the dirty in-core dquot to the
> > > > buffer. Add a delwri queue buffer push mechanism to submit an
> > > > individual buffer for I/O without losing the delwri queue status and
> > > > use it from quotacheck to avoid the deadlock. This restores
> > > > quotacheck behavior to as before the regression was introduced.
> > > 
> > > ...and therefore why this patch changes quotacheck to check if the
> > > dquot's flush lock is already held and if so, to call
> > > _buf_delwri_submit_buffers so that the io completion will unlock the
> > > flush lock and try again.
> > > 
> > 
> > Yes, though only for the specific buffer.
> > 
> > > When we return to _qm_flush_one, the dquot is no longer dirty and we're
> > > done.  I /think/ this looks ok, though I also think I want to hear if
> > > either Christian Affolter or Martin Svec have had any problems with
> > > these two patches applied.  My current feeling is that this is a bit
> > > late for 4.12, but I'd certainly put it in -washme for wider testing.
> > > If anyone thinks this needs to happen sooner, please speak up.
> > > 
> > 
> > The dquot is still dirty and needs to be flushed on the second go around
> > (otherwise we wouldn't have needed the flush lock here on the first
> > try). The issue is basically that the dquot was adjusted (dirtied) at
> > some point during the bulkstat scan, reclaimed and flushed, and then
> > subsequently dirtied again such that another flush is required via
> > qm_flush_one(). The buffer push frees up the held flush lock so that
> > final flush can proceed.
> 
> Ok.  I'd thought that the dquot could still be dirty when we got to there.
> 
> > BTW, what's the reasoning for being late to 4.12? I actually don't have
> > much of an opinion which release this goes into, so I guess my question
> > is more logistical due to the fact that up until recently I haven't paid
> > much attention to the upstream release cycles. ;P The 4.12 merge window
> > hasn't opened as we are still on 4.11-rc5, right? Is the concern then
> > that the merge window is close enough that this has missed 4.12
> > linux-next soak time?
> 
> We're still at least a week or two away from the merge window opening,
> but I want to hear from the two bug reporters that this patch series has
> made their symptoms go away, and that they've mounted enough times to be
> reasonably confident that they haven't simply gotten lucky and not hit
> the deadlock.  I don't know that both of those things will happen in the
> time we have left, and seeing as the frequency of reports is pretty low,
> it doesn't seem like we have to rush it into 4.12.
> 
> > Also, can you clarify the semantics of the -washme thing? ;) That
> > doesn't necessarily mean the patch has been "merged." Rather, it might
> > be suitable for the next for-next (4.13) provided nothing explodes by
> > then, correct?
> 
> Yep.
> 
> > I'm also a little curious on what extra testing that entails, if any,
> > though perhaps this topic is better suited by an independent thread..
> 
> Same testing as for-next gets (nightly auto group runs, ltp every now
> and then, various $magic workloads); it's really just a place to land
> patches that have been code reviewed but I'm not yet confident enough
> about to put into for-next for the next cycle.
> 

Ok, thanks. Note there will be another version incoming based on Dave's
feedback. Otherwise sounds good.

Brian

> --D
> 
> > 
> > > Sorry this one took me a while to get to. :/
> > > 
> > > Reviewed-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>
> > > 
> > 
> > No problem. Thanks for review...
> > 
> > Brian
> > 
> > > --D
> > > 
> > > > Reported-by: Martin Svec <martin.svec@zoner.cz>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Brian Foster <bfoster@redhat.com>
> > > > ---
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c   | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_buf.h   |  1 +
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_qm.c    | 28 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > > >  fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h |  1 +
> > > >  4 files changed, 66 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > > 
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
> > > > index e566510..e97cf56 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.c
> > > > @@ -2011,6 +2011,43 @@ xfs_buf_delwri_submit(
> > > >  	return error;
> > > >  }
> > > >  
> > > > +int
> > > > +xfs_buf_delwri_pushbuf(
> > > > +	struct xfs_buf		*bp,
> > > > +	struct list_head	*buffer_list)
> > > > +{
> > > > +	LIST_HEAD		(submit_list);
> > > > +	int			error;
> > > > +
> > > > +	ASSERT(xfs_buf_islocked(bp));
> > > > +	ASSERT(bp->b_flags & _XBF_DELWRI_Q);
> > > > +
> > > > +	trace_xfs_buf_delwri_pushbuf(bp, _RET_IP_);
> > > > +
> > > > +	/*
> > > > +	 * Move the buffer to an empty list and submit. Pass the original list
> > > > +	 * as the wait list so delwri submission moves the buf back to it before
> > > > +	 * it is submitted (and thus before it is unlocked). This means the
> > > > +	 * buffer cannot be placed on another list while we wait for it.
> > > > +	 */
> > > > +	list_move(&bp->b_list, &submit_list);
> > > > +	xfs_buf_unlock(bp);
> > > > +
> > > > +	xfs_buf_delwri_submit_buffers(&submit_list, buffer_list);
> > > > +
> > > > +	/*
> > > > +	 * Lock the buffer to wait for I/O completion. It's already held on the
> > > > +	 * original list, so all we have to do is reset the delwri queue flag
> > > > +	 * that was cleared by delwri submission.
> > > > +	 */
> > > > +	xfs_buf_lock(bp);
> > > > +	error = bp->b_error;
> > > > +	bp->b_flags |= _XBF_DELWRI_Q;
> > > > +	xfs_buf_unlock(bp);
> > > > +
> > > > +	return error;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > >  int __init
> > > >  xfs_buf_init(void)
> > > >  {
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.h
> > > > index 8a9d3a9..cd74216 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.h
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_buf.h
> > > > @@ -334,6 +334,7 @@ extern void xfs_buf_stale(struct xfs_buf *bp);
> > > >  extern bool xfs_buf_delwri_queue(struct xfs_buf *, struct list_head *);
> > > >  extern int xfs_buf_delwri_submit(struct list_head *);
> > > >  extern int xfs_buf_delwri_submit_nowait(struct list_head *);
> > > > +extern int xfs_buf_delwri_pushbuf(struct xfs_buf *, struct list_head *);
> > > >  
> > > >  /* Buffer Daemon Setup Routines */
> > > >  extern int xfs_buf_init(void);
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_qm.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_qm.c
> > > > index 4ff993c..3815ed3 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_qm.c
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_qm.c
> > > > @@ -1247,6 +1247,7 @@ xfs_qm_flush_one(
> > > >  	struct xfs_dquot	*dqp,
> > > >  	void			*data)
> > > >  {
> > > > +	struct xfs_mount	*mp = dqp->q_mount;
> > > >  	struct list_head	*buffer_list = data;
> > > >  	struct xfs_buf		*bp = NULL;
> > > >  	int			error = 0;
> > > > @@ -1257,7 +1258,32 @@ xfs_qm_flush_one(
> > > >  	if (!XFS_DQ_IS_DIRTY(dqp))
> > > >  		goto out_unlock;
> > > >  
> > > > -	xfs_dqflock(dqp);
> > > > +	/*
> > > > +	 * The only way the dquot is already flush locked by the time quotacheck
> > > > +	 * gets here is if reclaim flushed it before the dqadjust walk dirtied
> > > > +	 * it for the final time. Quotacheck collects all dquot bufs in the
> > > > +	 * local delwri queue before dquots are dirtied, so reclaim can't have
> > > > +	 * possibly queued it for I/O. The only way out is to push the buffer to
> > > > +	 * cycle the flush lock.
> > > > +	 */
> > > > +	if (!xfs_dqflock_nowait(dqp)) {
> > > > +		/* buf is pinned in-core by delwri list */
> > > > +		DEFINE_SINGLE_BUF_MAP(map, dqp->q_blkno,
> > > > +				      mp->m_quotainfo->qi_dqchunklen);
> > > > +		bp = _xfs_buf_find(mp->m_ddev_targp, &map, 1, 0, NULL);
> > > > +		if (!bp) {
> > > > +			error = -EINVAL;
> > > > +			goto out_unlock;
> > > > +		}
> > > > +
> > > > +		/* delwri_pushbuf drops the buf lock */
> > > > +		xfs_buf_delwri_pushbuf(bp, buffer_list);
> > > > +		xfs_buf_rele(bp);
> > > > +
> > > > +		error = -EAGAIN;
> > > > +		goto out_unlock;
> > > > +	}
> > > > +
> > > >  	error = xfs_qm_dqflush(dqp, &bp);
> > > >  	if (error)
> > > >  		goto out_unlock;
> > > > diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> > > > index fb7555e..c8d28a9 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> > > > +++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_trace.h
> > > > @@ -365,6 +365,7 @@ DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_iowait_done);
> > > >  DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_delwri_queue);
> > > >  DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_delwri_queued);
> > > >  DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_delwri_split);
> > > > +DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_delwri_pushbuf);
> > > >  DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_get_uncached);
> > > >  DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_item_relse);
> > > >  DEFINE_BUF_EVENT(xfs_buf_item_iodone_async);
> > > > -- 
> > > > 2.7.4
> > > > 
> > > > --
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> > > > the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
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> > > --
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> --
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  reply	other threads:[~2017-04-10 14:19 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 26+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-02-24 19:53 [PATCH v2 0/3] xfs: quotacheck vs. dquot reclaim deadlock Brian Foster
2017-02-24 19:53 ` [PATCH 1/3] xfs: fix up quotacheck buffer list error handling Brian Foster
2017-04-06 22:39   ` Darrick J. Wong
2017-04-07 12:02     ` Brian Foster
2017-04-07 18:20       ` Darrick J. Wong
2017-04-07 18:38         ` Brian Foster
2017-04-10  4:18   ` Dave Chinner
2017-04-10 14:13     ` Brian Foster
2017-02-24 19:53 ` [PATCH 2/3] xfs: push buffer of flush locked dquot to avoid quotacheck deadlock Brian Foster
2017-04-06 22:34   ` Darrick J. Wong
2017-04-07 12:06     ` Brian Foster
2017-04-07 20:07       ` Darrick J. Wong
2017-04-10 14:19         ` Brian Foster [this message]
2017-04-10  5:00   ` Dave Chinner
2017-04-10 14:15     ` Brian Foster
2017-04-10 23:55       ` Dave Chinner
2017-04-11 14:53         ` Brian Foster
2017-04-18  2:35           ` Dave Chinner
2017-04-18 13:55             ` Brian Foster
2017-04-19  2:46               ` Dave Chinner
2017-04-19 19:55                 ` Darrick J. Wong
2017-04-19 20:46                   ` Brian Foster
2017-04-21 12:18                     ` Brian Foster
2017-04-19 20:40                 ` Brian Foster
2017-04-11 12:50     ` Brian Foster
2017-02-24 19:53 ` [PATCH 3/3] [RFC] xfs: release buffer list after quotacheck buf reset Brian Foster

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