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* [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 01/30] t1408: add a test of stale packed refs covered by loose refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (30 more replies)
  0 siblings, 31 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

This is v3 of a patch series creating a `packed_ref_store` reference
backend. Thanks to Peff and Junio for their comments about v2 [1].

Changes since v2:

* Delete some debugging `cat` commands in t1408.

* Add some tests of reading packed-refs files with bogus contents.

* When reporting corruption in packed-refs files, distinguish between
  unterminated lines and other corruption.

* Fixed a typo in a commit message.

This patch series can also be obtained from my GitHub fork [2] as
branch packed-ref-store.

Michael

[1] v1: http://public-inbox.org/git/cover.1497534157.git.mhagger@alum.mit.edu/
    v2: http://public-inbox.org/git/cover.1498200513.git.mhagger@alum.mit.edu/
[2] https://github.com/mhagger/git

Junio C Hamano (1):
  t1408: add a test of stale packed refs covered by loose refs

Michael Haggerty (29):
  add_packed_ref(): teach function to overwrite existing refs
  packed_ref_store: new struct
  packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_path` here
  packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_lock` member here
  clear_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  validate_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  get_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  get_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  add_packed_ref(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  lock_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  commit_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  rollback_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  get_packed_ref(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  repack_without_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  packed_peel_ref(): new function, extracted from `files_peel_ref()`
  packed_ref_store: support iteration
  packed_read_raw_ref(): new function, replacing `resolve_packed_ref()`
  packed-backend: new module for handling packed references
  packed_ref_store: make class into a subclass of `ref_store`
  commit_packed_refs(): report errors rather than dying
  commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from the lockfile
  packed_refs_lock(): function renamed from lock_packed_refs()
  packed_refs_lock(): report errors via a `struct strbuf *err`
  packed_refs_unlock(), packed_refs_is_locked(): new functions
  clear_packed_ref_cache(): don't protest if the lock is held
  commit_packed_refs(): remove call to `packed_refs_unlock()`
  repack_without_refs(): don't lock or unlock the packed refs
  t3210: add some tests of bogus packed-refs file contents
  read_packed_refs(): die if `packed-refs` contains bogus data

 Makefile               |   1 +
 refs.c                 |  18 +
 refs/files-backend.c   | 631 ++++-------------------------------
 refs/packed-backend.c  | 872 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 refs/packed-backend.h  |  25 ++
 refs/refs-internal.h   |  10 +
 t/t1408-packed-refs.sh |  42 +++
 t/t3210-pack-refs.sh   |  27 ++
 8 files changed, 1066 insertions(+), 560 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 refs/packed-backend.c
 create mode 100644 refs/packed-backend.h
 create mode 100755 t/t1408-packed-refs.sh

-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 01/30] t1408: add a test of stale packed refs covered by loose refs
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 02/30] add_packed_ref(): teach function to overwrite existing refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (29 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

From: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>

It is OK for the packed-refs file to contain old reference definitions
that might even refer to objects that have since been
garbage-collected, as long as there is a corresponding loose reference
definition that overrides it. Add a test that such references don't
cause problems.

Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 t/t1408-packed-refs.sh | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 42 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 t/t1408-packed-refs.sh

diff --git a/t/t1408-packed-refs.sh b/t/t1408-packed-refs.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000000..1e44a17eea
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t1408-packed-refs.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='packed-refs entries are covered by loose refs'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+test_expect_success setup '
+	test_tick &&
+	git commit --allow-empty -m one &&
+	one=$(git rev-parse HEAD) &&
+	git for-each-ref >actual &&
+	echo "$one commit	refs/heads/master" >expect &&
+	test_cmp expect actual &&
+
+	git pack-refs --all &&
+	git for-each-ref >actual &&
+	echo "$one commit	refs/heads/master" >expect &&
+	test_cmp expect actual &&
+
+	git checkout --orphan another &&
+	test_tick &&
+	git commit --allow-empty -m two &&
+	two=$(git rev-parse HEAD) &&
+	git checkout -B master &&
+	git branch -D another &&
+
+	git for-each-ref >actual &&
+	echo "$two commit	refs/heads/master" >expect &&
+	test_cmp expect actual &&
+
+	git reflog expire --expire=now --all &&
+	git prune &&
+	git tag -m v1.0 v1.0 master
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'no error from stale entry in packed-refs' '
+	git describe master >actual 2>&1 &&
+	echo "v1.0" >expect &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_done
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 02/30] add_packed_ref(): teach function to overwrite existing refs
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 01/30] t1408: add a test of stale packed refs covered by loose refs Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 03/30] packed_ref_store: new struct Michael Haggerty
                   ` (28 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Teach `add_packed_ref()` to overwrite an existing entry if one already
exists for the specified `refname`. This means that we can call it
from `files_pack_refs()`, thereby reducing the amount that the latter
function needs to know about the internals of packed-reference
handling.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++----------------------
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index b040bb3b0a..87cecde231 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -413,15 +413,16 @@ static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 }
 
 /*
- * Add a reference to the in-memory packed reference cache.  This may
- * only be called while the packed-refs file is locked (see
- * lock_packed_refs()).  To actually write the packed-refs file, call
- * commit_packed_refs().
+ * Add or overwrite a reference in the in-memory packed reference
+ * cache. This may only be called while the packed-refs file is locked
+ * (see lock_packed_refs()). To actually write the packed-refs file,
+ * call commit_packed_refs().
  */
 static void add_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 			   const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid)
 {
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
+	struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
 
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
 		die("BUG: packed refs not locked");
@@ -429,8 +430,17 @@ static void add_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
 		die("Reference has invalid format: '%s'", refname);
 
-	add_ref_entry(get_packed_ref_dir(packed_ref_cache),
-		      create_ref_entry(refname, oid, REF_ISPACKED));
+	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs);
+	packed_entry = find_ref_entry(packed_refs, refname);
+	if (packed_entry) {
+		/* Overwrite the existing entry: */
+		oidcpy(&packed_entry->u.value.oid, oid);
+		packed_entry->flag = REF_ISPACKED;
+		oidclr(&packed_entry->u.value.peeled);
+	} else {
+		packed_entry = create_ref_entry(refname, oid, REF_ISPACKED);
+		add_ref_entry(packed_refs, packed_entry);
+	}
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1526,12 +1536,10 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 		files_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE | REF_STORE_ODB,
 			       "pack_refs");
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
-	struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
 	int ok;
 	struct ref_to_prune *refs_to_prune = NULL;
 
 	lock_packed_refs(refs, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
-	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs);
 
 	iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(get_loose_ref_cache(refs), NULL, 0);
 	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
@@ -1540,8 +1548,6 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 		 * in the packed ref cache. If the reference should be
 		 * pruned, also add it to refs_to_prune.
 		 */
-		struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
-
 		if (!should_pack_ref(iter->refname, iter->oid, iter->flags,
 				     flags))
 			continue;
@@ -1552,17 +1558,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 		 * we don't copy the peeled status, because we want it
 		 * to be re-peeled.
 		 */
-		packed_entry = find_ref_entry(packed_refs, iter->refname);
-		if (packed_entry) {
-			/* Overwrite existing packed entry with info from loose entry */
-			packed_entry->flag = REF_ISPACKED;
-			oidcpy(&packed_entry->u.value.oid, iter->oid);
-		} else {
-			packed_entry = create_ref_entry(iter->refname, iter->oid,
-							REF_ISPACKED);
-			add_ref_entry(packed_refs, packed_entry);
-		}
-		oidclr(&packed_entry->u.value.peeled);
+		add_packed_ref(refs, iter->refname, iter->oid);
 
 		/* Schedule the loose reference for pruning if requested. */
 		if ((flags & PACK_REFS_PRUNE)) {
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 03/30] packed_ref_store: new struct
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 01/30] t1408: add a test of stale packed refs covered by loose refs Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 02/30] add_packed_ref(): teach function to overwrite existing refs Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 04/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_path` here Michael Haggerty
                   ` (27 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Start extracting the packed-refs-related data structures into a new
class, `packed_ref_store`. It doesn't yet implement `ref_store`, but
it will.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 87cecde231..2efb71cee9 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -47,6 +47,28 @@ struct packed_ref_cache {
 	struct stat_validity validity;
 };
 
+/*
+ * A container for `packed-refs`-related data. It is not (yet) a
+ * `ref_store`.
+ */
+struct packed_ref_store {
+	unsigned int store_flags;
+
+	/*
+	 * A cache of the values read from the `packed-refs` file, if
+	 * it might still be current; otherwise, NULL.
+	 */
+	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
+};
+
+static struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(unsigned int store_flags)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*refs));
+
+	refs->store_flags = store_flags;
+	return refs;
+}
+
 /*
  * Future: need to be in "struct repository"
  * when doing a full libification.
@@ -60,13 +82,14 @@ struct files_ref_store {
 	char *packed_refs_path;
 
 	struct ref_cache *loose;
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed;
 
 	/*
 	 * Lock used for the "packed-refs" file. Note that this (and
 	 * thus the enclosing `files_ref_store`) must not be freed.
 	 */
 	struct lock_file packed_refs_lock;
+
+	struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store;
 };
 
 /*
@@ -95,12 +118,12 @@ static int release_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
 
 static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	if (refs->packed) {
-		struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs = refs->packed;
+	if (refs->packed_ref_store->cache) {
+		struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs = refs->packed_ref_store->cache;
 
 		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
 			die("BUG: packed-ref cache cleared while locked");
-		refs->packed = NULL;
+		refs->packed_ref_store->cache = NULL;
 		release_packed_ref_cache(packed_refs);
 	}
 }
@@ -132,6 +155,7 @@ static struct ref_store *files_ref_store_create(const char *gitdir,
 	refs->gitcommondir = strbuf_detach(&sb, NULL);
 	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s/packed-refs", refs->gitcommondir);
 	refs->packed_refs_path = strbuf_detach(&sb, NULL);
+	refs->packed_ref_store = packed_ref_store_create(flags);
 
 	return ref_store;
 }
@@ -375,8 +399,8 @@ static void files_ref_path(struct files_ref_store *refs,
  */
 static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	if (refs->packed &&
-	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->packed->validity,
+	if (refs->packed_ref_store->cache &&
+	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->packed_ref_store->cache->validity,
 				 files_packed_refs_path(refs)))
 		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 }
@@ -396,10 +420,10 @@ static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *ref
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
 		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 
-	if (!refs->packed)
-		refs->packed = read_packed_refs(packed_refs_file);
+	if (!refs->packed_ref_store->cache)
+		refs->packed_ref_store->cache = read_packed_refs(packed_refs_file);
 
-	return refs->packed;
+	return refs->packed_ref_store->cache;
 }
 
 static struct ref_dir *get_packed_ref_dir(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache)
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 04/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_path` here
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 03/30] packed_ref_store: new struct Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 05/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_lock` member here Michael Haggerty
                   ` (26 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Move `packed_refs_path` from `files_ref_store` to `packed_ref_store`,
and rename it to `path` since its meaning is clear from its new
context.

Inline `files_packed_refs_path()`.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 25 ++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 2efb71cee9..c4b8e2f63b 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -54,6 +54,9 @@ struct packed_ref_cache {
 struct packed_ref_store {
 	unsigned int store_flags;
 
+	/* The path of the "packed-refs" file: */
+	char *path;
+
 	/*
 	 * A cache of the values read from the `packed-refs` file, if
 	 * it might still be current; otherwise, NULL.
@@ -61,11 +64,13 @@ struct packed_ref_store {
 	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
 };
 
-static struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(unsigned int store_flags)
+static struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
+		const char *path, unsigned int store_flags)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_store *refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*refs));
 
 	refs->store_flags = store_flags;
+	refs->path = xstrdup(path);
 	return refs;
 }
 
@@ -79,7 +84,6 @@ struct files_ref_store {
 
 	char *gitdir;
 	char *gitcommondir;
-	char *packed_refs_path;
 
 	struct ref_cache *loose;
 
@@ -154,8 +158,8 @@ static struct ref_store *files_ref_store_create(const char *gitdir,
 	get_common_dir_noenv(&sb, gitdir);
 	refs->gitcommondir = strbuf_detach(&sb, NULL);
 	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s/packed-refs", refs->gitcommondir);
-	refs->packed_refs_path = strbuf_detach(&sb, NULL);
-	refs->packed_ref_store = packed_ref_store_create(flags);
+	refs->packed_ref_store = packed_ref_store_create(sb.buf, flags);
+	strbuf_release(&sb);
 
 	return ref_store;
 }
@@ -343,11 +347,6 @@ static struct packed_ref_cache *read_packed_refs(const char *packed_refs_file)
 	return packed_refs;
 }
 
-static const char *files_packed_refs_path(struct files_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	return refs->packed_refs_path;
-}
-
 static void files_reflog_path(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 			      struct strbuf *sb,
 			      const char *refname)
@@ -401,7 +400,7 @@ static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
 	if (refs->packed_ref_store->cache &&
 	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->packed_ref_store->cache->validity,
-				 files_packed_refs_path(refs)))
+				 refs->packed_ref_store->path))
 		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 }
 
@@ -415,7 +414,7 @@ static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
  */
 static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	const char *packed_refs_file = files_packed_refs_path(refs);
+	const char *packed_refs_file = refs->packed_ref_store->path;
 
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
 		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
@@ -1352,7 +1351,7 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 	}
 
 	if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-			    &refs->packed_refs_lock, files_packed_refs_path(refs),
+			    &refs->packed_refs_lock, refs->packed_ref_store->path,
 			    flags, timeout_value) < 0)
 		return -1;
 
@@ -1633,7 +1632,7 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
 
 	if (lock_packed_refs(refs, 0)) {
-		unable_to_lock_message(files_packed_refs_path(refs), errno, err);
+		unable_to_lock_message(refs->packed_ref_store->path, errno, err);
 		return -1;
 	}
 	packed = get_packed_refs(refs);
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 05/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_lock` member here
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 04/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_path` here Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 06/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter Michael Haggerty
                   ` (25 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Move the `packed_refs_lock` member from `files_ref_store` to
`packed_ref_store`, and rename it to `lock` since it's now more
obvious what it is locking.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++---------------
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index c4b8e2f63b..de8293493f 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -62,6 +62,12 @@ struct packed_ref_store {
 	 * it might still be current; otherwise, NULL.
 	 */
 	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
+
+	/*
+	 * Lock used for the "packed-refs" file. Note that this (and
+	 * thus the enclosing `packed_ref_store`) must not be freed.
+	 */
+	struct lock_file lock;
 };
 
 static struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
@@ -87,12 +93,6 @@ struct files_ref_store {
 
 	struct ref_cache *loose;
 
-	/*
-	 * Lock used for the "packed-refs" file. Note that this (and
-	 * thus the enclosing `files_ref_store`) must not be freed.
-	 */
-	struct lock_file packed_refs_lock;
-
 	struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store;
 };
 
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 	if (refs->packed_ref_store->cache) {
 		struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs = refs->packed_ref_store->cache;
 
-		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
+		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
 			die("BUG: packed-ref cache cleared while locked");
 		refs->packed_ref_store->cache = NULL;
 		release_packed_ref_cache(packed_refs);
@@ -416,7 +416,7 @@ static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *ref
 {
 	const char *packed_refs_file = refs->packed_ref_store->path;
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
 		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 
 	if (!refs->packed_ref_store->cache)
@@ -447,7 +447,7 @@ static void add_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
 	struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed refs not locked");
 
 	if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
@@ -1351,7 +1351,8 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 	}
 
 	if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-			    &refs->packed_refs_lock, refs->packed_ref_store->path,
+			    &refs->packed_ref_store->lock,
+			    refs->packed_ref_store->path,
 			    flags, timeout_value) < 0)
 		return -1;
 
@@ -1388,10 +1389,10 @@ static int commit_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 
 	files_assert_main_repository(refs, "commit_packed_refs");
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
 
-	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->packed_refs_lock, "w");
+	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock, "w");
 	if (!out)
 		die_errno("unable to fdopen packed-refs descriptor");
 
@@ -1409,7 +1410,7 @@ static int commit_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 	if (ok != ITER_DONE)
 		die("error while iterating over references");
 
-	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->packed_refs_lock)) {
+	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock)) {
 		save_errno = errno;
 		error = -1;
 	}
@@ -1430,9 +1431,9 @@ static void rollback_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 
 	files_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_refs_lock))
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
-	rollback_lock_file(&refs->packed_refs_lock);
+	rollback_lock_file(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock);
 	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
 	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 }
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 06/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 05/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_lock` member here Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 07/30] validate_packed_ref_cache(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (24 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 16 ++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index de8293493f..2b0db60b2b 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -120,15 +120,15 @@ static int release_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
 	}
 }
 
-static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
+static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	if (refs->packed_ref_store->cache) {
-		struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs = refs->packed_ref_store->cache;
+	if (refs->cache) {
+		struct packed_ref_cache *cache = refs->cache;
 
-		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
+		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 			die("BUG: packed-ref cache cleared while locked");
-		refs->packed_ref_store->cache = NULL;
-		release_packed_ref_cache(packed_refs);
+		refs->cache = NULL;
+		release_packed_ref_cache(cache);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -401,7 +401,7 @@ static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 	if (refs->packed_ref_store->cache &&
 	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->packed_ref_store->cache->validity,
 				 refs->packed_ref_store->path))
-		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1435,7 +1435,7 @@ static void rollback_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
 	rollback_lock_file(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock);
 	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
-	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 }
 
 struct ref_to_prune {
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 07/30] validate_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 06/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 08/30] get_packed_ref_cache(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (23 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 13 ++++++-------
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 2b0db60b2b..f061506bf0 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -396,12 +396,11 @@ static void files_ref_path(struct files_ref_store *refs,
  * Check that the packed refs cache (if any) still reflects the
  * contents of the file. If not, clear the cache.
  */
-static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
+static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	if (refs->packed_ref_store->cache &&
-	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->packed_ref_store->cache->validity,
-				 refs->packed_ref_store->path))
-		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	if (refs->cache &&
+	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->cache->validity, refs->path))
+		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -417,7 +416,7 @@ static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *ref
 	const char *packed_refs_file = refs->packed_ref_store->path;
 
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
-		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 
 	if (!refs->packed_ref_store->cache)
 		refs->packed_ref_store->cache = read_packed_refs(packed_refs_file);
@@ -1364,7 +1363,7 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 	 * cache is still valid. We've just locked the file, but it
 	 * might have changed the moment *before* we locked it.
 	 */
-	validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	validate_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 
 	packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 	/* Increment the reference count to prevent it from being freed: */
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 08/30] get_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 07/30] validate_packed_ref_cache(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 09/30] get_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (22 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 26 ++++++++++++--------------
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index f061506bf0..b2ef7b3bb9 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -404,24 +404,22 @@ static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 }
 
 /*
- * Get the packed_ref_cache for the specified files_ref_store,
+ * Get the packed_ref_cache for the specified packed_ref_store,
  * creating and populating it if it hasn't been read before or if the
  * file has been changed (according to its `validity` field) since it
  * was last read. On the other hand, if we hold the lock, then assume
  * that the file hasn't been changed out from under us, so skip the
  * extra `stat()` call in `stat_validity_check()`.
  */
-static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
+static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	const char *packed_refs_file = refs->packed_ref_store->path;
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
-		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
-
-	if (!refs->packed_ref_store->cache)
-		refs->packed_ref_store->cache = read_packed_refs(packed_refs_file);
+	if (!refs->cache)
+		refs->cache = read_packed_refs(refs->path);
 
-	return refs->packed_ref_store->cache;
+	return refs->cache;
 }
 
 static struct ref_dir *get_packed_ref_dir(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache)
@@ -431,7 +429,7 @@ static struct ref_dir *get_packed_ref_dir(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_ca
 
 static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	return get_packed_ref_dir(get_packed_ref_cache(refs));
+	return get_packed_ref_dir(get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store));
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1151,7 +1149,7 @@ static struct ref_iterator *files_ref_iterator_begin(
 	loose_iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(get_loose_ref_cache(refs),
 					      prefix, 1);
 
-	iter->packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	iter->packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 	acquire_packed_ref_cache(iter->packed_ref_cache);
 	packed_iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(iter->packed_ref_cache->cache,
 					       prefix, 0);
@@ -1365,7 +1363,7 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 	 */
 	validate_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 
-	packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 	/* Increment the reference count to prevent it from being freed: */
 	acquire_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
 	return 0;
@@ -1380,7 +1378,7 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 static int commit_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
-		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+		get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 	int ok, error = 0;
 	int save_errno = 0;
 	FILE *out;
@@ -1426,7 +1424,7 @@ static int commit_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 static void rollback_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
-		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+		get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
 
 	files_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
 
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 09/30] get_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 08/30] get_packed_ref_cache(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 10/30] add_packed_ref(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (21 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 10 +++++-----
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index b2ef7b3bb9..bc5c0de84e 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -427,9 +427,9 @@ static struct ref_dir *get_packed_ref_dir(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_ca
 	return get_ref_dir(packed_ref_cache->cache->root);
 }
 
-static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
+static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	return get_packed_ref_dir(get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store));
+	return get_packed_ref_dir(get_packed_ref_cache(refs));
 }
 
 /*
@@ -450,7 +450,7 @@ static void add_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
 		die("Reference has invalid format: '%s'", refname);
 
-	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs);
+	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
 	packed_entry = find_ref_entry(packed_refs, refname);
 	if (packed_entry) {
 		/* Overwrite the existing entry: */
@@ -592,7 +592,7 @@ static struct ref_cache *get_loose_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 					const char *refname)
 {
-	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs), refname);
+	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store), refname);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1633,7 +1633,7 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 		unable_to_lock_message(refs->packed_ref_store->path, errno, err);
 		return -1;
 	}
-	packed = get_packed_refs(refs);
+	packed = get_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
 
 	/* Remove refnames from the cache */
 	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames)
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 10/30] add_packed_ref(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 09/30] get_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 11/30] lock_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (20 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 10 +++++-----
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index bc5c0de84e..4943207098 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -438,19 +438,19 @@ static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
  * (see lock_packed_refs()). To actually write the packed-refs file,
  * call commit_packed_refs().
  */
-static void add_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
+static void add_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 			   const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid)
 {
 	struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
 	struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed refs not locked");
 
 	if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
 		die("Reference has invalid format: '%s'", refname);
 
-	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs);
 	packed_entry = find_ref_entry(packed_refs, refname);
 	if (packed_entry) {
 		/* Overwrite the existing entry: */
@@ -1579,7 +1579,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 		 * we don't copy the peeled status, because we want it
 		 * to be re-peeled.
 		 */
-		add_packed_ref(refs, iter->refname, iter->oid);
+		add_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, iter->refname, iter->oid);
 
 		/* Schedule the loose reference for pruning if requested. */
 		if ((flags & PACK_REFS_PRUNE)) {
@@ -3210,7 +3210,7 @@ static int files_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 
 		if ((update->flags & REF_HAVE_NEW) &&
 		    !is_null_oid(&update->new_oid))
-			add_packed_ref(refs, update->refname,
+			add_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, update->refname,
 				       &update->new_oid);
 	}
 
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 11/30] lock_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 10/30] add_packed_ref(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 12/30] commit_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (19 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 4943207098..0d8f39089f 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -80,6 +80,19 @@ static struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
 	return refs;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Die if refs is not the main ref store. caller is used in any
+ * necessary error messages.
+ */
+static void packed_assert_main_repository(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+					  const char *caller)
+{
+	if (refs->store_flags & REF_STORE_MAIN)
+		return;
+
+	die("BUG: operation %s only allowed for main ref store", caller);
+}
+
 /*
  * Future: need to be in "struct repository"
  * when doing a full libification.
@@ -1334,13 +1347,13 @@ static void write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
  * hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, set
  * errno appropriately and return a nonzero value.
  */
-static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
+static int lock_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 {
 	static int timeout_configured = 0;
 	static int timeout_value = 1000;
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
 
-	files_assert_main_repository(refs, "lock_packed_refs");
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "lock_packed_refs");
 
 	if (!timeout_configured) {
 		git_config_get_int("core.packedrefstimeout", &timeout_value);
@@ -1348,8 +1361,8 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 	}
 
 	if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-			    &refs->packed_ref_store->lock,
-			    refs->packed_ref_store->path,
+			    &refs->lock,
+			    refs->path,
 			    flags, timeout_value) < 0)
 		return -1;
 
@@ -1361,9 +1374,9 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs, int flags)
 	 * cache is still valid. We've just locked the file, but it
 	 * might have changed the moment *before* we locked it.
 	 */
-	validate_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 
-	packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 	/* Increment the reference count to prevent it from being freed: */
 	acquire_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
 	return 0;
@@ -1560,7 +1573,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 	int ok;
 	struct ref_to_prune *refs_to_prune = NULL;
 
-	lock_packed_refs(refs, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
+	lock_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
 
 	iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(get_loose_ref_cache(refs), NULL, 0);
 	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
@@ -1629,7 +1642,7 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	if (!needs_repacking)
 		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
 
-	if (lock_packed_refs(refs, 0)) {
+	if (lock_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, 0)) {
 		unable_to_lock_message(refs->packed_ref_store->path, errno, err);
 		return -1;
 	}
@@ -3198,7 +3211,7 @@ static int files_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (lock_packed_refs(refs, 0)) {
+	if (lock_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, 0)) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to lock packed-refs file: %s",
 			    strerror(errno));
 		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 12/30] commit_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 11/30] lock_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 13/30] rollback_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (18 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 18 +++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 0d8f39089f..5d159620f0 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1388,21 +1388,21 @@ static int lock_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs, int flags)
  * lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, set errno
  * and return a nonzero value
  */
-static int commit_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
+static int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
-		get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
+		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 	int ok, error = 0;
 	int save_errno = 0;
 	FILE *out;
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
 
-	files_assert_main_repository(refs, "commit_packed_refs");
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "commit_packed_refs");
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
 
-	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock, "w");
+	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->lock, "w");
 	if (!out)
 		die_errno("unable to fdopen packed-refs descriptor");
 
@@ -1420,7 +1420,7 @@ static int commit_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 	if (ok != ITER_DONE)
 		die("error while iterating over references");
 
-	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock)) {
+	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->lock)) {
 		save_errno = errno;
 		error = -1;
 	}
@@ -1606,7 +1606,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 	if (ok != ITER_DONE)
 		die("error while iterating over references");
 
-	if (commit_packed_refs(refs))
+	if (commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store))
 		die_errno("unable to overwrite old ref-pack file");
 
 	prune_refs(refs, refs_to_prune);
@@ -1662,7 +1662,7 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	}
 
 	/* Write what remains */
-	ret = commit_packed_refs(refs);
+	ret = commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
 	if (ret)
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s",
 			    strerror(errno));
@@ -3227,7 +3227,7 @@ static int files_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 				       &update->new_oid);
 	}
 
-	if (commit_packed_refs(refs)) {
+	if (commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store)) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to commit packed-refs file: %s",
 			    strerror(errno));
 		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 13/30] rollback_packed_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 12/30] commit_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 14/30] get_packed_ref(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 15 +++++++--------
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 5d159620f0..a08d3fbadf 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1434,18 +1434,17 @@ static int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
  * in-memory packed reference cache.  (The packed-refs file will be
  * read anew if it is needed again after this function is called.)
  */
-static void rollback_packed_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs)
+static void rollback_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
-		get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 
-	files_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
 
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock))
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
-	rollback_lock_file(&refs->packed_ref_store->lock);
+	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
 	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
-	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 }
 
 struct ref_to_prune {
@@ -1657,7 +1656,7 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 		 * All packed entries disappeared while we were
 		 * acquiring the lock.
 		 */
-		rollback_packed_refs(refs);
+		rollback_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 14/30] get_packed_ref(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 13/30] rollback_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 15/30] repack_without_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 12 +++++++-----
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index a08d3fbadf..2b9d93d3b6 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -602,10 +602,10 @@ static struct ref_cache *get_loose_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
  * Return the ref_entry for the given refname from the packed
  * references.  If it does not exist, return NULL.
  */
-static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
+static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 					const char *refname)
 {
-	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store), refname);
+	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs), refname);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -621,7 +621,7 @@ static int resolve_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	 * The loose reference file does not exist; check for a packed
 	 * reference.
 	 */
-	entry = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
+	entry = get_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname);
 	if (entry) {
 		hashcpy(sha1, entry->u.value.oid.hash);
 		*flags |= REF_ISPACKED;
@@ -1044,7 +1044,9 @@ static int files_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	 * have REF_KNOWS_PEELED.
 	 */
 	if (flag & REF_ISPACKED) {
-		struct ref_entry *r = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
+		struct ref_entry *r =
+			get_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname);
+
 		if (r) {
 			if (peel_entry(r, 0))
 				return -1;
@@ -1631,7 +1633,7 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 
 	/* Look for a packed ref */
 	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames) {
-		if (get_packed_ref(refs, refname->string)) {
+		if (get_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname->string)) {
 			needs_repacking = 1;
 			break;
 		}
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 15/30] repack_without_refs(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 14/30] get_packed_ref(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 16/30] packed_peel_ref(): new function, extracted from `files_peel_ref()` Michael Haggerty
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

It only cares about the packed-refs part of the reference store.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 20 ++++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 2b9d93d3b6..c206791b91 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1621,19 +1621,19 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
  *
  * The refs in 'refnames' needn't be sorted. `err` must not be NULL.
  */
-static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
+static int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 			       struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err)
 {
 	struct ref_dir *packed;
 	struct string_list_item *refname;
 	int ret, needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
 
-	files_assert_main_repository(refs, "repack_without_refs");
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "repack_without_refs");
 	assert(err);
 
 	/* Look for a packed ref */
 	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames) {
-		if (get_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname->string)) {
+		if (get_packed_ref(refs, refname->string)) {
 			needs_repacking = 1;
 			break;
 		}
@@ -1643,11 +1643,11 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	if (!needs_repacking)
 		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
 
-	if (lock_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, 0)) {
-		unable_to_lock_message(refs->packed_ref_store->path, errno, err);
+	if (lock_packed_refs(refs, 0)) {
+		unable_to_lock_message(refs->path, errno, err);
 		return -1;
 	}
-	packed = get_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	packed = get_packed_refs(refs);
 
 	/* Remove refnames from the cache */
 	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames)
@@ -1658,12 +1658,12 @@ static int repack_without_refs(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 		 * All packed entries disappeared while we were
 		 * acquiring the lock.
 		 */
-		rollback_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
+		rollback_packed_refs(refs);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
 	/* Write what remains */
-	ret = commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store);
+	ret = commit_packed_refs(refs);
 	if (ret)
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s",
 			    strerror(errno));
@@ -1681,7 +1681,7 @@ static int files_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
 	if (!refnames->nr)
 		return 0;
 
-	result = repack_without_refs(refs, refnames, &err);
+	result = repack_without_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, refnames, &err);
 	if (result) {
 		/*
 		 * If we failed to rewrite the packed-refs file, then
@@ -3101,7 +3101,7 @@ static int files_transaction_finish(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (repack_without_refs(refs, &refs_to_delete, err)) {
+	if (repack_without_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, &refs_to_delete, err)) {
 		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
 		goto cleanup;
 	}
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 16/30] packed_peel_ref(): new function, extracted from `files_peel_ref()`
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 15/30] repack_without_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 17/30] packed_ref_store: support iteration Michael Haggerty
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

This will later become a method of `packed_ref_store`.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 26 +++++++++++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index c206791b91..185d05e1d6 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1013,6 +1013,18 @@ static int lock_raw_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int packed_peel_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+			   const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	struct ref_entry *r = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
+
+	if (!r || peel_entry(r, 0))
+		return -1;
+
+	hashcpy(sha1, r->u.value.peeled.hash);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static int files_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 			  const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
 {
@@ -1043,17 +1055,9 @@ static int files_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	 * be expensive and (b) loose references anyway usually do not
 	 * have REF_KNOWS_PEELED.
 	 */
-	if (flag & REF_ISPACKED) {
-		struct ref_entry *r =
-			get_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname);
-
-		if (r) {
-			if (peel_entry(r, 0))
-				return -1;
-			hashcpy(sha1, r->u.value.peeled.hash);
-			return 0;
-		}
-	}
+	if (flag & REF_ISPACKED &&
+	    !packed_peel_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname, sha1))
+		return 0;
 
 	return peel_object(base, sha1);
 }
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 17/30] packed_ref_store: support iteration
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 16/30] packed_peel_ref(): new function, extracted from `files_peel_ref()` Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 18/30] packed_read_raw_ref(): new function, replacing `resolve_packed_ref()` Michael Haggerty
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Add the infrastructure to iterate over a `packed_ref_store`. It's a
lot of boilerplate, but it's all part of a campaign to make
`packed_ref_store` implement `ref_store`. In the future, this iterator
will work much differently.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 119 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 110 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 185d05e1d6..0490cc087e 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1062,10 +1062,102 @@ static int files_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	return peel_object(base, sha1);
 }
 
+struct packed_ref_iterator {
+	struct ref_iterator base;
+
+	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
+	struct ref_iterator *iter0;
+	unsigned int flags;
+};
+
+static int packed_ref_iterator_advance(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
+		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
+	int ok;
+
+	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter->iter0)) == ITER_OK) {
+		if (iter->flags & DO_FOR_EACH_PER_WORKTREE_ONLY &&
+		    ref_type(iter->iter0->refname) != REF_TYPE_PER_WORKTREE)
+			continue;
+
+		if (!(iter->flags & DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN) &&
+		    !ref_resolves_to_object(iter->iter0->refname,
+					    iter->iter0->oid,
+					    iter->iter0->flags))
+			continue;
+
+		iter->base.refname = iter->iter0->refname;
+		iter->base.oid = iter->iter0->oid;
+		iter->base.flags = iter->iter0->flags;
+		return ITER_OK;
+	}
+
+	iter->iter0 = NULL;
+	if (ref_iterator_abort(ref_iterator) != ITER_DONE)
+		ok = ITER_ERROR;
+
+	return ok;
+}
+
+static int packed_ref_iterator_peel(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator,
+				   struct object_id *peeled)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
+		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
+
+	return ref_iterator_peel(iter->iter0, peeled);
+}
+
+static int packed_ref_iterator_abort(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
+		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
+	int ok = ITER_DONE;
+
+	if (iter->iter0)
+		ok = ref_iterator_abort(iter->iter0);
+
+	release_packed_ref_cache(iter->cache);
+	base_ref_iterator_free(ref_iterator);
+	return ok;
+}
+
+static struct ref_iterator_vtable packed_ref_iterator_vtable = {
+	packed_ref_iterator_advance,
+	packed_ref_iterator_peel,
+	packed_ref_iterator_abort
+};
+
+static struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
+		struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+		const char *prefix, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter;
+	struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator;
+
+	iter = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*iter));
+	ref_iterator = &iter->base;
+	base_ref_iterator_init(ref_iterator, &packed_ref_iterator_vtable);
+
+	/*
+	 * Note that get_packed_ref_cache() internally checks whether
+	 * the packed-ref cache is up to date with what is on disk,
+	 * and re-reads it if not.
+	 */
+
+	iter->cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	acquire_packed_ref_cache(iter->cache);
+	iter->iter0 = cache_ref_iterator_begin(iter->cache->cache, prefix, 0);
+
+	iter->flags = flags;
+
+	return ref_iterator;
+}
+
 struct files_ref_iterator {
 	struct ref_iterator base;
 
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
 	struct ref_iterator *iter0;
 	unsigned int flags;
 };
@@ -1118,7 +1210,6 @@ static int files_ref_iterator_abort(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
 	if (iter->iter0)
 		ok = ref_iterator_abort(iter->iter0);
 
-	release_packed_ref_cache(iter->packed_ref_cache);
 	base_ref_iterator_free(ref_iterator);
 	return ok;
 }
@@ -1160,18 +1251,28 @@ static struct ref_iterator *files_ref_iterator_begin(
 	 * (If they've already been read, that's OK; we only need to
 	 * guarantee that they're read before the packed refs, not
 	 * *how much* before.) After that, we call
-	 * get_packed_ref_cache(), which internally checks whether the
-	 * packed-ref cache is up to date with what is on disk, and
-	 * re-reads it if not.
+	 * packed_ref_iterator_begin(), which internally checks
+	 * whether the packed-ref cache is up to date with what is on
+	 * disk, and re-reads it if not.
 	 */
 
 	loose_iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(get_loose_ref_cache(refs),
 					      prefix, 1);
 
-	iter->packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs->packed_ref_store);
-	acquire_packed_ref_cache(iter->packed_ref_cache);
-	packed_iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(iter->packed_ref_cache->cache,
-					       prefix, 0);
+	/*
+	 * The packed-refs file might contain broken references, for
+	 * example an old version of a reference that points at an
+	 * object that has since been garbage-collected. This is OK as
+	 * long as there is a corresponding loose reference that
+	 * overrides it, and we don't want to emit an error message in
+	 * this case. So ask the packed_ref_store for all of its
+	 * references, and (if needed) do our own check for broken
+	 * ones in files_ref_iterator_advance(), after we have merged
+	 * the packed and loose references.
+	 */
+	packed_iter = packed_ref_iterator_begin(
+			refs->packed_ref_store, prefix,
+			DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN);
 
 	iter->iter0 = overlay_ref_iterator_begin(loose_iter, packed_iter);
 	iter->flags = flags;
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 18/30] packed_read_raw_ref(): new function, replacing `resolve_packed_ref()`
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 17/30] packed_ref_store: support iteration Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 19/30] packed-backend: new module for handling packed references Michael Haggerty
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Add a new function, `packed_read_raw_ref()`, which is nearly a
`read_raw_ref_fn`. Use it in place of `resolve_packed_ref()`.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 0490cc087e..346794cf7c 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -608,27 +608,23 @@ static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs), refname);
 }
 
-/*
- * A loose ref file doesn't exist; check for a packed ref.
- */
-static int resolve_packed_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
-			      const char *refname,
-			      unsigned char *sha1, unsigned int *flags)
+static int packed_read_raw_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+			       const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
+			       struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type)
 {
 	struct ref_entry *entry;
 
-	/*
-	 * The loose reference file does not exist; check for a packed
-	 * reference.
-	 */
-	entry = get_packed_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname);
-	if (entry) {
-		hashcpy(sha1, entry->u.value.oid.hash);
-		*flags |= REF_ISPACKED;
-		return 0;
+	*type = 0;
+
+	entry = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
+	if (!entry) {
+		errno = ENOENT;
+		return -1;
 	}
-	/* refname is not a packed reference. */
-	return -1;
+
+	hashcpy(sha1, entry->u.value.oid.hash);
+	*type = REF_ISPACKED;
+	return 0;
 }
 
 static int files_read_raw_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
@@ -674,7 +670,8 @@ static int files_read_raw_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	if (lstat(path, &st) < 0) {
 		if (errno != ENOENT)
 			goto out;
-		if (resolve_packed_ref(refs, refname, sha1, type)) {
+		if (packed_read_raw_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname,
+					sha1, referent, type)) {
 			errno = ENOENT;
 			goto out;
 		}
@@ -713,7 +710,8 @@ static int files_read_raw_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		 * ref is supposed to be, there could still be a
 		 * packed ref:
 		 */
-		if (resolve_packed_ref(refs, refname, sha1, type)) {
+		if (packed_read_raw_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname,
+					sha1, referent, type)) {
 			errno = EISDIR;
 			goto out;
 		}
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 19/30] packed-backend: new module for handling packed references
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 18/30] packed_read_raw_ref(): new function, replacing `resolve_packed_ref()` Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 20/30] packed_ref_store: make class into a subclass of `ref_store` Michael Haggerty
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Now that the interface between `files_ref_store` and
`packed_ref_store` is relatively narrow, move the latter into a new
module, "refs/packed-backend.h" and "refs/packed-backend.c". It still
doesn't quite implement the `ref_store` interface, but it will soon.

This commit moves code around and adjusts its visibility, but doesn't
change anything.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 Makefile              |   1 +
 refs.c                |  18 ++
 refs/files-backend.c  | 640 +-------------------------------------------------
 refs/packed-backend.c | 624 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 refs/packed-backend.h |  33 +++
 refs/refs-internal.h  |   9 +
 6 files changed, 686 insertions(+), 639 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 refs/packed-backend.c
 create mode 100644 refs/packed-backend.h

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index e35542e631..aff9c6d7e2 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -817,6 +817,7 @@ LIB_OBJS += reflog-walk.o
 LIB_OBJS += refs.o
 LIB_OBJS += refs/files-backend.o
 LIB_OBJS += refs/iterator.o
+LIB_OBJS += refs/packed-backend.o
 LIB_OBJS += refs/ref-cache.o
 LIB_OBJS += ref-filter.o
 LIB_OBJS += remote.o
diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index 32177969f0..5880c12372 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -173,6 +173,24 @@ int refname_is_safe(const char *refname)
 	return 1;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Return true if refname, which has the specified oid and flags, can
+ * be resolved to an object in the database. If the referred-to object
+ * does not exist, emit a warning and return false.
+ */
+int ref_resolves_to_object(const char *refname,
+			   const struct object_id *oid,
+			   unsigned int flags)
+{
+	if (flags & REF_ISBROKEN)
+		return 0;
+	if (!has_sha1_file(oid->hash)) {
+		error("%s does not point to a valid object!", refname);
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return 1;
+}
+
 char *refs_resolve_refdup(struct ref_store *refs,
 			  const char *refname, int resolve_flags,
 			  unsigned char *sha1, int *flags)
diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 346794cf7c..7df9747798 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
 #include "../refs.h"
 #include "refs-internal.h"
 #include "ref-cache.h"
+#include "packed-backend.h"
 #include "../iterator.h"
 #include "../dir-iterator.h"
 #include "../lockfile.h"
@@ -14,85 +15,6 @@ struct ref_lock {
 	struct object_id old_oid;
 };
 
-/*
- * Return true if refname, which has the specified oid and flags, can
- * be resolved to an object in the database. If the referred-to object
- * does not exist, emit a warning and return false.
- */
-static int ref_resolves_to_object(const char *refname,
-				  const struct object_id *oid,
-				  unsigned int flags)
-{
-	if (flags & REF_ISBROKEN)
-		return 0;
-	if (!has_sha1_file(oid->hash)) {
-		error("%s does not point to a valid object!", refname);
-		return 0;
-	}
-	return 1;
-}
-
-struct packed_ref_cache {
-	struct ref_cache *cache;
-
-	/*
-	 * Count of references to the data structure in this instance,
-	 * including the pointer from files_ref_store::packed if any.
-	 * The data will not be freed as long as the reference count
-	 * is nonzero.
-	 */
-	unsigned int referrers;
-
-	/* The metadata from when this packed-refs cache was read */
-	struct stat_validity validity;
-};
-
-/*
- * A container for `packed-refs`-related data. It is not (yet) a
- * `ref_store`.
- */
-struct packed_ref_store {
-	unsigned int store_flags;
-
-	/* The path of the "packed-refs" file: */
-	char *path;
-
-	/*
-	 * A cache of the values read from the `packed-refs` file, if
-	 * it might still be current; otherwise, NULL.
-	 */
-	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
-
-	/*
-	 * Lock used for the "packed-refs" file. Note that this (and
-	 * thus the enclosing `packed_ref_store`) must not be freed.
-	 */
-	struct lock_file lock;
-};
-
-static struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
-		const char *path, unsigned int store_flags)
-{
-	struct packed_ref_store *refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*refs));
-
-	refs->store_flags = store_flags;
-	refs->path = xstrdup(path);
-	return refs;
-}
-
-/*
- * Die if refs is not the main ref store. caller is used in any
- * necessary error messages.
- */
-static void packed_assert_main_repository(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-					  const char *caller)
-{
-	if (refs->store_flags & REF_STORE_MAIN)
-		return;
-
-	die("BUG: operation %s only allowed for main ref store", caller);
-}
-
 /*
  * Future: need to be in "struct repository"
  * when doing a full libification.
@@ -109,42 +31,6 @@ struct files_ref_store {
 	struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store;
 };
 
-/*
- * Increment the reference count of *packed_refs.
- */
-static void acquire_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
-{
-	packed_refs->referrers++;
-}
-
-/*
- * Decrease the reference count of *packed_refs.  If it goes to zero,
- * free *packed_refs and return true; otherwise return false.
- */
-static int release_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
-{
-	if (!--packed_refs->referrers) {
-		free_ref_cache(packed_refs->cache);
-		stat_validity_clear(&packed_refs->validity);
-		free(packed_refs);
-		return 1;
-	} else {
-		return 0;
-	}
-}
-
-static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	if (refs->cache) {
-		struct packed_ref_cache *cache = refs->cache;
-
-		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-			die("BUG: packed-ref cache cleared while locked");
-		refs->cache = NULL;
-		release_packed_ref_cache(cache);
-	}
-}
-
 static void clear_loose_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 {
 	if (refs->loose) {
@@ -215,151 +101,6 @@ static struct files_ref_store *files_downcast(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	return refs;
 }
 
-/* The length of a peeled reference line in packed-refs, including EOL: */
-#define PEELED_LINE_LENGTH 42
-
-/*
- * The packed-refs header line that we write out.  Perhaps other
- * traits will be added later.  The trailing space is required.
- */
-static const char PACKED_REFS_HEADER[] =
-	"# pack-refs with: peeled fully-peeled \n";
-
-/*
- * Parse one line from a packed-refs file.  Write the SHA1 to sha1.
- * Return a pointer to the refname within the line (null-terminated),
- * or NULL if there was a problem.
- */
-static const char *parse_ref_line(struct strbuf *line, struct object_id *oid)
-{
-	const char *ref;
-
-	if (parse_oid_hex(line->buf, oid, &ref) < 0)
-		return NULL;
-	if (!isspace(*ref++))
-		return NULL;
-
-	if (isspace(*ref))
-		return NULL;
-
-	if (line->buf[line->len - 1] != '\n')
-		return NULL;
-	line->buf[--line->len] = 0;
-
-	return ref;
-}
-
-/*
- * Read from `packed_refs_file` into a newly-allocated
- * `packed_ref_cache` and return it. The return value will already
- * have its reference count incremented.
- *
- * A comment line of the form "# pack-refs with: " may contain zero or
- * more traits. We interpret the traits as follows:
- *
- *   No traits:
- *
- *      Probably no references are peeled. But if the file contains a
- *      peeled value for a reference, we will use it.
- *
- *   peeled:
- *
- *      References under "refs/tags/", if they *can* be peeled, *are*
- *      peeled in this file. References outside of "refs/tags/" are
- *      probably not peeled even if they could have been, but if we find
- *      a peeled value for such a reference we will use it.
- *
- *   fully-peeled:
- *
- *      All references in the file that can be peeled are peeled.
- *      Inversely (and this is more important), any references in the
- *      file for which no peeled value is recorded is not peelable. This
- *      trait should typically be written alongside "peeled" for
- *      compatibility with older clients, but we do not require it
- *      (i.e., "peeled" is a no-op if "fully-peeled" is set).
- */
-static struct packed_ref_cache *read_packed_refs(const char *packed_refs_file)
-{
-	FILE *f;
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*packed_refs));
-	struct ref_entry *last = NULL;
-	struct strbuf line = STRBUF_INIT;
-	enum { PEELED_NONE, PEELED_TAGS, PEELED_FULLY } peeled = PEELED_NONE;
-	struct ref_dir *dir;
-
-	acquire_packed_ref_cache(packed_refs);
-	packed_refs->cache = create_ref_cache(NULL, NULL);
-	packed_refs->cache->root->flag &= ~REF_INCOMPLETE;
-
-	f = fopen(packed_refs_file, "r");
-	if (!f) {
-		if (errno == ENOENT) {
-			/*
-			 * This is OK; it just means that no
-			 * "packed-refs" file has been written yet,
-			 * which is equivalent to it being empty.
-			 */
-			return packed_refs;
-		} else {
-			die_errno("couldn't read %s", packed_refs_file);
-		}
-	}
-
-	stat_validity_update(&packed_refs->validity, fileno(f));
-
-	dir = get_ref_dir(packed_refs->cache->root);
-	while (strbuf_getwholeline(&line, f, '\n') != EOF) {
-		struct object_id oid;
-		const char *refname;
-		const char *traits;
-
-		if (skip_prefix(line.buf, "# pack-refs with:", &traits)) {
-			if (strstr(traits, " fully-peeled "))
-				peeled = PEELED_FULLY;
-			else if (strstr(traits, " peeled "))
-				peeled = PEELED_TAGS;
-			/* perhaps other traits later as well */
-			continue;
-		}
-
-		refname = parse_ref_line(&line, &oid);
-		if (refname) {
-			int flag = REF_ISPACKED;
-
-			if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL)) {
-				if (!refname_is_safe(refname))
-					die("packed refname is dangerous: %s", refname);
-				oidclr(&oid);
-				flag |= REF_BAD_NAME | REF_ISBROKEN;
-			}
-			last = create_ref_entry(refname, &oid, flag);
-			if (peeled == PEELED_FULLY ||
-			    (peeled == PEELED_TAGS && starts_with(refname, "refs/tags/")))
-				last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
-			add_ref_entry(dir, last);
-			continue;
-		}
-		if (last &&
-		    line.buf[0] == '^' &&
-		    line.len == PEELED_LINE_LENGTH &&
-		    line.buf[PEELED_LINE_LENGTH - 1] == '\n' &&
-		    !get_oid_hex(line.buf + 1, &oid)) {
-			oidcpy(&last->u.value.peeled, &oid);
-			/*
-			 * Regardless of what the file header said,
-			 * we definitely know the value of *this*
-			 * reference:
-			 */
-			last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
-		}
-	}
-
-	fclose(f);
-	strbuf_release(&line);
-
-	return packed_refs;
-}
-
 static void files_reflog_path(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 			      struct strbuf *sb,
 			      const char *refname)
@@ -405,77 +146,6 @@ static void files_ref_path(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	}
 }
 
-/*
- * Check that the packed refs cache (if any) still reflects the
- * contents of the file. If not, clear the cache.
- */
-static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	if (refs->cache &&
-	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->cache->validity, refs->path))
-		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-}
-
-/*
- * Get the packed_ref_cache for the specified packed_ref_store,
- * creating and populating it if it hasn't been read before or if the
- * file has been changed (according to its `validity` field) since it
- * was last read. On the other hand, if we hold the lock, then assume
- * that the file hasn't been changed out from under us, so skip the
- * extra `stat()` call in `stat_validity_check()`.
- */
-static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-
-	if (!refs->cache)
-		refs->cache = read_packed_refs(refs->path);
-
-	return refs->cache;
-}
-
-static struct ref_dir *get_packed_ref_dir(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache)
-{
-	return get_ref_dir(packed_ref_cache->cache->root);
-}
-
-static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	return get_packed_ref_dir(get_packed_ref_cache(refs));
-}
-
-/*
- * Add or overwrite a reference in the in-memory packed reference
- * cache. This may only be called while the packed-refs file is locked
- * (see lock_packed_refs()). To actually write the packed-refs file,
- * call commit_packed_refs().
- */
-static void add_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-			   const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid)
-{
-	struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
-	struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
-
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-		die("BUG: packed refs not locked");
-
-	if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
-		die("Reference has invalid format: '%s'", refname);
-
-	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs);
-	packed_entry = find_ref_entry(packed_refs, refname);
-	if (packed_entry) {
-		/* Overwrite the existing entry: */
-		oidcpy(&packed_entry->u.value.oid, oid);
-		packed_entry->flag = REF_ISPACKED;
-		oidclr(&packed_entry->u.value.peeled);
-	} else {
-		packed_entry = create_ref_entry(refname, oid, REF_ISPACKED);
-		add_ref_entry(packed_refs, packed_entry);
-	}
-}
-
 /*
  * Read the loose references from the namespace dirname into dir
  * (without recursing).  dirname must end with '/'.  dir must be the
@@ -598,35 +268,6 @@ static struct ref_cache *get_loose_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
 	return refs->loose;
 }
 
-/*
- * Return the ref_entry for the given refname from the packed
- * references.  If it does not exist, return NULL.
- */
-static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-					const char *refname)
-{
-	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs), refname);
-}
-
-static int packed_read_raw_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-			       const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
-			       struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type)
-{
-	struct ref_entry *entry;
-
-	*type = 0;
-
-	entry = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
-	if (!entry) {
-		errno = ENOENT;
-		return -1;
-	}
-
-	hashcpy(sha1, entry->u.value.oid.hash);
-	*type = REF_ISPACKED;
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static int files_read_raw_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 			      const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
 			      struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type)
@@ -1011,18 +652,6 @@ static int lock_raw_ref(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static int packed_peel_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-			   const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
-{
-	struct ref_entry *r = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
-
-	if (!r || peel_entry(r, 0))
-		return -1;
-
-	hashcpy(sha1, r->u.value.peeled.hash);
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static int files_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 			  const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
 {
@@ -1060,99 +689,6 @@ static int files_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	return peel_object(base, sha1);
 }
 
-struct packed_ref_iterator {
-	struct ref_iterator base;
-
-	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
-	struct ref_iterator *iter0;
-	unsigned int flags;
-};
-
-static int packed_ref_iterator_advance(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
-{
-	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
-		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
-	int ok;
-
-	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter->iter0)) == ITER_OK) {
-		if (iter->flags & DO_FOR_EACH_PER_WORKTREE_ONLY &&
-		    ref_type(iter->iter0->refname) != REF_TYPE_PER_WORKTREE)
-			continue;
-
-		if (!(iter->flags & DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN) &&
-		    !ref_resolves_to_object(iter->iter0->refname,
-					    iter->iter0->oid,
-					    iter->iter0->flags))
-			continue;
-
-		iter->base.refname = iter->iter0->refname;
-		iter->base.oid = iter->iter0->oid;
-		iter->base.flags = iter->iter0->flags;
-		return ITER_OK;
-	}
-
-	iter->iter0 = NULL;
-	if (ref_iterator_abort(ref_iterator) != ITER_DONE)
-		ok = ITER_ERROR;
-
-	return ok;
-}
-
-static int packed_ref_iterator_peel(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator,
-				   struct object_id *peeled)
-{
-	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
-		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
-
-	return ref_iterator_peel(iter->iter0, peeled);
-}
-
-static int packed_ref_iterator_abort(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
-{
-	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
-		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
-	int ok = ITER_DONE;
-
-	if (iter->iter0)
-		ok = ref_iterator_abort(iter->iter0);
-
-	release_packed_ref_cache(iter->cache);
-	base_ref_iterator_free(ref_iterator);
-	return ok;
-}
-
-static struct ref_iterator_vtable packed_ref_iterator_vtable = {
-	packed_ref_iterator_advance,
-	packed_ref_iterator_peel,
-	packed_ref_iterator_abort
-};
-
-static struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
-		struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-		const char *prefix, unsigned int flags)
-{
-	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter;
-	struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator;
-
-	iter = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*iter));
-	ref_iterator = &iter->base;
-	base_ref_iterator_init(ref_iterator, &packed_ref_iterator_vtable);
-
-	/*
-	 * Note that get_packed_ref_cache() internally checks whether
-	 * the packed-ref cache is up to date with what is on disk,
-	 * and re-reads it if not.
-	 */
-
-	iter->cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-	acquire_packed_ref_cache(iter->cache);
-	iter->iter0 = cache_ref_iterator_begin(iter->cache->cache, prefix, 0);
-
-	iter->flags = flags;
-
-	return ref_iterator;
-}
-
 struct files_ref_iterator {
 	struct ref_iterator base;
 
@@ -1434,124 +970,6 @@ static struct ref_lock *lock_ref_sha1_basic(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	return lock;
 }
 
-/*
- * Write an entry to the packed-refs file for the specified refname.
- * If peeled is non-NULL, write it as the entry's peeled value.
- */
-static void write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
-			       const unsigned char *sha1,
-			       const unsigned char *peeled)
-{
-	fprintf_or_die(fh, "%s %s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1), refname);
-	if (peeled)
-		fprintf_or_die(fh, "^%s\n", sha1_to_hex(peeled));
-}
-
-/*
- * Lock the packed-refs file for writing. Flags is passed to
- * hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, set
- * errno appropriately and return a nonzero value.
- */
-static int lock_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs, int flags)
-{
-	static int timeout_configured = 0;
-	static int timeout_value = 1000;
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
-
-	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "lock_packed_refs");
-
-	if (!timeout_configured) {
-		git_config_get_int("core.packedrefstimeout", &timeout_value);
-		timeout_configured = 1;
-	}
-
-	if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-			    &refs->lock,
-			    refs->path,
-			    flags, timeout_value) < 0)
-		return -1;
-
-	/*
-	 * Now that we hold the `packed-refs` lock, make sure that our
-	 * cache matches the current version of the file. Normally
-	 * `get_packed_ref_cache()` does that for us, but that
-	 * function assumes that when the file is locked, any existing
-	 * cache is still valid. We've just locked the file, but it
-	 * might have changed the moment *before* we locked it.
-	 */
-	validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-
-	packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-	/* Increment the reference count to prevent it from being freed: */
-	acquire_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
-	return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Write the current version of the packed refs cache from memory to
- * disk. The packed-refs file must already be locked for writing (see
- * lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, set errno
- * and return a nonzero value
- */
-static int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
-		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-	int ok, error = 0;
-	int save_errno = 0;
-	FILE *out;
-	struct ref_iterator *iter;
-
-	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "commit_packed_refs");
-
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
-
-	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->lock, "w");
-	if (!out)
-		die_errno("unable to fdopen packed-refs descriptor");
-
-	fprintf_or_die(out, "%s", PACKED_REFS_HEADER);
-
-	iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(packed_ref_cache->cache, NULL, 0);
-	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
-		struct object_id peeled;
-		int peel_error = ref_iterator_peel(iter, &peeled);
-
-		write_packed_entry(out, iter->refname, iter->oid->hash,
-				   peel_error ? NULL : peeled.hash);
-	}
-
-	if (ok != ITER_DONE)
-		die("error while iterating over references");
-
-	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->lock)) {
-		save_errno = errno;
-		error = -1;
-	}
-	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
-	errno = save_errno;
-	return error;
-}
-
-/*
- * Rollback the lockfile for the packed-refs file, and discard the
- * in-memory packed reference cache.  (The packed-refs file will be
- * read anew if it is needed again after this function is called.)
- */
-static void rollback_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-
-	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
-
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
-	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
-	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
-	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-}
-
 struct ref_to_prune {
 	struct ref_to_prune *next;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
@@ -1717,62 +1135,6 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-/*
- * Rewrite the packed-refs file, omitting any refs listed in
- * 'refnames'. On error, leave packed-refs unchanged, write an error
- * message to 'err', and return a nonzero value.
- *
- * The refs in 'refnames' needn't be sorted. `err` must not be NULL.
- */
-static int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-			       struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err)
-{
-	struct ref_dir *packed;
-	struct string_list_item *refname;
-	int ret, needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
-
-	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "repack_without_refs");
-	assert(err);
-
-	/* Look for a packed ref */
-	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames) {
-		if (get_packed_ref(refs, refname->string)) {
-			needs_repacking = 1;
-			break;
-		}
-	}
-
-	/* Avoid locking if we have nothing to do */
-	if (!needs_repacking)
-		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
-
-	if (lock_packed_refs(refs, 0)) {
-		unable_to_lock_message(refs->path, errno, err);
-		return -1;
-	}
-	packed = get_packed_refs(refs);
-
-	/* Remove refnames from the cache */
-	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames)
-		if (remove_entry_from_dir(packed, refname->string) != -1)
-			removed = 1;
-	if (!removed) {
-		/*
-		 * All packed entries disappeared while we were
-		 * acquiring the lock.
-		 */
-		rollback_packed_refs(refs);
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	/* Write what remains */
-	ret = commit_packed_refs(refs);
-	if (ret)
-		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s",
-			    strerror(errno));
-	return ret;
-}
-
 static int files_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
 			     struct string_list *refnames, unsigned int flags)
 {
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..6fa988c953
--- /dev/null
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -0,0 +1,624 @@
+#include "../cache.h"
+#include "../refs.h"
+#include "refs-internal.h"
+#include "ref-cache.h"
+#include "packed-backend.h"
+#include "../iterator.h"
+#include "../lockfile.h"
+
+struct packed_ref_cache {
+	struct ref_cache *cache;
+
+	/*
+	 * Count of references to the data structure in this instance,
+	 * including the pointer from files_ref_store::packed if any.
+	 * The data will not be freed as long as the reference count
+	 * is nonzero.
+	 */
+	unsigned int referrers;
+
+	/* The metadata from when this packed-refs cache was read */
+	struct stat_validity validity;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Increment the reference count of *packed_refs.
+ */
+static void acquire_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
+{
+	packed_refs->referrers++;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Decrease the reference count of *packed_refs.  If it goes to zero,
+ * free *packed_refs and return true; otherwise return false.
+ */
+static int release_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
+{
+	if (!--packed_refs->referrers) {
+		free_ref_cache(packed_refs->cache);
+		stat_validity_clear(&packed_refs->validity);
+		free(packed_refs);
+		return 1;
+	} else {
+		return 0;
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * A container for `packed-refs`-related data. It is not (yet) a
+ * `ref_store`.
+ */
+struct packed_ref_store {
+	unsigned int store_flags;
+
+	/* The path of the "packed-refs" file: */
+	char *path;
+
+	/*
+	 * A cache of the values read from the `packed-refs` file, if
+	 * it might still be current; otherwise, NULL.
+	 */
+	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
+
+	/*
+	 * Lock used for the "packed-refs" file. Note that this (and
+	 * thus the enclosing `packed_ref_store`) must not be freed.
+	 */
+	struct lock_file lock;
+};
+
+struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
+		const char *path, unsigned int store_flags)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*refs));
+
+	refs->store_flags = store_flags;
+	refs->path = xstrdup(path);
+	return refs;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Die if refs is not the main ref store. caller is used in any
+ * necessary error messages.
+ */
+static void packed_assert_main_repository(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+					  const char *caller)
+{
+	if (refs->store_flags & REF_STORE_MAIN)
+		return;
+
+	die("BUG: operation %s only allowed for main ref store", caller);
+}
+
+static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
+{
+	if (refs->cache) {
+		struct packed_ref_cache *cache = refs->cache;
+
+		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+			die("BUG: packed-ref cache cleared while locked");
+		refs->cache = NULL;
+		release_packed_ref_cache(cache);
+	}
+}
+
+/* The length of a peeled reference line in packed-refs, including EOL: */
+#define PEELED_LINE_LENGTH 42
+
+/*
+ * Parse one line from a packed-refs file.  Write the SHA1 to sha1.
+ * Return a pointer to the refname within the line (null-terminated),
+ * or NULL if there was a problem.
+ */
+static const char *parse_ref_line(struct strbuf *line, struct object_id *oid)
+{
+	const char *ref;
+
+	if (parse_oid_hex(line->buf, oid, &ref) < 0)
+		return NULL;
+	if (!isspace(*ref++))
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (isspace(*ref))
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (line->buf[line->len - 1] != '\n')
+		return NULL;
+	line->buf[--line->len] = 0;
+
+	return ref;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Read from `packed_refs_file` into a newly-allocated
+ * `packed_ref_cache` and return it. The return value will already
+ * have its reference count incremented.
+ *
+ * A comment line of the form "# pack-refs with: " may contain zero or
+ * more traits. We interpret the traits as follows:
+ *
+ *   No traits:
+ *
+ *      Probably no references are peeled. But if the file contains a
+ *      peeled value for a reference, we will use it.
+ *
+ *   peeled:
+ *
+ *      References under "refs/tags/", if they *can* be peeled, *are*
+ *      peeled in this file. References outside of "refs/tags/" are
+ *      probably not peeled even if they could have been, but if we find
+ *      a peeled value for such a reference we will use it.
+ *
+ *   fully-peeled:
+ *
+ *      All references in the file that can be peeled are peeled.
+ *      Inversely (and this is more important), any references in the
+ *      file for which no peeled value is recorded is not peelable. This
+ *      trait should typically be written alongside "peeled" for
+ *      compatibility with older clients, but we do not require it
+ *      (i.e., "peeled" is a no-op if "fully-peeled" is set).
+ */
+static struct packed_ref_cache *read_packed_refs(const char *packed_refs_file)
+{
+	FILE *f;
+	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*packed_refs));
+	struct ref_entry *last = NULL;
+	struct strbuf line = STRBUF_INIT;
+	enum { PEELED_NONE, PEELED_TAGS, PEELED_FULLY } peeled = PEELED_NONE;
+	struct ref_dir *dir;
+
+	acquire_packed_ref_cache(packed_refs);
+	packed_refs->cache = create_ref_cache(NULL, NULL);
+	packed_refs->cache->root->flag &= ~REF_INCOMPLETE;
+
+	f = fopen(packed_refs_file, "r");
+	if (!f) {
+		if (errno == ENOENT) {
+			/*
+			 * This is OK; it just means that no
+			 * "packed-refs" file has been written yet,
+			 * which is equivalent to it being empty.
+			 */
+			return packed_refs;
+		} else {
+			die_errno("couldn't read %s", packed_refs_file);
+		}
+	}
+
+	stat_validity_update(&packed_refs->validity, fileno(f));
+
+	dir = get_ref_dir(packed_refs->cache->root);
+	while (strbuf_getwholeline(&line, f, '\n') != EOF) {
+		struct object_id oid;
+		const char *refname;
+		const char *traits;
+
+		if (skip_prefix(line.buf, "# pack-refs with:", &traits)) {
+			if (strstr(traits, " fully-peeled "))
+				peeled = PEELED_FULLY;
+			else if (strstr(traits, " peeled "))
+				peeled = PEELED_TAGS;
+			/* perhaps other traits later as well */
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		refname = parse_ref_line(&line, &oid);
+		if (refname) {
+			int flag = REF_ISPACKED;
+
+			if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL)) {
+				if (!refname_is_safe(refname))
+					die("packed refname is dangerous: %s", refname);
+				oidclr(&oid);
+				flag |= REF_BAD_NAME | REF_ISBROKEN;
+			}
+			last = create_ref_entry(refname, &oid, flag);
+			if (peeled == PEELED_FULLY ||
+			    (peeled == PEELED_TAGS && starts_with(refname, "refs/tags/")))
+				last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
+			add_ref_entry(dir, last);
+			continue;
+		}
+		if (last &&
+		    line.buf[0] == '^' &&
+		    line.len == PEELED_LINE_LENGTH &&
+		    line.buf[PEELED_LINE_LENGTH - 1] == '\n' &&
+		    !get_oid_hex(line.buf + 1, &oid)) {
+			oidcpy(&last->u.value.peeled, &oid);
+			/*
+			 * Regardless of what the file header said,
+			 * we definitely know the value of *this*
+			 * reference:
+			 */
+			last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
+		}
+	}
+
+	fclose(f);
+	strbuf_release(&line);
+
+	return packed_refs;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check that the packed refs cache (if any) still reflects the
+ * contents of the file. If not, clear the cache.
+ */
+static void validate_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
+{
+	if (refs->cache &&
+	    !stat_validity_check(&refs->cache->validity, refs->path))
+		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get the packed_ref_cache for the specified packed_ref_store,
+ * creating and populating it if it hasn't been read before or if the
+ * file has been changed (according to its `validity` field) since it
+ * was last read. On the other hand, if we hold the lock, then assume
+ * that the file hasn't been changed out from under us, so skip the
+ * extra `stat()` call in `stat_validity_check()`.
+ */
+static struct packed_ref_cache *get_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
+{
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+		validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+
+	if (!refs->cache)
+		refs->cache = read_packed_refs(refs->path);
+
+	return refs->cache;
+}
+
+static struct ref_dir *get_packed_ref_dir(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache)
+{
+	return get_ref_dir(packed_ref_cache->cache->root);
+}
+
+static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
+{
+	return get_packed_ref_dir(get_packed_ref_cache(refs));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add or overwrite a reference in the in-memory packed reference
+ * cache. This may only be called while the packed-refs file is locked
+ * (see lock_packed_refs()). To actually write the packed-refs file,
+ * call commit_packed_refs().
+ */
+void add_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid)
+{
+	struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
+	struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
+
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+		die("BUG: packed refs not locked");
+
+	if (check_refname_format(refname, REFNAME_ALLOW_ONELEVEL))
+		die("Reference has invalid format: '%s'", refname);
+
+	packed_refs = get_packed_refs(refs);
+	packed_entry = find_ref_entry(packed_refs, refname);
+	if (packed_entry) {
+		/* Overwrite the existing entry: */
+		oidcpy(&packed_entry->u.value.oid, oid);
+		packed_entry->flag = REF_ISPACKED;
+		oidclr(&packed_entry->u.value.peeled);
+	} else {
+		packed_entry = create_ref_entry(refname, oid, REF_ISPACKED);
+		add_ref_entry(packed_refs, packed_entry);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return the ref_entry for the given refname from the packed
+ * references.  If it does not exist, return NULL.
+ */
+static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+					const char *refname)
+{
+	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs), refname);
+}
+
+int packed_read_raw_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+			const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
+			struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type)
+{
+	struct ref_entry *entry;
+
+	*type = 0;
+
+	entry = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
+	if (!entry) {
+		errno = ENOENT;
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	hashcpy(sha1, entry->u.value.oid.hash);
+	*type = REF_ISPACKED;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int packed_peel_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+		    const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
+{
+	struct ref_entry *r = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
+
+	if (!r || peel_entry(r, 0))
+		return -1;
+
+	hashcpy(sha1, r->u.value.peeled.hash);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+struct packed_ref_iterator {
+	struct ref_iterator base;
+
+	struct packed_ref_cache *cache;
+	struct ref_iterator *iter0;
+	unsigned int flags;
+};
+
+static int packed_ref_iterator_advance(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
+		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
+	int ok;
+
+	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter->iter0)) == ITER_OK) {
+		if (iter->flags & DO_FOR_EACH_PER_WORKTREE_ONLY &&
+		    ref_type(iter->iter0->refname) != REF_TYPE_PER_WORKTREE)
+			continue;
+
+		if (!(iter->flags & DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN) &&
+		    !ref_resolves_to_object(iter->iter0->refname,
+					    iter->iter0->oid,
+					    iter->iter0->flags))
+			continue;
+
+		iter->base.refname = iter->iter0->refname;
+		iter->base.oid = iter->iter0->oid;
+		iter->base.flags = iter->iter0->flags;
+		return ITER_OK;
+	}
+
+	iter->iter0 = NULL;
+	if (ref_iterator_abort(ref_iterator) != ITER_DONE)
+		ok = ITER_ERROR;
+
+	return ok;
+}
+
+static int packed_ref_iterator_peel(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator,
+				   struct object_id *peeled)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
+		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
+
+	return ref_iterator_peel(iter->iter0, peeled);
+}
+
+static int packed_ref_iterator_abort(struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter =
+		(struct packed_ref_iterator *)ref_iterator;
+	int ok = ITER_DONE;
+
+	if (iter->iter0)
+		ok = ref_iterator_abort(iter->iter0);
+
+	release_packed_ref_cache(iter->cache);
+	base_ref_iterator_free(ref_iterator);
+	return ok;
+}
+
+static struct ref_iterator_vtable packed_ref_iterator_vtable = {
+	packed_ref_iterator_advance,
+	packed_ref_iterator_peel,
+	packed_ref_iterator_abort
+};
+
+struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
+		struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+		const char *prefix, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter;
+	struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator;
+
+	iter = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*iter));
+	ref_iterator = &iter->base;
+	base_ref_iterator_init(ref_iterator, &packed_ref_iterator_vtable);
+
+	/*
+	 * Note that get_packed_ref_cache() internally checks whether
+	 * the packed-ref cache is up to date with what is on disk,
+	 * and re-reads it if not.
+	 */
+
+	iter->cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	acquire_packed_ref_cache(iter->cache);
+	iter->iter0 = cache_ref_iterator_begin(iter->cache->cache, prefix, 0);
+
+	iter->flags = flags;
+
+	return ref_iterator;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Write an entry to the packed-refs file for the specified refname.
+ * If peeled is non-NULL, write it as the entry's peeled value.
+ */
+static void write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
+			       const unsigned char *sha1,
+			       const unsigned char *peeled)
+{
+	fprintf_or_die(fh, "%s %s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1), refname);
+	if (peeled)
+		fprintf_or_die(fh, "^%s\n", sha1_to_hex(peeled));
+}
+
+int lock_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs, int flags)
+{
+	static int timeout_configured = 0;
+	static int timeout_value = 1000;
+	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
+
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "lock_packed_refs");
+
+	if (!timeout_configured) {
+		git_config_get_int("core.packedrefstimeout", &timeout_value);
+		timeout_configured = 1;
+	}
+
+	if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
+			    &refs->lock,
+			    refs->path,
+			    flags, timeout_value) < 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	/*
+	 * Now that we hold the `packed-refs` lock, make sure that our
+	 * cache matches the current version of the file. Normally
+	 * `get_packed_ref_cache()` does that for us, but that
+	 * function assumes that when the file is locked, any existing
+	 * cache is still valid. We've just locked the file, but it
+	 * might have changed the moment *before* we locked it.
+	 */
+	validate_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+
+	packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	/* Increment the reference count to prevent it from being freed: */
+	acquire_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The packed-refs header line that we write out.  Perhaps other
+ * traits will be added later.  The trailing space is required.
+ */
+static const char PACKED_REFS_HEADER[] =
+	"# pack-refs with: peeled fully-peeled \n";
+
+/*
+ * Write the current version of the packed refs cache from memory to
+ * disk. The packed-refs file must already be locked for writing (see
+ * lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, set errno
+ * and return a nonzero value.
+ */
+int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
+		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+	int ok, error = 0;
+	int save_errno = 0;
+	FILE *out;
+	struct ref_iterator *iter;
+
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "commit_packed_refs");
+
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
+
+	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->lock, "w");
+	if (!out)
+		die_errno("unable to fdopen packed-refs descriptor");
+
+	fprintf_or_die(out, "%s", PACKED_REFS_HEADER);
+
+	iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(packed_ref_cache->cache, NULL, 0);
+	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
+		struct object_id peeled;
+		int peel_error = ref_iterator_peel(iter, &peeled);
+
+		write_packed_entry(out, iter->refname, iter->oid->hash,
+				   peel_error ? NULL : peeled.hash);
+	}
+
+	if (ok != ITER_DONE)
+		die("error while iterating over references");
+
+	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->lock)) {
+		save_errno = errno;
+		error = -1;
+	}
+	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
+	errno = save_errno;
+	return error;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Rollback the lockfile for the packed-refs file, and discard the
+ * in-memory packed reference cache.  (The packed-refs file will be
+ * read anew if it is needed again after this function is called.)
+ */
+static void rollback_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
+
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
+	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
+	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
+	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Rewrite the packed-refs file, omitting any refs listed in
+ * 'refnames'. On error, leave packed-refs unchanged, write an error
+ * message to 'err', and return a nonzero value.
+ *
+ * The refs in 'refnames' needn't be sorted. `err` must not be NULL.
+ */
+int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+			struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err)
+{
+	struct ref_dir *packed;
+	struct string_list_item *refname;
+	int ret, needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
+
+	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "repack_without_refs");
+	assert(err);
+
+	/* Look for a packed ref */
+	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames) {
+		if (get_packed_ref(refs, refname->string)) {
+			needs_repacking = 1;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Avoid locking if we have nothing to do */
+	if (!needs_repacking)
+		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
+
+	if (lock_packed_refs(refs, 0)) {
+		unable_to_lock_message(refs->path, errno, err);
+		return -1;
+	}
+	packed = get_packed_refs(refs);
+
+	/* Remove refnames from the cache */
+	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames)
+		if (remove_entry_from_dir(packed, refname->string) != -1)
+			removed = 1;
+	if (!removed) {
+		/*
+		 * All packed entries disappeared while we were
+		 * acquiring the lock.
+		 */
+		rollback_packed_refs(refs);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	/* Write what remains */
+	ret = commit_packed_refs(refs);
+	if (ret)
+		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s",
+			    strerror(errno));
+	return ret;
+}
+
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.h b/refs/packed-backend.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..22e8817ac4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.h
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
+#ifndef REFS_PACKED_BACKEND_H
+#define REFS_PACKED_BACKEND_H
+
+struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
+		const char *path, unsigned int store_flags);
+
+int packed_read_raw_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+			const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
+			struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type);
+
+int packed_peel_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+		    const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1);
+
+struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
+		struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+		const char *prefix, unsigned int flags);
+
+/*
+ * Lock the packed-refs file for writing. Flags is passed to
+ * hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, set
+ * errno appropriately and return a nonzero value.
+ */
+int lock_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs, int flags);
+
+void add_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid);
+
+int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs);
+
+int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+			struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err);
+
+#endif /* REFS_PACKED_BACKEND_H */
diff --git a/refs/refs-internal.h b/refs/refs-internal.h
index 192f9f85c9..6f8f9f5619 100644
--- a/refs/refs-internal.h
+++ b/refs/refs-internal.h
@@ -77,6 +77,15 @@
  */
 int refname_is_safe(const char *refname);
 
+/*
+ * Helper function: return true if refname, which has the specified
+ * oid and flags, can be resolved to an object in the database. If the
+ * referred-to object does not exist, emit a warning and return false.
+ */
+int ref_resolves_to_object(const char *refname,
+			   const struct object_id *oid,
+			   unsigned int flags);
+
 enum peel_status {
 	/* object was peeled successfully: */
 	PEEL_PEELED = 0,
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 20/30] packed_ref_store: make class into a subclass of `ref_store`
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (18 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 19/30] packed-backend: new module for handling packed references Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 21/30] commit_packed_refs(): report errors rather than dying Michael Haggerty
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Add the infrastructure to make `packed_ref_store` implement
`ref_store`, at least formally (few of the methods are actually
implemented yet). Change the functions in its interface to take
`ref_store *` arguments. Change `files_ref_store` to store a pointer
to `ref_store *` and to call functions via the virtual `ref_store`
interface where possible. This also means that a few
`packed_ref_store` functions can become static.

This is a work in progress. Some more `ref_store` methods will soon be
implemented (e.g., those having to do with reference transactions).
But some of them will never be implemented (e.g., those having to do
with symrefs or reflogs).

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c  |  16 ++--
 refs/packed-backend.c | 231 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 refs/packed-backend.h |  23 ++---
 refs/refs-internal.h  |   1 +
 4 files changed, 226 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 7df9747798..60f4fa5e7a 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ struct files_ref_store {
 
 	struct ref_cache *loose;
 
-	struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store;
+	struct ref_store *packed_ref_store;
 };
 
 static void clear_loose_ref_cache(struct files_ref_store *refs)
@@ -311,8 +311,8 @@ static int files_read_raw_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	if (lstat(path, &st) < 0) {
 		if (errno != ENOENT)
 			goto out;
-		if (packed_read_raw_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname,
-					sha1, referent, type)) {
+		if (refs_read_raw_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname,
+				      sha1, referent, type)) {
 			errno = ENOENT;
 			goto out;
 		}
@@ -351,8 +351,8 @@ static int files_read_raw_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		 * ref is supposed to be, there could still be a
 		 * packed ref:
 		 */
-		if (packed_read_raw_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname,
-					sha1, referent, type)) {
+		if (refs_read_raw_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname,
+				      sha1, referent, type)) {
 			errno = EISDIR;
 			goto out;
 		}
@@ -683,7 +683,7 @@ static int files_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	 * have REF_KNOWS_PEELED.
 	 */
 	if (flag & REF_ISPACKED &&
-	    !packed_peel_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname, sha1))
+	    !refs_peel_ref(refs->packed_ref_store, refname, sha1))
 		return 0;
 
 	return peel_object(base, sha1);
@@ -804,8 +804,8 @@ static struct ref_iterator *files_ref_iterator_begin(
 	 * ones in files_ref_iterator_advance(), after we have merged
 	 * the packed and loose references.
 	 */
-	packed_iter = packed_ref_iterator_begin(
-			refs->packed_ref_store, prefix,
+	packed_iter = refs_ref_iterator_begin(
+			refs->packed_ref_store, prefix, 0,
 			DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN);
 
 	iter->iter0 = overlay_ref_iterator_begin(loose_iter, packed_iter);
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 6fa988c953..4676dc3959 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -50,6 +50,8 @@ static int release_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_cache *packed_refs)
  * `ref_store`.
  */
 struct packed_ref_store {
+	struct ref_store base;
+
 	unsigned int store_flags;
 
 	/* The path of the "packed-refs" file: */
@@ -68,14 +70,17 @@ struct packed_ref_store {
 	struct lock_file lock;
 };
 
-struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
-		const char *path, unsigned int store_flags)
+struct ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(const char *path,
+					  unsigned int store_flags)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_store *refs = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*refs));
+	struct ref_store *ref_store = (struct ref_store *)refs;
 
+	base_ref_store_init(ref_store, &refs_be_packed);
 	refs->store_flags = store_flags;
+
 	refs->path = xstrdup(path);
-	return refs;
+	return ref_store;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -91,6 +96,31 @@ static void packed_assert_main_repository(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 	die("BUG: operation %s only allowed for main ref store", caller);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Downcast `ref_store` to `packed_ref_store`. Die if `ref_store` is
+ * not a `packed_ref_store`. Also die if `packed_ref_store` doesn't
+ * support at least the flags specified in `required_flags`. `caller`
+ * is used in any necessary error messages.
+ */
+static struct packed_ref_store *packed_downcast(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+						unsigned int required_flags,
+						const char *caller)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs;
+
+	if (ref_store->be != &refs_be_packed)
+		die("BUG: ref_store is type \"%s\" not \"packed\" in %s",
+		    ref_store->be->name, caller);
+
+	refs = (struct packed_ref_store *)ref_store;
+
+	if ((refs->store_flags & required_flags) != required_flags)
+		die("BUG: unallowed operation (%s), requires %x, has %x\n",
+		    caller, required_flags, refs->store_flags);
+
+	return refs;
+}
+
 static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
 	if (refs->cache) {
@@ -287,9 +317,12 @@ static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
  * (see lock_packed_refs()). To actually write the packed-refs file,
  * call commit_packed_refs().
  */
-void add_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+void add_packed_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid)
 {
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
+		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE,
+				"add_packed_ref");
 	struct ref_dir *packed_refs;
 	struct ref_entry *packed_entry;
 
@@ -322,10 +355,13 @@ static struct ref_entry *get_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 	return find_ref_entry(get_packed_refs(refs), refname);
 }
 
-int packed_read_raw_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-			const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
-			struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type)
+static int packed_read_raw_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+			       const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
+			       struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type)
 {
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
+		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_READ, "read_raw_ref");
+
 	struct ref_entry *entry;
 
 	*type = 0;
@@ -341,9 +377,12 @@ int packed_read_raw_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-int packed_peel_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-		    const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
+static int packed_peel_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+			   const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1)
 {
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
+		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_READ | REF_STORE_ODB,
+				"peel_ref");
 	struct ref_entry *r = get_packed_ref(refs, refname);
 
 	if (!r || peel_entry(r, 0))
@@ -420,12 +459,18 @@ static struct ref_iterator_vtable packed_ref_iterator_vtable = {
 	packed_ref_iterator_abort
 };
 
-struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
-		struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+static struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
+		struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		const char *prefix, unsigned int flags)
 {
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs;
 	struct packed_ref_iterator *iter;
 	struct ref_iterator *ref_iterator;
+	unsigned int required_flags = REF_STORE_READ;
+
+	if (!(flags & DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN))
+		required_flags |= REF_STORE_ODB;
+	refs = packed_downcast(ref_store, required_flags, "ref_iterator_begin");
 
 	iter = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*iter));
 	ref_iterator = &iter->base;
@@ -459,14 +504,15 @@ static void write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
 		fprintf_or_die(fh, "^%s\n", sha1_to_hex(peeled));
 }
 
-int lock_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs, int flags)
+int lock_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags)
 {
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
+		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE | REF_STORE_MAIN,
+				"lock_packed_refs");
 	static int timeout_configured = 0;
 	static int timeout_value = 1000;
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
 
-	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "lock_packed_refs");
-
 	if (!timeout_configured) {
 		git_config_get_int("core.packedrefstimeout", &timeout_value);
 		timeout_configured = 1;
@@ -507,8 +553,11 @@ static const char PACKED_REFS_HEADER[] =
  * lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, set errno
  * and return a nonzero value.
  */
-int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
+int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store)
 {
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
+		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE | REF_STORE_MAIN,
+				"commit_packed_refs");
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
 		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 	int ok, error = 0;
@@ -516,8 +565,6 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 	FILE *out;
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
 
-	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "commit_packed_refs");
-
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
 
@@ -573,9 +620,12 @@ static void rollback_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
  *
  * The refs in 'refnames' needn't be sorted. `err` must not be NULL.
  */
-int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 			struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err)
 {
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
+		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE | REF_STORE_MAIN,
+				"repack_without_refs");
 	struct ref_dir *packed;
 	struct string_list_item *refname;
 	int ret, needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
@@ -595,7 +645,7 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 	if (!needs_repacking)
 		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
 
-	if (lock_packed_refs(refs, 0)) {
+	if (lock_packed_refs(&refs->base, 0)) {
 		unable_to_lock_message(refs->path, errno, err);
 		return -1;
 	}
@@ -615,10 +665,151 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
 	}
 
 	/* Write what remains */
-	ret = commit_packed_refs(refs);
+	ret = commit_packed_refs(&refs->base);
 	if (ret)
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s",
 			    strerror(errno));
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int packed_init_db(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
+{
+	/* Nothing to do. */
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int packed_transaction_prepare(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+				      struct ref_transaction *transaction,
+				      struct strbuf *err)
+{
+	die("BUG: not implemented yet");
+}
+
+static int packed_transaction_abort(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+				    struct ref_transaction *transaction,
+				    struct strbuf *err)
+{
+	die("BUG: not implemented yet");
+}
+
+static int packed_transaction_finish(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+				     struct ref_transaction *transaction,
+				     struct strbuf *err)
+{
+	die("BUG: not implemented yet");
+}
+
+static int packed_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+					    struct ref_transaction *transaction,
+					    struct strbuf *err)
+{
+	return ref_transaction_commit(transaction, err);
+}
+
+static int packed_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
+			     struct string_list *refnames, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	die("BUG: not implemented yet");
+}
+
+static int packed_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Packed refs are already packed. It might be that loose refs
+	 * are packed *into* a packed refs store, but that is done by
+	 * updating the packed references via a transaction.
+	 */
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int packed_create_symref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+			       const char *refname, const char *target,
+			       const char *logmsg)
+{
+	die("BUG: packed reference store does not support symrefs");
+}
+
+static int packed_rename_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+			    const char *oldrefname, const char *newrefname,
+			    const char *logmsg)
+{
+	die("BUG: packed reference store does not support renaming references");
+}
+
+static struct ref_iterator *packed_reflog_iterator_begin(struct ref_store *ref_store)
+{
+	return empty_ref_iterator_begin();
+}
+
+static int packed_for_each_reflog_ent(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+				      const char *refname,
+				      each_reflog_ent_fn fn, void *cb_data)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int packed_for_each_reflog_ent_reverse(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+					      const char *refname,
+					      each_reflog_ent_fn fn,
+					      void *cb_data)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int packed_reflog_exists(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+			       const char *refname)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int packed_create_reflog(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+			       const char *refname, int force_create,
+			       struct strbuf *err)
+{
+	die("BUG: packed reference store does not support reflogs");
+}
+
+static int packed_delete_reflog(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+			       const char *refname)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int packed_reflog_expire(struct ref_store *ref_store,
+				const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1,
+				unsigned int flags,
+				reflog_expiry_prepare_fn prepare_fn,
+				reflog_expiry_should_prune_fn should_prune_fn,
+				reflog_expiry_cleanup_fn cleanup_fn,
+				void *policy_cb_data)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+struct ref_storage_be refs_be_packed = {
+	NULL,
+	"packed",
+	packed_ref_store_create,
+	packed_init_db,
+	packed_transaction_prepare,
+	packed_transaction_finish,
+	packed_transaction_abort,
+	packed_initial_transaction_commit,
+
+	packed_pack_refs,
+	packed_peel_ref,
+	packed_create_symref,
+	packed_delete_refs,
+	packed_rename_ref,
+
+	packed_ref_iterator_begin,
+	packed_read_raw_ref,
+
+	packed_reflog_iterator_begin,
+	packed_for_each_reflog_ent,
+	packed_for_each_reflog_ent_reverse,
+	packed_reflog_exists,
+	packed_create_reflog,
+	packed_delete_reflog,
+	packed_reflog_expire
+};
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.h b/refs/packed-backend.h
index 22e8817ac4..beea9c14b5 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.h
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.h
@@ -1,33 +1,22 @@
 #ifndef REFS_PACKED_BACKEND_H
 #define REFS_PACKED_BACKEND_H
 
-struct packed_ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(
-		const char *path, unsigned int store_flags);
-
-int packed_read_raw_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-			const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1,
-			struct strbuf *referent, unsigned int *type);
-
-int packed_peel_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-		    const char *refname, unsigned char *sha1);
-
-struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
-		struct packed_ref_store *refs,
-		const char *prefix, unsigned int flags);
+struct ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(const char *path,
+					  unsigned int store_flags);
 
 /*
  * Lock the packed-refs file for writing. Flags is passed to
  * hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, set
  * errno appropriately and return a nonzero value.
  */
-int lock_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs, int flags);
+int lock_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags);
 
-void add_packed_ref(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+void add_packed_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid);
 
-int commit_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs);
+int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store);
 
-int repack_without_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs,
+int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 			struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err);
 
 #endif /* REFS_PACKED_BACKEND_H */
diff --git a/refs/refs-internal.h b/refs/refs-internal.h
index 6f8f9f5619..4789106fc0 100644
--- a/refs/refs-internal.h
+++ b/refs/refs-internal.h
@@ -664,6 +664,7 @@ struct ref_storage_be {
 };
 
 extern struct ref_storage_be refs_be_files;
+extern struct ref_storage_be refs_be_packed;
 
 /*
  * A representation of the reference store for the main repository or
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 21/30] commit_packed_refs(): report errors rather than dying
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (19 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 20/30] packed_ref_store: make class into a subclass of `ref_store` Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:30 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 22/30] commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from the lockfile Michael Haggerty
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Report errors via a `struct strbuf *err` rather than by calling
`die()`. To enable this goal, change `write_packed_entry()` to report
errors via a return value and `errno` rather than dying.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c  | 10 +++---
 refs/packed-backend.c | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 refs/packed-backend.h |  2 +-
 3 files changed, 61 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 60f4fa5e7a..2810785efc 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1094,6 +1094,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
 	int ok;
 	struct ref_to_prune *refs_to_prune = NULL;
+	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
 	lock_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
 
@@ -1128,10 +1129,11 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 	if (ok != ITER_DONE)
 		die("error while iterating over references");
 
-	if (commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store))
-		die_errno("unable to overwrite old ref-pack file");
+	if (commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, &err))
+		die("unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s", err.buf);
 
 	prune_refs(refs, refs_to_prune);
+	strbuf_release(&err);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -2693,9 +2695,7 @@ static int files_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 				       &update->new_oid);
 	}
 
-	if (commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store)) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to commit packed-refs file: %s",
-			    strerror(errno));
+	if (commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, err)) {
 		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
 		goto cleanup;
 	}
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 4676dc3959..18ce47fcb7 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -493,15 +493,19 @@ static struct ref_iterator *packed_ref_iterator_begin(
 
 /*
  * Write an entry to the packed-refs file for the specified refname.
- * If peeled is non-NULL, write it as the entry's peeled value.
+ * If peeled is non-NULL, write it as the entry's peeled value. On
+ * error, return a nonzero value and leave errno set at the value left
+ * by the failing call to `fprintf()`.
  */
-static void write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
-			       const unsigned char *sha1,
-			       const unsigned char *peeled)
+static int write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
+			      const unsigned char *sha1,
+			      const unsigned char *peeled)
 {
-	fprintf_or_die(fh, "%s %s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1), refname);
-	if (peeled)
-		fprintf_or_die(fh, "^%s\n", sha1_to_hex(peeled));
+	if (fprintf(fh, "%s %s\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1), refname) < 0 ||
+	    (peeled && fprintf(fh, "^%s\n", sha1_to_hex(peeled)) < 0))
+		return -1;
+
+	return 0;
 }
 
 int lock_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags)
@@ -550,49 +554,74 @@ static const char PACKED_REFS_HEADER[] =
 /*
  * Write the current version of the packed refs cache from memory to
  * disk. The packed-refs file must already be locked for writing (see
- * lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, set errno
- * and return a nonzero value.
+ * lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, rollback
+ * the lockfile, write an error message to `err`, and return a nonzero
+ * value.
  */
-int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store)
+int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
 		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE | REF_STORE_MAIN,
 				"commit_packed_refs");
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
 		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-	int ok, error = 0;
-	int save_errno = 0;
+	int ok;
+	int ret = -1;
 	FILE *out;
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
 
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
+		die("BUG: commit_packed_refs() called when unlocked");
 
 	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->lock, "w");
-	if (!out)
-		die_errno("unable to fdopen packed-refs descriptor");
+	if (!out) {
+		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to fdopen packed-refs tempfile: %s",
+			    strerror(errno));
+		goto error;
+	}
 
-	fprintf_or_die(out, "%s", PACKED_REFS_HEADER);
+	if (fprintf(out, "%s", PACKED_REFS_HEADER) < 0) {
+		strbuf_addf(err, "error writing to %s: %s",
+			    get_lock_file_path(&refs->lock), strerror(errno));
+		goto error;
+	}
 
 	iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(packed_ref_cache->cache, NULL, 0);
 	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
 		struct object_id peeled;
 		int peel_error = ref_iterator_peel(iter, &peeled);
 
-		write_packed_entry(out, iter->refname, iter->oid->hash,
-				   peel_error ? NULL : peeled.hash);
+		if (write_packed_entry(out, iter->refname, iter->oid->hash,
+				       peel_error ? NULL : peeled.hash)) {
+			strbuf_addf(err, "error writing to %s: %s",
+				    get_lock_file_path(&refs->lock),
+				    strerror(errno));
+			ref_iterator_abort(iter);
+			goto error;
+		}
 	}
 
-	if (ok != ITER_DONE)
-		die("error while iterating over references");
+	if (ok != ITER_DONE) {
+		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to write packed-refs file: "
+			    "error iterating over old contents");
+		goto error;
+	}
 
 	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->lock)) {
-		save_errno = errno;
-		error = -1;
+		strbuf_addf(err, "error overwriting %s: %s",
+			    refs->path, strerror(errno));
+		goto out;
 	}
+
+	ret = 0;
+	goto out;
+
+error:
+	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
+
+out:
 	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
-	errno = save_errno;
-	return error;
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -628,7 +657,7 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 				"repack_without_refs");
 	struct ref_dir *packed;
 	struct string_list_item *refname;
-	int ret, needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
+	int needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
 
 	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "repack_without_refs");
 	assert(err);
@@ -665,11 +694,7 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	}
 
 	/* Write what remains */
-	ret = commit_packed_refs(&refs->base);
-	if (ret)
-		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s",
-			    strerror(errno));
-	return ret;
+	return commit_packed_refs(&refs->base, err);
 }
 
 static int packed_init_db(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.h b/refs/packed-backend.h
index beea9c14b5..3d4057b65b 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.h
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.h
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ int lock_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags);
 void add_packed_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid);
 
-int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store);
+int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err);
 
 int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 			struct string_list *refnames, struct strbuf *err);
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 22/30] commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from the lockfile
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (20 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 21/30] commit_packed_refs(): report errors rather than dying Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 23/30] packed_refs_lock(): function renamed from lock_packed_refs() Michael Haggerty
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

We will want to be able to hold the lockfile for `packed-refs` even
after we have activated the new values. So use a separate tempfile,
`packed-refs.new`, as a place to stage the new contents of the
`packed-refs` file. For now this is all done within
`commit_packed_refs()`, but that will change shortly.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/packed-backend.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 32 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 18ce47fcb7..71f92ed6f0 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -68,6 +68,13 @@ struct packed_ref_store {
 	 * thus the enclosing `packed_ref_store`) must not be freed.
 	 */
 	struct lock_file lock;
+
+	/*
+	 * Temporary file used when rewriting new contents to the
+	 * "packed-refs" file. Note that this (and thus the enclosing
+	 * `packed_ref_store`) must not be freed.
+	 */
+	struct tempfile tempfile;
 };
 
 struct ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(const char *path,
@@ -522,10 +529,16 @@ int lock_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags)
 		timeout_configured = 1;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * Note that we close the lockfile immediately because we
+	 * don't write new content to it, but rather to a separate
+	 * tempfile.
+	 */
 	if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
 			    &refs->lock,
 			    refs->path,
-			    flags, timeout_value) < 0)
+			    flags, timeout_value) < 0 ||
+	    close_lock_file(&refs->lock))
 		return -1;
 
 	/*
@@ -567,13 +580,23 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 	int ok;
 	int ret = -1;
+	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
 	FILE *out;
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
 
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 		die("BUG: commit_packed_refs() called when unlocked");
 
-	out = fdopen_lock_file(&refs->lock, "w");
+	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s.new", refs->path);
+	if (create_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, sb.buf) < 0) {
+		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create file %s: %s",
+			    sb.buf, strerror(errno));
+		strbuf_release(&sb);
+		goto out;
+	}
+	strbuf_release(&sb);
+
+	out = fdopen_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, "w");
 	if (!out) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to fdopen packed-refs tempfile: %s",
 			    strerror(errno));
@@ -582,7 +605,7 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 
 	if (fprintf(out, "%s", PACKED_REFS_HEADER) < 0) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "error writing to %s: %s",
-			    get_lock_file_path(&refs->lock), strerror(errno));
+			    get_tempfile_path(&refs->tempfile), strerror(errno));
 		goto error;
 	}
 
@@ -594,7 +617,7 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 		if (write_packed_entry(out, iter->refname, iter->oid->hash,
 				       peel_error ? NULL : peeled.hash)) {
 			strbuf_addf(err, "error writing to %s: %s",
-				    get_lock_file_path(&refs->lock),
+				    get_tempfile_path(&refs->tempfile),
 				    strerror(errno));
 			ref_iterator_abort(iter);
 			goto error;
@@ -602,13 +625,13 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 	}
 
 	if (ok != ITER_DONE) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to write packed-refs file: "
+		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to rewrite packed-refs file: "
 			    "error iterating over old contents");
 		goto error;
 	}
 
-	if (commit_lock_file(&refs->lock)) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, "error overwriting %s: %s",
+	if (rename_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, refs->path)) {
+		strbuf_addf(err, "error replacing %s: %s",
 			    refs->path, strerror(errno));
 		goto out;
 	}
@@ -617,9 +640,10 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 	goto out;
 
 error:
-	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
+	delete_tempfile(&refs->tempfile);
 
 out:
+	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
 	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
 	return ret;
 }
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 23/30] packed_refs_lock(): function renamed from lock_packed_refs()
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (21 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 22/30] commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from the lockfile Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 24/30] packed_refs_lock(): report errors via a `struct strbuf *err` Michael Haggerty
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Rename `lock_packed_refs()` to `packed_refs_lock()` for consistency
with how other methods are named. Also, it's about to get some
companions.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c  |  4 ++--
 refs/packed-backend.c | 10 +++++-----
 refs/packed-backend.h |  2 +-
 3 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 2810785efc..88de907148 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1096,7 +1096,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 	struct ref_to_prune *refs_to_prune = NULL;
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
-	lock_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
+	packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
 
 	iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(get_loose_ref_cache(refs), NULL, 0);
 	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
@@ -2679,7 +2679,7 @@ static int files_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (lock_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, 0)) {
+	if (packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, 0)) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to lock packed-refs file: %s",
 			    strerror(errno));
 		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 71f92ed6f0..cd214e07a1 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -321,7 +321,7 @@ static struct ref_dir *get_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 /*
  * Add or overwrite a reference in the in-memory packed reference
  * cache. This may only be called while the packed-refs file is locked
- * (see lock_packed_refs()). To actually write the packed-refs file,
+ * (see packed_refs_lock()). To actually write the packed-refs file,
  * call commit_packed_refs().
  */
 void add_packed_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
@@ -515,11 +515,11 @@ static int write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-int lock_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags)
+int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
 		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE | REF_STORE_MAIN,
-				"lock_packed_refs");
+				"packed_refs_lock");
 	static int timeout_configured = 0;
 	static int timeout_value = 1000;
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache;
@@ -567,7 +567,7 @@ static const char PACKED_REFS_HEADER[] =
 /*
  * Write the current version of the packed refs cache from memory to
  * disk. The packed-refs file must already be locked for writing (see
- * lock_packed_refs()). Return zero on success. On errors, rollback
+ * packed_refs_lock()). Return zero on success. On errors, rollback
  * the lockfile, write an error message to `err`, and return a nonzero
  * value.
  */
@@ -698,7 +698,7 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	if (!needs_repacking)
 		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
 
-	if (lock_packed_refs(&refs->base, 0)) {
+	if (packed_refs_lock(&refs->base, 0)) {
 		unable_to_lock_message(refs->path, errno, err);
 		return -1;
 	}
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.h b/refs/packed-backend.h
index 3d4057b65b..dbc00d3396 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.h
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.h
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ struct ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(const char *path,
  * hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, set
  * errno appropriately and return a nonzero value.
  */
-int lock_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags);
+int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags);
 
 void add_packed_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid);
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 24/30] packed_refs_lock(): report errors via a `struct strbuf *err`
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (22 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 23/30] packed_refs_lock(): function renamed from lock_packed_refs() Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 25/30] packed_refs_unlock(), packed_refs_is_locked(): new functions Michael Haggerty
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

That way the callers don't have to come up with error messages
themselves.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c  |  6 ++----
 refs/packed-backend.c | 17 +++++++++++------
 refs/packed-backend.h |  6 +++---
 3 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 88de907148..8ea4e9ab05 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1096,7 +1096,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 	struct ref_to_prune *refs_to_prune = NULL;
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
-	packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
+	packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR, &err);
 
 	iter = cache_ref_iterator_begin(get_loose_ref_cache(refs), NULL, 0);
 	while ((ok = ref_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
@@ -2679,9 +2679,7 @@ static int files_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, 0)) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to lock packed-refs file: %s",
-			    strerror(errno));
+	if (packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, 0, err)) {
 		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
 		goto cleanup;
 	}
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index cd214e07a1..78e877a9e3 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -515,7 +515,7 @@ static int write_packed_entry(FILE *fh, const char *refname,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags)
+int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags, struct strbuf *err)
 {
 	struct packed_ref_store *refs =
 		packed_downcast(ref_store, REF_STORE_WRITE | REF_STORE_MAIN,
@@ -537,9 +537,15 @@ int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags)
 	if (hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
 			    &refs->lock,
 			    refs->path,
-			    flags, timeout_value) < 0 ||
-	    close_lock_file(&refs->lock))
+			    flags, timeout_value) < 0) {
+		unable_to_lock_message(refs->path, errno, err);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	if (close_lock_file(&refs->lock)) {
+		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to close %s: %s", refs->path, strerror(errno));
 		return -1;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * Now that we hold the `packed-refs` lock, make sure that our
@@ -698,10 +704,9 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	if (!needs_repacking)
 		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
 
-	if (packed_refs_lock(&refs->base, 0)) {
-		unable_to_lock_message(refs->path, errno, err);
+	if (packed_refs_lock(&refs->base, 0, err))
 		return -1;
-	}
+
 	packed = get_packed_refs(refs);
 
 	/* Remove refnames from the cache */
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.h b/refs/packed-backend.h
index dbc00d3396..210e3f35ce 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.h
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.h
@@ -6,10 +6,10 @@ struct ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(const char *path,
 
 /*
  * Lock the packed-refs file for writing. Flags is passed to
- * hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, set
- * errno appropriately and return a nonzero value.
+ * hold_lock_file_for_update(). Return 0 on success. On errors, write
+ * an error message to `err` and return a nonzero value.
  */
-int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags);
+int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags, struct strbuf *err);
 
 void add_packed_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid);
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 25/30] packed_refs_unlock(), packed_refs_is_locked(): new functions
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (23 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 24/30] packed_refs_lock(): report errors via a `struct strbuf *err` Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 26/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): don't protest if the lock is held Michael Haggerty
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Add two new public functions, `packed_refs_unlock()` and
`packed_refs_is_locked()`, with which callers can manage and query the
`packed-refs` lock externally.

Call `packed_refs_unlock()` from `commit_packed_refs()` and
`rollback_packed_refs()`.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/packed-backend.c | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 refs/packed-backend.h |  3 +++
 2 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 78e877a9e3..f27943f9a1 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -563,6 +563,29 @@ int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags, struct strbuf *err)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+void packed_refs_unlock(struct ref_store *ref_store)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs = packed_downcast(
+			ref_store,
+			REF_STORE_READ | REF_STORE_WRITE,
+			"packed_refs_unlock");
+
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+		die("BUG: packed_refs_unlock() called when not locked");
+	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
+	release_packed_ref_cache(refs->cache);
+}
+
+int packed_refs_is_locked(struct ref_store *ref_store)
+{
+	struct packed_ref_store *refs = packed_downcast(
+			ref_store,
+			REF_STORE_READ | REF_STORE_WRITE,
+			"packed_refs_is_locked");
+
+	return is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock);
+}
+
 /*
  * The packed-refs header line that we write out.  Perhaps other
  * traits will be added later.  The trailing space is required.
@@ -649,8 +672,7 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 	delete_tempfile(&refs->tempfile);
 
 out:
-	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
-	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
+	packed_refs_unlock(ref_store);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -661,14 +683,11 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
  */
 static void rollback_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 {
-	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache = get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-
 	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
 
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
-	rollback_lock_file(&refs->lock);
-	release_packed_ref_cache(packed_ref_cache);
+	packed_refs_unlock(&refs->base);
 	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 }
 
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.h b/refs/packed-backend.h
index 210e3f35ce..03b7c1de95 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.h
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.h
@@ -11,6 +11,9 @@ struct ref_store *packed_ref_store_create(const char *path,
  */
 int packed_refs_lock(struct ref_store *ref_store, int flags, struct strbuf *err);
 
+void packed_refs_unlock(struct ref_store *ref_store);
+int packed_refs_is_locked(struct ref_store *ref_store);
+
 void add_packed_ref(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		    const char *refname, const struct object_id *oid);
 
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 26/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): don't protest if the lock is held
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (24 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 25/30] packed_refs_unlock(), packed_refs_is_locked(): new functions Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 27/30] commit_packed_refs(): remove call to `packed_refs_unlock()` Michael Haggerty
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

The existing callers already check that the lock isn't held just
before calling `clear_packed_ref_cache()`, and in the near future we
want to be able to call this function when the lock is held.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/packed-backend.c | 2 --
 1 file changed, 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index f27943f9a1..96d92a5eea 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -133,8 +133,6 @@ static void clear_packed_ref_cache(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
 	if (refs->cache) {
 		struct packed_ref_cache *cache = refs->cache;
 
-		if (is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-			die("BUG: packed-ref cache cleared while locked");
 		refs->cache = NULL;
 		release_packed_ref_cache(cache);
 	}
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 27/30] commit_packed_refs(): remove call to `packed_refs_unlock()`
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (25 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 26/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): don't protest if the lock is held Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 28/30] repack_without_refs(): don't lock or unlock the packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Instead, change the callers of `commit_packed_refs()` to call
`packed_refs_unlock()`.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c  |  2 ++
 refs/packed-backend.c | 18 ++++++++----------
 2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 8ea4e9ab05..93bdc8f0c8 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1131,6 +1131,7 @@ static int files_pack_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, unsigned int flags)
 
 	if (commit_packed_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, &err))
 		die("unable to overwrite old ref-pack file: %s", err.buf);
+	packed_refs_unlock(refs->packed_ref_store);
 
 	prune_refs(refs, refs_to_prune);
 	strbuf_release(&err);
@@ -2699,6 +2700,7 @@ static int files_initial_transaction_commit(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	}
 
 cleanup:
+	packed_refs_unlock(refs->packed_ref_store);
 	transaction->state = REF_TRANSACTION_CLOSED;
 	string_list_clear(&affected_refnames, 0);
 	return ret;
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 96d92a5eea..5cf6b3d40e 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -606,7 +606,6 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
 		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 	int ok;
-	int ret = -1;
 	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
 	FILE *out;
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
@@ -619,7 +618,7 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create file %s: %s",
 			    sb.buf, strerror(errno));
 		strbuf_release(&sb);
-		goto out;
+		return -1;
 	}
 	strbuf_release(&sb);
 
@@ -660,18 +659,14 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 	if (rename_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, refs->path)) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "error replacing %s: %s",
 			    refs->path, strerror(errno));
-		goto out;
+		return -1;
 	}
 
-	ret = 0;
-	goto out;
+	return 0;
 
 error:
 	delete_tempfile(&refs->tempfile);
-
-out:
-	packed_refs_unlock(ref_store);
-	return ret;
+	return -1;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -705,6 +700,7 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	struct ref_dir *packed;
 	struct string_list_item *refname;
 	int needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
+	int ret;
 
 	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "repack_without_refs");
 	assert(err);
@@ -740,7 +736,9 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	}
 
 	/* Write what remains */
-	return commit_packed_refs(&refs->base, err);
+	ret = commit_packed_refs(&refs->base, err);
+	packed_refs_unlock(ref_store);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 static int packed_init_db(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 28/30] repack_without_refs(): don't lock or unlock the packed refs
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (26 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 27/30] commit_packed_refs(): remove call to `packed_refs_unlock()` Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 29/30] t3210: add some tests of bogus packed-refs file contents Michael Haggerty
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

Change `repack_without_refs()` to expect the packed-refs lock to be
held already, and not to release the lock before returning. Change the
callers to deal with lock management.

This change makes it possible for callers to hold the packed-refs lock
for a longer span of time, a possibility that will eventually make it
possible to fix some longstanding races.

The only semantic change here is that `repack_without_refs()` used to
forget to release the lock in the `if (!removed)` exit path. That
omission is now fixed.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/files-backend.c  | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 refs/packed-backend.c | 32 ++++++++------------------------
 2 files changed, 39 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 93bdc8f0c8..e9b95592b6 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1149,24 +1149,16 @@ static int files_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
 	if (!refnames->nr)
 		return 0;
 
-	result = repack_without_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, refnames, &err);
-	if (result) {
-		/*
-		 * If we failed to rewrite the packed-refs file, then
-		 * it is unsafe to try to remove loose refs, because
-		 * doing so might expose an obsolete packed value for
-		 * a reference that might even point at an object that
-		 * has been garbage collected.
-		 */
-		if (refnames->nr == 1)
-			error(_("could not delete reference %s: %s"),
-			      refnames->items[0].string, err.buf);
-		else
-			error(_("could not delete references: %s"), err.buf);
+	if (packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, 0, &err))
+		goto error;
 
-		goto out;
+	if (repack_without_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, refnames, &err)) {
+		packed_refs_unlock(refs->packed_ref_store);
+		goto error;
 	}
 
+	packed_refs_unlock(refs->packed_ref_store);
+
 	for (i = 0; i < refnames->nr; i++) {
 		const char *refname = refnames->items[i].string;
 
@@ -1174,9 +1166,24 @@ static int files_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
 			result |= error(_("could not remove reference %s"), refname);
 	}
 
-out:
 	strbuf_release(&err);
 	return result;
+
+error:
+	/*
+	 * If we failed to rewrite the packed-refs file, then it is
+	 * unsafe to try to remove loose refs, because doing so might
+	 * expose an obsolete packed value for a reference that might
+	 * even point at an object that has been garbage collected.
+	 */
+	if (refnames->nr == 1)
+		error(_("could not delete reference %s: %s"),
+		      refnames->items[0].string, err.buf);
+	else
+		error(_("could not delete references: %s"), err.buf);
+
+	strbuf_release(&err);
+	return -1;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -2569,11 +2576,19 @@ static int files_transaction_finish(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		}
 	}
 
+	if (packed_refs_lock(refs->packed_ref_store, 0, err)) {
+		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
+		goto cleanup;
+	}
+
 	if (repack_without_refs(refs->packed_ref_store, &refs_to_delete, err)) {
 		ret = TRANSACTION_GENERIC_ERROR;
+		packed_refs_unlock(refs->packed_ref_store);
 		goto cleanup;
 	}
 
+	packed_refs_unlock(refs->packed_ref_store);
+
 	/* Delete the reflogs of any references that were deleted: */
 	for_each_string_list_item(ref_to_delete, &refs_to_delete) {
 		strbuf_reset(&sb);
diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 5cf6b3d40e..377c775adb 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -669,25 +669,12 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 	return -1;
 }
 
-/*
- * Rollback the lockfile for the packed-refs file, and discard the
- * in-memory packed reference cache.  (The packed-refs file will be
- * read anew if it is needed again after this function is called.)
- */
-static void rollback_packed_refs(struct packed_ref_store *refs)
-{
-	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "rollback_packed_refs");
-
-	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
-		die("BUG: packed-refs not locked");
-	packed_refs_unlock(&refs->base);
-	clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
-}
-
 /*
  * Rewrite the packed-refs file, omitting any refs listed in
  * 'refnames'. On error, leave packed-refs unchanged, write an error
- * message to 'err', and return a nonzero value.
+ * message to 'err', and return a nonzero value. The packed refs lock
+ * must be held when calling this function; it will still be held when
+ * the function returns.
  *
  * The refs in 'refnames' needn't be sorted. `err` must not be NULL.
  */
@@ -700,11 +687,13 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	struct ref_dir *packed;
 	struct string_list_item *refname;
 	int needs_repacking = 0, removed = 0;
-	int ret;
 
 	packed_assert_main_repository(refs, "repack_without_refs");
 	assert(err);
 
+	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
+		die("BUG: repack_without_refs called without holding lock");
+
 	/* Look for a packed ref */
 	for_each_string_list_item(refname, refnames) {
 		if (get_packed_ref(refs, refname->string)) {
@@ -717,9 +706,6 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 	if (!needs_repacking)
 		return 0; /* no refname exists in packed refs */
 
-	if (packed_refs_lock(&refs->base, 0, err))
-		return -1;
-
 	packed = get_packed_refs(refs);
 
 	/* Remove refnames from the cache */
@@ -731,14 +717,12 @@ int repack_without_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		 * All packed entries disappeared while we were
 		 * acquiring the lock.
 		 */
-		rollback_packed_refs(refs);
+		clear_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
 	/* Write what remains */
-	ret = commit_packed_refs(&refs->base, err);
-	packed_refs_unlock(ref_store);
-	return ret;
+	return commit_packed_refs(&refs->base, err);
 }
 
 static int packed_init_db(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 29/30] t3210: add some tests of bogus packed-refs file contents
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (27 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 28/30] repack_without_refs(): don't lock or unlock the packed refs Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 30/30] read_packed_refs(): die if `packed-refs` contains bogus data Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-05  9:12 ` [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Jeff King
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

If `packed-refs` contains indecipherable lines, we should emit an
error and quit rather than just skipping the lines. Unfortunately, we
currently do the latter. Add some failing tests demonstrating the
problem.

This will be fixed in the next commit.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 t/t3210-pack-refs.sh | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 27 insertions(+)

diff --git a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
index 9b182a0c32..4b65836283 100755
--- a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
+++ b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
@@ -194,6 +194,33 @@ test_expect_success 'notice d/f conflict with existing ref' '
 	test_must_fail git branch foo/bar/baz/lots/of/extra/components
 '
 
+test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs with unterminated line' '
+	cp .git/packed-refs .git/packed-refs.bak &&
+	test_when_finished "mv .git/packed-refs.bak .git/packed-refs" &&
+	printf "%s" "$HEAD refs/zzzzz" >>.git/packed-refs &&
+	echo "fatal: unterminated line in .git/packed-refs: $HEAD refs/zzzzz" >expected_err &&
+	test_must_fail git for-each-ref >out 2>err &&
+	test_cmp expected_err err
+'
+
+test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs containing junk' '
+	cp .git/packed-refs .git/packed-refs.bak &&
+	test_when_finished "mv .git/packed-refs.bak .git/packed-refs" &&
+	printf "%s\n" "bogus content" >>.git/packed-refs &&
+	echo "fatal: unexpected line in .git/packed-refs: bogus content" >expected_err &&
+	test_must_fail git for-each-ref >out 2>err &&
+	test_cmp expected_err err
+'
+
+test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs with a short SHA-1' '
+	cp .git/packed-refs .git/packed-refs.bak &&
+	test_when_finished "mv .git/packed-refs.bak .git/packed-refs" &&
+	printf "%.7s %s\n" $HEAD refs/zzzzz >>.git/packed-refs &&
+	printf "fatal: unexpected line in .git/packed-refs: %.7s %s\n" $HEAD refs/zzzzz >expected_err &&
+	test_must_fail git for-each-ref >out 2>err &&
+	test_cmp expected_err err
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'timeout if packed-refs.lock exists' '
 	LOCK=.git/packed-refs.lock &&
 	>"$LOCK" &&
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 30/30] read_packed_refs(): die if `packed-refs` contains bogus data
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (28 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 29/30] t3210: add some tests of bogus packed-refs file contents Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-01 18:31 ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-05  9:12 ` [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Jeff King
  30 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-01 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

The old code ignored any lines that it didn't understand, including
unterminated lines. This is dangerous. Instead, `die()` if the
`packed-refs` file contains any unterminated lines or lines that we
don't know how to handle.

This fixes the tests added in the last commit.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
 refs/packed-backend.c | 10 +++++++---
 t/t3210-pack-refs.sh  |  6 +++---
 2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index 377c775adb..a28befbfa3 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -229,6 +229,9 @@ static struct packed_ref_cache *read_packed_refs(const char *packed_refs_file)
 		const char *refname;
 		const char *traits;
 
+		if (!line.len || line.buf[line.len - 1] != '\n')
+			die("unterminated line in %s: %s", packed_refs_file, line.buf);
+
 		if (skip_prefix(line.buf, "# pack-refs with:", &traits)) {
 			if (strstr(traits, " fully-peeled "))
 				peeled = PEELED_FULLY;
@@ -253,9 +256,7 @@ static struct packed_ref_cache *read_packed_refs(const char *packed_refs_file)
 			    (peeled == PEELED_TAGS && starts_with(refname, "refs/tags/")))
 				last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
 			add_ref_entry(dir, last);
-			continue;
-		}
-		if (last &&
+		} else if (last &&
 		    line.buf[0] == '^' &&
 		    line.len == PEELED_LINE_LENGTH &&
 		    line.buf[PEELED_LINE_LENGTH - 1] == '\n' &&
@@ -267,6 +268,9 @@ static struct packed_ref_cache *read_packed_refs(const char *packed_refs_file)
 			 * reference:
 			 */
 			last->flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
+		} else {
+			strbuf_setlen(&line, line.len - 1);
+			die("unexpected line in %s: %s", packed_refs_file, line.buf);
 		}
 	}
 
diff --git a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
index 4b65836283..2bb4b25ed9 100755
--- a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
+++ b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ test_expect_success 'notice d/f conflict with existing ref' '
 	test_must_fail git branch foo/bar/baz/lots/of/extra/components
 '
 
-test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs with unterminated line' '
+test_expect_success 'reject packed-refs with unterminated line' '
 	cp .git/packed-refs .git/packed-refs.bak &&
 	test_when_finished "mv .git/packed-refs.bak .git/packed-refs" &&
 	printf "%s" "$HEAD refs/zzzzz" >>.git/packed-refs &&
@@ -203,7 +203,7 @@ test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs with unterminated line' '
 	test_cmp expected_err err
 '
 
-test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs containing junk' '
+test_expect_success 'reject packed-refs containing junk' '
 	cp .git/packed-refs .git/packed-refs.bak &&
 	test_when_finished "mv .git/packed-refs.bak .git/packed-refs" &&
 	printf "%s\n" "bogus content" >>.git/packed-refs &&
@@ -212,7 +212,7 @@ test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs containing junk' '
 	test_cmp expected_err err
 '
 
-test_expect_failure 'reject packed-refs with a short SHA-1' '
+test_expect_success 'reject packed-refs with a short SHA-1' '
 	cp .git/packed-refs .git/packed-refs.bak &&
 	test_when_finished "mv .git/packed-refs.bak .git/packed-refs" &&
 	printf "%.7s %s\n" $HEAD refs/zzzzz >>.git/packed-refs &&
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs
  2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
                   ` (29 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 30/30] read_packed_refs(): die if `packed-refs` contains bogus data Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-05  9:12 ` Jeff King
  2017-07-20 23:05   ` Stefan Beller
  30 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2017-07-05  9:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael Haggerty
  Cc: Junio C Hamano, Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy,
	Stefan Beller, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git

On Sat, Jul 01, 2017 at 08:30:38PM +0200, Michael Haggerty wrote:

> This is v3 of a patch series creating a `packed_ref_store` reference
> backend. Thanks to Peff and Junio for their comments about v2 [1].
> 
> Changes since v2:
> 
> * Delete some debugging `cat` commands in t1408.
> 
> * Add some tests of reading packed-refs files with bogus contents.
> 
> * When reporting corruption in packed-refs files, distinguish between
>   unterminated lines and other corruption.
> 
> * Fixed a typo in a commit message.

Thanks. I just quickly re-reviewed based on the diff from v2, and it
looks good to me.

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs
  2017-07-05  9:12 ` [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Jeff King
@ 2017-07-20 23:05   ` Stefan Beller
  2017-07-20 23:20     ` Jonathan Nieder
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Stefan Beller @ 2017-07-20 23:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git

On Wed, Jul 5, 2017 at 2:12 AM, Jeff King <peff@peff.net> wrote:
> On Sat, Jul 01, 2017 at 08:30:38PM +0200, Michael Haggerty wrote:
>
>> This is v3 of a patch series creating a `packed_ref_store` reference
>> backend. Thanks to Peff and Junio for their comments about v2 [1].
>>
>> Changes since v2:
>>
>> * Delete some debugging `cat` commands in t1408.
>>
>> * Add some tests of reading packed-refs files with bogus contents.
>>
>> * When reporting corruption in packed-refs files, distinguish between
>>   unterminated lines and other corruption.
>>
>> * Fixed a typo in a commit message.
>
> Thanks. I just quickly re-reviewed based on the diff from v2, and it
> looks good to me.
>
> -Peff

We have a user that reports:

  The issue is for users who have a mirrored repository, "git pack-refs"
  now overwrites the .git/packed-refs symlink instead of following it and
  replacing the file it points to.

I suspect this series to be at fault, as the bug report came in a day after
we deployed next containing these changes.

Do symlinks and packed-refs ring a bell for this series?

Thanks,
Stefan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs
  2017-07-20 23:05   ` Stefan Beller
@ 2017-07-20 23:20     ` Jonathan Nieder
  2017-07-26 23:39       ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Michael Haggerty
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2017-07-20 23:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Stefan Beller
  Cc: Jeff King, Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git, Dave Walker

+cc: dawalker, who reported the bug
Stefan Beller wrote:

> We have a user that reports:
>
>   The issue is for users who have a mirrored repository, "git pack-refs"
>   now overwrites the .git/packed-refs symlink instead of following it and
>   replacing the file it points to.
>
> I suspect this series to be at fault, as the bug report came in a day after
> we deployed next containing these changes.
>
> Do symlinks and packed-refs ring a bell for this series?

contrib/workdir/git-new-workdir installs packed-refs as a symlink.
The reported scenario was with another tool that does something
similar for similar reasons.

Dave Walker wrote:

> In the meantime, since this is linked to "git gc", it can crop up
> nearly at any time you modify things from a mirror. I'd recommend
> extreme care until this is sorted out, and it's probably safest to
> avoid using the mirror for branch-modifying operations.
[...]
> The change at fault is this one:
> https://github.com/gitster/git/commit/42dfa7ecef22191b004862fb56074b408c94fc97

That's "commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from the
lockfile", 2017-06-23, which would indeed appear to explain the
symptoms.

I'll try to make a reproduction recipe.

Thanks,
Jonathan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-20 23:20     ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2017-07-26 23:39       ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-27  0:15         ` Stefan Beller
                           ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-26 23:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Jonathan Nieder, Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy,
	Stefan Beller, Jeff King, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git, Michael Haggerty

One of the tricks that `contrib/workdir/git-new-workdir` plays is to
making `packed-refs` in the new workdir a symlink to the `packed-refs`
file in the original repository. Before
42dfa7ecef ("commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from
the lockfile", 2017-06-23), a lockfile was used as the staging file,
and because the `LOCK_NO_DEREF` was not used, the pointed-to file was
locked and modified.

But after that commit, the staging file was created using a tempfile,
with the end result that rewriting the `packed-refs` file in the
workdir overwrote the symlink rather than the original `packed-refs`
file.

Change `commit_packed_refs()` to use `get_locked_file_path()` to find
the path of the file that it should overwrite. Since that path was
properly resolved when the lockfile was created, this restores the
pre-42dfa7ecef behavior.

Also add a test case to document this use case and prevent a
regression like this from recurring.

Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
---
Sorry for the slow response; I've been traveling and very busy.

I didn't even know that a symlinked `packed-refs` file is a thing. The
attached patch should fix the problem. It applies on top of v3 of
mh/packed-ref-store [1] (which is already in next).

Michael

[1] http://public-inbox.org/git/cover.1498933362.git.mhagger@alum.mit.edu/

 refs/packed-backend.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++------
 t/t3210-pack-refs.sh  | 15 +++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
index a28befbfa3..59e7d1a509 100644
--- a/refs/packed-backend.c
+++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
@@ -610,19 +610,27 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
 		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
 	int ok;
+	int ret = -1;
 	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
 	FILE *out;
 	struct ref_iterator *iter;
+	char *packed_refs_path;
 
 	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
 		die("BUG: commit_packed_refs() called when unlocked");
 
-	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s.new", refs->path);
+	/*
+	 * If packed-refs is a symlink, we want to overwrite the
+	 * symlinked-to file, not the symlink itself. Also, put the
+	 * staging file next to it:
+	 */
+	packed_refs_path = get_locked_file_path(&refs->lock);
+	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s.new", packed_refs_path);
 	if (create_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, sb.buf) < 0) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create file %s: %s",
 			    sb.buf, strerror(errno));
 		strbuf_release(&sb);
-		return -1;
+		goto out;
 	}
 	strbuf_release(&sb);
 
@@ -660,17 +668,21 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
 		goto error;
 	}
 
-	if (rename_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, refs->path)) {
+	if (rename_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, packed_refs_path)) {
 		strbuf_addf(err, "error replacing %s: %s",
 			    refs->path, strerror(errno));
-		return -1;
+		goto out;
 	}
 
-	return 0;
+	ret = 0;
+	goto out;
 
 error:
 	delete_tempfile(&refs->tempfile);
-	return -1;
+
+out:
+	free(packed_refs_path);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
index 2bb4b25ed9..0d8a03e2a9 100755
--- a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
+++ b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
@@ -238,4 +238,19 @@ test_expect_success 'retry acquiring packed-refs.lock' '
 	git -c core.packedrefstimeout=3000 pack-refs --all --prune
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '
+	# First make sure that symlinking works when reading:
+	git update-ref refs/heads/loosy refs/heads/master &&
+	git for-each-ref >all-refs-before &&
+	mv .git/packed-refs .git/my-deviant-packed-refs &&
+	ln -s my-deviant-packed-refs .git/packed-refs &&
+	git for-each-ref >all-refs-linked &&
+	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-linked &&
+	git pack-refs --all --prune &&
+	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
+	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
+	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
+	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
+'
+
 test_done
-- 
2.11.0


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-26 23:39       ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Michael Haggerty
@ 2017-07-27  0:15         ` Stefan Beller
  2017-07-27  0:18         ` Jonathan Nieder
                           ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Stefan Beller @ 2017-07-27  0:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael Haggerty
  Cc: Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git

On Wed, Jul 26, 2017 at 4:39 PM, Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu> wrote:
> One of the tricks that `contrib/workdir/git-new-workdir` plays is to
> making `packed-refs` in the new workdir a symlink to the `packed-refs`
> file in the original repository. Before
> 42dfa7ecef ("commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from
> the lockfile", 2017-06-23), a lockfile was used as the staging file,
> and because the `LOCK_NO_DEREF` was not used, the pointed-to file was
> locked and modified.
>
> But after that commit, the staging file was created using a tempfile,
> with the end result that rewriting the `packed-refs` file in the
> workdir overwrote the symlink rather than the original `packed-refs`
> file.
>
> Change `commit_packed_refs()` to use `get_locked_file_path()` to find
> the path of the file that it should overwrite. Since that path was
> properly resolved when the lockfile was created, this restores the
> pre-42dfa7ecef behavior.
>
> Also add a test case to document this use case and prevent a
> regression like this from recurring.
>
> Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>
> ---
> Sorry for the slow response; I've been traveling and very busy.
>
> I didn't even know that a symlinked `packed-refs` file is a thing. The
> attached patch should fix the problem. It applies on top of v3 of
> mh/packed-ref-store [1] (which is already in next).

Thanks for providing a fix.
Code looks good to me, I wonder if the test needs SYMLINKS
special treatment though?

Stefan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-26 23:39       ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-27  0:15         ` Stefan Beller
@ 2017-07-27  0:18         ` Jonathan Nieder
  2017-07-27 11:12           ` Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-27 17:19         ` Junio C Hamano
  2021-05-31 14:18         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2017-07-27  0:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael Haggerty
  Cc: Junio C Hamano, Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy,
	Stefan Beller, Jeff King, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git, Dave Walker

Hi,

Michael Haggerty wrote:

> One of the tricks that `contrib/workdir/git-new-workdir` plays is to
> making `packed-refs` in the new workdir a symlink to the `packed-refs`
> file in the original repository. Before
> 42dfa7ecef ("commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from
> the lockfile", 2017-06-23), a lockfile was used as the staging file,
> and because the `LOCK_NO_DEREF` was not used, the pointed-to file was
> locked and modified.
>
> But after that commit, the staging file was created using a tempfile,
> with the end result that rewriting the `packed-refs` file in the
> workdir overwrote the symlink rather than the original `packed-refs`
> file.
>
> Change `commit_packed_refs()` to use `get_locked_file_path()` to find
> the path of the file that it should overwrite. Since that path was
> properly resolved when the lockfile was created, this restores the
> pre-42dfa7ecef behavior.
>
> Also add a test case to document this use case and prevent a
> regression like this from recurring.
>
> Signed-off-by: Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu>

Reported-by: Dave Walker <dawalker@google.com>

[...]
>  refs/packed-backend.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++------
>  t/t3210-pack-refs.sh  | 15 +++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

The patch looks good, except for one nit marked below (*).  I'll apply
it locally and ask people to test it, probably tomorrow morning.

Reviewed-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>

Thanks for writing it.  Patch left unsnipped for reference.

> diff --git a/refs/packed-backend.c b/refs/packed-backend.c
> index a28befbfa3..59e7d1a509 100644
> --- a/refs/packed-backend.c
> +++ b/refs/packed-backend.c
> @@ -610,19 +610,27 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
>  	struct packed_ref_cache *packed_ref_cache =
>  		get_packed_ref_cache(refs);
>  	int ok;
> +	int ret = -1;
>  	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
>  	FILE *out;
>  	struct ref_iterator *iter;
> +	char *packed_refs_path;
>  
>  	if (!is_lock_file_locked(&refs->lock))
>  		die("BUG: commit_packed_refs() called when unlocked");
>  
> -	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s.new", refs->path);
> +	/*
> +	 * If packed-refs is a symlink, we want to overwrite the
> +	 * symlinked-to file, not the symlink itself. Also, put the
> +	 * staging file next to it:
> +	 */
> +	packed_refs_path = get_locked_file_path(&refs->lock);
> +	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s.new", packed_refs_path);
>  	if (create_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, sb.buf) < 0) {
>  		strbuf_addf(err, "unable to create file %s: %s",
>  			    sb.buf, strerror(errno));
>  		strbuf_release(&sb);
> -		return -1;
> +		goto out;
>  	}
>  	strbuf_release(&sb);
>  
> @@ -660,17 +668,21 @@ int commit_packed_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, struct strbuf *err)
>  		goto error;
>  	}
>  
> -	if (rename_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, refs->path)) {
> +	if (rename_tempfile(&refs->tempfile, packed_refs_path)) {
>  		strbuf_addf(err, "error replacing %s: %s",
>  			    refs->path, strerror(errno));
> -		return -1;
> +		goto out;
>  	}
>  
> -	return 0;
> +	ret = 0;
> +	goto out;
>  
>  error:
>  	delete_tempfile(&refs->tempfile);
> -	return -1;
> +
> +out:
> +	free(packed_refs_path);
> +	return ret;
>  }
>  
>  /*
> diff --git a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> index 2bb4b25ed9..0d8a03e2a9 100755
> --- a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> +++ b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> @@ -238,4 +238,19 @@ test_expect_success 'retry acquiring packed-refs.lock' '
>  	git -c core.packedrefstimeout=3000 pack-refs --all --prune
>  '
>  
> +test_expect_success 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '

(*) Does this need a SYMLINKS prereq to avoid trouble on Windows?

> +	# First make sure that symlinking works when reading:
> +	git update-ref refs/heads/loosy refs/heads/master &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-before &&
> +	mv .git/packed-refs .git/my-deviant-packed-refs &&
> +	ln -s my-deviant-packed-refs .git/packed-refs &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-linked &&
> +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-linked &&
> +	git pack-refs --all --prune &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
> +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
> +	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
> +	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
> +'
> +
>  test_done

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-27  0:18         ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2017-07-27 11:12           ` Michael Haggerty
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-27 11:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jonathan Nieder, Stefan Beller
  Cc: Junio C Hamano, Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Jeff King,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, Git Mailing List, Dave Walker

Stefan, Jonathan: you're both right, the new test needs the SYMLINKS
prerequisite. Junio, would you mind adding that flag?

Thanks,
Michael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-26 23:39       ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Michael Haggerty
  2017-07-27  0:15         ` Stefan Beller
  2017-07-27  0:18         ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2017-07-27 17:19         ` Junio C Hamano
  2017-07-27 18:28           ` Jeff King
  2021-05-31 14:18         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2017-07-27 17:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael Haggerty
  Cc: Jonathan Nieder, Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy,
	Stefan Beller, Jeff King, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git

Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu> writes:

> Change `commit_packed_refs()` to use `get_locked_file_path()` to find
> the path of the file that it should overwrite. Since that path was
> properly resolved when the lockfile was created, this restores the
> pre-42dfa7ecef behavior.

Because when we take a lock hold_lock_file() eventually calls into
lock_file() which by default takes the lock on the target of the
symbolic link (which is the sensible default, which is triggered in
this codepath), so this change to use the name of that file is all
that is needed.

Makes sense.  Makes me wonder why we need a separate .new file
(instead of writing into the .lock instead), but that is a different
issue.

Thanks.  I'll do the SYMLINKS thing while queuing.

> diff --git a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> index 2bb4b25ed9..0d8a03e2a9 100755
> --- a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> +++ b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> @@ -238,4 +238,19 @@ test_expect_success 'retry acquiring packed-refs.lock' '
>  	git -c core.packedrefstimeout=3000 pack-refs --all --prune
>  '
>  
> +test_expect_success 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '
> +	# First make sure that symlinking works when reading:
> +	git update-ref refs/heads/loosy refs/heads/master &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-before &&
> +	mv .git/packed-refs .git/my-deviant-packed-refs &&
> +	ln -s my-deviant-packed-refs .git/packed-refs &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-linked &&
> +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-linked &&
> +	git pack-refs --all --prune &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
> +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
> +	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
> +	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
> +'
> +
>  test_done

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-27 17:19         ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2017-07-27 18:28           ` Jeff King
  2017-07-27 19:40             ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2017-07-27 18:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git

On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 10:19:48AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:

> Michael Haggerty <mhagger@alum.mit.edu> writes:
> 
> > Change `commit_packed_refs()` to use `get_locked_file_path()` to find
> > the path of the file that it should overwrite. Since that path was
> > properly resolved when the lockfile was created, this restores the
> > pre-42dfa7ecef behavior.
> 
> Because when we take a lock hold_lock_file() eventually calls into
> lock_file() which by default takes the lock on the target of the
> symbolic link (which is the sensible default, which is triggered in
> this codepath), so this change to use the name of that file is all
> that is needed.
> 
> Makes sense.  Makes me wonder why we need a separate .new file
> (instead of writing into the .lock instead), but that is a different
> issue.

It comes from 42dfa7ece (commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file
separate from the lockfile, 2017-06-23). That commit explains that we
want to be able to put the new contents into service before we release
the lock. But it doesn't say why that's useful.

I recall from past discussions that this will help close some races,
and e5cc7d7d2 (repack_without_refs(): don't lock or unlock the packed
refs, 2017-07-01) alludes to this. I think the races in question have to
do with holding the packed-refs lock while pruning the just-packed
files, but I'm having trouble digging up specifics in the archive.

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-27 18:28           ` Jeff King
@ 2017-07-27 19:40             ` Junio C Hamano
  2017-07-28  6:07               ` Michael Haggerty
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2017-07-27 19:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, git

Jeff King <peff@peff.net> writes:

> On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 10:19:48AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
>
>> Makes sense.  Makes me wonder why we need a separate .new file
>> (instead of writing into the .lock instead), but that is a different
>> issue.
>
> It comes from 42dfa7ece (commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file
> separate from the lockfile, 2017-06-23). That commit explains that we
> want to be able to put the new contents into service before we release
> the lock. But it doesn't say why that's useful.

By being able to hold the lock on packed-refs longer, I guess
something like this becomes possible:

 * hold the lock on packed-refs
 * hold the lock on loose ref A, B, C, ...
 * update packed-refs to include the freshest values of these refs
 * start serving packed-refs without releasing the lock
 * for X in A, B, C...: delete the loose ref X and unlock X
 * unlock the packed-refs

Other people racing with the sequence to recreate a loose ref that
is even fresher than the resulting packed-refs file, while we still
hold the lock on packed-refs, is perfectly OK.

But we must make sure our packed-refs is visible to others before
starting to delete and unlock the loose refs.

Hmph, but that is not a sufficient explanation.  I am not seeing
anything bad to happen if we unlock the packed-refs before deleting
loose refs that we have locks on, so there must be something else
that needs "new packed-refs is made visible way before we unlock it".

> I recall from past discussions that this will help close some races,
> and e5cc7d7d2 (repack_without_refs(): don't lock or unlock the packed
> refs, 2017-07-01) alludes to this. I think the races in question have to
> do with holding the packed-refs lock while pruning the just-packed
> files, but I'm having trouble digging up specifics in the archive.
>
> -Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-27 19:40             ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2017-07-28  6:07               ` Michael Haggerty
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Michael Haggerty @ 2017-07-28  6:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Jeff King, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, David Turner,
	Brandon Williams, Git Mailing List

On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 12:40 PM, Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> Jeff King <peff@peff.net> writes:
>
>> On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 10:19:48AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
>>
>>> Makes sense.  Makes me wonder why we need a separate .new file
>>> (instead of writing into the .lock instead), but that is a different
>>> issue.
>>
>> It comes from 42dfa7ece (commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file
>> separate from the lockfile, 2017-06-23). That commit explains that we
>> want to be able to put the new contents into service before we release
>> the lock. But it doesn't say why that's useful.
>
> By being able to hold the lock on packed-refs longer, I guess
> something like this becomes possible:
>
>  * hold the lock on packed-refs
>  * hold the lock on loose ref A, B, C, ...
>  * update packed-refs to include the freshest values of these refs
>  * start serving packed-refs without releasing the lock
>  * for X in A, B, C...: delete the loose ref X and unlock X
>  * unlock the packed-refs

Hmmm, I thought that I explained somewhere why this is useful, but I
can't find it now.

The code even after this patch series is

Prepare:
1. lock loose refs
Finish:
2. perform creates and updates of loose refs, releasing their locks as we go
3. perform deletes of loose refs
4. lock packed-refs file
5. repack_without_refs() (delete packed versions of refs to be deleted)
6. commit new packed-refs file (which also unlocks it)
7. release locks on loose refs that were deleted

This is problematic because after a loose reference is deleted, it
briefly (between steps 3 and 5) reveals any packed version of the
reference, which might even point at a commit that has been GCed. It
is even worse if the attempt to acquire the packed refs lock in step 4
fails, because then the repo could be left in that broken state.

Clearly we can avoid the second problem by acquiring the packed-refs
lock during the prepare phase. You might also attempt to fix the first
problem by deleting the references from the packed-refs file before we
delete the corresponding loose references:

Prepare:
1. lock loose refs
2. lock packed-refs file
Finish:
3. perform creates and updates of loose refs, releasing their locks as we go
4. repack_without_refs() (delete packed versions of refs to be deleted)
5. commit new packed-refs file (which also unlocks it)
6. perform deletes of loose refs
7. release locks on loose refs that were deleted

But now we have a different problem. pack-refs does the following:

A. lock packed-refs file
B. read loose refs
C. commit new packed-refs file (which also unlocks it)
Then, for each loose reference that should be pruned, delete it in a
transaction with REF_ISPRUNING, which means:
D. lock the loose reference
E. lock packed-refs file
F. check that the reference's value is the same as the value just
written to packed-refs
G. delete the loose ref file if it still exists
H. unlock the loose reference

If a reference deletion is running at the same time as a pack-refs,
you could have a race where steps A and B of a pack-refs run between
steps 5 and 6 of a reference deletion. The pack-refs would see the
loose reference and would pack it into the packed-refs file, leaving
the reference at its old value even though the user was told that the
reference was deleted.

If a new packed-refs file can be activated while retaining the lock on
the file, then a reference update could keep the packed-refs file
locked during step 6 of the second algorithm, which would block step A
of pack-refs from beginning.

I have the feeling that there might be other, more improbably races
lurking here, too.

The eternal problems with races in the files backend is a main reason
that I'm enthusiastic about the reftable proposal.

Michael

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2017-07-26 23:39       ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Michael Haggerty
                           ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2017-07-27 17:19         ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2021-05-31 14:18         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  2021-06-03 19:39           ` Jeff King
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason @ 2021-05-31 14:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael Haggerty
  Cc: Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller, Jeff King,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git


On Wed, Jul 26 2017, Michael Haggerty wrote:

> [...]
> +test_expect_success 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '
> +	# First make sure that symlinking works when reading:
> +	git update-ref refs/heads/loosy refs/heads/master &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-before &&
> +	mv .git/packed-refs .git/my-deviant-packed-refs &&
> +	ln -s my-deviant-packed-refs .git/packed-refs &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-linked &&
> +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-linked &&
> +	git pack-refs --all --prune &&
> +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
> +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
> +	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
> +	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
> +'

FWIW this broke tests on AIX because we can't assume readlink(1) exists
at all. See d2addc3b96 (t7800: readlink may not be available,
2016-05-31) for a workaround.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2021-05-31 14:18         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
@ 2021-06-03 19:39           ` Jeff King
  2021-06-03 19:58             ` [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1) Jeff King
                               ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2021-06-03 19:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git

On Mon, May 31, 2021 at 04:18:46PM +0200, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:

> 
> On Wed, Jul 26 2017, Michael Haggerty wrote:
> 
> > [...]
> > +test_expect_success 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '
> > +	# First make sure that symlinking works when reading:
> > +	git update-ref refs/heads/loosy refs/heads/master &&
> > +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-before &&
> > +	mv .git/packed-refs .git/my-deviant-packed-refs &&
> > +	ln -s my-deviant-packed-refs .git/packed-refs &&
> > +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-linked &&
> > +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-linked &&
> > +	git pack-refs --all --prune &&
> > +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
> > +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
> > +	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
> > +	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
> > +'
> 
> FWIW this broke tests on AIX because we can't assume readlink(1) exists
> at all. See d2addc3b96 (t7800: readlink may not be available,
> 2016-05-31) for a workaround.

Hmm. So obviously we can use a fix similar to the one in t7800 (though
it's sufficiently complicated that I'd be tempted to wrap it in a helper
function). There are a few other calls that could be changed, too.

But it's interesting to me that it sounds like the tests have been
broken on AIX for 4 years, and nobody noticed. I assume you ran into
this on the gcc build-farm machines. Our traditional approach for
portability has been: if somebody is using the platform and cares enough
to submit patches, then we'll support it. But testing on the build-farm
means preemptively finding these problems, whether anyone actually cares
about AIX or not. :)

I'm not really arguing either way here, just thinking out loud.

Preemptively finding portability problems may save work in the long
term. And people may even be using Git on AIX and just ignoring test
failures, or they have GNU coreutils installed anyway, etc. But it would
also save work if we can ignore platforms that nobody uses.

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1)
  2021-06-03 19:39           ` Jeff King
@ 2021-06-03 19:58             ` Jeff King
  2021-06-04 21:09               ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  2021-06-03 20:23             ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Felipe Contreras
  2021-06-04 21:12             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2021-06-03 19:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, David Turner, git

On Thu, Jun 03, 2021 at 03:39:53PM -0400, Jeff King wrote:

> > FWIW this broke tests on AIX because we can't assume readlink(1) exists
> > at all. See d2addc3b96 (t7800: readlink may not be available,
> > 2016-05-31) for a workaround.
> 
> Hmm. So obviously we can use a fix similar to the one in t7800 (though
> it's sufficiently complicated that I'd be tempted to wrap it in a helper
> function). There are a few other calls that could be changed, too.

Here's a patch to do that. Can you confirm that it fixes your test
failure?

-- >8 --
Subject: [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1)

Not all systems have a readlink program available for use by the shell.
This causes t3210 to fail on at least AIX. Let's provide a perl
one-liner to do the same thing, and use it there.

I also updated calls in t9802. Nobody reported failure there, but it's
the same issue. Presumably nobody actually tests with p4 on AIX in the
first place (if it is even available there).

I left the use of readlink in the "--valgrind" setup in test-lib.sh, as
valgrind isn't available on exotic platforms anyway (and I didn't want
to increase dependencies between test-lib.sh and test-lib-functions.sh).

There's one other curious case. Commit d2addc3b96 (t7800: readlink may
not be available, 2016-05-31) fixed a similar case. We can't use our
wrapper function there, though, as it's inside a sub-script triggered by
Git. It uses a slightly different technique ("ls" piped to "sed"). I
chose not to use that here as it gives confusing "ls -l" output if the
file is unexpectedly not a symlink (which is OK for its limited use, but
potentially confusing for general use within the test suite). The perl
version emits the empty string.

Reported-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
---
 t/t3210-pack-refs.sh       | 2 +-
 t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh | 4 ++--
 t/test-lib-functions.sh    | 6 ++++++
 3 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
index 3b7cdc56ec..577f32dc71 100755
--- a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
+++ b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
@@ -253,7 +253,7 @@ test_expect_success SYMLINKS 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '
 	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
 	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
 	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
-	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
+	test "$(test_readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
 '
 
 test_done
diff --git a/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh b/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh
index 94edebe272..19073c6e9f 100755
--- a/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh
+++ b/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh
@@ -263,7 +263,7 @@ test_expect_success SYMLINKS 'ensure p4 symlink parsed correctly' '
 	(
 		cd "$git" &&
 		test -L symlink &&
-		test $(readlink symlink) = symlink-target
+		test $(test_readlink symlink) = symlink-target
 	)
 '
 
@@ -329,7 +329,7 @@ test_expect_success SYMLINKS 'empty symlink target' '
 	git p4 clone --dest="$git" //depot@all &&
 	(
 		cd "$git" &&
-		test $(readlink empty-symlink) = target2
+		test $(test_readlink empty-symlink) = target2
 	)
 '
 
diff --git a/t/test-lib-functions.sh b/t/test-lib-functions.sh
index b823c14027..661f376077 100644
--- a/t/test-lib-functions.sh
+++ b/t/test-lib-functions.sh
@@ -1692,3 +1692,9 @@ test_region () {
 
 	return 0
 }
+
+# Print the destination of symlink(s) provided as arguments. Basically
+# the same as the readlink command, but it's not available everywhere.
+test_readlink () {
+	perl -le 'print readlink($_) for @ARGV' "$@"
+}
-- 
2.32.0.rc3.525.gfa939c0632


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2021-06-03 19:39           ` Jeff King
  2021-06-03 19:58             ` [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1) Jeff King
@ 2021-06-03 20:23             ` Felipe Contreras
  2021-06-03 21:08               ` Jeff King
  2021-06-04 21:12             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Felipe Contreras @ 2021-06-03 20:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git

Jeff King wrote:
> Preemptively finding portability problems may save work in the long
> term. And people may even be using Git on AIX and just ignoring test
> failures, or they have GNU coreutils installed anyway, etc. But it would
> also save work if we can ignore platforms that nobody uses.

I agree, but the Git project is overly preoccupied (IMO) with
hypothetical issues some hypothetical users might have in some
hypothetical situations, and that is used as a rationale to block changes
that would improve the experience of the vast majority of users.

This is not a hypothetical issue, and yet you are suggesting to
discount it?

I don't disagree, but this is not consistent.

Either we preoccupy ourselves with obscure issues that will probably not
affect anyone in the real world, or we don't.

In my opinion it's perfectly sensible to let a few potential issues
slide by, and only worry seriously about them when a real user reports a
real problem.

Cheers.

-- 
Felipe Contreras

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2021-06-03 20:23             ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Felipe Contreras
@ 2021-06-03 21:08               ` Jeff King
  2021-06-03 22:25                 ` Felipe Contreras
  2021-06-04 21:37                 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2021-06-03 21:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Felipe Contreras
  Cc: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, Michael Haggerty,
	Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git

On Thu, Jun 03, 2021 at 03:23:02PM -0500, Felipe Contreras wrote:

> Jeff King wrote:
> > Preemptively finding portability problems may save work in the long
> > term. And people may even be using Git on AIX and just ignoring test
> > failures, or they have GNU coreutils installed anyway, etc. But it would
> > also save work if we can ignore platforms that nobody uses.
> 
> I agree, but the Git project is overly preoccupied (IMO) with
> hypothetical issues some hypothetical users might have in some
> hypothetical situations, and that is used as a rationale to block changes
> that would improve the experience of the vast majority of users.
> 
> This is not a hypothetical issue, and yet you are suggesting to
> discount it?
> 
> I don't disagree, but this is not consistent.

I don't think they're the same issue at all. One is: we have millions of
users, and this change may affect some of them negatively, so we may
want to err on the side of caution. The other is: this has been
accidentally broken for four years and nobody complained, so perhaps
nobody is actually using it.

You may also note that I did in fact produce a patch.

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2021-06-03 21:08               ` Jeff King
@ 2021-06-03 22:25                 ` Felipe Contreras
  2021-06-04 21:37                 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Felipe Contreras @ 2021-06-03 22:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King, Felipe Contreras
  Cc: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason, Michael Haggerty,
	Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git

Jeff King wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 03, 2021 at 03:23:02PM -0500, Felipe Contreras wrote:
> 
> > Jeff King wrote:
> > > Preemptively finding portability problems may save work in the long
> > > term. And people may even be using Git on AIX and just ignoring test
> > > failures, or they have GNU coreutils installed anyway, etc. But it would
> > > also save work if we can ignore platforms that nobody uses.
> > 
> > I agree, but the Git project is overly preoccupied (IMO) with
> > hypothetical issues some hypothetical users might have in some
> > hypothetical situations, and that is used as a rationale to block changes
> > that would improve the experience of the vast majority of users.
> > 
> > This is not a hypothetical issue, and yet you are suggesting to
> > discount it?
> > 
> > I don't disagree, but this is not consistent.
> 
> I don't think they're the same issue at all.

> One is: we have millions of users, and this change may affect some of
> them negatively, so we may want to err on the side of caution.

This language may sound nice, but it doesn't match the behavior, which is
much more akin to "this change may affect some of them negatively,
therefore we must tune it forever so it never actually happens".

Few people would object to erring on the side of caution.

> The other is: this has been accidentally broken for four years and
> nobody complained, so perhaps nobody is actually using it.

Yes, maybe. Or maybe they haven't reported it yet.

Either way I was confusing this issue with another one. This one does
seem much less serious than I was thinking.

Cheers.

-- 
Felipe Contreras

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1)
  2021-06-03 19:58             ` [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1) Jeff King
@ 2021-06-04 21:09               ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason @ 2021-06-04 21:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, David Turner, git


On Thu, Jun 03 2021, Jeff King wrote:

> On Thu, Jun 03, 2021 at 03:39:53PM -0400, Jeff King wrote:
>
>> > FWIW this broke tests on AIX because we can't assume readlink(1) exists
>> > at all. See d2addc3b96 (t7800: readlink may not be available,
>> > 2016-05-31) for a workaround.
>> 
>> Hmm. So obviously we can use a fix similar to the one in t7800 (though
>> it's sufficiently complicated that I'd be tempted to wrap it in a helper
>> function). There are a few other calls that could be changed, too.
>
> Here's a patch to do that. Can you confirm that it fixes your test
> failure?

It does, thanks, t3210*.sh is broken on current master on AIX, fixed
with this patch. I don't have p4 on that machine (or any box I hack on),
so I can't test t9802*.sh.

> -- >8 --
> Subject: [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1)
>
> Not all systems have a readlink program available for use by the shell.
> This causes t3210 to fail on at least AIX. Let's provide a perl
> one-liner to do the same thing, and use it there.
>
> I also updated calls in t9802. Nobody reported failure there, but it's
> the same issue. Presumably nobody actually tests with p4 on AIX in the
> first place (if it is even available there).
>
> I left the use of readlink in the "--valgrind" setup in test-lib.sh, as
> valgrind isn't available on exotic platforms anyway (and I didn't want
> to increase dependencies between test-lib.sh and test-lib-functions.sh).
>
> There's one other curious case. Commit d2addc3b96 (t7800: readlink may
> not be available, 2016-05-31) fixed a similar case. We can't use our
> wrapper function there, though, as it's inside a sub-script triggered by
> Git. It uses a slightly different technique ("ls" piped to "sed"). I
> chose not to use that here as it gives confusing "ls -l" output if the
> file is unexpectedly not a symlink (which is OK for its limited use, but
> potentially confusing for general use within the test suite). The perl
> version emits the empty string.
>
> Reported-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
> ---
>  t/t3210-pack-refs.sh       | 2 +-
>  t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh | 4 ++--
>  t/test-lib-functions.sh    | 6 ++++++
>  3 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> index 3b7cdc56ec..577f32dc71 100755
> --- a/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> +++ b/t/t3210-pack-refs.sh
> @@ -253,7 +253,7 @@ test_expect_success SYMLINKS 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '
>  	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
>  	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
>  	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
> -	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
> +	test "$(test_readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
>  '
>  
>  test_done
> diff --git a/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh b/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh
> index 94edebe272..19073c6e9f 100755
> --- a/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh
> +++ b/t/t9802-git-p4-filetype.sh
> @@ -263,7 +263,7 @@ test_expect_success SYMLINKS 'ensure p4 symlink parsed correctly' '
>  	(
>  		cd "$git" &&
>  		test -L symlink &&
> -		test $(readlink symlink) = symlink-target
> +		test $(test_readlink symlink) = symlink-target
>  	)
>  '
>  
> @@ -329,7 +329,7 @@ test_expect_success SYMLINKS 'empty symlink target' '
>  	git p4 clone --dest="$git" //depot@all &&
>  	(
>  		cd "$git" &&
> -		test $(readlink empty-symlink) = target2
> +		test $(test_readlink empty-symlink) = target2
>  	)
>  '
>  
> diff --git a/t/test-lib-functions.sh b/t/test-lib-functions.sh
> index b823c14027..661f376077 100644
> --- a/t/test-lib-functions.sh
> +++ b/t/test-lib-functions.sh
> @@ -1692,3 +1692,9 @@ test_region () {
>  
>  	return 0
>  }
> +
> +# Print the destination of symlink(s) provided as arguments. Basically
> +# the same as the readlink command, but it's not available everywhere.
> +test_readlink () {
> +	perl -le 'print readlink($_) for @ARGV' "$@"
> +}


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2021-06-03 19:39           ` Jeff King
  2021-06-03 19:58             ` [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1) Jeff King
  2021-06-03 20:23             ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Felipe Contreras
@ 2021-06-04 21:12             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason @ 2021-06-04 21:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King
  Cc: Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, git, Michael Felt


On Thu, Jun 03 2021, Jeff King wrote:

> On Mon, May 31, 2021 at 04:18:46PM +0200, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:
>
>> 
>> On Wed, Jul 26 2017, Michael Haggerty wrote:
>> 
>> > [...]
>> > +test_expect_success 'pack symlinked packed-refs' '
>> > +	# First make sure that symlinking works when reading:
>> > +	git update-ref refs/heads/loosy refs/heads/master &&
>> > +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-before &&
>> > +	mv .git/packed-refs .git/my-deviant-packed-refs &&
>> > +	ln -s my-deviant-packed-refs .git/packed-refs &&
>> > +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-linked &&
>> > +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-linked &&
>> > +	git pack-refs --all --prune &&
>> > +	git for-each-ref >all-refs-packed &&
>> > +	test_cmp all-refs-before all-refs-packed &&
>> > +	test -h .git/packed-refs &&
>> > +	test "$(readlink .git/packed-refs)" = "my-deviant-packed-refs"
>> > +'
>> 
>> FWIW this broke tests on AIX because we can't assume readlink(1) exists
>> at all. See d2addc3b96 (t7800: readlink may not be available,
>> 2016-05-31) for a workaround.
>
> Hmm. So obviously we can use a fix similar to the one in t7800 (though
> it's sufficiently complicated that I'd be tempted to wrap it in a helper
> function). There are a few other calls that could be changed, too.
>
> But it's interesting to me that it sounds like the tests have been
> broken on AIX for 4 years, and nobody noticed. I assume you ran into
> this on the gcc build-farm machines. Our traditional approach for
> portability has been: if somebody is using the platform and cares enough
> to submit patches, then we'll support it. But testing on the build-farm
> means preemptively finding these problems, whether anyone actually cares
> about AIX or not. :)
>
> I'm not really arguing either way here, just thinking out loud.
>
> Preemptively finding portability problems may save work in the long
> term. And people may even be using Git on AIX and just ignoring test
> failures, or they have GNU coreutils installed anyway, etc. But it would
> also save work if we can ignore platforms that nobody uses.

I believe that the main packager for AIX is Michael Felt (CC'd). He's
occasionally posted here on-list, e.g. at [1], the package is at [2].

I think in the grand scheme of things if we break things completely for
IBM xlc and/or Oracle's C compiler git won't be that much worse
off. Plenty of third party packages for those platforms simply use the
full GNU toolchain.

From memory the most commonly used package for Solaris is built with the
full GNU toolchain, so in that sense portability to that platform isn't
a practical issue.

I just send patches for these as part of doing rc-phase testing on the
GCC farm to see if anything's broken since the last release. Issues we
have on OSX, Linux, Windows etc. tend to be resolved already, which
leaves more obscure issues on these platforms.

I've said before that I do think that porting to "obscure" platforms
like those has some value in itself, even now there's e.g. C compiler
warnings on those proprietary compilers that cover blind spots that
neither gcc nor clang have. Often they're false alarms, but there's the
occasional gold nuggets in there.

E.g. I have some post-release patches queued up for fixing various cmd_*
functions of ours to use "return" instead of "exit(code)". Even though
they return "int" neither GCC nor Clang complain about the early exit,
but SunCC does. As a result we don't run the usual teardown in git.c for
some built-ins.

I was trying to get AIX in particular to the point of passing 100% a
while ago, but sort of lost steam with Junio not wanting to take my
patches at [3].

Without those re-running the tests usually takes manual intervention on
the box, so and since my usual test setup is more of a fire-and-forget
affair I mostly stopped bothering with the AIX box as a result...

1. https://lore.kernel.org/git/1200106e-b75d-5b15-0608-427cd923578a@felt.demon.nl/
2. http://www.aixtools.net/index.php/git
3. https://lore.kernel.org/git/patch-1.6-3330cdbccc0-20210329T161723Z-avarab@gmail.com/

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2021-06-03 21:08               ` Jeff King
  2021-06-03 22:25                 ` Felipe Contreras
@ 2021-06-04 21:37                 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  2021-06-05  1:07                   ` Felipe Contreras
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 52+ messages in thread
From: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason @ 2021-06-04 21:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King
  Cc: Felipe Contreras, Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano,
	Jonathan Nieder, Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy,
	Stefan Beller, David Turner, Brandon Williams, git


On Thu, Jun 03 2021, Jeff King wrote:

> On Thu, Jun 03, 2021 at 03:23:02PM -0500, Felipe Contreras wrote:
>
>> Jeff King wrote:
>> > Preemptively finding portability problems may save work in the long
>> > term. And people may even be using Git on AIX and just ignoring test
>> > failures, or they have GNU coreutils installed anyway, etc. But it would
>> > also save work if we can ignore platforms that nobody uses.
>> 
>> I agree, but the Git project is overly preoccupied (IMO) with
>> hypothetical issues some hypothetical users might have in some
>> hypothetical situations, and that is used as a rationale to block changes
>> that would improve the experience of the vast majority of users.
>> 
>> This is not a hypothetical issue, and yet you are suggesting to
>> discount it?
>> 
>> I don't disagree, but this is not consistent.
>
> I don't think they're the same issue at all. One is: we have millions of
> users, and this change may affect some of them negatively, so we may
> want to err on the side of caution. The other is: this has been
> accidentally broken for four years and nobody complained, so perhaps
> nobody is actually using it.

Aside from AIX I think you're assuming less of a cowboy attitude among
packagers of these platforms than is the reality in the wild :)

I mean I don't blame them, git's just one thing they're packaging, and
e.g. on the BSD's or whatever this is just the Nth
Linux-toolchain-specific smelling test failure or issue they have that
day.

I have some incomplete work somewhere to slurp up all the package
sources I could find in the wild (SRPM's, Debian recipies etc.) and
their patches, the aim was to submit it into contrib/ so we could see
what monkeypatches to git.git existed in the wild.

Last time I looked at those (and this is from memory, and it was a while
ago) many of those patches / build recipies were simply blindly skipping
or otherwise working around test failures.

So we can't assume that failures in the wild are reported to us, and I
think many packagers are not running any of our tests at all. If it
compiles and seems to work they're probably just shipping it.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink
  2021-06-04 21:37                 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
@ 2021-06-05  1:07                   ` Felipe Contreras
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 52+ messages in thread
From: Felipe Contreras @ 2021-06-05  1:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
  Cc: Jeff King, Michael Haggerty, Junio C Hamano, Jonathan Nieder,
	Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy, Stefan Beller,
	David Turner, Brandon Williams, Git

On Fri, Jun 4, 2021 at 4:42 PM Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 03 2021, Jeff King wrote:

> I have some incomplete work somewhere to slurp up all the package
> sources I could find in the wild (SRPM's, Debian recipies etc.) and
> their patches, the aim was to submit it into contrib/ so we could see
> what monkeypatches to git.git existed in the wild.
>
> Last time I looked at those (and this is from memory, and it was a while
> ago) many of those patches / build recipies were simply blindly skipping
> or otherwise working around test failures.
>
> So we can't assume that failures in the wild are reported to us, and I
> think many packagers are not running any of our tests at all. If it
> compiles and seems to work they're probably just shipping it.

Arch Linux boasts of following upstream as closely as possible, I
looked at their build instructions for the umpteenth time to see if I
could find anything interesting. While they don't have patches, they
do have NO_SVN_TESTS=y (plus a bunch of `cp contrib/*`).

So I don't think any packager can just blindly trust the Git project
to do the sensible thing here. Who uses subversion anymore? And who
that still uses subversion wants or needs git-svn? And why would
failing any of these break the release?

Maybe we need some "test-packager" target that limits the tests to
something sensible. Ideally it should be the other way around:
packagers run `make test`, and developers `make test-developer`. But
that's a bigger discussion.

Cheers.

-- 
Felipe Contreras

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 52+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-06-05  1:07 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 52+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2017-07-01 18:30 [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 01/30] t1408: add a test of stale packed refs covered by loose refs Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 02/30] add_packed_ref(): teach function to overwrite existing refs Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 03/30] packed_ref_store: new struct Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 04/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_path` here Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 05/30] packed_ref_store: move `packed_refs_lock` member here Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 06/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): take a `packed_ref_store *` parameter Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 07/30] validate_packed_ref_cache(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 08/30] get_packed_ref_cache(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 09/30] get_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 10/30] add_packed_ref(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 11/30] lock_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 12/30] commit_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 13/30] rollback_packed_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 14/30] get_packed_ref(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 15/30] repack_without_refs(): " Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 16/30] packed_peel_ref(): new function, extracted from `files_peel_ref()` Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 17/30] packed_ref_store: support iteration Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 18/30] packed_read_raw_ref(): new function, replacing `resolve_packed_ref()` Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 19/30] packed-backend: new module for handling packed references Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 20/30] packed_ref_store: make class into a subclass of `ref_store` Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:30 ` [PATCH v3 21/30] commit_packed_refs(): report errors rather than dying Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 22/30] commit_packed_refs(): use a staging file separate from the lockfile Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 23/30] packed_refs_lock(): function renamed from lock_packed_refs() Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 24/30] packed_refs_lock(): report errors via a `struct strbuf *err` Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 25/30] packed_refs_unlock(), packed_refs_is_locked(): new functions Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 26/30] clear_packed_ref_cache(): don't protest if the lock is held Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 27/30] commit_packed_refs(): remove call to `packed_refs_unlock()` Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 28/30] repack_without_refs(): don't lock or unlock the packed refs Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 29/30] t3210: add some tests of bogus packed-refs file contents Michael Haggerty
2017-07-01 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 30/30] read_packed_refs(): die if `packed-refs` contains bogus data Michael Haggerty
2017-07-05  9:12 ` [PATCH v3 00/30] Create a reference backend for packed refs Jeff King
2017-07-20 23:05   ` Stefan Beller
2017-07-20 23:20     ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-07-26 23:39       ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Michael Haggerty
2017-07-27  0:15         ` Stefan Beller
2017-07-27  0:18         ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-07-27 11:12           ` Michael Haggerty
2017-07-27 17:19         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-07-27 18:28           ` Jeff King
2017-07-27 19:40             ` Junio C Hamano
2017-07-28  6:07               ` Michael Haggerty
2021-05-31 14:18         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-06-03 19:39           ` Jeff King
2021-06-03 19:58             ` [PATCH] t: use portable wrapper for readlink(1) Jeff King
2021-06-04 21:09               ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-06-03 20:23             ` [PATCH] packed_ref_store: handle a packed-refs file that is a symlink Felipe Contreras
2021-06-03 21:08               ` Jeff King
2021-06-03 22:25                 ` Felipe Contreras
2021-06-04 21:37                 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-06-05  1:07                   ` Felipe Contreras
2021-06-04 21:12             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason

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