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* [PATCH v10 0/6] add support for relative references in special sections
@ 2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Arnd Bergmann, Kees Cook, Will Deacon,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Garnier, Thomas Gleixner,
	Serge E. Hallyn, Bjorn Helgaas, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Russell King, Paul Mackerras, Catalin Marinas, Petr Mladek,
	Ingo Molnar, James Morris, Andrew Morton, Nicolas Pitre,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Steven Rostedt, Sergey Senozhatsky,
	Linus Torvalds, Jessica Yu, linux-arm-kernel, linuxppc-dev, x86

This adds support for emitting special sections such as initcall arrays,
PCI fixups and tracepoints as relative references rather than absolute
references. This reduces the size by 50% on 64-bit architectures, but
more importantly, it removes the need for carrying relocation metadata
for these sections in relocatable kernels (e.g., for KASLR) that needs
to be fixed up at boot time. On arm64, this reduces the vmlinux footprint
of such a reference by 8x (8 byte absolute reference + 24 byte RELA entry
vs 4 byte relative reference)

Patch #3 was sent out before as a single patch. This series supersedes
the previous submission. This version makes relative ksymtab entries
dependent on the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS rather
than trying to infer from kbuild test robot replies for which architectures
it should be blacklisted.

Patch #1 introduces the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS,
and sets it for the main architectures that are expected to benefit the
most from this feature, i.e., 64-bit architectures or ones that use
runtime relocations.

Patch #2 add support for #define'ing __DISABLE_EXPORTS to get rid of
ksymtab/kcrctab sections in decompressor and EFI stub objects when
rebuilding existing C files to run in a different context.

Patches #4 - #6 implement relative references for initcalls, PCI fixups
and tracepoints, respectively, all of which produce sections with order
~1000 entries on an arm64 defconfig kernel with tracing enabled. This
means we save about 28 KB of vmlinux space for each of these patches.

[From the v7 series blurb, which included the jump_label patches as well]:
  For the arm64 kernel, all patches combined reduce the memory footprint of
  vmlinux by about 1.3 MB (using a config copied from Ubuntu that has KASLR
  enabled), of which ~1 MB is the size reduction of the RELA section in .init,
  and the remaining 300 KB is reduction of .text/.data.

Branch:
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ardb/linux.git relative-special-sections-v10

Andrew, this series now has all the prerequisite acks in place. Could you please
take this through the -mm tree? Thanks.

Changes since v9:
- use .discard.addressable section (not .discard) for emitting dummy symbol
  references, to work around a build issue on powerpc
- add acks from Michael, Ingo, Will, James, Petr and Sergey

Changes since v8:
- add Nico's ack (#2)
- drop 'const' qualifier from __ADDRESSABLE(sym) to prevent mismatching
  attributes for the .discard section (#3)
- drop all uses of VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(), which is on its way out (#3 - #6)

Changes since v7:
- dropped the jump_label patches, these will be revisited in a separate series
- reorder __DISABLE_EXPORTS with __KSYM_DEPS__ check in #2
- use offset_to_ptr() helper function to abstract the relative pointer
  conversion [int *off -> (ulong)off + *off] (#3 - #6)
- rebase onto v4.16-rc3

Changes since v6:
- drop S390 from patch #1 introducing HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS: kbuild
  robot threw me some s390 curveballs, and given that s390 does not define
  CONFIG_RELOCATABLE in the first place, it does not benefit as much from
  relative references as arm64, x86 and power do
- add patch to allow symbol exports to be disabled at compilation unit
  granularity (#2)
- get rid of arm64 vmlinux.lds.S hunk to ensure code generated by __ADDRESSABLE
  gets discarded from the EFI stub - it is no longer needed after adding #2 (#1)
- change _ADDRESSABLE() to emit a data reference, not a code reference - this
  is another simplification made possible by patch #2 (#3)
- add Steven's ack to #6
- split x86 jump_label patch into two (#9, #10)

Changes since v5:
- add missing jump_label prototypes to s390 jump_label.h (#6)
- fix inverted condition in call to jump_entry_is_module_init() (#6)

Changes since v4:
- add patches to convert x86 and arm64 to use relative references for jump
  tables (#6 - #8)
- rename PCI patch and add Bjorn's ack (#4)
- rebase onto v4.15-rc5

Changes since v3:
- fix module unload issue in patch #5 reported by Jessica, by reusing the
  updated routine for_each_tracepoint_range() for the quiescent check at
  module unload time; this requires this routine to be moved before
  tracepoint_module_going() in kernel/tracepoint.c
- add Jessica's ack to #2
- rebase onto v4.14-rc1

Changes since v2:
- Revert my slightly misguided attempt to appease checkpatch, which resulted
  in needless churn and worse code. This v3 is based on v1 with a few tweaks
  that were actually reasonable checkpatch warnings: unnecessary braces (as
  pointed out by Ingo) and other minor whitespace misdemeanors.

Changes since v1:
- Remove checkpatch errors to the extent feasible: in some cases, this
  involves moving extern declarations into C files, and switching to
  struct definitions rather than typedefs. Some errors are impossible
  to fix: please find the remaining ones after the diffstat.
- Used 'int' instead if 'signed int' for the various offset fields: there
  is no ambiguity between architectures regarding its signedness (unlike
  'char')
- Refactor the different patches to be more uniform in the way they define
  the section entry type and accessors in the .h file, and avoid the need to
  add #ifdefs to the C code.

Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>
Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>

Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: x86@kernel.org

Ard Biesheuvel (6):
  arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86
  module: allow symbol exports to be disabled
  module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries
  init: allow initcall tables to be emitted using relative references
  PCI: Add support for relative addressing in quirk tables
  kernel: tracepoints: add support for relative references

 arch/Kconfig                          | 10 ++++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                    |  1 +
 arch/powerpc/Kconfig                  |  1 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig                      |  1 +
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c      |  5 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild           |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/export.h         |  5 --
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile |  3 +-
 drivers/pci/quirks.c                  | 12 +++--
 include/asm-generic/export.h          | 12 ++++-
 include/linux/compiler.h              | 19 +++++++
 include/linux/export.h                | 57 +++++++++++++++-----
 include/linux/init.h                  | 44 +++++++++++----
 include/linux/pci.h                   | 20 +++++++
 include/linux/tracepoint.h            | 19 +++++--
 init/main.c                           | 32 +++++------
 kernel/module.c                       | 32 ++++++++---
 kernel/printk/printk.c                | 16 +++---
 kernel/tracepoint.c                   | 49 +++++++++--------
 security/security.c                   | 17 +++---
 20 files changed, 255 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/export.h

-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 0/6] add support for relative references in special sections
@ 2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel

This adds support for emitting special sections such as initcall arrays,
PCI fixups and tracepoints as relative references rather than absolute
references. This reduces the size by 50% on 64-bit architectures, but
more importantly, it removes the need for carrying relocation metadata
for these sections in relocatable kernels (e.g., for KASLR) that needs
to be fixed up at boot time. On arm64, this reduces the vmlinux footprint
of such a reference by 8x (8 byte absolute reference + 24 byte RELA entry
vs 4 byte relative reference)

Patch #3 was sent out before as a single patch. This series supersedes
the previous submission. This version makes relative ksymtab entries
dependent on the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS rather
than trying to infer from kbuild test robot replies for which architectures
it should be blacklisted.

Patch #1 introduces the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS,
and sets it for the main architectures that are expected to benefit the
most from this feature, i.e., 64-bit architectures or ones that use
runtime relocations.

Patch #2 add support for #define'ing __DISABLE_EXPORTS to get rid of
ksymtab/kcrctab sections in decompressor and EFI stub objects when
rebuilding existing C files to run in a different context.

Patches #4 - #6 implement relative references for initcalls, PCI fixups
and tracepoints, respectively, all of which produce sections with order
~1000 entries on an arm64 defconfig kernel with tracing enabled. This
means we save about 28 KB of vmlinux space for each of these patches.

[From the v7 series blurb, which included the jump_label patches as well]:
  For the arm64 kernel, all patches combined reduce the memory footprint of
  vmlinux by about 1.3 MB (using a config copied from Ubuntu that has KASLR
  enabled), of which ~1 MB is the size reduction of the RELA section in .init,
  and the remaining 300 KB is reduction of .text/.data.

Branch:
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ardb/linux.git relative-special-sections-v10

Andrew, this series now has all the prerequisite acks in place. Could you please
take this through the -mm tree? Thanks.

Changes since v9:
- use .discard.addressable section (not .discard) for emitting dummy symbol
  references, to work around a build issue on powerpc
- add acks from Michael, Ingo, Will, James, Petr and Sergey

Changes since v8:
- add Nico's ack (#2)
- drop 'const' qualifier from __ADDRESSABLE(sym) to prevent mismatching
  attributes for the .discard section (#3)
- drop all uses of VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(), which is on its way out (#3 - #6)

Changes since v7:
- dropped the jump_label patches, these will be revisited in a separate series
- reorder __DISABLE_EXPORTS with __KSYM_DEPS__ check in #2
- use offset_to_ptr() helper function to abstract the relative pointer
  conversion [int *off -> (ulong)off + *off] (#3 - #6)
- rebase onto v4.16-rc3

Changes since v6:
- drop S390 from patch #1 introducing HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS: kbuild
  robot threw me some s390 curveballs, and given that s390 does not define
  CONFIG_RELOCATABLE in the first place, it does not benefit as much from
  relative references as arm64, x86 and power do
- add patch to allow symbol exports to be disabled at compilation unit
  granularity (#2)
- get rid of arm64 vmlinux.lds.S hunk to ensure code generated by __ADDRESSABLE
  gets discarded from the EFI stub - it is no longer needed after adding #2 (#1)
- change _ADDRESSABLE() to emit a data reference, not a code reference - this
  is another simplification made possible by patch #2 (#3)
- add Steven's ack to #6
- split x86 jump_label patch into two (#9, #10)

Changes since v5:
- add missing jump_label prototypes to s390 jump_label.h (#6)
- fix inverted condition in call to jump_entry_is_module_init() (#6)

Changes since v4:
- add patches to convert x86 and arm64 to use relative references for jump
  tables (#6 - #8)
- rename PCI patch and add Bjorn's ack (#4)
- rebase onto v4.15-rc5

Changes since v3:
- fix module unload issue in patch #5 reported by Jessica, by reusing the
  updated routine for_each_tracepoint_range() for the quiescent check at
  module unload time; this requires this routine to be moved before
  tracepoint_module_going() in kernel/tracepoint.c
- add Jessica's ack to #2
- rebase onto v4.14-rc1

Changes since v2:
- Revert my slightly misguided attempt to appease checkpatch, which resulted
  in needless churn and worse code. This v3 is based on v1 with a few tweaks
  that were actually reasonable checkpatch warnings: unnecessary braces (as
  pointed out by Ingo) and other minor whitespace misdemeanors.

Changes since v1:
- Remove checkpatch errors to the extent feasible: in some cases, this
  involves moving extern declarations into C files, and switching to
  struct definitions rather than typedefs. Some errors are impossible
  to fix: please find the remaining ones after the diffstat.
- Used 'int' instead if 'signed int' for the various offset fields: there
  is no ambiguity between architectures regarding its signedness (unlike
  'char')
- Refactor the different patches to be more uniform in the way they define
  the section entry type and accessors in the .h file, and avoid the need to
  add #ifdefs to the C code.

Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>
Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>

Cc: linux-arm-kernel at lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-kernel at vger.kernel.org
Cc: linuxppc-dev at lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: x86 at kernel.org

Ard Biesheuvel (6):
  arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86
  module: allow symbol exports to be disabled
  module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries
  init: allow initcall tables to be emitted using relative references
  PCI: Add support for relative addressing in quirk tables
  kernel: tracepoints: add support for relative references

 arch/Kconfig                          | 10 ++++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                    |  1 +
 arch/powerpc/Kconfig                  |  1 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig                      |  1 +
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c      |  5 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild           |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/export.h         |  5 --
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile |  3 +-
 drivers/pci/quirks.c                  | 12 +++--
 include/asm-generic/export.h          | 12 ++++-
 include/linux/compiler.h              | 19 +++++++
 include/linux/export.h                | 57 +++++++++++++++-----
 include/linux/init.h                  | 44 +++++++++++----
 include/linux/pci.h                   | 20 +++++++
 include/linux/tracepoint.h            | 19 +++++--
 init/main.c                           | 32 +++++------
 kernel/module.c                       | 32 ++++++++---
 kernel/printk/printk.c                | 16 +++---
 kernel/tracepoint.c                   | 49 +++++++++--------
 security/security.c                   | 17 +++---
 20 files changed, 255 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/export.h

-- 
2.17.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 1/6] arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86
  2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Arnd Bergmann, Kees Cook, Will Deacon,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Garnier, Thomas Gleixner,
	Serge E. Hallyn, Bjorn Helgaas, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Russell King, Paul Mackerras, Catalin Marinas, Petr Mladek,
	Ingo Molnar, James Morris, Andrew Morton, Nicolas Pitre,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Steven Rostedt, Sergey Senozhatsky,
	Linus Torvalds, Jessica Yu, linux-arm-kernel, linuxppc-dev, x86

Before updating certain subsystems to use place relative 32-bit
relocations in special sections, to save space and reduce the
number of absolute relocations that need to be processed at runtime
by relocatable kernels, introduce the Kconfig symbol and define it
for some architectures that should be able to support and benefit
from it.

Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 arch/Kconfig         | 10 ++++++++++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig   |  1 +
 arch/powerpc/Kconfig |  1 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig     |  1 +
 4 files changed, 13 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 1aa59063f1fd..2b8b70820002 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -971,4 +971,14 @@ config REFCOUNT_FULL
 	  against various use-after-free conditions that can be used in
 	  security flaw exploits.
 
+config HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	bool
+	help
+	  May be selected by an architecture if it supports place-relative
+	  32-bit relocations, both in the toolchain and in the module loader,
+	  in which case relative references can be used in special sections
+	  for PCI fixup, initcalls etc which are only half the size on 64 bit
+	  architectures, and don't require runtime relocation on relocatable
+	  kernels.
+
 source "kernel/gcov/Kconfig"
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 42c090cf0292..1940c6405d04 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -95,6 +95,7 @@ config ARM64
 	select HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS if COMPAT
+	select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
 	select HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST
 	select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
index 9f2b75fe2c2d..e4fe19789b8b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
@@ -177,6 +177,7 @@ config PPC
 	select HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS	if COMPAT
+	select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
 	select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
 	select HAVE_CBPF_JIT			if !PPC64
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index f1dbb4ee19d7..e10a3542db7e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -123,6 +123,7 @@ config X86
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS		if MMU
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS	if MMU && COMPAT
 	select HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES	if MMU && COMPAT
+	select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
 	select HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST
 	select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 1/6] arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel

Before updating certain subsystems to use place relative 32-bit
relocations in special sections, to save space and reduce the
number of absolute relocations that need to be processed at runtime
by relocatable kernels, introduce the Kconfig symbol and define it
for some architectures that should be able to support and benefit
from it.

Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 arch/Kconfig         | 10 ++++++++++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig   |  1 +
 arch/powerpc/Kconfig |  1 +
 arch/x86/Kconfig     |  1 +
 4 files changed, 13 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 1aa59063f1fd..2b8b70820002 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -971,4 +971,14 @@ config REFCOUNT_FULL
 	  against various use-after-free conditions that can be used in
 	  security flaw exploits.
 
+config HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	bool
+	help
+	  May be selected by an architecture if it supports place-relative
+	  32-bit relocations, both in the toolchain and in the module loader,
+	  in which case relative references can be used in special sections
+	  for PCI fixup, initcalls etc which are only half the size on 64 bit
+	  architectures, and don't require runtime relocation on relocatable
+	  kernels.
+
 source "kernel/gcov/Kconfig"
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 42c090cf0292..1940c6405d04 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -95,6 +95,7 @@ config ARM64
 	select HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS if COMPAT
+	select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
 	select HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST
 	select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
index 9f2b75fe2c2d..e4fe19789b8b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
@@ -177,6 +177,7 @@ config PPC
 	select HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS	if COMPAT
+	select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
 	select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
 	select HAVE_CBPF_JIT			if !PPC64
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index f1dbb4ee19d7..e10a3542db7e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -123,6 +123,7 @@ config X86
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS		if MMU
 	select HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS	if MMU && COMPAT
 	select HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES	if MMU && COMPAT
+	select HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
 	select HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
 	select HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST
 	select HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
-- 
2.17.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 2/6] module: allow symbol exports to be disabled
  2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Arnd Bergmann, Kees Cook, Will Deacon,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Garnier, Thomas Gleixner,
	Serge E. Hallyn, Bjorn Helgaas, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Russell King, Paul Mackerras, Catalin Marinas, Petr Mladek,
	Ingo Molnar, James Morris, Andrew Morton, Nicolas Pitre,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Steven Rostedt, Sergey Senozhatsky,
	Linus Torvalds, Jessica Yu, linux-arm-kernel, linuxppc-dev, x86

To allow existing C code to be incorporated into the decompressor or
the UEFI stub, introduce a CPP macro that turns all EXPORT_SYMBOL_xxx
declarations into nops, and #define it in places where such exports
are undesirable. Note that this gets rid of a rather dodgy redefine
of linux/export.h's header guard.

Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c      |  5 +----
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile |  3 ++-
 include/linux/export.h                | 11 ++++++++++-
 3 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
index b87a7582853d..ed7a123bba42 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
@@ -23,11 +23,8 @@
  * _ctype[] in lib/ctype.c is needed by isspace() of linux/ctype.h.
  * While both lib/ctype.c and lib/cmdline.c will bring EXPORT_SYMBOL
  * which is meaningless and will cause compiling error in some cases.
- * So do not include linux/export.h and define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
- * as empty.
  */
-#define _LINUX_EXPORT_H
-#define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
+#define __DISABLE_EXPORTS
 
 #include "misc.h"
 #include "error.h"
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
index a34e9290a699..0d0d3483241c 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
@@ -20,7 +20,8 @@ cflags-$(CONFIG_EFI_ARMSTUB)	+= -I$(srctree)/scripts/dtc/libfdt
 KBUILD_CFLAGS			:= $(cflags-y) -DDISABLE_BRANCH_PROFILING \
 				   -D__NO_FORTIFY \
 				   $(call cc-option,-ffreestanding) \
-				   $(call cc-option,-fno-stack-protector)
+				   $(call cc-option,-fno-stack-protector) \
+				   -D__DISABLE_EXPORTS
 
 GCOV_PROFILE			:= n
 KASAN_SANITIZE			:= n
diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
index b768d6dd3c90..ea7df303d68d 100644
--- a/include/linux/export.h
+++ b/include/linux/export.h
@@ -66,7 +66,16 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
 	__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used))	\
 	= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
 
-#if defined(__KSYM_DEPS__)
+#if defined(__DISABLE_EXPORTS)
+
+/*
+ * Allow symbol exports to be disabled completely so that C code may
+ * be reused in other execution contexts such as the UEFI stub or the
+ * decompressor.
+ */
+#define __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
+
+#elif defined(__KSYM_DEPS__)
 
 /*
  * For fine grained build dependencies, we want to tell the build system
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 2/6] module: allow symbol exports to be disabled
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel

To allow existing C code to be incorporated into the decompressor or
the UEFI stub, introduce a CPP macro that turns all EXPORT_SYMBOL_xxx
declarations into nops, and #define it in places where such exports
are undesirable. Note that this gets rid of a rather dodgy redefine
of linux/export.h's header guard.

Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c      |  5 +----
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile |  3 ++-
 include/linux/export.h                | 11 ++++++++++-
 3 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
index b87a7582853d..ed7a123bba42 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
@@ -23,11 +23,8 @@
  * _ctype[] in lib/ctype.c is needed by isspace() of linux/ctype.h.
  * While both lib/ctype.c and lib/cmdline.c will bring EXPORT_SYMBOL
  * which is meaningless and will cause compiling error in some cases.
- * So do not include linux/export.h and define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
- * as empty.
  */
-#define _LINUX_EXPORT_H
-#define EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
+#define __DISABLE_EXPORTS
 
 #include "misc.h"
 #include "error.h"
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
index a34e9290a699..0d0d3483241c 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
@@ -20,7 +20,8 @@ cflags-$(CONFIG_EFI_ARMSTUB)	+= -I$(srctree)/scripts/dtc/libfdt
 KBUILD_CFLAGS			:= $(cflags-y) -DDISABLE_BRANCH_PROFILING \
 				   -D__NO_FORTIFY \
 				   $(call cc-option,-ffreestanding) \
-				   $(call cc-option,-fno-stack-protector)
+				   $(call cc-option,-fno-stack-protector) \
+				   -D__DISABLE_EXPORTS
 
 GCOV_PROFILE			:= n
 KASAN_SANITIZE			:= n
diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
index b768d6dd3c90..ea7df303d68d 100644
--- a/include/linux/export.h
+++ b/include/linux/export.h
@@ -66,7 +66,16 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
 	__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used))	\
 	= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
 
-#if defined(__KSYM_DEPS__)
+#if defined(__DISABLE_EXPORTS)
+
+/*
+ * Allow symbol exports to be disabled completely so that C code may
+ * be reused in other execution contexts such as the UEFI stub or the
+ * decompressor.
+ */
+#define __EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
+
+#elif defined(__KSYM_DEPS__)
 
 /*
  * For fine grained build dependencies, we want to tell the build system
-- 
2.17.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 3/6] module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries
  2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Arnd Bergmann, Kees Cook, Will Deacon,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Garnier, Thomas Gleixner,
	Serge E. Hallyn, Bjorn Helgaas, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Russell King, Paul Mackerras, Catalin Marinas, Petr Mladek,
	Ingo Molnar, James Morris, Andrew Morton, Nicolas Pitre,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Steven Rostedt, Sergey Senozhatsky,
	Linus Torvalds, Jessica Yu, linux-arm-kernel, linuxppc-dev, x86

An ordinary arm64 defconfig build has ~64 KB worth of __ksymtab
entries, each consisting of two 64-bit fields containing absolute
references, to the symbol itself and to a char array containing
its name, respectively.

When we build the same configuration with KASLR enabled, we end
up with an additional ~192 KB of relocations in the .init section,
i.e., one 24 byte entry for each absolute reference, which all need
to be processed at boot time.

Given how the struct kernel_symbol that describes each entry is
completely local to module.c (except for the references emitted
by EXPORT_SYMBOL() itself), we can easily modify it to contain
two 32-bit relative references instead. This reduces the size of
the __ksymtab section by 50% for all 64-bit architectures, and
gets rid of the runtime relocations entirely for architectures
implementing KASLR, either via standard PIE linking (arm64) or
using custom host tools (x86).

Note that the binary search involving __ksymtab contents relies
on each section being sorted by symbol name. This is implemented
based on the input section names, not the names in the ksymtab
entries, so this patch does not interfere with that.

Given that the use of place-relative relocations requires support
both in the toolchain and in the module loader, we cannot enable
this feature for all architectures. So make it dependent on whether
CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS is defined.

Acked-by: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild   |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/export.h |  5 ---
 include/asm-generic/export.h  | 12 ++++-
 include/linux/compiler.h      | 19 ++++++++
 include/linux/export.h        | 46 +++++++++++++++-----
 kernel/module.c               | 32 +++++++++++---
 6 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
index de690c2d2e33..a0ab9ab61c75 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -8,5 +8,6 @@ generated-y += xen-hypercalls.h
 
 generic-y += dma-contiguous.h
 generic-y += early_ioremap.h
+generic-y += export.h
 generic-y += mcs_spinlock.h
 generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 2a51d66689c5..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,5 +0,0 @@
-/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
-#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
-#define KSYM_ALIGN 16
-#endif
-#include <asm-generic/export.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/export.h b/include/asm-generic/export.h
index 68efb950a918..4d73e6e3c66c 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/export.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/export.h
@@ -5,12 +5,10 @@
 #define KSYM_FUNC(x) x
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
-#define __put .quad
 #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
 #define KSYM_ALIGN 8
 #endif
 #else
-#define __put .long
 #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
 #define KSYM_ALIGN 4
 #endif
@@ -19,6 +17,16 @@
 #define KCRC_ALIGN 4
 #endif
 
+.macro __put, val, name
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	.long	\val - ., \name - .
+#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
+	.quad	\val, \name
+#else
+	.long	\val, \name
+#endif
+.endm
+
 /*
  * note on .section use: @progbits vs %progbits nastiness doesn't matter,
  * since we immediately emit into those sections anyway.
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 42506e4d1f53..61c844d4ab48 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -280,6 +280,25 @@ unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
+/*
+ * Force the compiler to emit 'sym' as a symbol, so that we can reference
+ * it from inline assembler. Necessary in case 'sym' could be inlined
+ * otherwise, or eliminated entirely due to lack of references that are
+ * visible to the compiler.
+ */
+#define __ADDRESSABLE(sym) \
+	static void * __attribute__((section(".discard.addressable"), used)) \
+		__PASTE(__addressable_##sym, __LINE__) = (void *)&sym;
+
+/**
+ * offset_to_ptr - convert a relative memory offset to an absolute pointer
+ * @off:	the address of the 32-bit offset value
+ */
+static inline void *offset_to_ptr(const int *off)
+{
+	return (void *)((unsigned long)off + *off);
+}
+
 #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
 
 #ifndef __optimize
diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
index ea7df303d68d..ae072bc5aacf 100644
--- a/include/linux/export.h
+++ b/include/linux/export.h
@@ -18,12 +18,6 @@
 #define VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x) __VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x)
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-struct kernel_symbol
-{
-	unsigned long value;
-	const char *name;
-};
-
 #ifdef MODULE
 extern struct module __this_module;
 #define THIS_MODULE (&__this_module)
@@ -54,17 +48,47 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
 #define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+/*
+ * Emit the ksymtab entry as a pair of relative references: this reduces
+ * the size by half on 64-bit architectures, and eliminates the need for
+ * absolute relocations that require runtime processing on relocatable
+ * kernels.
+ */
+#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)					\
+	__ADDRESSABLE(sym)						\
+	asm("	.section \"___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym "\", \"a\"	\n"	\
+	    "	.balign	8					\n"	\
+	    "__ksymtab_" #sym ":				\n"	\
+	    "	.long	" #sym "- .				\n"	\
+	    "	.long	__kstrtab_" #sym "- .			\n"	\
+	    "	.previous					\n")
+
+struct kernel_symbol {
+	int value_offset;
+	int name_offset;
+};
+#else
+#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)					\
+	static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym		\
+	__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used))	\
+	= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
+
+struct kernel_symbol {
+	unsigned long value;
+	const char *name;
+};
+#endif
+
 /* For every exported symbol, place a struct in the __ksymtab section */
 #define ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec)					\
 	extern typeof(sym) sym;						\
 	__CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)						\
 	static const char __kstrtab_##sym[]				\
-	__attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), aligned(1)))	\
+	__attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), used, aligned(1)))	\
 	= #sym;								\
-	static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym		\
-	__used								\
-	__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used))	\
-	= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
+	__KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)
 
 #if defined(__DISABLE_EXPORTS)
 
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index f475f30eed8c..7cb82e0fcac0 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -547,12 +547,30 @@ static bool check_symbol(const struct symsearch *syms,
 	return true;
 }
 
+static unsigned long kernel_symbol_value(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	return (unsigned long)offset_to_ptr(&sym->value_offset);
+#else
+	return sym->value;
+#endif
+}
+
+static const char *kernel_symbol_name(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	return offset_to_ptr(&sym->name_offset);
+#else
+	return sym->name;
+#endif
+}
+
 static int cmp_name(const void *va, const void *vb)
 {
 	const char *a;
 	const struct kernel_symbol *b;
 	a = va; b = vb;
-	return strcmp(a, b->name);
+	return strcmp(a, kernel_symbol_name(b));
 }
 
 static bool find_symbol_in_section(const struct symsearch *syms,
@@ -2192,7 +2210,7 @@ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol)
 		sym = NULL;
 	preempt_enable();
 
-	return sym ? (void *)sym->value : NULL;
+	return sym ? (void *)kernel_symbol_value(sym) : NULL;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__symbol_get);
 
@@ -2222,10 +2240,12 @@ static int verify_export_symbols(struct module *mod)
 
 	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(arr); i++) {
 		for (s = arr[i].sym; s < arr[i].sym + arr[i].num; s++) {
-			if (find_symbol(s->name, &owner, NULL, true, false)) {
+			if (find_symbol(kernel_symbol_name(s), &owner, NULL,
+					true, false)) {
 				pr_err("%s: exports duplicate symbol %s"
 				       " (owned by %s)\n",
-				       mod->name, s->name, module_name(owner));
+				       mod->name, kernel_symbol_name(s),
+				       module_name(owner));
 				return -ENOEXEC;
 			}
 		}
@@ -2274,7 +2294,7 @@ static int simplify_symbols(struct module *mod, const struct load_info *info)
 			ksym = resolve_symbol_wait(mod, info, name);
 			/* Ok if resolved.  */
 			if (ksym && !IS_ERR(ksym)) {
-				sym[i].st_value = ksym->value;
+				sym[i].st_value = kernel_symbol_value(ksym);
 				break;
 			}
 
@@ -2534,7 +2554,7 @@ static int is_exported(const char *name, unsigned long value,
 		ks = lookup_symbol(name, __start___ksymtab, __stop___ksymtab);
 	else
 		ks = lookup_symbol(name, mod->syms, mod->syms + mod->num_syms);
-	return ks != NULL && ks->value == value;
+	return ks != NULL && kernel_symbol_value(ks) == value;
 }
 
 /* As per nm */
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 3/6] module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel

An ordinary arm64 defconfig build has ~64 KB worth of __ksymtab
entries, each consisting of two 64-bit fields containing absolute
references, to the symbol itself and to a char array containing
its name, respectively.

When we build the same configuration with KASLR enabled, we end
up with an additional ~192 KB of relocations in the .init section,
i.e., one 24 byte entry for each absolute reference, which all need
to be processed at boot time.

Given how the struct kernel_symbol that describes each entry is
completely local to module.c (except for the references emitted
by EXPORT_SYMBOL() itself), we can easily modify it to contain
two 32-bit relative references instead. This reduces the size of
the __ksymtab section by 50% for all 64-bit architectures, and
gets rid of the runtime relocations entirely for architectures
implementing KASLR, either via standard PIE linking (arm64) or
using custom host tools (x86).

Note that the binary search involving __ksymtab contents relies
on each section being sorted by symbol name. This is implemented
based on the input section names, not the names in the ksymtab
entries, so this patch does not interfere with that.

Given that the use of place-relative relocations requires support
both in the toolchain and in the module loader, we cannot enable
this feature for all architectures. So make it dependent on whether
CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS is defined.

Acked-by: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild   |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/export.h |  5 ---
 include/asm-generic/export.h  | 12 ++++-
 include/linux/compiler.h      | 19 ++++++++
 include/linux/export.h        | 46 +++++++++++++++-----
 kernel/module.c               | 32 +++++++++++---
 6 files changed, 91 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
index de690c2d2e33..a0ab9ab61c75 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -8,5 +8,6 @@ generated-y += xen-hypercalls.h
 
 generic-y += dma-contiguous.h
 generic-y += early_ioremap.h
+generic-y += export.h
 generic-y += mcs_spinlock.h
 generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 2a51d66689c5..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,5 +0,0 @@
-/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
-#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
-#define KSYM_ALIGN 16
-#endif
-#include <asm-generic/export.h>
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/export.h b/include/asm-generic/export.h
index 68efb950a918..4d73e6e3c66c 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/export.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/export.h
@@ -5,12 +5,10 @@
 #define KSYM_FUNC(x) x
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
-#define __put .quad
 #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
 #define KSYM_ALIGN 8
 #endif
 #else
-#define __put .long
 #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
 #define KSYM_ALIGN 4
 #endif
@@ -19,6 +17,16 @@
 #define KCRC_ALIGN 4
 #endif
 
+.macro __put, val, name
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	.long	\val - ., \name - .
+#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
+	.quad	\val, \name
+#else
+	.long	\val, \name
+#endif
+.endm
+
 /*
  * note on .section use: @progbits vs %progbits nastiness doesn't matter,
  * since we immediately emit into those sections anyway.
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 42506e4d1f53..61c844d4ab48 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -280,6 +280,25 @@ unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr)
 
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 
+/*
+ * Force the compiler to emit 'sym' as a symbol, so that we can reference
+ * it from inline assembler. Necessary in case 'sym' could be inlined
+ * otherwise, or eliminated entirely due to lack of references that are
+ * visible to the compiler.
+ */
+#define __ADDRESSABLE(sym) \
+	static void * __attribute__((section(".discard.addressable"), used)) \
+		__PASTE(__addressable_##sym, __LINE__) = (void *)&sym;
+
+/**
+ * offset_to_ptr - convert a relative memory offset to an absolute pointer
+ * @off:	the address of the 32-bit offset value
+ */
+static inline void *offset_to_ptr(const int *off)
+{
+	return (void *)((unsigned long)off + *off);
+}
+
 #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
 
 #ifndef __optimize
diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
index ea7df303d68d..ae072bc5aacf 100644
--- a/include/linux/export.h
+++ b/include/linux/export.h
@@ -18,12 +18,6 @@
 #define VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x) __VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x)
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-struct kernel_symbol
-{
-	unsigned long value;
-	const char *name;
-};
-
 #ifdef MODULE
 extern struct module __this_module;
 #define THIS_MODULE (&__this_module)
@@ -54,17 +48,47 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
 #define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+/*
+ * Emit the ksymtab entry as a pair of relative references: this reduces
+ * the size by half on 64-bit architectures, and eliminates the need for
+ * absolute relocations that require runtime processing on relocatable
+ * kernels.
+ */
+#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)					\
+	__ADDRESSABLE(sym)						\
+	asm("	.section \"___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym "\", \"a\"	\n"	\
+	    "	.balign	8					\n"	\
+	    "__ksymtab_" #sym ":				\n"	\
+	    "	.long	" #sym "- .				\n"	\
+	    "	.long	__kstrtab_" #sym "- .			\n"	\
+	    "	.previous					\n")
+
+struct kernel_symbol {
+	int value_offset;
+	int name_offset;
+};
+#else
+#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)					\
+	static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym		\
+	__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used))	\
+	= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
+
+struct kernel_symbol {
+	unsigned long value;
+	const char *name;
+};
+#endif
+
 /* For every exported symbol, place a struct in the __ksymtab section */
 #define ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec)					\
 	extern typeof(sym) sym;						\
 	__CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)						\
 	static const char __kstrtab_##sym[]				\
-	__attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), aligned(1)))	\
+	__attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), used, aligned(1)))	\
 	= #sym;								\
-	static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym		\
-	__used								\
-	__attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used))	\
-	= { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
+	__KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)
 
 #if defined(__DISABLE_EXPORTS)
 
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index f475f30eed8c..7cb82e0fcac0 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -547,12 +547,30 @@ static bool check_symbol(const struct symsearch *syms,
 	return true;
 }
 
+static unsigned long kernel_symbol_value(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	return (unsigned long)offset_to_ptr(&sym->value_offset);
+#else
+	return sym->value;
+#endif
+}
+
+static const char *kernel_symbol_name(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	return offset_to_ptr(&sym->name_offset);
+#else
+	return sym->name;
+#endif
+}
+
 static int cmp_name(const void *va, const void *vb)
 {
 	const char *a;
 	const struct kernel_symbol *b;
 	a = va; b = vb;
-	return strcmp(a, b->name);
+	return strcmp(a, kernel_symbol_name(b));
 }
 
 static bool find_symbol_in_section(const struct symsearch *syms,
@@ -2192,7 +2210,7 @@ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol)
 		sym = NULL;
 	preempt_enable();
 
-	return sym ? (void *)sym->value : NULL;
+	return sym ? (void *)kernel_symbol_value(sym) : NULL;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__symbol_get);
 
@@ -2222,10 +2240,12 @@ static int verify_export_symbols(struct module *mod)
 
 	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(arr); i++) {
 		for (s = arr[i].sym; s < arr[i].sym + arr[i].num; s++) {
-			if (find_symbol(s->name, &owner, NULL, true, false)) {
+			if (find_symbol(kernel_symbol_name(s), &owner, NULL,
+					true, false)) {
 				pr_err("%s: exports duplicate symbol %s"
 				       " (owned by %s)\n",
-				       mod->name, s->name, module_name(owner));
+				       mod->name, kernel_symbol_name(s),
+				       module_name(owner));
 				return -ENOEXEC;
 			}
 		}
@@ -2274,7 +2294,7 @@ static int simplify_symbols(struct module *mod, const struct load_info *info)
 			ksym = resolve_symbol_wait(mod, info, name);
 			/* Ok if resolved.  */
 			if (ksym && !IS_ERR(ksym)) {
-				sym[i].st_value = ksym->value;
+				sym[i].st_value = kernel_symbol_value(ksym);
 				break;
 			}
 
@@ -2534,7 +2554,7 @@ static int is_exported(const char *name, unsigned long value,
 		ks = lookup_symbol(name, __start___ksymtab, __stop___ksymtab);
 	else
 		ks = lookup_symbol(name, mod->syms, mod->syms + mod->num_syms);
-	return ks != NULL && ks->value == value;
+	return ks != NULL && kernel_symbol_value(ks) == value;
 }
 
 /* As per nm */
-- 
2.17.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 4/6] init: allow initcall tables to be emitted using relative references
  2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Arnd Bergmann, Kees Cook, Will Deacon,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Garnier, Thomas Gleixner,
	Serge E. Hallyn, Bjorn Helgaas, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Russell King, Paul Mackerras, Catalin Marinas, Petr Mladek,
	Ingo Molnar, James Morris, Andrew Morton, Nicolas Pitre,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Steven Rostedt, Sergey Senozhatsky,
	Linus Torvalds, Jessica Yu, linux-arm-kernel, linuxppc-dev, x86

Allow the initcall tables to be emitted using relative references that
are only half the size on 64-bit architectures and don't require fixups
at runtime on relocatable kernels.

Acked-by: James Morris <james.morris@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 include/linux/init.h   | 44 +++++++++++++++-----
 init/main.c            | 32 +++++++-------
 kernel/printk/printk.c | 16 +++----
 security/security.c    | 17 ++++----
 4 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/init.h b/include/linux/init.h
index bc27cf03c41e..2538d176dd1f 100644
--- a/include/linux/init.h
+++ b/include/linux/init.h
@@ -116,8 +116,24 @@
 typedef int (*initcall_t)(void);
 typedef void (*exitcall_t)(void);
 
-extern initcall_t __con_initcall_start[], __con_initcall_end[];
-extern initcall_t __security_initcall_start[], __security_initcall_end[];
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+typedef int initcall_entry_t;
+
+static inline initcall_t initcall_from_entry(initcall_entry_t *entry)
+{
+	return offset_to_ptr(entry);
+}
+#else
+typedef initcall_t initcall_entry_t;
+
+static inline initcall_t initcall_from_entry(initcall_entry_t *entry)
+{
+	return *entry;
+}
+#endif
+
+extern initcall_entry_t __con_initcall_start[], __con_initcall_end[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __security_initcall_start[], __security_initcall_end[];
 
 /* Used for contructor calls. */
 typedef void (*ctor_fn_t)(void);
@@ -167,9 +183,20 @@ extern bool initcall_debug;
  * as KEEP() in the linker script.
  */
 
-#define __define_initcall(fn, id) \
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#define ___define_initcall(fn, id, __sec)			\
+	__ADDRESSABLE(fn)					\
+	asm(".section	\"" #__sec ".init\", \"a\"	\n"	\
+	"__initcall_" #fn #id ":			\n"	\
+	    ".long	" #fn " - .			\n"	\
+	    ".previous					\n");
+#else
+#define ___define_initcall(fn, id, __sec) \
 	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn##id __used \
-	__attribute__((__section__(".initcall" #id ".init"))) = fn;
+		__attribute__((__section__(#__sec ".init"))) = fn;
+#endif
+
+#define __define_initcall(fn, id) ___define_initcall(fn, id, .initcall##id)
 
 /*
  * Early initcalls run before initializing SMP.
@@ -208,13 +235,8 @@ extern bool initcall_debug;
 #define __exitcall(fn)						\
 	static exitcall_t __exitcall_##fn __exit_call = fn
 
-#define console_initcall(fn)					\
-	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn			\
-	__used __section(.con_initcall.init) = fn
-
-#define security_initcall(fn)					\
-	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn			\
-	__used __section(.security_initcall.init) = fn
+#define console_initcall(fn)	___define_initcall(fn,, .con_initcall)
+#define security_initcall(fn)	___define_initcall(fn,, .security_initcall)
 
 struct obs_kernel_param {
 	const char *str;
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 3b4ada11ed52..e59a01f163d6 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -901,18 +901,18 @@ int __init_or_module do_one_initcall(initcall_t fn)
 }
 
 
-extern initcall_t __initcall_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall0_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall1_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall2_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall3_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall4_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall5_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall6_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall7_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall_end[];
-
-static initcall_t *initcall_levels[] __initdata = {
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall0_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall1_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall2_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall3_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall4_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall5_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall6_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall7_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall_end[];
+
+static initcall_entry_t *initcall_levels[] __initdata = {
 	__initcall0_start,
 	__initcall1_start,
 	__initcall2_start,
@@ -938,7 +938,7 @@ static char *initcall_level_names[] __initdata = {
 
 static void __init do_initcall_level(int level)
 {
-	initcall_t *fn;
+	initcall_entry_t *fn;
 
 	strcpy(initcall_command_line, saved_command_line);
 	parse_args(initcall_level_names[level],
@@ -949,7 +949,7 @@ static void __init do_initcall_level(int level)
 
 	trace_initcall_level(initcall_level_names[level]);
 	for (fn = initcall_levels[level]; fn < initcall_levels[level+1]; fn++)
-		do_one_initcall(*fn);
+		do_one_initcall(initcall_from_entry(fn));
 }
 
 static void __init do_initcalls(void)
@@ -980,11 +980,11 @@ static void __init do_basic_setup(void)
 
 static void __init do_pre_smp_initcalls(void)
 {
-	initcall_t *fn;
+	initcall_entry_t *fn;
 
 	trace_initcall_level("early");
 	for (fn = __initcall_start; fn < __initcall0_start; fn++)
-		do_one_initcall(*fn);
+		do_one_initcall(initcall_from_entry(fn));
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 247808333ba4..688a27b0888c 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -2772,7 +2772,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_console);
 void __init console_init(void)
 {
 	int ret;
-	initcall_t *call;
+	initcall_t call;
+	initcall_entry_t *ce;
 
 	/* Setup the default TTY line discipline. */
 	n_tty_init();
@@ -2781,13 +2782,14 @@ void __init console_init(void)
 	 * set up the console device so that later boot sequences can
 	 * inform about problems etc..
 	 */
-	call = __con_initcall_start;
+	ce = __con_initcall_start;
 	trace_initcall_level("console");
-	while (call < __con_initcall_end) {
-		trace_initcall_start((*call));
-		ret = (*call)();
-		trace_initcall_finish((*call), ret);
-		call++;
+	while (ce < __con_initcall_end) {
+		call = initcall_from_entry(ce);
+		trace_initcall_start(call);
+		ret = call();
+		trace_initcall_finish(call, ret);
+		ce++;
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/security/security.c b/security/security.c
index 68f46d849abe..1e7b1486d82a 100644
--- a/security/security.c
+++ b/security/security.c
@@ -48,14 +48,17 @@ static __initdata char chosen_lsm[SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1] =
 static void __init do_security_initcalls(void)
 {
 	int ret;
-	initcall_t *call;
-	call = __security_initcall_start;
+	initcall_t call;
+	initcall_entry_t *ce;
+
+	ce = __security_initcall_start;
 	trace_initcall_level("security");
-	while (call < __security_initcall_end) {
-		trace_initcall_start((*call));
-		ret = (*call) ();
-		trace_initcall_finish((*call), ret);
-		call++;
+	while (ce < __security_initcall_end) {
+		call = initcall_from_entry(ce);
+		trace_initcall_start(call);
+		ret = call();
+		trace_initcall_finish(call, ret);
+		ce++;
 	}
 }
 
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 4/6] init: allow initcall tables to be emitted using relative references
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel

Allow the initcall tables to be emitted using relative references that
are only half the size on 64-bit architectures and don't require fixups
at runtime on relocatable kernels.

Acked-by: James Morris <james.morris@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 include/linux/init.h   | 44 +++++++++++++++-----
 init/main.c            | 32 +++++++-------
 kernel/printk/printk.c | 16 +++----
 security/security.c    | 17 ++++----
 4 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/init.h b/include/linux/init.h
index bc27cf03c41e..2538d176dd1f 100644
--- a/include/linux/init.h
+++ b/include/linux/init.h
@@ -116,8 +116,24 @@
 typedef int (*initcall_t)(void);
 typedef void (*exitcall_t)(void);
 
-extern initcall_t __con_initcall_start[], __con_initcall_end[];
-extern initcall_t __security_initcall_start[], __security_initcall_end[];
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+typedef int initcall_entry_t;
+
+static inline initcall_t initcall_from_entry(initcall_entry_t *entry)
+{
+	return offset_to_ptr(entry);
+}
+#else
+typedef initcall_t initcall_entry_t;
+
+static inline initcall_t initcall_from_entry(initcall_entry_t *entry)
+{
+	return *entry;
+}
+#endif
+
+extern initcall_entry_t __con_initcall_start[], __con_initcall_end[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __security_initcall_start[], __security_initcall_end[];
 
 /* Used for contructor calls. */
 typedef void (*ctor_fn_t)(void);
@@ -167,9 +183,20 @@ extern bool initcall_debug;
  * as KEEP() in the linker script.
  */
 
-#define __define_initcall(fn, id) \
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#define ___define_initcall(fn, id, __sec)			\
+	__ADDRESSABLE(fn)					\
+	asm(".section	\"" #__sec ".init\", \"a\"	\n"	\
+	"__initcall_" #fn #id ":			\n"	\
+	    ".long	" #fn " - .			\n"	\
+	    ".previous					\n");
+#else
+#define ___define_initcall(fn, id, __sec) \
 	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn##id __used \
-	__attribute__((__section__(".initcall" #id ".init"))) = fn;
+		__attribute__((__section__(#__sec ".init"))) = fn;
+#endif
+
+#define __define_initcall(fn, id) ___define_initcall(fn, id, .initcall##id)
 
 /*
  * Early initcalls run before initializing SMP.
@@ -208,13 +235,8 @@ extern bool initcall_debug;
 #define __exitcall(fn)						\
 	static exitcall_t __exitcall_##fn __exit_call = fn
 
-#define console_initcall(fn)					\
-	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn			\
-	__used __section(.con_initcall.init) = fn
-
-#define security_initcall(fn)					\
-	static initcall_t __initcall_##fn			\
-	__used __section(.security_initcall.init) = fn
+#define console_initcall(fn)	___define_initcall(fn,, .con_initcall)
+#define security_initcall(fn)	___define_initcall(fn,, .security_initcall)
 
 struct obs_kernel_param {
 	const char *str;
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 3b4ada11ed52..e59a01f163d6 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -901,18 +901,18 @@ int __init_or_module do_one_initcall(initcall_t fn)
 }
 
 
-extern initcall_t __initcall_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall0_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall1_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall2_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall3_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall4_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall5_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall6_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall7_start[];
-extern initcall_t __initcall_end[];
-
-static initcall_t *initcall_levels[] __initdata = {
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall0_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall1_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall2_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall3_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall4_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall5_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall6_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall7_start[];
+extern initcall_entry_t __initcall_end[];
+
+static initcall_entry_t *initcall_levels[] __initdata = {
 	__initcall0_start,
 	__initcall1_start,
 	__initcall2_start,
@@ -938,7 +938,7 @@ static char *initcall_level_names[] __initdata = {
 
 static void __init do_initcall_level(int level)
 {
-	initcall_t *fn;
+	initcall_entry_t *fn;
 
 	strcpy(initcall_command_line, saved_command_line);
 	parse_args(initcall_level_names[level],
@@ -949,7 +949,7 @@ static void __init do_initcall_level(int level)
 
 	trace_initcall_level(initcall_level_names[level]);
 	for (fn = initcall_levels[level]; fn < initcall_levels[level+1]; fn++)
-		do_one_initcall(*fn);
+		do_one_initcall(initcall_from_entry(fn));
 }
 
 static void __init do_initcalls(void)
@@ -980,11 +980,11 @@ static void __init do_basic_setup(void)
 
 static void __init do_pre_smp_initcalls(void)
 {
-	initcall_t *fn;
+	initcall_entry_t *fn;
 
 	trace_initcall_level("early");
 	for (fn = __initcall_start; fn < __initcall0_start; fn++)
-		do_one_initcall(*fn);
+		do_one_initcall(initcall_from_entry(fn));
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 247808333ba4..688a27b0888c 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -2772,7 +2772,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_console);
 void __init console_init(void)
 {
 	int ret;
-	initcall_t *call;
+	initcall_t call;
+	initcall_entry_t *ce;
 
 	/* Setup the default TTY line discipline. */
 	n_tty_init();
@@ -2781,13 +2782,14 @@ void __init console_init(void)
 	 * set up the console device so that later boot sequences can
 	 * inform about problems etc..
 	 */
-	call = __con_initcall_start;
+	ce = __con_initcall_start;
 	trace_initcall_level("console");
-	while (call < __con_initcall_end) {
-		trace_initcall_start((*call));
-		ret = (*call)();
-		trace_initcall_finish((*call), ret);
-		call++;
+	while (ce < __con_initcall_end) {
+		call = initcall_from_entry(ce);
+		trace_initcall_start(call);
+		ret = call();
+		trace_initcall_finish(call, ret);
+		ce++;
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/security/security.c b/security/security.c
index 68f46d849abe..1e7b1486d82a 100644
--- a/security/security.c
+++ b/security/security.c
@@ -48,14 +48,17 @@ static __initdata char chosen_lsm[SECURITY_NAME_MAX + 1] =
 static void __init do_security_initcalls(void)
 {
 	int ret;
-	initcall_t *call;
-	call = __security_initcall_start;
+	initcall_t call;
+	initcall_entry_t *ce;
+
+	ce = __security_initcall_start;
 	trace_initcall_level("security");
-	while (call < __security_initcall_end) {
-		trace_initcall_start((*call));
-		ret = (*call) ();
-		trace_initcall_finish((*call), ret);
-		call++;
+	while (ce < __security_initcall_end) {
+		call = initcall_from_entry(ce);
+		trace_initcall_start(call);
+		ret = call();
+		trace_initcall_finish(call, ret);
+		ce++;
 	}
 }
 
-- 
2.17.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 5/6] PCI: Add support for relative addressing in quirk tables
  2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Arnd Bergmann, Kees Cook, Will Deacon,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Garnier, Thomas Gleixner,
	Serge E. Hallyn, Bjorn Helgaas, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Russell King, Paul Mackerras, Catalin Marinas, Petr Mladek,
	Ingo Molnar, James Morris, Andrew Morton, Nicolas Pitre,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Steven Rostedt, Sergey Senozhatsky,
	Linus Torvalds, Jessica Yu, linux-arm-kernel, linuxppc-dev, x86

Allow the PCI quirk tables to be emitted in a way that avoids absolute
references to the hook functions. This reduces the size of the entries,
and, more importantly, makes them invariant under runtime relocation
(e.g., for KASLR)

Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/pci/quirks.c | 12 +++++++++---
 include/linux/pci.h  | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
index f439de848658..0ba4e446e5db 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
@@ -64,9 +64,15 @@ static void pci_do_fixups(struct pci_dev *dev, struct pci_fixup *f,
 		     f->vendor == (u16) PCI_ANY_ID) &&
 		    (f->device == dev->device ||
 		     f->device == (u16) PCI_ANY_ID)) {
-			calltime = fixup_debug_start(dev, f->hook);
-			f->hook(dev);
-			fixup_debug_report(dev, calltime, f->hook);
+			void (*hook)(struct pci_dev *dev);
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+			hook = offset_to_ptr(&f->hook_offset);
+#else
+			hook = f->hook;
+#endif
+			calltime = fixup_debug_start(dev, hook);
+			hook(dev);
+			fixup_debug_report(dev, calltime, hook);
 		}
 }
 
diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index 340029b2fb38..51baa3ab5195 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -1795,7 +1795,11 @@ struct pci_fixup {
 	u16 device;			/* Or PCI_ANY_ID */
 	u32 class;			/* Or PCI_ANY_ID */
 	unsigned int class_shift;	/* should be 0, 8, 16 */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	int hook_offset;
+#else
 	void (*hook)(struct pci_dev *dev);
+#endif
 };
 
 enum pci_fixup_pass {
@@ -1809,12 +1813,28 @@ enum pci_fixup_pass {
 	pci_fixup_suspend_late,	/* pci_device_suspend_late() */
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#define __DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(sec, name, vendor, device, class,	\
+				    class_shift, hook)			\
+	__ADDRESSABLE(hook)						\
+	asm(".section "	#sec ", \"a\"				\n"	\
+	    ".balign	16					\n"	\
+	    ".short "	#vendor ", " #device "			\n"	\
+	    ".long "	#class ", " #class_shift "		\n"	\
+	    ".long "	#hook " - .				\n"	\
+	    ".previous						\n");
+#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(sec, name, vendor, device, class,	\
+				  class_shift, hook)			\
+	__DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(sec, name, vendor, device, class,	\
+				  class_shift, hook)
+#else
 /* Anonymous variables would be nice... */
 #define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(section, name, vendor, device, class,	\
 				  class_shift, hook)			\
 	static const struct pci_fixup __PASTE(__pci_fixup_##name,__LINE__) __used	\
 	__attribute__((__section__(#section), aligned((sizeof(void *)))))    \
 		= { vendor, device, class, class_shift, hook };
+#endif
 
 #define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_CLASS_EARLY(vendor, device, class,		\
 					 class_shift, hook)		\
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 5/6] PCI: Add support for relative addressing in quirk tables
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel

Allow the PCI quirk tables to be emitted in a way that avoids absolute
references to the hook functions. This reduces the size of the entries,
and, more importantly, makes them invariant under runtime relocation
(e.g., for KASLR)

Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 drivers/pci/quirks.c | 12 +++++++++---
 include/linux/pci.h  | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
index f439de848658..0ba4e446e5db 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
@@ -64,9 +64,15 @@ static void pci_do_fixups(struct pci_dev *dev, struct pci_fixup *f,
 		     f->vendor == (u16) PCI_ANY_ID) &&
 		    (f->device == dev->device ||
 		     f->device == (u16) PCI_ANY_ID)) {
-			calltime = fixup_debug_start(dev, f->hook);
-			f->hook(dev);
-			fixup_debug_report(dev, calltime, f->hook);
+			void (*hook)(struct pci_dev *dev);
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+			hook = offset_to_ptr(&f->hook_offset);
+#else
+			hook = f->hook;
+#endif
+			calltime = fixup_debug_start(dev, hook);
+			hook(dev);
+			fixup_debug_report(dev, calltime, hook);
 		}
 }
 
diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index 340029b2fb38..51baa3ab5195 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -1795,7 +1795,11 @@ struct pci_fixup {
 	u16 device;			/* Or PCI_ANY_ID */
 	u32 class;			/* Or PCI_ANY_ID */
 	unsigned int class_shift;	/* should be 0, 8, 16 */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+	int hook_offset;
+#else
 	void (*hook)(struct pci_dev *dev);
+#endif
 };
 
 enum pci_fixup_pass {
@@ -1809,12 +1813,28 @@ enum pci_fixup_pass {
 	pci_fixup_suspend_late,	/* pci_device_suspend_late() */
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#define __DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(sec, name, vendor, device, class,	\
+				    class_shift, hook)			\
+	__ADDRESSABLE(hook)						\
+	asm(".section "	#sec ", \"a\"				\n"	\
+	    ".balign	16					\n"	\
+	    ".short "	#vendor ", " #device "			\n"	\
+	    ".long "	#class ", " #class_shift "		\n"	\
+	    ".long "	#hook " - .				\n"	\
+	    ".previous						\n");
+#define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(sec, name, vendor, device, class,	\
+				  class_shift, hook)			\
+	__DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(sec, name, vendor, device, class,	\
+				  class_shift, hook)
+#else
 /* Anonymous variables would be nice... */
 #define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_SECTION(section, name, vendor, device, class,	\
 				  class_shift, hook)			\
 	static const struct pci_fixup __PASTE(__pci_fixup_##name,__LINE__) __used	\
 	__attribute__((__section__(#section), aligned((sizeof(void *)))))    \
 		= { vendor, device, class, class_shift, hook };
+#endif
 
 #define DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_CLASS_EARLY(vendor, device, class,		\
 					 class_shift, hook)		\
-- 
2.17.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 6/6] kernel: tracepoints: add support for relative references
  2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Arnd Bergmann, Kees Cook, Will Deacon,
	Michael Ellerman, Thomas Garnier, Thomas Gleixner,
	Serge E. Hallyn, Bjorn Helgaas, Benjamin Herrenschmidt,
	Russell King, Paul Mackerras, Catalin Marinas, Petr Mladek,
	Ingo Molnar, James Morris, Andrew Morton, Nicolas Pitre,
	Josh Poimboeuf, Steven Rostedt, Sergey Senozhatsky,
	Linus Torvalds, Jessica Yu, linux-arm-kernel, linuxppc-dev, x86

To avoid the need for relocating absolute references to tracepoint
structures at boot time when running relocatable kernels (which may
take a disproportionate amount of space), add the option to emit
these tables as relative references instead.

Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 include/linux/tracepoint.h | 19 ++++++--
 kernel/tracepoint.c        | 49 +++++++++++---------
 2 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/tracepoint.h b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
index 19a690b559ca..b130e40d82cb 100644
--- a/include/linux/tracepoint.h
+++ b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
@@ -225,6 +225,19 @@ extern void syscall_unregfunc(void);
 		return static_key_false(&__tracepoint_##name.key);	\
 	}
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#define __TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name)					\
+	asm("	.section \"__tracepoints_ptrs\", \"a\"		\n"	\
+	    "	.balign 4					\n"	\
+	    "	.long 	__tracepoint_" #name " - .		\n"	\
+	    "	.previous					\n")
+#else
+#define __TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name)					 \
+	static struct tracepoint * const __tracepoint_ptr_##name __used	 \
+	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints_ptrs"))) =		 \
+		&__tracepoint_##name
+#endif
+
 /*
  * We have no guarantee that gcc and the linker won't up-align the tracepoint
  * structures, so we create an array of pointers that will be used for iteration
@@ -234,11 +247,9 @@ extern void syscall_unregfunc(void);
 	static const char __tpstrtab_##name[]				 \
 	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints_strings"))) = #name;	 \
 	struct tracepoint __tracepoint_##name				 \
-	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints"))) =			 \
+	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints"), used)) =		 \
 		{ __tpstrtab_##name, STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE, reg, unreg, NULL };\
-	static struct tracepoint * const __tracepoint_ptr_##name __used	 \
-	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints_ptrs"))) =		 \
-		&__tracepoint_##name;
+	__TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name);
 
 #define DEFINE_TRACE(name)						\
 	DEFINE_TRACE_FN(name, NULL, NULL);
diff --git a/kernel/tracepoint.c b/kernel/tracepoint.c
index 6dc6356c3327..451c8f5e8345 100644
--- a/kernel/tracepoint.c
+++ b/kernel/tracepoint.c
@@ -325,6 +325,27 @@ int tracepoint_probe_unregister(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe, void *data)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_unregister);
 
+static void for_each_tracepoint_range(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
+		struct tracepoint * const *end,
+		void (*fct)(struct tracepoint *tp, void *priv),
+		void *priv)
+{
+	if (!begin)
+		return;
+
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS)) {
+		const int *iter;
+
+		for (iter = (const int *)begin; iter < (const int *)end; iter++)
+			fct(offset_to_ptr(iter), priv);
+	} else {
+		struct tracepoint * const *iter;
+
+		for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++)
+			fct(*iter, priv);
+	}
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
 bool trace_module_has_bad_taint(struct module *mod)
 {
@@ -389,15 +410,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_tracepoint_module_notifier);
  * Ensure the tracer unregistered the module's probes before the module
  * teardown is performed. Prevents leaks of probe and data pointers.
  */
-static void tp_module_going_check_quiescent(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
-		struct tracepoint * const *end)
+static void tp_module_going_check_quiescent(struct tracepoint *tp, void *priv)
 {
-	struct tracepoint * const *iter;
-
-	if (!begin)
-		return;
-	for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++)
-		WARN_ON_ONCE((*iter)->funcs);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(tp->funcs);
 }
 
 static int tracepoint_module_coming(struct module *mod)
@@ -448,8 +463,9 @@ static void tracepoint_module_going(struct module *mod)
 			 * Called the going notifier before checking for
 			 * quiescence.
 			 */
-			tp_module_going_check_quiescent(mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
-				mod->tracepoints_ptrs + mod->num_tracepoints);
+			for_each_tracepoint_range(mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
+				mod->tracepoints_ptrs + mod->num_tracepoints,
+				tp_module_going_check_quiescent, NULL);
 			break;
 		}
 	}
@@ -501,19 +517,6 @@ static __init int init_tracepoints(void)
 __initcall(init_tracepoints);
 #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
 
-static void for_each_tracepoint_range(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
-		struct tracepoint * const *end,
-		void (*fct)(struct tracepoint *tp, void *priv),
-		void *priv)
-{
-	struct tracepoint * const *iter;
-
-	if (!begin)
-		return;
-	for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++)
-		fct(*iter, priv);
-}
-
 /**
  * for_each_kernel_tracepoint - iteration on all kernel tracepoints
  * @fct: callback
-- 
2.17.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v10 6/6] kernel: tracepoints: add support for relative references
@ 2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2018-07-04  8:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel

To avoid the need for relocating absolute references to tracepoint
structures at boot time when running relocatable kernels (which may
take a disproportionate amount of space), add the option to emit
these tables as relative references instead.

Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
---
 include/linux/tracepoint.h | 19 ++++++--
 kernel/tracepoint.c        | 49 +++++++++++---------
 2 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/tracepoint.h b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
index 19a690b559ca..b130e40d82cb 100644
--- a/include/linux/tracepoint.h
+++ b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
@@ -225,6 +225,19 @@ extern void syscall_unregfunc(void);
 		return static_key_false(&__tracepoint_##name.key);	\
 	}
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
+#define __TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name)					\
+	asm("	.section \"__tracepoints_ptrs\", \"a\"		\n"	\
+	    "	.balign 4					\n"	\
+	    "	.long 	__tracepoint_" #name " - .		\n"	\
+	    "	.previous					\n")
+#else
+#define __TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name)					 \
+	static struct tracepoint * const __tracepoint_ptr_##name __used	 \
+	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints_ptrs"))) =		 \
+		&__tracepoint_##name
+#endif
+
 /*
  * We have no guarantee that gcc and the linker won't up-align the tracepoint
  * structures, so we create an array of pointers that will be used for iteration
@@ -234,11 +247,9 @@ extern void syscall_unregfunc(void);
 	static const char __tpstrtab_##name[]				 \
 	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints_strings"))) = #name;	 \
 	struct tracepoint __tracepoint_##name				 \
-	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints"))) =			 \
+	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints"), used)) =		 \
 		{ __tpstrtab_##name, STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE, reg, unreg, NULL };\
-	static struct tracepoint * const __tracepoint_ptr_##name __used	 \
-	__attribute__((section("__tracepoints_ptrs"))) =		 \
-		&__tracepoint_##name;
+	__TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name);
 
 #define DEFINE_TRACE(name)						\
 	DEFINE_TRACE_FN(name, NULL, NULL);
diff --git a/kernel/tracepoint.c b/kernel/tracepoint.c
index 6dc6356c3327..451c8f5e8345 100644
--- a/kernel/tracepoint.c
+++ b/kernel/tracepoint.c
@@ -325,6 +325,27 @@ int tracepoint_probe_unregister(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe, void *data)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_unregister);
 
+static void for_each_tracepoint_range(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
+		struct tracepoint * const *end,
+		void (*fct)(struct tracepoint *tp, void *priv),
+		void *priv)
+{
+	if (!begin)
+		return;
+
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS)) {
+		const int *iter;
+
+		for (iter = (const int *)begin; iter < (const int *)end; iter++)
+			fct(offset_to_ptr(iter), priv);
+	} else {
+		struct tracepoint * const *iter;
+
+		for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++)
+			fct(*iter, priv);
+	}
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
 bool trace_module_has_bad_taint(struct module *mod)
 {
@@ -389,15 +410,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_tracepoint_module_notifier);
  * Ensure the tracer unregistered the module's probes before the module
  * teardown is performed. Prevents leaks of probe and data pointers.
  */
-static void tp_module_going_check_quiescent(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
-		struct tracepoint * const *end)
+static void tp_module_going_check_quiescent(struct tracepoint *tp, void *priv)
 {
-	struct tracepoint * const *iter;
-
-	if (!begin)
-		return;
-	for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++)
-		WARN_ON_ONCE((*iter)->funcs);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(tp->funcs);
 }
 
 static int tracepoint_module_coming(struct module *mod)
@@ -448,8 +463,9 @@ static void tracepoint_module_going(struct module *mod)
 			 * Called the going notifier before checking for
 			 * quiescence.
 			 */
-			tp_module_going_check_quiescent(mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
-				mod->tracepoints_ptrs + mod->num_tracepoints);
+			for_each_tracepoint_range(mod->tracepoints_ptrs,
+				mod->tracepoints_ptrs + mod->num_tracepoints,
+				tp_module_going_check_quiescent, NULL);
 			break;
 		}
 	}
@@ -501,19 +517,6 @@ static __init int init_tracepoints(void)
 __initcall(init_tracepoints);
 #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
 
-static void for_each_tracepoint_range(struct tracepoint * const *begin,
-		struct tracepoint * const *end,
-		void (*fct)(struct tracepoint *tp, void *priv),
-		void *priv)
-{
-	struct tracepoint * const *iter;
-
-	if (!begin)
-		return;
-	for (iter = begin; iter < end; iter++)
-		fct(*iter, priv);
-}
-
 /**
  * for_each_kernel_tracepoint - iteration on all kernel tracepoints
  * @fct: callback
-- 
2.17.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2018-07-04  8:42 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2018-07-04  8:36 [PATCH v10 0/6] add support for relative references in special sections Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36 ` Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36 ` [PATCH v10 1/6] arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86 Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36 ` [PATCH v10 2/6] module: allow symbol exports to be disabled Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36 ` [PATCH v10 3/6] module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36 ` [PATCH v10 4/6] init: allow initcall tables to be emitted using relative references Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36 ` [PATCH v10 5/6] PCI: Add support for relative addressing in quirk tables Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36 ` [PATCH v10 6/6] kernel: tracepoints: add support for relative references Ard Biesheuvel
2018-07-04  8:36   ` Ard Biesheuvel

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