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From: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
To: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	stable@vger.kernel.org, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] x86/entry/64: Remove %ebx handling from error_entry/exit
Date: Mon, 23 Jul 2018 09:25:05 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20180723072505.GA24222__25671.9635137872$1532330638$gmane$org@kroah.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <b5010a090d3586b2d6e06c7ad3ec5542d1241c45.1532282627.git.luto@kernel.org>

On Sun, Jul 22, 2018 at 11:05:09AM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> error_entry and error_exit communicate the user vs kernel status of
> the frame using %ebx.  This is unnecessary -- the information is in
> regs->cs.  Just use regs->cs.
> 
> This makes error_entry simpler and makes error_exit more robust.
> 
> It also fixes a nasty bug.  Before all the Spectre nonsense, The
> xen_failsafe_callback entry point returned like this:
> 
>         ALLOC_PT_GPREGS_ON_STACK
>         SAVE_C_REGS
>         SAVE_EXTRA_REGS
>         ENCODE_FRAME_POINTER
>         jmp     error_exit
> 
> And it did not go through error_entry.  This was bogus: RBX
> contained garbage, and error_exit expected a flag in RBX.
> Fortunately, it generally contained *nonzero* garbage, so the
> correct code path was used.  As part of the Spectre fixes, code was
> added to clear RBX to mitigate certain speculation attacks.  Now,
> depending on kernel configuration, RBX got zeroed and, when running
> some Wine workloads, the kernel crashes.  This was introduced by:
> 
>     commit 3ac6d8c787b8 ("x86/entry/64: Clear registers for
>     exceptions/interrupts, to reduce speculation attack surface")
> 
> With this patch applied, RBX is no longer needed as a flag, and the
> problem goes away.
> 
> I suspect that malicious userspace could use this bug to crash the
> kernel even without the offending patch applied, though.
> 
> [Historical note: I wrote this patch as a cleanup before I was aware
>  of the bug it fixed.]
> 
> [Note to stable maintainers: this should probably get applied to all
>  kernels.  If you're nervous about that, a more conservative fix to
>  add xorl %ebx,%ebx; incl %ebx before the jump to error_exit should
>  also fix the problem.]
> 
> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
> Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
> Cc: x86@kernel.org
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> Fixes: 3ac6d8c787b8 ("x86/entry/64: Clear registers for exceptions/interrupts, to reduce speculation attack surface")
> Reported-and-tested-by: "M. Vefa Bicakci" <m.v.b@runbox.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
> ---
> 
> I could also submit the conservative fix tagged for -stable and respin
> this on top of it.  Ingo, Greg, what do you prefer?

I don't care, this patch looks good to me to take as-is for the stable
trees.  If you trust it in Linus's tree, it should be fine for others :)

thanks,

greg k-h

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  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-07-23  7:25 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-07-22 18:05 Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-23  7:25 ` Greg KH
2018-07-24  2:31   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-24  2:31   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-23  7:25 ` Greg KH [this message]
2018-07-24 15:03 ` [tip:x86/urgent] " tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2018-08-07 22:57 backport of XSA-274 patch to 4.9.x kernel (could use a review) Andy Lutomirski
2018-08-08 17:35 ` [PATCH] x86/entry/64: Remove %ebx handling from error_entry/exit Sarah Newman
2018-08-08 17:35   ` Sarah Newman
2018-08-09 12:41   ` David Woodhouse
2018-08-09 12:41   ` [Xen-devel] " David Woodhouse
2018-08-10  7:23     ` Sarah Newman
2018-08-10  7:23     ` [Xen-devel] " Sarah Newman
2018-08-16 15:19       ` Greg KH
2018-08-16 15:35         ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-08-16 15:19       ` Greg KH
2018-07-22 18:05 Andy Lutomirski

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