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* [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions
@ 2019-01-22 15:21 Greg Kroah-Hartman
  2019-01-22 15:31 ` Michal Hocko
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman @ 2019-01-22 15:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel
  Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman, Michal Hocko, Andrew Morton, Vlastimil Babka,
	David Rientjes, Laura Abbott, linux-mm

When calling debugfs functions, there is no need to ever check the
return value.  The function can work or not, but the code logic should
never do something different based on this.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
 mm/cma_debug.c     |  2 --
 mm/failslab.c      | 14 ++++----------
 mm/gup_benchmark.c |  8 ++------
 mm/huge_memory.c   |  8 ++------
 mm/memblock.c      |  3 +--
 mm/memory.c        |  8 ++------
 mm/page_alloc.c    | 22 ++++++----------------
 mm/page_owner.c    |  8 +++-----
 mm/vmstat.c        | 15 ++++-----------
 9 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 64 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/cma_debug.c b/mm/cma_debug.c
index ad6723e9d110..b55f28fbe831 100644
--- a/mm/cma_debug.c
+++ b/mm/cma_debug.c
@@ -191,8 +191,6 @@ static int __init cma_debugfs_init(void)
 	int i;
 
 	cma_debugfs_root = debugfs_create_dir("cma", NULL);
-	if (!cma_debugfs_root)
-		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < cma_area_count; i++)
 		cma_debugfs_add_one(&cma_areas[i], i);
diff --git a/mm/failslab.c b/mm/failslab.c
index b135ebb88b6f..ec5aad211c5b 100644
--- a/mm/failslab.c
+++ b/mm/failslab.c
@@ -48,18 +48,12 @@ static int __init failslab_debugfs_init(void)
 	if (IS_ERR(dir))
 		return PTR_ERR(dir);
 
-	if (!debugfs_create_bool("ignore-gfp-wait", mode, dir,
-				&failslab.ignore_gfp_reclaim))
-		goto fail;
-	if (!debugfs_create_bool("cache-filter", mode, dir,
-				&failslab.cache_filter))
-		goto fail;
+	debugfs_create_bool("ignore-gfp-wait", mode, dir,
+			    &failslab.ignore_gfp_reclaim);
+	debugfs_create_bool("cache-filter", mode, dir,
+			    &failslab.cache_filter);
 
 	return 0;
-fail:
-	debugfs_remove_recursive(dir);
-
-	return -ENOMEM;
 }
 
 late_initcall(failslab_debugfs_init);
diff --git a/mm/gup_benchmark.c b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
index 5b42d3d4b60a..6c0279e70cc4 100644
--- a/mm/gup_benchmark.c
+++ b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
@@ -122,12 +122,8 @@ static const struct file_operations gup_benchmark_fops = {
 
 static int gup_benchmark_init(void)
 {
-	void *ret;
-
-	ret = debugfs_create_file_unsafe("gup_benchmark", 0600, NULL, NULL,
-			&gup_benchmark_fops);
-	if (!ret)
-		pr_warn("Failed to create gup_benchmark in debugfs");
+	debugfs_create_file_unsafe("gup_benchmark", 0600, NULL, NULL,
+				   &gup_benchmark_fops);
 
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index faf357eaf0ce..94f05e3fff71 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -2886,12 +2886,8 @@ DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(split_huge_pages_fops, NULL, split_huge_pages_set,
 
 static int __init split_huge_pages_debugfs(void)
 {
-	void *ret;
-
-	ret = debugfs_create_file("split_huge_pages", 0200, NULL, NULL,
-			&split_huge_pages_fops);
-	if (!ret)
-		pr_warn("Failed to create split_huge_pages in debugfs");
+	debugfs_create_file("split_huge_pages", 0200, NULL, NULL,
+			    &split_huge_pages_fops);
 	return 0;
 }
 late_initcall(split_huge_pages_debugfs);
diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
index 022d4cbb3618..18ee657fb918 100644
--- a/mm/memblock.c
+++ b/mm/memblock.c
@@ -1998,8 +1998,7 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(memblock_debug);
 static int __init memblock_init_debugfs(void)
 {
 	struct dentry *root = debugfs_create_dir("memblock", NULL);
-	if (!root)
-		return -ENXIO;
+
 	debugfs_create_file("memory", 0444, root,
 			    &memblock.memory, &memblock_debug_fops);
 	debugfs_create_file("reserved", 0444, root,
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index e11ca9dd823f..5009ad9e1d09 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -3321,12 +3321,8 @@ DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops,
 
 static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void)
 {
-	void *ret;
-
-	ret = debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL,
-			&fault_around_bytes_fops);
-	if (!ret)
-		pr_warn("Failed to create fault_around_bytes in debugfs");
+	debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL,
+				   &fault_around_bytes_fops);
 	return 0;
 }
 late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index d295c9bc01a8..df33311eb1a7 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -3161,24 +3161,14 @@ static int __init fail_page_alloc_debugfs(void)
 
 	dir = fault_create_debugfs_attr("fail_page_alloc", NULL,
 					&fail_page_alloc.attr);
-	if (IS_ERR(dir))
-		return PTR_ERR(dir);
-
-	if (!debugfs_create_bool("ignore-gfp-wait", mode, dir,
-				&fail_page_alloc.ignore_gfp_reclaim))
-		goto fail;
-	if (!debugfs_create_bool("ignore-gfp-highmem", mode, dir,
-				&fail_page_alloc.ignore_gfp_highmem))
-		goto fail;
-	if (!debugfs_create_u32("min-order", mode, dir,
-				&fail_page_alloc.min_order))
-		goto fail;
 
-	return 0;
-fail:
-	debugfs_remove_recursive(dir);
+	debugfs_create_bool("ignore-gfp-wait", mode, dir,
+			    &fail_page_alloc.ignore_gfp_reclaim);
+	debugfs_create_bool("ignore-gfp-highmem", mode, dir,
+			    &fail_page_alloc.ignore_gfp_highmem);
+	debugfs_create_u32("min-order", mode, dir, &fail_page_alloc.min_order);
 
-	return -ENOMEM;
+	return 0;
 }
 
 late_initcall(fail_page_alloc_debugfs);
diff --git a/mm/page_owner.c b/mm/page_owner.c
index 28b06524939f..925b6f44a444 100644
--- a/mm/page_owner.c
+++ b/mm/page_owner.c
@@ -625,16 +625,14 @@ static const struct file_operations proc_page_owner_operations = {
 
 static int __init pageowner_init(void)
 {
-	struct dentry *dentry;
-
 	if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_owner_inited)) {
 		pr_info("page_owner is disabled\n");
 		return 0;
 	}
 
-	dentry = debugfs_create_file("page_owner", 0400, NULL,
-				     NULL, &proc_page_owner_operations);
+	debugfs_create_file("page_owner", 0400, NULL, NULL,
+			    &proc_page_owner_operations);
 
-	return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(dentry);
+	return 0;
 }
 late_initcall(pageowner_init)
diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index 83b30edc2f7f..36b56f858f0f 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -2121,21 +2121,14 @@ static int __init extfrag_debug_init(void)
 	struct dentry *extfrag_debug_root;
 
 	extfrag_debug_root = debugfs_create_dir("extfrag", NULL);
-	if (!extfrag_debug_root)
-		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	if (!debugfs_create_file("unusable_index", 0444,
-			extfrag_debug_root, NULL, &unusable_file_ops))
-		goto fail;
+	debugfs_create_file("unusable_index", 0444, extfrag_debug_root, NULL,
+			    &unusable_file_ops);
 
-	if (!debugfs_create_file("extfrag_index", 0444,
-			extfrag_debug_root, NULL, &extfrag_file_ops))
-		goto fail;
+	debugfs_create_file("extfrag_index", 0444, extfrag_debug_root, NULL,
+			    &extfrag_file_ops);
 
 	return 0;
-fail:
-	debugfs_remove_recursive(extfrag_debug_root);
-	return -ENOMEM;
 }
 
 module_init(extfrag_debug_init);
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions
  2019-01-22 15:21 [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions Greg Kroah-Hartman
@ 2019-01-22 15:31 ` Michal Hocko
  2019-01-22 15:52   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Michal Hocko @ 2019-01-22 15:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: linux-kernel, Andrew Morton, Vlastimil Babka, David Rientjes,
	Laura Abbott, linux-mm

On Tue 22-01-19 16:21:13, Greg KH wrote:
[...]
> diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
> index 022d4cbb3618..18ee657fb918 100644
> --- a/mm/memblock.c
> +++ b/mm/memblock.c
> @@ -1998,8 +1998,7 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(memblock_debug);
>  static int __init memblock_init_debugfs(void)
>  {
>  	struct dentry *root = debugfs_create_dir("memblock", NULL);
> -	if (!root)
> -		return -ENXIO;
> +
>  	debugfs_create_file("memory", 0444, root,
>  			    &memblock.memory, &memblock_debug_fops);
>  	debugfs_create_file("reserved", 0444, root,

I haven't really read the whole patch but this has just hit my eyes. Is
this a correct behavior?

Documentations says:
 * @parent: a pointer to the parent dentry for this file.  This should be a
 *          directory dentry if set.  If this parameter is NULL, then the
 *          file will be created in the root of the debugfs filesystem.

so in case of failure we would get those debugfs files outside of their
intended scope. I believe it is much more correct to simply not create
anything, no?
-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions
  2019-01-22 15:31 ` Michal Hocko
@ 2019-01-22 15:52   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  2019-01-22 16:07     ` Michal Hocko
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman @ 2019-01-22 15:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michal Hocko
  Cc: linux-kernel, Andrew Morton, Vlastimil Babka, David Rientjes,
	Laura Abbott, linux-mm

On Tue, Jan 22, 2019 at 04:31:02PM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Tue 22-01-19 16:21:13, Greg KH wrote:
> [...]
> > diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
> > index 022d4cbb3618..18ee657fb918 100644
> > --- a/mm/memblock.c
> > +++ b/mm/memblock.c
> > @@ -1998,8 +1998,7 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(memblock_debug);
> >  static int __init memblock_init_debugfs(void)
> >  {
> >  	struct dentry *root = debugfs_create_dir("memblock", NULL);
> > -	if (!root)
> > -		return -ENXIO;
> > +
> >  	debugfs_create_file("memory", 0444, root,
> >  			    &memblock.memory, &memblock_debug_fops);
> >  	debugfs_create_file("reserved", 0444, root,
> 
> I haven't really read the whole patch but this has just hit my eyes. Is
> this a correct behavior?
> 
> Documentations says:
>  * @parent: a pointer to the parent dentry for this file.  This should be a
>  *          directory dentry if set.  If this parameter is NULL, then the
>  *          file will be created in the root of the debugfs filesystem.
> 
> so in case of failure we would get those debugfs files outside of their
> intended scope. I believe it is much more correct to simply not create
> anything, no?

If debugfs_create_dir() returns NULL, then something is really wrong
(you passed it an invalid pointer as the parent dentry, or free memory
is gone), so there's nothing you can do except keep moving forward and
take that result and pass it as any parent pointer you want to.  Your
code logic should never care if a debugfs file is created or not, it is
"fire and forget".

And any result of a debugfs call, like this one, that is to be passed
into another debugfs call, will work just fine if the first one failed
(the second one usually will also fail, which is fine.)

Also, and this is the biggest problem, everyone gets the return value
check wrong thinking NULL will be an error, it is one type of error, but
other ones are also returned and no one checks them properly.  So just
don't check at all, that is the design goal here.

hope this helps,

greg k-h

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions
  2019-01-22 15:52   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
@ 2019-01-22 16:07     ` Michal Hocko
  2019-01-22 16:27       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Michal Hocko @ 2019-01-22 16:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: linux-kernel, Andrew Morton, Vlastimil Babka, David Rientjes,
	Laura Abbott, linux-mm

On Tue 22-01-19 16:52:55, Greg KH wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 22, 2019 at 04:31:02PM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > On Tue 22-01-19 16:21:13, Greg KH wrote:
> > [...]
> > > diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
> > > index 022d4cbb3618..18ee657fb918 100644
> > > --- a/mm/memblock.c
> > > +++ b/mm/memblock.c
> > > @@ -1998,8 +1998,7 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(memblock_debug);
> > >  static int __init memblock_init_debugfs(void)
> > >  {
> > >  	struct dentry *root = debugfs_create_dir("memblock", NULL);
> > > -	if (!root)
> > > -		return -ENXIO;
> > > +
> > >  	debugfs_create_file("memory", 0444, root,
> > >  			    &memblock.memory, &memblock_debug_fops);
> > >  	debugfs_create_file("reserved", 0444, root,
> > 
> > I haven't really read the whole patch but this has just hit my eyes. Is
> > this a correct behavior?
> > 
> > Documentations says:
> >  * @parent: a pointer to the parent dentry for this file.  This should be a
> >  *          directory dentry if set.  If this parameter is NULL, then the
> >  *          file will be created in the root of the debugfs filesystem.
> > 
> > so in case of failure we would get those debugfs files outside of their
> > intended scope. I believe it is much more correct to simply not create
> > anything, no?
> 
> If debugfs_create_dir() returns NULL, then something is really wrong
> (you passed it an invalid pointer as the parent dentry, or free memory
> is gone), so there's nothing you can do except keep moving forward and
> take that result and pass it as any parent pointer you want to.  Your
> code logic should never care if a debugfs file is created or not, it is
> "fire and forget".

OK, but does it make any sense to continue creating files when you know
that the parent directory has failed to create? What kind of advantage
does this have?

> And any result of a debugfs call, like this one, that is to be passed
> into another debugfs call, will work just fine if the first one failed
> (the second one usually will also fail, which is fine.)
> 
> Also, and this is the biggest problem, everyone gets the return value
> check wrong thinking NULL will be an error, it is one type of error, but
> other ones are also returned and no one checks them properly.  So just
> don't check at all, that is the design goal here.

sounds like a poor design goal to me but not mine code to maintain so...
-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions
  2019-01-22 16:07     ` Michal Hocko
@ 2019-01-22 16:27       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  2019-01-22 17:29         ` Michal Hocko
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman @ 2019-01-22 16:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michal Hocko
  Cc: linux-kernel, Andrew Morton, Vlastimil Babka, David Rientjes,
	Laura Abbott, linux-mm

On Tue, Jan 22, 2019 at 05:07:01PM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Tue 22-01-19 16:52:55, Greg KH wrote:
> > On Tue, Jan 22, 2019 at 04:31:02PM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > > On Tue 22-01-19 16:21:13, Greg KH wrote:
> > > [...]
> > > > diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
> > > > index 022d4cbb3618..18ee657fb918 100644
> > > > --- a/mm/memblock.c
> > > > +++ b/mm/memblock.c
> > > > @@ -1998,8 +1998,7 @@ DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE(memblock_debug);
> > > >  static int __init memblock_init_debugfs(void)
> > > >  {
> > > >  	struct dentry *root = debugfs_create_dir("memblock", NULL);
> > > > -	if (!root)
> > > > -		return -ENXIO;
> > > > +
> > > >  	debugfs_create_file("memory", 0444, root,
> > > >  			    &memblock.memory, &memblock_debug_fops);
> > > >  	debugfs_create_file("reserved", 0444, root,
> > > 
> > > I haven't really read the whole patch but this has just hit my eyes. Is
> > > this a correct behavior?
> > > 
> > > Documentations says:
> > >  * @parent: a pointer to the parent dentry for this file.  This should be a
> > >  *          directory dentry if set.  If this parameter is NULL, then the
> > >  *          file will be created in the root of the debugfs filesystem.
> > > 
> > > so in case of failure we would get those debugfs files outside of their
> > > intended scope. I believe it is much more correct to simply not create
> > > anything, no?
> > 
> > If debugfs_create_dir() returns NULL, then something is really wrong
> > (you passed it an invalid pointer as the parent dentry, or free memory
> > is gone), so there's nothing you can do except keep moving forward and
> > take that result and pass it as any parent pointer you want to.  Your
> > code logic should never care if a debugfs file is created or not, it is
> > "fire and forget".
> 
> OK, but does it make any sense to continue creating files when you know
> that the parent directory has failed to create? What kind of advantage
> does this have?

It has no advantage or disadvantage.  And again, it can't really happen
unless the system is out of memory and in that case, everything else
just crashed anyway.

> > And any result of a debugfs call, like this one, that is to be passed
> > into another debugfs call, will work just fine if the first one failed
> > (the second one usually will also fail, which is fine.)
> > 
> > Also, and this is the biggest problem, everyone gets the return value
> > check wrong thinking NULL will be an error, it is one type of error, but
> > other ones are also returned and no one checks them properly.  So just
> > don't check at all, that is the design goal here.
> 
> sounds like a poor design goal to me but not mine code to maintain so...

The design goal was to make it as simple as possible to use, and that
includes "you do not care about the return value".  Now we do have to
return a value because some people need that for when they want to make
a subdirectory, or remove the file later on, otherwise I would have just
had everything be a void return function :)

thanks,

greg k-h

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions
  2019-01-22 16:27       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
@ 2019-01-22 17:29         ` Michal Hocko
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Michal Hocko @ 2019-01-22 17:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: linux-kernel, Andrew Morton, Vlastimil Babka, David Rientjes,
	Laura Abbott, linux-mm

On Tue 22-01-19 17:27:49, Greg KH wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 22, 2019 at 05:07:01PM +0100, Michal Hocko wrote:
[...]
> > sounds like a poor design goal to me but not mine code to maintain so...
> 
> The design goal was to make it as simple as possible to use, and that
> includes "you do not care about the return value".  Now we do have to
> return a value because some people need that for when they want to make
> a subdirectory, or remove the file later on, otherwise I would have just
> had everything be a void return function :)

I suspect that you are making assumptions which might change in the
future and this whole mess will be unfixable. But whatever I do not care
about debugfs at all.
-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2019-01-22 17:29 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-01-22 15:21 [PATCH] mm: no need to check return value of debugfs_create functions Greg Kroah-Hartman
2019-01-22 15:31 ` Michal Hocko
2019-01-22 15:52   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2019-01-22 16:07     ` Michal Hocko
2019-01-22 16:27       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2019-01-22 17:29         ` Michal Hocko

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