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* [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
@ 2019-02-13 13:19 ` Mel Gorman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Mel Gorman @ 2019-02-13 13:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Yury Norov, Vlastimil Babka, Andrea Arcangeli, David Rientjes,
	Michal Hocko, Will Deacon, Catalin Marinas, linux-kernel,
	linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm

Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches

1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")

The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.

Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
---
 mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index d295c9bc01a8..ae7e4ba5b9f5 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2170,6 +2170,11 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
 
 	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
 			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
+
+	/* high watermark be be uninitialised or very small */
+	if (!max_boost)
+		return;
+
 	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
 
 	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,

-- 
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
@ 2019-02-13 13:19 ` Mel Gorman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Mel Gorman @ 2019-02-13 13:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Andrea Arcangeli, Yury Norov, Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon,
	linux-kernel, Michal Hocko, linux-mm, linux-arm-kernel,
	David Rientjes, Vlastimil Babka

Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches

1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")

The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.

Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
---
 mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index d295c9bc01a8..ae7e4ba5b9f5 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2170,6 +2170,11 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
 
 	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
 			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
+
+	/* high watermark be be uninitialised or very small */
+	if (!max_boost)
+		return;
+
 	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
 
 	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,

-- 
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs

_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
  2019-02-13 13:19 ` Mel Gorman
@ 2019-02-13 13:20   ` Will Deacon
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2019-02-13 13:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mel Gorman
  Cc: Andrew Morton, Yury Norov, Vlastimil Babka, Andrea Arcangeli,
	David Rientjes, Michal Hocko, Catalin Marinas, linux-kernel,
	linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm

On Wed, Feb 13, 2019 at 01:19:23PM +0000, Mel Gorman wrote:
> Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> 
> 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> 
> The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
> either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
> patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.
> 
> Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
> Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +++++
>  1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index d295c9bc01a8..ae7e4ba5b9f5 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -2170,6 +2170,11 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
>  
>  	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
>  			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
> +
> +	/* high watermark be be uninitialised or very small */
> +	if (!max_boost)
> +		return;
> +
>  	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
>  
>  	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,

I can confirm that this also allows my KVM guest to boot:

Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

Will

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
@ 2019-02-13 13:20   ` Will Deacon
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2019-02-13 13:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mel Gorman
  Cc: Andrea Arcangeli, Yury Norov, Catalin Marinas, linux-kernel,
	Michal Hocko, linux-mm, linux-arm-kernel, David Rientjes,
	Andrew Morton, Vlastimil Babka

On Wed, Feb 13, 2019 at 01:19:23PM +0000, Mel Gorman wrote:
> Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> 
> 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> 
> The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
> either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
> patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.
> 
> Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
> Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +++++
>  1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index d295c9bc01a8..ae7e4ba5b9f5 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -2170,6 +2170,11 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
>  
>  	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
>  			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
> +
> +	/* high watermark be be uninitialised or very small */
> +	if (!max_boost)
> +		return;
> +
>  	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
>  
>  	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,

I can confirm that this also allows my KVM guest to boot:

Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

Will

_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
  2019-02-13 13:19 ` Mel Gorman
@ 2019-02-13 13:42   ` Vlastimil Babka
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Vlastimil Babka @ 2019-02-13 13:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mel Gorman, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Yury Norov, Andrea Arcangeli, David Rientjes, Michal Hocko,
	Will Deacon, Catalin Marinas, linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel,
	linux-mm

On 2/13/19 2:19 PM, Mel Gorman wrote:
> Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> 
> 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> 
> The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
> either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
> patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.

Hmm is it really a division by zero? The following line sets max_boost to
pageblock_nr_pages if it's zero. And where would the division happen anyway?

So I wonder what's going on, your patch should AFAICS only take effect when
zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] is 0 or 1 to begin with, otherwise max_boost is at
least 2?

Also upon closer look, I think that (prior to the patch), boost_watermark()
could be reduced (thanks to the max+min capping) to

zone->watermark_boost = pageblock_nr_pages

?

> 
> Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
> Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +++++
>  1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index d295c9bc01a8..ae7e4ba5b9f5 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -2170,6 +2170,11 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
>  
>  	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
>  			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
> +
> +	/* high watermark be be uninitialised or very small */
> +	if (!max_boost)
> +		return;
> +
>  	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
>  
>  	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,
> 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
@ 2019-02-13 13:42   ` Vlastimil Babka
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Vlastimil Babka @ 2019-02-13 13:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mel Gorman, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Andrea Arcangeli, Yury Norov, Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon,
	linux-kernel, Michal Hocko, linux-mm, David Rientjes,
	linux-arm-kernel

On 2/13/19 2:19 PM, Mel Gorman wrote:
> Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> 
> 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> 
> The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
> either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
> patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.

Hmm is it really a division by zero? The following line sets max_boost to
pageblock_nr_pages if it's zero. And where would the division happen anyway?

So I wonder what's going on, your patch should AFAICS only take effect when
zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] is 0 or 1 to begin with, otherwise max_boost is at
least 2?

Also upon closer look, I think that (prior to the patch), boost_watermark()
could be reduced (thanks to the max+min capping) to

zone->watermark_boost = pageblock_nr_pages

?

> 
> Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
> Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +++++
>  1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index d295c9bc01a8..ae7e4ba5b9f5 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -2170,6 +2170,11 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
>  
>  	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
>  			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
> +
> +	/* high watermark be be uninitialised or very small */
> +	if (!max_boost)
> +		return;
> +
>  	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
>  
>  	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,
> 


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
  2019-02-13 13:42   ` Vlastimil Babka
@ 2019-02-13 14:15     ` Mel Gorman
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Mel Gorman @ 2019-02-13 14:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Vlastimil Babka
  Cc: Andrew Morton, Yury Norov, Andrea Arcangeli, David Rientjes,
	Michal Hocko, Will Deacon, Catalin Marinas, linux-kernel,
	linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm

On Wed, Feb 13, 2019 at 02:42:36PM +0100, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
> On 2/13/19 2:19 PM, Mel Gorman wrote:
> > Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> > v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> > 
> > 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> > 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> > 
> > The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
> > either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
> > patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.
> 
> Hmm is it really a division by zero? The following line sets max_boost to
> pageblock_nr_pages if it's zero. And where would the division happen anyway?
> 
> So I wonder what's going on, your patch should AFAICS only take effect when
> zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] is 0 or 1 to begin with, otherwise max_boost is at
> least 2?
> 

The issue can occur if pageblock_nr_pages is also zero or not yet
initialised. It means the changelog is misleading because it  has to
trigger very early in boot as happened with Yury.

> Also upon closer look, I think that (prior to the patch), boost_watermark()
> could be reduced (thanks to the max+min capping) to
> 
> zone->watermark_boost = pageblock_nr_pages
> 

I don't think it's worth being fancy about it if we're hitting
fragmentation issues that early in boot.

-- 
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks
@ 2019-02-13 14:15     ` Mel Gorman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Mel Gorman @ 2019-02-13 14:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Vlastimil Babka
  Cc: Andrea Arcangeli, Yury Norov, Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon,
	linux-kernel, Michal Hocko, linux-mm, David Rientjes,
	Andrew Morton, linux-arm-kernel

On Wed, Feb 13, 2019 at 02:42:36PM +0100, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
> On 2/13/19 2:19 PM, Mel Gorman wrote:
> > Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> > v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> > 
> > 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> > 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> > 
> > The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting occurs
> > either very early in boot or if the high watermark is very small. This
> > patch checks for the conditions and avoids boosting in those cases.
> 
> Hmm is it really a division by zero? The following line sets max_boost to
> pageblock_nr_pages if it's zero. And where would the division happen anyway?
> 
> So I wonder what's going on, your patch should AFAICS only take effect when
> zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] is 0 or 1 to begin with, otherwise max_boost is at
> least 2?
> 

The issue can occur if pageblock_nr_pages is also zero or not yet
initialised. It means the changelog is misleading because it  has to
trigger very early in boot as happened with Yury.

> Also upon closer look, I think that (prior to the patch), boost_watermark()
> could be reduced (thanks to the max+min capping) to
> 
> zone->watermark_boost = pageblock_nr_pages
> 

I don't think it's worth being fancy about it if we're hitting
fragmentation issues that early in boot.

-- 
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs

_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks v2
  2019-02-13 13:19 ` Mel Gorman
@ 2019-02-13 14:30   ` Mel Gorman
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Mel Gorman @ 2019-02-13 14:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Yury Norov, Vlastimil Babka, Andrea Arcangeli, David Rientjes,
	Michal Hocko, Will Deacon, Catalin Marinas, linux-kernel,
	linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm

Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches

1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")

The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting
occurs very early in boot if the system has very little memory. This
patch avoids the division by zero error.

Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
---
 mm/page_alloc.c | 12 ++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index d295c9bc01a8..bb1c7d843ebf 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2170,6 +2170,18 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
 
 	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
 			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
+
+	/*
+	 * high watermark may be uninitialised if fragmentation occurs
+	 * very early in boot so do not boost. We do not fall
+	 * through and boost by pageblock_nr_pages as failing
+	 * allocations that early means that reclaim is not going
+	 * to help and it may even be impossible to reclaim the
+	 * boosted watermark resulting in a hang.
+	 */
+	if (!max_boost)
+		return;
+
 	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
 
 	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,

-- 
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks v2
@ 2019-02-13 14:30   ` Mel Gorman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Mel Gorman @ 2019-02-13 14:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Andrea Arcangeli, Yury Norov, Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon,
	linux-kernel, Michal Hocko, linux-mm, linux-arm-kernel,
	David Rientjes, Vlastimil Babka

Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches

1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")

The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting
occurs very early in boot if the system has very little memory. This
patch avoids the division by zero error.

Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
---
 mm/page_alloc.c | 12 ++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index d295c9bc01a8..bb1c7d843ebf 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2170,6 +2170,18 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
 
 	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
 			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
+
+	/*
+	 * high watermark may be uninitialised if fragmentation occurs
+	 * very early in boot so do not boost. We do not fall
+	 * through and boost by pageblock_nr_pages as failing
+	 * allocations that early means that reclaim is not going
+	 * to help and it may even be impossible to reclaim the
+	 * boosted watermark resulting in a hang.
+	 */
+	if (!max_boost)
+		return;
+
 	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
 
 	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,

-- 
Mel Gorman
SUSE Labs

_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks v2
  2019-02-13 14:30   ` Mel Gorman
@ 2019-02-13 14:31     ` Vlastimil Babka
  -1 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Vlastimil Babka @ 2019-02-13 14:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mel Gorman, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Yury Norov, Andrea Arcangeli, David Rientjes, Michal Hocko,
	Will Deacon, Catalin Marinas, linux-kernel, linux-arm-kernel,
	linux-mm

On 2/13/19 3:30 PM, Mel Gorman wrote:
> Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> 
> 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> 
> The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting
> occurs very early in boot if the system has very little memory. This
> patch avoids the division by zero error.
> 
> Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
> Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
> Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>

Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>

Thanks, sorry for the noise before.

> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 12 ++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index d295c9bc01a8..bb1c7d843ebf 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -2170,6 +2170,18 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
>  
>  	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
>  			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * high watermark may be uninitialised if fragmentation occurs
> +	 * very early in boot so do not boost. We do not fall
> +	 * through and boost by pageblock_nr_pages as failing
> +	 * allocations that early means that reclaim is not going
> +	 * to help and it may even be impossible to reclaim the
> +	 * boosted watermark resulting in a hang.
> +	 */
> +	if (!max_boost)
> +		return;
> +
>  	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
>  
>  	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,
> 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks v2
@ 2019-02-13 14:31     ` Vlastimil Babka
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Vlastimil Babka @ 2019-02-13 14:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mel Gorman, Andrew Morton
  Cc: Andrea Arcangeli, Yury Norov, Catalin Marinas, Will Deacon,
	linux-kernel, Michal Hocko, linux-mm, David Rientjes,
	linux-arm-kernel

On 2/13/19 3:30 PM, Mel Gorman wrote:
> Yury Norov reported that an arm64 KVM instance could not boot since after
> v5.0-rc1 and could addressed by reverting the patches
> 
> 1c30844d2dfe272d58c ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external
> 73444bc4d8f92e46a20 ("mm, page_alloc: do not wake kswapd with zone lock held")
> 
> The problem is that a division by zero error is possible if boosting
> occurs very early in boot if the system has very little memory. This
> patch avoids the division by zero error.
> 
> Fixes: 1c30844d2dfe ("mm: reclaim small amounts of memory when an external fragmentation event occurs")
> Reported-and-tested-by: Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com>
> Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>

Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>

Thanks, sorry for the noise before.

> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 12 ++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index d295c9bc01a8..bb1c7d843ebf 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -2170,6 +2170,18 @@ static inline void boost_watermark(struct zone *zone)
>  
>  	max_boost = mult_frac(zone->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH],
>  			watermark_boost_factor, 10000);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * high watermark may be uninitialised if fragmentation occurs
> +	 * very early in boot so do not boost. We do not fall
> +	 * through and boost by pageblock_nr_pages as failing
> +	 * allocations that early means that reclaim is not going
> +	 * to help and it may even be impossible to reclaim the
> +	 * boosted watermark resulting in a hang.
> +	 */
> +	if (!max_boost)
> +		return;
> +
>  	max_boost = max(pageblock_nr_pages, max_boost);
>  
>  	zone->watermark_boost = min(zone->watermark_boost + pageblock_nr_pages,
> 


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2019-02-13 14:32 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 12+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-02-13 13:19 [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks Mel Gorman
2019-02-13 13:19 ` Mel Gorman
2019-02-13 13:20 ` Will Deacon
2019-02-13 13:20   ` Will Deacon
2019-02-13 13:42 ` Vlastimil Babka
2019-02-13 13:42   ` Vlastimil Babka
2019-02-13 14:15   ` Mel Gorman
2019-02-13 14:15     ` Mel Gorman
2019-02-13 14:30 ` [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: Fix a division by zero error when boosting watermarks v2 Mel Gorman
2019-02-13 14:30   ` Mel Gorman
2019-02-13 14:31   ` Vlastimil Babka
2019-02-13 14:31     ` Vlastimil Babka

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