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From: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
To: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>,
	Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>,
	Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>,
	Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>,
	Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>,
	Ian Rogers <irogers@google.com>,
	honnappa.nagarahalli@arm.com,
	Itaru Kitayama <itaru.kitayama@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH v4 9/9] Documentation: arm64: Document PMU counters access from userspace
Date: Thu,  1 Oct 2020 09:01:16 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20201001140116.651970-10-robh@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201001140116.651970-1-robh@kernel.org>

From: Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>

Add a documentation file to describe the access to the pmu hardware
counters from userspace

Signed-off-by: Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
---
v2:
  - Update links to test examples

Changes from Raphael's v4:
  - Convert to rSt
  - Update chained event status
  - Add section for heterogeneous systems
---
 Documentation/arm64/index.rst                 |  1 +
 .../arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst        | 56 +++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 57 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
index d9665d83c53a..c712a08e7627 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ ARM64 Architecture
     legacy_instructions
     memory
     perf
+    perf_counter_user_access
     pointer-authentication
     silicon-errata
     sve
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst b/Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e49e141f10cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+=============================================
+Access to PMU hardware counter from userspace
+=============================================
+
+Overview
+--------
+The perf userspace tool relies on the PMU to monitor events. It offers an
+abstraction layer over the hardware counters since the underlying
+implementation is cpu-dependent.
+Arm64 allows userspace tools to have access to the registers storing the
+hardware counters' values directly.
+
+This targets specifically self-monitoring tasks in order to reduce the overhead
+by directly accessing the registers without having to go through the kernel.
+
+How-to
+------
+The focus is set on the armv8 pmuv3 which makes sure that the access to the pmu
+registers is enabled and that the userspace has access to the relevant
+information in order to use them.
+
+In order to have access to the hardware counter it is necessary to open the event
+using the perf tool interface: the sys_perf_event_open syscall returns a fd which
+can subsequently be used with the mmap syscall in order to retrieve a page of
+memory containing information about the event.
+The PMU driver uses this page to expose to the user the hardware counter's
+index and other necessary data. Using this index enables the user to access the
+PMU registers using the `mrs` instruction.
+
+The userspace access is supported in libperf using the perf_evsel__mmap()
+and perf_evsel__read() functions. See `tools/lib/perf/tests/test-evsel.c`_ for
+an example.
+
+About heterogeneous systems
+---------------------------
+On heterogeneous systems such as big.LITTLE, userspace PMU counter access can
+only be enabled when the tasks are pinned to a homogeneous subset of cores and
+the corresponding PMU instance is opened by specifying the 'type' attribute.
+The use of generic event types is not supported in this case.
+
+Have a look at `tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c`_ for an example. It
+can be run using the perf tool to check that the access to the registers works
+correctly from userspace:
+
+.. code-block:: sh
+
+  perf test -v user
+
+About chained events
+--------------------
+Chained events are not supported in userspace. If a 64-bit counter is requested,
+userspace access will only be enabled if the underlying counter is 64-bit.
+
+.. Links
+.. _tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c:
+   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/tree/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c
-- 
2.25.1


WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
To: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>,
	Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	Ian Rogers <irogers@google.com>,
	Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, honnappa.nagarahalli@arm.com,
	Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>,
	Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>,
	Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>,
	Itaru Kitayama <itaru.kitayama@gmail.com>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Subject: [PATCH v4 9/9] Documentation: arm64: Document PMU counters access from userspace
Date: Thu,  1 Oct 2020 09:01:16 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20201001140116.651970-10-robh@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201001140116.651970-1-robh@kernel.org>

From: Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>

Add a documentation file to describe the access to the pmu hardware
counters from userspace

Signed-off-by: Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
---
v2:
  - Update links to test examples

Changes from Raphael's v4:
  - Convert to rSt
  - Update chained event status
  - Add section for heterogeneous systems
---
 Documentation/arm64/index.rst                 |  1 +
 .../arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst        | 56 +++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 57 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
index d9665d83c53a..c712a08e7627 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@ ARM64 Architecture
     legacy_instructions
     memory
     perf
+    perf_counter_user_access
     pointer-authentication
     silicon-errata
     sve
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst b/Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e49e141f10cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/perf_counter_user_access.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+=============================================
+Access to PMU hardware counter from userspace
+=============================================
+
+Overview
+--------
+The perf userspace tool relies on the PMU to monitor events. It offers an
+abstraction layer over the hardware counters since the underlying
+implementation is cpu-dependent.
+Arm64 allows userspace tools to have access to the registers storing the
+hardware counters' values directly.
+
+This targets specifically self-monitoring tasks in order to reduce the overhead
+by directly accessing the registers without having to go through the kernel.
+
+How-to
+------
+The focus is set on the armv8 pmuv3 which makes sure that the access to the pmu
+registers is enabled and that the userspace has access to the relevant
+information in order to use them.
+
+In order to have access to the hardware counter it is necessary to open the event
+using the perf tool interface: the sys_perf_event_open syscall returns a fd which
+can subsequently be used with the mmap syscall in order to retrieve a page of
+memory containing information about the event.
+The PMU driver uses this page to expose to the user the hardware counter's
+index and other necessary data. Using this index enables the user to access the
+PMU registers using the `mrs` instruction.
+
+The userspace access is supported in libperf using the perf_evsel__mmap()
+and perf_evsel__read() functions. See `tools/lib/perf/tests/test-evsel.c`_ for
+an example.
+
+About heterogeneous systems
+---------------------------
+On heterogeneous systems such as big.LITTLE, userspace PMU counter access can
+only be enabled when the tasks are pinned to a homogeneous subset of cores and
+the corresponding PMU instance is opened by specifying the 'type' attribute.
+The use of generic event types is not supported in this case.
+
+Have a look at `tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c`_ for an example. It
+can be run using the perf tool to check that the access to the registers works
+correctly from userspace:
+
+.. code-block:: sh
+
+  perf test -v user
+
+About chained events
+--------------------
+Chained events are not supported in userspace. If a 64-bit counter is requested,
+userspace access will only be enabled if the underlying counter is 64-bit.
+
+.. Links
+.. _tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c:
+   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/tree/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c
-- 
2.25.1


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-10-01 14:01 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 58+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-01 14:01 [PATCH v4 0/9] libperf and arm64 userspace counter access support Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 1/9] arm64: pmu: Add function implementation to update event index in userpage Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 2/9] arm64: perf: Enable pmu counter direct access for perf event on armv8 Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-11-13 18:06   ` Mark Rutland
2020-11-13 18:06     ` Mark Rutland
2020-11-19 18:35     ` Rob Herring
2020-11-19 18:35       ` Rob Herring
2020-11-19 19:15     ` Will Deacon
2020-11-19 19:15       ` Will Deacon
2020-11-20 20:03       ` Rob Herring
2020-11-20 20:03         ` Rob Herring
2020-11-20 22:08         ` Rob Herring
2020-11-20 22:08           ` Rob Herring
2020-12-02 14:57         ` Rob Herring
2020-12-02 14:57           ` Rob Herring
2021-01-07  0:17           ` Rob Herring
2021-01-07  0:17             ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 3/9] tools/include: Add an initial math64.h Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 4/9] libperf: Add libperf_evsel__mmap() Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-10-14 11:05   ` Jiri Olsa
2020-10-14 11:05     ` Jiri Olsa
2020-10-16 21:39     ` Rob Herring
2020-10-16 21:39       ` Rob Herring
2020-10-19 20:15       ` Jiri Olsa
2020-10-19 20:15         ` Jiri Olsa
2020-10-20 14:38         ` Rob Herring
2020-10-20 14:38           ` Rob Herring
2020-10-20 15:35           ` Jiri Olsa
2020-10-20 15:35             ` Jiri Olsa
2020-10-20 17:11             ` Rob Herring
2020-10-20 17:11               ` Rob Herring
2020-10-21 11:24               ` Jiri Olsa
2020-10-21 11:24                 ` Jiri Olsa
2020-11-05 16:19                 ` Rob Herring
2020-11-05 16:19                   ` Rob Herring
2020-11-05 22:41                   ` Jiri Olsa
2020-11-05 22:41                     ` Jiri Olsa
2020-11-06 21:56                     ` Rob Herring
2020-11-06 21:56                       ` Rob Herring
2020-11-11 12:00                       ` Jiri Olsa
2020-11-11 12:00                         ` Jiri Olsa
2020-11-11 14:50                         ` Rob Herring
2020-11-11 14:50                           ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 5/9] libperf: tests: Add support for verbose printing Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 6/9] libperf: Add support for user space counter access Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 7/9] libperf: Add arm64 support to perf_mmap__read_self() Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` [PATCH v4 8/9] perf: arm64: Add test for userspace counter access on heterogeneous systems Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01   ` Rob Herring
2020-10-01 14:01 ` Rob Herring [this message]
2020-10-01 14:01   ` [PATCH v4 9/9] Documentation: arm64: Document PMU counters access from userspace Rob Herring

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