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From: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
To: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: <linux-block@vger.kernel.org>, Khazhy Kumykov <khazhy@google.com>,
	Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>,
	Paolo Valente <paolo.valente@linaro.org>, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Subject: [PATCH 2/2] blk: Fix lock inversion between ioc lock and bfqd lock
Date: Fri, 28 May 2021 14:30:41 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210528123041.29914-3-jack@suse.cz> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210528123041.29914-1-jack@suse.cz>

Lockdep complains about lock inversion between ioc->lock and bfqd->lock:

bfqd -> ioc:
 put_io_context+0x33/0x90 -> ioc->lock grabbed
 blk_mq_free_request+0x51/0x140
 blk_put_request+0xe/0x10
 blk_attempt_req_merge+0x1d/0x30
 elv_attempt_insert_merge+0x56/0xa0
 blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge+0x4b/0x60
 bfq_insert_requests+0x9e/0x18c0 -> bfqd->lock grabbed
 blk_mq_sched_insert_requests+0xd6/0x2b0
 blk_mq_flush_plug_list+0x154/0x280
 blk_finish_plug+0x40/0x60
 ext4_writepages+0x696/0x1320
 do_writepages+0x1c/0x80
 __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0xd7/0x120
 sync_file_range+0xac/0xf0

ioc->bfqd:
 bfq_exit_icq+0xa3/0xe0 -> bfqd->lock grabbed
 put_io_context_active+0x78/0xb0 -> ioc->lock grabbed
 exit_io_context+0x48/0x50
 do_exit+0x7e9/0xdd0
 do_group_exit+0x54/0xc0

To avoid this inversion we change blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge() to not
free the merged request but rather leave that upto the caller similarly
to blk_mq_sched_try_merge(). And in bfq_insert_requests() we make sure
to free all the merged requests after dropping bfqd->lock.

Fixes: aee69d78dec0 ("block, bfq: introduce the BFQ-v0 I/O scheduler as an extra scheduler")
Reviewed-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Paolo Valente <paolo.valente@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
---
 block/bfq-iosched.c      |  6 ++++--
 block/blk-merge.c        | 19 ++++++++-----------
 block/blk-mq-sched.c     |  5 +++--
 block/blk-mq-sched.h     |  3 ++-
 block/blk-mq.h           | 11 +++++++++++
 block/blk.h              |  2 +-
 block/elevator.c         | 11 ++++++++---
 block/mq-deadline.c      |  5 ++++-
 include/linux/elevator.h |  3 ++-
 9 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/bfq-iosched.c b/block/bfq-iosched.c
index 50a29fdf51da..5e076396b588 100644
--- a/block/bfq-iosched.c
+++ b/block/bfq-iosched.c
@@ -2317,9 +2317,9 @@ static bool bfq_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
 
 	ret = blk_mq_sched_try_merge(q, bio, nr_segs, &free);
 
+	spin_unlock_irq(&bfqd->lock);
 	if (free)
 		blk_mq_free_request(free);
-	spin_unlock_irq(&bfqd->lock);
 
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -5933,14 +5933,16 @@ static void bfq_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq,
 	struct bfq_queue *bfqq;
 	bool idle_timer_disabled = false;
 	unsigned int cmd_flags;
+	LIST_HEAD(free);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_BFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED
 	if (!cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(io_cgrp_subsys) && rq->bio)
 		bfqg_stats_update_legacy_io(q, rq);
 #endif
 	spin_lock_irq(&bfqd->lock);
-	if (blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(q, rq)) {
+	if (blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(q, rq, &free)) {
 		spin_unlock_irq(&bfqd->lock);
+		blk_mq_free_requests(&free);
 		return;
 	}
 
diff --git a/block/blk-merge.c b/block/blk-merge.c
index 4d97fb6dd226..1398b52a24b4 100644
--- a/block/blk-merge.c
+++ b/block/blk-merge.c
@@ -846,18 +846,15 @@ static struct request *attempt_front_merge(struct request_queue *q,
 	return NULL;
 }
 
-int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
-			  struct request *next)
+/*
+ * Try to merge 'next' into 'rq'. Return true if the merge happened, false
+ * otherwise. The caller is responsible for freeing 'next' if the merge
+ * happened.
+ */
+bool blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
+			   struct request *next)
 {
-	struct request *free;
-
-	free = attempt_merge(q, rq, next);
-	if (free) {
-		blk_put_request(free);
-		return 1;
-	}
-
-	return 0;
+	return attempt_merge(q, rq, next);
 }
 
 bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio)
diff --git a/block/blk-mq-sched.c b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
index 714e678f516a..bf0a3dec8226 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq-sched.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sched.c
@@ -400,9 +400,10 @@ bool __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-bool blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
+bool blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
+				   struct list_head *free)
 {
-	return rq_mergeable(rq) && elv_attempt_insert_merge(q, rq);
+	return rq_mergeable(rq) && elv_attempt_insert_merge(q, rq, free);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge);
 
diff --git a/block/blk-mq-sched.h b/block/blk-mq-sched.h
index 5b18ab915c65..8b70de4b8d23 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq-sched.h
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sched.h
@@ -11,7 +11,8 @@ bool blk_mq_sched_try_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
 		unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **merged_request);
 bool __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
 		unsigned int nr_segs);
-bool blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq);
+bool blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
+				   struct list_head *free);
 void blk_mq_sched_mark_restart_hctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx);
 void blk_mq_sched_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx);
 
diff --git a/block/blk-mq.h b/block/blk-mq.h
index 81a775171be7..20ef743a3ff6 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.h
+++ b/block/blk-mq.h
@@ -301,6 +301,17 @@ static inline struct blk_plug *blk_mq_plug(struct request_queue *q,
 	return NULL;
 }
 
+/* Free all requests on the list */
+static inline void blk_mq_free_requests(struct list_head *list)
+{
+	while (!list_empty(list)) {
+		struct request *rq = list_entry_rq(list->next);
+
+		list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
+		blk_mq_free_request(rq);
+	}
+}
+
 /*
  * For shared tag users, we track the number of currently active users
  * and attempt to provide a fair share of the tag depth for each of them.
diff --git a/block/blk.h b/block/blk.h
index 8b3591aee0a5..99ef4f7e7a70 100644
--- a/block/blk.h
+++ b/block/blk.h
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *,
 void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs);
 int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio,
 		unsigned int nr_segs);
-int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
+bool blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
 				struct request *next);
 unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq);
 void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq);
diff --git a/block/elevator.c b/block/elevator.c
index 440699c28119..62e9c672da7c 100644
--- a/block/elevator.c
+++ b/block/elevator.c
@@ -350,9 +350,11 @@ enum elv_merge elv_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request **req,
  * we can append 'rq' to an existing request, so we can throw 'rq' away
  * afterwards.
  *
- * Returns true if we merged, false otherwise
+ * Returns true if we merged, false otherwise. 'free' will contain all
+ * requests that need to be freed.
  */
-bool elv_attempt_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
+bool elv_attempt_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,
+			      struct list_head *free)
 {
 	struct request *__rq;
 	bool ret;
@@ -363,8 +365,10 @@ bool elv_attempt_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
 	/*
 	 * First try one-hit cache.
 	 */
-	if (q->last_merge && blk_attempt_req_merge(q, q->last_merge, rq))
+	if (q->last_merge && blk_attempt_req_merge(q, q->last_merge, rq)) {
+		list_add(&rq->queuelist, free);
 		return true;
+	}
 
 	if (blk_queue_noxmerges(q))
 		return false;
@@ -378,6 +382,7 @@ bool elv_attempt_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
 		if (!__rq || !blk_attempt_req_merge(q, __rq, rq))
 			break;
 
+		list_add(&rq->queuelist, free);
 		/* The merged request could be merged with others, try again */
 		ret = true;
 		rq = __rq;
diff --git a/block/mq-deadline.c b/block/mq-deadline.c
index 8eea2cbf2bf4..7136262819f1 100644
--- a/block/mq-deadline.c
+++ b/block/mq-deadline.c
@@ -487,6 +487,7 @@ static void dd_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq,
 	struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
 	struct deadline_data *dd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
 	const int data_dir = rq_data_dir(rq);
+	LIST_HEAD(free);
 
 	/*
 	 * This may be a requeue of a write request that has locked its
@@ -494,8 +495,10 @@ static void dd_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq,
 	 */
 	blk_req_zone_write_unlock(rq);
 
-	if (blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(q, rq))
+	if (blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(q, rq, &free)) {
+		blk_mq_free_requests(&free);
 		return;
+	}
 
 	trace_block_rq_insert(rq);
 
diff --git a/include/linux/elevator.h b/include/linux/elevator.h
index dcb2f9022c1d..1a5965174f5b 100644
--- a/include/linux/elevator.h
+++ b/include/linux/elevator.h
@@ -117,7 +117,8 @@ extern void elv_merge_requests(struct request_queue *, struct request *,
 			       struct request *);
 extern void elv_merged_request(struct request_queue *, struct request *,
 		enum elv_merge);
-extern bool elv_attempt_insert_merge(struct request_queue *, struct request *);
+extern bool elv_attempt_insert_merge(struct request_queue *, struct request *,
+				     struct list_head *);
 extern struct request *elv_former_request(struct request_queue *, struct request *);
 extern struct request *elv_latter_request(struct request_queue *, struct request *);
 
-- 
2.26.2


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-05-28 12:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-28 12:30 [PATCH 0/2 v3] block: Fix deadlock when merging requests with BFQ Jan Kara
2021-05-28 12:30 ` [PATCH 1/2] bfq: Remove merged request already in bfq_requests_merged() Jan Kara
2021-05-28 12:30 ` Jan Kara [this message]
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2021-06-23  9:36 [PATCH 0/2 v4] block: Fix deadlock when merging requests with BFQ Jan Kara
2021-06-23  9:36 ` [PATCH 2/2] blk: Fix lock inversion between ioc lock and bfqd lock Jan Kara
2021-05-24 10:04 [PATCH 0/2 v2] block: Fix deadlock when merging requests with BFQ Jan Kara
2021-05-24 10:04 ` [PATCH 2/2] blk: Fix lock inversion between ioc lock and bfqd lock Jan Kara
2021-05-25  0:29   ` Ming Lei
2021-05-28  9:33   ` Paolo Valente
2021-05-20 22:33 [PATCH 0/2] block: Fix deadlock when merging requests with BFQ Jan Kara
2021-05-20 22:33 ` [PATCH 2/2] blk: Fix lock inversion between ioc lock and bfqd lock Jan Kara
2021-05-21  0:57   ` Ming Lei
2021-05-21  3:29     ` Khazhy Kumykov
2021-05-21  6:54       ` Ming Lei
2021-05-21 12:05         ` Jan Kara
2021-05-21 13:36           ` Ming Lei
2021-05-21 13:47             ` Jan Kara

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