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From: Claire Chang <tientzu@chromium.org>
To: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	mpe@ellerman.id.au, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>,
	boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com, jgross@suse.com,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Cc: benh@kernel.crashing.org, paulus@samba.org,
	"list@263.net:IOMMU DRIVERS" <iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org>,
	sstabellini@kernel.org, Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>,
	grant.likely@arm.com, xypron.glpk@gmx.de,
	Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>,
	mingo@kernel.org, bauerman@linux.ibm.com, peterz@infradead.org,
	Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	heikki.krogerus@linux.intel.com,
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>,
	linux-devicetree <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	lkml <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org, xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>,
	Jim Quinlan <james.quinlan@broadcom.com>,
	tfiga@chromium.org, bskeggs@redhat.com, bhelgaas@google.com,
	chris@chris-wilson.co.uk, tientzu@chromium.org, daniel@ffwll.ch,
	airlied@linux.ie, dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org,
	intel-gfx@lists.freedesktop.org, jani.nikula@linux.intel.com,
	jxgao@google.com, joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com,
	linux-pci@vger.kernel.org, maarten.lankhorst@linux.intel.com,
	matthew.auld@intel.com, rodrigo.vivi@intel.com,
	thomas.hellstrom@linux.intel.com
Subject: [PATCH v9 00/14] Restricted DMA
Date: Fri, 11 Jun 2021 23:26:45 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210611152659.2142983-1-tientzu@chromium.org> (raw)

This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
leading to data leakage or corruption.

For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
full chain of exploits; [2], [3]).

To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms [4]).

[1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
[1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
[2] https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
[3] https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
[4] https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132

v9:
Address the comments in v7 to
  - set swiotlb active pool to dev->dma_io_tlb_mem
  - get rid of get_io_tlb_mem
  - dig out the device struct for is_swiotlb_active
  - move debugfs_create_dir out of swiotlb_create_debugfs
  - do set_memory_decrypted conditionally in swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
  - use IS_ENABLED in kernel/dma/direct.c
  - fix redefinition of 'of_dma_set_restricted_buffer'

v8:
- Fix reserved-memory.txt and add the reg property in example.
- Fix sizeof for of_property_count_elems_of_size in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Apply Will's suggestion to try the OF node having DMA configuration in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Fix typo in the comment of drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Add error message for PageHighMem in
  kernel/dma/swiotlb.c#rmem_swiotlb_device_init and move it to
  rmem_swiotlb_setup.
- Fix the message string in rmem_swiotlb_setup.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1437112/

v7:
Fix debugfs, PageHighMem and comment style in rmem_swiotlb_device_init
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1431031/

v6:
Address the comments in v5
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1423201/

v5:
Rebase on latest linux-next
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1416899/

v4:
- Fix spinlock bad magic
- Use rmem->name for debugfs entry
- Address the comments in v3
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1378113/

v3:
Using only one reserved memory region for both streaming DMA and memory
allocation.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1360992/

v2:
Building on top of swiotlb.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1280705/

v1:
Using dma_map_ops.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1271660/


Claire Chang (14):
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs
  swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Bounce data from/to restricted DMA pool if available
  swiotlb: Move alloc_size to find_slots
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
  dma-direct: Add a new wrapper __dma_direct_free_pages()
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support.
  dma-direct: Allocate memory from restricted DMA pool if available
  dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
  of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool

 .../reserved-memory/reserved-memory.txt       |  36 ++-
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/i915_gem_internal.c  |   2 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_ttm.c         |   2 +-
 drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c                     |  12 +-
 drivers/of/address.c                          |  33 +++
 drivers/of/device.c                           |   6 +
 drivers/of/of_private.h                       |   6 +
 drivers/pci/xen-pcifront.c                    |   2 +-
 drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c                     |   2 +-
 include/linux/device.h                        |   4 +
 include/linux/swiotlb.h                       |  45 +++-
 kernel/dma/Kconfig                            |  14 +
 kernel/dma/direct.c                           |  62 +++--
 kernel/dma/direct.h                           |   9 +-
 kernel/dma/swiotlb.c                          | 242 +++++++++++++-----
 15 files changed, 376 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)

-- 
2.32.0.272.g935e593368-goog


WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Claire Chang <tientzu@chromium.org>
To: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	mpe@ellerman.id.au, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>,
	boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com, jgross@suse.com,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Cc: heikki.krogerus@linux.intel.com,
	thomas.hellstrom@linux.intel.com, peterz@infradead.org,
	joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com, dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org,
	chris@chris-wilson.co.uk, grant.likely@arm.com, paulus@samba.org,
	mingo@kernel.org, jxgao@google.com, sstabellini@kernel.org,
	Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>,
	xypron.glpk@gmx.de,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>,
	bskeggs@redhat.com, linux-pci@vger.kernel.org,
	xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>,
	intel-gfx@lists.freedesktop.org, matthew.auld@intel.com,
	linux-devicetree <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	daniel@ffwll.ch, airlied@linux.ie,
	maarten.lankhorst@linux.intel.com, linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org,
	jani.nikula@linux.intel.com,
	Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>,
	rodrigo.vivi@intel.com, bhelgaas@google.com,
	tientzu@chromium.org, Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>,
	Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	lkml <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	tfiga@chromium.org,
	"list@263.net:IOMMU DRIVERS" <iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org>,
	Jim Quinlan <james.quinlan@broadcom.com>,
	Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>,
	bauerman@linux.ibm.com
Subject: [PATCH v9 00/14] Restricted DMA
Date: Fri, 11 Jun 2021 23:26:45 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210611152659.2142983-1-tientzu@chromium.org> (raw)

This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
leading to data leakage or corruption.

For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
full chain of exploits; [2], [3]).

To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms [4]).

[1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
[1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
[2] https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
[3] https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
[4] https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132

v9:
Address the comments in v7 to
  - set swiotlb active pool to dev->dma_io_tlb_mem
  - get rid of get_io_tlb_mem
  - dig out the device struct for is_swiotlb_active
  - move debugfs_create_dir out of swiotlb_create_debugfs
  - do set_memory_decrypted conditionally in swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
  - use IS_ENABLED in kernel/dma/direct.c
  - fix redefinition of 'of_dma_set_restricted_buffer'

v8:
- Fix reserved-memory.txt and add the reg property in example.
- Fix sizeof for of_property_count_elems_of_size in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Apply Will's suggestion to try the OF node having DMA configuration in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Fix typo in the comment of drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Add error message for PageHighMem in
  kernel/dma/swiotlb.c#rmem_swiotlb_device_init and move it to
  rmem_swiotlb_setup.
- Fix the message string in rmem_swiotlb_setup.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1437112/

v7:
Fix debugfs, PageHighMem and comment style in rmem_swiotlb_device_init
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1431031/

v6:
Address the comments in v5
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1423201/

v5:
Rebase on latest linux-next
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1416899/

v4:
- Fix spinlock bad magic
- Use rmem->name for debugfs entry
- Address the comments in v3
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1378113/

v3:
Using only one reserved memory region for both streaming DMA and memory
allocation.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1360992/

v2:
Building on top of swiotlb.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1280705/

v1:
Using dma_map_ops.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1271660/


Claire Chang (14):
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs
  swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Bounce data from/to restricted DMA pool if available
  swiotlb: Move alloc_size to find_slots
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
  dma-direct: Add a new wrapper __dma_direct_free_pages()
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support.
  dma-direct: Allocate memory from restricted DMA pool if available
  dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
  of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool

 .../reserved-memory/reserved-memory.txt       |  36 ++-
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/i915_gem_internal.c  |   2 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_ttm.c         |   2 +-
 drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c                     |  12 +-
 drivers/of/address.c                          |  33 +++
 drivers/of/device.c                           |   6 +
 drivers/of/of_private.h                       |   6 +
 drivers/pci/xen-pcifront.c                    |   2 +-
 drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c                     |   2 +-
 include/linux/device.h                        |   4 +
 include/linux/swiotlb.h                       |  45 +++-
 kernel/dma/Kconfig                            |  14 +
 kernel/dma/direct.c                           |  62 +++--
 kernel/dma/direct.h                           |   9 +-
 kernel/dma/swiotlb.c                          | 242 +++++++++++++-----
 15 files changed, 376 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)

-- 
2.32.0.272.g935e593368-goog


WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Claire Chang <tientzu@chromium.org>
To: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	mpe@ellerman.id.au, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>,
	boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com, jgross@suse.com,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Cc: heikki.krogerus@linux.intel.com,
	thomas.hellstrom@linux.intel.com, peterz@infradead.org,
	benh@kernel.crashing.org, joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com,
	dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org, chris@chris-wilson.co.uk,
	grant.likely@arm.com, paulus@samba.org, mingo@kernel.org,
	jxgao@google.com, sstabellini@kernel.org,
	Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>,
	xypron.glpk@gmx.de,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>,
	bskeggs@redhat.com, linux-pci@vger.kernel.org,
	xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>,
	intel-gfx@lists.freedesktop.org, matthew.auld@intel.com,
	linux-devicetree <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	daniel@ffwll.ch, airlied@linux.ie,
	maarten.lankhorst@linux.intel.com, linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org,
	jani.nikula@linux.intel.com,
	Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>,
	rodrigo.vivi@intel.com, bhelgaas@google.com,
	tientzu@chromium.org, Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>,
	Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	lkml <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"list@263.net:IOMMU DRIVERS" <iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org>,
	Jim Quinlan <james.quinlan@broadcom.com>,
	Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>,
	bauerman@linux.ibm.com
Subject: [PATCH v9 00/14] Restricted DMA
Date: Fri, 11 Jun 2021 23:26:45 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210611152659.2142983-1-tientzu@chromium.org> (raw)

This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
leading to data leakage or corruption.

For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
full chain of exploits; [2], [3]).

To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms [4]).

[1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
[1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
[2] https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
[3] https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
[4] https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132

v9:
Address the comments in v7 to
  - set swiotlb active pool to dev->dma_io_tlb_mem
  - get rid of get_io_tlb_mem
  - dig out the device struct for is_swiotlb_active
  - move debugfs_create_dir out of swiotlb_create_debugfs
  - do set_memory_decrypted conditionally in swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
  - use IS_ENABLED in kernel/dma/direct.c
  - fix redefinition of 'of_dma_set_restricted_buffer'

v8:
- Fix reserved-memory.txt and add the reg property in example.
- Fix sizeof for of_property_count_elems_of_size in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Apply Will's suggestion to try the OF node having DMA configuration in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Fix typo in the comment of drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Add error message for PageHighMem in
  kernel/dma/swiotlb.c#rmem_swiotlb_device_init and move it to
  rmem_swiotlb_setup.
- Fix the message string in rmem_swiotlb_setup.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1437112/

v7:
Fix debugfs, PageHighMem and comment style in rmem_swiotlb_device_init
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1431031/

v6:
Address the comments in v5
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1423201/

v5:
Rebase on latest linux-next
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1416899/

v4:
- Fix spinlock bad magic
- Use rmem->name for debugfs entry
- Address the comments in v3
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1378113/

v3:
Using only one reserved memory region for both streaming DMA and memory
allocation.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1360992/

v2:
Building on top of swiotlb.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1280705/

v1:
Using dma_map_ops.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1271660/


Claire Chang (14):
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs
  swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Bounce data from/to restricted DMA pool if available
  swiotlb: Move alloc_size to find_slots
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
  dma-direct: Add a new wrapper __dma_direct_free_pages()
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support.
  dma-direct: Allocate memory from restricted DMA pool if available
  dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
  of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool

 .../reserved-memory/reserved-memory.txt       |  36 ++-
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/i915_gem_internal.c  |   2 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_ttm.c         |   2 +-
 drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c                     |  12 +-
 drivers/of/address.c                          |  33 +++
 drivers/of/device.c                           |   6 +
 drivers/of/of_private.h                       |   6 +
 drivers/pci/xen-pcifront.c                    |   2 +-
 drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c                     |   2 +-
 include/linux/device.h                        |   4 +
 include/linux/swiotlb.h                       |  45 +++-
 kernel/dma/Kconfig                            |  14 +
 kernel/dma/direct.c                           |  62 +++--
 kernel/dma/direct.h                           |   9 +-
 kernel/dma/swiotlb.c                          | 242 +++++++++++++-----
 15 files changed, 376 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)

-- 
2.32.0.272.g935e593368-goog

_______________________________________________
iommu mailing list
iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Claire Chang <tientzu@chromium.org>
To: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	mpe@ellerman.id.au, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>,
	boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com, jgross@suse.com,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Cc: heikki.krogerus@linux.intel.com,
	thomas.hellstrom@linux.intel.com, peterz@infradead.org,
	dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org, chris@chris-wilson.co.uk,
	grant.likely@arm.com, paulus@samba.org, mingo@kernel.org,
	jxgao@google.com, sstabellini@kernel.org,
	Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>,
	xypron.glpk@gmx.de,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>,
	bskeggs@redhat.com, linux-pci@vger.kernel.org,
	xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>,
	intel-gfx@lists.freedesktop.org, matthew.auld@intel.com,
	linux-devicetree <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	airlied@linux.ie, Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>,
	Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>,
	rodrigo.vivi@intel.com, bhelgaas@google.com,
	tientzu@chromium.org, Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>,
	Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	lkml <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	tfiga@chromium.org,
	"list@263.net:IOMMU DRIVERS" <iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org>,
	Jim Quinlan <james.quinlan@broadcom.com>,
	linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org, bauerman@linux.ibm.com
Subject: [PATCH v9 00/14] Restricted DMA
Date: Fri, 11 Jun 2021 23:26:45 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210611152659.2142983-1-tientzu@chromium.org> (raw)

This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
leading to data leakage or corruption.

For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
full chain of exploits; [2], [3]).

To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms [4]).

[1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
[1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
[2] https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
[3] https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
[4] https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132

v9:
Address the comments in v7 to
  - set swiotlb active pool to dev->dma_io_tlb_mem
  - get rid of get_io_tlb_mem
  - dig out the device struct for is_swiotlb_active
  - move debugfs_create_dir out of swiotlb_create_debugfs
  - do set_memory_decrypted conditionally in swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
  - use IS_ENABLED in kernel/dma/direct.c
  - fix redefinition of 'of_dma_set_restricted_buffer'

v8:
- Fix reserved-memory.txt and add the reg property in example.
- Fix sizeof for of_property_count_elems_of_size in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Apply Will's suggestion to try the OF node having DMA configuration in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Fix typo in the comment of drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Add error message for PageHighMem in
  kernel/dma/swiotlb.c#rmem_swiotlb_device_init and move it to
  rmem_swiotlb_setup.
- Fix the message string in rmem_swiotlb_setup.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1437112/

v7:
Fix debugfs, PageHighMem and comment style in rmem_swiotlb_device_init
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1431031/

v6:
Address the comments in v5
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1423201/

v5:
Rebase on latest linux-next
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1416899/

v4:
- Fix spinlock bad magic
- Use rmem->name for debugfs entry
- Address the comments in v3
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1378113/

v3:
Using only one reserved memory region for both streaming DMA and memory
allocation.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1360992/

v2:
Building on top of swiotlb.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1280705/

v1:
Using dma_map_ops.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1271660/


Claire Chang (14):
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs
  swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Bounce data from/to restricted DMA pool if available
  swiotlb: Move alloc_size to find_slots
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
  dma-direct: Add a new wrapper __dma_direct_free_pages()
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support.
  dma-direct: Allocate memory from restricted DMA pool if available
  dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
  of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool

 .../reserved-memory/reserved-memory.txt       |  36 ++-
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/i915_gem_internal.c  |   2 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_ttm.c         |   2 +-
 drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c                     |  12 +-
 drivers/of/address.c                          |  33 +++
 drivers/of/device.c                           |   6 +
 drivers/of/of_private.h                       |   6 +
 drivers/pci/xen-pcifront.c                    |   2 +-
 drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c                     |   2 +-
 include/linux/device.h                        |   4 +
 include/linux/swiotlb.h                       |  45 +++-
 kernel/dma/Kconfig                            |  14 +
 kernel/dma/direct.c                           |  62 +++--
 kernel/dma/direct.h                           |   9 +-
 kernel/dma/swiotlb.c                          | 242 +++++++++++++-----
 15 files changed, 376 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)

-- 
2.32.0.272.g935e593368-goog


WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Claire Chang <tientzu@chromium.org>
To: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	mpe@ellerman.id.au, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com>,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>,
	boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com, jgross@suse.com,
	Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
	Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
Cc: heikki.krogerus@linux.intel.com,
	thomas.hellstrom@linux.intel.com, peterz@infradead.org,
	benh@kernel.crashing.org, dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org,
	chris@chris-wilson.co.uk, grant.likely@arm.com, paulus@samba.org,
	mingo@kernel.org, jxgao@google.com, sstabellini@kernel.org,
	Saravana Kannan <saravanak@google.com>,
	xypron.glpk@gmx.de,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>,
	bskeggs@redhat.com, linux-pci@vger.kernel.org,
	xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org,
	Thierry Reding <treding@nvidia.com>,
	intel-gfx@lists.freedesktop.org, matthew.auld@intel.com,
	linux-devicetree <devicetree@vger.kernel.org>,
	airlied@linux.ie, Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>,
	Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>,
	bhelgaas@google.com, tientzu@chromium.org,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>,
	Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>,
	lkml <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	tfiga@chromium.org,
	"list@263.net:IOMMU DRIVERS" <iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org>,
	Jim Quinlan <james.quinlan@broadcom.com>,
	linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org, bauerman@linux.ibm.com
Subject: [Intel-gfx] [PATCH v9 00/14] Restricted DMA
Date: Fri, 11 Jun 2021 23:26:45 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210611152659.2142983-1-tientzu@chromium.org> (raw)

This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
leading to data leakage or corruption.

For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
full chain of exploits; [2], [3]).

To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms [4]).

[1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
[1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
[2] https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
[3] https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
[4] https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132

v9:
Address the comments in v7 to
  - set swiotlb active pool to dev->dma_io_tlb_mem
  - get rid of get_io_tlb_mem
  - dig out the device struct for is_swiotlb_active
  - move debugfs_create_dir out of swiotlb_create_debugfs
  - do set_memory_decrypted conditionally in swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
  - use IS_ENABLED in kernel/dma/direct.c
  - fix redefinition of 'of_dma_set_restricted_buffer'

v8:
- Fix reserved-memory.txt and add the reg property in example.
- Fix sizeof for of_property_count_elems_of_size in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Apply Will's suggestion to try the OF node having DMA configuration in
  drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Fix typo in the comment of drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Add error message for PageHighMem in
  kernel/dma/swiotlb.c#rmem_swiotlb_device_init and move it to
  rmem_swiotlb_setup.
- Fix the message string in rmem_swiotlb_setup.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1437112/

v7:
Fix debugfs, PageHighMem and comment style in rmem_swiotlb_device_init
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1431031/

v6:
Address the comments in v5
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1423201/

v5:
Rebase on latest linux-next
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1416899/

v4:
- Fix spinlock bad magic
- Use rmem->name for debugfs entry
- Address the comments in v3
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1378113/

v3:
Using only one reserved memory region for both streaming DMA and memory
allocation.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1360992/

v2:
Building on top of swiotlb.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1280705/

v1:
Using dma_map_ops.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1271660/


Claire Chang (14):
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs
  swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Bounce data from/to restricted DMA pool if available
  swiotlb: Move alloc_size to find_slots
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
  dma-direct: Add a new wrapper __dma_direct_free_pages()
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support.
  dma-direct: Allocate memory from restricted DMA pool if available
  dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
  of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool

 .../reserved-memory/reserved-memory.txt       |  36 ++-
 drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/i915_gem_internal.c  |   2 +-
 drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_ttm.c         |   2 +-
 drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c                     |  12 +-
 drivers/of/address.c                          |  33 +++
 drivers/of/device.c                           |   6 +
 drivers/of/of_private.h                       |   6 +
 drivers/pci/xen-pcifront.c                    |   2 +-
 drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c                     |   2 +-
 include/linux/device.h                        |   4 +
 include/linux/swiotlb.h                       |  45 +++-
 kernel/dma/Kconfig                            |  14 +
 kernel/dma/direct.c                           |  62 +++--
 kernel/dma/direct.h                           |   9 +-
 kernel/dma/swiotlb.c                          | 242 +++++++++++++-----
 15 files changed, 376 insertions(+), 101 deletions(-)

-- 
2.32.0.272.g935e593368-goog

_______________________________________________
Intel-gfx mailing list
Intel-gfx@lists.freedesktop.org
https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/intel-gfx

             reply	other threads:[~2021-06-11 15:28 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 144+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-06-11 15:26 Claire Chang [this message]
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 01/14] swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:16   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:16     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:16     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:16     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-15  4:06     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-15  4:06       ` Claire Chang
2021-06-15  4:06       ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-15  4:06       ` Claire Chang
2021-06-15  4:06       ` Claire Chang
2021-06-15  4:06       ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 02/14] swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:17   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:17     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:17     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:17     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 03/14] swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:33   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:33     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:33     ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:33     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:33     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:33     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:20     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:20       ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:20       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:20       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 04/14] swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:21   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:21     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:21     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:21     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 05/14] swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:21   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:21     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:21     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:21     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 06/14] swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:34   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:34     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:34     ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:34     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:34     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:34     ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:23   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:23     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:23     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:23     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 07/14] swiotlb: Bounce data from/to restricted DMA pool if available Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:25   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:25     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:25     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:25     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 08/14] swiotlb: Move alloc_size to find_slots Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:25   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:25     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:25     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:25     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 09/14] swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:26   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:26     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:26     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:26     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 10/14] dma-direct: Add a new wrapper __dma_direct_free_pages() Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 11/14] swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-14  6:28   ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:28     ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:28     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:28     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:28     ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:28       ` [Intel-gfx] " Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:28       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-14  6:28       ` Christoph Hellwig
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 12/14] dma-direct: Allocate memory from restricted DMA pool if available Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 13/14] dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26 ` [PATCH v9 14/14] of: Add plumbing for " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 15:26   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-11 17:37 ` [Intel-gfx] ✗ Fi.CI.BUILD: failure for Restricted DMA Patchwork
2021-06-15 13:30 ` [PATCH v9 00/14] " Claire Chang
2021-06-15 13:30   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-15 13:30   ` [Intel-gfx] " Claire Chang
2021-06-15 13:30   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-15 13:30   ` Claire Chang
2021-06-15 13:30   ` Claire Chang

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