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From: "Russell King (Oracle)" <>
To: Joakim Zhang <>
Cc: Andrew Lunn <>, Vladimir Oltean <>,
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	"" <>,
	"" <>,
	"" <>,
	"" <>,
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	dl-linux-imx <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] net: stmmac: fix MAC not working when system resume back with WoL enabled
Date: Fri, 3 Sep 2021 09:01:48 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Fri, Sep 03, 2021 at 06:51:09AM +0000, Joakim Zhang wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Andrew Lunn <>
> > Sent: 2021年9月2日 20:24
> > To: Joakim Zhang <>
> > Cc: Russell King <>; Vladimir Oltean
> > <>;;
> >;;
> >;;;
> >;;;
> > dl-linux-imx <>
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH] net: stmmac: fix MAC not working when system resume
> > back with WoL enabled
> > 
> > > Emm,, Andrew is much familiar with FEC, and PHY
> > > maintainers, Could you please help put insights here if possible?
> > 
> > All the boards i have either have an Ethernet Switch connected to the MAC, or
> > a Micrel PHY. None are setup for WoL, since it is not used in the use case of
> > these boards.
> > 
> > I think you need to scatter some printk() in various places to confirm what is
> > going on. Where is the WoL implemented: MAC or PHY, what is suspended or
> > not, etc.
> Thanks Andrew, Russell,
> I confirmed FEC is MAC-based WoL, and PHY is active when system suspended if MAC-based WoL is active.
> I scatter printk() in both phy_device.c and realtek.c phy driver to debug this for both WoL active and inactive case.
> When MAC-based WoL is active, phy_suspend() is the last point to actually suspend the PHY, you can see that,
> 	phy_ethtool_get_wol(phydev, &wol);
> 	if (wol.wolopts || (netdev && netdev->wol_enabled))
> 		return -EBUSY;
> Here, netdev is true and netdev->wol_enabled is ture (net/ethtool/wol.c: ethnl_set_wol() -> dev->wol_enabled = !!wol.wolopts;)
> So that phydev->suspend() would not be called, PHY is active after system suspended. PHY can receive packets and pass to MAC,
> MAC is responsible for detecting magic packets then generate a wakeup interrupt. So all is fine for FEC, and the behavior is clear.

What happens on resume with FEC?

> For STMMAC, when MAC-based WoL is active, according to the current implementation, only call phylink_mac_change()=false,
> PHY would be active, so PHY can receive packets then pass to MAC, MAC ignore packets except magic packets. System can be
> waked up successfully.
> The issue is that phylink_mac_change()=false only notify a phylink of a change in MAC state, as we analyzed before, PHY would link up again
> before system suspended, which lead to .mac_link_up can't be called when system resume back. Unfortunately, all MAC configurations
> are in stmmac_mac_link_up(), as a result, MAC has not been initialized correctly when system resume back, so that it can't work any longer.

Oh, I thought your problem was that the system didn't wake up.

In any case, remove the calls to phylink_mac_change() from the suspend
and resume functions, they are completely _incorrect_.

> Intend to fix this obvious breakage, I did some work:
> Removing phylink_mac_change() (Russell said it's for MLO_AN_INBAND, but we have a MLO_AN_PHY) from suspend/resume path,
> then adding phylink_stop() in suspend, phylink_start() in resume() also for WoL active path. I found remote magic packets can't wake up the
> system, I firstly suspect PHY may be suspended. After further debug, I confirm that PHY is active, and stmmac_pmt() is correctly configured.

As I've said a few times now, if the MAC is doing the wakeup, you
need the PHY to MAC link to be up, so you should _not_ call
phylink_stop() and phylink_start() from the suspend/resume functions
because they will take the link down.

Maybe I should provide phylink_suspend()/phylink_resume() which look
at the netdev state just like phylib does, and conditionally call
phylink_stop() and phylink_start() so driver authors don't have to
consider this.

Something like:

 * @mac_wol: true if the MAC needs to receive packets for Wake-on-Lan
void phylink_suspend(struct phylink *phylink, bool mac_wol)

	if (!mac_wol && !(phylink->netdev && phylink->netdev->wol_active))

 * @mac_wol: true if the MAC needs to receive packets for Wake-on-Lan
 * @mac_wol must have the same value as passed previously to
 * phylink_suspend().
void phylink_resume(struct phylink *phylink, bool mac_wol)

	if (!mac_wol && !(phylink->netdev && phylink->netdev->wol_active))

> The conclusion is that, as long as we call phylink_stop() for WoL active in suspend(), then system can't be waked up any longer, and the PHY
> situation is active. This let me recall what Russell mentioned in this thread, if we need bring MAC link up with phylink framework to let MAC
> can see traffic from PHY when MAC-based WoL is active? 
> Now, I don't know where I can further dig into this issue, if you have any advice please share with me , thanks in advance.

So my question now is: as the MAC needs to be alive while the system
is suspended, that implies that it has been configured to receive
packets. When the system resumes, why exactly doesn't the MAC continue
to work? Does the MAC get reset after the system comes out of resume
and lose all of its configuration?

Reading what stmmac_resume() does, it seems that may well be the case,
or if not, the actions of stmmac_resume() ends up reprogramming a great
deal of the device setup. If this is the case, then yes, we need phylink
to be triggered to reconfigure the link - which we could do in
phylink_resume() if mac_wol was active.

While reading stmmac_resume(), I have to question the placement of this
code block:

        if (!device_may_wakeup(priv->device) || !priv->plat->pmt) {
                /* We may have called phylink_speed_down before */

in the sequence there - phylink_start() should be called when you're
ready for the link to come up - in other words, when you're ready to
start seeing packets arrive at the MAC's interface. However, the
code following is clearing and resetting up queues, restoring receive
modes, setting up the hardware, and restoring the vlan filtering.
Surely all that should happen before calling phylink_start(), much
like it already does in stmmac_open() ?

RMK's Patch system:
FTTP is here! 40Mbps down 10Mbps up. Decent connectivity at last!

  reply	other threads:[~2021-09-03  8:04 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 32+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-09-01  9:02 Joakim Zhang
2021-09-01  9:13 ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-01 10:21   ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-01 12:56     ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-02  7:01       ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-01 15:40     ` Heiner Kallweit
2021-09-02  7:35       ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-01  9:21 ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-09-01 10:25   ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-01 10:56     ` Vladimir Oltean
2021-09-01 11:42       ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-01 13:25         ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-02  7:28           ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-02  8:32             ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-02 10:26               ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-02 10:49                 ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-02 11:15                   ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-02 12:24                     ` Andrew Lunn
2021-09-03  6:51                       ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-03  8:01                         ` Russell King (Oracle) [this message]
2021-09-03  8:39                           ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-03  9:32                             ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-03 11:04                               ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-03 12:01                                 ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-03 20:12                                   ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2021-09-06  2:29                                     ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-06  9:34                                       ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-06 10:41                                         ` Joakim Zhang
2021-09-06 11:21                                           ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-06 13:23                                             ` Andrew Lunn
2021-09-07  8:52                                             ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-09-06  2:21                                   ` Joakim Zhang

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