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* [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory
@ 2021-11-16  9:47 Ard Biesheuvel
  2021-11-16 12:04 ` Russell King (Oracle)
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2021-11-16  9:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-mm
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Quanyang Wang, Linus Walleij, Thomas Gleixner,
	Russell King, Andrew Morton

The kmap_local conversion broke the ARM architecture, because the new
code assumes that all PTEs used for creating kmaps form a linear array
in memory, and uses array indexing to look up the kmap PTE belonging to
a certain kmap index.

On ARM, this cannot work, not only because the PTE pages may be
non-adjacent in memory, but also because ARM/!LPAE interleaves hardware
entries and extended entries (carrying software-only bits) in a way that
is not compatible with array indexing.

Fortunately, this only seems to affect configurations with more than 8
CPUs, due to the way the per-CPU kmap slots are organized in memory.

Work around this by permitting an architecture to set a Kconfig symbol
that signifies that the kmap PTEs do not form a lineary array in memory,
and so the only way to locate the appropriate one is to walk the page
tables.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/20211026131249.3731275-1-ardb@kernel.org/
Reported-by: Quanyang Wang <quanyang.wang@windriver.com>
Reviewed-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
---
Resent to linux-mm on akpm's request

 arch/arm/Kconfig |  1 +
 mm/Kconfig       |  3 ++
 mm/highmem.c     | 32 +++++++++++++-------
 3 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
index 899830259bed..5d4ab8e8477f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -1470,6 +1470,7 @@ config HIGHMEM
 	bool "High Memory Support"
 	depends on MMU
 	select KMAP_LOCAL
+	select KMAP_LOCAL_NON_LINEAR_PTE_ARRAY
 	help
 	  The address space of ARM processors is only 4 Gigabytes large
 	  and it has to accommodate user address space, kernel address
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 068ce591a13a..28edafc820ad 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -890,6 +890,9 @@ config MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS
 config KMAP_LOCAL
 	bool
 
+config KMAP_LOCAL_NON_LINEAR_PTE_ARRAY
+	bool
+
 # struct io_mapping based helper.  Selected by drivers that need them
 config IO_MAPPING
 	bool
diff --git a/mm/highmem.c b/mm/highmem.c
index 88f65f155845..ca9fa8c92593 100644
--- a/mm/highmem.c
+++ b/mm/highmem.c
@@ -503,16 +503,22 @@ static inline int kmap_local_calc_idx(int idx)
 
 static pte_t *__kmap_pte;
 
-static pte_t *kmap_get_pte(void)
+static pte_t *kmap_get_pte(unsigned long vaddr, int idx)
 {
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KMAP_LOCAL_NON_LINEAR_PTE_ARRAY))
+		/*
+		 * Set by the arch if __kmap_pte[-idx] does not produce
+		 * the correct entry.
+		 */
+		return virt_to_kpte(vaddr);
 	if (!__kmap_pte)
 		__kmap_pte = virt_to_kpte(__fix_to_virt(FIX_KMAP_BEGIN));
-	return __kmap_pte;
+	return &__kmap_pte[-idx];
 }
 
 void *__kmap_local_pfn_prot(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
 {
-	pte_t pteval, *kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte();
+	pte_t pteval, *kmap_pte;
 	unsigned long vaddr;
 	int idx;
 
@@ -524,9 +530,10 @@ void *__kmap_local_pfn_prot(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
 	preempt_disable();
 	idx = arch_kmap_local_map_idx(kmap_local_idx_push(), pfn);
 	vaddr = __fix_to_virt(FIX_KMAP_BEGIN + idx);
-	BUG_ON(!pte_none(*(kmap_pte - idx)));
+	kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte(vaddr, idx);
+	BUG_ON(!pte_none(*kmap_pte));
 	pteval = pfn_pte(pfn, prot);
-	arch_kmap_local_set_pte(&init_mm, vaddr, kmap_pte - idx, pteval);
+	arch_kmap_local_set_pte(&init_mm, vaddr, kmap_pte, pteval);
 	arch_kmap_local_post_map(vaddr, pteval);
 	current->kmap_ctrl.pteval[kmap_local_idx()] = pteval;
 	preempt_enable();
@@ -559,7 +566,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kmap_local_page_prot);
 void kunmap_local_indexed(void *vaddr)
 {
 	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) vaddr & PAGE_MASK;
-	pte_t *kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte();
+	pte_t *kmap_pte;
 	int idx;
 
 	if (addr < __fix_to_virt(FIX_KMAP_END) ||
@@ -584,8 +591,9 @@ void kunmap_local_indexed(void *vaddr)
 	idx = arch_kmap_local_unmap_idx(kmap_local_idx(), addr);
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(addr != __fix_to_virt(FIX_KMAP_BEGIN + idx));
 
+	kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte(addr, idx);
 	arch_kmap_local_pre_unmap(addr);
-	pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, kmap_pte - idx);
+	pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, kmap_pte);
 	arch_kmap_local_post_unmap(addr);
 	current->kmap_ctrl.pteval[kmap_local_idx()] = __pte(0);
 	kmap_local_idx_pop();
@@ -607,7 +615,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(kunmap_local_indexed);
 void __kmap_local_sched_out(void)
 {
 	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
-	pte_t *kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte();
+	pte_t *kmap_pte;
 	int i;
 
 	/* Clear kmaps */
@@ -634,8 +642,9 @@ void __kmap_local_sched_out(void)
 		idx = arch_kmap_local_map_idx(i, pte_pfn(pteval));
 
 		addr = __fix_to_virt(FIX_KMAP_BEGIN + idx);
+		kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte(addr, idx);
 		arch_kmap_local_pre_unmap(addr);
-		pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, kmap_pte - idx);
+		pte_clear(&init_mm, addr, kmap_pte);
 		arch_kmap_local_post_unmap(addr);
 	}
 }
@@ -643,7 +652,7 @@ void __kmap_local_sched_out(void)
 void __kmap_local_sched_in(void)
 {
 	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
-	pte_t *kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte();
+	pte_t *kmap_pte;
 	int i;
 
 	/* Restore kmaps */
@@ -663,7 +672,8 @@ void __kmap_local_sched_in(void)
 		/* See comment in __kmap_local_sched_out() */
 		idx = arch_kmap_local_map_idx(i, pte_pfn(pteval));
 		addr = __fix_to_virt(FIX_KMAP_BEGIN + idx);
-		set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, kmap_pte - idx, pteval);
+		kmap_pte = kmap_get_pte(addr, idx);
+		set_pte_at(&init_mm, addr, kmap_pte, pteval);
 		arch_kmap_local_post_map(addr, pteval);
 	}
 }
-- 
2.30.2



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory
  2021-11-16  9:47 [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2021-11-16 12:04 ` Russell King (Oracle)
  2021-11-16 22:12 ` Andrew Morton
  2021-11-25 11:00 ` Thomas Gleixner
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Russell King (Oracle) @ 2021-11-16 12:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ard Biesheuvel
  Cc: linux-mm, Quanyang Wang, Linus Walleij, Thomas Gleixner, Andrew Morton

On Tue, Nov 16, 2021 at 10:47:37AM +0100, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> The kmap_local conversion broke the ARM architecture, because the new
> code assumes that all PTEs used for creating kmaps form a linear array
> in memory, and uses array indexing to look up the kmap PTE belonging to
> a certain kmap index.
> 
> On ARM, this cannot work, not only because the PTE pages may be
> non-adjacent in memory, but also because ARM/!LPAE interleaves hardware
> entries and extended entries (carrying software-only bits) in a way that
> is not compatible with array indexing.
> 
> Fortunately, this only seems to affect configurations with more than 8
> CPUs, due to the way the per-CPU kmap slots are organized in memory.
> 
> Work around this by permitting an architecture to set a Kconfig symbol
> that signifies that the kmap PTEs do not form a lineary array in memory,
> and so the only way to locate the appropriate one is to walk the page
> tables.
> 
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/20211026131249.3731275-1-ardb@kernel.org/
> Reported-by: Quanyang Wang <quanyang.wang@windriver.com>
> Reviewed-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>

Acked-by: Russell King (Oracle) <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>

Thanks.

-- 
RMK's Patch system: https://www.armlinux.org.uk/developer/patches/
FTTP is here! 40Mbps down 10Mbps up. Decent connectivity at last!


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory
  2021-11-16  9:47 [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory Ard Biesheuvel
  2021-11-16 12:04 ` Russell King (Oracle)
@ 2021-11-16 22:12 ` Andrew Morton
  2021-11-16 22:13   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  2021-11-25 11:00 ` Thomas Gleixner
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Andrew Morton @ 2021-11-16 22:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ard Biesheuvel
  Cc: linux-mm, Quanyang Wang, Linus Walleij, Thomas Gleixner, Russell King

On Tue, 16 Nov 2021 10:47:37 +0100 Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> wrote:

> The kmap_local conversion broke the ARM architecture, because the new
> code assumes that all PTEs used for creating kmaps form a linear array
> in memory, and uses array indexing to look up the kmap PTE belonging to
> a certain kmap index.
> 
> On ARM, this cannot work, not only because the PTE pages may be
> non-adjacent in memory, but also because ARM/!LPAE interleaves hardware
> entries and extended entries (carrying software-only bits) in a way that
> is not compatible with array indexing.
> 
> Fortunately, this only seems to affect configurations with more than 8
> CPUs, due to the way the per-CPU kmap slots are organized in memory.
> 
> Work around this by permitting an architecture to set a Kconfig symbol
> that signifies that the kmap PTEs do not form a lineary array in memory,
> and so the only way to locate the appropriate one is to walk the page
> tables.

A Fixes: link would be helpful.

kmap_local() was a year ago, so is a -stable backport desired here?


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory
  2021-11-16 22:12 ` Andrew Morton
@ 2021-11-16 22:13   ` Ard Biesheuvel
  2021-11-16 22:15     ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2021-11-16 22:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Linux Memory Management List, Quanyang Wang, Linus Walleij,
	Thomas Gleixner, Russell King

On Tue, 16 Nov 2021 at 23:12, Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>
> On Tue, 16 Nov 2021 10:47:37 +0100 Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> > The kmap_local conversion broke the ARM architecture, because the new
> > code assumes that all PTEs used for creating kmaps form a linear array
> > in memory, and uses array indexing to look up the kmap PTE belonging to
> > a certain kmap index.
> >
> > On ARM, this cannot work, not only because the PTE pages may be
> > non-adjacent in memory, but also because ARM/!LPAE interleaves hardware
> > entries and extended entries (carrying software-only bits) in a way that
> > is not compatible with array indexing.
> >
> > Fortunately, this only seems to affect configurations with more than 8
> > CPUs, due to the way the per-CPU kmap slots are organized in memory.
> >
> > Work around this by permitting an architecture to set a Kconfig symbol
> > that signifies that the kmap PTEs do not form a lineary array in memory,
> > and so the only way to locate the appropriate one is to walk the page
> > tables.
>
> A Fixes: link would be helpful.
>
> kmap_local() was a year ago, so is a -stable backport desired here?

Fixes: 1834eb1a6027 ("kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear
arrays in memory")
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory
  2021-11-16 22:13   ` Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2021-11-16 22:15     ` Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2021-11-16 22:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton
  Cc: Linux Memory Management List, Quanyang Wang, Linus Walleij,
	Thomas Gleixner, Russell King

On Tue, 16 Nov 2021 at 23:13, Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Tue, 16 Nov 2021 at 23:12, Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, 16 Nov 2021 10:47:37 +0100 Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > > The kmap_local conversion broke the ARM architecture, because the new
> > > code assumes that all PTEs used for creating kmaps form a linear array
> > > in memory, and uses array indexing to look up the kmap PTE belonging to
> > > a certain kmap index.
> > >
> > > On ARM, this cannot work, not only because the PTE pages may be
> > > non-adjacent in memory, but also because ARM/!LPAE interleaves hardware
> > > entries and extended entries (carrying software-only bits) in a way that
> > > is not compatible with array indexing.
> > >
> > > Fortunately, this only seems to affect configurations with more than 8
> > > CPUs, due to the way the per-CPU kmap slots are organized in memory.
> > >
> > > Work around this by permitting an architecture to set a Kconfig symbol
> > > that signifies that the kmap PTEs do not form a lineary array in memory,
> > > and so the only way to locate the appropriate one is to walk the page
> > > tables.
> >
> > A Fixes: link would be helpful.
> >
> > kmap_local() was a year ago, so is a -stable backport desired here?
>
> Fixes: 1834eb1a6027 ("kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear
> arrays in memory")

Oops that should be

Fixes: 2a15ba82fa6c ("ARM: highmem: Switch to generic kmap atomic")


> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory
  2021-11-16  9:47 [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory Ard Biesheuvel
  2021-11-16 12:04 ` Russell King (Oracle)
  2021-11-16 22:12 ` Andrew Morton
@ 2021-11-25 11:00 ` Thomas Gleixner
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2021-11-25 11:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Ard Biesheuvel, linux-mm
  Cc: Ard Biesheuvel, Quanyang Wang, Linus Walleij, Russell King,
	Andrew Morton

On Tue, Nov 16 2021 at 10:47, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> The kmap_local conversion broke the ARM architecture, because the new
> code assumes that all PTEs used for creating kmaps form a linear array
> in memory, and uses array indexing to look up the kmap PTE belonging to
> a certain kmap index.
>
> On ARM, this cannot work, not only because the PTE pages may be
> non-adjacent in memory, but also because ARM/!LPAE interleaves hardware
> entries and extended entries (carrying software-only bits) in a way that
> is not compatible with array indexing.
>
> Fortunately, this only seems to affect configurations with more than 8
> CPUs, due to the way the per-CPU kmap slots are organized in memory.

Ooops. I completely missed that detail. Sorry for the wreckage.

> Work around this by permitting an architecture to set a Kconfig symbol
> that signifies that the kmap PTEs do not form a lineary array in memory,
> and so the only way to locate the appropriate one is to walk the page
> tables.
> +static pte_t *kmap_get_pte(unsigned long vaddr, int idx)
>  {
> +	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KMAP_LOCAL_NON_LINEAR_PTE_ARRAY))
> +		/*
> +		 * Set by the arch if __kmap_pte[-idx] does not produce
> +		 * the correct entry.
> +		 */
> +		return virt_to_kpte(vaddr);

Nit. The above is not a one line statement (even if it is from a
compiler perspective).

	/*
	 * Does the architecture have non-linear KMAP pte entries which
	 * cannot be accessed by index?
	 */
	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KMAP_LOCAL_NON_LINEAR_PTE_ARRAY))
		return virt_to_kpte(vaddr);

or
	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KMAP_LOCAL_NON_LINEAR_PTE_ARRAY)) {
        	/* PTE entries cannot be accessed by index. */
		return virt_to_kpte(vaddr);
        }

are readable but this is really breaking the brain OCR:

	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KMAP_LOCAL_NON_LINEAR_PTE_ARRAY))
		/*
		 * Set by the arch if __kmap_pte[-idx] does not produce
		 * the correct entry.
		 */
		return virt_to_kpte(vaddr);
  	if (!__kmap_pte)

Other than that.

Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-11-25 11:02 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-11-16  9:47 [PATCH resend] kmap_local: don't assume kmap PTEs are linear arrays in memory Ard Biesheuvel
2021-11-16 12:04 ` Russell King (Oracle)
2021-11-16 22:12 ` Andrew Morton
2021-11-16 22:13   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-11-16 22:15     ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-11-25 11:00 ` Thomas Gleixner

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