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From: Douglas Anderson <>
To: Rob Herring <>,
	Bjorn Andersson <>
Cc: Matthias Kaehlcke <>,
	Alexandru M Stan <>,,,
	Julius Werner <>,
	Andy Gross <>,
	Stephen Boyd <>,
	Krzysztof Kozlowski <>,
	Rajendra Nayak <>,
	"Joseph S . Barrera III" <>,,
	Douglas Anderson <>,
	Jonathan Corbet <>,,
Subject: [PATCH v4 1/5] dt-bindings: Document how Chromebooks with depthcharge boot
Date: Fri, 20 May 2022 14:38:41 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20220520143502.v4.1.I71e42c6174f1cec17da3024c9f73ba373263b9b6@changeid> (raw)

This documents how many Chromebooks pick the device tree that will be
passed to the OS and can help understand the revisions / SKUs listed
as the top-level "compatible" in many Chromebooks.

Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <>
In my opinion this could land through the Qualcomm dts64 tree, mostly
because I want to land bindings patches in that tree that refer to
it. Since it's a new file it seems like there ought to be few

Changes in v4:
- Add reference to depthcharge and FIT Image.
- A few rst syntax fixups found by using a different rst preview.
- Updated wording as per Stephen.

Changes in v3:
- Fix up typos as per Matthias.
- Move under Documentation/arm/google/ as per Krzysztof.
- Add missing newline at end of file.

Changes in v2:
- ("Document how Chromebooks with depthcharge boot") new for v2.

 .../arm/google/chromebook-boot-flow.rst       | 69 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 69 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/arm/google/chromebook-boot-flow.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/arm/google/chromebook-boot-flow.rst b/Documentation/arm/google/chromebook-boot-flow.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..36da77684bba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/arm/google/chromebook-boot-flow.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+Chromebook Boot Flow
+Most recent Chromebooks that use device tree are using the opensource
+depthcharge_ bootloader. Depthcharge_ expects the OS to be packaged as a `FIT
+Image`_ which contains an OS image as well as a collection of device trees. It
+is up to depthcharge_ to pick the right device tree from the `FIT Image`_ and
+provide it to the OS.
+The scheme that depthcharge_ uses to pick the device tree takes into account
+three variables:
+- Board name, specified at depthcharge_ compile time. This is $(BOARD) below.
+- Board revision number, determined at runtime (perhaps by reading GPIO
+  strappings, perhaps via some other method). This is $(REV) below.
+- SKU number, read from GPIO strappings at boot time. This is $(SKU) below.
+For recent Chromebooks, depthcharge_ creates a match list that looks like this:
+- google,$(BOARD)-rev$(REV)-sku$(SKU)
+- google,$(BOARD)-rev$(REV)
+- google,$(BOARD)-sku$(SKU)
+- google,$(BOARD)
+Note that some older Chromebooks use a slightly different list that may
+not include SKU matching or may prioritize SKU/rev differently.
+Note that for some boards there may be extra board-specific logic to inject
+extra compatibles into the list, but this is uncommon.
+Depthcharge_ will look through all device trees in the `FIT Image`_ trying to
+find one that matches the most specific compatible. It will then look
+through all device trees in the `FIT Image`_ trying to find the one that
+matches the *second most* specific compatible, etc.
+When searching for a device tree, depthcharge_ doesn't care where the
+compatible string falls within a device tree's root compatible string array.
+As an example, if we're on board "lazor", rev 4, SKU 0 and we have two device
+- "google,lazor-rev5-sku0", "google,lazor-rev4-sku0", "qcom,sc7180"
+- "google,lazor", "qcom,sc7180"
+Then depthcharge_ will pick the first device tree even though
+"google,lazor-rev4-sku0" was the second compatible listed in that device tree.
+This is because it is a more specific compatible than "google,lazor".
+It should be noted that depthcharge_ does not have any smarts to try to
+match board or SKU revisions that are "close by". That is to say that
+if depthcharge_ knows it's on "rev4" of a board but there is no "rev4"
+device tree then depthcharge_ *won't* look for a "rev3" device tree.
+In general when any significant changes are made to a board the board
+revision number is increased even if none of those changes need to
+be reflected in the device tree. Thus it's fairly common to see device
+trees with multiple revisions.
+It should be noted that, taking into account the above system that
+depthcharge_ has, the most flexibility is achieved if the device tree
+supporting the newest revision(s) of a board omits the "-rev{REV}"
+compatible strings. When this is done then if you get a new board
+revision and try to run old software on it then we'll at pick the
+newest device tree we know about.
+.. _depthcharge:
+.. _`FIT Image`:

             reply	other threads:[~2022-05-20 21:38 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-05-20 21:38 Douglas Anderson [this message]
2022-05-20 21:38 ` [PATCH v4 2/5] dt-bindings: arm: qcom: Mention that Chromebooks use a different scheme Douglas Anderson
2022-05-22  7:54   ` Krzysztof Kozlowski
2022-05-20 21:38 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] dt-bindings: arm: qcom: Add sc7180 Chromebook board bindings Douglas Anderson
2022-05-22  7:57   ` Krzysztof Kozlowski
2022-05-23 16:16     ` Doug Anderson
2022-05-24  9:34       ` Krzysztof Kozlowski
2022-05-24 23:00         ` Doug Anderson
2022-05-20 21:38 ` [PATCH v4 4/5] dt-bindings: arm: qcom: Add / fix sc7280 " Douglas Anderson
2022-06-22  8:27   ` Krzysztof Kozlowski
2022-06-22 13:51     ` Doug Anderson
2022-05-20 21:38 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] dt-bindings: arm: qcom: Add more sc7180 Chromebook " Douglas Anderson
2022-05-22  8:01   ` Krzysztof Kozlowski
2022-05-23 16:19     ` Doug Anderson
2022-06-01 23:26       ` Rob Herring
2022-06-27 20:02 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] dt-bindings: Document how Chromebooks with depthcharge boot Bjorn Andersson

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