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From: Ben Dooks <ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk>
To: linux-kernel@lists.codethink.co.uk, linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
Cc: palmer@dabbelt.com, aou@eecs.berkeley.edu,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Ben Dooks <ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk>,
	Bin Meng <bmeng.cn@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH] [PATCH v2] riscv: add as-options for modules with assembly compontents
Date: Sun, 29 May 2022 16:22:00 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20220529152200.609809-1-ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk> (raw)

When trying to load modules built for RISC-V which include assembly files
the kernel loader errors with "unexpected relocation type 'R_RISCV_ALIGN'"
due to R_RISCV_ALIGN relocations being generated by the assembler.

The R_RISCV_ALIGN relocations can be removed at the expense of code space
by adding -mno-relax to gcc and as.  In commit 7a8e7da42250138
("RISC-V: Fixes to module loading") -mno-relax is added to the build
variable KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE. See [1] for more info.

The issue is that when kbuild builds a .S file, it invokes gcc with
the -mno-relax flag, but this is not being passed through to the
assembler. Adding -Wa,-mno-relax to KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE ensures that
the assembler is invoked correctly. This may have now been fixed in
gcc[2] and this addition should not stop newer gcc and as from working.

[1] https://github.com/riscv/riscv-elf-psabi-doc/issues/183
[2] https://github.com/gcc-mirror/gcc/commit/3b0a7d624e64eeb81e4d5e8c62c46d86ef521857

Notes:

Signed-off-by: Ben Dooks <ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: Bin Meng <bmeng.cn@gmail.com>
---
 arch/riscv/Makefile | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Makefile b/arch/riscv/Makefile
index 1f5c03082976..fca40511a8c6 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/Makefile
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS),y)
 endif
 
 KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE += $(call cc-option,-mno-relax)
+KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE += $(call as-option,-Wa$(comma)-mno-relax)
 
 # GCC versions that support the "-mstrict-align" option default to allowing
 # unaligned accesses.  While unaligned accesses are explicitly allowed in the
-- 
2.35.1


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WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Ben Dooks <ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk>
To: linux-kernel@lists.codethink.co.uk, linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
Cc: palmer@dabbelt.com, aou@eecs.berkeley.edu,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Ben Dooks <ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk>,
	Bin Meng <bmeng.cn@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH] [PATCH v2] riscv: add as-options for modules with assembly compontents
Date: Sun, 29 May 2022 16:22:00 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20220529152200.609809-1-ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk> (raw)

When trying to load modules built for RISC-V which include assembly files
the kernel loader errors with "unexpected relocation type 'R_RISCV_ALIGN'"
due to R_RISCV_ALIGN relocations being generated by the assembler.

The R_RISCV_ALIGN relocations can be removed at the expense of code space
by adding -mno-relax to gcc and as.  In commit 7a8e7da42250138
("RISC-V: Fixes to module loading") -mno-relax is added to the build
variable KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE. See [1] for more info.

The issue is that when kbuild builds a .S file, it invokes gcc with
the -mno-relax flag, but this is not being passed through to the
assembler. Adding -Wa,-mno-relax to KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE ensures that
the assembler is invoked correctly. This may have now been fixed in
gcc[2] and this addition should not stop newer gcc and as from working.

[1] https://github.com/riscv/riscv-elf-psabi-doc/issues/183
[2] https://github.com/gcc-mirror/gcc/commit/3b0a7d624e64eeb81e4d5e8c62c46d86ef521857

Notes:

Signed-off-by: Ben Dooks <ben.dooks@codethink.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: Bin Meng <bmeng.cn@gmail.com>
---
 arch/riscv/Makefile | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Makefile b/arch/riscv/Makefile
index 1f5c03082976..fca40511a8c6 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/Makefile
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS),y)
 endif
 
 KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE += $(call cc-option,-mno-relax)
+KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE += $(call as-option,-Wa$(comma)-mno-relax)
 
 # GCC versions that support the "-mstrict-align" option default to allowing
 # unaligned accesses.  While unaligned accesses are explicitly allowed in the
-- 
2.35.1


             reply	other threads:[~2022-05-29 15:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-05-29 15:22 Ben Dooks [this message]
2022-05-29 15:22 ` Ben Dooks
2022-07-21 19:53 ` Palmer Dabbelt
2022-07-21 19:53   ` Palmer Dabbelt
2022-07-25 11:38   ` Ben Dooks
2022-07-25 11:42     ` Conor.Dooley
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2021-07-20 14:44 Ben Dooks
2021-07-20 14:44 ` Ben Dooks
2021-08-10  8:49 ` Ben Dooks
2021-08-10  8:49   ` Ben Dooks

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