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From: Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
To: <linux-sound@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>, Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>,
	Takashi Sakamoto <takaswie@kernel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v4 1/2] ALSA: pcm: reinvent the stream synchronization ID API
Date: Tue,  7 May 2024 15:30:50 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20240507133551.607171-2-perex@perex.cz> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20240507133551.607171-1-perex@perex.cz>

Until the commit e11f0f90a626 ("ALSA: pcm: remove SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_INFO
internal command"), there was a possibility to pass information
about the synchronized streams to the user space. The mentioned
commit removed blindly the appropriate code with an irrelevant comment.

The revert may be appropriate, but since this API was lost for several
years without any complains, it's time to improve it. The hardware
parameters may change the used stream clock source (e.g. USB hardware)
so move this synchronization ID to hw_params as read-only field.

It seems that pipewire can benefit from this API (disable adaptive
resampling for perfectly synchronized PCM streams) now.

Cc: Takashi Sakamoto <takaswie@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
---
 include/sound/pcm.h         |  3 ++-
 include/uapi/sound/asound.h | 13 ++++---------
 sound/core/pcm_lib.c        | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++----
 sound/core/pcm_native.c     |  6 ++++++
 sound/pci/emu10k1/p16v.c    |  7 +++----
 5 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/sound/pcm.h b/include/sound/pcm.h
index 210096f124ee..f187d4c9b420 100644
--- a/include/sound/pcm.h
+++ b/include/sound/pcm.h
@@ -93,6 +93,7 @@ struct snd_pcm_ops {
 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_CHANNEL_INFO	2
 /* 3 is absent slot. */
 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_FIFO_SIZE	4
+#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_SYNC_ID	5
 
 #define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP		0
 #define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START		1
@@ -396,7 +397,7 @@ struct snd_pcm_runtime {
 	snd_pcm_uframes_t silence_start; /* starting pointer to silence area */
 	snd_pcm_uframes_t silence_filled; /* already filled part of silence area */
 
-	union snd_pcm_sync_id sync;	/* hardware synchronization ID */
+	unsigned char sync[16];		/* hardware synchronization ID */
 
 	/* -- mmap -- */
 	struct snd_pcm_mmap_status *status;
diff --git a/include/uapi/sound/asound.h b/include/uapi/sound/asound.h
index 628d46a0da92..c458172b32d5 100644
--- a/include/uapi/sound/asound.h
+++ b/include/uapi/sound/asound.h
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ struct snd_hwdep_dsp_image {
  *                                                                           *
  *****************************************************************************/
 
-#define SNDRV_PCM_VERSION		SNDRV_PROTOCOL_VERSION(2, 0, 17)
+#define SNDRV_PCM_VERSION		SNDRV_PROTOCOL_VERSION(2, 0, 18)
 
 typedef unsigned long snd_pcm_uframes_t;
 typedef signed long snd_pcm_sframes_t;
@@ -330,12 +330,6 @@ enum {
 #endif
 };
 
-union snd_pcm_sync_id {
-	unsigned char id[16];
-	unsigned short id16[8];
-	unsigned int id32[4];
-};
-
 struct snd_pcm_info {
 	unsigned int device;		/* RO/WR (control): device number */
 	unsigned int subdevice;		/* RO/WR (control): subdevice number */
@@ -348,7 +342,7 @@ struct snd_pcm_info {
 	int dev_subclass;		/* SNDRV_PCM_SUBCLASS_* */
 	unsigned int subdevices_count;
 	unsigned int subdevices_avail;
-	union snd_pcm_sync_id sync;	/* hardware synchronization ID */
+	unsigned char pad1[16];		/* was: hardware synchronization ID */
 	unsigned char reserved[64];	/* reserved for future... */
 };
 
@@ -420,7 +414,8 @@ struct snd_pcm_hw_params {
 	unsigned int rate_num;		/* R: rate numerator */
 	unsigned int rate_den;		/* R: rate denominator */
 	snd_pcm_uframes_t fifo_size;	/* R: chip FIFO size in frames */
-	unsigned char reserved[64];	/* reserved for future */
+	unsigned char sync[16];		/* R: synchronization ID (perfect sync - one clock source) */
+	unsigned char reserved[48];	/* reserved for future */
 };
 
 enum {
diff --git a/sound/core/pcm_lib.c b/sound/core/pcm_lib.c
index 6f73b3c2c205..57ed4ffc891a 100644
--- a/sound/core/pcm_lib.c
+++ b/sound/core/pcm_lib.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
  *                   Abramo Bagnara <abramo@alsa-project.org>
  */
 
+#include <asm/unaligned.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
 #include <linux/time.h>
@@ -525,10 +526,8 @@ void snd_pcm_set_sync(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 {
 	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 	
-	runtime->sync.id32[0] = substream->pcm->card->number;
-	runtime->sync.id32[1] = -1;
-	runtime->sync.id32[2] = -1;
-	runtime->sync.id32[3] = -1;
+	*(__u32 *)runtime->sync = cpu_to_le32(substream->pcm->card->number);
+	memset(runtime->sync + 4, 0xff, sizeof(runtime->sync) - 4);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_set_sync);
 
@@ -1810,6 +1809,24 @@ static int snd_pcm_lib_ioctl_fifo_size(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/**
+ * is sync id (clock id) empty?
+ */
+static inline bool pcm_sync_empty(const unsigned char *sync)
+{
+	return get_unaligned((__u64 *)(sync + 0)) == 0 && get_unaligned((__u64 *)(sync + 8)) == 0;
+}
+
+static int snd_pcm_lib_ioctl_sync_id(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
+				     void *arg)
+{
+	struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params = arg;
+
+	if (pcm_sync_empty(params->sync))
+		memcpy(params->sync, substream->runtime->sync, sizeof(params->sync));
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /**
  * snd_pcm_lib_ioctl - a generic PCM ioctl callback
  * @substream: the pcm substream instance
@@ -1831,6 +1848,8 @@ int snd_pcm_lib_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 		return snd_pcm_lib_ioctl_channel_info(substream, arg);
 	case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_FIFO_SIZE:
 		return snd_pcm_lib_ioctl_fifo_size(substream, arg);
+	case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_SYNC_ID:
+		return snd_pcm_lib_ioctl_sync_id(substream, arg);
 	}
 	return -ENXIO;
 }
diff --git a/sound/core/pcm_native.c b/sound/core/pcm_native.c
index 0b76e76823d2..63fcb08ee93d 100644
--- a/sound/core/pcm_native.c
+++ b/sound/core/pcm_native.c
@@ -533,6 +533,12 @@ static int fixup_unreferenced_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 					  SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID);
 	}
 
+	err = snd_pcm_ops_ioctl(substream,
+				SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_SYNC_ID,
+				params);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
diff --git a/sound/pci/emu10k1/p16v.c b/sound/pci/emu10k1/p16v.c
index e7f097cae574..773725dbdfbd 100644
--- a/sound/pci/emu10k1/p16v.c
+++ b/sound/pci/emu10k1/p16v.c
@@ -174,10 +174,9 @@ static int snd_p16v_pcm_open_playback_channel(struct snd_pcm_substream *substrea
 	if (err < 0)
                 return err;
 
-	runtime->sync.id32[0] = substream->pcm->card->number;
-	runtime->sync.id32[1] = 'P';
-	runtime->sync.id32[2] = 16;
-	runtime->sync.id32[3] = 'V';
+	*(__u32 *)runtime->sync = cpu_to_le32(substream->pcm->card->number);
+	memset(runtime->sync + 4, 0, sizeof(runtime->sync) - 4);
+	strncpy(runtime->sync + 4, "P16V", 4);
 
 	return 0;
 }
-- 
2.43.0


  reply	other threads:[~2024-05-07 13:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2024-05-07 13:30 [PATCH v4 0/2] ALSA: pcm: reinvent the stream synchronization ID API Jaroslav Kysela
2024-05-07 13:30 ` Jaroslav Kysela [this message]
2024-06-13 12:56   ` [PATCH v4 1/2] " Takashi Sakamoto
2024-06-13 14:20     ` Takashi Iwai
2024-06-13 14:28       ` Jaroslav Kysela
2024-06-24 13:17     ` Jaroslav Kysela
2024-05-07 13:30 ` [PATCH v4 2/2] ALSA: pcm: optimize and clarify stream sychronization " Jaroslav Kysela
2024-06-13 13:00   ` Takashi Sakamoto
2024-06-13 12:14 ` [PATCH v4 0/2] ALSA: pcm: reinvent the stream synchronization " Takashi Iwai

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