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From: Takashi Iwai <>
Subject: [PATCH] ALSA: Fix deadlocks with kctl removals at disconnection
Date: Fri, 10 May 2024 12:14:23 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

In snd_card_disconnect(), we set card->shutdown flag at the beginning,
call callbacks and do sync for card->power_ref_sleep waiters at the
end.  The callback may delete a kctl element, and this can lead to a
deadlock when the device was in the suspended state.  Namely:

* A process waits for the power up at snd_power_ref_and_wait() in
  snd_ctl_info() or read/write() inside card->controls_rwsem.

* The system gets disconnected meanwhile, and the driver tries to
  delete a kctl via snd_ctl_remove*(); it tries to take
  card->controls_rwsem again, but this is already locked by the
  above.  Since the sleeper isn't woken up, this deadlocks.

An easy fix is to wake up sleepers before processing the driver
disconnect callbacks but right after setting the card->shutdown flag.
Then all sleepers will abort immediately, and the code flows again.

So, basically this patch moves the wait_event() call at the right
timing.  While we're at it, just to be sure, call wait_event_all()
instead of wait_event(), although we don't use exclusive events on
this queue for now.

Cc: <>
Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <>
 sound/core/init.c | 9 ++++++++-
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/sound/core/init.c b/sound/core/init.c
index 4ed5037d8693..89c8354862c4 100644
--- a/sound/core/init.c
+++ b/sound/core/init.c
@@ -516,6 +516,14 @@ void snd_card_disconnect(struct snd_card *card)
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM
+	/* wake up sleepers here before other callbacks for avoiding potential
+	 * deadlocks with other locks (e.g. in kctls);
+	 * then this notifies the shutdown and sleepers would abort immediately
+	 */
+	wake_up_all(&card->power_sleep);
 	/* notify all connected devices about disconnection */
 	/* at this point, they cannot respond to any calls except release() */
@@ -543,7 +551,6 @@ void snd_card_disconnect(struct snd_card *card)
 #ifdef CONFIG_PM
-	wake_up(&card->power_sleep);

             reply	other threads:[~2024-05-10 10:14 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 2+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2024-05-10 10:14 Takashi Iwai [this message]
2024-05-10 11:47 ` [PATCH] ALSA: Fix deadlocks with kctl removals at disconnection Jaroslav Kysela

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