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From: Pkshih <pkshih@realtek.com>
To: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Kalle Valo <kvalo@codeaurora.org>,
	"linux-wireless@vger.kernel.org" <linux-wireless@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: RE: [PATCH v6 03/24] rtw89: add core and trx files
Date: Wed, 6 Oct 2021 01:35:03 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <5d0cb19ab70348f88ab0924dad5c3e7e@realtek.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAK8P3a1Zk4AgQ4Cyv3RmLH8Zuaj2uamFQ3hDZktrOVduZ90r6w@mail.gmail.com>


> -----Original Message-----
> From: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> Sent: Tuesday, October 5, 2021 5:59 PM
> To: Pkshih <pkshih@realtek.com>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>; Kalle Valo <kvalo@codeaurora.org>;
> linux-wireless@vger.kernel.org
> Subject: Re: [PATCH v6 03/24] rtw89: add core and trx files
> 
> On Tue, Oct 5, 2021 at 11:32 AM Pkshih <pkshih@realtek.com> wrote:
> > > Cc: Pkshih <pkshih@realtek.com>; Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>;
> linux-wireless@vger.kernel.org
> > > >
> > > > Arnd, what do you suggest? Is __always_inline good solution for this? I
> > > > think we should at least add a comment explaining why it's needed.
> > >
> > > __always_inline can make sense to force the compiler to behave
> > > sanely if it doesn't work it out by itself, and I think that is how this
> > > function was meant to be used: the __compiletime_error in bitfield.h
> > > is intended to find any callers that have a non-constant argument,
> > > because that would result in horrible code.
> > >
> > > I would suggest looking at the object code that you get with -Os after
> > > the added __always_inline, just to make sure that this isn't also
> > > horrible.
> >
> > I check the function rtw89_core_fill_txdesc() which uses these macros.
> > With inline, the object code size is 0x1AF. With __always_inline and
> > -Os, the size is 0x1A4. (x86-64 platform)
> >
> > Compare the object codes side-by-side, they are almost the same except
> > to some instructions. I think this is because the inline function
> > I apply __always_inline contains only a simple statement.
> 
> Ok. Did you check the output for the configuration that showed the
> problem as well, after adding __always_inline? There are certain
> compile-time options that could cause the code to become unoptimized,
> e.g. KASAN, in addition to the OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE.

Summarize object code size of the combinations:

ccflag              default           -Os
======              =======           =============
inline              0x1AF             X
always_inline      0x1AA             0x1A4

With default ccflag, the difference of inline and always_inline is a
je/jne instruction for 'if (!desc_info->en_wd_info)'. The always_inline
doesn't affect the part that use RTW89_SET_TXWD().

Compare always_inline row, the case of default ccflag uses movzbl (4 bytes),
but -Os case uses mov (3 bytes).

By the results, -Os affect the object code size. always_inline doesn't
affect the code, but affect the instruction (je/jne) nearby.


I use Ubuntun kernel that doesn't enable KASAN.
# CONFIG_KASAN is not set

> 
> > > +#define RTW89_SET_TXWD_BODY_WP_OFFSET(txdesc, val) \
> > > + RTW89_SET_TXWD(txdesc, val, 0x00, GENMASK(31, 24))
> > > +#define RTW89_SET_TXWD_BODY_MORE_DATA(txdesc, val) \
> > > + RTW89_SET_TXWD(txdesc, val, 0x00, BIT(23))
> > > +#define RTW89_SET_TXWD_BODY_WD_INFO_EN(txdesc, val) \
> > > + RTW89_SET_TXWD(txdesc, val, 0x00, BIT(22))
> > > +#define RTW89_SET_TXWD_BODY_FW_DL(txdesc, val) \
> > > + RTW89_SET_TXWD(txdesc, val, 0x00, BIT(20))
> > >
> > > I would personally write this without the wrappers, instead defining the
> > > bitmask macros as the masks and then open-coding the
> > > le32p_replace_bits() calls instead, which I would find more
> > > intuitive while it avoids the problem with the bitmasks.
> >
> > Use these macros can address offset and bit fields quickly.
> > How about I use macro instead of inline function? Like,
> >
> > #define RTW89_SET_TXWD (txdesc, val, offset, mask) \
> > do { \
> >         u32 *txd32 = (u32 *)txdesc; \
> >         le32p_replace_bits((__le32 *)(txd32 + offset), val, mask); \
> > } while (0)
> 
> That would obviously address the immediate bug, but I think
> using le32p_replace_bits() directly here would actually be
> more readable, after you define the descriptor layout using
> a structure with named __le32 members to replace the offset.

I will remove the wrapper and use le32p_replace_bits() directly.

I don't plan to use structure, because these data contain bit-fields.
Then, I need to maintain little-/big-endian formats, like

struct foo {
#if BIG_ENDINA
	__le32 msb:1;
	__le32 rsvd:30;
	__le32 lsb:1;
#else
	__le32 lsb:1;
	__le32 rsvd:30;
	__le32 msb:1;
#endif
};


> 
> > > Going back one more step, I see that that rtw89_core_fill_txdesc()
> > > manipulates the descriptor fields in-memory, which also seems
> > > like a bad idea: The descriptor is mapped as cache-coherent,
> > > so on machines with no coherent DMA (i.e. most ARM or MIPS
> > > machines), that is uncached memory, and writing the descriptor
> > > using a series of read-modify-write cycles on uncached memory
> > > will be awfully slow. Maybe the answer is to just completely
> > > replace the descriptor access.
> >
> > I'll think if we can use chached memory with single_map/unmap for
> > descriptor. That would improve the performance.
> 
> Using dma_unmap_single() with its cache flush may not work
> correctly if the descriptor fields have to be written in a particular
> order. Usually the last field in a descriptor contains a 'valid'
> bit that must not be observed by the hardware before the rest
> is visible. The cache flush however would not guarantee the
> order of the update.

Is it possible to flush cache twice? Writing the fields other
than 'valid' bit, and do wmb() and first flush. Then, set 'valid' bit,
and do second flush.

> 
> It would also likely be slower than dma_alloc_coherent() on
> machines that have cache-coherent PCI, such as most x86.
> 
> The best way is usually to construct the descriptor one word
> at a time in registers, and write that word using WRITE_ONCE(),
> with an explict dma_wmb() before the final write that makes
> the descriptor valid.
> 

Thanks for the guideline. 

Fortunately, descriptor of this hardware uses circular ring buffer with
read/write index instead of 'valid' bit. To issue a packet with descriptor
to hardware, we fill descriptor and fill address of skb as well, and then
update write index (a register) to trigger hardware to start DMA this
packet. So, I think it is possible to use dma_map_single().

Anyway, I will try both methods later.

Thank you
--
Ping-Ke



  reply	other threads:[~2021-10-06  1:35 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 55+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-20  4:35 [PATCH v6 00/24] rtw89: add Realtek 802.11ax driver Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 01/24] rtw89: add CAM files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-10-01 14:46   ` Kalle Valo
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 02/24] rtw89: add BT coexistence files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-10-01 15:26   ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-01 17:40     ` Small driver submissions and long feedback cycles Brian Norris
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 03/24] rtw89: add core and trx files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-10-01 16:26   ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-05  7:16     ` Pkshih
2021-10-05  7:46       ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-05  8:42         ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-10-05  9:32           ` Pkshih
2021-10-05  9:59             ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-10-06  1:35               ` Pkshih [this message]
2021-10-06  7:32                 ` Arnd Bergmann
2021-10-06  8:19                   ` Pkshih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 04/24] rtw89: add debug files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 05/24] rtw89: add efuse files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 06/24] rtw89: add files to download and communicate with firmware Ping-Ke Shih
2021-10-01 15:55   ` Kalle Valo
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 07/24] rtw89: add MAC files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-10-01 16:13   ` Kalle Valo
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 08/24] rtw89: implement mac80211 ops Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 09/24] rtw89: add pci files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 10/24] rtw89: add phy files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 11/24] rtw89: define register names Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 12/24] rtw89: add regulatory support Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 13/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a specific files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-10-01 16:20   ` Kalle Valo
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 14/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a RFK files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 15/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a RFK tables Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 16/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a tables (1 of 5) Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 17/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a tables (2 " Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 18/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a tables (3 " Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 19/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a tables (4 " Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 20/24] rtw89: 8852a: add 8852a tables (5 " Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 21/24] rtw89: add ser to recover error reported by firmware Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 22/24] rtw89: add PS files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 23/24] rtw89: add SAR files Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-20  4:35 ` [PATCH v6 24/24] rtw89: add Kconfig and Makefile Ping-Ke Shih
2021-08-22  3:43   ` kernel test robot
2021-08-23  1:37     ` Pkshih
2021-10-01 15:57   ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-01 16:34 ` [PATCH v6 00/24] rtw89: add Realtek 802.11ax driver Kalle Valo
2021-10-01 16:42   ` Larry Finger
2021-10-01 16:46     ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-01 17:18       ` Larry Finger
2021-10-05  5:46         ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-04  6:46   ` Pkshih
2021-10-05  5:52     ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-06  0:10       ` Brian Norris
2021-10-08  4:14         ` Pkshih
2021-10-08  4:11       ` Pkshih
2021-10-09  8:28         ` Kalle Valo
2021-10-12  1:53           ` Pkshih

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