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From: Alexey Gladkov <legion@kernel.org>
To: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: syzbot+01985d7909f9468f013c@syzkaller.appspotmail.com,
	syzbot+59dd63761094a80ad06d@syzkaller.appspotmail.com,
	syzbot+6cd79f45bb8fa1c9eeae@syzkaller.appspotmail.com,
	syzbot+b6e65bd125a05f803d6b@syzkaller.appspotmail.com,
	"Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>,
	Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Subject: [PATCH v1] ucounts: Fix race condition between alloc_ucounts and put_ucounts
Date: Tue, 27 Jul 2021 17:24:18 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <7b2ace1759b281cdd2d66101d6b305deef722efb.1627397820.git.legion@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <000000000000efe97f05c74bb995@google.com>

The race happens because put_ucounts() doesn't use spinlock and
get_ucounts is not under spinlock:

CPU0                    CPU1
----                    ----
alloc_ucounts()         put_ucounts()

spin_lock_irq(&ucounts_lock);
ucounts = find_ucounts(ns, uid, hashent);

                        atomic_dec_and_test(&ucounts->count))

spin_unlock_irq(&ucounts_lock);

                        spin_lock_irqsave(&ucounts_lock, flags);
                        hlist_del_init(&ucounts->node);
                        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ucounts_lock, flags);
                        kfree(ucounts);

ucounts = get_ucounts(ucounts);

==================================================================
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in instrument_atomic_read_write include/linux/instrumented.h:101 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in atomic_add_negative include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:556 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in get_ucounts kernel/ucount.c:152 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in get_ucounts kernel/ucount.c:150 [inline]
BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in alloc_ucounts+0x19b/0x5b0 kernel/ucount.c:188
Write of size 4 at addr ffff88802821e41c by task syz-executor.4/16785

CPU: 1 PID: 16785 Comm: syz-executor.4 Not tainted 5.14.0-rc1-next-20210712-syzkaller #0
Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
Call Trace:
 __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:88 [inline]
 dump_stack_lvl+0xcd/0x134 lib/dump_stack.c:105
 print_address_description.constprop.0.cold+0x6c/0x309 mm/kasan/report.c:233
 __kasan_report mm/kasan/report.c:419 [inline]
 kasan_report.cold+0x83/0xdf mm/kasan/report.c:436
 check_region_inline mm/kasan/generic.c:183 [inline]
 kasan_check_range+0x13d/0x180 mm/kasan/generic.c:189
 instrument_atomic_read_write include/linux/instrumented.h:101 [inline]
 atomic_add_negative include/asm-generic/atomic-instrumented.h:556 [inline]
 get_ucounts kernel/ucount.c:152 [inline]
 get_ucounts kernel/ucount.c:150 [inline]
 alloc_ucounts+0x19b/0x5b0 kernel/ucount.c:188
 set_cred_ucounts+0x171/0x3a0 kernel/cred.c:684
 __sys_setuid+0x285/0x400 kernel/sys.c:623
 do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
 do_syscall_64+0x35/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
RIP: 0033:0x4665d9
Code: ff ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 0f 1f 40 00 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 01 c3 48 c7 c1 bc ff ff ff f7 d8 64 89 01 48
RSP: 002b:00007fde54097188 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000069
RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 000000000056bf80 RCX: 00000000004665d9
RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 00000000000000ff
RBP: 00000000004bfcb9 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 000000000056bf80
R13: 00007ffc8655740f R14: 00007fde54097300 R15: 0000000000022000

Allocated by task 16784:
 kasan_save_stack+0x1b/0x40 mm/kasan/common.c:38
 kasan_set_track mm/kasan/common.c:46 [inline]
 set_alloc_info mm/kasan/common.c:434 [inline]
 ____kasan_kmalloc mm/kasan/common.c:513 [inline]
 ____kasan_kmalloc mm/kasan/common.c:472 [inline]
 __kasan_kmalloc+0x9b/0xd0 mm/kasan/common.c:522
 kmalloc include/linux/slab.h:591 [inline]
 kzalloc include/linux/slab.h:721 [inline]
 alloc_ucounts+0x23d/0x5b0 kernel/ucount.c:169
 set_cred_ucounts+0x171/0x3a0 kernel/cred.c:684
 __sys_setuid+0x285/0x400 kernel/sys.c:623
 do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
 do_syscall_64+0x35/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae

Freed by task 16785:
 kasan_save_stack+0x1b/0x40 mm/kasan/common.c:38
 kasan_set_track+0x1c/0x30 mm/kasan/common.c:46
 kasan_set_free_info+0x20/0x30 mm/kasan/generic.c:360
 ____kasan_slab_free mm/kasan/common.c:366 [inline]
 ____kasan_slab_free mm/kasan/common.c:328 [inline]
 __kasan_slab_free+0xfb/0x130 mm/kasan/common.c:374
 kasan_slab_free include/linux/kasan.h:229 [inline]
 slab_free_hook mm/slub.c:1650 [inline]
 slab_free_freelist_hook+0xdf/0x240 mm/slub.c:1675
 slab_free mm/slub.c:3235 [inline]
 kfree+0xeb/0x650 mm/slub.c:4295
 put_ucounts kernel/ucount.c:200 [inline]
 put_ucounts+0x117/0x150 kernel/ucount.c:192
 put_cred_rcu+0x27a/0x520 kernel/cred.c:124
 rcu_do_batch kernel/rcu/tree.c:2550 [inline]
 rcu_core+0x7ab/0x1380 kernel/rcu/tree.c:2785
 __do_softirq+0x29b/0x9c2 kernel/softirq.c:558

Last potentially related work creation:
 kasan_save_stack+0x1b/0x40 mm/kasan/common.c:38
 kasan_record_aux_stack+0xe5/0x110 mm/kasan/generic.c:348
 insert_work+0x48/0x370 kernel/workqueue.c:1332
 __queue_work+0x5c1/0xed0 kernel/workqueue.c:1498
 queue_work_on+0xee/0x110 kernel/workqueue.c:1525
 queue_work include/linux/workqueue.h:507 [inline]
 call_usermodehelper_exec+0x1f0/0x4c0 kernel/umh.c:435
 kobject_uevent_env+0xf8f/0x1650 lib/kobject_uevent.c:618
 netdev_queue_add_kobject net/core/net-sysfs.c:1621 [inline]
 netdev_queue_update_kobjects+0x374/0x450 net/core/net-sysfs.c:1655
 register_queue_kobjects net/core/net-sysfs.c:1716 [inline]
 netdev_register_kobject+0x35a/0x430 net/core/net-sysfs.c:1959
 register_netdevice+0xd33/0x1500 net/core/dev.c:10331
 nsim_init_netdevsim drivers/net/netdevsim/netdev.c:317 [inline]
 nsim_create+0x381/0x4d0 drivers/net/netdevsim/netdev.c:364
 __nsim_dev_port_add+0x32e/0x830 drivers/net/netdevsim/dev.c:1295
 nsim_dev_port_add_all+0x53/0x150 drivers/net/netdevsim/dev.c:1355
 nsim_dev_probe+0xcb5/0x1190 drivers/net/netdevsim/dev.c:1496
 call_driver_probe drivers/base/dd.c:517 [inline]
 really_probe+0x23c/0xcd0 drivers/base/dd.c:595
 __driver_probe_device+0x338/0x4d0 drivers/base/dd.c:747
 driver_probe_device+0x4c/0x1a0 drivers/base/dd.c:777
 __device_attach_driver+0x20b/0x2f0 drivers/base/dd.c:894
 bus_for_each_drv+0x15f/0x1e0 drivers/base/bus.c:427
 __device_attach+0x228/0x4a0 drivers/base/dd.c:965
 bus_probe_device+0x1e4/0x290 drivers/base/bus.c:487
 device_add+0xc2f/0x2180 drivers/base/core.c:3356
 nsim_bus_dev_new drivers/net/netdevsim/bus.c:431 [inline]
 new_device_store+0x436/0x710 drivers/net/netdevsim/bus.c:298
 bus_attr_store+0x72/0xa0 drivers/base/bus.c:122
 sysfs_kf_write+0x110/0x160 fs/sysfs/file.c:139
 kernfs_fop_write_iter+0x342/0x500 fs/kernfs/file.c:296
 call_write_iter include/linux/fs.h:2152 [inline]
 new_sync_write+0x426/0x650 fs/read_write.c:518
 vfs_write+0x75a/0xa40 fs/read_write.c:605
 ksys_write+0x12d/0x250 fs/read_write.c:658
 do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
 do_syscall_64+0x35/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae

Second to last potentially related work creation:
 kasan_save_stack+0x1b/0x40 mm/kasan/common.c:38
 kasan_record_aux_stack+0xe5/0x110 mm/kasan/generic.c:348
 insert_work+0x48/0x370 kernel/workqueue.c:1332
 __queue_work+0x5c1/0xed0 kernel/workqueue.c:1498
 queue_work_on+0xee/0x110 kernel/workqueue.c:1525
 queue_work include/linux/workqueue.h:507 [inline]
 call_usermodehelper_exec+0x1f0/0x4c0 kernel/umh.c:435
 kobject_uevent_env+0xf8f/0x1650 lib/kobject_uevent.c:618
 kobject_synth_uevent+0x701/0x850 lib/kobject_uevent.c:208
 uevent_store+0x20/0x50 drivers/base/core.c:2371
 dev_attr_store+0x50/0x80 drivers/base/core.c:2072
 sysfs_kf_write+0x110/0x160 fs/sysfs/file.c:139
 kernfs_fop_write_iter+0x342/0x500 fs/kernfs/file.c:296
 call_write_iter include/linux/fs.h:2152 [inline]
 new_sync_write+0x426/0x650 fs/read_write.c:518
 vfs_write+0x75a/0xa40 fs/read_write.c:605
 ksys_write+0x12d/0x250 fs/read_write.c:658
 do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
 do_syscall_64+0x35/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
 entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae

The buggy address belongs to the object at ffff88802821e400
 which belongs to the cache kmalloc-192 of size 192
The buggy address is located 28 bytes inside of
 192-byte region [ffff88802821e400, ffff88802821e4c0)
The buggy address belongs to the page:
page:ffffea0000a08780 refcount:1 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0 pfn:0x2821e
flags: 0xfff00000000200(slab|node=0|zone=1|lastcpupid=0x7ff)
raw: 00fff00000000200 dead000000000100 dead000000000122 ffff888010841a00
raw: 0000000000000000 0000000080100010 00000001ffffffff 0000000000000000
page dumped because: kasan: bad access detected
page_owner tracks the page as allocated
page last allocated via order 0, migratetype Unmovable, gfp_mask 0x12cc0(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_NOWARN|__GFP_NORETRY), pid 1, ts 12874702440, free_ts 12637793385
 prep_new_page mm/page_alloc.c:2433 [inline]
 get_page_from_freelist+0xa72/0x2f80 mm/page_alloc.c:4166
 __alloc_pages+0x1b2/0x500 mm/page_alloc.c:5374
 alloc_page_interleave+0x1e/0x200 mm/mempolicy.c:2119
 alloc_pages+0x238/0x2a0 mm/mempolicy.c:2242
 alloc_slab_page mm/slub.c:1713 [inline]
 allocate_slab+0x32b/0x4c0 mm/slub.c:1853
 new_slab mm/slub.c:1916 [inline]
 new_slab_objects mm/slub.c:2662 [inline]
 ___slab_alloc+0x4ba/0x820 mm/slub.c:2825
 __slab_alloc.constprop.0+0xa7/0xf0 mm/slub.c:2865
 slab_alloc_node mm/slub.c:2947 [inline]
 slab_alloc mm/slub.c:2989 [inline]
 __kmalloc+0x312/0x330 mm/slub.c:4133
 kmalloc include/linux/slab.h:596 [inline]
 kzalloc include/linux/slab.h:721 [inline]
 __register_sysctl_table+0x112/0x1090 fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c:1318
 rds_tcp_init_net+0x1db/0x4f0 net/rds/tcp.c:551
 ops_init+0xaf/0x470 net/core/net_namespace.c:140
 __register_pernet_operations net/core/net_namespace.c:1137 [inline]
 register_pernet_operations+0x35a/0x850 net/core/net_namespace.c:1214
 register_pernet_device+0x26/0x70 net/core/net_namespace.c:1301
 rds_tcp_init+0x77/0xe0 net/rds/tcp.c:717
 do_one_initcall+0x103/0x650 init/main.c:1285
 do_initcall_level init/main.c:1360 [inline]
 do_initcalls init/main.c:1376 [inline]
 do_basic_setup init/main.c:1396 [inline]
 kernel_init_freeable+0x6b8/0x741 init/main.c:1598
page last free stack trace:
 reset_page_owner include/linux/page_owner.h:24 [inline]
 free_pages_prepare mm/page_alloc.c:1343 [inline]
 free_pcp_prepare+0x312/0x7d0 mm/page_alloc.c:1394
 free_unref_page_prepare mm/page_alloc.c:3329 [inline]
 free_unref_page+0x19/0x690 mm/page_alloc.c:3408
 __vunmap+0x783/0xb70 mm/vmalloc.c:2587
 free_work+0x58/0x70 mm/vmalloc.c:82
 process_one_work+0x98d/0x1630 kernel/workqueue.c:2276
 worker_thread+0x658/0x11f0 kernel/workqueue.c:2422
 kthread+0x3e5/0x4d0 kernel/kthread.c:319
 ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:295

Memory state around the buggy address:
 ffff88802821e300: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
 ffff88802821e380: 00 00 00 00 00 fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
>ffff88802821e400: fa fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb
                            ^
 ffff88802821e480: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc
 ffff88802821e500: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
==================================================================

Reported-by: syzbot+01985d7909f9468f013c@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Reported-by: syzbot+59dd63761094a80ad06d@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Reported-by: syzbot+6cd79f45bb8fa1c9eeae@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Reported-by: syzbot+b6e65bd125a05f803d6b@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Fixes: b6c336528926 ("Use atomic_t for ucounts reference counting")
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <legion@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/ucount.c | 10 +++++++---
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 87799e2379bd..77be3bbe3cc4 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -160,6 +160,7 @@ struct ucounts *alloc_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid)
 {
 	struct hlist_head *hashent = ucounts_hashentry(ns, uid);
 	struct ucounts *ucounts, *new;
+	long overflow;
 
 	spin_lock_irq(&ucounts_lock);
 	ucounts = find_ucounts(ns, uid, hashent);
@@ -184,8 +185,12 @@ struct ucounts *alloc_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid)
 			return new;
 		}
 	}
+	overflow = atomic_add_negative(1, &ucounts->count);
 	spin_unlock_irq(&ucounts_lock);
-	ucounts = get_ucounts(ucounts);
+	if (overflow) {
+		put_ucounts(ucounts);
+		return NULL;
+	}
 	return ucounts;
 }
 
@@ -193,8 +198,7 @@ void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ucounts->count)) {
-		spin_lock_irqsave(&ucounts_lock, flags);
+	if (atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(&ucounts->count, &ucounts_lock, flags)) {
 		hlist_del_init(&ucounts->node);
 		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ucounts_lock, flags);
 		kfree(ucounts);
-- 
2.29.3


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-07-27 15:27 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 8+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-17  6:22 [syzbot] KASAN: use-after-free Write in put_ucounts syzbot
     [not found] ` <20210719094432.425-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2021-07-19 17:24   ` Eric W. Biederman
2021-07-24 17:57     ` Alexey Gladkov
2021-07-25  0:32       ` Hillf Danton
     [not found]   ` <20210720041451.766-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2021-07-20 16:29     ` Eric W. Biederman
2021-07-27 15:24 ` Alexey Gladkov [this message]
     [not found] ` <20210728025837.1641-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2021-07-28 12:24   ` [PATCH v1] ucounts: Fix race condition between alloc_ucounts and put_ucounts Alexey Gladkov
2021-07-28 17:05     ` Eric W. Biederman

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