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From: Anders Roxell <anders.roxell@linaro.org>
To: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>,
	linux-pci@vger.kernel.org,
	Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/2] PCI: Fix pci_host_bridge struct device release/free handling
Date: Thu, 14 May 2020 12:27:13 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CADYN=9LYnNwGA1RAaWKRKP6CsC4dtHApFPJ9UmhHjP3_+UUF8w@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200513223859.11295-2-robh@kernel.org>

On Thu, 14 May 2020 at 00:39, Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> The PCI code has several paths where the struct pci_host_bridge is freed
> directly. This is wrong because it contains a struct device which is
> refcounted and should be freed using put_device(). This can result in
> use-after-free errors. I think this problem has existed since 2012 with
> commit 7b5436635800 ("PCI: add generic device into pci_host_bridge
> struct"). It generally hasn't mattered as most host bridge drivers are
> still built-in and can't unbind.
>
> The problem is a struct device should never be freed directly once
> device_initialize() is called and a ref is held, but that doesn't happen
> until pci_register_host_bridge(). There's then a window between
> allocating the host bridge and pci_register_host_bridge() where kfree
> should be used. This is fragile and requires callers to do the right
> thing. To fix this, we need to split device_register() into
> device_initialize() and device_add() calls, so that the host bridge
> struct is always freed by using a put_device().
>
> devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge() is using devm_kzalloc() to allocate struct
> pci_host_bridge which will be freed directly. Instead, we can use a
> custom devres action to call put_device().
>
> Reported-by: Anders Roxell <anders.roxell@linaro.org>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>

Thank you Rob for fixing this so quickly!

I applied both patches and I couldn't see the use-after-free anymore.

Tested-by: Anders Roxell <anders.roxell@linaro.org>

Cheers,
Anders

> ---
>  drivers/pci/probe.c  | 36 +++++++++++++++++++-----------------
>  drivers/pci/remove.c |  2 +-
>  2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> index e21dc71b1907..e064ded6fbec 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> @@ -565,7 +565,7 @@ static struct pci_bus *pci_alloc_bus(struct pci_bus *parent)
>         return b;
>  }
>
> -static void devm_pci_release_host_bridge_dev(struct device *dev)
> +static void pci_release_host_bridge_dev(struct device *dev)
>  {
>         struct pci_host_bridge *bridge = to_pci_host_bridge(dev);
>
> @@ -574,12 +574,7 @@ static void devm_pci_release_host_bridge_dev(struct device *dev)
>
>         pci_free_resource_list(&bridge->windows);
>         pci_free_resource_list(&bridge->dma_ranges);
> -}
> -
> -static void pci_release_host_bridge_dev(struct device *dev)
> -{
> -       devm_pci_release_host_bridge_dev(dev);
> -       kfree(to_pci_host_bridge(dev));
> +       kfree(bridge);
>  }
>
>  static void pci_init_host_bridge(struct pci_host_bridge *bridge)
> @@ -599,6 +594,8 @@ static void pci_init_host_bridge(struct pci_host_bridge *bridge)
>         bridge->native_pme = 1;
>         bridge->native_ltr = 1;
>         bridge->native_dpc = 1;
> +
> +       device_initialize(&bridge->dev);
>  }
>
>  struct pci_host_bridge *pci_alloc_host_bridge(size_t priv)
> @@ -616,17 +613,25 @@ struct pci_host_bridge *pci_alloc_host_bridge(size_t priv)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_alloc_host_bridge);
>
> +static void devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge_release(void *data)
> +{
> +       pci_free_host_bridge(data);
> +}
> +
>  struct pci_host_bridge *devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge(struct device *dev,
>                                                    size_t priv)
>  {
> +       int ret;
>         struct pci_host_bridge *bridge;
>
> -       bridge = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*bridge) + priv, GFP_KERNEL);
> +       bridge = pci_alloc_host_bridge(priv);
>         if (!bridge)
>                 return NULL;
>
> -       pci_init_host_bridge(bridge);
> -       bridge->dev.release = devm_pci_release_host_bridge_dev;
> +       ret = devm_add_action_or_reset(dev, devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge_release,
> +                                      bridge);
> +       if (ret)
> +               return NULL;
>
>         return bridge;
>  }
> @@ -634,10 +639,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(devm_pci_alloc_host_bridge);
>
>  void pci_free_host_bridge(struct pci_host_bridge *bridge)
>  {
> -       pci_free_resource_list(&bridge->windows);
> -       pci_free_resource_list(&bridge->dma_ranges);
> -
> -       kfree(bridge);
> +       put_device(&bridge->dev);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_free_host_bridge);
>
> @@ -908,7 +910,7 @@ static int pci_register_host_bridge(struct pci_host_bridge *bridge)
>         if (err)
>                 goto free;
>
> -       err = device_register(&bridge->dev);
> +       err = device_add(&bridge->dev);
>         if (err) {
>                 put_device(&bridge->dev);
>                 goto free;
> @@ -978,7 +980,7 @@ static int pci_register_host_bridge(struct pci_host_bridge *bridge)
>
>  unregister:
>         put_device(&bridge->dev);
> -       device_unregister(&bridge->dev);
> +       device_del(&bridge->dev);
>
>  free:
>         kfree(bus);
> @@ -2953,7 +2955,7 @@ struct pci_bus *pci_create_root_bus(struct device *parent, int bus,
>         return bridge->bus;
>
>  err_out:
> -       kfree(bridge);
> +       put_device(&bridge->dev);
>         return NULL;
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_create_root_bus);
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/remove.c b/drivers/pci/remove.c
> index e9c6b120cf45..95dec03d9f2a 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/remove.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/remove.c
> @@ -160,6 +160,6 @@ void pci_remove_root_bus(struct pci_bus *bus)
>         host_bridge->bus = NULL;
>
>         /* remove the host bridge */
> -       device_unregister(&host_bridge->dev);
> +       device_del(&host_bridge->dev);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pci_remove_root_bus);
> --
> 2.20.1
>

  reply	other threads:[~2020-05-14 10:27 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-05-13 22:38 [PATCH 1/2] PCI: Fix pci_register_host_bridge() device_register() error handling Rob Herring
2020-05-13 22:38 ` [PATCH 2/2] PCI: Fix pci_host_bridge struct device release/free handling Rob Herring
2020-05-14 10:27   ` Anders Roxell [this message]
2020-05-14 10:30   ` Lorenzo Pieralisi
2020-05-14 12:50     ` Rob Herring
2020-05-14 16:43   ` Lorenzo Pieralisi
2020-05-14 21:22   ` Arnd Bergmann
2020-05-14 16:41 ` [PATCH 1/2] PCI: Fix pci_register_host_bridge() device_register() error handling Lorenzo Pieralisi
2020-05-14 21:16 ` Arnd Bergmann
2020-05-14 21:37 ` Bjorn Helgaas

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