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From: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
To: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Cc: Linux Kbuild mailing list <linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>,
	Nicolas Schier <nicolas@fjasle.eu>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	linux-modules <linux-modules@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-s390 <linux-s390@vger.kernel.org>,
	linuxppc-dev <linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org>,
	Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>,
	Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>,
	clang-built-linux <llvm@lists.linux.dev>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 03/14] modpost: split the section mismatch checks into section-check.c
Date: Thu, 12 May 2022 04:27:37 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAK7LNAR5preB59HJH1-F_ZfEmoF3N8b9z4eRhYzsEVwu_XUH4Q@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAKwvOdmK4oH0t8Q6F19sWKX1fT=AgS=kfvn05FT01HffLJwgMQ@mail.gmail.com>

On Thu, May 12, 2022 at 3:48 AM Nick Desaulniers
<ndesaulniers@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, May 9, 2022 at 11:57 PM Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/mod/modpost.c b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> > > > index a78b75f0eeb0..e7e2c70a98f5 100644
> > > > --- a/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> > > > +++ b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> > > > @@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ static bool external_module;
> > > >  /* Only warn about unresolved symbols */
> > > >  static bool warn_unresolved;
> > > >
> > > > -static int sec_mismatch_count;
> > > > +int sec_mismatch_count;
> > >
> > > ^ this should go in modpost.h if it is to be used in two translation
> > > units, rather than forward declaring it in section-check.c.  You did
> > > this for the functions.
> >
> >
> > Sorry, I do not understand.
> >
> >
> > In modpost.h, I put the declaration:
> >
> >   extern int sec_mismatch_count;
> >
> > If I moved it to the header without 'extern'
> > I would get multiple definitions.
>
> Yeah, you need to _declare_ it w/ extern in the header, then _define_
> it in one source file.
>
> That way, if the type ever changes, the sources will agree on type in
> all source files. You will get a redefinition error if the definition
> changes the type of the variable since the last declaration.
>
> What you're doing is forward declaring, which works, and is a common
> pattern for (bloated) C++, but is less type safe than sharing a single
> common declaration between multiple source files via a single common
> shared header. (Sorry I didn't respond before you sent v5)

Sorry, I still do not understand your suggestion.


Could you provide me with a code diff
showing how to do this better?



-- 
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
To: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Cc: linux-s390 <linux-s390@vger.kernel.org>,
	Nicolas Schier <nicolas@fjasle.eu>,
	Linux Kbuild mailing list <linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	clang-built-linux <llvm@lists.linux.dev>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>,
	Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>,
	linuxppc-dev <linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org>,
	Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>,
	linux-modules <linux-modules@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 03/14] modpost: split the section mismatch checks into section-check.c
Date: Thu, 12 May 2022 04:27:37 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAK7LNAR5preB59HJH1-F_ZfEmoF3N8b9z4eRhYzsEVwu_XUH4Q@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAKwvOdmK4oH0t8Q6F19sWKX1fT=AgS=kfvn05FT01HffLJwgMQ@mail.gmail.com>

On Thu, May 12, 2022 at 3:48 AM Nick Desaulniers
<ndesaulniers@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, May 9, 2022 at 11:57 PM Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > > > diff --git a/scripts/mod/modpost.c b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> > > > index a78b75f0eeb0..e7e2c70a98f5 100644
> > > > --- a/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> > > > +++ b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
> > > > @@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ static bool external_module;
> > > >  /* Only warn about unresolved symbols */
> > > >  static bool warn_unresolved;
> > > >
> > > > -static int sec_mismatch_count;
> > > > +int sec_mismatch_count;
> > >
> > > ^ this should go in modpost.h if it is to be used in two translation
> > > units, rather than forward declaring it in section-check.c.  You did
> > > this for the functions.
> >
> >
> > Sorry, I do not understand.
> >
> >
> > In modpost.h, I put the declaration:
> >
> >   extern int sec_mismatch_count;
> >
> > If I moved it to the header without 'extern'
> > I would get multiple definitions.
>
> Yeah, you need to _declare_ it w/ extern in the header, then _define_
> it in one source file.
>
> That way, if the type ever changes, the sources will agree on type in
> all source files. You will get a redefinition error if the definition
> changes the type of the variable since the last declaration.
>
> What you're doing is forward declaring, which works, and is a common
> pattern for (bloated) C++, but is less type safe than sharing a single
> common declaration between multiple source files via a single common
> shared header. (Sorry I didn't respond before you sent v5)

Sorry, I still do not understand your suggestion.


Could you provide me with a code diff
showing how to do this better?



-- 
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

  reply	other threads:[~2022-05-11 19:29 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 68+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-05-08 19:06 [PATCH v4 00/14] kbuild: yet another series of cleanups (modpost, LTO, MODULE_REL_CRCS, export.h) Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 01/14] modpost: remove left-over cross_compile declaration Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 17:08   ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-09 17:08     ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-12  4:35   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-12  4:35     ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 02/14] modpost: change the license of EXPORT_SYMBOL to bool type Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-12  4:36   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-12  4:36     ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 03/14] modpost: split the section mismatch checks into section-check.c Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 17:19   ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-09 17:19     ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-10  6:55     ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-10  6:55       ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-11 18:47       ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-11 18:47         ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-11 19:27         ` Masahiro Yamada [this message]
2022-05-11 19:27           ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-11 19:51           ` Jeff Johnson
2022-05-11 19:51             ` Jeff Johnson
2022-05-11 20:01             ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-11 20:01               ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 04/14] modpost: add sym_find_with_module() helper Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 05/14] modpost: extract symbol versions from *.cmd files Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 21:52   ` Sami Tolvanen
2022-05-09 21:52     ` Sami Tolvanen
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 06/14] kbuild: link symbol CRCs at final link, removing CONFIG_MODULE_REL_CRCS Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 17:50   ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-09 17:50     ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-10 13:03     ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-10 13:03       ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 07/14] kbuild: stop merging *.symversions Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 08/14] genksyms: adjust the output format to modpost Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 09/14] kbuild: do not create *.prelink.o for Clang LTO or IBT Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 23:13   ` Sami Tolvanen
2022-05-09 23:13     ` Sami Tolvanen
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 10/14] kbuild: check static EXPORT_SYMBOL* by script instead of modpost Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 18:05   ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-09 18:05     ` Nick Desaulniers
2022-05-10 13:53     ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-10 13:53       ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 11/14] kbuild: make built-in.a rule robust against too long argument error Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 12/14] kbuild: make *.mod " Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 13/14] kbuild: add cmd_and_savecmd macro Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06 ` [PATCH v4 14/14] kbuild: rebuild multi-object modules when objtool is updated Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-08 19:06   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09  4:24 ` [PATCH v4 00/14] kbuild: yet another series of cleanups (modpost, LTO, MODULE_REL_CRCS, export.h) Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09  4:24   ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 22:13   ` Nathan Chancellor
2022-05-09 22:13     ` Nathan Chancellor
2022-05-10  6:55     ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-10  6:55       ` Masahiro Yamada
2022-05-09 22:19   ` Nathan Chancellor
2022-05-09 22:19     ` Nathan Chancellor

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