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From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
To: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan  <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>,
	Mark Gross <mgross@linux.intel.com>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>,
	Peter H Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>,
	Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>, Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>,
	Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>,
	Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>,
	Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <knsathya@kernel.org>,
	X86 ML <x86@kernel.org>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org, bpf@vger.kernel.org,
	Netdev <netdev@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 5/6] platform/x86: intel_tdx_attest: Add TDX Guest attestation interface driver
Date: Thu, 8 Jul 2021 16:36:24 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAPcyv4h8SaVL_QGLv1DT0JuoyKmSBvxJQw0aamMuzarexaU7VA@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210707204249.3046665-6-sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>

On Wed, Jul 7, 2021 at 1:43 PM Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
<sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>
> TDX guest supports encrypted disk as root or secondary drives.
> Decryption keys required to access such drives are usually maintained
> by 3rd party key servers. Attestation is required by 3rd party key
> servers to get the key for an encrypted disk volume, or possibly other
> encrypted services. Attestation is used to prove to the key server that
> the TD guest is running in a valid TD and the kernel and virtual BIOS
> and other environment are secure.
>
> During the boot process various components before the kernel accumulate
> hashes in the TDX module, which can then combined into a report. This
> would typically include a hash of the bios, bios configuration, boot
> loader, command line, kernel, initrd.  After checking the hashes the
> key server will securely release the keys.
>
> The actual details of the attestation protocol depend on the particular
> key server configuration, but some parts are common and need to
> communicate with the TDX module.
>
> This communication is implemented in the attestation driver.
>
> The supported steps are:
>
>   1. TD guest generates the TDREPORT that contains version information
>      about the Intel TDX module, measurement of the TD, along with a
>      TD-specified nonce.
>   2. TD guest shares the TDREPORT with TD host via GetQuote hypercall
>      which is used by the host to generate a quote via quoting
>      enclave (QE).
>   3. Quote generation completion notification is sent to TD OS via
>      callback interrupt vector configured by TD using
>      SetupEventNotifyInterrupt hypercall.
>   4. After receiving the generated TDQUOTE, a remote verifier can be
>      used to verify the quote and confirm the trustworthiness of the
>      TD.
>
> Attestation agent uses IOCTLs implemented by the attestation driver to
> complete the various steps of the attestation process.
>
> Also note that, explicit access permissions are not enforced in this
> driver because the quote and measurements are not a secret. However
> the access permissions of the device node can be used to set any
> desired access policy. The udev default is usually root access
> only.
>
> TDX_CMD_GEN_QUOTE IOCTL can be used to create an computation on the
> host, but TDX assumes that the host is able to deal with malicious
> guest flooding it anyways.
>
> The interaction with the TDX module is like a RPM protocol here. There
> are several operations (get tdreport, get quote) that need to input a
> blob, and then output another blob. It was considered to use a sysfs
> interface for this, but it doesn't fit well into the standard sysfs
> model for configuring values. It would be possible to do read/write on
> files, but it would need multiple file descriptors, which would be
> somewhat messy. ioctls seems to be the best fitting and simplest model
> here. There is one ioctl per operation, that takes the input blob and
> returns the output blob, and as well as auxiliary ioctls to return the
> blob lengths. The ioctls are documented in the header file.
>
> Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
> ---
>  drivers/platform/x86/Kconfig            |   9 ++
>  drivers/platform/x86/Makefile           |   1 +
>  drivers/platform/x86/intel_tdx_attest.c | 171 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/uapi/misc/tdx.h                 |  37 +++++
>  4 files changed, 218 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/platform/x86/intel_tdx_attest.c
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/misc/tdx.h
>
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/x86/Kconfig b/drivers/platform/x86/Kconfig
> index 60592fb88e7a..7d01c473aef6 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/x86/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/platform/x86/Kconfig
> @@ -1301,6 +1301,15 @@ config INTEL_SCU_IPC_UTIL
>           low level access for debug work and updating the firmware. Say
>           N unless you will be doing this on an Intel MID platform.
>
> +config INTEL_TDX_ATTESTATION
> +       tristate "Intel TDX attestation driver"
> +       depends on INTEL_TDX_GUEST
> +       help
> +         The TDX attestation driver provides IOCTL or MMAP interfaces to
> +         the user to request TDREPORT from the TDX module or request quote
> +         from VMM. It is mainly used to get secure disk decryption keys from
> +         the key server.
> +
>  config INTEL_TELEMETRY
>         tristate "Intel SoC Telemetry Driver"
>         depends on X86_64
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/x86/Makefile b/drivers/platform/x86/Makefile
> index dcc8cdb95b4d..83439990ae47 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/x86/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/platform/x86/Makefile
> @@ -138,6 +138,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_SCU_PCI)         += intel_scu_pcidrv.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_SCU_PLATFORM)       += intel_scu_pltdrv.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_SCU_WDT)            += intel_scu_wdt.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_SCU_IPC_UTIL)       += intel_scu_ipcutil.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_ATTESTATION)    += intel_tdx_attest.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_TELEMETRY)          += intel_telemetry_core.o \
>                                            intel_telemetry_pltdrv.o \
>                                            intel_telemetry_debugfs.o
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/x86/intel_tdx_attest.c b/drivers/platform/x86/intel_tdx_attest.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..a0225d053851
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/platform/x86/intel_tdx_attest.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,171 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * intel_tdx_attest.c - TDX guest attestation interface driver.
> + *
> + * Implements user interface to trigger attestation process and
> + * read the TD Quote result.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 Intel Corporation
> + *
> + * Author:
> + *     Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
> + */
> +
> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "x86/tdx: attest: " fmt
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/set_memory.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <asm/apic.h>
> +#include <asm/tdx.h>
> +#include <asm/irq_vectors.h>
> +#include <uapi/misc/tdx.h>
> +
> +#define VERSION                                "1.0"

Individual module versions are typically useless as the kernel version
is sufficient.

> +
> +/* Used in Quote memory allocation */
> +#define QUOTE_SIZE                     (2 * PAGE_SIZE)
> +
> +/* Mutex to synchronize attestation requests */
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(attestation_lock);
> +/* Completion object to track attestation status */
> +static DECLARE_COMPLETION(attestation_done);
> +
> +static void attestation_callback_handler(void)
> +{
> +       complete(&attestation_done);
> +}
> +
> +static long tdg_attest_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
> +                            unsigned long arg)
> +{
> +       u64 data = virt_to_phys(file->private_data);
> +       void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
> +       u8 *reportdata;
> +       long ret = 0;
> +
> +       mutex_lock(&attestation_lock);
> +
> +       reportdata = kzalloc(TDX_TDREPORT_LEN, GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (!reportdata) {
> +               mutex_unlock(&attestation_lock);
> +               return -ENOMEM;
> +       }
> +
> +       switch (cmd) {
> +       case TDX_CMD_GET_TDREPORT:
> +               if (copy_from_user(reportdata, argp, TDX_REPORT_DATA_LEN)) {
> +                       ret = -EFAULT;
> +                       break;
> +               }
> +
> +               /* Generate TDREPORT_STRUCT */
> +               if (tdx_mcall_tdreport(data, virt_to_phys(reportdata))) {
> +                       ret = -EIO;
> +                       break;
> +               }
> +
> +               if (copy_to_user(argp, file->private_data, TDX_TDREPORT_LEN))
> +                       ret = -EFAULT;
> +               break;
> +       case TDX_CMD_GEN_QUOTE:
> +               if (copy_from_user(reportdata, argp, TDX_REPORT_DATA_LEN)) {
> +                       ret = -EFAULT;
> +                       break;
> +               }
> +
> +               /* Generate TDREPORT_STRUCT */
> +               if (tdx_mcall_tdreport(data, virt_to_phys(reportdata))) {
> +                       ret = -EIO;
> +                       break;
> +               }
> +
> +               ret = set_memory_decrypted((unsigned long)file->private_data,
> +                                          1UL << get_order(QUOTE_SIZE));
> +               if (ret)
> +                       break;
> +
> +               /* Submit GetQuote Request */
> +               if (tdx_hcall_get_quote(data)) {
> +                       ret = -EIO;
> +                       goto done;
> +               }
> +
> +               /* Wait for attestation completion */
> +               wait_for_completion_interruptible(&attestation_done);
> +
> +               if (copy_to_user(argp, file->private_data, QUOTE_SIZE))
> +                       ret = -EFAULT;
> +done:
> +               ret = set_memory_encrypted((unsigned long)file->private_data,
> +                                          1UL << get_order(QUOTE_SIZE));

This wants a get_nr_pages() helper.

> +
> +               break;
> +       case TDX_CMD_GET_QUOTE_SIZE:
> +               if (put_user(QUOTE_SIZE, (u64 __user *)argp))
> +                       ret = -EFAULT;
> +
> +               break;
> +       default:
> +               pr_err("cmd %d not supported\n", cmd);
> +               break;
> +       }
> +
> +       mutex_unlock(&attestation_lock);
> +
> +       kfree(reportdata);
> +
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int tdg_attest_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> +       /*
> +        * Currently tdg_event_notify_handler is only used in attestation
> +        * driver. But, WRITE_ONCE is used as benign data race notice.
> +        */
> +       WRITE_ONCE(tdg_event_notify_handler, attestation_callback_handler);

Why is this ioctl not part of the driver that registered the interrupt
handler for this callback in the first instance? I've never seen this
style of cross-driver communication before.

> +
> +       file->private_data = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO,
> +                                                     get_order(QUOTE_SIZE));

Why does this driver abandon all semblance of type-safety and use
->private_data directly? This also seems an easy way to consume
memory, just keep opening this device over and over again.

AFAICS this buffer is only used ephemerally. I see no reason it needs
to be allocated once per open file. Unless you need several threads to
be running the attestation process in parallel just allocate a single
buffer at module init (statically defined or on the heap) and use a
lock to enforce only one user of this buffer at a time. That would
also solve your direct-map fracturing problem.

All that said, this new user ABI for passing blobs in and out of the
kernel is something that the keyutils API already does. Did you
consider add_key() / request_key() for this case? That would also be
the natural path for the end step of requesting the drive decrypt key.
I.e. a chain of key payloads starting with establishing the
attestation blob.

  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-07-08 23:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 33+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-07 20:42 [PATCH v2 0/6] Add TDX Guest Support (Attestation support) Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-07 20:42 ` [PATCH v2 1/6] x86/tdx: Add TDREPORT TDX Module call support Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-08  8:16   ` Xiaoyao Li
2021-07-08 14:07     ` Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-08 14:20       ` Hans de Goede
2021-07-08 17:06         ` Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-07 20:42 ` [PATCH v2 2/6] x86/tdx: Add GetQuote TDX hypercall support Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-07 20:42 ` [PATCH v2 3/6] x86/tdx: Add SetupEventNotifyInterrupt " Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-07 20:42 ` [PATCH v2 4/6] x86/tdx: Add TDX Guest event notify interrupt vector support Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-07 20:42 ` [PATCH v2 5/6] platform/x86: intel_tdx_attest: Add TDX Guest attestation interface driver Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-08 22:21   ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-07-08 22:35     ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-09  0:38       ` Andi Kleen
2021-07-13  0:33         ` Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-13  0:44           ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-08 23:34     ` Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-08 23:36   ` Dan Williams [this message]
2021-07-08 23:57     ` Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-09  0:20       ` Dan Williams
2021-07-09  0:36         ` Andi Kleen
2021-07-09  1:37           ` Dan Williams
2021-07-09  1:44             ` Andi Kleen
2021-07-09  2:04               ` Dan Williams
2021-07-09  2:43                 ` Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-07 20:42 ` [PATCH v2 6/6] tools/tdx: Add a sample attestation user app Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2021-07-15  8:36   ` Mian Yousaf Kaukab
2021-07-15 15:19     ` Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan
2022-03-30 22:17 [PATCH v2 0/6] Add TDX Guest Attestation support Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2022-03-30 22:18 ` [PATCH v2 5/6] platform/x86: intel_tdx_attest: Add TDX Guest attestation interface driver Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan
2022-04-04 10:07   ` Hans de Goede
2022-04-04 19:56     ` Sathyanarayanan Kuppuswamy
2022-04-11 14:38       ` Hans de Goede
2022-04-04 10:09   ` Hans de Goede
2022-04-04 10:11     ` Hans de Goede

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