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From: Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>
To: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>,
	"linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org" 
	<linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>
Cc: "linux-efi@vger.kernel.org" <linux-efi@vger.kernel.org>,
	Chester Lin <clin@suse.com>
Subject: RE: [PATCH] efi: libstub/arm: account for firmware reserved memory at the base of RAM
Date: Tue, 15 Oct 2019 06:14:20 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <DBBPR08MB4678B3D2C238E362763D9FBB83930@DBBPR08MB4678.eurprd08.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191014163309.2860-1-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>



> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> Sent: 14 October 2019 18:33
> To: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org; Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>;
> Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>; Chester Lin <clin@suse.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] efi: libstub/arm: account for firmware reserved memory at the
> base of RAM
>
> The EFI stubloader for ARM starts out by allocating a 32 MB window at the base of
> RAM, in order to ensure that the decompressor (which blindly copies the
> uncompressed kernel into that window) does not overwrite other allocations
> that are made while running in the context of the EFI firmware.
>
> In some cases, (e.g., U-Boot running on the Raspberry Pi 2), this is causing boot
> failures because this initial allocation conflicts with a page of reserved memory at
> the base of RAM that contains the SMP spin tables and other pieces of firmware
> data and which was put there by the bootloader under the assumption that the
> TEXT_OFFSET window right below the kernel is only used partially during early
> boot, and will be left alone once the memory reservations are processed and
> taken into account.
>
> So let's permit reserved memory regions to exist in the region starting at the base
> of RAM, and ending at TEXT_OFFSET - 5 * PAGE_SIZE, which is the window below
> the kernel that is not touched by the early boot code.
>
> Cc: Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>
> Cc: Chester Lin <clin@suse.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

Tested-by: Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>

> ---
>  drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile     |  1 +
>  drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c | 16 +++++++++++++---
>  2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> index 0460c7581220..ee0661ddb25b 100644
> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> @@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ lib-$(CONFIG_EFI_ARMSTUB)   += arm-stub.o fdt.o
> string.o random.o \
>
>  lib-$(CONFIG_ARM)            += arm32-stub.o
>  lib-$(CONFIG_ARM64)          += arm64-stub.o
> +CFLAGS_arm32-stub.o          := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
>  CFLAGS_arm64-stub.o          := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
>
>  #
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> index e8f7aefb6813..47aafeff3e01 100644
> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> @@ -195,6 +195,7 @@ efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t
> *sys_table,
>                                unsigned long dram_base,
>                                efi_loaded_image_t *image)
>  {
> +     unsigned long kernel_base;
>       efi_status_t status;
>
>       /*
> @@ -204,9 +205,18 @@ efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t
> *sys_table,
>        * loaded. These assumptions are made by the decompressor,
>        * before any memory map is available.
>        */
> -     dram_base = round_up(dram_base, SZ_128M);
> +     kernel_base = round_up(dram_base, SZ_128M);
>
> -     status = reserve_kernel_base(sys_table, dram_base, reserve_addr,
> +     /*
> +      * Note that some platforms (notably, the Raspberry Pi 2) put
> +      * spin-tables and other pieces of firmware at the base of RAM,
> +      * abusing the fact that the window of TEXT_OFFSET bytes at the
> +      * base of the kernel image is only partially used at the moment.
> +      * (Up to 5 pages are used for the swapper page table)
> +      */
> +     kernel_base += TEXT_OFFSET - 5 * PAGE_SIZE;
> +
> +     status = reserve_kernel_base(sys_table, kernel_base, reserve_addr,
>                                    reserve_size);
>       if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
>               pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Unable to allocate memory for
> uncompressed kernel.\n"); @@ -220,7 +230,7 @@ efi_status_t
> handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
>       *image_size = image->image_size;
>       status = efi_relocate_kernel(sys_table, image_addr, *image_size,
>                                    *image_size,
> -                                  dram_base + MAX_UNCOMP_KERNEL_SIZE, 0);
> +                                  kernel_base + MAX_UNCOMP_KERNEL_SIZE,
> 0);
>       if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
>               pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to relocate kernel.\n");
>               efi_free(sys_table, *reserve_size, *reserve_addr);
> --
> 2.20.1

IMPORTANT NOTICE: The contents of this email and any attachments are confidential and may also be privileged. If you are not the intended recipient, please notify the sender immediately and do not disclose the contents to any other person, use it for any purpose, or store or copy the information in any medium. Thank you.

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>
To: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>,
	"linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org"
	<linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>
Cc: Chester Lin <clin@suse.com>,
	"linux-efi@vger.kernel.org" <linux-efi@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: RE: [PATCH] efi: libstub/arm: account for firmware reserved memory at the base of RAM
Date: Tue, 15 Oct 2019 06:14:20 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <DBBPR08MB4678B3D2C238E362763D9FBB83930@DBBPR08MB4678.eurprd08.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191014163309.2860-1-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>



> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> Sent: 14 October 2019 18:33
> To: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org; Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>;
> Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>; Chester Lin <clin@suse.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] efi: libstub/arm: account for firmware reserved memory at the
> base of RAM
>
> The EFI stubloader for ARM starts out by allocating a 32 MB window at the base of
> RAM, in order to ensure that the decompressor (which blindly copies the
> uncompressed kernel into that window) does not overwrite other allocations
> that are made while running in the context of the EFI firmware.
>
> In some cases, (e.g., U-Boot running on the Raspberry Pi 2), this is causing boot
> failures because this initial allocation conflicts with a page of reserved memory at
> the base of RAM that contains the SMP spin tables and other pieces of firmware
> data and which was put there by the bootloader under the assumption that the
> TEXT_OFFSET window right below the kernel is only used partially during early
> boot, and will be left alone once the memory reservations are processed and
> taken into account.
>
> So let's permit reserved memory regions to exist in the region starting at the base
> of RAM, and ending at TEXT_OFFSET - 5 * PAGE_SIZE, which is the window below
> the kernel that is not touched by the early boot code.
>
> Cc: Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>
> Cc: Chester Lin <clin@suse.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

Tested-by: Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>

> ---
>  drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile     |  1 +
>  drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c | 16 +++++++++++++---
>  2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> index 0460c7581220..ee0661ddb25b 100644
> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
> @@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ lib-$(CONFIG_EFI_ARMSTUB)   += arm-stub.o fdt.o
> string.o random.o \
>
>  lib-$(CONFIG_ARM)            += arm32-stub.o
>  lib-$(CONFIG_ARM64)          += arm64-stub.o
> +CFLAGS_arm32-stub.o          := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
>  CFLAGS_arm64-stub.o          := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
>
>  #
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> index e8f7aefb6813..47aafeff3e01 100644
> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm32-stub.c
> @@ -195,6 +195,7 @@ efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t
> *sys_table,
>                                unsigned long dram_base,
>                                efi_loaded_image_t *image)
>  {
> +     unsigned long kernel_base;
>       efi_status_t status;
>
>       /*
> @@ -204,9 +205,18 @@ efi_status_t handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t
> *sys_table,
>        * loaded. These assumptions are made by the decompressor,
>        * before any memory map is available.
>        */
> -     dram_base = round_up(dram_base, SZ_128M);
> +     kernel_base = round_up(dram_base, SZ_128M);
>
> -     status = reserve_kernel_base(sys_table, dram_base, reserve_addr,
> +     /*
> +      * Note that some platforms (notably, the Raspberry Pi 2) put
> +      * spin-tables and other pieces of firmware at the base of RAM,
> +      * abusing the fact that the window of TEXT_OFFSET bytes at the
> +      * base of the kernel image is only partially used at the moment.
> +      * (Up to 5 pages are used for the swapper page table)
> +      */
> +     kernel_base += TEXT_OFFSET - 5 * PAGE_SIZE;
> +
> +     status = reserve_kernel_base(sys_table, kernel_base, reserve_addr,
>                                    reserve_size);
>       if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
>               pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Unable to allocate memory for
> uncompressed kernel.\n"); @@ -220,7 +230,7 @@ efi_status_t
> handle_kernel_image(efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
>       *image_size = image->image_size;
>       status = efi_relocate_kernel(sys_table, image_addr, *image_size,
>                                    *image_size,
> -                                  dram_base + MAX_UNCOMP_KERNEL_SIZE, 0);
> +                                  kernel_base + MAX_UNCOMP_KERNEL_SIZE,
> 0);
>       if (status != EFI_SUCCESS) {
>               pr_efi_err(sys_table, "Failed to relocate kernel.\n");
>               efi_free(sys_table, *reserve_size, *reserve_addr);
> --
> 2.20.1

IMPORTANT NOTICE: The contents of this email and any attachments are confidential and may also be privileged. If you are not the intended recipient, please notify the sender immediately and do not disclose the contents to any other person, use it for any purpose, or store or copy the information in any medium. Thank you.

_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-10-15  6:14 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-14 16:33 Ard Biesheuvel
2019-10-14 16:33 ` Ard Biesheuvel
2019-10-15  2:26 ` Chester Lin
2019-10-15  2:26   ` Chester Lin
2019-10-15  6:14 ` Guillaume Gardet [this message]
2019-10-15  6:14   ` Guillaume Gardet

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