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* + x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch added to -mm tree
@ 2021-03-10 22:58 akpm
  2021-04-06 20:05 ` Oscar Salvador
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: akpm @ 2021-03-10 22:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: bp, dave.hansen, david, hpa, luto, mhocko, mingo, mm-commits,
	osalvador, peterz, tglx, ziy


The patch titled
     Subject: x86/vmemmap: handle unpopulated sub-pmd ranges
has been added to the -mm tree.  Its filename is
     x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch

This patch should soon appear at
    https://ozlabs.org/~akpm/mmots/broken-out/x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch
and later at
    https://ozlabs.org/~akpm/mmotm/broken-out/x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch

Before you just go and hit "reply", please:
   a) Consider who else should be cc'ed
   b) Prefer to cc a suitable mailing list as well
   c) Ideally: find the original patch on the mailing list and do a
      reply-to-all to that, adding suitable additional cc's

*** Remember to use Documentation/process/submit-checklist.rst when testing your code ***

The -mm tree is included into linux-next and is updated
there every 3-4 working days

------------------------------------------------------
From: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Subject: x86/vmemmap: handle unpopulated sub-pmd ranges

When sizeof(struct page) is not a power of 2, sections do not span a PMD
anymore and so when populating them some parts of the PMD will remain
unused.

Because of this, PMDs will be left behind when depopulating sections since
remove_pmd_table() thinks that those unused parts are still in use.

Fix this by marking the unused parts with PAGE_UNUSED, so memchr_inv()
will do the right thing and will let us free the PMD when the last user of
it is gone.

This patch is based on a similar patch by David Hildenbrand:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200722094558.9828-9-david@redhat.com/

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210309214050.4674-4-osalvador@suse.de
Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c |   65 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 53 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c~x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges
+++ a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -826,6 +826,51 @@ void __init paging_init(void)
 	zone_sizes_init();
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+#define PAGE_UNUSED 0xFD
+
+/* Returns true if the PMD is completely unused and thus it can be freed */
+static bool __meminit vmemmap_pmd_is_unused(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
+{
+	unsigned long start = ALIGN_DOWN(addr, PMD_SIZE);
+
+	memset((void *)addr, PAGE_UNUSED, end - addr);
+
+	return !memchr_inv((void *)start, PAGE_UNUSED, PMD_SIZE);
+}
+
+static void __meminit vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(unsigned long start)
+{
+	/*
+	 * As we expect to add in the same granularity as we remove, it's
+	 * sufficient to mark only some piece used to block the memmap page from
+	 * getting removed when removing some other adjacent memmap (just in
+	 * case the first memmap never gets initialized e.g., because the memory
+	 * block never gets onlined).
+	 */
+	memset((void *)start, 0, sizeof(struct page));
+}
+
+static void __meminit vmemmap_use_new_sub_pmd(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Could be our memmap page is filled with PAGE_UNUSED already from a
+	 * previous remove. Make sure to reset it.
+	 */
+	vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(start);
+
+	/*
+	 * Mark with PAGE_UNUSED the unused parts of the new memmap range
+	 */
+	if (!IS_ALIGNED(start, PMD_SIZE))
+		memset((void *)start, PAGE_UNUSED,
+		        start - ALIGN_DOWN(start, PMD_SIZE));
+	if (!IS_ALIGNED(end, PMD_SIZE))
+		memset((void *)end, PAGE_UNUSED,
+		        ALIGN(end, PMD_SIZE) - end);
+}
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Memory hotplug specific functions
  */
@@ -871,8 +916,6 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start,
 	return add_pages(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, params);
 }
 
-#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
-
 static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
 {
 	unsigned long magic;
@@ -1006,7 +1049,6 @@ remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsig
 	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
 	pte_t *pte_base;
 	pmd_t *pmd;
-	void *page_addr;
 
 	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
 	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
@@ -1026,20 +1068,13 @@ remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsig
 				pmd_clear(pmd);
 				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 				pages++;
-			} else {
-				/* If here, we are freeing vmemmap pages. */
-				memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
-
-				page_addr = page_address(pmd_page(*pmd));
-				if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE,
-						PMD_SIZE)) {
+			} else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) &&
+				   vmemmap_pmd_is_unused(addr, next)) {
 					free_hugepage_table(pmd_page(*pmd),
 							    altmap);
-
 					spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 					pmd_clear(pmd);
 					spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
-				}
 			}
 
 			continue;
@@ -1492,11 +1527,17 @@ static int __meminit vmemmap_populate_hu
 
 				addr_end = addr + PMD_SIZE;
 				p_end = p + PMD_SIZE;
+
+				if (!IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) ||
+				    !IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE))
+					vmemmap_use_new_sub_pmd(addr, next);
+
 				continue;
 			} else if (altmap)
 				return -ENOMEM; /* no fallback */
 		} else if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
 			vmemmap_verify((pte_t *)pmd, node, addr, next);
+			vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(addr);
 			continue;
 		}
 		if (vmemmap_populate_basepages(addr, next, node, NULL))
_

Patches currently in -mm which might be from osalvador@suse.de are

x86-vmemmap-drop-handling-of-4k-unaligned-vmemmap-range.patch
x86-vmemmap-drop-handling-of-1gb-vmemmap-ranges.patch
x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch
x86-vmemmap-optimize-for-consecutive-sections-in-partial-populated-pmds.patch


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: + x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch added to -mm tree
  2021-03-10 22:58 + x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch added to -mm tree akpm
@ 2021-04-06 20:05 ` Oscar Salvador
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Oscar Salvador @ 2021-04-06 20:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: akpm
  Cc: bp, dave.hansen, david, hpa, luto, mhocko, mingo, mm-commits,
	peterz, tglx, ziy, rdunlap

On Wed, Mar 10, 2021 at 02:58:56PM -0800, akpm@linux-foundation.org wrote:
> ------------------------------------------------------
> From: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Subject: x86/vmemmap: handle unpopulated sub-pmd ranges
> 
> When sizeof(struct page) is not a power of 2, sections do not span a PMD
> anymore and so when populating them some parts of the PMD will remain
> unused.
> 
> Because of this, PMDs will be left behind when depopulating sections since
> remove_pmd_table() thinks that those unused parts are still in use.
> 
> Fix this by marking the unused parts with PAGE_UNUSED, so memchr_inv()
> will do the right thing and will let us free the PMD when the last user of
> it is gone.
> 
> This patch is based on a similar patch by David Hildenbrand:
> 
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200722094558.9828-9-david@redhat.com/
> 
> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210309214050.4674-4-osalvador@suse.de
> Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>

Hi Andrew,

Could you squash the following on top?
It seems that we need to go back to the ifdef version as the IS_ENABLED
does not properly work and throws a warning.

Thanks a lot

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 13187a3debe9..bbef99622370 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -1123,15 +1123,16 @@ remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
 				pmd_clear(pmd);
 				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 				pages++;
-			} else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) &&
-				   vmemmap_pmd_is_unused(addr, next)) {
+			}
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+			else if (vmemmap_pmd_is_unused(addr, next)) {
 					free_hugepage_table(pmd_page(*pmd),
 							    altmap);
 					spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 					pmd_clear(pmd);
 					spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 			}
-
+#endif
 			continue;
 		}




-- 
Oscar Salvador
SUSE L3

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* + x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch added to -mm tree
@ 2021-03-03  0:08 akpm
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: akpm @ 2021-03-03  0:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: bp, dave.hansen, david, hpa, luto, mhocko, mingo, mm-commits,
	osalvador, peterz, tglx


The patch titled
     Subject: x86/vmemmap: handle unpopulated sub-pmd ranges
has been added to the -mm tree.  Its filename is
     x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch

This patch should soon appear at
    https://ozlabs.org/~akpm/mmots/broken-out/x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch
and later at
    https://ozlabs.org/~akpm/mmotm/broken-out/x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch

Before you just go and hit "reply", please:
   a) Consider who else should be cc'ed
   b) Prefer to cc a suitable mailing list as well
   c) Ideally: find the original patch on the mailing list and do a
      reply-to-all to that, adding suitable additional cc's

*** Remember to use Documentation/process/submit-checklist.rst when testing your code ***

The -mm tree is included into linux-next and is updated
there every 3-4 working days

------------------------------------------------------
From: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Subject: x86/vmemmap: handle unpopulated sub-pmd ranges

When the size of a struct page is not multiple of 2MB, sections do not
span a PMD anymore and so when populating them some parts of the PMD will
remain unused.  Because of this, PMDs will be left behind when
depopulating sections since remove_pmd_table() thinks that those unused
parts are still in use.

Fix this by marking the unused parts with PAGE_UNUSED, so memchr_inv()
will do the right thing and will let us free the PMD when the last user of
it is gone.

This patch is based on a similar patch by David Hildenbrand:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200722094558.9828-9-david@redhat.com/
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200722094558.9828-10-david@redhat.com/

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210301083230.30924-4-osalvador@suse.de
Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c |  106 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 98 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c~x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges
+++ a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -871,7 +871,93 @@ int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start,
 	return add_pages(nid, start_pfn, nr_pages, params);
 }
 
-#define PAGE_INUSE 0xFD
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+#define PAGE_UNUSED 0xFD
+
+/*
+ * The unused vmemmap range, which was not yet memset(PAGE_UNUSED) ranges
+ * from unused_pmd_start to next PMD_SIZE boundary.
+ */
+static unsigned long unused_pmd_start __meminitdata;
+
+static void __meminit vmemmap_flush_unused_pmd(void)
+{
+	if (!unused_pmd_start)
+		return;
+	/*
+	 * Clears (unused_pmd_start, PMD_END]
+	 */
+	memset((void *)unused_pmd_start, PAGE_UNUSED,
+	       ALIGN(unused_pmd_start, PMD_SIZE) - unused_pmd_start);
+	unused_pmd_start = 0;
+}
+
+/* Returns true if the PMD is completely unused and thus it can be freed */
+static bool __meminit vmemmap_unuse_sub_pmd(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
+{
+	unsigned long start = ALIGN_DOWN(addr, PMD_SIZE);
+
+	vmemmap_flush_unused_pmd();
+	memset((void *)addr, PAGE_UNUSED, end - addr);
+
+	return !memchr_inv((void *)start, PAGE_UNUSED, PMD_SIZE);
+}
+
+static void __meminit __vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(unsigned long start)
+{
+	/*
+	 * As we expect to add in the same granularity as we remove, it's
+	 * sufficient to mark only some piece used to block the memmap page from
+	 * getting removed when removing some other adjacent memmap (just in
+	 * case the first memmap never gets initialized e.g., because the memory
+	 * block never gets onlined).
+	 */
+	memset((void *)start, 0, sizeof(struct page));
+}
+
+static void __meminit vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+	/*
+	 * We only optimize if the new used range directly follows the
+	 * previously unused range (esp., when populating consecutive sections).
+	 */
+	if (unused_pmd_start == start) {
+		if (likely(IS_ALIGNED(end, PMD_SIZE)))
+			unused_pmd_start = 0;
+		else
+			unused_pmd_start = end;
+		return;
+	}
+
+	vmemmap_flush_unused_pmd();
+	__vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(start);
+}
+
+static void __meminit vmemmap_use_new_sub_pmd(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+	vmemmap_flush_unused_pmd();
+
+	/*
+	 * Could be our memmap page is filled with PAGE_UNUSED already from a
+	 * previous remove.
+	 */
+	__vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(start);
+
+	/*
+	 * Mark the unused parts of the new memmap range
+	 */
+	if (!IS_ALIGNED(start, PMD_SIZE))
+		memset((void *)start, PAGE_UNUSED,
+		       start - ALIGN_DOWN(start, PMD_SIZE));
+	/*
+	 * We want to avoid memset(PAGE_UNUSED) when populating the vmemmap of
+	 * consecutive sections. Remember for the last added PMD the last
+	 * unused range in the populated PMD.
+	 */
+	if (!IS_ALIGNED(end, PMD_SIZE))
+		unused_pmd_start = end;
+}
+#endif
 
 static void __meminit free_pagetable(struct page *page, int order)
 {
@@ -1006,7 +1092,6 @@ remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsig
 	unsigned long next, pages = 0;
 	pte_t *pte_base;
 	pmd_t *pmd;
-	void *page_addr;
 
 	pmd = pmd_start + pmd_index(addr);
 	for (; addr < end; addr = next, pmd++) {
@@ -1027,12 +1112,11 @@ remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsig
 				spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 				pages++;
 			} else {
-				/* If here, we are freeing vmemmap pages. */
-				memset((void *)addr, PAGE_INUSE, next - addr);
-
-				page_addr = page_address(pmd_page(*pmd));
-				if (!memchr_inv(page_addr, PAGE_INUSE,
-						PMD_SIZE)) {
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+				/*
+				 * Free the PMD if the whole range is unused.
+				 */
+				if (vmemmap_unuse_sub_pmd(addr, next)) {
 					free_hugepage_table(pmd_page(*pmd),
 							    altmap);
 
@@ -1040,6 +1124,7 @@ remove_pmd_table(pmd_t *pmd_start, unsig
 					pmd_clear(pmd);
 					spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
 				}
+#endif
 			}
 
 			continue;
@@ -1492,11 +1577,16 @@ static int __meminit vmemmap_populate_hu
 
 				addr_end = addr + PMD_SIZE;
 				p_end = p + PMD_SIZE;
+
+				if (!IS_ALIGNED(addr, PMD_SIZE) ||
+				    !IS_ALIGNED(next, PMD_SIZE))
+					vmemmap_use_new_sub_pmd(addr, next);
 				continue;
 			} else if (altmap)
 				return -ENOMEM; /* no fallback */
 		} else if (pmd_large(*pmd)) {
 			vmemmap_verify((pte_t *)pmd, node, addr, next);
+			vmemmap_use_sub_pmd(addr, next);
 			continue;
 		}
 		if (vmemmap_populate_basepages(addr, next, node, NULL))
_

Patches currently in -mm which might be from osalvador@suse.de are

x86-vmemmap-drop-handling-of-4k-unaligned-vmemmap-range.patch
x86-vmemmap-drop-handling-of-1gb-vmemmap-ranges.patch
x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-04-06 20:05 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 3+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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2021-03-10 22:58 + x86-vmemmap-handle-unpopulated-sub-pmd-ranges.patch added to -mm tree akpm
2021-04-06 20:05 ` Oscar Salvador
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2021-03-03  0:08 akpm

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