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From: Sergey Senozhatsky <senozhatsky@chromium.org>
To: Liam Girdwood <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com>,
	Pierre-Louis Bossart <pierre-louis.bossart@linux.intel.com>,
	Ranjani Sridharan <ranjani.sridharan@linux.intel.com>,
	Kai Vehmanen <kai.vehmanen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.com>, Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>,
	Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>,
	Ricardo Ribalda <ribalda@chromium.org>,
	Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org>,
	sound-open-firmware@alsa-project.org,
	alsa-devel@alsa-project.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: out-of-bounds access in sound/soc/sof/topology.c
Date: Fri, 15 Apr 2022 18:23:47 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <Ylk5o3EC/hyX5UQ0@google.com> (raw)

Hi,

I'm running 5.10.111 LTS, so if this has been fixed already then we definitely
want to cherry pick the fix for -stable.


Anonymous union in this struct is of zero size

/* generic control data */
struct sof_ipc_ctrl_data {
        struct sof_ipc_reply rhdr;
        uint32_t comp_id;

        /* control access and data type */
        uint32_t type;          /**< enum sof_ipc_ctrl_type */
        uint32_t cmd;           /**< enum sof_ipc_ctrl_cmd */
        uint32_t index;         /**< control index for comps > 1 control */

        /* control data - can either be appended or DMAed from host */
        struct sof_ipc_host_buffer buffer;
        uint32_t num_elems;     /**< in array elems or bytes for data type */
        uint32_t elems_remaining;       /**< elems remaining if sent in parts */

        uint32_t msg_index;     /**< for large messages sent in parts */

        /* reserved for future use */
        uint32_t reserved[6];

        /* control data - add new types if needed */
        union {
                /* channel values can be used by volume type controls */
                struct sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan chanv[0];
                /* component values used by routing controls like mux, mixer */
                struct sof_ipc_ctrl_value_comp compv[0];
                /* data can be used by binary controls */
                struct sof_abi_hdr data[0];
        };
} __packed;

sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan and sof_ipc_ctrl_value_comp are of the same
size - 8 bytes, while sof_abi_hdr is much larger - _at least_ 32 bytes
(`__u32 data[0]` in sof_abi_hdr suggest that there should be more
payload after header). But they all contribute 0 to sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data).

Now control data allocations looks as follows

	scontrol->size = struct_size(scontrol->control_data, chanv,
				     le32_to_cpu(mc->num_channels));
	scontrol->control_data = kzalloc(scontrol->size, GFP_KERNEL);

Which is sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data) + mc->num_channels * sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan)

For some reason it uses sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan), which is not
the largest member of the union.

And this is where the problem is: in order to make control->data.FOO loads
and stores legal we need mc->num_channels to be of at least 4. So that

   sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data) + mc->num_channels * sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan)

                92           +        4         *            8

will be the same as

   sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data) + sizeof(sof_abi_hdr).

                92           +           32

Otherwise scontrol->control_data->data.FOO will access nearby/foreign
slab object.

And there is at least one such memory access. In sof_get_control_data().

	wdata[i].pdata = wdata[i].control->control_data->data;
	*size += wdata[i].pdata->size;

pdata->size is at offset 8, but if, say, mc->num_channels == 1 then
we allocate only 8 bytes for pdata, so pdata->size is 4 bytes outside
of allocated slab object.

Thoughts?

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Sergey Senozhatsky <senozhatsky@chromium.org>
To: Liam Girdwood <liam.r.girdwood@linux.intel.com>,
	Pierre-Louis Bossart <pierre-louis.bossart@linux.intel.com>,
	Ranjani Sridharan <ranjani.sridharan@linux.intel.com>,
	Kai Vehmanen <kai.vehmanen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: alsa-devel@alsa-project.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.com>, Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org>,
	Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>,
	Ricardo Ribalda <ribalda@chromium.org>,
	sound-open-firmware@alsa-project.org
Subject: out-of-bounds access in sound/soc/sof/topology.c
Date: Fri, 15 Apr 2022 18:23:47 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <Ylk5o3EC/hyX5UQ0@google.com> (raw)

Hi,

I'm running 5.10.111 LTS, so if this has been fixed already then we definitely
want to cherry pick the fix for -stable.


Anonymous union in this struct is of zero size

/* generic control data */
struct sof_ipc_ctrl_data {
        struct sof_ipc_reply rhdr;
        uint32_t comp_id;

        /* control access and data type */
        uint32_t type;          /**< enum sof_ipc_ctrl_type */
        uint32_t cmd;           /**< enum sof_ipc_ctrl_cmd */
        uint32_t index;         /**< control index for comps > 1 control */

        /* control data - can either be appended or DMAed from host */
        struct sof_ipc_host_buffer buffer;
        uint32_t num_elems;     /**< in array elems or bytes for data type */
        uint32_t elems_remaining;       /**< elems remaining if sent in parts */

        uint32_t msg_index;     /**< for large messages sent in parts */

        /* reserved for future use */
        uint32_t reserved[6];

        /* control data - add new types if needed */
        union {
                /* channel values can be used by volume type controls */
                struct sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan chanv[0];
                /* component values used by routing controls like mux, mixer */
                struct sof_ipc_ctrl_value_comp compv[0];
                /* data can be used by binary controls */
                struct sof_abi_hdr data[0];
        };
} __packed;

sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan and sof_ipc_ctrl_value_comp are of the same
size - 8 bytes, while sof_abi_hdr is much larger - _at least_ 32 bytes
(`__u32 data[0]` in sof_abi_hdr suggest that there should be more
payload after header). But they all contribute 0 to sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data).

Now control data allocations looks as follows

	scontrol->size = struct_size(scontrol->control_data, chanv,
				     le32_to_cpu(mc->num_channels));
	scontrol->control_data = kzalloc(scontrol->size, GFP_KERNEL);

Which is sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data) + mc->num_channels * sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan)

For some reason it uses sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan), which is not
the largest member of the union.

And this is where the problem is: in order to make control->data.FOO loads
and stores legal we need mc->num_channels to be of at least 4. So that

   sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data) + mc->num_channels * sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_value_chan)

                92           +        4         *            8

will be the same as

   sizeof(sof_ipc_ctrl_data) + sizeof(sof_abi_hdr).

                92           +           32

Otherwise scontrol->control_data->data.FOO will access nearby/foreign
slab object.

And there is at least one such memory access. In sof_get_control_data().

	wdata[i].pdata = wdata[i].control->control_data->data;
	*size += wdata[i].pdata->size;

pdata->size is at offset 8, but if, say, mc->num_channels == 1 then
we allocate only 8 bytes for pdata, so pdata->size is 4 bytes outside
of allocated slab object.

Thoughts?

             reply	other threads:[~2022-04-15  9:23 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-04-15  9:23 Sergey Senozhatsky [this message]
2022-04-15  9:23 ` out-of-bounds access in sound/soc/sof/topology.c Sergey Senozhatsky
2022-04-15 16:00 ` Pierre-Louis Bossart
2022-04-15 16:00   ` Pierre-Louis Bossart
2022-04-16  1:05   ` Sergey Senozhatsky
2022-04-16  1:05     ` Sergey Senozhatsky
2022-04-19 11:50   ` Péter Ujfalusi
2022-04-19 11:50     ` Péter Ujfalusi
2022-04-19 13:07     ` Pierre-Louis Bossart
2022-04-19 13:07       ` Pierre-Louis Bossart
2022-04-19 18:04       ` [Sound-open-firmware] " Curtis Malainey
2022-04-19 18:04         ` Curtis Malainey
2022-04-27  6:55       ` Sergey Senozhatsky
2022-04-27  6:55         ` Sergey Senozhatsky
2022-04-27  7:26         ` Péter Ujfalusi
2022-04-27  7:26           ` Péter Ujfalusi
2022-04-19  1:59 ` [Sound-open-firmware] " Curtis Malainey
2022-04-19  1:59   ` Curtis Malainey

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