All of lore.kernel.org
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
To: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Alasdair Kergon <agk@redhat.com>,
	Mike Snitzer <snitzer@kernel.org>,
	James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>,
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>,
	dm-devel@redhat.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-raid@vger.kernel.org, Song Liu <song@kernel.org>,
	Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>,
	linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 2/3] LoadPin: Enable loading from trusted dm-verity devices
Date: Mon, 16 May 2022 11:17:44 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YoKVSEJyHvFg/V9+@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <B7FB2BE6-DF1C-414A-B4C2-0C15FD1CBF75@chromium.org>

Hi Kees,

thanks for the review!

On Fri, May 13, 2022 at 03:36:26PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> 
> 
> On May 4, 2022 12:54:18 PM PDT, Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org> wrote:
> >Extend LoadPin to allow loading of kernel files from trusted dm-verity [1]
> >devices.
> >
> >This change adds the concept of trusted verity devices to LoadPin. LoadPin
> >maintains a list of root digests of verity devices it considers trusted.
> >Userspace can populate this list through an ioctl on the new LoadPin
> >securityfs entry 'dm-verity'. The ioctl receives a file descriptor of
> >a file with verity digests as parameter. Verity reads the digests from
> >this file after confirming that the file is located on the pinned root.
> >The list of trusted digests can only be set up once, which is typically
> >done at boot time.
> >
> >When a kernel file is read LoadPin first checks (as usual) whether the file
> >is located on the pinned root, if so the file can be loaded. Otherwise, if
> >the verity extension is enabled, LoadPin determines whether the file is
> >located on a verity backed device and whether the root digest of that
> 
> I think this should be "... on an already trusted device ..."

It's not entirely clear which part you want me to substitute. 'an already
trusted device' makes me wonder whether you are thinking about reading the
list of digests, and not the general case of reading a kernel file, which
this paragraph intends to describe.

> >device is in the list of trusted digests. The file can be loaded if the
> >verity device has a trusted root digest.
> >
> >Background:
> >
> >As of now LoadPin restricts loading of kernel files to a single pinned
> >filesystem, typically the rootfs. This works for many systems, however it
> >can result in a bloated rootfs (and OTA updates) on platforms where
> >multiple boards with different hardware configurations use the same rootfs
> >image. Especially when 'optional' files are large it may be preferable to
> >download/install them only when they are actually needed by a given board.
> >Chrome OS uses Downloadable Content (DLC) [2] to deploy certain 'packages'
> >at runtime. As an example a DLC package could contain firmware for a
> >peripheral that is not present on all boards. DLCs use dm-verity to verify
> >the integrity of the DLC content.
> >
> >[1] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/device-mapper/verity.html
> >[2] https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromiumos/platform2/+/HEAD/dlcservice/docs/developer.md
> >
> >Signed-off-by: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
> >---
> >
> >Changes in v3:
> >- added securityfs for LoadPin (currently only populated when
> >  CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN_VERITY=y)
> >- added uapi include for LoadPin
> >- changed the interface for setting up the list of trusted
> >  digests from sysctl to ioctl on securityfs entry
> >- added stub for loadpin_is_fs_trusted() to be used
> >  CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN_VERITY is not select
> >- depend on CONFIG_SECURITYFS instead of CONFIG_SYSTCL
> >- updated Kconfig help
> >- minor changes in read_trusted_verity_root_digests()
> >- updated commit message
> >
> >Changes in v2:
> >- userspace now passes the path of the file with the verity digests
> >  via systcl, instead of the digests themselves
> >- renamed sysctl file to 'trusted_verity_root_digests_path'
> >- have CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN_VERITY depend on CONFIG_SYSCTL
> >- updated Kconfig doc
> >- updated commit message
> >
> > include/uapi/linux/loadpin.h |  19 ++++
> > security/loadpin/Kconfig     |  16 +++
> > security/loadpin/loadpin.c   | 184 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > 3 files changed, 218 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/loadpin.h
> >
> >diff --git a/security/loadpin/loadpin.c b/security/loadpin/loadpin.c
> >index b12f7d986b1e..c29ce562a366 100644
> >--- a/security/loadpin/loadpin.c
> >+++ b/security/loadpin/loadpin.c
>
> ...
>
> >+static int read_trusted_verity_root_digests(unsigned int fd)
> >+{
> >+	struct fd f;
> >+	void *data;
> 
> Probably easier if this is u8 *?

Maybe slightly, it would then require a cast when passing it to
kernel_read_file()

> >+	int rc;
> >+	char *p, *d;
> >+
> >+	/* The list of trusted root digests can only be set up once */
> >+	if (!list_empty(&trusted_verity_root_digests))
> >+		return -EPERM;
> >+
> >+	f = fdget(fd);
> >+	if (!f.file)
> >+		return -EINVAL;
> >+
> >+	data = kzalloc(SZ_4K, GFP_KERNEL);
> >+	if (!data) {
> >+		rc = -ENOMEM;
> >+		goto err;
> >+	}
> >+
> >+	rc = kernel_read_file(f.file, 0, &data, SZ_4K - 1, NULL, READING_POLICY);
> >+	if (rc < 0)
> >+		goto err;
> >+
> >+	((char *)data)[rc] = '\0';
> >+
> >+	p = strim(data);
> >+	while ((d = strsep(&p, ",")) != NULL) {
> 
> Maybe be flexible and add newline as a separator too?

Sure, I can add that. I'd also be fine with just allowing a newline as
separator, which seems a reasonable format for a sysfs file.

> >+		int len = strlen(d);
> >+		struct trusted_root_digest *trd;
> >+
> >+		if (len % 2) {
> >+			rc = -EPROTO;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		len /= 2;
> >+
> >+		trd = kzalloc(sizeof(*trd), GFP_KERNEL);
> 
> With the struct change, this could be:
> 
> kzalloc(struct_size(trd, data, len), ...)

Will change

> >+		if (!trd) {
> >+			rc = -ENOMEM;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		trd->data = kzalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
> >+		if (!trd->data) {
> >+			kfree(trd);
> >+			rc = -ENOMEM;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		if (hex2bin(trd->data, d, len)) {
> >+			kfree(trd);
> >+			kfree(trd->data);
> >+			rc = -EPROTO;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		trd->len = len;
> >+
> >+		list_add_tail(&trd->node, &trusted_verity_root_digests);
> >+	}
> >+
> >+	kfree(data);
> >+	fdput(f);
> >+
> >+	if (!list_empty(&trusted_verity_root_digests))
> >+		dm_verity_loadpin_set_trusted_root_digests(&trusted_verity_root_digests);
> >+
> >+	return 0;
> >+
> >+err:
> >+	kfree(data);
> >+
> 
> Maybe add a comment that any load failure will invalidate the entire list?

ok

> Otherwise looks good! The only other thing I can think of is pondering more
> about more carefully failing closed. E.g. instead of just throwing away all
> the other hashes on a file load failure, maybe lock out future attempts to
> set it too? I'm not sure this is actually useful, though. :P it shouldn't be
> possible to corrupt the file, etc. But in the universe where things like
> DirtyCOW happens, I've gotten even more paranoid. ;)

Sure, we can do that

WARNING: multiple messages have this Message-ID
From: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
To: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org,
	Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>,
	Mike Snitzer <snitzer@kernel.org>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>,
	linux-raid@vger.kernel.org, Song Liu <song@kernel.org>,
	dm-devel@redhat.com, Alasdair Kergon <agk@redhat.com>,
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>
Subject: Re: [dm-devel] [PATCH v3 2/3] LoadPin: Enable loading from trusted dm-verity devices
Date: Mon, 16 May 2022 11:17:44 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YoKVSEJyHvFg/V9+@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <B7FB2BE6-DF1C-414A-B4C2-0C15FD1CBF75@chromium.org>

Hi Kees,

thanks for the review!

On Fri, May 13, 2022 at 03:36:26PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> 
> 
> On May 4, 2022 12:54:18 PM PDT, Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org> wrote:
> >Extend LoadPin to allow loading of kernel files from trusted dm-verity [1]
> >devices.
> >
> >This change adds the concept of trusted verity devices to LoadPin. LoadPin
> >maintains a list of root digests of verity devices it considers trusted.
> >Userspace can populate this list through an ioctl on the new LoadPin
> >securityfs entry 'dm-verity'. The ioctl receives a file descriptor of
> >a file with verity digests as parameter. Verity reads the digests from
> >this file after confirming that the file is located on the pinned root.
> >The list of trusted digests can only be set up once, which is typically
> >done at boot time.
> >
> >When a kernel file is read LoadPin first checks (as usual) whether the file
> >is located on the pinned root, if so the file can be loaded. Otherwise, if
> >the verity extension is enabled, LoadPin determines whether the file is
> >located on a verity backed device and whether the root digest of that
> 
> I think this should be "... on an already trusted device ..."

It's not entirely clear which part you want me to substitute. 'an already
trusted device' makes me wonder whether you are thinking about reading the
list of digests, and not the general case of reading a kernel file, which
this paragraph intends to describe.

> >device is in the list of trusted digests. The file can be loaded if the
> >verity device has a trusted root digest.
> >
> >Background:
> >
> >As of now LoadPin restricts loading of kernel files to a single pinned
> >filesystem, typically the rootfs. This works for many systems, however it
> >can result in a bloated rootfs (and OTA updates) on platforms where
> >multiple boards with different hardware configurations use the same rootfs
> >image. Especially when 'optional' files are large it may be preferable to
> >download/install them only when they are actually needed by a given board.
> >Chrome OS uses Downloadable Content (DLC) [2] to deploy certain 'packages'
> >at runtime. As an example a DLC package could contain firmware for a
> >peripheral that is not present on all boards. DLCs use dm-verity to verify
> >the integrity of the DLC content.
> >
> >[1] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/device-mapper/verity.html
> >[2] https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromiumos/platform2/+/HEAD/dlcservice/docs/developer.md
> >
> >Signed-off-by: Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@chromium.org>
> >---
> >
> >Changes in v3:
> >- added securityfs for LoadPin (currently only populated when
> >  CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN_VERITY=y)
> >- added uapi include for LoadPin
> >- changed the interface for setting up the list of trusted
> >  digests from sysctl to ioctl on securityfs entry
> >- added stub for loadpin_is_fs_trusted() to be used
> >  CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN_VERITY is not select
> >- depend on CONFIG_SECURITYFS instead of CONFIG_SYSTCL
> >- updated Kconfig help
> >- minor changes in read_trusted_verity_root_digests()
> >- updated commit message
> >
> >Changes in v2:
> >- userspace now passes the path of the file with the verity digests
> >  via systcl, instead of the digests themselves
> >- renamed sysctl file to 'trusted_verity_root_digests_path'
> >- have CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN_VERITY depend on CONFIG_SYSCTL
> >- updated Kconfig doc
> >- updated commit message
> >
> > include/uapi/linux/loadpin.h |  19 ++++
> > security/loadpin/Kconfig     |  16 +++
> > security/loadpin/loadpin.c   | 184 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > 3 files changed, 218 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/loadpin.h
> >
> >diff --git a/security/loadpin/loadpin.c b/security/loadpin/loadpin.c
> >index b12f7d986b1e..c29ce562a366 100644
> >--- a/security/loadpin/loadpin.c
> >+++ b/security/loadpin/loadpin.c
>
> ...
>
> >+static int read_trusted_verity_root_digests(unsigned int fd)
> >+{
> >+	struct fd f;
> >+	void *data;
> 
> Probably easier if this is u8 *?

Maybe slightly, it would then require a cast when passing it to
kernel_read_file()

> >+	int rc;
> >+	char *p, *d;
> >+
> >+	/* The list of trusted root digests can only be set up once */
> >+	if (!list_empty(&trusted_verity_root_digests))
> >+		return -EPERM;
> >+
> >+	f = fdget(fd);
> >+	if (!f.file)
> >+		return -EINVAL;
> >+
> >+	data = kzalloc(SZ_4K, GFP_KERNEL);
> >+	if (!data) {
> >+		rc = -ENOMEM;
> >+		goto err;
> >+	}
> >+
> >+	rc = kernel_read_file(f.file, 0, &data, SZ_4K - 1, NULL, READING_POLICY);
> >+	if (rc < 0)
> >+		goto err;
> >+
> >+	((char *)data)[rc] = '\0';
> >+
> >+	p = strim(data);
> >+	while ((d = strsep(&p, ",")) != NULL) {
> 
> Maybe be flexible and add newline as a separator too?

Sure, I can add that. I'd also be fine with just allowing a newline as
separator, which seems a reasonable format for a sysfs file.

> >+		int len = strlen(d);
> >+		struct trusted_root_digest *trd;
> >+
> >+		if (len % 2) {
> >+			rc = -EPROTO;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		len /= 2;
> >+
> >+		trd = kzalloc(sizeof(*trd), GFP_KERNEL);
> 
> With the struct change, this could be:
> 
> kzalloc(struct_size(trd, data, len), ...)

Will change

> >+		if (!trd) {
> >+			rc = -ENOMEM;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		trd->data = kzalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
> >+		if (!trd->data) {
> >+			kfree(trd);
> >+			rc = -ENOMEM;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		if (hex2bin(trd->data, d, len)) {
> >+			kfree(trd);
> >+			kfree(trd->data);
> >+			rc = -EPROTO;
> >+			goto err;
> >+		}
> >+
> >+		trd->len = len;
> >+
> >+		list_add_tail(&trd->node, &trusted_verity_root_digests);
> >+	}
> >+
> >+	kfree(data);
> >+	fdput(f);
> >+
> >+	if (!list_empty(&trusted_verity_root_digests))
> >+		dm_verity_loadpin_set_trusted_root_digests(&trusted_verity_root_digests);
> >+
> >+	return 0;
> >+
> >+err:
> >+	kfree(data);
> >+
> 
> Maybe add a comment that any load failure will invalidate the entire list?

ok

> Otherwise looks good! The only other thing I can think of is pondering more
> about more carefully failing closed. E.g. instead of just throwing away all
> the other hashes on a file load failure, maybe lock out future attempts to
> set it too? I'm not sure this is actually useful, though. :P it shouldn't be
> possible to corrupt the file, etc. But in the universe where things like
> DirtyCOW happens, I've gotten even more paranoid. ;)

Sure, we can do that

--
dm-devel mailing list
dm-devel@redhat.com
https://listman.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/dm-devel


  reply	other threads:[~2022-05-16 18:17 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 42+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-05-04 19:54 [PATCH v3 0/3] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-04 19:54 ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-04 19:54 ` [PATCH v3 1/3] dm: Add verity helpers for LoadPin Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-04 19:54   ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-11 20:54   ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-11 20:54     ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-12 17:19     ` Mike Snitzer
2022-05-12 17:19       ` [dm-devel] " Mike Snitzer
2022-05-12 18:14       ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-12 18:14         ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-12 20:44       ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-12 20:44         ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-13 16:29         ` Mike Snitzer
2022-05-13 16:29           ` [dm-devel] " Mike Snitzer
2022-05-13 16:53           ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-13 16:53             ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-13 22:15   ` Kees Cook
2022-05-13 22:15     ` [dm-devel] " Kees Cook
2022-05-16 18:51     ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-16 18:51       ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-17  3:38       ` Kees Cook
2022-05-17  3:38         ` [dm-devel] " Kees Cook
2022-05-04 19:54 ` [PATCH v3 2/3] LoadPin: Enable loading from trusted dm-verity devices Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-04 19:54   ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-04 22:26   ` kernel test robot
2022-05-04 22:26     ` [dm-devel] " kernel test robot
2022-05-13 16:32   ` Mike Snitzer
2022-05-13 16:32     ` [dm-devel] " Mike Snitzer
2022-05-13 17:01     ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-13 17:01       ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-13 18:26     ` Kees Cook
2022-05-13 18:26       ` [dm-devel] " Kees Cook
2022-05-13 22:36   ` Kees Cook
2022-05-13 22:36     ` [dm-devel] " Kees Cook
2022-05-16 18:17     ` Matthias Kaehlcke [this message]
2022-05-16 18:17       ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-17  3:44       ` Kees Cook
2022-05-17  3:44         ` [dm-devel] " Kees Cook
2022-05-17 19:28         ` Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-17 19:28           ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-04 19:54 ` [PATCH v3 3/3] dm: verity-loadpin: Use CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN_VERITY for conditional compilation Matthias Kaehlcke
2022-05-04 19:54   ` [dm-devel] " Matthias Kaehlcke

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=YoKVSEJyHvFg/V9+@google.com \
    --to=mka@chromium.org \
    --cc=agk@redhat.com \
    --cc=dianders@chromium.org \
    --cc=dm-devel@redhat.com \
    --cc=jmorris@namei.org \
    --cc=keescook@chromium.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-raid@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=serge@hallyn.com \
    --cc=snitzer@kernel.org \
    --cc=song@kernel.org \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v3 2/3] LoadPin: Enable loading from trusted dm-verity devices' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is an external index of several public inboxes,
see mirroring instructions on how to clone and mirror
all data and code used by this external index.