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From: tip-bot for Yabin Cui <tipbot@zytor.com>
To: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: jolsa@redhat.com, hpa@zytor.com, torvalds@linux-foundation.org,
	peterz@infradead.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	namhyung@kernel.org, tglx@linutronix.de, acme@kernel.org,
	eranian@google.com, mingo@kernel.org, yabinc@google.com,
	alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com, acme@redhat.com,
	vincent.weaver@maine.edu
Subject: [tip:perf/urgent] perf/ring_buffer: Fix exposing a temporarily decreased data_head
Date: Fri, 24 May 2019 01:08:13 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <tip-1b038c6e05ff70a1e66e3e571c2e6106bdb75f53@git.kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190517115418.224478157@infradead.org>

Commit-ID:  1b038c6e05ff70a1e66e3e571c2e6106bdb75f53
Gitweb:     https://git.kernel.org/tip/1b038c6e05ff70a1e66e3e571c2e6106bdb75f53
Author:     Yabin Cui <yabinc@google.com>
AuthorDate: Fri, 17 May 2019 13:52:31 +0200
Committer:  Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Fri, 24 May 2019 09:00:10 +0200

perf/ring_buffer: Fix exposing a temporarily decreased data_head

In perf_output_put_handle(), an IRQ/NMI can happen in below location and
write records to the same ring buffer:

	...
	local_dec_and_test(&rb->nest)
	...                          <-- an IRQ/NMI can happen here
	rb->user_page->data_head = head;
	...

In this case, a value A is written to data_head in the IRQ, then a value
B is written to data_head after the IRQ. And A > B. As a result,
data_head is temporarily decreased from A to B. And a reader may see
data_head < data_tail if it read the buffer frequently enough, which
creates unexpected behaviors.

This can be fixed by moving dec(&rb->nest) to after updating data_head,
which prevents the IRQ/NMI above from updating data_head.

[ Split up by peterz. ]

Signed-off-by: Yabin Cui <yabinc@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vince Weaver <vincent.weaver@maine.edu>
Cc: mark.rutland@arm.com
Fixes: ef60777c9abd ("perf: Optimize the perf_output() path by removing IRQ-disables")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190517115418.224478157@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/events/ring_buffer.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
index 674b35383491..009467a60578 100644
--- a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
+++ b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
@@ -51,11 +51,18 @@ again:
 	head = local_read(&rb->head);
 
 	/*
-	 * IRQ/NMI can happen here, which means we can miss a head update.
+	 * IRQ/NMI can happen here and advance @rb->head, causing our
+	 * load above to be stale.
 	 */
 
-	if (!local_dec_and_test(&rb->nest))
+	/*
+	 * If this isn't the outermost nesting, we don't have to update
+	 * @rb->user_page->data_head.
+	 */
+	if (local_read(&rb->nest) > 1) {
+		local_dec(&rb->nest);
 		goto out;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * Since the mmap() consumer (userspace) can run on a different CPU:
@@ -87,9 +94,18 @@ again:
 	rb->user_page->data_head = head;
 
 	/*
-	 * Now check if we missed an update -- rely on previous implied
-	 * compiler barriers to force a re-read.
+	 * We must publish the head before decrementing the nest count,
+	 * otherwise an IRQ/NMI can publish a more recent head value and our
+	 * write will (temporarily) publish a stale value.
+	 */
+	barrier();
+	local_set(&rb->nest, 0);
+
+	/*
+	 * Ensure we decrement @rb->nest before we validate the @rb->head.
+	 * Otherwise we cannot be sure we caught the 'last' nested update.
 	 */
+	barrier();
 	if (unlikely(head != local_read(&rb->head))) {
 		local_inc(&rb->nest);
 		goto again;

  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-05-24  8:08 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-17 11:52 [PATCH 0/4] perf ring-buffer fixes Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 11:52 ` [PATCH 1/4] perf/ring_buffer: Fix exposing a temporarily decreased data_head Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 13:05   ` Ingo Molnar
2019-05-17 14:26     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  7:01       ` Ingo Molnar
2019-05-24  8:08   ` tip-bot for Yabin Cui [this message]
2019-05-17 11:52 ` [PATCH 2/4] perf/ring_buffer: Add ordering to rb->nest increment Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  8:08   ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 11:52 ` [PATCH 3/4] perf/ring-buffer: Always use {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() for rb->user_page data Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  8:09   ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 11:52 ` [PATCH 4/4] perf/ring-buffer: Use regular variables for nesting Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  8:10   ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Peter Zijlstra

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