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From: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
To: <bpf@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>, <kernel-team@fb.com>,
	John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH bpf 1/2] bpf: fix a verifier issue when assigning 32bit reg states to 64bit ones
Date: Thu, 28 May 2020 09:50:43 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200528165043.1568695-1-yhs@fb.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200528165043.1568623-1-yhs@fb.com>

With the latest trunk llvm (llvm 11), I hit a verifier issue for
test_prog subtest test_verif_scale1.

The following simplified example illustrate the issue:
    w9 = 0  /* R9_w=inv0 */
    r8 = *(u32 *)(r1 + 80)  /* __sk_buff->data_end */
    r7 = *(u32 *)(r1 + 76)  /* __sk_buff->data */
    ......
    w2 = w9 /* R2_w=inv0 */
    r6 = r7 /* R6_w=pkt(id=0,off=0,r=0,imm=0) */
    r6 += r2 /* R6_w=inv(id=0) */
    r3 = r6 /* R3_w=inv(id=0) */
    r3 += 14 /* R3_w=inv(id=0) */
    if r3 > r8 goto end
    r5 = *(u32 *)(r6 + 0) /* R6_w=inv(id=0) */
       <== error here: R6 invalid mem access 'inv'
    ...
  end:

In real test_verif_scale1 code, "w9 = 0" and "w2 = w9" are in
different basic blocks.

In the above, after "r6 += r2", r6 becomes a scalar, which eventually
caused the memory access error. The correct register state should be
a pkt pointer.

The inprecise register state starts at "w2 = w9".
The 32bit register w9 is 0, in __reg_assign_32_into_64(),
the 64bit reg->smax_value is assigned to be U32_MAX.
The 64bit reg->smin_value is 0 and the 64bit register
itself remains constant based on reg->var_off.

In adjust_ptr_min_max_vals(), the verifier checks for a known constant,
smin_val must be equal to smax_val. Since they are not equal,
the verifier decides r6 is a unknown scalar, which caused later failure.

The llvm10 does not have this issue as it generates different code:
    w9 = 0  /* R9_w=inv0 */
    r8 = *(u32 *)(r1 + 80)  /* __sk_buff->data_end */
    r7 = *(u32 *)(r1 + 76)  /* __sk_buff->data */
    ......
    r6 = r7 /* R6_w=pkt(id=0,off=0,r=0,imm=0) */
    r6 += r9 /* R6_w=pkt(id=0,off=0,r=0,imm=0) */
    r3 = r6 /* R3_w=pkt(id=0,off=0,r=0,imm=0) */
    r3 += 14 /* R3_w=pkt(id=0,off=14,r=0,imm=0) */
    if r3 > r8 goto end
    ...

To fix the issue, if 32bit register is a const 0,
then just assign max vaue 0 to 64bit register smax_value as well.

Fixes: 3f50f132d840 ("bpf: Verifier, do explicit ALU32 bounds tracking")
Cc: John Fastabend <john.fastabend@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
---
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 8d7ee40e2748..5123ce54695f 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -1174,6 +1174,9 @@ static void __reg_assign_32_into_64(struct bpf_reg_state *reg)
 		reg->smin_value = 0;
 	if (reg->s32_max_value > 0)
 		reg->smax_value = reg->s32_max_value;
+	else if (reg->s32_max_value == 0 && reg->s32_min_value == 0 &&
+		 tnum_is_const(reg->var_off))
+		reg->smax_value = 0; /* const 0 */
 	else
 		reg->smax_value = U32_MAX;
 }
-- 
2.24.1


  reply	other threads:[~2020-05-28 16:50 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-05-28 16:50 [PATCH bpf 0/2] " Yonghong Song
2020-05-28 16:50 ` Yonghong Song [this message]
2020-05-28 20:36   ` [PATCH bpf 1/2] " Alexei Starovoitov
2020-05-28 21:22     ` Yonghong Song
2020-05-28 21:30   ` John Fastabend
2020-05-28 21:58     ` Yonghong Song
2020-05-28 16:50 ` [PATCH bpf 2/2] tools/bpf: add a verifier test for " Yonghong Song

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