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From: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
To: <bpf@vger.kernel.org>, <netdev@vger.kernel.org>, <linux-mm@kvack.org>
Cc: <ast@kernel.org>, <daniel@iogearbox.net>, <andrii@kernel.org>,
	<john.fastabend@gmail.com>, <kpsingh@chromium.org>,
	<kernel-team@fb.com>, <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Subject: [PATCH v3 bpf-next 1/4] bpf: introduce task_vma bpf_iter
Date: Wed, 6 Jan 2021 20:17:58 -0800
Message-ID: <20210107041801.2003241-2-songliubraving@fb.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210107041801.2003241-1-songliubraving@fb.com>

Introduce task_vma bpf_iter to print memory information of a process. It
can be used to print customized information similar to /proc/<pid>/maps.

Current /proc/<pid>/maps and /proc/<pid>/smaps provide information of
vma's of a process. However, these information are not flexible enough to
cover all use cases. For example, if a vma cover mixed 2MB pages and 4kB
pages (x86_64), there is no easy way to tell which address ranges are
backed by 2MB pages. task_vma solves the problem by enabling the user to
generate customize information based on the vma (and vma->vm_mm,
vma->vm_file, etc.).

To access the vma safely in the BPF program, task_vma iterator holds
target mmap_lock while calling the BPF program. If the mmap_lock is
contended, task_vma unlocks mmap_lock between iterations to unblock the
writer(s). This lock contention avoidance mechanism is similar to the one
used in show_smaps_rollup().

Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
---
 kernel/bpf/task_iter.c | 211 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 210 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/task_iter.c b/kernel/bpf/task_iter.c
index 0458a40edf10a..a1d3c9d230f68 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/task_iter.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/task_iter.c
@@ -304,9 +304,192 @@ static const struct seq_operations task_file_seq_ops = {
 	.show	= task_file_seq_show,
 };
 
+struct bpf_iter_seq_task_vma_info {
+	/* The first field must be struct bpf_iter_seq_task_common.
+	 * this is assumed by {init, fini}_seq_pidns() callback functions.
+	 */
+	struct bpf_iter_seq_task_common common;
+	struct task_struct *task;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	u32 tid;
+	unsigned long prev_vm_start;
+	unsigned long prev_vm_end;
+};
+
+enum bpf_task_vma_iter_find_op {
+	task_vma_iter_first_vma,   /* use mm->mmap */
+	task_vma_iter_next_vma,    /* use curr_vma->vm_next */
+	task_vma_iter_find_vma,    /* use find_vma() to find next vma */
+};
+
+static struct vm_area_struct *
+task_vma_seq_get_next(struct bpf_iter_seq_task_vma_info *info)
+{
+	struct pid_namespace *ns = info->common.ns;
+	enum bpf_task_vma_iter_find_op op;
+	struct vm_area_struct *curr_vma;
+	struct task_struct *curr_task;
+	u32 curr_tid = info->tid;
+
+	/* If this function returns a non-NULL vma, it holds a reference to
+	 * the task_struct, and holds read lock on vma->mm->mmap_lock.
+	 * If this function returns NULL, it does not hold any reference or
+	 * lock.
+	 */
+again:
+	if (info->task) {
+		curr_task = info->task;
+		curr_vma = info->vma;
+		/* In case of lock contention, drop mmap_lock to unblock
+		 * the writer.
+		 */
+		if (mmap_lock_is_contended(curr_task->mm)) {
+			info->prev_vm_start = curr_vma->vm_start;
+			info->prev_vm_end = curr_vma->vm_end;
+			op = task_vma_iter_find_vma;
+			mmap_read_unlock(curr_task->mm);
+			if (mmap_read_lock_killable(curr_task->mm))
+				goto finish;
+		} else {
+			op = task_vma_iter_next_vma;
+		}
+	} else {
+		curr_task = task_seq_get_next(ns, &curr_tid, true);
+		if (!curr_task) {
+			info->tid = curr_tid + 1;
+			goto finish;
+		}
+
+		if (curr_tid != info->tid) {
+			info->tid = curr_tid;
+			op = task_vma_iter_first_vma;
+		} else {
+			op = task_vma_iter_find_vma;
+		}
+
+		if (!curr_task->mm)
+			goto next_task;
+
+		if (mmap_read_lock_killable(curr_task->mm))
+			goto finish;
+	}
+
+	switch (op) {
+	case task_vma_iter_first_vma:
+		curr_vma = curr_task->mm->mmap;
+		break;
+	case task_vma_iter_next_vma:
+		curr_vma = curr_vma->vm_next;
+		break;
+	case task_vma_iter_find_vma:
+		/* We dropped mmap_lock so it is necessary to use find_vma
+		 * to find the next vma. This is similar to the  mechanism
+		 * in show_smaps_rollup().
+		 */
+		curr_vma = find_vma(curr_task->mm, info->prev_vm_end - 1);
+
+		if (curr_vma && (curr_vma->vm_start == info->prev_vm_start))
+			curr_vma = curr_vma->vm_next;
+		break;
+	}
+	if (!curr_vma) {
+		mmap_read_unlock(curr_task->mm);
+		goto next_task;
+	}
+	info->task = curr_task;
+	info->vma = curr_vma;
+	return curr_vma;
+
+next_task:
+	put_task_struct(curr_task);
+	info->task = NULL;
+	curr_tid++;
+	goto again;
+
+finish:
+	info->task = NULL;
+	info->vma = NULL;
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void *task_vma_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	struct bpf_iter_seq_task_vma_info *info = seq->private;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+
+	vma = task_vma_seq_get_next(info);
+	if (vma && *pos == 0)
+		++*pos;
+
+	return vma;
+}
+
+static void *task_vma_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	struct bpf_iter_seq_task_vma_info *info = seq->private;
+
+	++*pos;
+	return task_vma_seq_get_next(info);
+}
+
+struct bpf_iter__task_vma {
+	__bpf_md_ptr(struct bpf_iter_meta *, meta);
+	__bpf_md_ptr(struct task_struct *, task);
+	__bpf_md_ptr(struct vm_area_struct *, vma);
+};
+
+DEFINE_BPF_ITER_FUNC(task_vma, struct bpf_iter_meta *meta,
+		     struct task_struct *task, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+
+static int __task_vma_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, bool in_stop)
+{
+	struct bpf_iter_seq_task_vma_info *info = seq->private;
+	struct bpf_iter__task_vma ctx;
+	struct bpf_iter_meta meta;
+	struct bpf_prog *prog;
+
+	meta.seq = seq;
+	prog = bpf_iter_get_info(&meta, in_stop);
+	if (!prog)
+		return 0;
+
+	ctx.meta = &meta;
+	ctx.task = info->task;
+	ctx.vma = info->vma;
+	return bpf_iter_run_prog(prog, &ctx);
+}
+
+static int task_vma_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
+{
+	return __task_vma_seq_show(seq, false);
+}
+
+static void task_vma_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
+{
+	struct bpf_iter_seq_task_vma_info *info = seq->private;
+
+	if (!v) {
+		(void)__task_vma_seq_show(seq, true);
+	} else {
+		info->prev_vm_start = info->vma->vm_start;
+		info->prev_vm_end = info->vma->vm_end;
+		mmap_read_unlock(info->task->mm);
+		put_task_struct(info->task);
+		info->task = NULL;
+	}
+}
+
+static const struct seq_operations task_vma_seq_ops = {
+	.start	= task_vma_seq_start,
+	.next	= task_vma_seq_next,
+	.stop	= task_vma_seq_stop,
+	.show	= task_vma_seq_show,
+};
+
 BTF_ID_LIST(btf_task_file_ids)
 BTF_ID(struct, task_struct)
 BTF_ID(struct, file)
+BTF_ID(struct, vm_area_struct)
 
 static const struct bpf_iter_seq_info task_seq_info = {
 	.seq_ops		= &task_seq_ops,
@@ -346,6 +529,26 @@ static struct bpf_iter_reg task_file_reg_info = {
 	.seq_info		= &task_file_seq_info,
 };
 
+static const struct bpf_iter_seq_info task_vma_seq_info = {
+	.seq_ops		= &task_vma_seq_ops,
+	.init_seq_private	= init_seq_pidns,
+	.fini_seq_private	= fini_seq_pidns,
+	.seq_priv_size		= sizeof(struct bpf_iter_seq_task_vma_info),
+};
+
+static struct bpf_iter_reg task_vma_reg_info = {
+	.target			= "task_vma",
+	.feature		= BPF_ITER_RESCHED,
+	.ctx_arg_info_size	= 2,
+	.ctx_arg_info		= {
+		{ offsetof(struct bpf_iter__task_vma, task),
+		  PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL },
+		{ offsetof(struct bpf_iter__task_vma, vma),
+		  PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL },
+	},
+	.seq_info		= &task_vma_seq_info,
+};
+
 static int __init task_iter_init(void)
 {
 	int ret;
@@ -357,6 +560,12 @@ static int __init task_iter_init(void)
 
 	task_file_reg_info.ctx_arg_info[0].btf_id = btf_task_file_ids[0];
 	task_file_reg_info.ctx_arg_info[1].btf_id = btf_task_file_ids[1];
-	return bpf_iter_reg_target(&task_file_reg_info);
+	ret =  bpf_iter_reg_target(&task_file_reg_info);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	task_vma_reg_info.ctx_arg_info[0].btf_id = btf_task_file_ids[0];
+	task_vma_reg_info.ctx_arg_info[1].btf_id = btf_task_file_ids[2];
+	return bpf_iter_reg_target(&task_vma_reg_info);
 }
 late_initcall(task_iter_init);
-- 
2.24.1


  reply index

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-07  4:17 [PATCH v3 bpf-next 0/4] introduce bpf_iter for task_vma Song Liu
2021-01-07  4:17 ` Song Liu [this message]
2021-01-12 18:43   ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 1/4] bpf: introduce task_vma bpf_iter Yonghong Song
2021-01-07  4:18 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 4/4] selftests/bpf: add test for bpf_iter_task_vma Song Liu
     [not found] ` <20210107041801.2003241-3-songliubraving@fb.com>
2021-01-08 21:54   ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 2/4] bpf: allow bpf_d_path in sleepable bpf_iter program KP Singh

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