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From: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
To: <bpf@vger.kernel.org>, <netdev@vger.kernel.org>, <ast@fb.com>,
	<daniel@iogearbox.net>
Cc: <andrii@kernel.org>, <kernel-team@fb.com>
Subject: [PATCH v4 bpf-next 06/12] libbpf: add BPF static linker APIs
Date: Thu, 18 Mar 2021 12:40:30 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210318194036.3521577-7-andrii@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210318194036.3521577-1-andrii@kernel.org>

Introduce BPF static linker APIs to libbpf. BPF static linker allows to
perform static linking of multiple BPF object files into a single combined
resulting object file, preserving all the BPF programs, maps, global
variables, etc.

Data sections (.bss, .data, .rodata, .maps, maps, etc) with the same name are
concatenated together. Similarly, code sections are also concatenated. All the
symbols and ELF relocations are also concatenated in their respective ELF
sections and are adjusted accordingly to the new object file layout.

Static variables and functions are handled correctly as well, adjusting BPF
instructions offsets to reflect new variable/function offset within the
combined ELF section. Such relocations are referencing STT_SECTION symbols and
that stays intact.

Data sections in different files can have different alignment requirements, so
that is taken care of as well, adjusting sizes and offsets as necessary to
satisfy both old and new alignment requirements.

DWARF data sections are stripped out, currently. As well as LLLVM_ADDRSIG
section, which is ignored by libbpf in bpf_object__open() anyways. So, in
a way, BPF static linker is an analogue to `llvm-strip -g`, which is a pretty
nice property, especially if resulting .o file is then used to generate BPF
skeleton.

Original string sections are ignored and instead we construct our own set of
unique strings using libbpf-internal `struct strset` API.

To reduce the size of the patch, all the .BTF and .BTF.ext processing was
moved into a separate patch.

The high-level API consists of just 4 functions:
  - bpf_linker__new() creates an instance of BPF static linker. It accepts
    output filename and (currently empty) options struct;
  - bpf_linker__add_file() takes input filename and appends it to the already
    processed ELF data; it can be called multiple times, one for each BPF
    ELF object file that needs to be linked in;
  - bpf_linker__finalize() needs to be called to dump final ELF contents into
    the output file, specified when bpf_linker was created; after
    bpf_linker__finalize() is called, no more bpf_linker__add_file() and
    bpf_linker__finalize() calls are allowed, they will return error;
  - regardless of whether bpf_linker__finalize() was called or not,
    bpf_linker__free() will free up all the used resources.

Currently, BPF static linker doesn't resolve cross-object file references
(extern variables and/or functions). This will be added in the follow up patch
set.

Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@kernel.org>
---
 tools/lib/bpf/Build             |    2 +-
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c          |   11 +-
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h          |   13 +
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map        |    4 +
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf_internal.h |   20 +
 tools/lib/bpf/linker.c          | 1176 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 1215 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/lib/bpf/linker.c

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/Build b/tools/lib/bpf/Build
index 8136186a453f..9b057cc7650a 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/Build
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/Build
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
 libbpf-y := libbpf.o bpf.o nlattr.o btf.o libbpf_errno.o str_error.o \
 	    netlink.o bpf_prog_linfo.o libbpf_probes.o xsk.o hashmap.o \
-	    btf_dump.o ringbuf.o strset.o
+	    btf_dump.o ringbuf.o strset.o linker.o
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index 18ba37164e17..058b643cbcb1 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -55,10 +55,6 @@
 #include "libbpf_internal.h"
 #include "hashmap.h"
 
-#ifndef EM_BPF
-#define EM_BPF 247
-#endif
-
 #ifndef BPF_FS_MAGIC
 #define BPF_FS_MAGIC		0xcafe4a11
 #endif
@@ -1134,11 +1130,6 @@ static void bpf_object__elf_finish(struct bpf_object *obj)
 	obj->efile.obj_buf_sz = 0;
 }
 
-/* if libelf is old and doesn't support mmap(), fall back to read() */
-#ifndef ELF_C_READ_MMAP
-#define ELF_C_READ_MMAP ELF_C_READ
-#endif
-
 static int bpf_object__elf_init(struct bpf_object *obj)
 {
 	int err = 0;
@@ -2807,7 +2798,7 @@ static bool ignore_elf_section(GElf_Shdr *hdr, const char *name)
 		return true;
 
 	/* ignore .llvm_addrsig section as well */
-	if (hdr->sh_type == 0x6FFF4C03 /* SHT_LLVM_ADDRSIG */)
+	if (hdr->sh_type == SHT_LLVM_ADDRSIG)
 		return true;
 
 	/* no subprograms will lead to an empty .text section, ignore it */
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
index 3d690d4e785c..a1a424b9b8ff 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
@@ -760,6 +760,19 @@ enum libbpf_tristate {
 	TRI_MODULE = 2,
 };
 
+struct bpf_linker_opts {
+	/* size of this struct, for forward/backward compatiblity */
+	size_t sz;
+};
+#define bpf_linker_opts__last_field sz
+
+struct bpf_linker;
+
+LIBBPF_API struct bpf_linker *bpf_linker__new(const char *filename, struct bpf_linker_opts *opts);
+LIBBPF_API int bpf_linker__add_file(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *filename);
+LIBBPF_API int bpf_linker__finalize(struct bpf_linker *linker);
+LIBBPF_API void bpf_linker__free(struct bpf_linker *linker);
+
 #ifdef __cplusplus
 } /* extern "C" */
 #endif
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
index d31d8c968097..279ae861f568 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
@@ -355,4 +355,8 @@ LIBBPF_0.4.0 {
 	global:
 		btf__add_float;
 		btf__add_type;
+		bpf_linker__add_file;
+		bpf_linker__finalize;
+		bpf_linker__free;
+		bpf_linker__new;
 } LIBBPF_0.3.0;
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf_internal.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf_internal.h
index e0787900eeca..6017902c687e 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf_internal.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf_internal.h
@@ -20,6 +20,26 @@
 
 #include "libbpf.h"
 
+#ifndef EM_BPF
+#define EM_BPF 247
+#endif
+
+#ifndef R_BPF_64_64
+#define R_BPF_64_64 1
+#endif
+#ifndef R_BPF_64_32
+#define R_BPF_64_32 10
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SHT_LLVM_ADDRSIG
+#define SHT_LLVM_ADDRSIG 0x6FFF4C03
+#endif
+
+/* if libelf is old and doesn't support mmap(), fall back to read() */
+#ifndef ELF_C_READ_MMAP
+#define ELF_C_READ_MMAP ELF_C_READ
+#endif
+
 #define BTF_INFO_ENC(kind, kind_flag, vlen) \
 	((!!(kind_flag) << 31) | ((kind) << 24) | ((vlen) & BTF_MAX_VLEN))
 #define BTF_TYPE_ENC(name, info, size_or_type) (name), (info), (size_or_type)
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/linker.c b/tools/lib/bpf/linker.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..01b56939a835
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/linker.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1176 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: (LGPL-2.1 OR BSD-2-Clause)
+/*
+ * BPF static linker
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2021 Facebook
+ */
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/btf.h>
+#include <elf.h>
+#include <libelf.h>
+#include <gelf.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include "libbpf.h"
+#include "btf.h"
+#include "libbpf_internal.h"
+#include "strset.h"
+
+struct src_sec {
+	const char *sec_name;
+	/* positional (not necessarily ELF) index in an array of sections */
+	int id;
+	/* positional (not necessarily ELF) index of a matching section in a final object file */
+	int dst_id;
+	/* section data offset in a matching output section */
+	int dst_off;
+	/* whether section is omitted from the final ELF file */
+	bool skipped;
+
+	/* ELF info */
+	size_t sec_idx;
+	Elf_Scn *scn;
+	Elf64_Shdr *shdr;
+	Elf_Data *data;
+};
+
+struct src_obj {
+	const char *filename;
+	int fd;
+	Elf *elf;
+	/* Section header strings section index */
+	size_t shstrs_sec_idx;
+	/* SYMTAB section index */
+	size_t symtab_sec_idx;
+
+	/* List of sections. Slot zero is unused. */
+	struct src_sec *secs;
+	int sec_cnt;
+
+	/* mapping of symbol indices from src to dst ELF */
+	int *sym_map;
+};
+
+struct dst_sec {
+	char *sec_name;
+	/* positional (not necessarily ELF) index in an array of sections */
+	int id;
+
+	/* ELF info */
+	size_t sec_idx;
+	Elf_Scn *scn;
+	Elf64_Shdr *shdr;
+	Elf_Data *data;
+
+	/* final output section size */
+	int sec_sz;
+	/* final output contents of the section */
+	void *raw_data;
+
+	/* corresponding STT_SECTION symbol index in SYMTAB */
+	int sec_sym_idx;
+};
+
+struct bpf_linker {
+	char *filename;
+	int fd;
+	Elf *elf;
+	Elf64_Ehdr *elf_hdr;
+
+	/* Output sections metadata */
+	struct dst_sec *secs;
+	int sec_cnt;
+
+	struct strset *strtab_strs; /* STRTAB unique strings */
+	size_t strtab_sec_idx; /* STRTAB section index */
+	size_t symtab_sec_idx; /* SYMTAB section index */
+};
+
+#define pr_warn_elf(fmt, ...)									\
+do {												\
+	libbpf_print(LIBBPF_WARN, "libbpf: " fmt ": %s\n", ##__VA_ARGS__, elf_errmsg(-1));	\
+} while (0)
+
+static int init_output_elf(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *file);
+
+static int linker_load_obj_file(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *filename, struct src_obj *obj);
+static int linker_sanity_check_elf(struct src_obj *obj);
+static int linker_append_sec_data(struct bpf_linker *linker, struct src_obj *obj);
+static int linker_append_elf_syms(struct bpf_linker *linker, struct src_obj *obj);
+static int linker_append_elf_relos(struct bpf_linker *linker, struct src_obj *obj);
+
+void bpf_linker__free(struct bpf_linker *linker)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	if (!linker)
+		return;
+
+	free(linker->filename);
+
+	if (linker->elf)
+		elf_end(linker->elf);
+
+	if (linker->fd >= 0)
+		close(linker->fd);
+
+	strset__free(linker->strtab_strs);
+
+	for (i = 1; i < linker->sec_cnt; i++) {
+		struct dst_sec *sec = &linker->secs[i];
+
+		free(sec->sec_name);
+		free(sec->raw_data);
+	}
+	free(linker->secs);
+
+	free(linker);
+}
+
+struct bpf_linker *bpf_linker__new(const char *filename, struct bpf_linker_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct bpf_linker *linker;
+	int err;
+
+	if (!OPTS_VALID(opts, bpf_linker_opts))
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (elf_version(EV_CURRENT) == EV_NONE) {
+		pr_warn_elf("libelf initialization failed");
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	linker = calloc(1, sizeof(*linker));
+	if (!linker)
+		return NULL;
+
+	linker->fd = -1;
+
+	err = init_output_elf(linker, filename);
+	if (err)
+		goto err_out;
+
+	return linker;
+
+err_out:
+	bpf_linker__free(linker);
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct dst_sec *add_dst_sec(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *sec_name)
+{
+	struct dst_sec *secs = linker->secs, *sec;
+	size_t new_cnt = linker->sec_cnt ? linker->sec_cnt + 1 : 2;
+
+	secs = libbpf_reallocarray(secs, new_cnt, sizeof(*secs));
+	if (!secs)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/* zero out newly allocated memory */
+	memset(secs + linker->sec_cnt, 0, (new_cnt - linker->sec_cnt) * sizeof(*secs));
+
+	linker->secs = secs;
+	linker->sec_cnt = new_cnt;
+
+	sec = &linker->secs[new_cnt - 1];
+	sec->id = new_cnt - 1;
+	sec->sec_name = strdup(sec_name);
+	if (!sec->sec_name)
+		return NULL;
+
+	return sec;
+}
+
+static Elf64_Sym *add_new_sym(struct bpf_linker *linker, size_t *sym_idx)
+{
+	struct dst_sec *symtab = &linker->secs[linker->symtab_sec_idx];
+	Elf64_Sym *syms, *sym;
+	size_t sym_cnt = symtab->sec_sz / sizeof(*sym);
+
+	syms = libbpf_reallocarray(symtab->raw_data, sym_cnt + 1, sizeof(*sym));
+	if (!syms)
+		return NULL;
+
+	sym = &syms[sym_cnt];
+	memset(sym, 0, sizeof(*sym));
+
+	symtab->raw_data = syms;
+	symtab->sec_sz += sizeof(*sym);
+	symtab->shdr->sh_size += sizeof(*sym);
+	symtab->data->d_size += sizeof(*sym);
+
+	if (sym_idx)
+		*sym_idx = sym_cnt;
+
+	return sym;
+}
+
+static int init_output_elf(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *file)
+{
+	int err, str_off;
+	Elf64_Sym *init_sym;
+	struct dst_sec *sec;
+
+	linker->filename = strdup(file);
+	if (!linker->filename)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	linker->fd = open(file, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, 0644);
+	if (linker->fd < 0) {
+		err = -errno;
+		pr_warn("failed to create '%s': %d\n", file, err);
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	linker->elf = elf_begin(linker->fd, ELF_C_WRITE, NULL);
+	if (!linker->elf) {
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to create ELF object");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* ELF header */
+	linker->elf_hdr = elf64_newehdr(linker->elf);
+	if (!linker->elf_hdr){
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to create ELF header");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	linker->elf_hdr->e_machine = EM_BPF;
+	linker->elf_hdr->e_type = ET_REL;
+#if __BYTE_ORDER == __LITTLE_ENDIAN
+	linker->elf_hdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELFDATA2LSB;
+#elif __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN
+	linker->elf_hdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELFDATA2MSB;
+#else
+#error "Unknown __BYTE_ORDER"
+#endif
+
+	/* STRTAB */
+	/* initialize strset with an empty string to conform to ELF */
+	linker->strtab_strs = strset__new(INT_MAX, "", sizeof(""));
+	if (libbpf_get_error(linker->strtab_strs))
+		return libbpf_get_error(linker->strtab_strs);
+
+	sec = add_dst_sec(linker, ".strtab");
+	if (!sec)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	sec->scn = elf_newscn(linker->elf);
+	if (!sec->scn) {
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to create STRTAB section");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	sec->shdr = elf64_getshdr(sec->scn);
+	if (!sec->shdr)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	sec->data = elf_newdata(sec->scn);
+	if (!sec->data) {
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to create STRTAB data");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	str_off = strset__add_str(linker->strtab_strs, sec->sec_name);
+	if (str_off < 0)
+		return str_off;
+
+	sec->sec_idx = elf_ndxscn(sec->scn);
+	linker->elf_hdr->e_shstrndx = sec->sec_idx;
+	linker->strtab_sec_idx = sec->sec_idx;
+
+	sec->shdr->sh_name = str_off;
+	sec->shdr->sh_type = SHT_STRTAB;
+	sec->shdr->sh_flags = SHF_STRINGS;
+	sec->shdr->sh_offset = 0;
+	sec->shdr->sh_link = 0;
+	sec->shdr->sh_info = 0;
+	sec->shdr->sh_addralign = 1;
+	sec->shdr->sh_size = sec->sec_sz = 0;
+	sec->shdr->sh_entsize = 0;
+
+	/* SYMTAB */
+	sec = add_dst_sec(linker, ".symtab");
+	if (!sec)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	sec->scn = elf_newscn(linker->elf);
+	if (!sec->scn) {
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to create SYMTAB section");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	sec->shdr = elf64_getshdr(sec->scn);
+	if (!sec->shdr)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	sec->data = elf_newdata(sec->scn);
+	if (!sec->data) {
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to create SYMTAB data");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	str_off = strset__add_str(linker->strtab_strs, sec->sec_name);
+	if (str_off < 0)
+		return str_off;
+
+	sec->sec_idx = elf_ndxscn(sec->scn);
+	linker->symtab_sec_idx = sec->sec_idx;
+
+	sec->shdr->sh_name = str_off;
+	sec->shdr->sh_type = SHT_SYMTAB;
+	sec->shdr->sh_flags = 0;
+	sec->shdr->sh_offset = 0;
+	sec->shdr->sh_link = linker->strtab_sec_idx;
+	/* sh_info should be one greater than the index of the last local
+	 * symbol (i.e., binding is STB_LOCAL). But why and who cares?
+	 */
+	sec->shdr->sh_info = 0;
+	sec->shdr->sh_addralign = 8;
+	sec->shdr->sh_entsize = sizeof(Elf64_Sym);
+
+	/* add the special all-zero symbol */
+	init_sym = add_new_sym(linker, NULL);
+	if (!init_sym)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	init_sym->st_name = 0;
+	init_sym->st_info = 0;
+	init_sym->st_other = 0;
+	init_sym->st_shndx = SHN_UNDEF;
+	init_sym->st_value = 0;
+	init_sym->st_size = 0;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int bpf_linker__add_file(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *filename)
+{
+	struct src_obj obj = {};
+	int err = 0;
+
+	if (!linker->elf)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	err = err ?: linker_load_obj_file(linker, filename, &obj);
+	err = err ?: linker_append_sec_data(linker, &obj);
+	err = err ?: linker_append_elf_syms(linker, &obj);
+	err = err ?: linker_append_elf_relos(linker, &obj);
+
+	/* free up src_obj resources */
+	free(obj.secs);
+	free(obj.sym_map);
+	if (obj.elf)
+		elf_end(obj.elf);
+	if (obj.fd >= 0)
+		close(obj.fd);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+static bool is_dwarf_sec_name(const char *name)
+{
+	/* approximation, but the actual list is too long */
+	return strncmp(name, ".debug_", sizeof(".debug_") - 1) == 0;
+}
+
+static bool is_ignored_sec(struct src_sec *sec)
+{
+	Elf64_Shdr *shdr = sec->shdr;
+	const char *name = sec->sec_name;
+
+	/* no special handling of .strtab */
+	if (shdr->sh_type == SHT_STRTAB)
+		return true;
+
+	/* ignore .llvm_addrsig section as well */
+	if (shdr->sh_type == SHT_LLVM_ADDRSIG)
+		return true;
+
+	/* no subprograms will lead to an empty .text section, ignore it */
+	if (shdr->sh_type == SHT_PROGBITS && shdr->sh_size == 0 &&
+	    strcmp(sec->sec_name, ".text") == 0)
+		return true;
+
+	/* DWARF sections */
+	if (is_dwarf_sec_name(sec->sec_name))
+		return true;
+
+	if (strncmp(name, ".rel", sizeof(".rel") - 1) == 0) {
+		name += sizeof(".rel") - 1;
+		/* DWARF section relocations */
+		if (is_dwarf_sec_name(name))
+			return true;
+
+		/* .BTF and .BTF.ext don't need relocations */
+		if (strcmp(name, BTF_ELF_SEC) == 0 ||
+		    strcmp(name, BTF_EXT_ELF_SEC) == 0)
+			return true;
+	}
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+static struct src_sec *add_src_sec(struct src_obj *obj, const char *sec_name)
+{
+	struct src_sec *secs = obj->secs, *sec;
+	size_t new_cnt = obj->sec_cnt ? obj->sec_cnt + 1 : 2;
+
+	secs = libbpf_reallocarray(secs, new_cnt, sizeof(*secs));
+	if (!secs)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/* zero out newly allocated memory */
+	memset(secs + obj->sec_cnt, 0, (new_cnt - obj->sec_cnt) * sizeof(*secs));
+
+	obj->secs = secs;
+	obj->sec_cnt = new_cnt;
+
+	sec = &obj->secs[new_cnt - 1];
+	sec->id = new_cnt - 1;
+	sec->sec_name = sec_name;
+
+	return sec;
+}
+
+static int linker_load_obj_file(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *filename, struct src_obj *obj)
+{
+#if __BYTE_ORDER == __LITTLE_ENDIAN
+	const int host_endianness = ELFDATA2LSB;
+#elif __BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN
+	const int host_endianness = ELFDATA2MSB;
+#else
+#error "Unknown __BYTE_ORDER"
+#endif
+	int err = 0;
+	Elf_Scn *scn;
+	Elf_Data *data;
+	Elf64_Ehdr *ehdr;
+	Elf64_Shdr *shdr;
+	struct src_sec *sec;
+
+	pr_debug("linker: adding object file '%s'...\n", filename);
+
+	obj->filename = filename;
+
+	obj->fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
+	if (obj->fd < 0) {
+		err = -errno;
+		pr_warn("failed to open file '%s': %d\n", filename, err);
+		return err;
+	}
+	obj->elf = elf_begin(obj->fd, ELF_C_READ_MMAP, NULL);
+	if (!obj->elf) {
+		err = -errno;
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to parse ELF file '%s'", filename);
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	/* Sanity check ELF file high-level properties */
+	ehdr = elf64_getehdr(obj->elf);
+	if (!ehdr) {
+		err = -errno;
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to get ELF header for %s", filename);
+		return err;
+	}
+	if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] != host_endianness) {
+		err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		pr_warn_elf("unsupported byte order of ELF file %s", filename);
+		return err;
+	}
+	if (ehdr->e_type != ET_REL
+	    || ehdr->e_machine != EM_BPF
+	    || ehdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS] != ELFCLASS64) {
+		err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		pr_warn_elf("unsupported kind of ELF file %s", filename);
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	if (elf_getshdrstrndx(obj->elf, &obj->shstrs_sec_idx)) {
+		err = -errno;
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to get SHSTRTAB section index for %s", filename);
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	scn = NULL;
+	while ((scn = elf_nextscn(obj->elf, scn)) != NULL) {
+		size_t sec_idx = elf_ndxscn(scn);
+		const char *sec_name;
+
+		shdr = elf64_getshdr(scn);
+		if (!shdr) {
+			err = -errno;
+			pr_warn_elf("failed to get section #%zu header for %s",
+				    sec_idx, filename);
+			return err;
+		}
+
+		sec_name = elf_strptr(obj->elf, obj->shstrs_sec_idx, shdr->sh_name);
+		if (!sec_name) {
+			err = -errno;
+			pr_warn_elf("failed to get section #%zu name for %s",
+				    sec_idx, filename);
+			return err;
+		}
+
+		data = elf_getdata(scn, 0);
+		if (!data) {
+			err = -errno;
+			pr_warn_elf("failed to get section #%zu (%s) data from %s",
+				    sec_idx, sec_name, filename);
+			return err;
+		}
+
+		sec = add_src_sec(obj, sec_name);
+		if (!sec)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
+		sec->scn = scn;
+		sec->shdr = shdr;
+		sec->data = data;
+		sec->sec_idx = elf_ndxscn(scn);
+
+		if (is_ignored_sec(sec)) {
+			sec->skipped = true;
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		switch (shdr->sh_type) {
+		case SHT_SYMTAB:
+			if (obj->symtab_sec_idx) {
+				err = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+				pr_warn("multiple SYMTAB sections found, not supported\n");
+				return err;
+			}
+			obj->symtab_sec_idx = sec_idx;
+			break;
+		case SHT_STRTAB:
+			/* we'll construct our own string table */
+			break;
+		case SHT_PROGBITS:
+			if (strcmp(sec_name, BTF_ELF_SEC) == 0) {
+				sec->skipped = true;
+				continue;
+			}
+			if (strcmp(sec_name, BTF_EXT_ELF_SEC) == 0) {
+				sec->skipped = true;
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			/* data & code */
+			break;
+		case SHT_NOBITS:
+			/* BSS */
+			break;
+		case SHT_REL:
+			/* relocations */
+			break;
+		default:
+			pr_warn("unrecognized section #%zu (%s) in %s\n",
+				sec_idx, sec_name, filename);
+			err = -EINVAL;
+			return err;
+		}
+	}
+
+	err = err ?: linker_sanity_check_elf(obj);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+static bool is_pow_of_2(size_t x)
+{
+	return x && (x & (x - 1)) == 0;
+}
+
+static int linker_sanity_check_elf(struct src_obj *obj)
+{
+	struct src_sec *sec, *link_sec;
+	int i, j, n;
+
+	if (!obj->symtab_sec_idx) {
+		pr_warn("ELF is missing SYMTAB section in %s\n", obj->filename);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	if (!obj->shstrs_sec_idx) {
+		pr_warn("ELF is missing section headers STRTAB section in %s\n", obj->filename);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 1; i < obj->sec_cnt; i++) {
+		sec = &obj->secs[i];
+
+		if (sec->sec_name[0] == '\0') {
+			pr_warn("ELF section #%zu has empty name in %s\n", sec->sec_idx, obj->filename);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		if (sec->shdr->sh_addralign && !is_pow_of_2(sec->shdr->sh_addralign))
+			return -EINVAL;
+		if (sec->shdr->sh_addralign != sec->data->d_align)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		if (sec->shdr->sh_size != sec->data->d_size)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		switch (sec->shdr->sh_type) {
+		case SHT_SYMTAB: {
+			Elf64_Sym *sym;
+
+			if (sec->shdr->sh_entsize != sizeof(Elf64_Sym))
+				return -EINVAL;
+			if (sec->shdr->sh_size % sec->shdr->sh_entsize != 0)
+				return -EINVAL;
+
+			if (!sec->shdr->sh_link || sec->shdr->sh_link >= obj->sec_cnt) {
+				pr_warn("ELF SYMTAB section #%zu points to missing STRTAB section #%zu in %s\n",
+					sec->sec_idx, (size_t)sec->shdr->sh_link, obj->filename);
+				return -EINVAL;
+			}
+			link_sec = &obj->secs[sec->shdr->sh_link];
+			if (link_sec->shdr->sh_type != SHT_STRTAB) {
+				pr_warn("ELF SYMTAB section #%zu points to invalid STRTAB section #%zu in %s\n",
+					sec->sec_idx, (size_t)sec->shdr->sh_link, obj->filename);
+				return -EINVAL;
+			}
+
+			n = sec->shdr->sh_size / sec->shdr->sh_entsize;
+			sym = sec->data->d_buf;
+			for (j = 0; j < n; j++, sym++) {
+				if (sym->st_shndx
+				    && sym->st_shndx < SHN_LORESERVE
+				    && sym->st_shndx >= obj->sec_cnt) {
+					pr_warn("ELF sym #%d in section #%zu points to missing section #%zu in %s\n",
+						j, sec->sec_idx, (size_t)sym->st_shndx, obj->filename);
+					return -EINVAL;
+				}
+				if (ELF64_ST_TYPE(sym->st_info) == STT_SECTION) {
+					if (sym->st_value != 0)
+						return -EINVAL;
+				}
+			}
+			break;
+		}
+		case SHT_STRTAB:
+			break;
+		case SHT_PROGBITS:
+			if (sec->shdr->sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR) {
+				if (sec->shdr->sh_size % sizeof(struct bpf_insn) != 0)
+					return -EINVAL;
+			}
+			break;
+		case SHT_NOBITS:
+			break;
+		case SHT_REL: {
+			Elf64_Rel *relo;
+			struct src_sec *sym_sec;
+
+			if (sec->shdr->sh_entsize != sizeof(Elf64_Rel))
+				return -EINVAL;
+			if (sec->shdr->sh_size % sec->shdr->sh_entsize != 0)
+				return -EINVAL;
+
+			/* SHT_REL's sh_link should point to SYMTAB */
+			if (sec->shdr->sh_link != obj->symtab_sec_idx) {
+				pr_warn("ELF relo section #%zu points to invalid SYMTAB section #%zu in %s\n",
+					sec->sec_idx, (size_t)sec->shdr->sh_link, obj->filename);
+				return -EINVAL;
+			}
+
+			/* SHT_REL's sh_info points to relocated section */
+			if (!sec->shdr->sh_info || sec->shdr->sh_info >= obj->sec_cnt) {
+				pr_warn("ELF relo section #%zu points to missing section #%zu in %s\n",
+					sec->sec_idx, (size_t)sec->shdr->sh_info, obj->filename);
+				return -EINVAL;
+			}
+			link_sec = &obj->secs[sec->shdr->sh_info];
+
+			/* .rel<secname> -> <secname> pattern is followed */
+			if (strncmp(sec->sec_name, ".rel", sizeof(".rel") - 1) != 0
+			    || strcmp(sec->sec_name + sizeof(".rel") - 1, link_sec->sec_name) != 0) {
+				pr_warn("ELF relo section #%zu name has invalid name in %s\n",
+					sec->sec_idx, obj->filename);
+				return -EINVAL;
+			}
+
+			/* don't further validate relocations for ignored sections */
+			if (link_sec->skipped)
+				break;
+
+			/* relocatable section is data or instructions */
+			if (link_sec->shdr->sh_type != SHT_PROGBITS
+			    && link_sec->shdr->sh_type != SHT_NOBITS) {
+				pr_warn("ELF relo section #%zu points to invalid section #%zu in %s\n",
+					sec->sec_idx, (size_t)sec->shdr->sh_info, obj->filename);
+				return -EINVAL;
+			}
+
+			/* check sanity of each relocation */
+			n = sec->shdr->sh_size / sec->shdr->sh_entsize;
+			relo = sec->data->d_buf;
+			sym_sec = &obj->secs[obj->symtab_sec_idx];
+			for (j = 0; j < n; j++, relo++) {
+				size_t sym_idx = ELF64_R_SYM(relo->r_info);
+				size_t sym_type = ELF64_R_TYPE(relo->r_info);
+
+				if (sym_type != R_BPF_64_64 && sym_type != R_BPF_64_32) {
+					pr_warn("ELF relo #%d in section #%zu has unexpected type %zu in %s\n",
+						j, sec->sec_idx, sym_type, obj->filename);
+					return -EINVAL;
+				}
+
+				if (!sym_idx || sym_idx * sizeof(Elf64_Sym) >= sym_sec->shdr->sh_size) {
+					pr_warn("ELF relo #%d in section #%zu points to invalid symbol #%zu in %s\n",
+						j, sec->sec_idx, sym_idx, obj->filename);
+					return -EINVAL;
+				}
+
+				if (link_sec->shdr->sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR) {
+					if (relo->r_offset % sizeof(struct bpf_insn) != 0) {
+						pr_warn("ELF relo #%d in section #%zu points to missing symbol #%zu in %s\n",
+							j, sec->sec_idx, sym_idx, obj->filename);
+						return -EINVAL;
+					}
+				}
+			}
+			break;
+		}
+		case SHT_LLVM_ADDRSIG:
+			break;
+		default:
+			pr_warn("ELF section #%zu (%s) has unrecognized type %zu in %s\n",
+				sec->sec_idx, sec->sec_name, (size_t)sec->shdr->sh_type, obj->filename);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int init_sec(struct bpf_linker *linker, struct dst_sec *dst_sec, struct src_sec *src_sec)
+{
+	Elf_Scn *scn;
+	Elf_Data *data;
+	Elf64_Shdr *shdr;
+	int name_off;
+
+	dst_sec->sec_sz = 0;
+	dst_sec->sec_idx = 0;
+
+	scn = elf_newscn(linker->elf);
+	if (!scn)
+		return -1;
+	data = elf_newdata(scn);
+	if (!data)
+		return -1;
+	shdr = elf64_getshdr(scn);
+	if (!shdr)
+		return -1;
+
+	dst_sec->scn = scn;
+	dst_sec->shdr = shdr;
+	dst_sec->data = data;
+	dst_sec->sec_idx = elf_ndxscn(scn);
+
+	name_off = strset__add_str(linker->strtab_strs, src_sec->sec_name);
+	if (name_off < 0)
+		return name_off;
+
+	shdr->sh_name = name_off;
+	shdr->sh_type = src_sec->shdr->sh_type;
+	shdr->sh_flags = src_sec->shdr->sh_flags;
+	shdr->sh_size = 0;
+	/* sh_link and sh_info have different meaning for different types of
+	 * sections, so we leave it up to the caller code to fill them in, if
+	 * necessary
+	 */
+	shdr->sh_link = 0;
+	shdr->sh_info = 0;
+	shdr->sh_addralign = src_sec->shdr->sh_addralign;
+	shdr->sh_entsize = src_sec->shdr->sh_entsize;
+
+	data->d_type = src_sec->data->d_type;
+	data->d_size = 0;
+	data->d_buf = NULL;
+	data->d_align = src_sec->data->d_align;
+	data->d_off = 0;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct dst_sec *find_dst_sec_by_name(struct bpf_linker *linker, const char *sec_name)
+{
+	struct dst_sec *sec;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 1; i < linker->sec_cnt; i++) {
+		sec = &linker->secs[i];
+
+		if (strcmp(sec->sec_name, sec_name) == 0)
+			return sec;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static bool secs_match(struct dst_sec *dst, struct src_sec *src)
+{
+	if (dst->shdr->sh_type != src->shdr->sh_type) {
+		pr_warn("sec %s types mismatch\n", dst->sec_name);
+		return false;
+	}
+	if (dst->shdr->sh_flags != src->shdr->sh_flags) {
+		pr_warn("sec %s flags mismatch\n", dst->sec_name);
+		return false;
+	}
+	if (dst->shdr->sh_entsize != src->shdr->sh_entsize) {
+		pr_warn("sec %s entsize mismatch\n", dst->sec_name);
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static bool sec_content_is_same(struct dst_sec *dst_sec, struct src_sec *src_sec)
+{
+	if (dst_sec->sec_sz != src_sec->shdr->sh_size)
+		return false;
+	if (memcmp(dst_sec->raw_data, src_sec->data->d_buf, dst_sec->sec_sz) != 0)
+		return false;
+	return true;
+}
+
+static int extend_sec(struct dst_sec *dst, struct src_sec *src)
+{
+	void *tmp;
+	size_t dst_align = dst->shdr->sh_addralign;
+	size_t src_align = src->shdr->sh_addralign;
+	size_t dst_align_sz, dst_final_sz;
+
+	if (dst_align == 0)
+		dst_align = 1;
+	if (dst_align < src_align)
+		dst_align = src_align;
+
+	dst_align_sz = (dst->sec_sz + dst_align - 1) / dst_align * dst_align;
+
+	/* no need to re-align final size */
+	dst_final_sz = dst_align_sz + src->shdr->sh_size;
+
+	if (src->shdr->sh_type != SHT_NOBITS) {
+		tmp = realloc(dst->raw_data, dst_final_sz);
+		if (!tmp)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		dst->raw_data = tmp;
+
+		/* pad dst section, if it's alignment forced size increase */
+		memset(dst->raw_data + dst->sec_sz, 0, dst_align_sz - dst->sec_sz);
+		/* now copy src data at a properly aligned offset */
+		memcpy(dst->raw_data + dst_align_sz, src->data->d_buf, src->shdr->sh_size);
+	}
+
+	dst->sec_sz = dst_final_sz;
+	dst->shdr->sh_size = dst_final_sz;
+	dst->data->d_size = dst_final_sz;
+
+	dst->shdr->sh_addralign = dst_align;
+	dst->data->d_align = dst_align;
+
+	src->dst_off = dst_align_sz;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool is_data_sec(struct src_sec *sec)
+{
+	if (!sec || sec->skipped)
+		return false;
+	return sec->shdr->sh_type == SHT_PROGBITS || sec->shdr->sh_type == SHT_NOBITS;
+}
+
+static bool is_relo_sec(struct src_sec *sec)
+{
+	if (!sec || sec->skipped)
+		return false;
+	return sec->shdr->sh_type == SHT_REL;
+}
+
+static int linker_append_sec_data(struct bpf_linker *linker, struct src_obj *obj)
+{
+	int i, err;
+
+	for (i = 1; i < obj->sec_cnt; i++) {
+		struct src_sec *src_sec;
+		struct dst_sec *dst_sec;
+
+		src_sec = &obj->secs[i];
+		if (!is_data_sec(src_sec))
+			continue;
+
+		dst_sec = find_dst_sec_by_name(linker, src_sec->sec_name);
+		if (!dst_sec) {
+			dst_sec = add_dst_sec(linker, src_sec->sec_name);
+			if (!dst_sec)
+				return -ENOMEM;
+			err = init_sec(linker, dst_sec, src_sec);
+			if (err) {
+				pr_warn("failed to init section '%s'\n", src_sec->sec_name);
+				return err;
+			}
+		} else {
+			if (!secs_match(dst_sec, src_sec)) {
+				pr_warn("ELF sections %s are incompatible\n", src_sec->sec_name);
+				return -1;
+			}
+
+			/* "license" and "version" sections are deduped */
+			if (strcmp(src_sec->sec_name, "license") == 0
+			    || strcmp(src_sec->sec_name, "version") == 0) {
+				if (!sec_content_is_same(dst_sec, src_sec)) {
+					pr_warn("non-identical contents of section '%s' are not supported\n", src_sec->sec_name);
+					return -EINVAL;
+				}
+				src_sec->skipped = true;
+				src_sec->dst_id = dst_sec->id;
+				continue;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* record mapped section index */
+		src_sec->dst_id = dst_sec->id;
+
+		err = extend_sec(dst_sec, src_sec);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int linker_append_elf_syms(struct bpf_linker *linker, struct src_obj *obj)
+{
+	struct src_sec *symtab = &obj->secs[obj->symtab_sec_idx];
+	Elf64_Sym *sym = symtab->data->d_buf, *dst_sym;
+	int i, n = symtab->shdr->sh_size / symtab->shdr->sh_entsize;
+	int str_sec_idx = symtab->shdr->sh_link;
+
+	obj->sym_map = calloc(n + 1, sizeof(*obj->sym_map));
+	if (!obj->sym_map)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < n; i++, sym++) {
+		struct src_sec *src_sec = NULL;
+		struct dst_sec *dst_sec = NULL;
+		const char *sym_name;
+		size_t dst_sym_idx;
+		int name_off;
+
+		/* we already have all-zero initial symbol */
+		if (sym->st_name == 0 && sym->st_info == 0 &&
+		    sym->st_other == 0 && sym->st_shndx == SHN_UNDEF &&
+		    sym->st_value == 0 && sym->st_size ==0)
+			continue;
+
+		sym_name = elf_strptr(obj->elf, str_sec_idx, sym->st_name);
+		if (!sym_name) {
+			pr_warn("can't fetch symbol name for symbol #%d in '%s'\n", i, obj->filename);
+			return -1;
+		}
+
+		if (sym->st_shndx && sym->st_shndx < SHN_LORESERVE) {
+			src_sec = &obj->secs[sym->st_shndx];
+			if (src_sec->skipped)
+				continue;
+			dst_sec = &linker->secs[src_sec->dst_id];
+
+			/* allow only one STT_SECTION symbol per section */
+			if (ELF64_ST_TYPE(sym->st_info) == STT_SECTION && dst_sec->sec_sym_idx) {
+				obj->sym_map[i] = dst_sec->sec_sym_idx;
+				continue;
+			}
+		}
+
+		name_off = strset__add_str(linker->strtab_strs, sym_name);
+		if (name_off < 0)
+			return name_off;
+
+		dst_sym = add_new_sym(linker, &dst_sym_idx);
+		if (!dst_sym)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
+		dst_sym->st_name = name_off;
+		dst_sym->st_info = sym->st_info;
+		dst_sym->st_other = sym->st_other;
+		dst_sym->st_shndx = src_sec ? dst_sec->sec_idx : sym->st_shndx;
+		dst_sym->st_value = (src_sec ? src_sec->dst_off : 0) + sym->st_value;
+		dst_sym->st_size = sym->st_size;
+
+		obj->sym_map[i] = dst_sym_idx;
+
+		if (ELF64_ST_TYPE(sym->st_info) == STT_SECTION && dst_sym) {
+			dst_sec->sec_sym_idx = dst_sym_idx;
+			dst_sym->st_value = 0;
+		}
+
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int linker_append_elf_relos(struct bpf_linker *linker, struct src_obj *obj)
+{
+	struct src_sec *src_symtab = &obj->secs[obj->symtab_sec_idx];
+	struct dst_sec *dst_symtab = &linker->secs[linker->symtab_sec_idx];
+	int i, err;
+
+	for (i = 1; i < obj->sec_cnt; i++) {
+		struct src_sec *src_sec, *src_linked_sec;
+		struct dst_sec *dst_sec, *dst_linked_sec;
+		Elf64_Rel *src_rel, *dst_rel;
+		int j, n;
+
+		src_sec = &obj->secs[i];
+		if (!is_relo_sec(src_sec))
+			continue;
+
+		/* shdr->sh_info points to relocatable section */
+		src_linked_sec = &obj->secs[src_sec->shdr->sh_info];
+		if (src_linked_sec->skipped)
+			continue;
+
+		dst_sec = find_dst_sec_by_name(linker, src_sec->sec_name);
+		if (!dst_sec) {
+			dst_sec = add_dst_sec(linker, src_sec->sec_name);
+			if (!dst_sec)
+				return -ENOMEM;
+			err = init_sec(linker, dst_sec, src_sec);
+			if (err) {
+				pr_warn("failed to init section '%s'\n", src_sec->sec_name);
+				return err;
+			}
+		} else if (!secs_match(dst_sec, src_sec)) {
+			pr_warn("Secs %s are not compatible\n", src_sec->sec_name);
+			return -1;
+		}
+
+		/* shdr->sh_link points to SYMTAB */
+		dst_sec->shdr->sh_link = linker->symtab_sec_idx;
+
+		/* shdr->sh_info points to relocated section */
+		dst_linked_sec = &linker->secs[src_linked_sec->dst_id];
+		dst_sec->shdr->sh_info = dst_linked_sec->sec_idx;
+
+		src_sec->dst_id = dst_sec->id;
+		err = extend_sec(dst_sec, src_sec);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+
+		src_rel = src_sec->data->d_buf;
+		dst_rel = dst_sec->raw_data + src_sec->dst_off;
+		n = src_sec->shdr->sh_size / src_sec->shdr->sh_entsize;
+		for (j = 0; j < n; j++, src_rel++, dst_rel++) {
+			size_t src_sym_idx = ELF64_R_SYM(src_rel->r_info);
+			size_t sym_type = ELF64_R_TYPE(src_rel->r_info);
+			Elf64_Sym *src_sym, *dst_sym;
+			size_t dst_sym_idx;
+
+			src_sym_idx = ELF64_R_SYM(src_rel->r_info);
+			src_sym = src_symtab->data->d_buf + sizeof(*src_sym) * src_sym_idx;
+
+			dst_sym_idx = obj->sym_map[src_sym_idx];
+			dst_sym = dst_symtab->raw_data + sizeof(*dst_sym) * dst_sym_idx;
+			dst_rel->r_offset += src_linked_sec->dst_off;
+			sym_type = ELF64_R_TYPE(src_rel->r_info);
+			dst_rel->r_info = ELF64_R_INFO(dst_sym_idx, sym_type);
+
+			if (ELF64_ST_TYPE(src_sym->st_info) == STT_SECTION) {
+				struct src_sec *sec = &obj->secs[src_sym->st_shndx];
+				struct bpf_insn *insn;
+
+				if (src_linked_sec->shdr->sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR) {
+					/* calls to the very first static function inside
+					 * .text section at offset 0 will
+					 * reference section symbol, not the
+					 * function symbol. Fix that up,
+					 * otherwise it won't be possible to
+					 * relocate calls to two different
+					 * static functions with the same name
+					 * (rom two different object files)
+					 */
+					insn = dst_linked_sec->raw_data + dst_rel->r_offset;
+					if (insn->code == (BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL))
+						insn->imm += sec->dst_off / sizeof(struct bpf_insn);
+					else
+						insn->imm += sec->dst_off;
+				} else {
+					pr_warn("relocation against STT_SECTION in non-exec section is not supported!\n");
+					return -EINVAL;
+				}
+			}
+
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int bpf_linker__finalize(struct bpf_linker *linker)
+{
+	struct dst_sec *sec;
+	size_t strs_sz;
+	const void *strs;
+	int err, i;
+
+	if (!linker->elf)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Finalize strings */
+	strs_sz = strset__data_size(linker->strtab_strs);
+	strs = strset__data(linker->strtab_strs);
+
+	sec = &linker->secs[linker->strtab_sec_idx];
+	sec->data->d_align = 1;
+	sec->data->d_off = 0LL;
+	sec->data->d_buf = (void *)strs;
+	sec->data->d_type = ELF_T_BYTE;
+	sec->data->d_size = strs_sz;
+	sec->shdr->sh_size = strs_sz;
+
+	for (i = 1; i < linker->sec_cnt; i++) {
+		sec = &linker->secs[i];
+
+		/* STRTAB is handled specially above */
+		if (sec->sec_idx == linker->strtab_sec_idx)
+			continue;
+
+		sec->data->d_buf = sec->raw_data;
+	}
+
+	/* Finalize ELF layout */
+	if (elf_update(linker->elf, ELF_C_NULL) < 0) {
+		err = -errno;
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to finalize ELF layout");
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	/* Write out final ELF contents */
+	if (elf_update(linker->elf, ELF_C_WRITE) < 0) {
+		err = -errno;
+		pr_warn_elf("failed to write ELF contents");
+		return err;
+	}
+
+	elf_end(linker->elf);
+	close(linker->fd);
+
+	linker->elf = NULL;
+	linker->fd = -1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
-- 
2.30.2


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-03-18 19:41 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 20+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-03-18 19:40 [PATCH v4 bpf-next 00/12] BPF static linking Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 01/12] libbpf: expose btf_type_by_id() internally Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 02/12] libbpf: generalize BTF and BTF.ext type ID and strings iteration Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 03/12] libbpf: rename internal memory-management helpers Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 04/12] libbpf: extract internal set-of-strings datastructure APIs Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 05/12] libbpf: add generic BTF type shallow copy API Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` Andrii Nakryiko [this message]
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 07/12] libbpf: add BPF static linker BTF and BTF.ext support Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-19 16:23   ` Jiri Olsa
2021-03-19 18:39     ` Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-19 18:58       ` Jiri Olsa
2021-03-28 12:03         ` Jiri Olsa
2021-03-28 18:29           ` Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-29 11:16             ` Jiri Olsa
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 08/12] bpftool: add ability to specify custom skeleton object name Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 09/12] bpftool: add `gen object` command to perform BPF static linking Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 10/12] selftests/bpf: re-generate vmlinux.h and BPF skeletons if bpftool changed Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 11/12] selftests/bpf: pass all BPF .o's through BPF static linker Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 19:40 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 12/12] selftests/bpf: add multi-file statically linked BPF object file test Andrii Nakryiko
2021-03-18 23:29 ` [PATCH v4 bpf-next 00/12] BPF static linking Alexei Starovoitov

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