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From: "Toke Høiland-Jørgensen" <toke@redhat.com>
To: Hangbin Liu <liuhangbin@gmail.com>, bpf@vger.kernel.org
Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org, Jiri Benc <jbenc@redhat.com>,
	Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>,
	Eelco Chaudron <echaudro@redhat.com>,
	ast@kernel.org, Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	Lorenzo Bianconi <lorenzo.bianconi@redhat.com>,
	Hangbin Liu <liuhangbin@gmail.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCHv7 bpf-next 1/3] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support
Date: Tue, 14 Jul 2020 23:52:14 +0200
Message-ID: <87imepg3xt.fsf@toke.dk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200714063257.1694964-2-liuhangbin@gmail.com>

Hangbin Liu <liuhangbin@gmail.com> writes:

> This patch is for xdp multicast support. which has been discussed
> before[0], The goal is to be able to implement an OVS-like data plane in XDP,
> i.e., a software switch that can forward XDP frames to multiple ports.
>
> To achieve this, an application needs to specify a group of interfaces
> to forward a packet to. It is also common to want to exclude one or more
> physical interfaces from the forwarding operation - e.g., to forward a
> packet to all interfaces in the multicast group except the interface it
> arrived on. While this could be done simply by adding more groups, this
> quickly leads to a combinatorial explosion in the number of groups an
> application has to maintain.
>
> To avoid the combinatorial explosion, we propose to include the ability
> to specify an "exclude group" as part of the forwarding operation. This
> needs to be a group (instead of just a single port index), because there
> may have multi interfaces you want to exclude.
>
> Thus, the logical forwarding operation becomes a "set difference"
> operation, i.e. "forward to all ports in group A that are not also in
> group B". This series implements such an operation using device maps to
> represent the groups. This means that the XDP program specifies two
> device maps, one containing the list of netdevs to redirect to, and the
> other containing the exclude list.
>
> To achieve this, I re-implement a new helper bpf_redirect_map_multi()
> to accept two maps, the forwarding map and exclude map. The forwarding
> map could be DEVMAP or DEVMAP_HASH, but the exclude map *must* be
> DEVMAP_HASH to get better performace. If user don't want to use exclude
> map and just want simply stop redirecting back to ingress device, they
> can use flag BPF_F_EXCLUDE_INGRESS.
>
> As both bpf_xdp_redirect_map() and this new helpers are using struct
> bpf_redirect_info, I add a new ex_map and set tgt_value to NULL in the
> new helper to make a difference with bpf_xdp_redirect_map().
>
> Also I keep the the general data path in net/core/filter.c, the native data
> path in kernel/bpf/devmap.c so we can use direct calls to get better
> performace.
>
> [0] https://xdp-project.net/#Handling-multicast
>
> Signed-off-by: Hangbin Liu <liuhangbin@gmail.com>
>
> ---
> v7: Fix helper flag check
>     Limit the *ex_map* to use DEVMAP_HASH only and update function
>     dev_in_exclude_map() to get better performance.
>
> v6: converted helper return types from int to long
>
> v5:
> a) Check devmap_get_next_key() return value.
> b) Pass through flags to __bpf_tx_xdp_map() instead of bool value.
> c) In function dev_map_enqueue_multi(), consume xdpf for the last
>    obj instead of the first on.
> d) Update helper description and code comments to explain that we
>    use NULL target value to distinguish multicast and unicast
>    forwarding.
> e) Update memory model, memory id and frame_sz in xdpf_clone().
>
> v4: Fix bpf_xdp_redirect_map_multi_proto arg2_type typo
>
> v3: Based on Toke's suggestion, do the following update
> a) Update bpf_redirect_map_multi() description in bpf.h.
> b) Fix exclude_ifindex checking order in dev_in_exclude_map().
> c) Fix one more xdpf clone in dev_map_enqueue_multi().
> d) Go find next one in dev_map_enqueue_multi() if the interface is not
>    able to forward instead of abort the whole loop.
> e) Remove READ_ONCE/WRITE_ONCE for ex_map.
>
> v2: Add new syscall bpf_xdp_redirect_map_multi() which could accept
> include/exclude maps directly.
>
> ---
>  include/linux/bpf.h            |  20 +++++
>  include/linux/filter.h         |   1 +
>  include/net/xdp.h              |   1 +
>  include/uapi/linux/bpf.h       |  26 ++++++
>  kernel/bpf/devmap.c            | 140 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  kernel/bpf/verifier.c          |   6 ++
>  net/core/filter.c              | 111 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  net/core/xdp.c                 |  29 +++++++
>  tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h |  26 ++++++
>  9 files changed, 355 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
> index 0cd7f6884c5c..b48d587b8b3b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -1264,6 +1264,11 @@ int dev_xdp_enqueue(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  		    struct net_device *dev_rx);
>  int dev_map_enqueue(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  		    struct net_device *dev_rx);
> +bool dev_in_exclude_map(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *obj, struct bpf_map *map,
> +			int exclude_ifindex);
> +int dev_map_enqueue_multi(struct xdp_buff *xdp, struct net_device *dev_rx,
> +			  struct bpf_map *map, struct bpf_map *ex_map,
> +			  u32 flags);
>  int dev_map_generic_redirect(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst, struct sk_buff *skb,
>  			     struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog);
>  bool dev_map_can_have_prog(struct bpf_map *map);
> @@ -1406,6 +1411,21 @@ int dev_map_enqueue(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static inline
> +bool dev_in_exclude_map(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *obj, struct bpf_map *map,
> +			int exclude_ifindex)
> +{
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
> +static inline
> +int dev_map_enqueue_multi(struct xdp_buff *xdp, struct net_device *dev_rx,
> +			  struct bpf_map *map, struct bpf_map *ex_map,
> +			  u32 flags)
> +{
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  struct sk_buff;
>  
>  static inline int dev_map_generic_redirect(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst,
> diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
> index 259377723603..cf5b5b1d9ae5 100644
> --- a/include/linux/filter.h
> +++ b/include/linux/filter.h
> @@ -612,6 +612,7 @@ struct bpf_redirect_info {
>  	u32 tgt_index;
>  	void *tgt_value;
>  	struct bpf_map *map;
> +	struct bpf_map *ex_map;
>  	u32 kern_flags;
>  };
>  
> diff --git a/include/net/xdp.h b/include/net/xdp.h
> index 609f819ed08b..deb6c104e698 100644
> --- a/include/net/xdp.h
> +++ b/include/net/xdp.h
> @@ -110,6 +110,7 @@ void xdp_warn(const char *msg, const char *func, const int line);
>  #define XDP_WARN(msg) xdp_warn(msg, __func__, __LINE__)
>  
>  struct xdp_frame *xdp_convert_zc_to_xdp_frame(struct xdp_buff *xdp);
> +struct xdp_frame *xdpf_clone(struct xdp_frame *xdpf);
>  
>  static inline
>  void xdp_convert_frame_to_buff(struct xdp_frame *frame, struct xdp_buff *xdp)
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> index 548a749aebb3..ce0fb7c8bd5e 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -3319,6 +3319,26 @@ union bpf_attr {
>   *		A non-negative value equal to or less than *size* on success,
>   *		or a negative error in case of failure.
>   *
> + * long bpf_redirect_map_multi(struct bpf_map *map, struct bpf_map *ex_map, u64 flags)
> + * 	Description
> + * 		This is a multicast implementation for XDP redirect. It will
> + * 		redirect the packet to ALL the interfaces in *map*, but
> + * 		exclude the interfaces in *ex_map*.
> + *
> + * 		The frowarding *map* could be either BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP or
> + * 		BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH. But the *ex_map* must be
> + * 		BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH to get better performance.
> + *
> + * 		Currently the *flags* only supports *BPF_F_EXCLUDE_INGRESS*,
> + * 		which additionally excludes the current ingress device.
> + *
> + * 		See also bpf_redirect_map() as a unicast implementation,
> + * 		which supports redirecting packet to a specific ifindex
> + * 		in the map. As both helpers use struct bpf_redirect_info
> + * 		to store the redirect info, we will use a a NULL tgt_value
> + * 		to distinguish multicast and unicast redirecting.
> + * 	Return
> + * 		**XDP_REDIRECT** on success, or **XDP_ABORTED** on error.
>   */
>  #define __BPF_FUNC_MAPPER(FN)		\
>  	FN(unspec),			\
> @@ -3463,6 +3483,7 @@ union bpf_attr {
>  	FN(skc_to_tcp_request_sock),	\
>  	FN(skc_to_udp6_sock),		\
>  	FN(get_task_stack),		\
> +	FN(redirect_map_multi),		\
>  	/* */
>  
>  /* integer value in 'imm' field of BPF_CALL instruction selects which helper
> @@ -3624,6 +3645,11 @@ enum bpf_lwt_encap_mode {
>  	BPF_LWT_ENCAP_IP,
>  };
>  
> +/* BPF_FUNC_redirect_map_multi flags. */
> +enum {
> +	BPF_F_EXCLUDE_INGRESS		= (1ULL << 0),
> +};
> +
>  #define __bpf_md_ptr(type, name)	\
>  union {					\
>  	type name;			\
> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/devmap.c b/kernel/bpf/devmap.c
> index 10abb06065bb..bef81f869728 100644
> --- a/kernel/bpf/devmap.c
> +++ b/kernel/bpf/devmap.c
> @@ -512,6 +512,146 @@ int dev_map_enqueue(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  	return __xdp_enqueue(dev, xdp, dev_rx);
>  }
>  
> +/* Use direct call in fast path instead of map->ops->map_get_next_key() */
> +static int devmap_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *next_key)
> +{
> +
> +	switch (map->map_type) {
> +	case BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP:
> +		return dev_map_get_next_key(map, key, next_key);
> +	case BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH:
> +		return dev_map_hash_get_next_key(map, key, next_key);
> +	default:
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return -ENOENT;
> +}
> +
> +bool dev_in_exclude_map(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *obj, struct bpf_map *map,
> +			int exclude_ifindex)
> +{
> +	struct bpf_dtab *dtab = container_of(map, struct bpf_dtab, map);
> +	struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dev;
> +	struct hlist_head *head;
> +	int i = 0;
> +
> +	if (obj->dev->ifindex == exclude_ifindex)
> +		return true;
> +
> +	if (!map || map->map_type != BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH)
> +		return false;

The map type should probably be checked earlier and the whole operation
aborted if it is wrong...

> +
> +	for (; i < dtab->n_buckets; i++) {
> +		head = dev_map_index_hash(dtab, i);
> +
> +		dev = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),
> +					    struct bpf_dtab_netdev,
> +					    index_hlist);
> +
> +		if (dev && dev->idx == exclude_ifindex)
> +			return true;
> +	}

This looks broken; why are you iterating through the buckets? Shouldn't
this just be something like:

return __dev_map_hash_lookup_elem(map, obj->dev->ifindex) != NULL;

-Toke


  reply index

Thread overview: 127+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-15  8:54 [RFC PATCH bpf-next 0/2] xdp: add " Hangbin Liu
2020-04-15  8:54 ` [RFC PATCH bpf-next 1/2] " Hangbin Liu
2020-04-20  9:52   ` Hangbin Liu
2020-04-15  8:54 ` [RFC PATCH bpf-next 2/2] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-04-24  8:56 ` [RFC PATCHv2 bpf-next 0/2] xdp: add dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-04-24  8:56   ` [RFC PATCHv2 bpf-next 1/2] xdp: add a new helper for " Hangbin Liu
2020-04-24 14:19     ` Lorenzo Bianconi
2020-04-28 11:09       ` Eelco Chaudron
2020-05-06  9:35       ` Hangbin Liu
2020-04-24 14:34     ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-05-06  9:14       ` Hangbin Liu
2020-05-06 10:00         ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-05-08  8:53           ` Hangbin Liu
2020-05-08 14:58             ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-05-18  8:45       ` Hangbin Liu
2020-05-19 10:15         ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-05-20  1:24           ` Hangbin Liu
2020-04-24  8:56   ` [RFC PATCHv2 bpf-next 2/2] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-04-24 14:21     ` Lorenzo Bianconi
2020-05-23  6:05 ` [PATCHv3 bpf-next 0/2] xdp: add dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-05-23  6:05   ` [PATCHv3 bpf-next 1/2] xdp: add a new helper for " Hangbin Liu
2020-05-26  7:34     ` kbuild test robot
2020-05-23  6:05   ` [PATCHv3 bpf-next 2/2] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-05-26 14:05 ` [PATCHv4 bpf-next 0/2] xdp: add dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-05-26 14:05   ` [PATCHv4 bpf-next 1/2] xdp: add a new helper for " Hangbin Liu
2020-05-27 10:29     ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-10 10:18     ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-06-12  8:54       ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-16  8:55         ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-06-16 10:11           ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-16 14:38             ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-06-10 10:21     ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-06-10 10:29       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-16  9:04         ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-05-26 14:05   ` [PATCHv4 bpf-next 2/2] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-05-27 10:21   ` [PATCHv4 bpf-next 0/2] xdp: add dev map multicast support Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-05-27 10:32     ` Eelco Chaudron
2020-05-27 12:38     ` Hangbin Liu
2020-05-27 15:04       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-16  9:09         ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-06-16  9:47           ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-03  2:40     ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-03 11:05       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-04  4:09         ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-04  9:44           ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-04 12:12             ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-04 12:37               ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-04 14:41                 ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-04 16:02                   ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-05  6:26                     ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-08 15:32                       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-09  3:03                         ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-09 20:31                           ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-06-10  2:35                             ` Hangbin Liu
2020-06-10 10:03                               ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-07-01  4:19   ` [PATCHv5 bpf-next 0/3] xdp: add a new helper for " Hangbin Liu
2020-07-01  4:19     ` [PATCHv5 bpf-next 1/3] " Hangbin Liu
2020-07-01  5:09       ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-07-01  6:51         ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-01 18:33       ` kernel test robot
2020-07-01  4:19     ` [PATCHv5 bpf-next 2/3] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-07-01  4:19     ` [PATCHv5 bpf-next 3/3] selftests/bpf: add xdp_redirect_multi test Hangbin Liu
2020-07-09  1:30     ` [PATCHv6 bpf-next 0/3] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-07-09  1:30       ` [PATCHv6 bpf-next 1/3] " Hangbin Liu
2020-07-09 16:33         ` David Ahern
2020-07-10  6:55           ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-10 13:46             ` David Ahern
2020-07-11  0:26               ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-11 16:09                 ` David Ahern
2020-07-09  1:30       ` [PATCHv6 bpf-next 2/3] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-07-09 22:40         ` Daniel Borkmann
2020-07-10  6:41           ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-10 14:32             ` Daniel Borkmann
2020-07-11  0:21               ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-09  1:30       ` [PATCHv6 bpf-next 3/3] selftests/bpf: add xdp_redirect_multi test Hangbin Liu
2020-07-09 22:37       ` [PATCHv6 bpf-next 0/3] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Daniel Borkmann
2020-07-10  7:36         ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-10 15:02           ` Daniel Borkmann
2020-07-10 16:52             ` David Ahern
2020-07-14  6:32       ` [PATCHv7 " Hangbin Liu
2020-07-14  6:32         ` [PATCHv7 bpf-next 1/3] " Hangbin Liu
2020-07-14 21:52           ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen [this message]
2020-07-15 12:25             ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-14  6:32         ` [PATCHv7 bpf-next 2/3] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-07-14  6:32         ` [PATCHv7 bpf-next 3/3] selftests/bpf: add xdp_redirect_multi test Hangbin Liu
2020-07-14 12:29         ` [PATCHv7 bpf-next 0/3] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-07-14 17:12           ` David Ahern
2020-07-14 21:53             ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-07-15 12:31               ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-15  3:45             ` Hangbin Liu
2020-07-15 13:08         ` [PATCHv8 " Hangbin Liu
2020-07-15 13:08           ` [PATCHv8 bpf-next 1/3] " Hangbin Liu
2020-07-15 13:08           ` [PATCHv8 bpf-next 2/3] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-07-15 13:08           ` [PATCHv8 bpf-next 3/3] selftests/bpf: add xdp_redirect_multi test Hangbin Liu
2020-08-26 13:19           ` [PATCHv9 bpf-next 0/5] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-08-26 13:19             ` [PATCHv9 bpf-next 1/5] bpf: add a new bpf argument type ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR_OR_NULL Hangbin Liu
2020-08-28 21:56               ` Daniel Borkmann
2020-09-03  9:15                 ` Hangbin Liu
2020-08-26 13:19             ` [PATCHv9 bpf-next 2/5] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-08-28 22:05               ` Daniel Borkmann
2020-08-26 13:20             ` [PATCHv9 bpf-next 3/5] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-08-26 13:20             ` [PATCHv9 bpf-next 4/5] selftests/bpf: add xdp_redirect_multi test Hangbin Liu
2020-08-26 13:20             ` [PATCHv9 bpf-next 5/5] selftests/bpf: Add verifier tests for bpf arg ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR_OR_NULL Hangbin Liu
2020-09-03 10:26             ` [PATCHv10 bpf-next 0/5] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-09-03 10:26               ` [PATCHv10 bpf-next 1/5] bpf: add a new bpf argument type ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR_OR_NULL Hangbin Liu
2020-09-04 14:26                 ` Daniel Borkmann
2020-09-03 10:26               ` [PATCHv10 bpf-next 2/5] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-09-04 14:22                 ` Daniel Borkmann
2020-09-03 10:26               ` [PATCHv10 bpf-next 3/5] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-09-03 10:27               ` [PATCHv10 bpf-next 4/5] selftests/bpf: add xdp_redirect_multi test Hangbin Liu
2020-09-03 10:27               ` [PATCHv10 bpf-next 5/5] selftests/bpf: Add verifier tests for bpf arg ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR_OR_NULL Hangbin Liu
2020-09-07  8:27               ` [PATCHv11 bpf-next 0/5] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-09-07  8:27                 ` [PATCHv11 bpf-next 1/5] bpf: add a new bpf argument type ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR_OR_NULL Hangbin Liu
2020-09-07  8:27                 ` [PATCHv11 bpf-next 2/5] xdp: add a new helper for dev map multicast support Hangbin Liu
2020-09-09 21:52                   ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-09-10  2:35                     ` Hangbin Liu
2020-09-10  3:30                       ` David Ahern
2020-09-10  5:35                         ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-09-10  9:44                           ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2020-09-10 15:39                             ` Alexei Starovoitov
2020-09-10 17:50                             ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-09-10 18:35                               ` David Ahern
2020-09-11  7:58                                 ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2020-09-15 16:12                                   ` David Ahern
2020-09-07  8:27                 ` [PATCHv11 bpf-next 3/5] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test Hangbin Liu
2020-09-07  8:27                 ` [PATCHv11 bpf-next 4/5] selftests/bpf: add xdp_redirect_multi test Hangbin Liu
2020-09-07  8:27                 ` [PATCHv11 bpf-next 5/5] selftests/bpf: Add verifier tests for bpf arg ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR_OR_NULL Hangbin Liu

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BPF Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/0 bpf/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 bpf bpf/ https://lore.kernel.org/bpf \
		bpf@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index bpf

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.bpf


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git