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From: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@gmail.com>
To: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	x86@kernel.org, Networking <netdev@vger.kernel.org>,
	bpf <bpf@vger.kernel.org>, Kernel Team <kernel-team@fb.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 bpf-next 15/18] bpf: Support attaching tracing BPF program to other BPF programs
Date: Sat, 9 Nov 2019 23:17:37 -0800
Message-ID: <CAEf4BzZAEqv4kJy133PAMt81xaDBTcYDqNHSJP81X+2AitHpOQ@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191108064039.2041889-16-ast@kernel.org>

On Thu, Nov 7, 2019 at 10:41 PM Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> Allow FENTRY/FEXIT BPF programs to attach to other BPF programs of any type
> including their subprograms. This feature allows snooping on input and output
> packets in XDP, TC programs including their return values. In order to do that
> the verifier needs to track types not only of vmlinux, but types of other BPF
> programs as well. The verifier also needs to translate uapi/linux/bpf.h types
> used by networking programs into kernel internal BTF types used by FENTRY/FEXIT
> BPF programs. In some cases LLVM optimizations can remove arguments from BPF
> subprograms without adjusting BTF info that LLVM backend knows. When BTF info
> disagrees with actual types that the verifiers sees the BPF trampoline has to
> fallback to conservative and treat all arguments as u64. The FENTRY/FEXIT
> program can still attach to such subprograms, but won't be able to recognize
> pointer types like 'struct sk_buff *' into won't be able to pass them to
> bpf_skb_output() for dumping to user space.
>
> The BPF_PROG_LOAD command is extended with attach_prog_fd field. When it's set
> to zero the attach_btf_id is one vmlinux BTF type ids. When attach_prog_fd
> points to previously loaded BPF program the attach_btf_id is BTF type id of
> main function or one of its subprograms.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
> ---
>  arch/x86/net/bpf_jit_comp.c |  3 +-
>  include/linux/bpf.h         |  2 +
>  include/linux/btf.h         |  1 +
>  include/uapi/linux/bpf.h    |  1 +
>  kernel/bpf/btf.c            | 58 +++++++++++++++++++---
>  kernel/bpf/core.c           |  2 +
>  kernel/bpf/syscall.c        | 19 +++++--
>  kernel/bpf/verifier.c       | 98 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
>  kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c    |  2 -
>  9 files changed, 151 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)
>

[...]

> +
> +static bool btf_translate_to_vmlinux(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
> +                                    struct btf *btf,
> +                                    const struct btf_type *t,
> +                                    struct bpf_insn_access_aux *info)
> +{
> +       const char *tname = __btf_name_by_offset(btf, t->name_off);
> +       int btf_id;
> +
> +       if (!tname) {
> +               bpf_log(log, "Program's type doesn't have a name\n");
> +               return false;
> +       }
> +       if (strcmp(tname, "__sk_buff") == 0) {

might be a good idea to ensure that t's type is also a struct?

> +               btf_id = btf_resolve_helper_id(log, &bpf_skb_output_proto, 0);

This is kind of ugly and high-maintenance. Have you considered having
something like this, to do this mapping:

struct bpf_ctx_mapping {
    struct sk_buff *__sk_buff;
    struct xdp_buff *xdp_md;
};

So field name is a name you are trying to match, while field type is
actual type you are mapping to? You won't need to find special
function protos (like bpf_skb_output_proto), it will be easy to
extend, you'll have real vmlinux types automatically captured for you
(you'll just have to initially find bpf_ctx_mapping's btf_id).


> +               if (btf_id < 0)
> +                       return false;
> +               info->btf_id = btf_id;
> +               return true;
> +       }
> +       return false;
> +}
>

[...]

> +               if (tgt_prog && conservative) {
> +                       struct btf_func_model *m = &tr->func.model;
> +
> +                       /* BTF function prototype doesn't match the verifier types.
> +                        * Fall back to 5 u64 args.
> +                        */
> +                       for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
> +                               m->arg_size[i] = 8;
> +                       m->ret_size = 8;
> +                       m->nr_args = 5;
> +                       prog->aux->attach_func_proto = NULL;
> +               } else {
> +                       ret = btf_distill_func_proto(&env->log, btf, t,
> +                                                    tname, &tr->func.model);

there is nothing preventing some parallel thread to modify
tr->func.model in parallel, right? Should these modifications be
either locked or at least WRITE_ONCE, similar to
btf_resolve_helper_id?


> +                       if (ret < 0)
> +                               goto out;
> +               }

[...]

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 67+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-08  6:40 [PATCH v3 bpf-next 00/18] Introduce BPF trampoline Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 01/18] bpf: refactor x86 JIT into helpers Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 19:27   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 02/18] bpf: Add bpf_arch_text_poke() helper Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  6:56   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08  8:23   ` Björn Töpel
2019-11-08 14:09     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  9:11   ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-08  9:36     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-08 13:41       ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 19:32         ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 21:36           ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-08 21:39             ` David Miller
2019-11-11  8:14               ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-11-11 10:21                 ` Daniel Borkmann
2019-11-11 16:10                 ` Jonathan Corbet
2019-11-08 23:05             ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-10 10:54               ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 03/18] bpf: Introduce BPF trampoline Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  7:04   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 04/18] libbpf: Introduce btf__find_by_name_kind() Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  7:05   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 19:21   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 05/18] libbpf: Add support to attach to fentry/fexit tracing progs Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  7:12   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 19:44   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 06/18] selftest/bpf: Simple test for fentry/fexit Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 07/18] bpf: Add kernel test functions for fentry testing Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 08/18] selftests/bpf: Add test for BPF trampoline Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 09/18] selftests/bpf: Add fexit tests " Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 10/18] selftests/bpf: Add combined fentry/fexit test Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  7:14   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 11/18] selftests/bpf: Add stress test for maximum number of progs Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  7:24   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 12/18] bpf: Reserve space for BPF trampoline in BPF programs Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  7:25   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 13/18] bpf: Fix race in btf_resolve_helper_id() Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  7:32   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 19:58   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 14/18] bpf: Compare BTF types of functions arguments with actual types Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 17:28   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 17:32     ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 17:57       ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 17:59         ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 23:46   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 15/18] bpf: Support attaching tracing BPF program to other BPF programs Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 18:49   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 18:59     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 20:17   ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2019-11-08 21:14     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 21:32       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2019-11-10  7:17   ` Andrii Nakryiko [this message]
2019-11-11 23:04     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-12  4:38       ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-12  4:47         ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 16/18] libbpf: Add support for attaching BPF programs " Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 18:57   ` Song Liu
2019-11-08 19:13     ` Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 19:14       ` Song Liu
2019-11-10 16:56   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 17/18] selftests/bpf: Extend test_pkt_access test Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 19:03   ` Song Liu
2019-11-10 16:58   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-08  6:40 ` [PATCH v3 bpf-next 18/18] selftests/bpf: Add a test for attaching BPF prog to another BPF prog and subprog Alexei Starovoitov
2019-11-08 19:13   ` Song Liu
2019-11-10 17:04   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2019-11-11 23:07     ` Alexei Starovoitov

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