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* [PATCH] bpf: queue_stack_maps: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member
@ 2020-02-13 15:24 Gustavo A. R. Silva
  2020-02-13 17:47 ` Andrii Nakryiko
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Gustavo A. R. Silva @ 2020-02-13 15:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexei Starovoitov, Daniel Borkmann, Martin KaFai Lau, Song Liu,
	Yonghong Song, Andrii Nakryiko
  Cc: netdev, bpf, linux-kernel, Gustavo A. R. Silva

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
---
 kernel/bpf/queue_stack_maps.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/queue_stack_maps.c b/kernel/bpf/queue_stack_maps.c
index f697647ceb54..30e1373fd437 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/queue_stack_maps.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/queue_stack_maps.c
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ struct bpf_queue_stack {
 	u32 head, tail;
 	u32 size; /* max_entries + 1 */
 
-	char elements[0] __aligned(8);
+	char elements[] __aligned(8);
 };
 
 static struct bpf_queue_stack *bpf_queue_stack(struct bpf_map *map)
-- 
2.25.0


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2020-02-13 15:24 [PATCH] bpf: queue_stack_maps: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member Gustavo A. R. Silva
2020-02-13 17:47 ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-02-18 14:53   ` Daniel Borkmann

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