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From: Magnus Karlsson <magnus.karlsson@gmail.com>
To: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
Cc: "Maciej Fijalkowski" <maciej.fijalkowski@intel.com>,
	"Maxim Mikityanskiy" <maximmi@nvidia.com>,
	"Björn Töpel" <bjorn.topel@gmail.com>,
	"Alexei Starovoitov" <ast@kernel.org>,
	"Daniel Borkmann" <daniel@iogearbox.net>,
	"Network Development" <netdev@vger.kernel.org>,
	bpf <bpf@vger.kernel.org>, "Björn Töpel" <bjorn.topel@intel.com>,
	"Karlsson, Magnus" <magnus.karlsson@intel.com>,
	"Jakub Kicinski" <kuba@kernel.org>,
	"Jonathan Lemon" <jonathan.lemon@gmail.com>,
	"David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	"John Fastabend" <john.fastabend@gmail.com>,
	"Ciara Loftus" <ciara.loftus@intel.com>,
	"Weqaar Janjua" <weqaar.a.janjua@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next v2 0/8] Introduce bpf_redirect_xsk() helper
Date: Fri, 22 Jan 2021 09:59:53 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <CAJ8uoz2JJpd9aqhp84noA-_TspR4=sJeE2bRWYoXUKKuB2ty+Q@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210121180134.51070b74@carbon>

On Thu, Jan 21, 2021 at 6:07 PM Jesper Dangaard Brouer
<brouer@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> On Wed, 20 Jan 2021 17:19:31 +0100
> Maciej Fijalkowski <maciej.fijalkowski@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > On Wed, Jan 20, 2021 at 04:57:08PM +0100, Jesper Dangaard Brouer wrote:
> > > On Wed, 20 Jan 2021 15:15:22 +0200
> > > Maxim Mikityanskiy <maximmi@nvidia.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > On 2021-01-19 17:50, Björn Töpel wrote:
> > > > > This series extends bind() for XDP sockets, so that the bound socket
> > > > > is added to the netdev_rx_queue _rx array in the netdevice. We call
> > > > > this to register the socket. To redirect packets to the registered
> > > > > socket, a new BPF helper is used: bpf_redirect_xsk().
> > > > >
> > > > > For shared XDP sockets, only the first bound socket is
> > > > > registered. Users that need more complex setup has to use XSKMAP and
> > > > > bpf_redirect_map().
> > > > >
> > > > > Now, why would one use bpf_redirect_xsk() over the regular
> > > > > bpf_redirect_map() helper?
> > > > >
> > > > > * Better performance!
> > > > > * Convenience; Most user use one socket per queue. This scenario is
> > > > >    what registered sockets support. There is no need to create an
> > > > >    XSKMAP. This can also reduce complexity from containerized setups,
> > > > >    where users might what to use XDP sockets without CAP_SYS_ADMIN
> > > > >    capabilities.
> > >
> > > I'm buying into the convenience and reduce complexity, and XDP sockets
> > > without CAP_SYS_ADMIN into containers.
> > >
> > > People might be surprised that I'm actually NOT buying into the better
> > > performance argument here.  At these speeds we are basically comparing
> > > how close we are to zero (and have to use nanosec time scale for our
> > > comparisons), more below.
> > >
> > >
> > > > > The first patch restructures xdp_do_redirect() a bit, to make it
> > > > > easier to add the new helper. This restructure also give us a slight
> > > > > performance benefit. The following three patches extends bind() and
> > > > > adds the new helper. After that, two libbpf patches that selects XDP
> > > > > program based on what kernel is running. Finally, selftests for the new
> > > > > functionality is added.
> > > > >
> > > > > Note that the libbpf "auto-selection" is based on kernel version, so
> > > > > it is hard coded to the "-next" version (5.12). If you would like to
> > > > > try this is out, you will need to change the libbpf patch locally!
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks to Maciej and Magnus for the internal review/comments!
> > > > >
> > > > > Performance (rxdrop, zero-copy)
> > > > >
> > > > > Baseline
> > > > > Two cores:                   21.3 Mpps
> > > > > One core:                    24.5 Mpps
> > > >
> > > > Two cores is slower? It used to be faster all the time, didn't it?
> > > >
> > > > > Patched
> > > > > Two cores, bpf_redirect_map: 21.7 Mpps + 2%
> > > > > One core, bpf_redirect_map:  24.9 Mpps + 2%
> > > > >
> > > > > Two cores, bpf_redirect_xsk: 24.0 Mpps +13%
> > > >
> > > > Nice, impressive improvement!
> > >
> > > I do appreciate you work and performance optimizations at this level,
> > > because when we are using this few CPU cycles per packet, then it is
> > > really hard to find new ways to reduce cycles further.
> > >
> > > Thank for you saying +13% instead of saying +2.7 Mpps.
> > > It *is* impressive to basically reduce cycles with 13%.
> > >
> > >  21.3 Mpps = 46.94 nanosec per packet
> > >  24.0 Mpps = 41.66 nanosec per packet
> > >
> > >  21.3 Mpps -> 24.0 Mpps = 5.28 nanosec saved
> > >
> > > On my 3.60GHz testlab machine that gives me 19 cycles.
> > >
> > >
> > > > > One core, bpf_redirect_xsk:  25.5 Mpps + 4%
> > > > >
> > >
> > >  24.5 Mpps -> 25.5 Mpps = 1.6 nanosec saved
> > >
> > > At this point with saving 1.6 ns this is around the cost of a function call 1.3 ns.
> > >
> > >
> > > We still need these optimization in the kernel, but end-users in
> > > userspace are very quickly going to waste the 19 cycles we found.
> > > I still support/believe that the OS need to have a little overhead as
> > > possible, but for me 42 nanosec overhead is close to zero overhead. For
> > > comparison, I just ran a udp_sink[3] test, and it "cost" 625 ns for
> > > delivery of UDP packets into socket (almost 15 times slower).
> > >
> > > I guess my point is that with XDP we have already achieved and exceeded
> > > (my original) performance goals, making it even faster is just showing off ;-P
> >
> > Even though I'll let Bjorn elaborating on this, we're talking here about
> > AF-XDP which is a bit different pair of shoes to me in terms of
> > performance. AFAIK we still have a gap when compared to DPDK's numbers. So
>
> AFAIK the gap on this i40e hardware is DPDK=36Mpps, and lets say
> AF_XDP=25.5 Mpps, that looks large +10.5Mpps, but it is only 11.4
> nanosec.
>
> > I'm really not sure why better performance bothers you? :)
>
> Finding those 11.4 nanosec is going to be really difficult and take a
> huge effort. My fear is also that some of these optimizations will make
> the code harder to maintain and understand.
>
> If you are ready to do this huge effort, then I'm actually ready to
> provide ideas on what you can optimize.
>
> E.g. you can get 2-4 nanosec if we prefetch to L2 in driver (assuming
> data is DDIO in L3 already).  (CPU supports L2 prefetch, but kernel
> have no users of that feature).

In my experience, I would caution starting to use L2 prefetch at this
point since it is somewhat finicky. It is possible to get better
performance using it on one platform, but significantly harder to get
it to work also on a three year older one, not to mention other
platforms and architectures.

Instead, I would start with optimizations that always work such as not
having to execute code (or removing code) that is not necessary for
the functionality that is provided. One example of this is having to
execute all the bpf_redirect code when we are using packet steering in
HW to AF_XDP sockets and other potential consumers. In this scenario,
the core bpf_redirect code (xdp_do_redirect + bpf_xdp_redirect_map +
__xsk_map_redirect for the XSKMAP case) provides no value and amounts
to 19% of the total execution time on my machine (application plus
kernel, and the XDP program itself is another 7% on top of the 19%).
By removing this, you could cut down a large chunk of those 11.4 ns we
would need to find in our optimization work. Just to be clear, there
are plenty of other scenarios where the bpf_redirect functionality
provides great value, so it is really good to have. I just think it is
weird that it has to be executed all the time even when it is not
needed. The big question is just how to achieve this in an
architecturally sound way. Any ideas?

Just note that there are plenty that could be done in other areas too.
For example, the Rx part of the driver is around 22% of the execution
time and I am sure we can optimize this part too and increase the
readability and maintainability of the code at the same time. But not
trim it down to 0% as some of this is actually necessary work in all
cases where traffic is received :-). xp_alloc is another big time
consumer of cycles, but for this one I do have a patch set that cuts
it down from 21% to 8% that I plan on submitting in February.

perf top data:
21.58%  [ice]                      [k] ice_clean_rx_irq_zc
21.21%  [kernel]                   [k] xp_alloc
13.93%  [kernel]                   [k] __xsk_rcv_zc
8.53%  [kernel]                   [k] xdp_do_redirect
8.15%  [kernel]                   [k] xsk_rcv
6.66%  [kernel]                   [k] bpf_xdp_redirect_map
5.08%  bpf_prog_992d9ddc835e5629  [k] bpf_prog_992d9ddc835e5629
3.73%  [ice]                      [k] ice_alloc_rx_bufs_zc
3.36%  [kernel]                   [k] __xsk_map_redirect
2.62%  xdpsock                    [.] main
0.96%  [kernel]                   [k] rcu_read_unlock_strict
0.90%  bpf_dispatcher_xdp         [k] bpf_dispatcher_xdp
0.87%  [kernel]                   [k] bpf_dispatcher_xdp_func
0.51%  [kernel]                   [k] xsk_flush
0.38%  [kernel]                   [k] lapic_next_deadline
0.13%  [ice]                      [k] ice_napi_poll

> The base design of XDP redirect API, that have a number of function
> calls per packet, in itself becomes a limiting factor.  Even the cost
> of getting the per-CPU pointer to bpf_redirect_info becomes something
> to look at.
>
>
> > Let's rather be more harsh on changes that actually decrease the
> > performance, not the other way around. And I suppose you were the one that
> > always was bringing up the 'death by a 1000 paper cuts' of XDP. So yeah,
> > I'm a bit confused with your statement.
>
> Yes, we really need to protect the existing the performance.
>
> I think I'm mostly demotivated by the 'death by a 1000 paper cuts'.
> People with good intentions are adding features, and performance slowly
> disappears.  I've been spending weeks/months finding nanosec level
> improvements, which I don't have time to "defend". Recently I realized
> that the 2nd XDP prog on egress, even when no prog is attached, is
> slowing down the performance of base redirect (I don't fully understand
> why, maybe it is simply the I-cache increase, I didn't realize when
> reviewing the code).
>
> --
> Best regards,
>   Jesper Dangaard Brouer
>   MSc.CS, Principal Kernel Engineer at Red Hat
>   LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/brouer
>

  reply	other threads:[~2021-01-22  9:01 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 45+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-19 15:50 Björn Töpel
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 1/8] xdp: restructure redirect actions Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 12:44   ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 13:40     ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 14:52       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 15:49         ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 16:30           ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 17:26             ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 2/8] xsk: remove explicit_free parameter from __xsk_rcv() Björn Töpel
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 3/8] xsk: fold xp_assign_dev and __xp_assign_dev Björn Töpel
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 4/8] xsk: register XDP sockets at bind(), and add new AF_XDP BPF helper Björn Töpel
2021-01-20  8:25   ` kernel test robot
2021-01-20  8:41     ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20  8:50   ` kernel test robot
2021-01-20 12:50   ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 13:25     ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 14:54       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 15:18         ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 17:29           ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 18:22             ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 20:26               ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 21:15                 ` Alexei Starovoitov
2021-01-21  8:18                   ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 5/8] libbpf, xsk: select AF_XDP BPF program based on kernel version Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 12:52   ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 13:25     ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 14:49       ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 15:11         ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 15:27           ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 17:30             ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-20 18:25             ` Alexei Starovoitov
2021-01-20 18:30               ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 14:56       ` Toke Høiland-Jørgensen
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 6/8] libbpf, xsk: select bpf_redirect_xsk(), if supported Björn Töpel
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 7/8] selftest/bpf: add XDP socket tests for bpf_redirect_{xsk, map}() Björn Töpel
2021-01-21  7:39   ` Andrii Nakryiko
2021-01-21 12:31     ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-19 15:50 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 8/8] selftest/bpf: remove a lot of ifobject casting in xdpxceiver Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 13:15 ` [PATCH bpf-next v2 0/8] Introduce bpf_redirect_xsk() helper Maxim Mikityanskiy
2021-01-20 13:27   ` Björn Töpel
2021-01-20 15:57   ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2021-01-20 16:19     ` Maciej Fijalkowski
2021-01-21 17:01       ` Jesper Dangaard Brouer
2021-01-22  8:59         ` Magnus Karlsson [this message]
2021-01-22  9:45           ` Maciej Fijalkowski

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