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* [Cocci] [RFC PATCH] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script
@ 2020-08-06 22:03 Denis Efremov
  2020-08-07 16:18 ` Gustavo A. R. Silva
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Denis Efremov @ 2020-08-06 22:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Julia Lawall; +Cc: Kees Cook, Gustavo A . R . Silva, cocci, linux-kernel

Commit 68e4cd17e218 ("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and one-element
arrays") marks one-element and zero-length arrays as deprecated. Kernel
code should always use "flexible array members" instead.

The script warns about one-element and zero-length arrays in structs.

Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
---

Currently, it's just a draft. I've placed a number of questions in the
script and marked them as TODO. Kees, Gustavo, if you could help me with
my questions I think that this rule will be enough to close:
https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/76

BTW, I it's possible to not warn about files in uapi folder if
this is relevant. Do I need to do it in the script?

 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci | 158 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 158 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci

diff --git a/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1e7165c79e60
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
@@ -0,0 +1,158 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+///
+/// Zero-length and one-element arrays are deprecated, see
+/// Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
+/// Flexible-array members should be used instead.
+///
+//
+// Confidence: High
+// Copyright: (C) 2020 Denis Efremov ISPRAS.
+// Comments:
+// Options: --no-includes --include-headers
+
+virtual context
+virtual report
+virtual org
+virtual patch
+
+@r depends on !patch@
+identifier name, size, array;
+// TODO: We can additionally restrict size and array to:
+// identifier size =~ ".*(num|len|count|size|ncpus).*";
+// identifier array !~ ".*(pad|reserved).*";
+// Do we need it?
+type TS, TA;
+position p;
+@@
+
+(
+  // This will also match: typedef struct name { ...
+  // However nested structs are not matched, i.e.:
+  //   struct name1 { struct name2 { int s; int a[0]; } st; int i; }
+  // will not be matched. Do we need to handle it?
+  struct name {
+    ...      // TODO: Maybe simple ... is enough? It will match structs with a
+    TS size; // single field, e.g.
+    ...      // https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/arch/arm/include/uapi/asm/setup.h#L127
+(
+*    TA array@p[0];
+|
+     // TODO: It seems that there are exception cases for array[1], e.g.
+     //  https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/arch/powerpc/boot/rs6000.h#L152
+     //  https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/include/uapi/linux/cdrom.h#L292
+     //  https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath6kl/usb.c#L108
+     // We could either drop array[1] checking from this rule or
+     // restrict array name with regexp and add, for example, an "allowlist"
+     // with struct names where we allow this code pattern.
+     // TODO: How to handle: u8 data[1][MAXLEN_PSTR6]; ?
+*    TA array@p[1];
+)
+  };
+|
+  struct {
+    ...
+    TS size;
+    ...
+(
+*    TA array@p[0];
+|
+*    TA array@p[1];
+)
+  };
+|
+  // TODO: do we need to handle unions?
+  union name {
+    ...
+    TS size;
+    ...
+(
+*    TA array@p[0];
+|
+*    TA array@p[1];
+)
+  };
+|
+  union {
+    ...
+    TS size;
+    ...
+(
+*    TA array@p[0];
+|
+*    TA array@p[1];
+)
+  };
+)
+
+// FIXME: Patch mode doesn't work as expected.
+// Coccinelle handles formatting incorrectly.
+// Patch mode in this rule should be disabled until
+// proper formatting will be supported.
+@depends on patch exists@
+identifier name, size, array;
+type TS, TA;
+@@
+
+(
+  struct name {
+    ...
+    TS size;
+    ...
+(
+-    TA array[0];
+|
+-    TA array[1];
+)
++    TA array[];
+  };
+|
+  struct {
+    ...
+    TS size;
+    ...
+(
+-    TA array[0];
+|
+-    TA array[1];
+)
++    TA array[];
+  };
+|
+  union name {
+    ...
+    TS size;
+    ...
+(
+-    TA array[0];
+|
+-    TA array[1];
+)
++    TA array[];
+  };
+|
+  union {
+    ...
+    TS size;
+    ...
+(
+-    TA array[0];
+|
+-    TA array[1];
+)
++    TA array[];
+  };
+)
+
+@script: python depends on report@
+p << r.p;
+@@
+
+msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
+coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], msg)
+
+@script: python depends on org@
+p << r.p;
+@@
+
+msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
+coccilib.org.print_todo(p, msg)
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
Cocci mailing list
Cocci@systeme.lip6.fr
https://systeme.lip6.fr/mailman/listinfo/cocci

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [Cocci] [RFC PATCH] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script
  2020-08-06 22:03 [Cocci] [RFC PATCH] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script Denis Efremov
@ 2020-08-07 16:18 ` Gustavo A. R. Silva
  2020-08-09 21:26 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v2] " Denis Efremov
  2020-09-21 17:49 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v3] " Denis Efremov
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Gustavo A. R. Silva @ 2020-08-07 16:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Denis Efremov, Julia Lawall
  Cc: Gustavo A . R . Silva, cocci, Kees Cook, linux-kernel

Hi Denis,

Thanks a lot for working on this. Please, see some comments below...

On 8/6/20 17:03, Denis Efremov wrote:
> Commit 68e4cd17e218 ("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and one-element
> arrays") marks one-element and zero-length arrays as deprecated. Kernel
> code should always use "flexible array members" instead.
> 
> The script warns about one-element and zero-length arrays in structs.
> 
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
> ---
> 
> Currently, it's just a draft. I've placed a number of questions in the
> script and marked them as TODO. Kees, Gustavo, if you could help me with
> my questions I think that this rule will be enough to close:
> https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/76
> 
> BTW, I it's possible to not warn about files in uapi folder if
> this is relevant. Do I need to do it in the script?
> 

I think the script should warn about new additions of zero-length/one-element
arrays in UAPI.

>  scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci | 158 +++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 158 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
> 
> diff --git a/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..1e7165c79e60
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
> @@ -0,0 +1,158 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +///
> +/// Zero-length and one-element arrays are deprecated, see
> +/// Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
> +/// Flexible-array members should be used instead.
> +///
> +//
> +// Confidence: High
> +// Copyright: (C) 2020 Denis Efremov ISPRAS.
> +// Comments:
> +// Options: --no-includes --include-headers
> +
> +virtual context
> +virtual report
> +virtual org
> +virtual patch
> +
> +@r depends on !patch@
> +identifier name, size, array;
> +// TODO: We can additionally restrict size and array to:
> +// identifier size =~ ".*(num|len|count|size|ncpus).*";
> +// identifier array !~ ".*(pad|reserved).*";
> +// Do we need it?
> +type TS, TA;
> +position p;
> +@@
> +
> +(
> +  // This will also match: typedef struct name { ...
> +  // However nested structs are not matched, i.e.:
> +  //   struct name1 { struct name2 { int s; int a[0]; } st; int i; }
> +  // will not be matched. Do we need to handle it?

It's fine. I think this would be a different script. One that
exclusively look for all three: zero-length, one-element arrays
and flexible array members in nested structures because
"A structure containing a flexible array member, or a union
containing such a structure (possibly recursively), may not be
a member of a structure or an element of an array. (However
these uses are permitted by GCC as extensions.)"[1]

> +  struct name {
> +    ...      // TODO: Maybe simple ... is enough? It will match structs with a

Yep; simple is always better at first. :)

> +    TS size; // single field, e.g.
> +    ...      // https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/arch/arm/include/uapi/asm/setup.h#L127
> +(
> +*    TA array@p[0];
> +|
> +     // TODO: It seems that there are exception cases for array[1], e.g.
> +     //  https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/arch/powerpc/boot/rs6000.h#L152
> +     //  https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/include/uapi/linux/cdrom.h#L292
> +     //  https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.8/source/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath6kl/usb.c#L108
> +     // We could either drop array[1] checking from this rule or
> +     // restrict array name with regexp and add, for example, an "allowlist"
> +     // with struct names where we allow this code pattern.
> +     // TODO: How to handle: u8 data[1][MAXLEN_PSTR6]; ?
> +*    TA array@p[1];
> +)
> +  };
> +|
> +  struct {
> +    ...
> +    TS size;
> +    ...
> +(
> +*    TA array@p[0];
> +|
> +*    TA array@p[1];
> +)
> +  };
> +|
> +  // TODO: do we need to handle unions?

Yep; we should warn about this in unions, too.

However, I think unions cannot have members with
incomplete type, so we should not suggest the use
of flexible-array members in unions, because
flexible arrays have incomplete type.

> +  union name {
> +    ...
> +    TS size;
> +    ...
> +(
> +*    TA array@p[0];
> +|
> +*    TA array@p[1];
> +)
> +  };
> +|
> +  union {
> +    ...
> +    TS size;
> +    ...
> +(
> +*    TA array@p[0];
> +|
> +*    TA array@p[1];
> +)
> +  };
> +)
> +
> +// FIXME: Patch mode doesn't work as expected.
> +// Coccinelle handles formatting incorrectly.
> +// Patch mode in this rule should be disabled until
> +// proper formatting will be supported.
> +@depends on patch exists@
> +identifier name, size, array;
> +type TS, TA;
> +@@
> +
> +(
> +  struct name {
> +    ...
> +    TS size;
> +    ...
> +(
> +-    TA array[0];
> +|
> +-    TA array[1];
> +)
> ++    TA array[];
> +  };
> +|
> +  struct {
> +    ...
> +    TS size;
> +    ...
> +(
> +-    TA array[0];
> +|
> +-    TA array[1];
> +)
> ++    TA array[];
> +  };
> +|
> +  union name {
> +    ...
> +    TS size;
> +    ...
> +(
> +-    TA array[0];
> +|
> +-    TA array[1];
> +)
> ++    TA array[];
> +  };
> +|
> +  union {
> +    ...
> +    TS size;
> +    ...
> +(
> +-    TA array[0];
> +|
> +-    TA array[1];
> +)
> ++    TA array[];

This is not allowed, neither is GCC[2] nor in Clang[3].

> +  };
> +)
> +
> +@script: python depends on report@
> +p << r.p;
> +@@
> +
> +msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
> +coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], msg)
> +
> +@script: python depends on org@
> +p << r.p;
> +@@
> +
> +msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
> +coccilib.org.print_todo(p, msg)
> 

I wonder if it might be worth it to also point people to
the documentation in deprecated.rst (commit 68e4cd17e218
("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and one-element arrays")),
once helpdesk generates the official documentation for 5.9-rc1.

Thanks
--
Gustavo

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://godbolt.org/z/Kajd7e
[3] https://godbolt.org/z/dvKMYb
_______________________________________________
Cocci mailing list
Cocci@systeme.lip6.fr
https://systeme.lip6.fr/mailman/listinfo/cocci

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [Cocci] [PATCH v2] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script
  2020-08-06 22:03 [Cocci] [RFC PATCH] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script Denis Efremov
  2020-08-07 16:18 ` Gustavo A. R. Silva
@ 2020-08-09 21:26 ` Denis Efremov
  2020-09-12 14:43   ` Julia Lawall
  2020-09-21 17:49 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v3] " Denis Efremov
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Denis Efremov @ 2020-08-09 21:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Julia Lawall; +Cc: Kees Cook, Gustavo A . R . Silva, cocci, linux-kernel

Commit 68e4cd17e218 ("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and one-element
arrays") marks one-element and zero-length arrays as deprecated. Kernel
code should always use "flexible array members" instead.

The script warns about one-element and zero-length arrays in structs.

Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
---
Changes in v2:
 - all uapi headers are now filtered-out. Unfortunately, coccinelle
   doesn't provide structure names in Location.current_element.
   For structures the field is always "something_else". Thus, there is
   no easy way to create a list of existing structures in uapi headers
   and suppress the warning only for them, but not for the newly added
   uapi structures.
 - The pattern doesn't require 2+ fields in a structure/union anymore.
   Now it also checks single field structures/unions.
 - The pattern simplified and now uses disjuction in array elements
   (Thanks, Markus)
 - Unions are removed from patch mode
 - one-element arrays are removed from patch mode. Correct patch may
   involve turning the array to a simple field instead of a flexible
   array.

On the current master branch, the rule generates:
 - context: https://gist.github.com/evdenis/e2b4323491f9eff35376372df07f723c
 - patch: https://gist.github.com/evdenis/46081da9d68ecefd07edc3769cebcf32

 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 88 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci

diff --git a/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bf6dcda1783e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+///
+/// Zero-length and one-element arrays are deprecated, see
+/// Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
+/// Flexible-array members should be used instead.
+///
+//
+// Confidence: High
+// Copyright: (C) 2020 Denis Efremov ISPRAS.
+// Comments:
+// Options: --no-includes --include-headers
+
+virtual context
+virtual report
+virtual org
+virtual patch
+
+@initialize:python@
+@@
+def relevant(positions):
+    for p in positions:
+        if "uapi" in p.file:
+             return False
+    return True
+
+@r depends on !patch@
+identifier name, array;
+type T;
+position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
+@@
+
+(
+  struct name {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+|
+  struct {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+|
+  union name {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+|
+  union {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+)
+
+@depends on patch exists@
+identifier name, array;
+type T;
+position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
+@@
+
+(
+  struct name {
+    ...
+    T array@p[
+-       0
+    ];
+  };
+|
+  struct {
+    ...
+    T array@p[
+-       0
+    ];
+  };
+)
+
+@script: python depends on report@
+p << r.p;
+@@
+
+msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
+coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], msg)
+
+@script: python depends on org@
+p << r.p;
+@@
+
+msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
+coccilib.org.print_todo(p, msg)
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
Cocci mailing list
Cocci@systeme.lip6.fr
https://systeme.lip6.fr/mailman/listinfo/cocci

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [Cocci] [PATCH v2] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script
  2020-08-09 21:26 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v2] " Denis Efremov
@ 2020-09-12 14:43   ` Julia Lawall
  2020-09-13  6:15     ` Denis Efremov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Julia Lawall @ 2020-09-12 14:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Denis Efremov; +Cc: Gustavo A . R . Silva, cocci, Kees Cook, linux-kernel



On Mon, 10 Aug 2020, Denis Efremov wrote:

> Commit 68e4cd17e218 ("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and one-element
> arrays") marks one-element and zero-length arrays as deprecated. Kernel
> code should always use "flexible array members" instead.
>
> The script warns about one-element and zero-length arrays in structs.
>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
> ---
> Changes in v2:
>  - all uapi headers are now filtered-out. Unfortunately, coccinelle
>    doesn't provide structure names in Location.current_element.
>    For structures the field is always "something_else". Thus, there is
>    no easy way to create a list of existing structures in uapi headers
>    and suppress the warning only for them, but not for the newly added
>    uapi structures.
>  - The pattern doesn't require 2+ fields in a structure/union anymore.
>    Now it also checks single field structures/unions.
>  - The pattern simplified and now uses disjuction in array elements
>    (Thanks, Markus)
>  - Unions are removed from patch mode
>  - one-element arrays are removed from patch mode. Correct patch may
>    involve turning the array to a simple field instead of a flexible
>    array.
>
> On the current master branch, the rule generates:
>  - context: https://gist.github.com/evdenis/e2b4323491f9eff35376372df07f723c
>  - patch: https://gist.github.com/evdenis/46081da9d68ecefd07edc3769cebcf32
>
>  scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 88 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
>
> diff --git a/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..bf6dcda1783e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
> @@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +///
> +/// Zero-length and one-element arrays are deprecated, see
> +/// Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
> +/// Flexible-array members should be used instead.
> +///
> +//
> +// Confidence: High
> +// Copyright: (C) 2020 Denis Efremov ISPRAS.
> +// Comments:
> +// Options: --no-includes --include-headers
> +
> +virtual context
> +virtual report
> +virtual org
> +virtual patch
> +
> +@initialize:python@
> +@@
> +def relevant(positions):
> +    for p in positions:
> +        if "uapi" in p.file:
> +             return False
> +    return True
> +
> +@r depends on !patch@
> +identifier name, array;
> +type T;
> +position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
> +@@
> +
> +(
> +  struct name {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +|
> +  struct {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +|
> +  union name {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +|
> +  union {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +)
> +
> +@depends on patch exists@

exists is not necessary here.  There are not multiple control-flow paths
through a structure declaration.

> +identifier name, array;
> +type T;
> +position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
> +@@
> +
> +(
> +  struct name {
> +    ...
> +    T array@p[
> +-       0
> +    ];
> +  };
> +|
> +  struct {
> +    ...
> +    T array@p[
> +-       0
> +    ];
> +  };
> +)
> +
> +@script: python depends on report@
> +p << r.p;
> +@@
> +
> +msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
> +coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], msg)
> +
> +@script: python depends on org@
> +p << r.p;
> +@@
> +
> +msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
> +coccilib.org.print_todo(p, msg)

This should be coccilib.org.print_todo(p[0], msg)

julia
_______________________________________________
Cocci mailing list
Cocci@systeme.lip6.fr
https://systeme.lip6.fr/mailman/listinfo/cocci

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [Cocci] [PATCH v2] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script
  2020-09-12 14:43   ` Julia Lawall
@ 2020-09-13  6:15     ` Denis Efremov
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Denis Efremov @ 2020-09-13  6:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Julia Lawall; +Cc: Gustavo A . R . Silva, cocci, Kees Cook, linux-kernel

Hi,

On 9/12/20 5:43 PM, Julia Lawall wrote:
> 
> 
> On Mon, 10 Aug 2020, Denis Efremov wrote:
> 
>> Commit 68e4cd17e218 ("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and one-element
>> arrays") marks one-element and zero-length arrays as deprecated. Kernel
>> code should always use "flexible array members" instead.
>>
>> The script warns about one-element and zero-length arrays in structs.
>>
>> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>> Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
>> ---
>> Changes in v2:
>>  - all uapi headers are now filtered-out. Unfortunately, coccinelle
>>    doesn't provide structure names in Location.current_element.
>>    For structures the field is always "something_else". Thus, there is
>>    no easy way to create a list of existing structures in uapi headers
>>    and suppress the warning only for them, but not for the newly added
>>    uapi structures.
>>  - The pattern doesn't require 2+ fields in a structure/union anymore.
>>    Now it also checks single field structures/unions.
>>  - The pattern simplified and now uses disjuction in array elements
>>    (Thanks, Markus)
>>  - Unions are removed from patch mode
>>  - one-element arrays are removed from patch mode. Correct patch may
>>    involve turning the array to a simple field instead of a flexible
>>    array.
>>
>> On the current master branch, the rule generates:
>>  - context: https://gist.github.com/evdenis/e2b4323491f9eff35376372df07f723c
>>  - patch: https://gist.github.com/evdenis/46081da9d68ecefd07edc3769cebcf32
>>
>>  scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++
>>  1 file changed, 88 insertions(+)
>>  create mode 100644 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
>>
>> diff --git a/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..bf6dcda1783e
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
>> @@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
>> +///
>> +/// Zero-length and one-element arrays are deprecated, see
>> +/// Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
>> +/// Flexible-array members should be used instead.
>> +///
>> +//
>> +// Confidence: High
>> +// Copyright: (C) 2020 Denis Efremov ISPRAS.
>> +// Comments:
>> +// Options: --no-includes --include-headers
>> +
>> +virtual context
>> +virtual report
>> +virtual org
>> +virtual patch
>> +
>> +@initialize:python@
>> +@@
>> +def relevant(positions):
>> +    for p in positions:
>> +        if "uapi" in p.file:
>> +             return False
>> +    return True
>> +
>> +@r depends on !patch@
>> +identifier name, array;
>> +type T;
>> +position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
>> +@@
>> +
>> +(
>> +  struct name {
>> +    ...
>> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
>> +  };
>> +|
>> +  struct {
>> +    ...
>> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
>> +  };
>> +|
>> +  union name {
>> +    ...
>> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
>> +  };
>> +|
>> +  union {
>> +    ...
>> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
>> +  };
>> +)
>> +
>> +@depends on patch exists@
> 
> exists is not necessary here.  There are not multiple control-flow paths
> through a structure declaration.
> 
>> +identifier name, array;
>> +type T;
>> +position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
>> +@@
>> +
>> +(
>> +  struct name {
>> +    ...
>> +    T array@p[
>> +-       0
>> +    ];
>> +  };
>> +|
>> +  struct {
>> +    ...
>> +    T array@p[
>> +-       0
>> +    ];
>> +  };
>> +)
>> +
>> +@script: python depends on report@
>> +p << r.p;
>> +@@
>> +
>> +msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
>> +coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], msg)
>> +
>> +@script: python depends on org@
>> +p << r.p;
>> +@@
>> +
>> +msg = "WARNING: use flexible-array member instead"
>> +coccilib.org.print_todo(p, msg)
> 
> This should be coccilib.org.print_todo(p[0], msg)
> 


Thanks, I will send v3 with fixes and proper links to online documentation.

Regards,
Denis
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Cocci@systeme.lip6.fr
https://systeme.lip6.fr/mailman/listinfo/cocci

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* [Cocci] [PATCH v3] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script
  2020-08-06 22:03 [Cocci] [RFC PATCH] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script Denis Efremov
  2020-08-07 16:18 ` Gustavo A. R. Silva
  2020-08-09 21:26 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v2] " Denis Efremov
@ 2020-09-21 17:49 ` Denis Efremov
  2020-10-03 20:09   ` Julia Lawall
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 7+ messages in thread
From: Denis Efremov @ 2020-09-21 17:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Julia Lawall; +Cc: Kees Cook, Gustavo A . R . Silva, cocci, linux-kernel

One-element and zero-length arrays are deprecated [1]. Kernel
code should always use "flexible array members" instead, except
for existing uapi definitions.

The script warns about one-element and zero-length arrays in structs.

[1] commit 68e4cd17e218 ("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and
    one-element arrays")

Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>
---
Changes in v2:
 - all uapi headers are now filtered-out. Unfortunately, coccinelle
   doesn't provide structure names in Location.current_element.
   For structures the field is always "something_else". Thus, there is
   no easy way to create a list of existing structures in uapi headers
   and suppress the warning only for them, but not for the newly added
   uapi structures.
 - The pattern doesn't require 2+ fields in a structure/union anymore.
   Now it also checks single field structures/unions.
 - The pattern simplified and now uses disjuction in array elements
   (Thanks, Markus)
 - Unions are removed from patch mode
 - one-element arrays are removed from patch mode. Correct patch may
   involve turning the array to a simple field instead of a flexible
   array.
Changes in v3:
 - exists removed from "depends on patch"
 - position argument fixed in org mode
 - link to the online documentation added to the warning message

 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 88 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci

diff --git a/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..947fbaff82a9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+///
+/// Zero-length and one-element arrays are deprecated, see
+/// Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
+/// Flexible-array members should be used instead.
+///
+//
+// Confidence: High
+// Copyright: (C) 2020 Denis Efremov ISPRAS.
+// Comments:
+// Options: --no-includes --include-headers
+
+virtual context
+virtual report
+virtual org
+virtual patch
+
+@initialize:python@
+@@
+def relevant(positions):
+    for p in positions:
+        if "uapi" in p.file:
+             return False
+    return True
+
+@r depends on !patch@
+identifier name, array;
+type T;
+position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
+@@
+
+(
+  struct name {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+|
+  struct {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+|
+  union name {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+|
+  union {
+    ...
+*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
+  };
+)
+
+@depends on patch@
+identifier name, array;
+type T;
+position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
+@@
+
+(
+  struct name {
+    ...
+    T array@p[
+-       0
+    ];
+  };
+|
+  struct {
+    ...
+    T array@p[
+-       0
+    ];
+  };
+)
+
+@script: python depends on report@
+p << r.p;
+@@
+
+msg = "WARNING use flexible-array member instead (https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/deprecated.html#zero-length-and-one-element-arrays)"
+coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], msg)
+
+@script: python depends on org@
+p << r.p;
+@@
+
+msg = "WARNING use flexible-array member instead (https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/deprecated.html#zero-length-and-one-element-arrays)"
+coccilib.org.print_todo(p[0], msg)
-- 
2.26.2

_______________________________________________
Cocci mailing list
Cocci@systeme.lip6.fr
https://systeme.lip6.fr/mailman/listinfo/cocci

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

* Re: [Cocci] [PATCH v3] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script
  2020-09-21 17:49 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v3] " Denis Efremov
@ 2020-10-03 20:09   ` Julia Lawall
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 7+ messages in thread
From: Julia Lawall @ 2020-10-03 20:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Denis Efremov; +Cc: Gustavo A . R . Silva, cocci, Kees Cook, linux-kernel



On Mon, 21 Sep 2020, Denis Efremov wrote:

> One-element and zero-length arrays are deprecated [1]. Kernel
> code should always use "flexible array members" instead, except
> for existing uapi definitions.
>
> The script warns about one-element and zero-length arrays in structs.
>
> [1] commit 68e4cd17e218 ("docs: deprecated.rst: Add zero-length and
>     one-element arrays")
>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Denis Efremov <efremov@linux.com>

Applied, thanks.


> ---
> Changes in v2:
>  - all uapi headers are now filtered-out. Unfortunately, coccinelle
>    doesn't provide structure names in Location.current_element.
>    For structures the field is always "something_else". Thus, there is
>    no easy way to create a list of existing structures in uapi headers
>    and suppress the warning only for them, but not for the newly added
>    uapi structures.
>  - The pattern doesn't require 2+ fields in a structure/union anymore.
>    Now it also checks single field structures/unions.
>  - The pattern simplified and now uses disjuction in array elements
>    (Thanks, Markus)
>  - Unions are removed from patch mode
>  - one-element arrays are removed from patch mode. Correct patch may
>    involve turning the array to a simple field instead of a flexible
>    array.
> Changes in v3:
>  - exists removed from "depends on patch"
>  - position argument fixed in org mode
>  - link to the online documentation added to the warning message
>
>  scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 88 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
>
> diff --git a/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..947fbaff82a9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/scripts/coccinelle/misc/flexible_array.cocci
> @@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +///
> +/// Zero-length and one-element arrays are deprecated, see
> +/// Documentation/process/deprecated.rst
> +/// Flexible-array members should be used instead.
> +///
> +//
> +// Confidence: High
> +// Copyright: (C) 2020 Denis Efremov ISPRAS.
> +// Comments:
> +// Options: --no-includes --include-headers
> +
> +virtual context
> +virtual report
> +virtual org
> +virtual patch
> +
> +@initialize:python@
> +@@
> +def relevant(positions):
> +    for p in positions:
> +        if "uapi" in p.file:
> +             return False
> +    return True
> +
> +@r depends on !patch@
> +identifier name, array;
> +type T;
> +position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
> +@@
> +
> +(
> +  struct name {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +|
> +  struct {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +|
> +  union name {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +|
> +  union {
> +    ...
> +*   T array@p[\(0\|1\)];
> +  };
> +)
> +
> +@depends on patch@
> +identifier name, array;
> +type T;
> +position p : script:python() { relevant(p) };
> +@@
> +
> +(
> +  struct name {
> +    ...
> +    T array@p[
> +-       0
> +    ];
> +  };
> +|
> +  struct {
> +    ...
> +    T array@p[
> +-       0
> +    ];
> +  };
> +)
> +
> +@script: python depends on report@
> +p << r.p;
> +@@
> +
> +msg = "WARNING use flexible-array member instead (https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/deprecated.html#zero-length-and-one-element-arrays)"
> +coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], msg)
> +
> +@script: python depends on org@
> +p << r.p;
> +@@
> +
> +msg = "WARNING use flexible-array member instead (https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/deprecated.html#zero-length-and-one-element-arrays)"
> +coccilib.org.print_todo(p[0], msg)
> --
> 2.26.2
>
>
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https://systeme.lip6.fr/mailman/listinfo/cocci

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 7+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 7+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-08-06 22:03 [Cocci] [RFC PATCH] coccinelle: misc: add flexible_array.cocci script Denis Efremov
2020-08-07 16:18 ` Gustavo A. R. Silva
2020-08-09 21:26 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v2] " Denis Efremov
2020-09-12 14:43   ` Julia Lawall
2020-09-13  6:15     ` Denis Efremov
2020-09-21 17:49 ` [Cocci] [PATCH v3] " Denis Efremov
2020-10-03 20:09   ` Julia Lawall

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