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From: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
To: Harald van Dijk <harald@gigawatt.nl>
Cc: calestyo@scientia.org, dash@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH] expand: Always quote caret when using fnmatch
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 17:13:09 +1100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <YeZadfOkUDdN7JqS@gondor.apana.org.au> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <e341e41f-8c32-b6e4-8be3-8f94fae2677c@gigawatt.nl>

Harald van Dijk <harald@gigawatt.nl> wrote:
> 
> On 12/01/2022 16:25, Christoph Anton Mitterer wrote:
>> The results for the run-circumflex seem pretty odd.
>> Apparently, the ^ is taken literally, but the other two are negated.
> 
> The ^ is not taken literally. The ^ in the pattern is wrongly taken as 
> the negation operator, and the ^ in the argument is then reported as a 
> match because it is neither . nor a.
> 
> This bug (you're right that it's a bug) is specific to builds that use 
> fnmatch(). In dash itself, ^ is always assumed as a literal. In builds 
> with --disable-fnmatch you get correct results. In builds with 
> --enable-fnmatch, because dash assumes ^ is assumed as a literal, dash 
> fails to escape it before passing it on to fnmatch(), and the system 
> fnmatch() may choose differently from dash on how to deal with unquoted 
> ^s. What dash should do to get whatever behaviour the system fnmatch() 
> chooses is leave unquoted ^s unquoted, and leave quoted ^s quoted. This 
> can be achieved by
> 
> --- a/src/mksyntax.c
> +++ b/src/mksyntax.c
> @@ -178,14 +178,14 @@ main(int argc, char **argv)
>         add("$", "CVAR");
>         add("}", "CENDVAR");
>         /* ':/' for tilde expansion, '-' for [a\-x] pattern ranges */
> -       add("!*?[=~:/-]", "CCTL");
> +       add("!*?[^=~:/-]", "CCTL");
>         print("dqsyntax");
>         init();
>         fputs("\n/* syntax table used when in single quotes */\n", cfile);
>         add("\n", "CNL");
>         add("'", "CENDQUOTE");
>         /* ':/' for tilde expansion, '-' for [a\-x] pattern ranges */
> -       add("!*?[=~:/-]\\", "CCTL");
> +       add("!*?[^=~:/-]\\", "CCTL");
>         print("sqsyntax");
>         init();
>         fputs("\n/* syntax table used when in arithmetic */\n", cfile);
> 
> However, whether this is the correct approach is a matter of opinion: 
> dash could alternatively choose to always take ^ as a literal and always 
> escape it before passing it on to fnmatch(), overriding whatever 
> decision the libc people had taken.

Yes, this would produce the most consistent result.

This patch forces ^ to be a literal when we use fnmatch.

Fixes: 7638476c18f2 ("shell: Enable fnmatch/glob by default")
Reported-by: Christoph Anton Mitterer <calestyo@scientia.org>
Suggested-by: Harald van Dijk <harald@gigawatt.nl>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>

diff --git a/src/expand.c b/src/expand.c
index aea5cc4..04bf8fb 100644
--- a/src/expand.c
+++ b/src/expand.c
@@ -47,6 +47,9 @@
 #include <string.h>
 #ifdef HAVE_FNMATCH
 #include <fnmatch.h>
+#define FNMATCH_IS_ENABLED 1
+#else
+#define FNMATCH_IS_ENABLED 0
 #endif
 #ifdef HAVE_GLOB
 #include <glob.h>
@@ -1693,8 +1696,11 @@ _rmescapes(char *str, int flag)
 			notescaped = 0;
 			goto copy;
 		}
+		if (FNMATCH_IS_ENABLED && *p == '^')
+			goto add_escape;
 		if (*p == (char)CTLESC) {
 			p++;
+add_escape:
 			if (notescaped)
 				*q++ = '\\';
 		}
-- 
Email: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
Home Page: http://gondor.apana.org.au/~herbert/
PGP Key: http://gondor.apana.org.au/~herbert/pubkey.txt

  parent reply	other threads:[~2022-01-18  6:13 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-01-12 16:25 possible wrong behaviour with patterns using a quoted ^ at the start of a bracket expression Christoph Anton Mitterer
2022-01-12 17:20 ` Harald van Dijk
2022-01-12 17:47   ` Christoph Anton Mitterer
2022-01-12 18:17     ` Harald van Dijk
2022-01-12 18:21       ` Christoph Anton Mitterer
2022-01-18  6:13   ` Herbert Xu [this message]
2022-01-18  8:44     ` [PATCH] expand: Always quote caret when using fnmatch Harald van Dijk
2022-01-19  5:37       ` [v2 PATCH] " Herbert Xu
2022-02-20  7:15         ` Stephane Chazelas
2022-02-21 16:39           ` Eric Blake
2022-02-21 17:06             ` Harald van Dijk
2022-02-21 19:15               ` Stephane Chazelas
2022-01-18 14:29     ` [PATCH] " Christoph Anton Mitterer
2022-01-18 14:54       ` Chet Ramey
2022-01-18 22:33       ` Herbert Xu

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