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From: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
To: DRI Development <dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: linux-samsung-soc@vger.kernel.org, "Jan Kara" <jack@suse.cz>,
	"Kees Cook" <keescook@chromium.org>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, "Jason Gunthorpe" <jgg@ziepe.ca>,
	"Daniel Vetter" <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>,
	"Christoph Hellwig" <hch@infradead.org>,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, "Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com>,
	"John Hubbard" <jhubbard@nvidia.com>,
	"Daniel Vetter" <daniel.vetter@intel.com>,
	"Dan Williams" <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	"Andrew Morton" <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-media@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v6 08/17] mm: Add unsafe_follow_pfn
Date: Thu, 19 Nov 2020 15:41:37 +0100
Message-ID: <20201119144146.1045202-9-daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201119144146.1045202-1-daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>

Way back it was a reasonable assumptions that iomem mappings never
change the pfn range they point at. But this has changed:

- gpu drivers dynamically manage their memory nowadays, invalidating
ptes with unmap_mapping_range when buffers get moved

- contiguous dma allocations have moved from dedicated carvetouts to
cma regions. This means if we miss the unmap the pfn might contain
pagecache or anon memory (well anything allocated with GFP_MOVEABLE)

- even /dev/mem now invalidates mappings when the kernel requests that
iomem region when CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM is set, see 3234ac664a87
("/dev/mem: Revoke mappings when a driver claims the region")

Accessing pfns obtained from ptes without holding all the locks is
therefore no longer a good idea.

Unfortunately there's some users where this is not fixable (like v4l
userptr of iomem mappings) or involves a pile of work (vfio type1
iommu). For now annotate these as unsafe and splat appropriately.

This patch adds an unsafe_follow_pfn, which later patches will then
roll out to all appropriate places.

Also mark up follow_pfn as EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL. The only safe way to use
that by drivers/modules is together with an mmu_notifier, and that's
all _GPL stuff.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Cc: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-samsung-soc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-media@vger.kernel.org
Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
--
v5: Suggestions from Christoph
- reindent for less weirdness
- use IS_ENABLED instead of #ifdef
- same checks for nommu, for consistency
- EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL for follow_pfn.
- kerneldoc was already updated in previous versions to explain when
  follow_pfn can be used safely
---
 include/linux/mm.h |  2 ++
 mm/memory.c        | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 mm/nommu.c         | 27 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 security/Kconfig   | 13 +++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 06cc6f30fc78..aa0087feab24 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1661,6 +1661,8 @@ int follow_pte_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
 		   pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp);
 int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 	unsigned long *pfn);
+int unsafe_follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
+		      unsigned long *pfn);
 int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 		unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys);
 int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index ac32039ce941..0db0c5e233fd 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -4795,7 +4795,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pte_pmd);
  * @address: user virtual address
  * @pfn: location to store found PFN
  *
- * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed.
+ * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. Note that callers must
+ * ensure coherency with pte updates by using a &mmu_notifier to follow updates.
+ * If this is not feasible, or the access to the @pfn is only very short term,
+ * use follow_pte_pmd() instead and hold the pagetable lock for the duration of
+ * the access instead. Any caller not following these requirements must use
+ * unsafe_follow_pfn() instead.
  *
  * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise.
  */
@@ -4816,7 +4821,32 @@ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 	pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
 	return 0;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pfn);
+
+/**
+ * unsafe_follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address
+ * @vma: memory mapping
+ * @address: user virtual address
+ * @pfn: location to store found PFN
+ *
+ * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed.
+ *
+ * Returns zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise.
+ */
+int unsafe_follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
+		      unsigned long *pfn)
+{
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_STRICT_FOLLOW_PFN)) {
+		pr_info("unsafe follow_pfn usage rejected, see CONFIG_STRICT_FOLLOW_PFN\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	WARN_ONCE(1, "unsafe follow_pfn usage\n");
+	add_taint(TAINT_USER, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
+
+	return follow_pfn(vma, address, pfn);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(unsafe_follow_pfn);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT
 int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
diff --git a/mm/nommu.c b/mm/nommu.c
index 0faf39b32cdb..79fc98a6c94a 100644
--- a/mm/nommu.c
+++ b/mm/nommu.c
@@ -130,7 +130,32 @@ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
 	*pfn = address >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	return 0;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pfn);
+
+/**
+ * unsafe_follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address
+ * @vma: memory mapping
+ * @address: user virtual address
+ * @pfn: location to store found PFN
+ *
+ * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed.
+ *
+ * Returns zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise.
+ */
+int unsafe_follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
+		      unsigned long *pfn)
+{
+	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_STRICT_FOLLOW_PFN)) {
+		pr_info("unsafe follow_pfn usage rejected, see CONFIG_STRICT_FOLLOW_PFN\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	WARN_ONCE(1, "unsafe follow_pfn usage\n");
+	add_taint(TAINT_USER, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
+
+	return follow_pfn(vma, address, pfn);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(unsafe_follow_pfn);
 
 LIST_HEAD(vmap_area_list);
 
diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
index 7561f6f99f1d..48945402e103 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig
+++ b/security/Kconfig
@@ -230,6 +230,19 @@ config STATIC_USERMODEHELPER_PATH
 	  If you wish for all usermode helper programs to be disabled,
 	  specify an empty string here (i.e. "").
 
+config STRICT_FOLLOW_PFN
+	bool "Disable unsafe use of follow_pfn"
+	depends on MMU
+	help
+	  Some functionality in the kernel follows userspace mappings to iomem
+	  ranges in an unsafe matter. Examples include v4l userptr for zero-copy
+	  buffers sharing.
+
+	  If this option is switched on, such access is rejected. Only enable
+	  this option when you must run userspace which requires this.
+
+	  If in doubt, say Y.
+
 source "security/selinux/Kconfig"
 source "security/smack/Kconfig"
 source "security/tomoyo/Kconfig"
-- 
2.29.2

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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 39+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-11-19 14:41 [PATCH v6 00/17] follow_pfn and other iomap races Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 01/17] drm/exynos: Stop using frame_vector helpers Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 02/17] drm/exynos: Use FOLL_LONGTERM for g2d cmdlists Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 03/17] misc/habana: Stop using frame_vector helpers Daniel Vetter
2020-11-21 12:47   ` Oded Gabbay
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 04/17] misc/habana: Use FOLL_LONGTERM for userptr Daniel Vetter
2020-11-21 10:15   ` Oded Gabbay
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 05/17] mm/frame-vector: Use FOLL_LONGTERM Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 06/17] media: videobuf2: Move frame_vector into media subsystem Daniel Vetter
2020-11-20  8:07   ` Hans Verkuil
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 07/17] mm: Close race in generic_access_phys Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` Daniel Vetter [this message]
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 09/17] media/videbuf1|2: Mark follow_pfn usage as unsafe Daniel Vetter
2020-11-20  8:06   ` Hans Verkuil
2020-11-20  8:28     ` Hans Verkuil
2020-11-20  8:32       ` Tomasz Figa
2020-11-20  9:18       ` Daniel Vetter
2020-11-20 10:38         ` Hans Verkuil
2020-11-20 10:51           ` Daniel Vetter
2020-11-20 12:08             ` Hans Verkuil
2020-11-20 12:23               ` Tomasz Figa
2020-11-24 14:16                 ` Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 10/17] vfio/type1: Mark follow_pfn " Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 11/17] PCI: Obey iomem restrictions for procfs mmap Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 12/17] /dev/mem: Only set filp->f_mapping Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 13/17] resource: Move devmem revoke code to resource framework Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 14/17] sysfs: Support zapping of binary attr mmaps Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 15/17] PCI: Revoke mappings like devmem Daniel Vetter
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 16/17] RFC: kvm: pass kvm argument to follow_pfn callsites Daniel Vetter
2020-11-20 15:33   ` Paolo Bonzini
2020-11-20 15:44     ` Daniel Vetter
2020-11-20 15:55       ` Paolo Bonzini
2020-11-19 14:41 ` [PATCH v6 17/17] RFC: mm: add mmu_notifier argument to follow_pfn Daniel Vetter
2020-11-20 18:30   ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-24 14:28     ` Daniel Vetter
2020-11-24 15:55       ` Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-25  9:00         ` Daniel Vetter
2020-11-27 13:12 ` [PATCH v6 00/17] follow_pfn and other iomap races Jason Gunthorpe
2020-11-27 15:36   ` Daniel Vetter

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