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From: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
To: Hao Luo <haoluo-hpIqsD4AKlfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
Cc: Andrii Nakryiko
	<andrii.nakryiko-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>,
	Alexei Starovoitov
	<alexei.starovoitov-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>,
	daniel-FeC+5ew28dpmcu3hnIyYJQ@public.gmane.org,
	olegrom-hpIqsD4AKlfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org,
	kafai-b10kYP2dOMg@public.gmane.org,
	dwarves-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] btf_encoder: Teach pahole to store percpu variables in vmlinux BTF.
Date: Tue, 9 Jun 2020 11:29:40 -0300
Message-ID: <20200609142940.GA24868@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200608173403.151706-1-haoluo-hpIqsD4AKlfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>

Em Mon, Jun 08, 2020 at 10:34:03AM -0700, Hao Luo escreveu:
> On SMP systems, the global percpu variables are placed in a special
> '.data..percpu' section, which is stored in a segment whose initial
> address is set to 0, the addresses of per-CPU variables are relative
> positive addresses [1].
> 
> This patch extracts these variables from vmlinux and places them with
> their type information in BTF. More specifically, when BTF is encoded,
> we find the index of the '.data..percpu' section and then traverse
> the symbol table to find those global objects which are in this section.
> For each of these objects, we push a BTF_KIND_VAR into the types buffer,
> and a BTF_VAR_SECINFO into another buffer, percpu_secinfo. When all the
> CUs have finished processing, we push a BTF_KIND_DATASEC into the
> btfe->types buffer, followed by the percpu_secinfo's content.
> 
> In a v5.7-rc7 linux kernel, I was able to extract 291 such variables.
> The build time overhead is small and the space overhead is also small.

Looks good, I'm doing some testing on it now, Andrii, can you provide an
Acked-by or Reviewed-by?

Thanks,

- Arnaldo
 
> Testing:
> 
> Before:
>  $ readelf -SW vmlinux | grep BTF
>  [25] .BTF              PROGBITS        ffffffff821a905c 13a905c 2d2bf8 00   A  0   0  1
> 
> After:
>  $ pahole -J vmlinux
>  $ readelf -SW vmlinux  | grep BTF
>  [25] .BTF              PROGBITS        ffffffff821a905c 13a905c 2d5bca 00   A  0   0  1
> 
> Common percpu vars can be found in the BTF section.
> 
>  $ bpftool btf dump file vmlinux | grep runqueues
>  [14098] VAR 'runqueues' type_id=13725, linkage=global-alloc
> 
>  $ bpftool btf dump file vmlinux | grep 'cpu_stopper'
>  [17592] STRUCT 'cpu_stopper' size=72 vlen=5
>  [17612] VAR 'cpu_stopper' type_id=17592, linkage=static
> 
>  $ bpftool btf dump file vmlinux | grep ' DATASEC '
>  [63652] DATASEC '.data..percpu' size=0 vlen=294
> 
> References:
>  [1] https://lwn.net/Articles/531148/
> Signed-off-by: Hao Luo <haoluo-hpIqsD4AKlfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
> ---
> Changelog since v2:
> - Move finding percpu_shndx and extracting symtab into btfe creation,
>   so we don't have to allocate a new symtab for each CU.
> - More debug msg by logging the vars encoded in 'verbose' mode. We
>   probably don't want to log the symbols that are _not_ encoded,
>   since that would be too verbose.
> - Calculate var offsets using 'addr - shdr.sh_addr', so it could be
>   generalized to other sections in future.
> - Filter out the symbols that are not STT_OBJECT.
> - Sort var_secinfos in the DATASEC by their offsets.
> - Free 'persec_secinfo' buffer and 'symtab' in btfe deletion.
> - Replace the string ".data..percpu" with a constant PERCPU_SECTION.
> 
> Changelog since v1:
> - Add a ".data..percpu" DATASEC that encodes the found VARs.
> - Use percpu section's shndx to find the symbols that are percpu variables.
> - Use the correct type to set VAR's linkage.
> 
>  btf_encoder.c | 119 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  dwarves.c     |   6 +++
>  dwarves.h     |   2 +
>  libbtf.c      | 123 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  libbtf.h      |  12 +++++
>  pahole.c      |   1 +
>  6 files changed, 263 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/btf_encoder.c b/btf_encoder.c
> index df16ba0..2f98f48 100644
> --- a/btf_encoder.c
> +++ b/btf_encoder.c
> @@ -168,6 +168,27 @@ int btf_encoder__encode()
>  	return err;
>  }
>  
> +
> +#define HASHADDR__BITS 8
> +#define HASHADDR__SIZE (1UL << HASHADDR__BITS)
> +#define hashaddr__fn(key) hash_64(key, HASHADDR__BITS)
> +
> +static struct variable *hashaddr__find_variable(const struct hlist_head hashtable[],
> +						const uint64_t addr)
> +{
> +	struct variable *variable;
> +	struct hlist_node *pos;
> +	uint16_t bucket = hashaddr__fn(addr);
> +	const struct hlist_head *head = &hashtable[bucket];
> +
> +	hlist_for_each_entry(variable, pos, head, tool_hnode) {
> +		if (variable->ip.addr == addr)
> +			return variable;
> +	}
> +
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
>  int cu__encode_btf(struct cu *cu, int verbose)
>  {
>  	bool add_index_type = false;
> @@ -176,6 +197,10 @@ int cu__encode_btf(struct cu *cu, int verbose)
>  	struct function *fn;
>  	struct tag *pos;
>  	int err = 0;
> +	struct hlist_head hash_addr[HASHADDR__SIZE];
> +	struct variable *var;
> +	bool has_global_var = false;
> +	GElf_Sym sym;
>  
>  	if (btfe && strcmp(btfe->filename, cu->filename)) {
>  		err = btf_encoder__encode();
> @@ -241,6 +266,100 @@ int cu__encode_btf(struct cu *cu, int verbose)
>  		}
>  	}
>  
> +
> +	if (btfe->percpu_shndx == 0 || !btfe->symtab)
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	if (verbose)
> +		printf("search cu '%s' for percpu global variables.\n", cu->name);
> +
> +	/* cache variables' addresses, preparing for searching in symtab. */
> +	for (core_id = 0; core_id < HASHADDR__SIZE; ++core_id)
> +		INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&hash_addr[core_id]);
> +
> +	cu__for_each_variable(cu, core_id, pos) {
> +		struct hlist_head *head;
> +
> +		var = tag__variable(pos);
> +		if (var->declaration)
> +			continue;
> +		/* percpu variables are allocated in global space */
> +		if (variable__scope(var) != VSCOPE_GLOBAL)
> +			continue;
> +		has_global_var = true;
> +		head = &hash_addr[hashaddr__fn(var->ip.addr)];
> +		hlist_add_head(&var->tool_hnode, head);
> +	}
> +	if (!has_global_var) {
> +		if (verbose)
> +			printf("cu has no global variable defined, skip.\n");
> +		goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* search within symtab for percpu variables */
> +	elf_symtab__for_each_symbol(btfe->symtab, core_id, sym) {
> +		uint32_t linkage, type, size, offset;
> +		int32_t btf_var_id, btf_var_secinfo_id;
> +		uint64_t addr;
> +
> +		/* compare a symbol's shndx to determine if it's a percpu variable */
> +		if (elf_sym__section(&sym) != btfe->percpu_shndx)
> +			continue;
> +		if (elf_sym__type(&sym) != STT_OBJECT)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		addr = elf_sym__value(&sym);
> +		/*
> +		 * Store only those symbols that have allocated space in the percpu section.
> +		 * This excludes the following three types of symbols:
> +		 *
> +		 *  1. __ADDRESSABLE(sym), which are forcely emitted as symbols.
> +		 *  2. __UNIQUE_ID(prefix), which are introduced to generate unique ids.
> +		 *  3. __exitcall(fn), functions which are labeled as exit calls.
> +		 *
> +		 * In addition, the variables defined using DEFINE_PERCPU_FIRST are
> +		 * also not included, which currently includes:
> +		 *
> +		 *  1. fixed_percpu_data
> +		 */
> +		if (!addr)
> +			continue;
> +		var = hashaddr__find_variable(hash_addr, addr);
> +		if (var == NULL)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (verbose)
> +			printf("symbol '%s' of address 0x%lx encoded\n",
> +			       elf_sym__name(&sym, btfe->symtab), addr);
> +
> +		/* add a BTF_KIND_VAR in btfe->types */
> +		linkage = var->external ? BTF_VAR_GLOBAL_ALLOCATED : BTF_VAR_STATIC;
> +		type = var->ip.tag.type + type_id_off;
> +		btf_var_id = btf_elf__add_var_type(btfe, type, var->name, linkage);
> +		if (btf_var_id < 0) {
> +			err = -1;
> +			printf("error: failed to encode variable '%s'\n",
> +			       variable__name(var, cu));
> +			break;
> +		}
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * add a BTF_VAR_SECINFO in btfe->percpu_secinfo, which will be added into
> +		 * btfe->types later when we add BTF_VAR_DATASEC.
> +		 */
> +		size = variable__type_size(var, cu);
> +		type = btf_var_id;
> +		offset = addr - btfe->percpu_base_addr;
> +		btf_var_secinfo_id = btf_elf__add_var_secinfo(&btfe->percpu_secinfo,
> +							      type, offset, size);
> +		if (btf_var_secinfo_id < 0) {
> +			err = -1;
> +			printf("error: failed to encode var secinfo '%s'\n",
> +			       variable__name(var, cu));
> +			break;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
>  out:
>  	if (err)
>  		btf_elf__delete(btfe);
> diff --git a/dwarves.c b/dwarves.c
> index eb7885f..141f688 100644
> --- a/dwarves.c
> +++ b/dwarves.c
> @@ -978,6 +978,12 @@ const char *variable__type_name(const struct variable *var,
>  	return tag != NULL ? tag__name(tag, cu, bf, len, NULL) : NULL;
>  }
>  
> +uint32_t variable__type_size(const struct variable *var, const struct cu *cu)
> +{
> +	const struct tag *tag = cu__type(cu, var->ip.tag.type);
> +	return tag != NULL ? tag__size(tag, cu) : 0;
> +}
> +
>  void class_member__delete(struct class_member *member, struct cu *cu)
>  {
>  	obstack_free(&cu->obstack, member);
> diff --git a/dwarves.h b/dwarves.h
> index a772e57..e4b0255 100644
> --- a/dwarves.h
> +++ b/dwarves.h
> @@ -672,6 +672,8 @@ const char *variable__name(const struct variable *var, const struct cu *cu);
>  const char *variable__type_name(const struct variable *var,
>  				const struct cu *cu, char *bf, size_t len);
>  
> +uint32_t variable__type_size(const struct variable *var, const struct cu *cu);
> +
>  struct lexblock {
>  	struct ip_tag	 ip;
>  	struct list_head tags;
> diff --git a/libbtf.c b/libbtf.c
> index 2fbce40..a7dc5fd 100644
> --- a/libbtf.c
> +++ b/libbtf.c
> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
>  #include "dutil.h"
>  #include "gobuffer.h"
>  #include "dwarves.h"
> +#include "elf_symtab.h"
>  
>  #define BTF_INFO_ENCODE(kind, kind_flag, vlen)				\
>  	((!!(kind_flag) << 31) | ((kind) << 24) | ((vlen) & BTF_MAX_VLEN))
> @@ -46,8 +47,21 @@ struct btf_array_type {
>  	struct btf_array array;
>  };
>  
> +struct btf_var_type {
> +	struct btf_type type;
> +	struct btf_var var;
> +};
> +
>  uint8_t btf_elf__verbose;
>  
> +static int btf_var_secinfo_cmp(const void *a, const void *b)
> +{
> +	const struct btf_var_secinfo *av = a;
> +	const struct btf_var_secinfo *bv = b;
> +
> +	return av->offset - bv->offset;
> +}
> +
>  uint32_t btf_elf__get32(struct btf_elf *btfe, uint32_t *p)
>  {
>  	uint32_t val = *p;
> @@ -137,6 +151,8 @@ out:
>  struct btf_elf *btf_elf__new(const char *filename, Elf *elf)
>  {
>  	struct btf_elf *btfe = zalloc(sizeof(*btfe));
> +	GElf_Shdr shdr;
> +	Elf_Scn *sec;
>  
>  	if (!btfe)
>  		return NULL;
> @@ -193,6 +209,26 @@ struct btf_elf *btf_elf__new(const char *filename, Elf *elf)
>  	default:	 btfe->wordsize = 0; break;
>  	}
>  
> +	btfe->symtab = elf_symtab__new(NULL, btfe->elf, &btfe->ehdr);
> +	if (!btfe->symtab) {
> +		if (btf_elf__verbose)
> +			printf("%s: '%s' doesn't have symtab.\n", __func__,
> +			       btfe->filename);
> +		return btfe;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* find percpu section's shndx */
> +	sec = elf_section_by_name(btfe->elf, &btfe->ehdr, &shdr, PERCPU_SECTION,
> +				  NULL);
> +	if (!sec) {
> +		if (btf_elf__verbose)
> +			printf("%s: '%s' doesn't have '%s' section\n", __func__,
> +			       btfe->filename, PERCPU_SECTION);
> +		return btfe;
> +	}
> +	btfe->percpu_shndx = elf_ndxscn(sec);
> +	btfe->percpu_base_addr = shdr.sh_addr;
> +
>  	return btfe;
>  
>  errout:
> @@ -211,7 +247,10 @@ void btf_elf__delete(struct btf_elf *btfe)
>  			elf_end(btfe->elf);
>  	}
>  
> +	elf_symtab__delete(btfe->symtab);
> +
>  	__gobuffer__delete(&btfe->types);
> +	__gobuffer__delete(&btfe->percpu_secinfo);
>  	free(btfe->filename);
>  	free(btfe->data);
>  	free(btfe);
> @@ -613,6 +652,86 @@ int32_t btf_elf__add_func_proto(struct btf_elf *btfe, struct ftype *ftype, uint3
>  	return type_id;
>  }
>  
> +int32_t btf_elf__add_var_type(struct btf_elf *btfe, uint32_t type, uint32_t name_off,
> +			      uint32_t linkage)
> +{
> +	struct btf_var_type t;
> +
> +	t.type.name_off = name_off;
> +	t.type.info = BTF_INFO_ENCODE(BTF_KIND_VAR, 0, 0);
> +	t.type.type = type;
> +
> +	t.var.linkage = linkage;
> +
> +	++btfe->type_index;
> +	if (gobuffer__add(&btfe->types, &t.type, sizeof(t)) < 0) {
> +		btf_elf__log_type(btfe, &t.type, true, true,
> +				  "type=%u name=%s Error in adding gobuffer",
> +				  t.type.type, btf_elf__name_in_gobuf(btfe, t.type.name_off));
> +		return -1;
> +	}
> +
> +	btf_elf__log_type(btfe, &t.type, false, false, "type=%u name=%s",
> +			  t.type.type, btf_elf__name_in_gobuf(btfe, t.type.name_off));
> +
> +	return btfe->type_index;
> +}
> +
> +int32_t btf_elf__add_var_secinfo(struct gobuffer *buf, uint32_t type,
> +				 uint32_t offset, uint32_t size)
> +{
> +	struct btf_var_secinfo si = {
> +		.type = type,
> +		.offset = offset,
> +		.size = size,
> +	};
> +	return gobuffer__add(buf, &si, sizeof(si));
> +}
> +
> +extern struct strings *strings;
> +
> +int32_t btf_elf__add_datasec_type(struct btf_elf *btfe, const char *section_name,
> +				  struct gobuffer *var_secinfo_buf)
> +{
> +	struct btf_type type;
> +	size_t sz = gobuffer__size(var_secinfo_buf);
> +	uint16_t nr_var_secinfo = sz / sizeof(struct btf_var_secinfo);
> +	uint32_t name_off;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * dwarves doesn't store section names in its string table,
> +	 * so we have to add it by ourselves.
> +	 */
> +	name_off = strings__add(strings, section_name);
> +
> +	type.name_off = name_off;
> +	type.info = BTF_INFO_ENCODE(BTF_KIND_DATASEC, 0, nr_var_secinfo);
> +	type.size = 0;
> +
> +	++btfe->type_index;
> +	if (gobuffer__add(&btfe->types, &type, sizeof(type)) < 0) {
> +		btf_elf__log_type(btfe, &type, true, true,
> +				  "name=%s vlen=%u Error in adding datasec",
> +				  btf_elf__name_in_gobuf(btfe, type.name_off),
> +				  nr_var_secinfo);
> +		return -1;
> +	}
> +	qsort(var_secinfo_buf->entries, nr_var_secinfo,
> +	      sizeof(struct btf_var_secinfo), btf_var_secinfo_cmp);
> +	if (gobuffer__add(&btfe->types, var_secinfo_buf->entries, sz) < 0) {
> +		btf_elf__log_type(btfe, &type, true, true,
> +				  "name=%s vlen=%u Error in adding var_secinfo",
> +				  btf_elf__name_in_gobuf(btfe, type.name_off),
> +				  nr_var_secinfo);
> +		return -1;
> +	}
> +
> +	btf_elf__log_type(btfe, &type, false, false, "type=datasec name=%s",
> +			  btf_elf__name_in_gobuf(btfe, type.name_off));
> +
> +	return btfe->type_index;
> +}
> +
>  static int btf_elf__write(const char *filename, struct btf *btf)
>  {
>  	GElf_Shdr shdr_mem, *shdr;
> @@ -727,6 +846,10 @@ int btf_elf__encode(struct btf_elf *btfe, uint8_t flags)
>  	if (gobuffer__size(&btfe->types) == 0)
>  		return 0;
>  
> +	if (gobuffer__size(&btfe->percpu_secinfo) != 0)
> +		btf_elf__add_datasec_type(btfe, PERCPU_SECTION,
> +					  &btfe->percpu_secinfo);
> +
>  	btfe->size = sizeof(*hdr) + (gobuffer__size(&btfe->types) + gobuffer__size(btfe->strings));
>  	btfe->data = zalloc(btfe->size);
>  
> diff --git a/libbtf.h b/libbtf.h
> index f3c8500..be06480 100644
> --- a/libbtf.h
> +++ b/libbtf.h
> @@ -20,8 +20,10 @@ struct btf_elf {
>  	void		  *priv;
>  	Elf		  *elf;
>  	GElf_Ehdr	  ehdr;
> +	struct elf_symtab *symtab;
>  	struct gobuffer	  types;
>  	struct gobuffer   *strings;
> +	struct gobuffer   percpu_secinfo;
>  	char		  *filename;
>  	size_t		  size;
>  	int		  swapped;
> @@ -30,11 +32,15 @@ struct btf_elf {
>  	bool		  is_big_endian;
>  	bool		  raw_btf; // "/sys/kernel/btf/vmlinux"
>  	uint32_t	  type_index;
> +	uint32_t	  percpu_shndx;
> +	uint64_t	  percpu_base_addr;
>  };
>  
>  extern uint8_t btf_elf__verbose;
>  #define btf_elf__verbose_log(fmt, ...) { if (btf_elf__verbose) printf(fmt, __VA_ARGS__); }
>  
> +#define PERCPU_SECTION ".data..percpu"
> +
>  struct base_type;
>  struct ftype;
>  
> @@ -55,6 +61,12 @@ int32_t btf_elf__add_enum(struct btf_elf *btf, uint32_t name, uint32_t size,
>  int btf_elf__add_enum_val(struct btf_elf *btf, uint32_t name, int32_t value);
>  int32_t btf_elf__add_func_proto(struct btf_elf *btf, struct ftype *ftype,
>  				uint32_t type_id_off);
> +int32_t btf_elf__add_var_type(struct btf_elf *btfe, uint32_t type, uint32_t name_off,
> +			      uint32_t linkage);
> +int32_t btf_elf__add_var_secinfo(struct gobuffer *buf, uint32_t type,
> +				 uint32_t offset, uint32_t size);
> +int32_t btf_elf__add_datasec_type(struct btf_elf *btfe, const char *section_name,
> +				  struct gobuffer *var_secinfo_buf);
>  void btf_elf__set_strings(struct btf_elf *btf, struct gobuffer *strings);
>  int  btf_elf__encode(struct btf_elf *btf, uint8_t flags);
>  
> diff --git a/pahole.c b/pahole.c
> index e2a081b..8407db9 100644
> --- a/pahole.c
> +++ b/pahole.c
> @@ -1084,6 +1084,7 @@ static error_t pahole__options_parser(int key, char *arg,
>  	case 'i': find_containers = 1;
>  		  class_name = arg;			break;
>  	case 'J': btf_encode = 1;
> +		  conf_load.get_addr_info = true;
>  		  no_bitfield_type_recode = true;	break;
>  	case 'l': conf.show_first_biggest_size_base_type_member = 1;	break;
>  	case 'M': conf.show_only_data_members = 1;	break;
> -- 
> 2.27.0.278.ge193c7cf3a9-goog
> 

-- 

- Arnaldo

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-08 17:34 Hao Luo
     [not found] ` <20200608173403.151706-1-haoluo-hpIqsD4AKlfQT0dZR+AlfA@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-09 14:29   ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo [this message]
     [not found]     ` <20200609142940.GA24868-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-09 14:58       ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
     [not found]         ` <CA+khW7j_bBNNepxyk4pZQLMS3CxA4CKQ-9cSSub-hTDQW5xZVQ@mail.gmail.com>
     [not found]           ` <CA+khW7iBAFELfYmJDQK5eQ-Q+bCg7Hv3WAYPLz6iPXOO6+TQHw@mail.gmail.com>
     [not found]             ` <CA+khW7iEMXgtauLikO3YwUZus7hsdQti_KjZXk7uoCdPUBc=qw@mail.gmail.com>
     [not found]               ` <CA+khW7iEMXgtauLikO3YwUZus7hsdQti_KjZXk7uoCdPUBc=qw-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-12 22:01                 ` Andrii Nakryiko
     [not found]                   ` <CA+khW7h1O+7XFuS-T-=3MUjr6qhbEE+tUyLbbHoSn6fWzN+xTg@mail.gmail.com>
     [not found]                     ` <CA+khW7h1O+7XFuS-T-=3MUjr6qhbEE+tUyLbbHoSn6fWzN+xTg-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-13  1:30                       ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
2020-06-13 22:12                       ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo

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