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From: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
To: Andrii Nakryiko
	<andrii.nakryiko-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
	<arnaldo.melo-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>,
	Lorenz Bauer <lmb-lDpJ742SOEtZroRs9YW3xA@public.gmane.org>,
	bpf <bpf-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>,
	dwarves-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org,
	kernel-team <kernel-team-lDpJ742SOEtZroRs9YW3xA@public.gmane.org>
Subject: Re: pahole generates invalid BTF for code compiled with recent clang
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2020 15:57:37 -0300
Message-ID: <20200624185737.GA25807@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAEf4BzY8b71tE5B4rw5sfy=xajtgqUGHVaoHNf_YzVtQ9aLCBg-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>

Em Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 11:40:21AM -0700, Andrii Nakryiko escreveu:
> On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 10:57 AM Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
> <arnaldo.melo-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org> wrote:
> >
> > Em Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 10:41:10AM -0700, Andrii Nakryiko escreveu:
> > > On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 4:07 AM Lorenz Bauer <lmb-lDpJ742SOEtZroRs9YW3xA@public.gmane.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > Hi,
> > > >
> > > > If pahole -J is used on an ELF that has BTF info from clang, it
> > > > produces an invalid
> > > > output. This is because pahole rewrites the .BTF section (which
> > > > includes a new string
> > > > table) but it doesn't touch .BTF.ext at all.
> > >
> > > Why do you run `pahole -J` on BPF .o file? Clang already generates
> > > .BTF (and .BTF.ext, of course) for you.
> > >
> > > pahole -J is supposed to be used for vmlinux, not for clang-compiled
> > > -target BPF object files.
> >
> > yeah, I was thinking this was for a vmlinux generated by clang, which,
> > from the commands below (the suffix _prog.o) should have told me this is
> > a target BPF object file.
> >
> > But then, if one insists for some reason in generating BTF from the
> > DWARF in a BPF target object file, stripping .BTF.ext, if present, is
> > the right thing to do at this point.
> 
> I disagree. Those who insist probably have some wrong conceptual
> understanding and it's better to fix that (understanding), rather than
> lose focus and bend tool to do what it's not supposed to do and
> ultimately cause more confusion.

So we can instead notice the presence of .BTF.ext when the user calls
'pahole -J' on a target BPF object file and bail out, only allowing it
to convert from DWARF to BTF and thus encode the .BTF elf section when
.BTF.ext isn't present, as we can't easily figure out if the present of
just .BTF section was done by clang or pahole on a BTF target object
file built without -g.

- Arnaldo
 
> pahole's BTF conversion is really driven towards kernel use-case
> (e.g., with global variables, etc). I wouldn't distract ourselves with
> supporting de-duplicating BPF object files. Single .o's BTF is already
> deduplicated as produced by Clang. Once we add static linking of
> multiple BPF .o's (which I hope to start working on very soon), that
> de-duplication will be handled automatically by libbpf (and hopefully
> integrated into lld as well), among many other things that need to
> happen to make static linking work.
> 
> >
> > - Arnaldo
> >
> > > >
> > > > To demonstrate, on a recent check out of bpf-next:
> > > >     $ cp connect4_prog.o connect4_pahole.o
> > > >     $ pahole -J connect4_pahole.o
> > > >     $ llvm-objcopy-10 --dump-section .BTF=pahole-btf.bin
> > > > --dump-section .BTF.ext=pahole-btf-ext.bin connect4_pahole.o
> > > >     $ llvm-objcopy-10 --dump-section .BTF=btf.bin --dump-section
> > > > .BTF.ext=btf-ext.bin connect4_prog.o
> > > >     $ sha1sum *.bin
> > > >     1b5c7407dd9fd13f969931d32f6b864849e66a68  btf.bin
> > > >     4c43efcc86d3cd908ddc77c15fc4a35af38d842b  btf-ext.bin
> > > >     2a60767a3a037de66a8d963110601769fa0f198e  pahole-btf.bin
> > > >     4c43efcc86d3cd908ddc77c15fc4a35af38d842b  pahole-btf-ext.bin
> > > >
> > > > This problem crops up when compiling old kernels like 4.19 which have
> > > > an extra pahole
> > > > build step with clang-10.
> > >
> > > I was under impression that clang generates .BTF and .BTF.ext only for
> > > -target BPF. In this case, kernel is compiled for "real" target arch,
> > > so there shouldn't be .BTF.ext in the first place? If that's not the
> > > case, then I guess it's a bug in Clang.
> > >
> > > >
> > > > I think a possible fix is to strip .BTF.ext if .BTF is rewritten.
> > > >
> > > > Best
> > > > Lorenz
> > > >
> > > > --
> > > > Lorenz Bauer  |  Systems Engineer
> > > > 6th Floor, County Hall/The Riverside Building, SE1 7PB, UK
> > > >
> > > > www.cloudflare.com
> >
> > --
> >
> > - Arnaldo

-- 

- Arnaldo

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-24 11:05 Lorenz Bauer
     [not found] ` <CACAyw9-cinpz=U+8tjV-GMWuth71jrOYLQ05Q7_c34TCeMJxMg-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 16:06   ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
     [not found]     ` <20200624160659.GA20203-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 16:22       ` Lorenz Bauer
     [not found]         ` <CACAyw9-zLLDJ4vXo7jGS_XoYsiiv4c5NmUCjCnAf0eZBXU3dVA-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 17:23           ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
2020-06-24 17:05       ` Yonghong Song
2020-06-24 17:41   ` Andrii Nakryiko
     [not found]     ` <CAEf4BzbSc-wykq1_62CQwtszO+76rkudz_B=GkzE6ZheMUAusw-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 17:57       ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
     [not found]         ` <20200624175754.GD20203-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 18:40           ` Andrii Nakryiko
     [not found]             ` <CAEf4BzY8b71tE5B4rw5sfy=xajtgqUGHVaoHNf_YzVtQ9aLCBg-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 18:57               ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo [this message]
     [not found]                 ` <20200624185737.GA25807-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 19:06                   ` Andrii Nakryiko
     [not found]                     ` <CAEf4Bza=ZT1yZvoJNMK72pYm6VGwGp22detc7kgC_24OBt4-FA-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 19:11                       ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
     [not found]                         ` <20200624191159.GB25807-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-24 19:25                           ` Andrii Nakryiko
2020-06-25  9:25       ` Lorenz Bauer
     [not found]         ` <CACAyw98ojwGjQm+Xk+_-B8Ah-hEt-Tgv_LQ1BdH4yBLYgVwpiA-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-25 16:56           ` Andrii Nakryiko
     [not found]             ` <CAEf4BzYjge6fijFadwuuHf-vr2VUqneT5b0k-GgQSkLMTj=UAA-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2020-06-30 15:52               ` Lorenz Bauer

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