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From: "Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de, sandals@crustytoothpaste.net,
	steadmon@google.com, jrnieder@gmail.com, peff@peff.net,
	congdanhqx@gmail.com, phillip.wood123@gmail.com,
	emilyshaffer@google.com, sluongng@gmail.com,
	jonathantanmy@google.com,
	Derrick Stolee <derrickstolee@github.com>,
	Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 05/18] maintenance: add commit-graph task
Date: Thu, 23 Jul 2020 17:56:27 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <04552b1d2ed751a11eb7c50f6898cbc078b552b4.1595527000.git.gitgitgadget@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <pull.671.v2.git.1595527000.gitgitgadget@gmail.com>

From: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>

The first new task in the 'git maintenance' builtin is the
'commit-graph' job. It is based on the sequence of events in the
'commit-graph' job in Scalar [1]. This sequence is as follows:

1. git commit-graph write --reachable --split
2. git commit-graph verify --shallow
3. If the verify succeeds, stop.
4. Delete the commit-graph-chain file.
5. git commit-graph write --reachable --split

By writing an incremental commit-graph file using the "--split"
option we minimize the disruption from this operation. The default
behavior is to merge layers until the new "top" layer is less than
half the size of the layer below. This provides quick writes most
of the time, with the longer writes following a power law
distribution.

Most importantly, concurrent Git processes only look at the
commit-graph-chain file for a very short amount of time, so they
will verly likely not be holding a handle to the file when we try
to replace it. (This only matters on Windows.)

If a concurrent process reads the old commit-graph-chain file, but
our job expires some of the .graph files before they can be read,
then those processes will see a warning message (but not fail).
This could be avoided by a future update to use the --expire-time
argument when writing the commit-graph.

By using 'git commit-graph verify --shallow' we can ensure that
the file we just wrote is valid. This is an extra safety precaution
that is faster than our 'write' subcommand. In the rare situation
that the newest layer of the commit-graph is corrupt, we can "fix"
the corruption by deleting the commit-graph-chain file and rewrite
the full commit-graph as a new one-layer commit graph. This does
not completely prevent _that_ file from being corrupt, but it does
recompute the commit-graph by parsing commits from the object
database. In our use of this step in Scalar and VFS for Git, we
have only seen this issue arise because our microsoft/git fork
reverted 43d3561 ("commit-graph write: don't die if the existing
graph is corrupt" 2019-03-25) for a while to keep commit-graph
writes very fast. We dropped the revert when updating to v2.23.0.
The verify still has potential for catching corrupt data across
the layer boundary: if the new file has commit X with parent Y
in an old file but the commit ID for Y in the old file had a
bitswap, then we will notice that in the 'verify' command.

[1] https://github.com/microsoft/scalar/blob/master/Scalar.Common/Maintenance/CommitGraphStep.cs

Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
---
 Documentation/git-maintenance.txt | 18 ++++++++
 builtin/gc.c                      | 74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 commit-graph.c                    |  8 ++--
 commit-graph.h                    |  1 +
 t/t7900-maintenance.sh            |  2 +-
 5 files changed, 97 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt b/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
index 089fa4cedc..35b0be7d40 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
@@ -35,6 +35,24 @@ run::
 TASKS
 -----
 
+commit-graph::
+	The `commit-graph` job updates the `commit-graph` files incrementally,
+	then verifies that the written data is correct. If the new layer has an
+	issue, then the chain file is removed and the `commit-graph` is
+	rewritten from scratch.
++
+The verification only checks the top layer of the `commit-graph` chain.
+If the incremental write merged the new commits with at least one
+existing layer, then there is potential for on-disk corruption being
+carried forward into the new file. This will be noticed and the new
+commit-graph file will be clean as Git reparses the commit data from
+the object database.
++
+The incremental write is safe to run alongside concurrent Git processes
+since it will not expire `.graph` files that were in the previous
+`commit-graph-chain` file. They will be deleted by a later run based on
+the expiration delay.
+
 gc::
 	Cleanup unnecessary files and optimize the local repository. "GC"
 	stands for "garbage collection," but this task performs many
diff --git a/builtin/gc.c b/builtin/gc.c
index c28fb0b16d..2cd17398ec 100644
--- a/builtin/gc.c
+++ b/builtin/gc.c
@@ -700,7 +700,7 @@ int cmd_gc(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-#define MAX_NUM_TASKS 1
+#define MAX_NUM_TASKS 2
 
 static const char * const builtin_maintenance_usage[] = {
 	N_("git maintenance run [<options>]"),
@@ -712,6 +712,74 @@ static struct maintenance_opts {
 	int quiet;
 } opts;
 
+static int run_write_commit_graph(void)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct argv_array cmd = ARGV_ARRAY_INIT;
+
+	argv_array_pushl(&cmd, "commit-graph", "write",
+			 "--split", "--reachable", NULL);
+
+	if (opts.quiet)
+		argv_array_push(&cmd, "--no-progress");
+
+	result = run_command_v_opt(cmd.argv, RUN_GIT_CMD);
+	argv_array_clear(&cmd);
+
+	return result;
+}
+
+static int run_verify_commit_graph(void)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct argv_array cmd = ARGV_ARRAY_INIT;
+
+	argv_array_pushl(&cmd, "commit-graph", "verify",
+			 "--shallow", NULL);
+
+	if (opts.quiet)
+		argv_array_push(&cmd, "--no-progress");
+
+	result = run_command_v_opt(cmd.argv, RUN_GIT_CMD);
+	argv_array_clear(&cmd);
+
+	return result;
+}
+
+static int maintenance_task_commit_graph(void)
+{
+	struct repository *r = the_repository;
+	char *chain_path;
+
+	/* Skip commit-graph when --auto is specified. */
+	if (opts.auto_flag)
+		return 0;
+
+	close_object_store(r->objects);
+	if (run_write_commit_graph()) {
+		error(_("failed to write commit-graph"));
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	if (!run_verify_commit_graph())
+		return 0;
+
+	warning(_("commit-graph verify caught error, rewriting"));
+
+	chain_path = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(r->objects->odb);
+	if (unlink(chain_path)) {
+		UNLEAK(chain_path);
+		die(_("failed to remove commit-graph at %s"), chain_path);
+	}
+	free(chain_path);
+
+	if (!run_write_commit_graph())
+		return 0;
+
+	error(_("failed to rewrite commit-graph"));
+	return 1;
+}
+
 static int maintenance_task_gc(void)
 {
 	int result;
@@ -768,6 +836,10 @@ static void initialize_tasks(void)
 	tasks[num_tasks]->fn = maintenance_task_gc;
 	tasks[num_tasks]->enabled = 1;
 	num_tasks++;
+
+	tasks[num_tasks]->name = "commit-graph";
+	tasks[num_tasks]->fn = maintenance_task_commit_graph;
+	num_tasks++;
 }
 
 int cmd_maintenance(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
diff --git a/commit-graph.c b/commit-graph.c
index fdd1c4fa7c..57278a9ab5 100644
--- a/commit-graph.c
+++ b/commit-graph.c
@@ -172,7 +172,7 @@ static char *get_split_graph_filename(struct object_directory *odb,
 		       oid_hex);
 }
 
-static char *get_chain_filename(struct object_directory *odb)
+char *get_commit_graph_chain_filename(struct object_directory *odb)
 {
 	return xstrfmt("%s/info/commit-graphs/commit-graph-chain", odb->path);
 }
@@ -520,7 +520,7 @@ static struct commit_graph *load_commit_graph_chain(struct repository *r,
 	struct stat st;
 	struct object_id *oids;
 	int i = 0, valid = 1, count;
-	char *chain_name = get_chain_filename(odb);
+	char *chain_name = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(odb);
 	FILE *fp;
 	int stat_res;
 
@@ -1635,7 +1635,7 @@ static int write_commit_graph_file(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	}
 
 	if (ctx->split) {
-		char *lock_name = get_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
+		char *lock_name = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
 
 		hold_lock_file_for_update_mode(&lk, lock_name,
 					       LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR, 0444);
@@ -2012,7 +2012,7 @@ static void expire_commit_graphs(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	if (ctx->split_opts && ctx->split_opts->expire_time)
 		expire_time = ctx->split_opts->expire_time;
 	if (!ctx->split) {
-		char *chain_file_name = get_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
+		char *chain_file_name = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
 		unlink(chain_file_name);
 		free(chain_file_name);
 		ctx->num_commit_graphs_after = 0;
diff --git a/commit-graph.h b/commit-graph.h
index 28f89cdf3e..3c202748c3 100644
--- a/commit-graph.h
+++ b/commit-graph.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct commit;
 struct bloom_filter_settings;
 
 char *get_commit_graph_filename(struct object_directory *odb);
+char *get_commit_graph_chain_filename(struct object_directory *odb);
 int open_commit_graph(const char *graph_file, int *fd, struct stat *st);
 
 /*
diff --git a/t/t7900-maintenance.sh b/t/t7900-maintenance.sh
index e4e4036e50..216ac0b19e 100755
--- a/t/t7900-maintenance.sh
+++ b/t/t7900-maintenance.sh
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ test_expect_success 'help text' '
 	test_i18ngrep "usage: git maintenance run" err
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'gc [--auto|--quiet]' '
+test_expect_success 'run [--auto|--quiet]' '
 	GIT_TRACE2_EVENT="$(pwd)/run-no-auto.txt" git maintenance run --no-quiet &&
 	GIT_TRACE2_EVENT="$(pwd)/run-auto.txt" git maintenance run --auto &&
 	GIT_TRACE2_EVENT="$(pwd)/run-quiet.txt" git maintenance run --quiet &&
-- 
gitgitgadget


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-07-23 17:56 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 164+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-07 14:21 [PATCH 00/21] Maintenance builtin, allowing 'gc --auto' customization Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 01/21] gc: use the_repository less often Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 02/21] gc: use repository in too_many_loose_objects() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 03/21] gc: use repo config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 04/21] gc: drop the_repository in log location Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-09  2:22   ` Jonathan Tan
2020-07-09 11:13     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 05/21] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 06/21] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 07/21] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 08/21] maintenance: initialize task array and hashmap Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-09  2:25   ` Jonathan Tan
2020-07-09 13:15     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-09 13:51       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 09/21] maintenance: add commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-09  2:29   ` Jonathan Tan
2020-07-09 11:14     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-09 22:52       ` Jeff King
2020-07-09 23:41         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 10/21] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 11/21] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 12/21] maintenance: add fetch task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-09  2:35   ` Jonathan Tan
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 13/21] maintenance: add loose-objects task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 14/21] maintenance: add pack-files task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 15/21] maintenance: auto-size pack-files batch Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 16/21] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 17/21] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 18/21] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 19/21] maintenance: create auto condition for loose-objects Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 20/21] maintenance: add pack-files auto condition Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-07 14:21 ` [PATCH 21/21] midx: use start_delayed_progress() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-08 23:57 ` [PATCH 00/21] Maintenance builtin, allowing 'gc --auto' customization Emily Shaffer
2020-07-09 11:21   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-09 12:43     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-09 23:16       ` Jeff King
2020-07-09 23:45         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-10 18:46           ` Emily Shaffer
2020-07-10 19:30             ` Son Luong Ngoc
2020-07-09 14:05     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-09 15:54       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-09 16:26         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-09 16:56           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-23 17:56 ` [PATCH v2 00/18] " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 01/18] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-25  1:26     ` Taylor Blau
2020-07-25  1:47     ` Đoàn Trần Công Danh
2020-07-29 22:19     ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-07-30 13:12       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-31  0:30         ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-03 17:37           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-03 17:46             ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-03 22:46               ` Taylor Blau
2020-08-03 23:01                 ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-03 23:08                   ` Taylor Blau
2020-08-03 23:17                     ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-04  0:07                       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-04 13:32                       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-04 14:42                         ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-04 16:32                           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-04 17:02                             ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-04 17:51                               ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-05 15:02               ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-31 16:40         ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-03 23:52         ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 02/18] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 03/18] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 20:21     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-25  1:33       ` Taylor Blau
2020-07-30 13:29       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-30 13:31         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-30 19:00           ` Eric Sunshine
2020-07-30 20:21             ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 04/18] maintenance: initialize task array Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 19:57     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-24 12:23       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 12:51         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 19:39           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-25  1:46           ` Taylor Blau
2020-07-29 22:19     ` Emily Shaffer
2020-07-23 17:56   ` Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget [this message]
2020-07-23 20:22     ` [PATCH v2 05/18] maintenance: add commit-graph task Junio C Hamano
2020-07-24 13:09       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 19:47         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-25  1:52           ` Taylor Blau
2020-07-30 13:59             ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-29  0:22     ` Jeff King
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 06/18] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 20:21     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-23 22:18       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-24 13:36       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 19:50         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 07/18] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 08/18] maintenance: add prefetch task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 20:53     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-24 14:25       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 20:47         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-25  1:37     ` Đoàn Trần Công Danh
2020-07-25  1:48       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-27 14:07         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-27 16:13           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-27 18:27             ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-28 16:37               ` [PATCH v2] fetch: optionally allow disabling FETCH_HEAD update Junio C Hamano
2020-07-29  9:12                 ` Phillip Wood
2020-07-29  9:17                   ` Phillip Wood
2020-07-30 15:17                 ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 09/18] maintenance: add loose-objects task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 20:59     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-24 14:50       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 19:57         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-29 22:21     ` Emily Shaffer
2020-07-30 15:38       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 10/18] maintenance: add incremental-repack task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 22:00     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-24 15:03       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-29 22:22     ` Emily Shaffer
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 11/18] maintenance: auto-size incremental-repack batch Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 22:15     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-23 23:09       ` Eric Sunshine
2020-07-23 23:24         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-24 16:09           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 19:51       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-24 20:17         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-29 22:23     ` Emily Shaffer
2020-07-30 16:57       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-30 19:02         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-30 19:24           ` Chris Torek
2020-08-05 12:37           ` Đoàn Trần Công Danh
2020-08-06 13:54             ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 12/18] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 13/18] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 14/18] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 15/18] maintenance: create auto condition for loose-objects Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 16/18] maintenance: add incremental-repack auto condition Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 17/18] midx: use start_delayed_progress() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-23 17:56   ` [PATCH v2 18/18] maintenance: add trace2 regions for task execution Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-29 22:03   ` [PATCH v2 00/18] Maintenance builtin, allowing 'gc --auto' customization Emily Shaffer
2020-07-30 22:24   ` [PATCH v3 00/20] " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 01/20] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 02/20] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 03/20] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 04/20] maintenance: initialize task array Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 05/20] maintenance: add commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 06/20] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 07/20] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 08/20] fetch: optionally allow disabling FETCH_HEAD update Junio C Hamano via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 09/20] maintenance: add prefetch task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 10/20] maintenance: add loose-objects task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 11/20] midx: enable core.multiPackIndex by default Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 12/20] maintenance: add incremental-repack task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 13/20] maintenance: auto-size incremental-repack batch Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 23:36       ` Chris Torek
2020-08-03 17:43         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 14/20] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 15/20] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 16/20] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 17/20] maintenance: create auto condition for loose-objects Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 18/20] maintenance: add incremental-repack auto condition Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 19/20] midx: use start_delayed_progress() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 22:24     ` [PATCH v3 20/20] maintenance: add trace2 regions for task execution Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-07-30 23:06     ` [PATCH v3 00/20] Maintenance builtin, allowing 'gc --auto' customization Junio C Hamano
2020-07-30 23:31     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-31  2:58       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-06 17:58     ` Derrick Stolee

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