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From: Derrick Stolee <stolee@gmail.com>
To: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>,
	Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>
Cc: git@vger.kernel.org, sandals@crustytoothpaste.net,
	steadmon@google.com, jrnieder@gmail.com, peff@peff.net,
	congdanhqx@gmail.com, phillip.wood123@gmail.com,
	sluongng@gmail.com, jonathantanmy@google.com,
	Derrick Stolee <derrickstolee@github.com>,
	Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 3/9] maintenance: add loose-objects task
Date: Thu, 13 Aug 2020 21:46:37 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <0fd9d838-657f-448a-f09b-6e431aebdf69@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200812231053.GI2965447@google.com>

On 8/12/2020 7:10 PM, Emily Shaffer wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 06, 2020 at 04:30:18PM +0000, Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget wrote:
> 
>> diff --git a/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt b/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
>> index bb0d5eded4..898aff4726 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
>> @@ -80,6 +80,17 @@ gc::
>>  	It can also be disruptive in some situations, as it deletes stale
>>  	data.
>>  
>> +loose-objects::
>> +	The `loose-objects` job cleans up loose objects and places them into
>> +	pack-files. In order to prevent race conditions with concurrent Git
>> +	commands, it follows a two-step process. First, it deletes any loose
>> +	objects that already exist in a pack-file; concurrent Git processes
>> +	will examine the pack-file for the object data instead of the loose
>> +	object. Second, it creates a new pack-file (starting with "loose-")
>> +	containing a batch of loose objects. The batch size is limited to 50
>> +	thousand objects to prevent the job from taking too long on a
>> +	repository with many loose objects.
> 
> [emily] What's not said is what happens to loose-* packfile. Does this
> get repacked and disappear, is it treated differently, etc?
> [jonathantan] This is treated the same as any other pack. Is there a
> reason to call it loose-*?

Auditing, mostly. When working with repositories that have
multiple pack-files as a rule, it is helpful to know what "kind"
of pack-file they are. I almost added a "repacked-" prefix to
the packs produced by 'git multi-pack-index repack'. It helps
to distinguish "reprocessed" data from "I got this from a 'clone'
or 'fetch'."

Of course, as these pack-files are repacked later, the prefixes
will get dropped. The name does give us some help when performing
diagnostics on a misbehaving repository. A pack directory filled
with many "loose-*.pack" files indicates that the 'loose-objects'
step was run many times without either 'gc' or 'incremental-repack'
coalescing those packs with delta compression.

> [jrnieder] It seems like unreachable objects will get stuck going in and
> out of this pack, right? unreachable loose obj -> loose-*.pack ->
> repack, unreachable becomes loose -> repeat

This is a good point. This task would probably interact poorly with
the 'gc' task in that regard. They are not intended to both be
enabled at the same time, but it might be good to point that out
directly in the documentation.

How does this sound?

 The `gc` task writes unreachable objects as loose objects to
 be cleaned up by a later step only if they are not re-added to
 a pack-file; for this reason it is not advisable to enable both
 the `loose-objects` and `gc` tasks at the same time.

>> +static int prune_packed(struct maintenance_opts *opts)
>> +{
>> +	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
>> +
>> +	child.git_cmd = 1;
>> +	strvec_push(&child.args, "prune-packed");
>> +
>> +	if (opts->quiet)
>> +		strvec_push(&child.args, "--quiet");
>> +
>> +	return !!run_command(&child);

> [emily] Why not report the error code here to the caller? Is there a
> path to notify user of errors that require user intervention?
> [jrnieder] Some errors might be expected and some might not, so should
> we handle them differently?
> [emily] Probably makes more sense to revisit this in the far future when
> we teach 'git maintenance' to send us emails and flashing lights when
> our jobs fail, instead of worrying about it now :)
> [jrnieder] Imagine if we got exit 127 because the usage we are using is
> wrong - in that case, for example, we would want to BUG()

I was previously returning the exact error code, but received
feedback that these internal methods should have simpler return
values [1].

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/git/xmqq4kpyq8wh.fsf@gitster.c.googlers.com/

>> +static int write_loose_object_to_stdin(const struct object_id *oid,
>> +				       const char *path,
>> +				       void *data)
>> +{
>> +	struct write_loose_object_data *d = (struct write_loose_object_data *)data;

> [jrnieder] Since we are enlightened C developers, not C++ developers,
> you can skip the explicit cast.

Hm. I definitely _could_ but don't really want to. Perhaps I'm just
being pedantic, but I was just talking to someone today off-list that
they were disappointed that they couldn't compile Git in a C++ compiler
mainly because of these kinds of casting issues.

I was surprised the word "cast" does not appear anywhere in the
CodingGuidelines, because if this is a convention we want to follow,
then I have definitely been violating it for a *while*.
 
>> +++ b/t/t7900-maintenance.sh
>> @@ -83,4 +83,43 @@ test_expect_success 'prefetch multiple remotes' '
>>  	git log prefetch/remote2/two
>>  '
>>  
>> +test_expect_success 'loose-objects task' '

> [jrnieder] Unrelated to this change, this test makes me sad that we
> don't have better low-level test helpers to enable this kind of testing.> Makes me wish for something better :)

Do you mean you wish we had helpers for getting a repo
into a certain state of its object database? Or somehow
mocking the object database in-memory to provide more
unit-level testing? I don't understand what "something
better" looks like.

>> +	# Repack everything so we know the state of the object dir
>> +	git repack -adk &&
>> +
>> +	# Hack to stop maintenance from running during "git commit"
>> +	echo in use >.git/objects/maintenance.lock &&
>> +
>> +	# Assuming that "git commit" creates at least one loose object
>> +	test_commit create-loose-object &&
>> +	rm .git/objects/maintenance.lock &&
>> +
>> +	ls .git/objects >obj-dir-before &&
>> +	test_file_not_empty obj-dir-before &&
>> +	ls .git/objects/pack/*.pack >packs-before &&
>> +	test_line_count = 1 packs-before &&
>> +
>> +	# The first run creates a pack-file
>> +	# but does not delete loose objects.
>> +	git maintenance run --task=loose-objects &&
>> +	ls .git/objects >obj-dir-between &&
>> +	test_cmp obj-dir-before obj-dir-between &&
>> +	ls .git/objects/pack/*.pack >packs-between &&
>> +	test_line_count = 2 packs-between &&
>> +	ls .git/objects/pack/loose-*.pack >loose-packs &&
>> +	test_line_count = 1 loose-packs &&
>> +
>> +	# The second run deletes loose objects
>> +	# but does not create a pack-file.
>> +	git maintenance run --task=loose-objects &&
>> +	ls .git/objects >obj-dir-after &&
>> +	cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
>> +	info
>> +	pack
>> +	EOF
>> +	test_cmp expect obj-dir-after &&
>> +	ls .git/objects/pack/*.pack >packs-after &&
>> +	test_cmp packs-between packs-after
>> +'
>> +
> 


  reply	other threads:[~2020-08-14  1:46 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 66+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-06 16:30 [PATCH 0/9] Maintenance II: prefetch, loose-objects, incremental-repack tasks Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 1/9] fetch: optionally allow disabling FETCH_HEAD update Junio C Hamano via GitGitGadget
2020-08-12 23:10   ` Emily Shaffer
2020-08-13  0:03     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-13  1:45       ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-13  4:37       ` [PATCH v3] " Junio C Hamano
2020-08-14  1:13         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-14  1:32           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 2/9] maintenance: add prefetch task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-12 23:10   ` Emily Shaffer
2020-08-14  1:28     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 3/9] maintenance: add loose-objects task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-12 23:10   ` Emily Shaffer
2020-08-14  1:46     ` Derrick Stolee [this message]
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 4/9] maintenance: create auto condition for loose-objects Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 5/9] midx: enable core.multiPackIndex by default Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 6/9] midx: use start_delayed_progress() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 7/9] maintenance: add incremental-repack task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 8/9] maintenance: auto-size incremental-repack batch Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 17:02   ` Son Luong Ngoc
2020-08-06 18:13     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-06 16:30 ` [PATCH 9/9] maintenance: add incremental-repack auto condition Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25 ` [PATCH v2 0/9] Maintenance II: prefetch, loose-objects, incremental-repack tasks Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 1/9] fetch: optionally allow disabling FETCH_HEAD update Junio C Hamano via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 2/9] maintenance: add prefetch task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 3/9] maintenance: add loose-objects task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 4/9] maintenance: create auto condition for loose-objects Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 5/9] midx: enable core.multiPackIndex by default Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 6/9] midx: use start_delayed_progress() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 7/9] maintenance: add incremental-repack task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 8/9] maintenance: auto-size incremental-repack batch Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:25   ` [PATCH v2 9/9] maintenance: add incremental-repack auto condition Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:36   ` [PATCH v3 0/8] Maintenance II: prefetch, loose-objects, incremental-repack tasks Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 1/8] maintenance: add prefetch task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-22 23:05       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 2/8] maintenance: add loose-objects task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-22 23:09       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-09-24 13:45         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 3/8] maintenance: create auto condition for loose-objects Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-22 23:15       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-09-24 13:51         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 4/8] midx: enable core.multiPackIndex by default Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-22 23:16       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-09-24 13:53         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 5/8] midx: use start_delayed_progress() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 6/8] maintenance: add incremental-repack task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-22 23:26       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-09-24 14:05         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-09-24 22:01           ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 7/8] maintenance: auto-size incremental-repack batch Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:36     ` [PATCH v3 8/8] maintenance: add incremental-repack auto condition Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-22 23:52       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-25 20:59     ` [PATCH v3 0/8] Maintenance II: prefetch, loose-objects, incremental-repack tasks Junio C Hamano
2020-08-26 15:15     ` Son Luong Ngoc
2020-08-26 16:21       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-09-25 12:33     ` [PATCH v4 " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 1/8] maintenance: add prefetch task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 2/8] maintenance: add loose-objects task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 3/8] maintenance: create auto condition for loose-objects Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 18:00         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-25 18:43           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 4/8] midx: enable core.multiPackIndex by default Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 5/8] midx: use start_delayed_progress() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 6/8] maintenance: add incremental-repack task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 7/8] maintenance: auto-size incremental-repack batch Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-25 12:33       ` [PATCH v4 8/8] maintenance: add incremental-repack auto condition Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget

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