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From: Adam Dinwoodie <adam@dinwoodie.org>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: RyotaK <security@ryotak.me>,
	Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
Subject: [PATCH] cygwin: disallow backslashes in file names
Date: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 21:11:44 +0100
Message-ID: <20210429201144.8936-1-adam@dinwoodie.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210424212117.6165-1-adam@dinwoodie.org>

The backslash character is not a valid part of a file name on Windows.
If, in Windows, Git attempts to write a file that has a backslash
character in the filename, it will be incorrectly interpreted as a
directory separator.

This caused CVE-2019-1354 in MinGW, as this behaviour can be manipulated
to cause the checkout to write to files it ought not write to, such as
adding code to the .git/hooks directory.  This was fixed by e1d911dd4c
(mingw: disallow backslash characters in tree objects' file names,
2019-09-12).  However, the vulnerability also exists in Cygwin: while
Cygwin mostly provides a POSIX-like path system, it will still interpret
a backslash as a directory separator.

To avoid this vulnerability, CVE-2021-29468, extend the previous fix to
also apply to Cygwin.

Similarly, extend the test case added by the previous version of the
commit.  The test suite doesn't have an easy way to say "run this test
if in MinGW or Cygwin", so add a new test prerequisite that covers both.

As well as checking behaviour in the presence of paths containing
backslashes, the existing test also checks behaviour in the presence of
paths that differ only by the presence of a trailing ".".  MinGW follows
normal Windows application behaviour and treats them as the same path,
but Cygwin more closely emulates *nix systems (at the expense of
compatibility with native Windows applications) and will create and
distinguish between such paths.  Gate the relevant bit of that test
accordingly.

Reported-by: RyotaK <security@ryotak.me>
Helped-by: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
Signed-off-by: Adam Dinwoodie <adam@dinwoodie.org>
---
 read-cache.c               |  2 +-
 t/test-lib.sh              |  2 ++
 t/t7415-submodule-names.sh | 13 ++++++++-----
 3 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/read-cache.c b/read-cache.c
index 5a907af2fb..b6c13bc04e 100644
--- a/read-cache.c
+++ b/read-cache.c
@@ -985,7 +985,7 @@ int verify_path(const char *path, unsigned mode)
 				}
 			}
 			if (protect_ntfs) {
-#ifdef GIT_WINDOWS_NATIVE
+#if defined GIT_WINDOWS_NATIVE || defined __CYGWIN__
 				if (c == '\\')
 					return 0;
 #endif
diff --git a/t/test-lib.sh b/t/test-lib.sh
index d3f6af6a65..e84b8c87f9 100644
--- a/t/test-lib.sh
+++ b/t/test-lib.sh
@@ -1457,14 +1457,16 @@ case $uname_s in
 	test_set_prereq NATIVE_CRLF
 	test_set_prereq SED_STRIPS_CR
 	test_set_prereq GREP_STRIPS_CR
+	test_set_prereq WINDOWS
 	GIT_TEST_CMP=mingw_test_cmp
 	;;
 *CYGWIN*)
 	test_set_prereq POSIXPERM
 	test_set_prereq EXECKEEPSPID
 	test_set_prereq CYGWIN
 	test_set_prereq SED_STRIPS_CR
 	test_set_prereq GREP_STRIPS_CR
+	test_set_prereq WINDOWS
 	;;
 *)
 	test_set_prereq POSIXPERM
diff --git a/t/t7415-submodule-names.sh b/t/t7415-submodule-names.sh
index f70368bc2e..6bf098a6be 100755
--- a/t/t7415-submodule-names.sh
+++ b/t/t7415-submodule-names.sh
@@ -191,7 +191,7 @@ test_expect_success 'fsck detects corrupt .gitmodules' '
 	)
 '
 
-test_expect_success MINGW 'prevent git~1 squatting on Windows' '
+test_expect_success WINDOWS 'prevent git~1 squatting on Windows' '
 	git init squatting &&
 	(
 		cd squatting &&
@@ -219,10 +219,13 @@ test_expect_success MINGW 'prevent git~1 squatting on Windows' '
 		test_tick &&
 		git -c core.protectNTFS=false commit -m "module"
 	) &&
-	test_must_fail git -c core.protectNTFS=false \
-		clone --recurse-submodules squatting squatting-clone 2>err &&
-	test_i18ngrep -e "directory not empty" -e "not an empty directory" err &&
-	! grep gitdir squatting-clone/d/a/git~2
+	if test_have_prereq MINGW
+	then
+		test_must_fail git -c core.protectNTFS=false \
+			clone --recurse-submodules squatting squatting-clone 2>err &&
+		test_i18ngrep -e "directory not empty" -e "not an empty directory" err &&
+		! grep gitdir squatting-clone/d/a/git~2
+	fi
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'git dirs of sibling submodules must not be nested' '
-- 
2.31.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-24 21:21 [RFC PATCH] " Adam Dinwoodie
2021-04-25  2:22 ` Johannes Schindelin
     [not found]   ` <CA+kUOan3vk1zJezpieRhKwZ8gsYrCxDBefkXJ1fUC61O+gb12A@mail.gmail.com>
2021-04-27 19:22     ` Adam Dinwoodie
2021-04-28  0:27       ` Johannes Schindelin
2021-04-29 20:11 ` Adam Dinwoodie [this message]
2021-04-30  0:48   ` [PATCH] " Junio C Hamano

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