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From: Derrick Stolee <stolee@gmail.com>
To: Danial Alihosseini <danial.alihosseini@gmail.com>
Cc: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>, Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>,
	git@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: git 2.34.0: Behavior of `**` in gitignore is different from previous versions.
Date: Fri, 19 Nov 2021 09:51:12 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <72fffbff-16f7-fa17-b212-67aae9e1b034@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CACLOEFbY3LwMa2uhc=9jmcGFf0mvWzEM=YityLyFcuGWXVmqbw@mail.gmail.com>

On 11/18/2021 11:01 PM, Danial Alihosseini wrote:
> Thanks for your follow-up.
> 
> I wanted to ignore all files in the "data" folder except ".txt" ones.
> 
> As mentioned in the gitignore doc, there should be a difference
> between "**" and "**/".
> 
>> A trailing "/**" matches everything inside. For example, "abc/**" matches all files inside directory "abc", relative to the location of the .gitignore file, with infinite depth.
> 
> and,
>>
>> A slash followed by two consecutive asterisks then a slash matches zero or more directories. For example, "a/**/b" matches "a/b", "a/x/b", "a/x/y/b" and so on.
> 
> and also,
>>
>> It is not possible to re-include a file if a parent directory of that file is excluded.

So this is the key point of why you can't just omit the !data/**/
line.

What is unclear to me is what exactly "match a directory" means.
If we ignore a directory, then we ignore everything inside it (until
another pattern says we should care about it), but the converse
should also hold: if we have a pattern like "!data/**/", then that
should mean "include everything inside data/<A>/ where <A> is any
directory name".

My inability to form a mental model where the existing behavior
matches the documented specification is an indicator that this was
changed erroneously. A revert patch is included at the end of this
message.

If anyone could help clarify my understanding here, then maybe
there is room for improving the documentation.

> So, I excluded all files by "data/**", re-included just directories
> (at any depth) by "!data/**/" and, re-included ".txt" files (at any
> depth) by "!data/**/*.txt".
> However, if I wanted to re-include a directory and all of its
> contents, I could use something like "!data/data1/**", without
> trailing slash.
> As I see, there is no separation between "**" and "**/" in the current version.
> 
> I think there is another point that the previous behavior test case
> should be like this:
> test_expect_success 'directories and ** matches' '
>     cat >.gitignore <<-\EOF &&
>     data/**
>     !data/**/
>     !data/**/*.txt
>     EOF
>     git check-ignore file \
>         data/file data/data1/file1 data/data1/file1.txt \
>         data/data2/file2 data/data2/file2.txt >actual &&
>     cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
>     data/file
>     data/data1/file1
>     data/data2/file2
>     EOF
>     test_cmp expect actual
> '

Thank you for seeing my poorly-edited test and understanding
what it _should_ have been.

Here is a revert including this new test. I further tested
with the Scalar functional tests [1] to see if I could find
what I was thinking when making this original change. Since
this is so similar to another revert we caught before the
2.34.0 release, I regret not checking adjacent commits for
a similar "reverting does not affect the test suite" case.

---- >8 ----

From f833967da83ecd51090ebb75a4b8173a775d16f1 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
Date: Fri, 19 Nov 2021 09:13:49 -0500
Subject: [PATCH] dir: revert "dir: select directories correctly"

This reverts commit f6526728f950cacfd5b5e42bcc65f2c47f3da654.

The change in f652672 (dir: select directories correctly, 2021-09-24)
caused a regression in directory-based matches with non-cone-mode
patterns, especially for .gitignore patterns. A test is included to
prevent this regression in the future.

The commit ed495847 (dir: fix pattern matching on dirs, 2021-09-24) was
reverted in 5ceb663 (dir: fix directory-matching bug, 2021-11-02) for
similar reasons. Neither commit changed tests, and tests added later in
the series continue to pass when these commits are reverted.

Reported-by: Danial Alihosseini <danial.alihosseini@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
---
 dir.c              | 54 +++++-----------------------------------------
 t/t0008-ignores.sh | 17 +++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)

diff --git a/dir.c b/dir.c
index 9ea6cfe61c..86afa2eae0 100644
--- a/dir.c
+++ b/dir.c
@@ -1303,44 +1303,6 @@ int match_pathname(const char *pathname, int pathlen,
 				 WM_PATHNAME) == 0;
 }
 
-static int path_matches_dir_pattern(const char *pathname,
-				    int pathlen,
-				    struct strbuf **path_parent,
-				    int *dtype,
-				    struct path_pattern *pattern,
-				    struct index_state *istate)
-{
-	if (!*path_parent) {
-		char *slash;
-		CALLOC_ARRAY(*path_parent, 1);
-		strbuf_add(*path_parent, pathname, pathlen);
-		slash = find_last_dir_sep((*path_parent)->buf);
-
-		if (slash)
-			strbuf_setlen(*path_parent, slash - (*path_parent)->buf);
-		else
-			strbuf_setlen(*path_parent, 0);
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * If the parent directory matches the pattern, then we do not
-	 * need to check for dtype.
-	 */
-	if ((*path_parent)->len &&
-	    match_pathname((*path_parent)->buf, (*path_parent)->len,
-			   pattern->base,
-			   pattern->baselen ? pattern->baselen - 1 : 0,
-			   pattern->pattern, pattern->nowildcardlen,
-			   pattern->patternlen, pattern->flags))
-		return 1;
-
-	*dtype = resolve_dtype(*dtype, istate, pathname, pathlen);
-	if (*dtype != DT_DIR)
-		return 0;
-
-	return 1;
-}
-
 /*
  * Scan the given exclude list in reverse to see whether pathname
  * should be ignored.  The first match (i.e. the last on the list), if
@@ -1356,7 +1318,6 @@ static struct path_pattern *last_matching_pattern_from_list(const char *pathname
 {
 	struct path_pattern *res = NULL; /* undecided */
 	int i;
-	struct strbuf *path_parent = NULL;
 
 	if (!pl->nr)
 		return NULL;	/* undefined */
@@ -1366,10 +1327,11 @@ static struct path_pattern *last_matching_pattern_from_list(const char *pathname
 		const char *exclude = pattern->pattern;
 		int prefix = pattern->nowildcardlen;
 
-		if (pattern->flags & PATTERN_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR &&
-		    !path_matches_dir_pattern(pathname, pathlen, &path_parent,
-					      dtype, pattern, istate))
-			continue;
+		if (pattern->flags & PATTERN_FLAG_MUSTBEDIR) {
+			*dtype = resolve_dtype(*dtype, istate, pathname, pathlen);
+			if (*dtype != DT_DIR)
+				continue;
+		}
 
 		if (pattern->flags & PATTERN_FLAG_NODIR) {
 			if (match_basename(basename,
@@ -1393,12 +1355,6 @@ static struct path_pattern *last_matching_pattern_from_list(const char *pathname
 			break;
 		}
 	}
-
-	if (path_parent) {
-		strbuf_release(path_parent);
-		free(path_parent);
-	}
-
 	return res;
 }
 
diff --git a/t/t0008-ignores.sh b/t/t0008-ignores.sh
index 46a5038fed..fce7c7b408 100755
--- a/t/t0008-ignores.sh
+++ b/t/t0008-ignores.sh
@@ -828,6 +828,23 @@ test_expect_success 'exact prefix matching (without root)' '
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'directories and ** matches' '
+	cat >.gitignore <<-\EOF &&
+	data/**
+	!data/**/
+	!data/**/*.txt
+	EOF
+	git check-ignore file \
+		data/file data/data1/file1 data/data1/file1.txt \
+		data/data2/file2 data/data2/file2.txt >actual &&
+	cat >expect <<-\EOF &&
+	data/file
+	data/data1/file1
+	data/data2/file2
+	EOF
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
 ############################################################################
 #
 # test whitespace handling
-- 
2.34.0.dirty


  reply	other threads:[~2021-11-19 14:51 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 13+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-11-18 16:41 Danial Alihosseini
2021-11-18 17:04 ` Jeff King
2021-11-18 22:09   ` Derrick Stolee
2021-11-19  4:01     ` Danial Alihosseini
2021-11-19 14:51       ` Derrick Stolee [this message]
2021-11-19 17:06         ` Danial Alihosseini
2021-11-19 20:05         ` Johannes Sixt
2021-11-19 20:33           ` Derrick Stolee
2021-11-19 20:57             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-11-20 22:41             ` Chris Torek
2021-11-21  0:46               ` Junio C Hamano
2021-11-23 12:21                 ` Philip Oakley
2021-11-23 21:13                   ` Danial Alihosseini

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