archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Emily Shaffer <>
To: ZheNing Hu <>
Cc: "Git List" <>,
	"Derrick Stolee" <>,
	"Junio C Hamano" <>,
	"Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason" <>,
	"Johannes Schindelin" <>,
	"Victoria Dye" <>,
	"Elijah Newren" <>
Subject: Re: Question relate to collaboration on git monorepo
Date: Tue, 20 Sep 2022 11:53:29 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Tue, Sep 20, 2022 at 5:42 AM ZheNing Hu <> wrote:
> Hey, guys,
> If two users of git monorepo are working on different sub project
> /project1 and /project2 by partial-clone and sparse-checkout ,
> if user one push first, then user two want to push too, he must
> pull some blob which pushed by user one. I guess their repo size
> will gradually increase by other's project's objects, so is there any way
> to delete unnecessary blobs out of working project (sparse-checkout
> filterspec), or just git pull don't really fetch these unnecessary blobs?

This is exactly what the combination of partial clone and sparse
checkout is for!

Dev A is working on project1/, and excludes project2/ from her sparse
filter; she also cloned with `--filter=blob:none`.
Dev B is working on project2/, and excludes project1/ from his sparse
filter, and similarly  is using blob:none partial clone filter.

Assuming everybody is contributing by direct push, and not using a
code review tool or something else which handles the push for them...
Dev A finishes first, and pushes.
Dev B needs to pull, like you say - but during that pull he doesn't
need to fetch the objects in project1, because they're excluded by the
combination of his partial clone filter and his sparse checkout
pattern. The pull needs to happen because there is a new commit which
Dev B's commit needs to treat as a parent, and so Dev B's client needs
to know the ID of that commit.

> The large number of interruptions in git push may be another
> problem, if thousands of probjects are in one monorepo, and
> no one else has any code that would conflict with me in any way,
> but I need pull everytime? Is there a way to make improvements
> here?

The typical improvement people make here is to use some form of
automation or tooling to perform the push and merge for them. That
usually falls to the code review tool. We can call the history like
this: "S" is the source commit which both A and B branched from, and
"A" and "B" are the commits by their respective owners. Because of the
order of push, we want the final commit history to look like "S -> A
-> B". Dev A's local history looks like "S -> A" and Dev B's local
history looks like "S -> B".

If we're using the GitHub PR model, then GitHub may do merge commits
for us, and it creates those merge commits automatically at the time
someone pushes "Merge PR" (or whatever the button is called). So our
history probably looks like:
o  (merge B)
|   \
o   |  (merge A)
|\  |
| | B
| A |
| / /

In this case, neither A or B need to know about each other, because
the merge commit is being created by the code review tool.

With tooling like Gerrit, or other tooling that uses the rebase
strategy (rather than merge), pretty much the same thing happens -
both devs can push without knowing about their own commit because the
review tool's automation performs the rebase (that is, the "git pull"
you described) for them.

But if you're not using tooling, yeah, Dev B needs to know which
commit should come before his own commit, so he needs to fetch latest
history, even though the only changes are from Dev A who was working
somewhere else in the monorepo.

> Here's an example of how two users constrain each other when git push.
> #!/bin/sh
> rm -rf mono-repo
> git init mono-repo -b main
> (
>   cd mono-repo
>   mkdir project1
>   mkdir project2
>   for ((i=0;i<10;i++))
>   do
>     echo $i >> project1/file1
>     echo $i >> project2/file2
>   done
>   git add .
>   git commit -m init
> )
> rm -rf mono-repo.git
> git clone --bare mono-repo
> # user1
> rm -rf m1
> git clone --filter="blob:none" --no-checkout --no-local ./mono-repo.git m1
> (
>   cd m1
>   git sparse-checkout set project1
>   git checkout main
>   for ((i=0;i<10;i++))
>   do
>     echo "data1-$i" >> project1/file1
>     git add .
>     git commit -m "c1 $i"
>   done
> )
> # user2
> rm -rf m2
> git clone --filter="blob:none" --no-checkout --no-local ./mono-repo.git m2
> (
>   cd m2
>   git sparse-checkout set project2
>   git checkout main
>   for ((i=0;i<10;i++))
>   do
>     echo "data2-$i" >> project2/file2
>     git add .
>     git commit -m "c2 $i"
>   done
> )
> # user1 push
> (
>   cd m1
>   git push
> )
> # user2 push failed, then pull user1's blob
> (
>   cd m2
>   git cat-file --batch-check --batch-all-objects | grep blob | wc -l >
> blob_count1
>   git push
>   git -c pull.rebase=false pull --no-edit #no conflict
>   git cat-file --batch-check --batch-all-objects | grep blob | wc -l >
> blob_count2
>   diff blob_count1 blob_count2
> )
> --
> ZheNing Hu

  reply	other threads:[~2022-09-20 18:53 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-09-20 12:42 Question relate to collaboration on git monorepo ZheNing Hu
2022-09-20 18:53 ` Emily Shaffer [this message]
2022-09-21 15:22   ` ZheNing Hu
2022-09-21 23:36     ` Elijah Newren
2022-09-22 14:24       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-09-22 15:20         ` Emily Shaffer
2022-09-23  2:08           ` Elijah Newren
2022-09-23 15:46         ` Junio C Hamano
2022-09-23 18:11           ` Derrick Stolee
2022-09-23 14:31       ` ZheNing Hu
2022-09-21  1:47 ` Elijah Newren
2022-09-21 15:42   ` ZheNing Hu

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to='' \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link
Be sure your reply has a Subject: header at the top and a blank line before the message body.
This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).