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From: Patrick Steinhardt <ps@pks.im>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Simon Ruderich" <simon@ruderich.org>,
	"Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason" <avarab@gmail.com>,
	"Junio C Hamano" <gitster@pobox.com>, "Jeff King" <peff@peff.net>,
	"brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>,
	"Philip Oakley" <philipoakley@iee.email>
Subject: [PATCH v7 8/8] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs
Date: Mon, 11 Jan 2021 09:37:16 +0100
Message-ID: <ac9e7787049d673c3227437660140f0f6de7e1cf.1610353895.git.ps@pks.im> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cover.1610353895.git.ps@pks.im>


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While we currently have the `GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS` environment variable
which can be used to pass runtime configuration data to git processes,
it's an internal implementation detail and not supposed to be used by
end users.

Next to being for internal use only, this way of passing config entries
has a major downside: the config keys need to be parsed as they contain
both key and value in a single variable. As such, it is left to the user
to escape any potentially harmful characters in the value, which is
quite hard to do if values are controlled by a third party.

This commit thus adds a new way of adding config entries via the
environment which gets rid of this shortcoming. If the user passes the
`GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=$n` environment variable, Git will parse environment
variable pairs `GIT_CONFIG_KEY_$i` and `GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_$i` for each
`i` in `[0,n)`.

While the same can be achieved with `git -c <name>=<value>`, one may
wish to not do so for potentially sensitive information. E.g. if one
wants to set `http.extraHeader` to contain an authentication token,
doing so via `-c` would trivially leak those credentials via e.g. ps(1),
which typically also shows command arguments.

Signed-off-by: Patrick Steinhardt <ps@pks.im>
---
 Documentation/git-config.txt |  16 +++++
 cache.h                      |   1 +
 config.c                     |  67 +++++++++++++++++---
 environment.c                |   1 +
 t/t1300-config.sh            | 115 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 5 files changed, 191 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-config.txt b/Documentation/git-config.txt
index 0e9351d3cb..4b4cc5c5e8 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-config.txt
@@ -346,6 +346,22 @@ GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM::
 
 See also <<FILES>>.
 
+GIT_CONFIG_COUNT::
+GIT_CONFIG_KEY_<n>::
+GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_<n>::
+	If GIT_CONFIG_COUNT is set to a positive number, all environment pairs
+	GIT_CONFIG_KEY_<n> and GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_<n> up to that number will be
+	added to the process's runtime configuration. The config pairs are
+	zero-indexed. Any missing key or value is treated as an error. An empty
+	GIT_CONFIG_COUNT is treated the same as GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=0, namely no
+	pairs are processed. These environment variables will override values
+	in configuration files, but will be overridden by any explicit options
+	passed via `git -c`.
++
+This is useful for cases where you want to spawn multiple git commands
+with a common configuration but cannot depend on a configuration file,
+for example when writing scripts.
+
 
 [[EXAMPLES]]
 EXAMPLES
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index 7109765748..a2e318c62b 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -472,6 +472,7 @@ static inline enum object_type object_type(unsigned int mode)
 #define TEMPLATE_DIR_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR"
 #define CONFIG_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_CONFIG"
 #define CONFIG_DATA_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS"
+#define CONFIG_COUNT_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_CONFIG_COUNT"
 #define EXEC_PATH_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_EXEC_PATH"
 #define CEILING_DIRECTORIES_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES"
 #define NO_REPLACE_OBJECTS_ENVIRONMENT "GIT_NO_REPLACE_OBJECTS"
diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index 33099a3b0d..2627a05e91 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
 #include "cache.h"
 #include "branch.h"
 #include "config.h"
+#include "environment.h"
 #include "repository.h"
 #include "lockfile.h"
 #include "exec-cmd.h"
@@ -597,23 +598,73 @@ static int parse_config_env_list(char *env, config_fn_t fn, void *data)
 
 int git_config_from_parameters(config_fn_t fn, void *data)
 {
-	const char *env = getenv(CONFIG_DATA_ENVIRONMENT);
+	const char *env;
+	struct strbuf envvar = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strvec to_free = STRVEC_INIT;
 	int ret = 0;
-	char *envw;
+	char *envw = NULL;
 	struct config_source source;
 
-	if (!env)
-		return 0;
-
 	memset(&source, 0, sizeof(source));
 	source.prev = cf;
 	source.origin_type = CONFIG_ORIGIN_CMDLINE;
 	cf = &source;
 
-	/* sq_dequote will write over it */
-	envw = xstrdup(env);
-	ret = parse_config_env_list(envw, fn, data);
+	env = getenv(CONFIG_COUNT_ENVIRONMENT);
+	if (env) {
+		unsigned long count;
+		char *endp;
+		int i;
 
+		count = strtoul(env, &endp, 10);
+		if (*endp) {
+			ret = error(_("bogus count in %s"), CONFIG_COUNT_ENVIRONMENT);
+			goto out;
+		}
+		if (count > INT_MAX) {
+			ret = error(_("too many entries in %s"), CONFIG_COUNT_ENVIRONMENT);
+			goto out;
+		}
+
+		for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
+			const char *key, *value;
+
+			strbuf_addf(&envvar, "GIT_CONFIG_KEY_%d", i);
+			key = getenv_safe(&to_free, envvar.buf);
+			if (!key) {
+				ret = error(_("missing config key %s"), envvar.buf);
+				goto out;
+			}
+			strbuf_reset(&envvar);
+
+			strbuf_addf(&envvar, "GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_%d", i);
+			value = getenv_safe(&to_free, envvar.buf);
+			if (!value) {
+				ret = error(_("missing config value %s"), envvar.buf);
+				goto out;
+			}
+			strbuf_reset(&envvar);
+
+			if (config_parse_pair(key, value, fn, data) < 0) {
+				ret = -1;
+				goto out;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	env = getenv(CONFIG_DATA_ENVIRONMENT);
+	if (env) {
+		/* sq_dequote will write over it */
+		envw = xstrdup(env);
+		if (parse_config_env_list(envw, fn, data) < 0) {
+			ret = -1;
+			goto out;
+		}
+	}
+
+out:
+	strbuf_release(&envvar);
+	strvec_clear(&to_free);
 	free(envw);
 	cf = source.prev;
 	return ret;
diff --git a/environment.c b/environment.c
index 2234af462c..2f27008424 100644
--- a/environment.c
+++ b/environment.c
@@ -117,6 +117,7 @@ const char * const local_repo_env[] = {
 	ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT,
 	CONFIG_ENVIRONMENT,
 	CONFIG_DATA_ENVIRONMENT,
+	CONFIG_COUNT_ENVIRONMENT,
 	DB_ENVIRONMENT,
 	GIT_DIR_ENVIRONMENT,
 	GIT_WORK_TREE_ENVIRONMENT,
diff --git a/t/t1300-config.sh b/t/t1300-config.sh
index 0063e9f059..6ecf2c11a7 100755
--- a/t/t1300-config.sh
+++ b/t/t1300-config.sh
@@ -1423,6 +1423,117 @@ test_expect_success '--config-env handles keys with equals' '
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'git config handles environment config pairs' '
+	GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=2 \
+		GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0="pair.one" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0="foo" \
+		GIT_CONFIG_KEY_1="pair.two" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_1="bar" \
+		git config --get-regexp "pair.*" >actual &&
+	cat >expect <<-EOF &&
+	pair.one foo
+	pair.two bar
+	EOF
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config ignores pairs without count' '
+	test_must_fail env GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0="pair.one" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0="value" \
+		git config pair.one 2>error &&
+	test_must_be_empty error
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config ignores pairs with zero count' '
+	test_must_fail env \
+		GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=0 \
+		GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0="pair.one" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0="value" \
+		git config pair.one
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config ignores pairs exceeding count' '
+	GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 \
+		GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0="pair.one" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0="value" \
+		GIT_CONFIG_KEY_1="pair.two" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_1="value" \
+		git config --get-regexp "pair.*" >actual &&
+	cat >expect <<-EOF &&
+	pair.one value
+	EOF
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config ignores pairs with zero count' '
+	test_must_fail env \
+		GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=0 GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0="pair.one" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0="value" \
+		git config pair.one >error &&
+	test_must_be_empty error
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config ignores pairs with empty count' '
+	test_must_fail env \
+		GIT_CONFIG_COUNT= GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0="pair.one" GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0="value" \
+		git config pair.one >error &&
+	test_must_be_empty error
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config fails with invalid count' '
+	test_must_fail env GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=10a git config --list 2>error &&
+	test_i18ngrep "bogus count" error &&
+	test_must_fail env GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=9999999999999999 git config --list 2>error &&
+	test_i18ngrep "too many entries" error
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config fails with missing config key' '
+	test_must_fail env GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0="value" \
+		git config --list 2>error &&
+	test_i18ngrep "missing config key" error
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config fails with missing config value' '
+	test_must_fail env GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0="pair.one" \
+		git config --list 2>error &&
+	test_i18ngrep "missing config value" error
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'git config fails with invalid config pair key' '
+	test_must_fail env GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 \
+		GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0= GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0=value \
+		git config --list &&
+	test_must_fail env GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 \
+		GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0=missing-section GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0=value \
+		git config --list
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'environment overrides config file' '
+	test_when_finished "rm -f .git/config" &&
+	cat >.git/config <<-EOF &&
+	[pair]
+	one = value
+	EOF
+	GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0=pair.one GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0=override \
+		git config pair.one >actual &&
+	cat >expect <<-EOF &&
+	override
+	EOF
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS overrides environment config' '
+	GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0=pair.one GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0=value \
+		GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS="${SQ}pair.one=override${SQ}" \
+		git config pair.one >actual &&
+	cat >expect <<-EOF &&
+	override
+	EOF
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'command line overrides environment config' '
+	GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0=pair.one GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0=value \
+		git -c pair.one=override config pair.one >actual &&
+	cat >expect <<-EOF &&
+	override
+	EOF
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'git config --edit works' '
 	git config -f tmp test.value no &&
 	echo test.value=yes >expect &&
@@ -1768,9 +1879,11 @@ test_expect_success '--show-origin with --list' '
 	file:.git/config	user.override=local
 	file:.git/config	include.path=../include/relative.include
 	file:.git/../include/relative.include	user.relative=include
+	command line:	user.environ=true
 	command line:	user.cmdline=true
 	EOF
-	git -c user.cmdline=true config --list --show-origin >output &&
+	GIT_CONFIG_COUNT=1 GIT_CONFIG_KEY_0=user.environ GIT_CONFIG_VALUE_0=true\
+		git -c user.cmdline=true config --list --show-origin >output &&
 	test_cmp expect output
 '
 
-- 
2.30.0


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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 116+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-11-24 10:50 [PATCH v2 0/2] " Patrick Steinhardt
2020-11-24 10:50 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] config: extract function to parse config pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-11-24 10:50 ` [PATCH v2 2/2] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-11-25  3:39   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-11-25  7:06     ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-11-25  7:41       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-11-25  7:57         ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-11-25  8:47   ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-11-25  9:00   ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-11-25 19:50     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-11-25 10:41 ` [PATCH v2 0/2] " Jeff King
2020-11-25 13:16   ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-11-26  0:36     ` Jeff King
2020-11-25 20:28   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-11-25 22:47   ` brian m. carlson
2020-11-26  6:31     ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-01  9:47   ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-01 11:30     ` Jeff King
2020-12-01  9:55 ` [PATCH v3 0/4] " Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-01  9:55   ` [PATCH v3 1/4] environment: make `getenv_safe()` non-static Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-01  9:56   ` [PATCH v3 2/4] config: extract function to parse config pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-01  9:56   ` [PATCH v3 3/4] config: refactor parsing of GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-01  9:56   ` [PATCH v3 4/4] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 11:52 ` [PATCH v4 0/6] config: allow specifying config entries via env Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 11:52   ` [PATCH v4 1/6] git: add `--super-prefix` to usage string Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 11:52   ` [PATCH v4 2/6] config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 14:40     ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-12-09 16:24       ` Jeff King
2020-12-11 13:24         ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-11 14:21           ` Jeff King
2020-12-11 14:54             ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-11 16:10               ` Jeff King
2020-12-09 16:10     ` Jeff King
2020-12-09 16:12       ` [PATCH 1/3] quote: make sq_dequote_step() a public function Jeff King
2020-12-09 16:17       ` [PATCH 2/3] config: parse more robust format in GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS Jeff King
2020-12-09 16:20       ` [PATCH 3/3] config: store "git -c" variables using more robust format Jeff King
2020-12-09 16:34         ` Jeff King
2020-12-10 20:55         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-12-10 21:49           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-12-11 13:21           ` Jeff King
2020-12-10  0:00       ` [PATCH v4 2/6] config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env` Junio C Hamano
2020-12-10  0:09         ` Jeff King
2020-12-10  0:57           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-12-11 13:24       ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-11 14:20         ` Jeff King
2020-12-09 11:52   ` [PATCH v4 3/6] environment: make `getenv_safe()` non-static Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 11:52   ` [PATCH v4 4/6] config: extract function to parse config pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 13:12     ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-12-09 11:52   ` [PATCH v4 5/6] config: refactor parsing of GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 11:52   ` [PATCH v4 6/6] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-09 15:29   ` [PATCH v4 0/6] config: allow specifying config entries via env Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-12-11 13:35     ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-11 14:27       ` Jeff King
2020-12-11 14:42         ` Jeff King
2020-12-11 14:58           ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-11 14:47         ` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-11 15:21           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-12-11 16:02           ` Jeff King
2020-12-16  7:52 ` [PATCH v5 0/8] " Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-16  7:52   ` [PATCH v5 1/8] git: add `--super-prefix` to usage string Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-16  7:52   ` [PATCH v5 2/8] config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env` Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-23 21:35     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-12-16  7:54   ` [PATCH v5 4/8] config: extract function to parse config pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-16  7:54   ` [PATCH v5 7/8] environment: make `getenv_safe()` a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-16  7:54   ` [PATCH v5 8/8] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-23 21:14     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-12-23 21:55       ` Junio C Hamano
2021-01-06 10:28         ` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-06 21:07           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-12-16  7:56   ` [PATCH v5 3/8] quote: make sq_dequote_step() a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-16  7:56   ` [PATCH v5 5/8] config: store "git -c" variables using more robust format Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-16  7:57   ` [PATCH v5 6/8] config: parse more robust format in GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS Patrick Steinhardt
2020-12-16 20:01     ` Phillip Wood
2021-01-07  6:36 ` [PATCH v6 0/8] config: allow specifying config entries via env Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:36   ` [PATCH v6 1/8] git: add `--super-prefix` to usage string Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:36   ` [PATCH v6 2/8] config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-10 20:29     ` Simon Ruderich
2021-01-11  0:29       ` Junio C Hamano
2021-01-11  8:24         ` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:36   ` [PATCH v6 3/8] quote: make sq_dequote_step() a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:37   ` [PATCH v6 4/8] config: extract function to parse config pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:37   ` [PATCH v6 5/8] config: store "git -c" variables using more robust format Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:37   ` [PATCH v6 6/8] config: parse more robust format in GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:37   ` [PATCH v6 7/8] environment: make `getenv_safe()` a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-07  6:37   ` [PATCH v6 8/8] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:36 ` [PATCH v7 0/8] " Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:36   ` [PATCH v7 1/8] git: add `--super-prefix` to usage string Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:36   ` [PATCH v7 2/8] config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11 22:34     ` Junio C Hamano
2021-01-11  8:36   ` [PATCH v7 3/8] quote: make sq_dequote_step() a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:36   ` [PATCH v7 4/8] config: extract function to parse config pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:37   ` [PATCH v7 5/8] config: store "git -c" variables using more robust format Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:37   ` [PATCH v7 6/8] config: parse more robust format in GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:37   ` [PATCH v7 7/8] environment: make `getenv_safe()` a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-11  8:37   ` Patrick Steinhardt [this message]
2021-01-12 12:26 ` [PATCH v8 0/8] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-12 12:26   ` [PATCH v8 1/8] git: add `--super-prefix` to usage string Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-12 12:26   ` [PATCH v8 2/8] config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-04-16 15:40     ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-17  8:38       ` Jeff King
2021-04-19 15:28         ` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-04-20 11:01           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-20 10:59         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-04-23 10:05           ` Jeff King
2021-05-19 11:36             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2021-01-12 12:26   ` [PATCH v8 3/8] quote: make sq_dequote_step() a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-12 12:26   ` [PATCH v8 4/8] config: extract function to parse config pairs Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-12 12:27   ` [PATCH v8 5/8] config: store "git -c" variables using more robust format Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-15 19:16     ` Jeff King
2021-01-20  6:29       ` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-20  6:55         ` Junio C Hamano
2021-01-20  7:42           ` Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-20 22:28             ` Junio C Hamano
2021-01-12 12:27   ` [PATCH v8 6/8] config: parse more robust format in GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-12 12:27   ` [PATCH v8 7/8] environment: make `getenv_safe()` a public function Patrick Steinhardt
2021-01-12 12:27   ` [PATCH v8 8/8] config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs Patrick Steinhardt

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